tv State of Play Al Jazeera August 24, 2018 4:00am-5:01am +03
part of the trump presidential campaign trying to find areas of possible danger for donald trump what i guess bill clinton used to call bimbo eruptions i suppose and then trying to neuter them in the way a famous example being you know paying lots of money to someone who claimed to have had an affair with donald trump and then sat on the story sort of the story would never would never come out now he has not got an immunity deal it is illegal in the us for a corporation to act in concert and coordination with a political campaign for the benefit of one candidate so that's trouble for him if he now says that donald trump was completely aware of this coordination was helping coordinate that's trouble for donald trump as well. never stops she have thanks very much everybody from washington d.c. are you watching. still to come here on the program south africa accuses donald trump of fueling racial tensions after he tweeted that farmers were being forced off their land and killed. and carolyn's was floods in
a century killed hundreds and displaced more than a million was it a natural disaster environmentalist say no. hello there we've got some cool weather spreading its way across europe now the look too impressive really on satellite picture is this blob of cloud here that's the leading edge of it giving us some areas of rain and as it works its way eastwards we see the cool air russian behind that so it's a liquid blustery for some of us here and certainly not warm a maximum temperature of ninety degrees in london and around twenty in paris that leading edge as it works its way across the eastern parts of europe is hitting this hot air that's been sitting across the eastern parts of europe over the last few weeks and as it does say is going to see an intensification to the rain on it so
we'll see wetter weather spreading its way across the eastern parts of europe it will turn heavier here before the towards the south are for many of us across the northern parts of africa it's fine and settled at the moment not quite for all of us though we are seeing one or two showers around the northeast in parts about syria and the northern parts of tunisia some of those really quite violent thunderstorms there gradually working their way away from us an easing though as we head through the next few days so it does look like such a saturday should be a dry a day for the central belt of africa plenty of showers here as you might expect or rattling their way towards the west we think quite a few of them over cameroon and into nigeria and quite a few will the new as well. the stuff intrinsically linked to the slave trade where you're let's say i'm consistent and insurance company there's no way to separate that kind of terror from the labor on the plantation from the profits that lou produced the past in europe
industrialized slavery and amassed its great wealth resistance began to take full. from show that episode to have slavery went on al-jazeera. and again a reminder the top stories here on al-jazeera yemen's rebels say thirty one people have been killed in saudi led airstrikes on account for displaced people in the data most of the victims are children. the u.n. is latin american countries to ease entry restrictions for thousands of venezuelans fleeing in the economic crisis peru and ecuador announced last week they wouldn't
let in venezuelans without a passport. donald trump has warned that there would be an economic crash if he is impeached trump has been on the defensive following the prosecution of two former top aides. ugandan pop star and opposition politician bobby why has been charged with treason why was rearrested just minutes after he was freed by military court he'd appeared at the court for allegedly inciting his supporters to throw stones at a convoy carrying president you any news of any the government has denied accusations that one has been in custody for the sing it was seen leaving court on crutches catherine soy has the latest now from come paula. and is now in remind in a prison in the town in the north that's about three hundred kilometers from kampala he was charged with treason and he is going to be in reminding the says
this month where he's going to appear before or sick and he said to two other people who are arrested last week and also charged with treason we're told is that that date was expected but the issue of bail is also going to be discussed now the magistrate. or did that he's possible doctors be allowed unfettered access to him and that he should be given medical attention. was being tried at the military court of those charges that were filed against him has this been dropped and the reason why he was in the military court is because of the nature of those charges possession of firearms and ammunition that only the military is allowed to have a lot of people saying that those charges what trumped up in the all this has caused a lot of unfasten see and tension particularly here in kampala. so a huge presence of soldiers and police in several areas
conceded. people being prevented from gathering or trying to get to the city center . opposition does what also blocked from leaving their homes by security forces in fact one of those opposition leaders he's a best was a wreck that right in his compound as we watched. the south african government is accused donald trump of inflaming racial tensions after he tweeted about alleged land seizures from white farmers in the post says i have asked secretary of state might compare to closely study the south africa law and land and pharmacies as an expropriation and the large scale killing of farmers it then refers to a fox news segment which reported the south african government is now seizing land from white farmers but the government has actually not yet seized any major agricultural land meter miller has been speaking to farmers in béla béla in limpopo it's. the debate around land it's appropriate and without compensation is
a very emotive one here in south africa the government says it supports the exploitation of land without paying for it as part of its land reform program but white farmers in particular say it will kill the agricultural sector and harm the country's economy now they say they are better ways of including land black people in the agricultural sector and in that way empowering them and we spoke to a farmer earlier who's attending this land summit in béla béla in the limpopo province who says while farmers understand that the injustices of the past have led to the bust majority of farming land being in the hands of the white minority the government has to reconsider its stance i think at the moment the uncertainty that that's in this whole discussion really really makes us feel threatened because you don't know we we're going to be in it in a year star. certainly creates uncertainty i think in the past two weeks we've got
some clarity from government coming government really come out also to this learned by today and give some assurance on what they planning to do how they are farmers who say this is an opportunity for the government to boost the economy and give rural communities a chance to participate i think that the issue of land expropriation is an issue that's. in coming a long way in the struggle for liberation in south africa it's therefore an emotive issue and an economic issue it's really a struggle about economic freedom and the liberties of people to live and work where they wish to as the government grapples with details of just how it will go about expropriating land for the fuse been added to the fire following a tweet by u.s. president donald trump saying land is being seized from white farmers now the government says trump's tweet is offensive and crude and it will deal with this
through diplomatic channels and its relationship with the u.s. remains intact despite some in accuracies in that tweet as of african governments now has to do some damage control. nearly a million people remain displaced from their homes in the indian state of current and the region recovers from the worst floods in its history many are now questioning whether the disaster could have been avoided in a state that is otherwise used to a heavy monsoon under thomas has this report. hundreds of people have died more than a million fled their homes but now that trail was kara's disaster the quantity of rain was unprecedented two and a half times the normal figure for office so far but environmentalists say properly managed its land and rivers would have absorbed it and channeled it to the sea over development in flood plains is to blame left. claiming that even some bad lands for other uses but that is one of them
a good thing which i agree with of the situation either way though flood plains in the form of piety relies on about plants what are they going to accommodate on morsels of water. the floods were made worse a environmentalist by quantities of plastic rubbish clocking rivers stopping them flowing fast and really instead the rivers burst their banks but even with those issues the floods say some could have been avoided aside from the long term impact of environmental mismanagement and pollution there is another way that some here are seeing this as a manmade disaster they're blaming those who manage the dams and reservoirs carola has fifty three large reservoirs where the collective capacity of nearly seven trillion liters of water they are managed primarily for hydro electricity production and irrigation for farmers many operators are reluctant to let the water go when it's not needed so they were near capacity before the worst of the rain fell when it did the water had to be suddenly released to stop dam walls breaking
people think infrastructure is a security against flood but more of the flood waters did not come from the rain they come from the release of their dams never happened before if we know too much rain is coming dams should releasing water as gently and not impounding the last drop and then flooding people's out of their homes it's likely no one factor caused carolus flooding but human activity and inactivity. seem to have made it worse andrew thomas al-jazeera call them at least one hundred fifty migrants are stuck on a coast guard ship after being refused entry to italy italy's far right interior minister says those on board are illegal immigrants and will not allow them to set foot on italian soil he wants other european nations european union nations to take in the refugees an official from italy's human rights office says ninety percent of the people on board are from eritrea the rest are from syria sudan and somalia
a british iranian charity worker who's been in jail in iran for two years has been released for three days not sitting right cliff supporters have released photographs of being reunited with a four year old daughter got reality she was arrested in april two thousand and sixteen in tehran well preparing to fly back to britain with her daughter after a family visit she was accused of plotting to overthrow iran's government british airways and air france have announced they're suspending flights to iran's capital tehran from next month in a statement british airways says the route is currently not commercially viable united states three impose sanctions this month after pulling out of the two thousand and fifteen deal it's threatening to punish any company doing business there the u.k. government has released its contingency plan and if britain crashes out of the e.u. without a deal the brakes it minister has warned companies that they might face a tangle of red tape border delays and costly credit card payments if the
government fails to negotiate an exit deal with brussels or honestly reports now from london. there was a time during the long saga of brics it's when prime minister to resign may used to say maybe it is best to do no deal for britain is better than a bad deal for britain so i said on many occasions that no deal is better than a bad deal by which she meant that falling out of the european union without a trade deal was better than one which didn't reflect the referendum results but now it's becoming clear what no deal might look like and it's giving people the shivers food shortages if fresh produce rots at the border already stockpiling tins is actively being talked about would airports close down heathrow has borrowed a billion dollars to protect itself against grounded flights would no deal in economic collapse because businesses without taking the contingency plans big money factures would close up shop they'd need to be e.c.c. started leave on mass the pound which tumble as we've never seen before with the
government survived things like giant manufacturers shutting down and moving out does the government even have a plan breakfasters those who want a clean break with the european union this myth all of this is what they call project fear a deliberate attempt to undermine a democratic vote to leave the e.u. it will be absolutely fine they say and indeed some argue that the little economic hardship is a price worth paying for the u.k. to regain its sovereignty or no deal breadth it would test that theory to destruction the first batch of advice from government calls on businesses to protect themselves from a new pile of red tape and bureaucracy that currently doesn't exist the nervous looking minister spent much time wiping the sweat from his top lip is of course in relation to those in the current. trading links with the e.u. they'll be some extra changes that they'll need to be advised of the sensible thing
to do is to give practical advice and work with them to make that a success come with a. me and to get that thing. this sense of impending disaster the idea that politicians are fiddling while the u.k. birds struck many is sufficiently surreal that it has a view this video comparing it to the titanic disaster perhaps the very best expression of people's worst fears anything could happen nothing can be ruled out don't sleep al-jazeera in the. first thirty eight years since the end of a national literacy campaign in nicaragua tens of thousands of young people set off to live in rural areas to teach people how to read and write if it was seen as largely successful but as john holdren reports now it hasn't created the opportunities that many had hoped for. of the hard fighting of the revolution this was naked i was new start. they called it the literacy
crusade in one nine hundred eighty ninety five thousand people many of them youngsters headed to the country's most isolated regions to help the whole for the population that couldn't read or write it became a national obsession built around uniting rich and poor young and old eighteen year old gabriella trek to the small village of glasgow skeeters she stayed for five months and among others francisco them forty she'd never been to school. no one knew how to read it was the saddest thing i remember when she was with us i was so happy and so sad when she left my girls gone i say. on this day thirty eight years ago the crusade finished many consider it the revolution's greatest triumph literacy rate soared it changed a generation feliks then only eleven was one of the youngest volunteers. we thought
with the triumph of the revolution everything was possible that we could do anything and the crusade was just the first step. but the volunteers we took to feel that things didn't work out that way the party of the revolution is in power but it's accused of eroding the country's democracy and in the last four months imprisoning and even killing some of those who oppose it the son that he's still has a fair amount of support. for years after they first took power is a testament to the floor and the idealism of those good things to have like he was . when gabriela looks back on this the anniversary of the crusade it's with sadness at a great plan going over i. don't know. we didn't struggle and sacrifice ourselves for that at the. the seed of the value of fighting for its rights in the last four months of the political crisis those rights are being crushed by the government i
feel that it's a losing sight of what was once the revolutions dream amid the country's current troubles the dreamers that the revolution can at least hold on to a time they say has shaped them for life john home and. the man i was. just so little nudge in the direction of our web site al jazeera dot com is the address all the stories that we're covering right there plenty of comment and analysis to al-jazeera dot com. so then a reminder the top stories here on al-jazeera and yemen's who say at least thirty one people have been killed in saudi led airstrikes he t.v. is reporting warplanes targeted a camp for internally displaced people in one day does it during humi district and most of the victims are children and fisher has more from neighboring djibouti what appears to have happened is that there was an attack in the area although this
district now according to state media that was carried out by the fighters and killed one child then a number of hours later there was a strike by the saudi led coalition on account for intensely displaced people essentially refugees from the war in other parts of yemen who'd moved here to try and seek safety and that killed thirty one people including twenty children the united nations is a latin american countries to ease entry restrictions for venezuelans fleeing an economic crisis peru and ecuador announced last week they wouldn't let in venezuelans without a passport more than four hundred twenty thousand have entered it could all this year many planning to continue south to peru colombia has granted temporary residency to another eight hundred thousand venezuela. donald trump has warned that there would be an economic crash if he is impeached the u.s. president has been on the defensive following the prosecution of two former top
aides one of those aides is for lawyer michael cohen implicated trump in a crime when he pleaded guilty to breaking campaign finance laws saying he did so at trump's direction ugandan popstar an opposition politician has been charged with treason just minutes after he was freed by a military court but he wind was transferred from military detention to civilian custody on thursday the government has denied accusations he was beaten in custody . south africa has accused donald trump of inflaming racial tensions not the u.s. president tweeted about alleged land seizures from white farmers trump says he's our secretary of state might pump a few to study land and farms easier than what he described as the large scale killing of farmers in south africa many experts say there is no evidence to suggest white farmers are being targeted all right now today with headlines here on the odds are coming up next it is the stream by for.
in the stream today we continue our series on the digitals view so what does an indigenous superhero actually look like why does that representation matter i really could be allowed there is a lot to discuss today and i'll be looking out for your comments and your questions online. stream or join our you tube chop. in the director of the american. university of colorado in new york.
indigenous representation in mainstream popular culture usually relegated to subplots mistakes or shamans making a brief appearance to impart some kind of wisdom indigenous community is often used to represent backwardness and complex histories of rich cultures over joost and romanticize but have a look and asked studio we have back stories and characters for indigenous and first nation communities. conceived brought to us by indigenous artists and storytellers really well superhero stories and more are now being written by and for indigenous communities not tone down not furthering stereotypes they are instead building representation have a look at aragon star a kickapoo singer and writer and creator of the super indian comic series this is what you have to say. the reason i created super indian was because i was tired of seeing negative stereotypes about native americans in mainstream comics i wanted to
create a character that had native american authenticity and also you know within the artwork and also within the rating as for the future of our indigenous superheroes i predict that there are going to be way more than there are now there are going to be more complex mar shades of grey they'll have access to a lot of high tech they'll be futurism so it's going to be great stick around you're going to want to see what we do. are against if i have a decent time if you can come and see here thank you for that great start to rush oh there's so much to talk about donuts from albuquerque new mexico we have lee francis he's the c.e.o. publisher of native realities he also founded the indigenous comic con that's how the new mexico in the united states in silverdale washington state jeffrey very edgy is a native american comic artist and designer and in winnipeg canada sonja ballantine
is a writer and filmmaker welcome to the stream all of you so i love this what does that . get so yeah that is the wrong way to start with conversation doing it right back to you so when it comes to indigenous comic influences our community has a lot to say and we asked them which character stand out for them erin writes in there is gateway from the x. men series and for our audience that isn't familiar with gateway this is him from the marble fandom universe he's an indigenous australian and this is a closer look at gateway li is this character stand out for you when it comes to a good indigenous superhero. i think there's a bunch of things that i thing where that where i really appreciate the ways in which. you know a lot of stuff that came out of marvel and folks because you were writing or drawing that but. you know i think even to my you know my my business relations
there's still control units around the character you know the idea of of. you know sort of that aboriginal. you know the things that we've seen throughout their history being used to sort of the power base i think is a double edged sword and i think that that's you know what we've really been trying to just be about really intentional about in in our representations not only through what we publish but also when we're trying to bring in you know compare everybody like we actually of these positions. so now i want to show you a cow it took from your childhood it is the green power ranger i have him here on my laptop when i show you well the green power ranger how on earth is he connected talk conversation that we're having right now tell us well well i found out recently that. tommy oliver was supposed to be wes is an indigenous character and i i didn't know that when i was a child i no i don't either. i know if i knew that as
a kid because i was like he was the most popular ranger and still is one of the most popular power injures and i'm like he was in a bit like that so who looked. like i think that's one of my one of my clever introduces bait is. secretly native when i have a credit talk about how i consider spock from star trek a native person listening really ok yeah and it's really interesting to me to have that aspect this because like who else could deal with being both vulcan and human being and having so i was like of course he will never found out what his mom. is so mike ok she's created i decided it i say oh it's like i'm like you i've always associated spark just being because my my father's non-native and my mom's do so coming from two worlds you are. yeah. that's a great compliment. but yeah i feel the same way i've always felt like spock was
a kindred spirit yeah that's one of the big things for me with spock is that he's both feeling with not being vulcan and not i'm not being human enough and i've always felt that one aspect of native the native experience not being native enough because you can't speak your own language but not being white enough because you're so different everybody else so it's like i don't know anderson why there aren't more nicci people like native people into star trek i felt like the only one for a long time when i was a kid. but what i'm going to ask the two. like i did i felt that we would like you know my dad was just like a super cycle i think and and so it was i think it was this wonderful precedent that was set in our household is like being native nurture being native tear was not something that was foreign to me and especially like reading comics like that was a huge reader so didn't matter if you know i was going out reading comics it was like
you know you got something because you're going to read and that's awesome and you know i mean this stuff it was like cool there's now i like over the past couple years like a look at all these native nerds will be there around right now. i met currently reading an article about. visiting cons and the most of the con in my city did not have very many native people going to it until very recently and it's it felt like that again when i was a little kid being the only star trek nerd in northern manitoba it's of like oh my god like i'm the only one wire there anymore but just like and so it's very cool to see that it's becoming more acceptable to be a nerd because where some of the nerdiest people in the world so i don't know why i had this well i would have it out is that all right guys let's let's let's get some juice out of here what makes an indigenous superhero fantasy what are the ingredients that you need tad to make them native fascination indigenous. well our
one of the first ones i think is like a lot of a lot of superheroes in general suffer loss and that always made such a big impact on me because i'm like well why. as indigenous people we have suffered so much loss and asked so why aren't we indigenous why aren't we superheroes yet like asking for a man who has lost this planet wonder woman lost her home because she had to leave right a man lost his family and it's like why i think this is so it's so easily transferred to us i don't understand why we aren't heroes yet in that universe. so i don't know what you're saying there sonja about what you see a superhero having in their background but unfortunately our audience says too often they look like this this is a lean on twitter saying often they're limiting depictions of natives to old mystical indian or noble savage stereotypes and that's incredibly harmful and leads people to believe that we're stuck in the past and capable of adapting to modern
times and alina goes on to say there are certain spiritual and ceremonial aspects that are also seen as a private thing and many native cultures so they can't be accurately depicted in comics which leads to bad and or append indian depictions of spirituality even when this is a part of the character's a background so jeffrey i wonder if you can pick up on that the heart. and i think lee touched on that a little bit earlier when he talks about it's a double edged sword we have some fantastic things fantastic symbolism fantastic spirituality in our culture when it's misrepresented the way it has been it becomes either a really bad cliche or a bad negative stereotype so when you have a native creator coming in there and he's in fusing his or her culture into his characters people might see that is oh that's just adding the stereotype with the reality is you know this is how it's properly done jeffrey.
you know i was. it's going to add to i think that partly if it's about the lived experience when it's a non-native writer what they're looking at is the binge range feathers and food right so they're going to out the truth because it looks cool and i like cool characters i think they're really i mean you know there's there's really amazing things that can come out of that from the imagination but when i write and i write characters in the people that we try to engage each. oh yeah. i hear what you're saying. to me it's i'm just going to jump over to something for a moment because you're talking about creating characters so new this is exactly what you've been doing have a look here this is kerry barry lynn it's a children's book. they want how does that fit into what we're talking about right now because you're creating characters that work for other people like you and young's describing up right now i think a lot of my work is autobiography autobiographical in terms of like i write and
i write with. what i want to see when i was a little kid and so i write with that intention always and sometimes it. i'm really surprised by how non-stereotypical things could come out for me or sometimes so your typical things could come about and so like i'm creating a superhero right now called thunderbird who was in my first film and there's a whole section where they create her costume and the entity that is or cost you know decides that it likes a mole so it makes her costume look like a. design and there's a whole scene where maggie who is the founder bird she says like what i'm creating i can't have a height across the human like her or her sentience symbol symbiont cos there was like no no it's fine well we'll deal with this later and i'm like oh crap so it's like coming up with stuff that got me angry to you as a kid like well and i hated seeing fathers i hated being seen as lake shy i and or
apache when i am a creep person so it's like i really want to eliminate that pan indian idea sure jeffrey you are people who know some of your stories i know some of your out how do you approach knowing that you come with you come to the table with some real integrity and then what do you do with your art. he walked gingerly and boldly at the same time. i want people to see that the native voice is behind and out but i also want to see the characters he said their characters just as much as they're mine they're part of our pop culture history and so that recognition is there soon as you see that and whether you're native or you're not this is just me showing a native voice to these characters and i've been honored and lucky enough to be able to work on very a lot of the ones that i had loved as a child it's just been fantastic journey for me. any idea when.
alien life is you know mark you've made before that was one of my favorite pieces of art that i ever saw like and the way you say i posted on twitter too but i love the superman the way you do it because to me superman is a native person like in all aspects except skin color so it's like seeing that almost made me want to cry cause i'm like i did. you know like i said i be honest i just want to have fun but i also want people to know where i'm come from and i'm proud of where i come from natives we have a rich culture we have much to offer the world and we're just people are just now starting to recognize it and see the tip for that giant iceberg that's just looming out there waiting for us to explode on the world and yet i feel let the problem teach this because and. in regards to last i feel that we often felt that seeing native people relegated to the past made us feel so strange in terms of how like
well i'm a modern native but i don't exist in the media so a lake and my weird and so seeing pretty creature ready creatures nerdy natives on t.v. was something that was really cool to me because i lost my mind there's a show in canada called corner gas that has an indigenous character named davis who is a priest police sergeant and there's this whole conversation you has where he's talking that you're off. another person in need and he's talking about battlestar galactica and i was like oh. yeah but so i love those little jim just yank things you love that you love seeing them. oh yeah and it's so much better and i love that aiello is our native american. so i want to jump in here because i want to bring our community back in this is a conversation that if you are having about why it's important to have indigenous
creators behind the scenes so i wish i had on twitter says marvel they have a newer character out and they said that marvel has a bigger responsibility then to hire native writers and artists their most recent character is based on innuit culture and they did consult with a native person for it but consultation is not enough it's a free pass that they did their homework so that's a critique and i'll show you that character in just a moment but i want to bring this tweet in next because dale here on the other side of that debate says we as native writers and illustrators now have the resources to publish and distribute on our own terms we no longer have to wait for anyone to give us permission or give us room at events like comic-con we're changing it our selves so you can see the marvel character behind me but leah i want to go to you with this conversation talking about is it the duty of these bigger houses like marvel or d.c. comics to include these voices or is it up to indigenous communities themselves. i
think we make our own path and we know that there's a market through there. and how we're going to go after that but i also think that my main thing and i agree with you on that is that too often we've been serving it open in these ways you know listen jack is amazing you know and should be should have remarked right like it would covers we've been. we don't need we we're losing a little bit of you i'm so sorry about that let me just show you what part of what he does he has a bookstore the is dedicated to indigenous comics and fantasy and graphic novels and some of the tunnels a really important titles then more important titles but i want to point out a couple of them we have code talkers here and them we have to deal women of and
yet these are stories that are really important that to be told in the not the kind of so is the off to make into comics. yeah yeah i think this is we're going to make our own ways it was the reason we wanted to. work that i've been able to be a part of i was going to wait around for anybody we just decided to start publishing and start a comic on an open. got it yeah. i actually wanted to go to comic-con when i first heard of it and my first film actually played there and i was so upset i couldn't go because like that wasn't i made my first film crash site with the intention of it going to places like indigenous comic-con and so it's really important to me that these places exist but yeah i agree with reed that we often had to make our make our own way into these events because there's and there's a thirst for this work but i think there's a lot of problems with places like marvel or d.c.
where they're like well that's true nisha of a market like who are people other than native people going to buy these books and it's it's such a it seems like it's such a wall we still have to climb because i'm like you know with the success of things like black panther people don't believe like the big places the big publishing houses don't believe that there's chances of success with such a market. so in your own way i want to pivot on not because we got this comic live on you tube this is the walker who says why do we need fictional superheroes only those who feel inferior need heroes only those who feel inferior see others as super so that's an interesting comment there he's getting a lot of the this person is getting a lot of feedback on you tube a lot of superhero in our community to. keep that in mind keep this point in mind because i want to play a video comment from jay who's that algonquin artist and a writer out of canada and this is why he says we need the superheroes. quick james and there's the guns hello my name is jay odrick and i got good writer artist
producer comic creator from a killing on c.b.s. not a community i wrote and drew created a graphic novel called could go either even though i was leader of the after the two television series that airs in canada and the united states and australia also drew book called black lives my author robert much there was a national bestseller you can why does representation matter simply put we can't let our kids and business children and people of color grow up in a world where the only way they ever see themselves represented in the media and pop culture is that's the bad guys or even worse the comic relief so if you're thinking about a career in comics you might get involved in the media we need your voice now more than ever because right now anything's possible if i did it so can you so i look forward to watching your shows reading your books get in the mix we need you piece . yeah jay's said it will cause i wish he had been on here because i wanted to tell him how much i wished it had existed when i was a kid as if i'd seen that i would have like lost my mind i'm like this thing that
brought a kid out to read. like a fairy to yell but it was so cool to see like i think we need heroes because. no one asks why people need superman nobody asks why we need bad memory just do because they inspire us to aim higher and i think. at lake with the three of aspect we're kind of inspiring younger kids to go into it because i didn't see any writers growing up that were native and it's really important to me to show kids that they can be thanked other than nurses and doctors and lawyers like we can be a lot of different thank you so it's so important to me see that. i think heroes are important because they reflect who we are they are the epitome of what we hope to be as as a people as per people they they are that you're they are. so you have a native hero you want that native hero to put in my eyes everything that is great wonderful about our culture we need those the symbols of champions of who where we
come from different you know what i was thinking about was i was looking you were looking at the amazing at least been doing and the sun has been doing is that from my study of those two cultures and different communities indigenous communities that culture the history the spiritual physicians has so much better stronger more amazing well magical than any superhero story that i've ever seen or read in the culture what do you need made us and that's what i think you owe me. anything that i've ever seen in d.c. all malvo all and any of those big mainstream ones you have those superheroes already culture who already doing magical things and not even magical things this is what they did and i think that's where we're heading i think we're certain to see that right now i think that if you look back at a lot of the lot of the heroes that we we see that the comic pages today derive from stories greek myths different other mythologies still we're now allowed
because of waves things are today we're allowed to share and build off of our own culture and our own mythologies and develop worlds and heroes and villains the way we see and the way that we from the stories that we know and we're just start to see that i you know jeff and i want to bring this in from amanda she's a teacher and she's uses indigenous comics in her teaching material she says my students are mostly non-native and they have very little knowledge about living indigenous peoples we climb this hill together to bring them into reality and a better understanding and i often start with a collection like moonshot might start with six killer she gives a couple examples and says just reading and engaging with comments by indigenous writers and authors reverses student expectations the native peoples are no longer here. and the resulting discussion usually lacks defensiveness so limited that to you because this is important for all audiences she's saying yeah yeah big it is
six it was my my work and i wanted to sense you know native folks that are better done that's another part of think that we've been trying to accomplish with this work in a manner points out a lot of other folks pointed out is that the pop culture representations of native people sort of get stuck in the western and various western motifs and so what you end up with is is this a if. it was. liza true jeffrey you can finish the sentence and all right. so i think it might happen that there might be this tension happening between mainstreaming comics and graphic novels and then what you want to do as an artist who happened to be indigenous and you would be seen that fight or can everybody want to get a free and sunny oh i think i think everybody can work together if we have a healthy respect towards each and every culture that it's possible that. it's
being done we just need to see more of it so. yes i agree with with that like people were thinking that black panther the movie was all they could have before people of africa and the santo are black are people that are black but everybody from a variety of cultures love that movie like i remember seeing it and i almost started around dance in the theater so i saw a lot of my own culture in that movie and like the importance of our own stuff and so i believe that level yet any representation of any group that isn't just a default cajun is like something that we all love i think people feel that just because it's just one of the tiny slyness words and yet it's open to people who so talented and then fuse us to kids julie jeffrey and sonia thank you for being part of the story today thank you make you will end on you tube in january who says there are so many superheroes in our communities that are on song and comics are
how we hope for youth to imagine new heroes from a cultural base thank you say once for watching we will see you next time take everybody. desperate for a better life millions of people have sought refuge in europe sometimes their dreams of sexually are realized but sometimes disenchantment and hostility drives them home in the first of two films on these contrasting experiences people in power goes to the north german city where humane approach to integration is crucial
. surprisingly effective. assimilation nation on al-jazeera. when people need to be heard. it's been refugio muslim is long it's not. sure and the story needs to be told we do stories that have been. testifying to make sure that the bad guys behind al-jazeera has teams on the ground to put new documentaries and live news on and on. and on instantly shifting news cycle the regime change in america tweet the listening post takes polls and questions the while to me the devil will be of the details the kind that cannot be conveyed in two hundred eighty characters or fewer exposing how the press operates it is their language of their culture it's their context and why certain stories take precedence while others are ignored we can
have a better understanding of how news is created we're going to have a better understanding of what. the listening post on al-jazeera. hello i'm devika pollen and london and these are the top stories and. the rebels say dozens of children have been killed in saudi let air strikes in yemen the t.v. is reporting warplanes targeted a cab for internally displaced people and what they did to us. district our correspondent alan fischer is in neighboring djibouti with the latest. well we're just trying to put together what exactly has happened in yemen over the last
couple of hours speaking to local journalists and trying to find out from local sources what appears to happened is that there was an attack in the goal of area of this district and we are told by united arab emirates state media that that was carried out by the fighters and it killed one child then a couple of hours later we saw another attack and account for internally displaced people essentially refugees from the war in other parts of yemen who moved to this place to try and get some safety attack we are told killed thirty one people including more than twenty children local journalists are quoting the health ministry in sanaa as confirmation of those numbers that this attack comes just two weeks after the saudi like coalition attacked a school bus which killed fifty people including forty children now it was alleged that it was a u.s. missile that was used in that attack and that led to questions across the united states from many politicians wondering why the u.s. was still supporting the saudi led operations in yemen and if this attack this
latest attack proves to be a so if you like coalition operation using american missiles that will only increase the calls for the u.s. to get out of the conflict in yemen we've also heard in the last couple of hours from the answer rula movement linked to that with these and they say that new blood has been spilled in yemen new child's blood has been spilled in yemen before the blood of the previous attack had even begun to dry. the u.n. is urging latin american countries to ease entry restrictions for venezuelans fleeing the economic crisis there in ecuador announced last week they wouldn't let venezuelans in without a passport more than four hundred twenty thousand have entered ecuador this year many planning to continue south to colombia has granted temporary residency to another eight hundred thousand men surveillance. u.s. president donald trump has responded to speculation about the possibility of
impeachment as two former aides face jail time former lawyer michael cohen implicated trump in a federal crime when he pleaded guilty to breaking campaign finance laws saying he did so at trump's direction and an interview with the fox news channel trump said there would be an economic crash if he were no longer president i don't know how you can impeach somebody who's done a great job for you i'll tell you what if i ever got a ph i think the market would pressure i think everybody would be very poor. because without this thinking you would see that you would see members that you would believe meanwhile president trump has renewed his attacks on attorney general jeff sessions trump says sessions has never taken control of the justice department sessions hit back saying his department will not be improperly influenced by political considerations sessions was an early supporter of trump's presidential bid but trump has since accused him of failing to protect him from special counsel
robert miller's investigation into russian interference in the twenty sixteen election. and south africa has accused donald trump of inflaming racial tensions after the president tweeted about alleged land seizures from white farmers trump says he's our secretary of state mike pompei a to study land and farm seizures and acts appropriations and the large scale killing of farmers in south africa but many experts say there's no evidence to suggest white farmers are being targeted a garden popstar an opposition politician has been charged with treason just minutes after he was freed by a military court was transferred from military detention to civilian custody on thursday the government has denied accusations he's been beaten in custody although he was seen limping on crutches as he left the courts well those are the headlines stay with us now for slavery roots that's the program next.
this is the story of a world whose territories and borders were drawn by the slave trade a world where violence subjugation and profit imposed their roots. this criminal system shaped our history on the island of south told me the portuguese invented an economic model with unprecedented profitability the sugar plantation. in doing so she discovered she was to. all of us the c.e.o. almighty as a. director of us to cook. the sixteenth century by then all of europe was trying to imitate them. a quest for profits would plunge
a whole continent into chaos and violence. nearly thirteen million africans were thrown on to new slavery routes to the new world where the english the french and the dutch hope to become wealthy immensely. because the caribbean has the same geographical and climatic features a south pole may eventually became the crossroads of the slavery were its. nowadays these islands are synonymous with holidays. the sweet life sunshine and nature killing mythical memories of a lost paradise. confine themselves to the beaches of santander.
but they could easily cross the threshold that separates the islands to realities. of. skeletons were exam within yards of the bathers. between five hundred in one thousand graves are still buried beneath the sand. beach is one of the fifteen slave cemeteries that have been excavated among the thousand that exist in the caribbean. eighty nine skeletons were exam for study by the archaeologists of the national institute for preventive archaeological research judging by the state of their bones the
archeologists concluded that these men and women had not reached the age of thirty . their death sugar plantations had so deformed their bodies that they looked like seventy five year olds. these people were guinea pigs for the sugar experiment the collateral damage of an unprecedented commercial war the sugar war. seventy four percent of all slaves carried off. because of sugar if you want to understand the slave trade you just need to know but show. more dicta of them pepper or cinnamon sugar spread throughout europe like wildfire from the seventeenth century on this rare and expensive food went to people's heads in the sun all of london amsterdam and paris sugar fever abounds leading a new generation of adventurers to do anything to have their piece of the pie. shipowners merchants and pirates everyone knew that to produce sugar you need a lot of slaves. in this one john hawkins was one of these new entrepreneurs for
whom only profits matter. was privateer was a pioneer the first to understand that you could make a fortune by shipping black captives to the new world he convince queen elizabeth the first to lend him a ship the jesus of new back. for the expedition hawkins conspicuously set the tone by choosing a trussed up black man as his coat of arms. i confirm your rule mine is i will respond to you a profit of forty thousand mosques without causing offense to any of your friends and allies i will operate this enterprise for the benefit of your power if you give me your agreement the expedition i propose involves saving me was to get me on sunday in the west indies in exchange for gold that never was but i intend to bring back in abundance.
sixteen twenty a century after sugar plantations were introduced in brazil the atlantic became the battleground for the sugar war holland england in france wanted to break spain in portugal had germany over the new world they call eyes the caribbean an archipelago suitable for cultivating sugar. the dutch took over curse el centro stations and some of. the french sunda mang loop mark ne. and grenada. the english prevailed in the bahamas jamaica and barbados and dominica. only cuba and puerto rico remained under spanish rule after the extermination of the arawak indians the first sugar canes flourished on this fertile land. the caribbean became a space of conquest for the europeans very early on really was the first place the columbus landed in the new world the first place that the spanish began to search for gold and the first place they began to enslave the indians so they were
thorough going spaces created by design of european planters and imperial policy makers and for their profit right there aren't so many places where you can completely overlay a territory like that so there are in some ways the caribbean is a space where you find the purest of colonial territories where the masters of the space actually get to create the space to suit their own needs. in guadalupe every plot of land every single square inch of ground contains traces of this violent and deeply rooted history. and way. today all that is left of the sugar war is a field of ruins. of
the two hundred fifty sugar refinery is active in the late nineteenth century only to remain in operation. in two thousand and seventeen. in rep archaeologists examine the remains of the son shocked residents and sugar refinery. a mill stock rooms and three rows of so-called negro huts where hundreds of slaves used to be confined. in this concentration camp like universe man was but one tool among others he was a mechanized emaciated body consumed by work until his last breath. both the time in which the slaves were digging the cane holes and the times in which their harvesting are really the peak of the labor on a.