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tv   Ancient Enemy  Al Jazeera  November 12, 2018 3:00pm-4:01pm +03

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the sultan in istanbul was the kaleb of islam the leader of the muslim world. whichever side you were on there was a close bond with the calle of respect and loyalty for him across the arab world. and incident later in the war illustrated this clearly. the british captured seven hundred iraqi soldiers in one thousand nine hundred seventeen and sent them to egypt. the british offer to free the person as if they'd support an arab revolt against the ultimate led by sorry for saying of mecca but few iraqis accepted most were uneasy at the idea of challenging the caylus. books such as the one thousand nine hundred thirty eight work by george antonius the arab revolt exaggerated the support of sharif hussein's one thousand nine hundred sixteen revolt against the ottomans and exaggerated and painted a very negative image of on him in
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a rule of four hundred years of ottoman rule and even many european colonialists tended to denigrate the ottoman past and to the point of referring to it as so despotic and backward that it almost welcomed the arrival of european colonialism. the ultimo army was also diverse in november nine hundred fourteen up to three hundred thousand of their troops were arabs from greater syria. of the army's nine most senior commanders two were all brainy and two from the caucasus and two arab. and in politics saeed halim pasha the grand vizier all prime minister was from egypt. the british had to find a way to challenge this holy bond between the kaleb in istanbul and his loyal arab muslim citizens. they approached hussein bin ali the sheriff of mecca
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he was a descendent of the prophet muhammad leader of the hush of my people and ruler of islam's most holy place. the british thought he alone could challenge the kayleigh from istanbul. but it would not be straightforward. on the eve of world war one most arabs were largely supportive of the ottoman empire. they regarded it as a protector of the an islamic identity in an era of expanding european colonialism even many arab christians and jews especially after one thousand nine hundred eight welcomed the liberal reforms and wrote glowingly hand out the of these reforms and have these iraq and rarely ever call for independence for the arab people. to nineteen away it was a significant here in this unfolding story that was when the new leaders of the
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committee of union and progress the young turks staged a coup removing sultan our bill from me the second from power. they started ours in ninety eight with a project of trying to. get there on the basis of course. but it is same time found themselves in the position of trying to defend it maintain them. it gains more reporting fortunes and it is new nationalist a presence well within. when the young turks reconvened parliament they created optimism in the arab world but this soon turned to disillusionment. over all they may not have intended it that they found themselves fighting to me and petri. from nine hundred eleven on this front. italy's in the nation only on
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once then came the balkan wars and then there came the great and did this change this chance phones the initial act of promising and bringing freedom to not peoples into one of the nineteen in. defeat in the balkans harden the young turks and they tighten their grip on their arab possessions the mark on wars of nine hundred twelve thirteen and catastrophe defeat and finally the action from what had been blocked alkaloids brought about and do not respond to jump in the development and education of turkish nationalists and also they became more and more dictatorial. the young turks had hoped to stay out of the war and ally themselves with britain and france but neither of these two countries would go against russia so they were not an option. besides the ultimate
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and germany had a history of friendship. vilhelm the second first visited istanbul in eight hundred eighty nine to befriend sultan. nine years later he landed at five on a state visit to the ultimate east. he made a ceremonial entry into jerusalem. and visited the tomb in damascus of salahuddin the famous mediæval muslim oreo who defeated the crusaders. there was mass celebration when he announced the germany would pay for the renovation of his grave. the kaiser also declared his friendship of the world's three hundred million muslims and gained the nickname haji vilhelm so germany was
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a natural ally. but the young turks were also gambling that the european war might be over quickly. at the time there were theories and. prospect of voice in europe that in fact the civilized european powers would not fight each other for very long that this was a crisis but a cry for that might. come to an end funeral rather than later ultimately that there would be able to favor the alliance with germany which they had signed for seven years not necessarily protection but an alliance with germany that would help the ottoman state to consolidate its. its borders its institution and to restrain from in that period under which they would have germany as an ally
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. however germany needed this deal as much as the ultimates. and. they were outnumbered on the ground in europe and could open new eastern fronts against russia and the british. the german general eric wrote that ultimate entry into the war enabled the central powers to soldier on for another two years otherwise the war might well have been over by nine hundred sixteen. this is the house in istanbul of on water pasha he led the secret negotiations with germany on behalf of the young turk or unionist government. here on the night of the first of august one thousand nine hundred fourteen he secured his treaty of alliance.
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and wapato was a fan of everything german he spoke the language trained in military college there and admired the way chancellor autobahn bismarck had modernized the state. they had enormous admiration for passion is for be spark in is and for the germans on that rick germany had to follow its own special path and it was envisioned as and it became a path in which the german military the german army played god to the nation and the state it was perceived and it really was true to a large extent that the german nation and the german state were called forth in a very strong sense by prussia and the pression army and this is what the spark in his was all about the union ists perceive themselves as poor shewing a kind of pressure. path in the context of feltham an empire. i did wasn't just the
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young turks who had ma germany some arabs were impressed by its achievements national unity military expansion scientific research and economic development. the lebanese wanted to islay month idea go to a poem called a twentieth century book. while in a minute feat he said told me he had to get to sit. down in fear and if you gave me a small. lengthy believe me i did get on. the move for whom one looked to solve the problem for more status.
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in august one hundred fourteen on one person's treaty was still a secret. but in the second week of november came the formal ultimate entry into the war. and the grand mufti has called for muslims to join a jihad against the own powers of the mosque in istanbul. it was a call for a holy war to old listenings including arabs who supported the canaan. the germans believed that this cold could undermine their enemies war efforts. there were millions of muslims in the british and french colonies where the germans hoped for mass uprisings. they launched a campaign to influence muslims fighting for the allies. it was led by german lawyer diplomat and ancient historian. of his obviously very dear to
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his heart because of his german pictures and so on. and his interest in the middle east but in a very specific way by eight hundred ninety nine. was it had a reputation as an experienced and really very well informed travel are. open haim was an adventurer and archaeologist but was also involved in planning the route of the balland to baghdad railway. the german government wanted to build the line to compete with the british to give them access to oil and bring the region under stronger influence. nothing unusual about the fact that siemens who was then the director of the dogshit bank which was largely in charge of the financing of the border into baghdad really should contact him about
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the extension of the line from a low. to mosul has fought that particular strange and he asked him if he would do some prospecting and advise them on what was the best route and he wrote about all the advantages the the best and most efficient lying to fall for the railroad and all the advantages that would accrue from following this route rather than that route. after troubleshooting for siemens at deutsche bank he made a historic archaeological discovery in northern syria in one thousand nine hundred nine. it was in a certain sense by accident that he made the greatest discovery of his career that she discovered tell her laugh. because really what he was trying to do was do this perspective on his own. on officially for the village of baghdad really and she
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did write he did write a brief to report and devoted many more pages of that of their poor it to boot from all it put towards who'll then he did it to that he had discovered to tell how often. open haim returns to excavate laugh in one thousand and seven and discovered a city built in six thousand b.c. . the bell into baghdad will be took thirty seven years to complete by which time the europe would be at war again. still to come the devastating impact of the war on greater syria and its people. we think about world war one we think about the british and french and the germans but really the ottoman empire suffered far more than any of the continental powers
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. the terror. facts of the ottoman repression of our of nationalists. delusions along the way. and a modern greek city and eight story of one of the founders of israel. and jordan centuries of ultimate all of this was mainly the jewish city it was called the jews a limb of the baltics. capturing a moment in time. snapshots of other lives. other stories. providing a glimpse into someone else's wild. inspiring documentaries from impassioned filmmakers. witness
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documentaries to open your eyes. on al-jazeera. growing up in the united states i learned that the first amendment is willing to be against the freedom of the challenge of point of view that men and women are the resources that are available what makes an al-jazeera story is that we just don't tell you what the subject of the story wants you to know the government is not going to do the one thing the demonstrators want to apologize for that's what al-jazeera does we ask the questions that we can get closer to the truth a disease so stigmatized that those suffering are still shunned by society people is drawn from their penley from the related from their wives and then they don't have a place in the room waar can be done so that they are no longer outcasts in it and community al-jazeera meets the health workers who are challenging al-qaeda attitudes and working tirelessly to combat leprosy in india lifelines ancient
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enemy on al-jazeera. how low we still have on subtle weather affecting a good part of the middle east at the moment is in place is a cloud of brightness that i would say was the western side of the himalayas fair but a cloud that just spilling off the mediterranean sea this little area of stormy weather also just pushing through iraq into iran heading towards the caspian making its way into western parts of iran and i will continue to be the case is because through the next day oh so i suppose some places a cloud right around could see some showers along the spells of right spot he writes a with some snow wave towards the east of the region i further west well even some place in places of right once again into lebanon maybe into jordan to say something to watch out for and still a little list to make out why south across the apostle saudi arabia we had some
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violent storms here in qatar has we went through some dice and really unsettled weather that's still not too far away from monday actually hopefully it will just not just well little for the north woods and east was dry weather coming to the heart of temperatures struggling if we can call it that to get to about twenty eight degrees celsius more in the way of sunshine around about the high twenty's to which a good part of southern africa lots of dry weather lots of sunshine but a cloud just making its way it was that eastern side of madagascar. stories of life. and inspiration. a series of short documentaries from around the wound. that celebrate the human spirit. against the arts.
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the al-jazeera selects hunted. the latest news as it breaks the world bank says arrival of many young migrants could be beneficial for the colombian economy with detailed coverage by turning back on bilateral ties with iran what president donald trump has done is to show people there will be no blurred lines between friends and enemies from around the world a big group of pro independents cannot told the play station that they stood on the side killing for placement it's like. this is all desire i'm dead with a check on your world headlines a commander of the military wing of hamas has been killed in an israeli raid in
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gaza six other palestinians and an israeli soldier died during that attack in qana eunice the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has cut short his visit to paris to return to israel harry faucet has more from west jerusalem. and israeli covert special forces team was inside gaza territory three kilometers inside from the border fence traveling in a civilian vehicle and that it carried out an attack in which a senior commander of the hamas military wing the office on brigades in qana yunus . a man called noor baraka was shot and killed at least was was killed in this operation a thirty seven year old senior commander the new york times is reporting top saudi intelligence officials close to the crown prince discussed using private companies to assassinate iranian enemies it says inquiries were made to a smaller group to a small group of businessmen last year street battles have brought chaos to
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residential areas in yemen's main port city of her data a pro-government alliance backed by the saudi america coalition is trying to seize control from the rebels thousands of civilians are trapped by the fighting and britain's foreign secretary will travel to saudi arabia on monday to call for justice and accountability for the family of murdered journalist. jeremy hunt is the first u.k. minister to visit since he was killed at the saudi consulate in istanbul more than a month ago there also be a focus on ending the war in the yemen commemorations have been held around the world to mark a hundred years since the end of the first world war francis presidents of money went back home tributes to the twenty million people who died in the conflicts a recounts begun in the u.s. state of florida efforts to keep positions of the midterm elections in the races for governor the u.s. senate in the first count two republican candidates held a slight lead. firefighters in california say they've only managed to contain ten
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percent of the fire burning in los angeles county at least thirty one people have died and hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to leave their homes firefighters expect hot and windy weather conditions in the next three days those are the headlines it's back to world war one through arab eyes next on al-jazeera. the chin is even wider one broadcast is looking at the ultimate has rolled in the first world war. when istanbul entered the war in mid november nine hundred fourteen arab troops were forced to fight on both sides. for the ultimate ends and as conscripts for the european allies occupying egypt morocco algeria and gymnasia. hundreds of thousands died.
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egypt was still technically part of the ottoman empire but had been under british occupation since one thousand eighty two. when the ultimate to the war britain declared a protective over egypt. the most populous arab country offered britain one million two hundred thousand recruits in different roles during the war across three continents. five hundred thousand all of them died. ordinary out of people knew this war had little to do with them but were caught up in it. the jordanian capital amman was then
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a greater syria. malik went in search of what happened there. or should he have a say bath of a they here and already look at how to move a shot of that in us of that album yet a jew or a new or a they're not of an old war unless you are a land and a how to be and mass at the corner where. i'll be there army if you give me an one hundred dollars or other man here. in the hall at the end how to cut our own could be. and show me for saying was proved right the young took government appointed passion as governor of greater syria he acted ruthlessly against anyone suspected of arab nationalist sympathies. his nickname was all. the bloodshed. there kenya and of their. general better. to show what kind of her luck they were
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if she was here on little barrier what kind of. a new york having that kind of scary at the end really must have been a bit crowded. in late january one nine hundred fifty. marched alterman troops from greater syria into the sinai peninsula. in february they tried to cross the suez canal east to west. but the british troops guarding the canal good peled the attack and the ottomans withdrew but it was another just war love mary and you're going to just as well appear how it is a player joining the choir the moment are up. but over not gonna while i'm here you're over there. as jamal pasha and the ultimates face defeated su is sheriff hussein's revolt was gaining momentum. the
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british who promised hussein and his family feud to control over the greater arab state in present day syria lebanon palestine and jordan. and the edge of the city to you by a little bit here but a lot of. us about how do you walk us apart. would really only a theory about. it don't let the money and i back when. i'd be about a. mile and with a lot of men. a one would you be going to. burn with a. morning. come and.
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i do assure you i have done or do. during the nine hundred fifty. condemned dozens to death in beirut and damascus he sentenced hundreds to long jail times and sent thousands more into exile. mentioned it was less will settle magazine it was said shraddha move at all but as i've done behind come in visit blood yanni. catalog delusions along the way. but the war did not just affect arab nationalists thousands of men were conscripted crops and livestock were requisitioned arabs
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suffered disastrously in egypt iraq and bill of the shunned greater syria. you know when we think about world war one we think about the western front in the trenches and the british and french and the germans but really the ottoman empire suffered far more than any of the continental powers about nine percent of the german population died about eleven percent of the french population died but anywhere from between fourteen percent and twenty five percent of the arctic population guy. then they'll disappear in mid to them as well didn't it will tell. that i lowered my general yani as well meghann said i'm
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a little iffy yolland of them than it. did the guardian when i became. bad then and. now had a lot of well to be done. he said. no more you need to give me about. the i live job you dk me about you willy de ville a lot of. people saw. me and that khalil believed as there are a hell of a lot. but. it was hella not a lot i'm not to. be. that been imagining to be doing for me. thought i would base out that that there's a. yanni a lead. is said to be.
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around or i'll be your bottom because i have. and they also says i would definitely like. that militia or diane. they answer that physical job i. was in. my moon under me is lebanese she's over one hundred years old. the war also left its mark on her she still remembers how men used to hide or even dress up as women to avoid conscription. but her most painful memory is of the terrible famine. or.
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that you could do it. you have not yet. but farmer was not the only holder the war inflicted on the world. let's start with mesopotamia or iraq with the arrival of six hundred thousand colonial soldiers so these soldiers coming in from for example to other port cities they're all carrying to see typhus cholera dysentery something called a wasting fever which was devastating for you to seizures and coma what a lot of people suffered without ever having gone to the front was contagion and casualty rate from epidemic is much higher than the casualty rate for being at the
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front of the front page that played a role especially as refugees fled from the front and mesopotamia and the caucasus in particular they brought with. us and the fleas lice of course carry typhus and malaria was also a concern. on the battlefield however i'm to the surprise of the european powers the ultimate has proved a valuable german. they'd attack the british if this is can all. defeated the deliberately in one nine hundred fifty. three force the so. render of the indian expeditionary force in mesopotamia in one thousand nine hundred sixteen. they contain challis fostanes arab revolt along the his as railway line. and they force the british
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to fight every step of the way in palestine in one thousand nine hundred eighteen. but ultimate military commanders also committed catastrophic arrows. minister for war and government leader and what pasha sent tens of thousands of soldiers to fight the russians at sonic amish in eastern anatolia during the winter of one nine hundred fourteen and early one nine hundred fifty. he wanted to regain territory lost to russia in eight hundred seventy eight. few of his troops had proper weapons or even boots to march him. as many as sixty thousand autumn and troops died of whom two thirds are likely to have perished from frostbite and typhus rather than fighting the russians.
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the disaster outside accommodation is still marked by local people. prayers as said every friday for the third autumn an army. some of the older members of the community like this village elders recall a popular poem from the time it accuses anwar pasha of betraying his own men a betrayal they say that bordered on treason. wishing in your salgado i've said all to la la da. yellow gold ladder and shuttle to seek out the. el up washable a mile up not to be gay subject. unwater pasha blamed the defeat on armenians who he claimed had sided with the russians. in april nineteenth fifteen the government rounded up two hundred and fifty armenian
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intellectuals and community leaders in istanbul. armenia men were killed and army conscripts put into labor battalions. women children and the elderly were deported and forced on to law marches into the syrian desert. the facts are still hard to agree on but some historians believe that the young tug government the unionists forced up to a million and a half armenians from their homes and that as many as eight hundred thousand dollars. already at the time of the city commission and. we have and that it league and that's it step it's just it's second charge interest the russians are pushing out all these balls in populations from caucasian towards our minds and
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they're causing destruction or it would do you think we should in turn we should be exiled and armenians into russian tended she's less truth in revenge and in not going to cause a similar degree of economic and means of destruction and that's is on let's let's think about this it's in time this germinal it will be converted into a mass deportations towards that at ten years towards then it may be in soccer. and armenian soldiers in uniform are separated into forced labor. but the idea has firmly and is that the armenians have become totally unreliable hostile population it seems that and that and cuts mortgage. he's an eminence. treacherous
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nation and let's not week for it to happen this time let's act first and then undertake a massive preemptive. hundred years on these events are still a matter of debate. but one of the lasting effects of the armenian exodus to the arabian sun has been the racial diversity it brought to the region. in the twenty first century their descendants are now part of the advance rich social fabric in areas like bush the mood in beirut. the muzzle was the horn can.
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assist will be what on the high at the moment what was the. link i had been on or how moved but but you know how did with him him. i thought i was a kid i had an idea before so why the whole mess. and some us madison were. really has it all make but i don't get under the gun with me. bob thought about or says why the certain. ethnic diversity has also characterized this city and the northeast of the ottoman empire and the early nine hundred. s. alone eking salonika in modern greece. after a very expulsion along with the muslims from and then you see here the southern spain and fourteen ninety two as a father to jews found refuge here in salonika edge. in the center is an ottoman all of this was mainly the jewish city it was called the jerusalem of the balkans.
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salonica was one of the cities that benefited from a series of autumn reforms in the mid nineteenth century these included equality with muslims for both jews and christians. the nationalist leader of modern turkey most of our kamaal was born and raised in this house it's now a turkish museum. the story of utter talk as the founder of modern turkey is often told. less well known is salonica spot in the life of another nationalist leader. one who would change the map of the middle east.
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or polish jewish students there walked along here nineteen eleven he wore affairs like any other ottoman citizen he was here to learn ottoman turkish before going on to study law at the university or istanbul his name david been guardian all would become the first prime minister of israel. and. the only. been good ian was a student in salonica and istanbul he actively supported the ottoman army and encouraged around forty jews to join a pro-government militia in jerusalem. he visited america to drum up support for the ottoman empire travelling via egypt and gori and toured thirty five u.s. cities and hope to recruit some ten thousand men in support of the ottoman calls. but he failed and
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a major british military advance changed his loyalties. in august one thousand nine hundred sixty the british went on the offensive against the autumn is in suez under general edmund alamy. by early one nine hundred seventeen that removed the autumn and from the sinai peninsula and continued their march towards palestine. in december allonby entered jerusalem on food out of respect for the holy city. the bloodshed of greater syria was forced out alan be pressed on to take the whole of the levant and force a complete ottoman retreat. the signing of the armistice of mood ross took place on the thirtieth of october nine hundred eighty a month later the whole war was over. once jerusalem fell david ben-gurion joined the jewish regiment of the british army in london
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before returning to palestine to pursue his political career. ben-gurion story typifies how the war presented opportunity it wasn't so much the speed at which he transferred his allegiance it was more that he recognized that a time of radical and far reaching change was dawning in the region. a new world order was about to take shape and he wanted to be one of its architects . the first world war gave birth to three nationalist movements turkish zionist and i. and the relationship between the turks and arabs changed forever as for centuries
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of also one rule ended by four years of conflict. and. the awakening of consciousness that grew out of this shift in power was a foretaste of the arab nationalism that was to come. in the next episode. britain's contradictory promises that proved impossible to deliver. the secret agreements between britain and france that carved up the middle east for generations they see into these peoples can possibly believe that when the british and french talks of national freedom that it actually meant
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political independence. the hopes of that independence that were ignited by the war. and the crushing disappointment as these hopes were dashed by colonial self interest in less. than an. eleven as that. in the final episode of world war one through our own. history has called it the great war in the final episode the two sides fight themselves to a standstill while britain and france conspire behind closed doors to produce
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a secret agreement that will shape the middle east for the century to come world war one through our bodies on al-jazeera. maintainer should be. there for. the. benefit of the time. until it's. very time it is time we did with the content to talk about all the fun of it we will be the best. thing you will do when you're going to the west.
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are all of the global on the planet and the bucks no pin event is it is sad an event that started twenty six years ago just thought up by gordon green to bring toys mentality where a list it's growing by fifteen percent have b.m. and already we've gotten record numbers through that but this time of the day we've already got tired he loves next four to one to just one minute twenty seven point three eight and that the flashes females have a lot of fact that their female come back but she's just smashed the world record holder them down a little bit and so he's got it. that look there's no bill white trying to box no plan is the thing might simply mean in the in egypt or in sharm el sorry but basically the people that tend to get the best times are in the top of the price hump bush because they think that the control of them greet them and they just seem to go down that book and back off its fifty five now it's not all that touch the
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right coast and come back up without putting an ad in the state bump into the bank or something but to date august have been there to smoking twenty cigarettes a day come to a few parts of all this moisture a little bit of a concert south of the diets would make the most arctic cut so it was very rich in the scope of the condo and this is i didn't know until this morning that we do. if so it was driven into a field and i worry. a little bit higher than anything. else hagar. cohen out of every. single place in gallacher she found. her.
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lying living again rather than how are you going to listen if you're going to. be. one. long. the lights are on. and there's nowhere to hide isn't the easiest way to solve this to allow u.n. observers who you invited into the country earlier this year to finish their job i haven't said it's a right wing conspiracy or anybody's conspiracy straight talking debate do you think we're going to see some kind of sea change in the u.s. relationship with saudi arabia we have an obligation there's a journalistic integrity and then so in this case it was betrayed totally up from its own al-jazeera. running six continents across the globe. al-jazeera as correspondents live and
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bringing the stories they tell you that this was not. the book not the letters. were at the mercy of the russian camp for palestinian i'll just zero in world news the u.n. man in charge of middle east and north africa has refugee crisis that the end is still not incites the war doesn't arc like in cos or some other countries bottled or does not act like that and there ought to be a new order to make that contribution is above the shame or it with the i mean i was talks to al-jazeera. escalating tensions. killed by israeli special
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forces. from our headquarters. also coming up. the u.s. . one hundred fifty more people are reportedly killed in the battle for the port city of new data. petitions challenging the president's decision to call. the words can't describe the devastation. the worst wildfire on record for sues the u.s. state of california under siege thirty one people are killed over two hundred. troops have killed seven palestinians including
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a hamas military commander. as part of a special forces operation an israeli soldier has also died while another was wounded in calling eunice in southern gaza the israeli military also says it intercepted three out of seventeen rockets fired from gaza after the raid the israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu has cut short an official visit to france to return to israel. as a senior hamas official in the southern gaza strip he told al-jazeera an israeli unit escaped over the border after the operation. there is a special. hour went inside on us. and there are also some of the one and after that. to come which kerry. or some collaborators tried to escape to go to these reporters but they are
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surrounded by. brigades. and after that try to cover. the sky all the credit all the soldiers. striking here and. so i think it was. actually want. i think of it will not be easy will not become. that sou'wester islam and our correspondent stephanie deck that was the latest situation there now. well it's quiet peter as you mentioned there are seventeen rockets fired overnight out of gaza into israel three of those intercepted by the iron dome no damage has been no further airstrikes these are the prime minister has now landed back in israel of course up
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to cutting short his trip to paris we've just had a statement also from the israeli army this is really in line of what was trickling out as of last night which is that this was not i'll just read it briefly to the special operation yesterday was not intended to kill or a doc terraces the language of the army but to strengthen israeli security is of the message from the israeli military establishment is that this seems to have been an intelligence operation it's an intelligence operation that went very wrong pietra and also of course you know the timing of this is crucial because we've had these ongoing talks about a long term calm in gaza between israel and hamas for the first time we had palpable movement on the ground when it came to improving the lives of the people inside gaza the humanitarian situation there is that desperate levels that we saw fifteen million dollars in cash carried by the qatari envoy just this weekend to
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pay salaries of civil servants and this is supposed to continue over the next six months every month gaza is supposed to be getting an injection of cash if call remains so of course we're waiting to have an official response from hamas they haven't said anything officially in reaction to this all seven of those killed are members of the kasam brigade and one of those a commander from what we understand in the area which is where this operation took place in the south of the gaza strip israeli forces operating in this way stephanie how rare is that. well this is something that you never get told i think reading between the lines you can assume that intelligence operations go on inside gaza carried out either by special forces or what was a policy as in gaza call collaborators israel has allies on the ground eyes and ears inside gaza so it is also a very sensitive time when it comes to the two sides some analysts were pretty were
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talking last night potentially this was an intelligence gathering operation when it comes to prisoner exchange part of these negotiations in this deal peter is about the exchange of prisoners a hamas still holds two bodies believed of soldiers killed in the two thousand and fourteen war and also two israeli civilians have crossed into gaza of their own accord but these are part of negotiations and hamas wants prisoners released that israel is holding they're very sensitive negotiations some people will speculate that this was an intelligence gathering operation to try and arm themselves with information when it comes to these negotiations that is speculation but the timing of it of course in terms of the publicist t. of it go wrong is at a crucial time there is no trust between israel and hamas any way the talks are between intermediaries between egypt re spearheading these negotiations and also the united nations so we can be sure that the phones have been working intensively overnight since this happened to try and calm the situation reading between the
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lines peter seventeen rockets out of gaza overnight relatively speaking that could have been more it is quiet so everyone is sort of waiting to see how things are going to develop but i think again just briefly neither israel nor how mass want a full escalation at this point gaza is at breaking point when it comes to the people it's humanitarian situation is desperate and the political establishment here has realized that a military solution to that a military operation is not going to help it so i think we're going to have to wait and see how things develop but certainly very significant development overnight but for the moment things are calm stephanie thanks very much. well let's get more on that story for you mike hanna now from washington. we've approached both the white house and state department for comment but as yet there has been none forthcoming this comes at a sensitive time for the united states it was just a week ago that president trump's representative jason green black held
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a meeting with prime minister netanyahu in israel at that meeting the issue of gaza was discussed the u.s. very keen to see stability returning to that particular area as a prelude to introducing president trump's initiative for a resuscitation of the long dormant peace process now back in september president trump said that he would make public his plan within two to four months that brings us to the beginning of december but also we heard in the past week from the president representative that this plan is ready for presentation within days or possibly weeks so certainly the u.s. keen on pushing forward with this initiative from president trump the violence in gaza obviously a bit of a stumbling block at this particular point but remember that president trump is intent on pressing forward with this initiative despite the fact that one of the
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major parties the palestinians will have nothing to do with that they refused to negotiate they refused to discuss the initiative this because they do not see the u.s. as an independent impartial arbiter in the whole matter and do not believe that they would get anything from it believing that the aim of the u.s. initiative the president trumps initiative is to guarantee above all else the security of israel the united states has renewed its call for an end to the hostilities in yemen in a phone call with the saudi crown prince the u.s. secretary of state might get to reach it that warring parties need to hold talks to end the civil war agencies are reporting at least one hundred fifty people were killed in the past twenty four hours street battles support chaos to. residential areas in the main port city that's where data thousands of civilians are trapped by the fighting a pro-government alliance backed by the saudi and iraqi coalition is trying to seize control of that city from the rebels of the do is following the story from
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nearby mohammed fighting intensifying in data what's the latest information you have for us well pretty heavy fighting once again roll call of this morning on there is someone call them part of a day. in there is some of the fighting is on the streets of residential areas something that is causing on the safety and welfare of the people who are still holed up in the city people who was are could there and find ways of leaving because of the block roads and many checkpoints set up by all the fighters there who these two well what's at stake here losing are they there is not an option for them it is not only a strategic hold for them but also it is the place where they've been getting most of their supplies for their no one strongholds like the couples and losing is not enough and so they are putting up on the resistance the pro-government alliances
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supported by u.a.e. helicopters and so the rykes which have intensified in recent days we've got diplomacy kicking in today we've got mike pump a zero phoning. members of the saudi royal family we've got jeremy hunt the british foreign secretary in riyadh how does that shift the optics of the backstory to what's going on in yemen. well these calls have been made for a very long time they've been these calls and every time they've been made they've been ignored by both of these months even if it's the u.n. special envoy to yemen has been involved in shuttle diplomacy for months now those talks that were supposed to be held in september in geneva not taking place because the host is saying that they have not been given access to leave the country by this so the coordination now the issue here is how much
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confidence is there within the pieties in the conflict as well as the fifth of yemen on coals coming from the united states and britain for example that are continuing to sell arms to the so the united arab emirates coalition we know for example of the united kingdom is in the final talks of selling forty a typhoon fighter jets to the saudi hole so to government also my point they are making those statements if we look at. an op ed in the washington post just a few days that. who will be the needle of the supreme council of all these who said that the calls from the united states are just empty talk you say that you know the u.s. can finish the war if it wanted but it has chosen to support. a corrupt ally. thank you very much for the spokesman has told al-jazeera the for.


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