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tv   newsgrid  Al Jazeera  August 12, 2018 6:00pm-7:00pm +03

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of the moon there's a lot of juice out of the u.k. are saying that they're not in the direction. of the message here is one of unity. we owe it because we don't need this of this and you won't loan off netanyahu that. enough but two events isn't enough i'm not. giving him to look at this is you know what this is amazing this is. no item number that i was. fighting to get to something and this is the real story of god the. people who really believe in democracy and equality we have and take democratic moves taking place in many things in the towards gays towards women in wards and towards arabs and this is the fascist regime is turning into a fascist that is still not there but it's going in
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a bad direction and we need to stop it as well as soon as we can. they're trying to . force the making of the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu and there is a big question there one of these. going to continue with this demand to becoming law against this government a message that people do you know everybody raising the right wind from. now benjamin netanyahu is continuing to back the old tweeting about the presence of palestinian planks of the valley he says there is no great a testament to the necessity of this little who will continue to atheist rady flag and sing the right to come which the israeli which is the national is ready and them with great pride. still ahead here on al-jazeera displaced by the burka raw but now returning home despite the dangers. tightening security around the war in terms of the plan demonstrations by rightwing activists and of their opponents.
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hello there heavy rain is pouring across the philippines at the moment the satellite picture is showing the cloud stretching across the luzon some of the wettest of the weather has been in the west where we've seen over two hundred millimeters of rain just in the last twenty four hours more wet weather is expected here as we head through the next couple of days but for the south it is generally looking a good deal bryce that there could be a few showers at times but in between plenty of sunshine coming through as well and that extends all the way across towards the west save a k.l. and singapore with the same most drawing just the occasional shower at times down towards australia we've had yet more cloud of rain over the southeast corner and that's keeping things here a little bit cooler so for melbourne only thirteen degrees that will be our maximum on monday further west it is warmer than that force in perth where up at twenty one
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they'll be plenty of sunshine on monday as well but things change as we head into tuesday this next system works its way towards us bringing wet and windy weather towards us and dragging down our temperatures maximum temperature just of eighteen degrees during the day because of the towards the east and we've also got some wet weather edging its way towards new zealand as well so fine at first for most of us but then we will see more cloud and rain and the winds will be picking up as well that system then sweeps its way eastwards as we head into cheese day. amidst a climate of fear violence and paranoia. there are those still willing to dream. in honduras dennis seeks a brighter future for his son and community. using art to reclaim the city. and transform the very symbol of past oppression. you find in latin america
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liberating a prison on al-jazeera. welcome back you're watching al-jazeera arms a whole rob a reminder of our top stories after twenty two years of negotiations an agreement looks likely to happen to reach a settlement over territorial disputes over the caspian sea the leaders of russia kazakhstan iran turkmenistan and. which border the caspian sea are meeting in the port city of act where they're expected to sign an agreement on the legal status of the caspian sea and how it will be divided up. millions are voting in their country's presidential election runoff president abrahim boubacar katter won the
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first round with forty one percent of the vote but opposition candidate somalia sisi accuses him of for. israel's palestinian minority led a mass protest in tel aviv against a controversial nation state law that officially affirms israel's jewish character but critics believe it turned jewish minorities into second class citizens thousands turned out to show that anger at the bill which was passed last month. and it's been six hundred days since al-jazeera journalist mahmud hussein was arrested and jailed in egypt without charge hussain is accused of broadcasting false news and receiving foreign funds to defame state institutions hussein is among at least thirty two journalists currently being detained in egypt according to reporters without borders twenty two are being held without charge now they're all egyptian nationals and half of them say they face abuse and health problems in prison the government also increased online censorship it's estimated nearly five
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hundred news websites have been blocked over the last year and a hussein and al jazeera strongly deny the allegations against him the network demands his release laura manley has more. locked up in solitary confinement al jazeera journalist mahmud hussein is yet to have any formal charges brought against him the egyptian national was stopped questioned and detained in december two thousand and sixteen after traveling from doha where he was based to visit his family in cairo he's been held in the notorious tour a maximum security prison where he's complained of mistreatment hussein and al jazeera strongly deny the allegations against him that he broke last false news writing letters in the last. african union playing to the good offices. democracy in the country by his lot of people which include press freedom and
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freedom of expression egypt level similar charges against al-jazeera trio bonhomme hama mohamed fahmy i'm peter greste day five years ago and as there are explore editor in chief ibrahim helal was sentenced to death and absentia two years ago. reporters without borders ranks egypt one hundred sixty one out of one hundred eighty countries in this year's watch press freedom index it says at least thirty two journalists are being held in egyptian jails few have been put on trial most of been detained for months or years and over a being held on trumped up charges. those imprisoned included gyptian journalist mahmoud i was a it known as shock and he's been locked up for five years reporting on the robbers square protests in cairo where hundreds of protesters were killed and thousands injured recently shall can be nominated for unesco is press freedom prize and multi
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award winning journalist well about us had its home raided a may and was arrested and detained. as egyptian authorities tom. what they describe as fake news new laws were passed in july to support the arrests of journalists they allow the state to block social media accounts and detain journalists who have more than five thousand followers and existing laws which are already being used to grassroots. susman your freedom new laws and more wishes many more who are not even journalists would be honest and because they want to express their opinion supporters of president abdel fattah el-sisi say they will safeguard freedom of expression. but rights groups say it will give a legal basis for egypt to crackdown eclipses them or to send more about manly al-jazeera. a problem thirty arabian scholar has been arrested in the latest
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crackdown on dissent omar is extremely popular on social media with more than six million followers on twitter but he was detained on choose day in mecca it's so far unclear what the charges are against him but other clerics have been arrested for being critical of crown prince mohammed bin salon. now the funerals of children killed in those days airstrike on a school bus in southern province have been delayed until monday at least fifty one were killed in the attack most of them were children several body parts remain to be identified the saudi a morality coalition says it's investigating the attack three attackers thought to be behind a bombing in jordan they're being killed in a police raid security forces stormed the building in salt where several suspects were hiding they eventually blew up the building four police officers were also killed and five other suspected were arrested the raid was in connection to a homemade bomb attack a day earlier into hesse which killed one person. but he voices protesters have
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marched through the streets of charlottesville a year after the violence that killed one person this time the demonstration was peaceful amid a heavy police presence present job refused to speak out against the white supremacists but on saturday he tweeted that he condemns all forms of racism but will rallies are expected on sunday white supremacists will gather outside the white house and police say they'll keep the parks and count to demonstrate to the hundred pounds this report from washington d.c. . a year ago to the day liberal might that the old right now police in washington d.c. want to keep history from repeating itself. on the anniversary of the deadly white supremacist rally in charlottesville virginia that left a counter demonstrator dead when a car drove into a crowd as many as four hundred white supremacist marchers prepared to converge on lafayette square in front of the white house so do more than a thousand left wing marchers who call themselves and chief or anti fascist jason
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kesler who organized that unite the right march is leading this one day that you hear around you that is day and to my right a. living many here fearing another round of violent confrontation and i think something serious could happen i think something terrible would happen let me just say i. should charlottesville kessler's charlottesville out richard spencer is not expected in washington so his ideas are. yes i mean america story please undoubtedly a white country we're headed in a very different direction what we're saying rings true what we're saying cuts right to the heart of the matter and that's why people are attracted to us that's why we're growing hundreds of city and u.s. park service police will line the streets with one simple goal all to make sure be to make sure that nobody is injured and nothing gets broken barricades will play
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a key role. police say they've learned lessons from charlottesville and their main goal will be to keep the two groups apart even as they converge by the hundreds in this relatively small space it's a colossal task counter-demonstrators are already filling the streets i think it's an absolute affront to human decency to even allow these nazis and white supremacist started to come here and march in front of the white house on this somber anniversary a police force with perhaps more experience than any in the world in handling protests tries to allow the march but not the mayhem john hendren al-jazeera washington. and to give them protesters have been rallying for a second day in romania more than four hundred demonstrators were injured in violence with police on friday thousands of people have gathered in the capital bucharest against the ruling social democrats many of them remain experts who've returned home to protest against corruption. in peru hundreds of protesters in the
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capital lima have been demanding gender equality and reform to the judiciary the demonstrators say the judicial system ignores the high level of violence between just women seven out of ten women in peru have suffered some sort of physical or psychological abuse as of twenty sixteen rights groups want politicians to discuss these issues in congress. thousands of people displaced by a group boko haram in northeastern nigeria are returning home despite reports of new attacks more than thirty thousand have left the relative safety of terms and made a good read to start rebuilding their lives but as and the ports many don't want to take the risk. they set off on a two hundred eighty kilometer journey home most of them are going to their town for the first time since over on it five years ago the destruction that greeted them was unimaginable yet most are glad their home. nigeria's government says four
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hundred thousand homes were destroyed in borno state alone over nine years about one hundred thousand have been rebuilt despite the huge challenges and the process of constructing it we experience bottom attack that is the one the second difficult didn't we we have the transportation the building materials which is also another problem another issue is the prohibition of skill level two added to that is a lack of money while some displaced persons have returned home thousands more i mean in camps like this they say it's still on safe to go back to the villages despite assurances from the security forces there warry now is whether or not they will continue to receive help in the camps many of the people here in my degree say they would rather remain in relative safety of the city but risk attacks by book or on fighters and one myself there is no adequate security there are no schools or
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shelter that's why we're not going back there but for some communities the road to recovery is a bit smaller. file not a lady whose husband was killed by boko haram got a two miles now to later on we are grateful that we have a reef a go ahead but it's been quite a struggle living without him there's no want to help us out have religion was rebuilt from scratch it now has a water supply civil authority and a few soldiers more importantly the local school is up and running. people here say the school is a symbol of defiance to book or arm whose ideology opposes western education and influences how much it resists al-jazeera know these nigeria. the winner of the two thousand and one nobel prize for literature has died at his home in london at the age of eighty five paul was born and raised in rural trinidad but
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lived most of his life in england dozens of books dealing with themes of migration and exile his books cast an unflinching look at the british colonial empire and its legacy his wife called him a giant in all that he achieved and tributes have been pouring in from leipold for who inspired admiration and criticism in equal measure author salman rushdie tweeted and he said we disagreed all our lives about politics about literature and i feel a sad as if i've just lost a beloved older brother and chandra is a novelist and professor he describes in our poll as a literary giant i think we should remember him for what you did with writing what an exceptional writer he was in my opinion the greatest writer of english rules of the second half of the twentieth century and. ruth remember him through two landmark books so various books are important but these two landmark
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books tell us a little bit about still nature of this achievement the first is a house from this of this what's neither of these phrases. but they did something new floor writers to follow and so he's a he's extremely important to other writers as well he wasn't afraid he was unafraid to be eccentric and expensive because i would sit some of his views i disagree of i certainly don't agree with them. but it's interesting how he was compared to express these views and work. through them work them out i mean what is interesting about nightfall is the chime and pressure and seriousness and even going to torturing. honesty with which you work so these very unpleasant thoughts these thoughts must
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have been unpleasant to them as well but i don't want i want this to be remembered the fact that he was just honest enough to show us the more more unpleasant bits of the thought process one of nasa's most ambitious space missions has blasted off three two one zero left on the park a solar probe will fire closer to the sun than any previous staff light is designed to brave extreme temperatures of more than fouls degrees and speeds of seven hundred thousand kilometers an hour the mission will last seven years searching. but take you straight over to. where the five neighboring countries surrounding the caspian sea are speaking their leaders hopefully signing an agreement has said regarding the iranian president is speaking now let's hear what he has to say iranian shorelines. it is d.s.
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. you. have. your own daughter. once you. get a bit. more for that not me your dog only. four years yet up on my younger brother as you get out but all your tough all. seem all. the iranian president hassan rouhani speaking there in the port city of act as the five leaders of the caspian border area to decide on the fate of the caspian sea and how they may use it in the future. we are now mali and started voting in the run off the presidential election present a brain boubacar kettle on the first round with a forty one percent of the vote but opposition candidate somalia say accuses him of
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fraud and the first round vote was marred by violence as mali struggles against armed groups. israel's palestinian why not israel's palestinian minority led a mass protest in tel aviv against a controversial nation state law it officially affirms israel's jewish character but critics believe it turns non jewish minorities into second class citizens thousands turned out to show their anger at the bill which was passed last month now it came a week after israel's druze community also rallied against the law. it's also been six hundred days or a journalist. was arrested and jailed in egypt without charge hussein is accused of broadcasting false news and receiving. state institutions strongly denied the allegations and the network is demanding his release now you can follow all of those stories are website at www. dot news in.
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latin america. viewfinder.
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so. then please see below they came a. side of this. we procured a good old committed in with the communal vassie. the four by me my masses of pride and honor. now. this is. my own my my home and they see to my knowledge. there louis. i mean to go home was said by the can look at the niggas who don't know what actually atlas.
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but they're. going to believe that is a valid point that it is. just. a lost cause they don't put up the will so why do it in the us it is a. good deal. for somebody that got.
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it down for a day and if you can be focused. on every other function because it is bad and. can. go. and you know if you want to know if the mean time a lot of you want to be our example down here it's a good time why even if you are only a four not recall off the market might our begin to bring down the offerings in the bus. because we need good enough noise the end of the most letter then the do it gradually spin rhythm and talk about the long bus in a bus or in the bottom you can hold a news source in the at the. top of the bus you'll mind it doesn't. go long in those cities because that is where they give me. a little are. being is
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not that i ever is out of the wood on that the way. but i say look for you. in the store bought a real suicide. but i recall that for those that they call me the us a brief us but have a better method alice maybe and the little that you do is. what the model of the moscow in one of my manner that they contain what i see in the lot of pinnacle doing what i see in though i'll go i'll go. just in the new bunker to see him though on the ground. it appears to be sad i lead him where they can more than one child and then i in the he no not allow. me there is because that is the are really going to you or you step on the lawyer for
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that as they can no more than my a more normal normal than what the ram was to kill a domain local more dreadful again i meant that you know that the more leave it is . i don't mean to you are no more. that are not of the me more. regular regular programming to take you straight through to the port city of. leaders of caspian sea countries are leading to discuss the face of the area let's listen in just shortly we heard from has undergone an iranian president now it is the russian president vladimir putin. in line with what the previous speakers as said i were to confirm that this is a very unique summit. and as much as this has been prepared for
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some ten years this convention on the legal status of the caspian. lays a very important foundation for the fate of the caspian region particularly in terms of clarifying the use of the resources concerned i should like to congratulate all the presidents and the leaders of delegations and particularly the heads of delegations negotiating dedications. i think that what we have is a young modern and balanced international agreement. which is based of course on the previous relations or treaties between iran and russia. we had to come to agreement
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with regard to the distribution of power within the caspian the use for exclusively peaceful purposes the resources of the region also regulates military activity and protection of the environment i think that what we have now is a college for a new partnership agreement and this cooperation which we visit is across the board in the most various areas six very important targeted. agreements will also be signed including transport and security russia has. deployed very energetic efforts in this negotiating process so with all the other parties to it. and
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priority attention will be given to developing trade and economic activity in the area to make sure that we all get mutual benefit from it. and we see that trade between us is constantly growing. and since. a couple of years since twenty seventeen there has been a huge increase in trade taking into consideration the caspian economic forum i believe that this will help to strengthen economic cooperation russia is proposing to all the countries of the caspian to go digital to make sure that there is a proper camos. set in train. the
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ticket with regard to cargo shipments and logistics. we believe that new transit and transport arrangements will lead to a common integrated. transport hub and this is absolutely essential for sustainable and strengthened economic activity in this connection and like to inform everybody that russia is undertaking and materializing the construction of new caspian ports and has been for a couple of years now and we are also working on modernization of maritime communications and infrastructure in particular. we are planning. a new port which will be completed in twenty twenty five which probably
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capable of hosting. large vessels. up to two hundred fifty tons. we believe that this will be a very important contribution to the logistic chain. and it will. vary considerably increase the volume of trade which is handled. but. also looking about multi multi modal transport from rail to vessel. and this is really going to help us to deliver. shipments much more easily. from europe to. iran and vice versa and from north to south as well the development of international shipping. must be done in equal conditions across the caspian
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and we believe that the. facilitating and transparent very trade is important here so we can make more of an effort here. according to the current assessment it's. a tourism could also be considerably stimulated around the caspian but we need infrastructure for that. and. we believe that already by twenty nineteen we will be able to. effect cruises around the. caspian for tourists and we are also looking into new infrastructures hotels and so on around
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to caspian. countries could come up with a promising program in this area we believe that caspian states should also pay priority attention to the preservation of the environment and resources. the framework. agreement on the preservation of naturism as in the caspian is very important. as well as the project. on transit border. activity like this document has a strict environmental. for the development of infrastructure and that is going to benefit the caspian sea in general. i think that the previous summit of caspian. sea took
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a very important decision on preserving sturgeon stocks. and russia is prepared to even extend that moratorium. so we believe that a joint program to combat poaching is absolutely essential security in the region of course is very important in this is what underpins many of. it has an influence this region on afghanistan the middle east and so on and so forth so this really affects the. basic interests of our states. and we have to pull together in the effort to combat jointly the threat of terrorism and also transit boundary crime and criminality and there are a number of project calls. which relate to security measures
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this year and next and russia fully supports these decisions and actively works to their implementation in the future we should also have to think about. engaging our efforts to combat drug trafficking with the caspian and that. individually with each state. where we have to extend the practice of port to visit as much as possible. and. military exercises as well. we must also do. to prevent incidents at sea and we believe that what we have in place now will certainly increase confidence in this area in the region. and
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the navies of five states must cooperate here and we propose that we work further. on extending the framework of cooperation particularly in terms of fighting civil. emergency this. drills exercises to. rehearse our reaction to natural disasters and so on we believe that this should be extended in continued and i just like saying conclusion to extend gratitude to represent as a buy for the extraordinary effort he has put into organizing this summit thank you very much for your congratulations and now i will give the floor to. the president took minister distinguished heads of. government and
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state members of. governments ladies and gentleman first of all i should like to convey my gratitude to the president. that by for his extraordinary hospitality and for the efforts which is deployed in joint work. you're watching old where the turkmenistan president bowing gurly a better diet is speaking now before that was obviously the russian president vladimir putin these leaders all gathered in the caspian sea resort of act in kazakhstan why they're there let's tell you what the caspian sea is landlocked and that raises a question as to whether it is indeed a sea or a lake now these five countries share is cosigned russia iran kazakstan azerbaijan and turkmenistan and that's led to a dispute over which country lays claim to the caspian and how much of it if agreement was reached to legally designate the caspian lake it would see it divided
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up equally between the five nations so each one would get twenty percent if it remains to see the territory would be split between those countries according to how much coastline they share and iran would therefore receive the smallest share that's because the major sticking point in the negotiations and because the caspian lies above one of the world's largest collections of oil and gas some forty eight billion barrels of oil alone that's what's at stake let's get more this summer rory challenge has been following events in moscow and rory this whole meeting has taken what over twenty years has been more complicated by the fact that when it first started it was a conversation between two countries now it's a conversation between five. yes so wind the clock back a quarter of a century and you only as you say had two states that had shorelines on the
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caspian sea you had the soviet union and you had iran but of course in one thousand nine hundred the soviet union fell apart and that meant that the successor states russia kazakstan azerbaijan tech menace stan were all involved in trying to sort out the future legal status of the caspian sea with iran as well all having their different interests all having their own agendas that they wanted to pursue there has been a huge amount of diplomacy that's gone on over the intervening years we have had. more than two decades of expert level meetings we've had at least ten foreign minister level meetings and we have had previously four presidential summits now we're in the fifth one and it looks all the signs are pointing to this summit coming up finally with
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a legal definition for the caspian sea that will satisfy all five of the literal states and the basically the crux of it is is this body of water a lake or is it a c. if it's a lake then it has to be divided proportionally equally between all five states each of them getting twenty percent of the resources etc if it's a c. then it has to be divided according to the length of coastline that each of these countries have so obviously those two different scenarios benefits the different countries in different ways what we understand is that this agreements that they are most likely to sign in the next hour or so is going to slightly fudge the issue saying it's a neither a lake because it is too big to be a lake it's. vast nor is it a sea because it has no access to the oceans and therefore it's something in the middle the agreements that they reach will basically unlock the full potential of
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the caspian sea economically because as you mentioned in your introduction there is a huge amount of oil and gas underneath this body of water that in a moment is some you know is not being properly extracted because of the disagreements that have gone on for so long finally coming to an agreement can allow all of these countries to push ahead with their various interests and that will have a huge impact i think on the the energy markets of the world considering how much energy is locked underneath this body of water but of course along when leaders of five countries a large and as important as these bordering the caspian come together obviously the greenman has most probably been sorted out behind the scenes they're coming really just to state their positions and sign on the dotted line we heard it with loud tamir putin just a short time ago that he also touched on other things that he would like to see from cooperation in the area and that was things like tourism building infrastructure and a thought of a new port that russia is proposing to build by twenty twenty five that could take
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ships that way as much as two hundred fifty tons a russia certainly the iranian president before him a stating what sort of plans they have for the region they see this as quite an economic lifeline. yeah absolutely it's not just about energy of course as well to me putin was saying there this is potentially going to unlock huge trade potential between these countries increased trade potential. you say he was talking about deep water ports that's very true he was also talking about tourism being boosted that perhaps you could see cruise ships operating around the caspian sea taking tourists from one country to the next using ports along the way stopping off points but then there's also security this is not not just about tourism not just about trade not just about energy five
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different countries all with their own security needs and it's generally believed that the documents that they are preparing to sign in at tower and has it star will agree that there are no militaries that are going to be allowed into the caspian sea region that do not belong to any of the five states so do not belong to as it has by john did not belong to turkmenistan did not belong to kazakhstan iran or russia which basically means of course that the united states or the european union or china or any other global powers will be able to have a military presence in the black sort of the caspian sea area this will be essentially shutout to global powers apart from those countries that have a shoreline on the caspian sea. well we'll leave it there rory and of course i will leave you with pictures of that conference hall in fact in cannes like port city
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where the turkmenistan president is speaking at the moment those five regional leaders discussing the future state of the caspian sea we expect them to sign a document and have a press conference later in the day we'll have more details of that in our news coming up on the other side of the break you're watching us there english to stay with us. southbound oh the economic heartbeat of a thriving brazil but boom times mean rising rents and the lack of public housing isabella is just one of thousands looking for a place to call home with no choice but to occupy one of the city's many vacant buildings facing an uncertain future. do you find a latin america occupying brazil on al-jazeera. we hear
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into jerusalem bureau covered israeli palestinian affairs we cover the story with a lot of intimate knowledge we covered it with that we don't dip in and out of the story we have presence here all the time apart from being a cameraman it's also very important to be a journalist to know the story very well before going into the fields covering the united nations and global the onus for al-jazeera english is pretty incredible this is where talks happen and what happens there matters. denied citizenship. health care and education. forced from their homes to live in camps. subject to devastating physical cruelty al-jazeera world investigates one of the most persecuted minorities in the world. silent abuse.
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full of struggles. and what not only that i mean all along all that i want you know but i don't want to fall of pleasure. i don't wanna get anywhere with it i don't know it but i'm not going to an intimate look at life in cuba today as it was an warning. that i had more than you know i got a buzz about my cuba on al-jazeera. august on al-jazeera european muslims today are facing the consequences of having their faith linked to armed attacks even though day two of victims of the bonds the largest multi-sport event on the continent asian games in jakarta will host athletes competing in a mix of traditional and the olympic sports a vibrant new series of character led documentaries from immigrant neighborhoods across europe
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a series of reports about the state of the world's forests and what's being done to protect them in a three part series al-jazeera uncovers the motivations and impact of the brutal human exploitation system then lay the foundation of today's global powers ogust on al-jazeera. land. this is al-jazeera. hello i'm daryn jordan this is the out there were news hour live from doha coming up in the next sixty minutes leaders from five countries bordering the caspian sea shores to try and settle to a decade old dispute it's. six years after a military coup the people of mali vote in
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a runoff election to pick the new president. amasses latest mission is underway to send a probe to slingshot around the sun. on polar race with your day's sport tiger woods is just four shots of the pace and in the hunt phase first major in a decade we'll hear from him as he goes into the final round of the p.g.a. championship. welcome to the program of the twenty two years of negotiations iran says edition agreements will be needed in a territorial dispute over the caspian sea the leaders of russia kazakhstan iran turkmenistan and azerbaijan which border the caspian sea are meeting in the port city of a town where they're making speeches right now open to the media well the caspian sea is landlocked which raises the question whether it is indeed a sea or a lake five countries share its coastline russia iran kazakhstan azerbaijan and
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turkmenistan and that's led to the dispute over which country lays claim over the caspian and how much now if an agreement is reached to legally designate the caspian a lake it would see it divided up equally between the five nations with twenty percent each if it remains c. though the territory would be split between those countries according to how much coastline they share iran and therefore receive the smallest claim and that's been the major sticking point in these negotiations because the caspian lies above one of the world's largest collections of oil and gas some forty eight billion barrels of oil will reach islands is following the story from moscow for us roy it's taken twenty years to agree on the status of this body of water where it's a lake or a sea why does the definition matter so much. well as you explain there and it matters because how you divide up the spoils
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matters hugely according to whether you define this body of water a lake or a sea and as you said there if it's a lake then it's divided equally twenty percent to each of the literal states the states with the shoreline on the caspian sea if it's a sea then you have to abide by the united nations convention on the law of the sea which basically means that your share of the assets and the resources under the body of water is dictated according to the length of your shoreline essentially so the if it's if it's a lake then it benefits those with short shorelines if it's a sea then it benefits those with long shorelines what we understand though is that the definition that is going to be agreed on at this summit is that it's not quite one or the other it's not a lake because it's so huge and it's not a sea because it's shut off from the ocean so they're coming up it seems with some
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sort of fudge really that allows them to move on to reach this agreement and to keep on discussing things essentially now to meet putin in his opening statements they're called this modern and balance documents that they're about to sign and president rouhani of iran suggested that this isn't going to be the end they do have to talk about more things and he also alluded to the delicate balance of the discussions here all of the different things at stake we can listen to what he says about it now here for example as about a drum borne vonnegut the five countries efforts to support the iran nuclear deal is a good step towards expanding regional cooperation and the betterment of relations between us the natural resources of the caspian sea belong to the five countries bordering it so to prevent any dispute in the area. as we have not negotiated we must avoid any unilateral exploration of the natural resources in this area i'm
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sure as you say the definition may be in doubt but the fact that the bordering countries haven't seen conflict over rights is a blessing i suppose but they all of course want to slice of its natural resources . yeah i think in many ways you can say that this is a triumph of just of diplomacy it's being going on for more than twenty years now we've had two decades worth of expert level meetings we've had ten foreign minister level meetings and we have previously had four presidential level summits we are now in the fifth one that this hasn't dissolved into conflict is as you say a blessing and a credit i think to the different countries involved here and the fact they've managed to keep this broadly amicable over the years there is a huge amount at stake there are trillions of dollars worth of oil and gas underneath the caspian sea and much of this has stayed on realized untapped
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because of this ongoing dispute the benefits of reaching an agreement about what the caspian sea actually is are of course financial in many ways they will allow the different countries to start exploiting the oil and gas to its fullest potential and of course building pipelines that can then transport it to lucrative markets in europe etc and beyond but it's not just about oil and gas it's also about trade issues it's also about tourism vladimir putin is saying that he hopes that there could be cruise ships going around the caspian sea it's also about security each of these countries have their own security concerns and it's expected that the document that is finally signed in an hour or so he's going to say that there are going to be no other militaries allowed into the caspian sea other than the ones that actually have
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a shoreline on the caspian so no americans allowed no europeans and no chinese either or it's a real challenge there must be a route thank you. now molly and i have started voting in a runoff presidential election president abraham because cato won the first round with forty one percent of the vote but oppositional candidate so many a c. say accuses him of fraud by the first round vote was marred by violence as money struggles against groups. reports in the capital bamako. the results of the first round two weeks ago gave forty one percent of the vote while his main rival got close to eighteen percent was accused of fraud by opposition leaders but really i think we need. to get a low result in the election is indeed heartbreaking but you cannot accuse president being behind that figure it's the decision of the million people which reflects their judgment of you. meanwhile was repeating the claims. that
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once again i am asking for your vote so that together we can achieve the dream and the destiny that i have for mali i don't need to remind you of the grave in multiple illegalities of the first round which amount to political banditry they were a criminal breach of the law and of human dignity one day the reality will be clear to all and it will shame those who have dirty their hands with fraud and corruption . seceded borst of what he described as a major success in the first round he's the first opposition candidate in the democratic history of mali to take a sitting president to on off but his hopes of a united front by the other opposition parties have been partly dust by that infuse a lot of many first round losing candidates to endorse him the government has also closed down a local radio station that supports sisi accusing it of inciting violence and hate speach. she says supporters organize a rally on saturday to protest the alleged electoral violations and to warn against
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a repeat violence was reported in at least a fifth of the twenty three thousand polling stations on july twenty ninth no vote took place at all in three percent of those centers and four soldiers were killed in an ambush as their convoy carrying election material since then ethnic violence has worsened in the central region of mukti as dozens of learning herdsman have been killed by rival gangs or hunters the e.u. has expressed concern over security and the government to govern a free and fair enough for the leaders the focus now is on the vote but for millions there is a desire to see that democracy does not fall victim to power struggles. and mohammed joins us live now from the capital bamako mohammed so a second round of voting after what was an initial violent first round had the authorities tightened up security. yeah the authorities said
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they have now increased the number of security personnel from thirty thousand to thirty six thousand and have tried to spread them further across the country more than before but remember that even with this measure we know that in some areas in the center in the area of mctee and in the north the government has a very weak presence and it has been incapable over the last few years to increase that presence and make it meaningful and efficient and this is happening despite also the presence of peacekeepers from twenty three foreign countries including the u.n. grounds and their european advisors and african troops we don't know that nobody can guarantee that this round will be safe there the process they will be safer than on the twenty ninth of july we know that. a tremendous number of these options took place at the time and here where i stand i have a guest and i am going to ask about some of the things going on related to also the
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other aspects of this both i have with me mr shakes the law you are. very low turnout so far are people demoralized do they think they are in the front of a fait accompli nothing will change even if they come and vote. well in really under morning in we are in the. country mali in the bamako so are willing we don't see many people coming to ford's maybe due to the rain it is raining that's too bad i know they're voting for the opposition to get demoralised because of the what happened in the first run but one thing is sure an. article the outgoing president has suffered turns his voters will come. to fold so that here we we have a very high rate of prosperity do you think that anything will change if the current
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president continues in power i mean are people expecting him to be anything to do in these next five years than the previous ones many people are complaining of his or his performance well this question is very difficult to answer because people have different mind different vision avi's our administration some people think that when you select you do you really do better than i ever think other people think that you can do worse than the first term of god inflation you have any hope for better security in mali during the next few years whoever wins this election i mean what's going on particularly during the last five years the last three years it's horrible you know only. a quick.


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