tv Digital Addiction Al Jazeera December 9, 2018 9:00am-10:00am +03
the world to be and i think that is a message to washington this is serious i think that is to reduce the level of pressure on them and how much of the case so it's a play on different cards on the same table after several false starts talks aimed at ending the war in yemen have hit a wall if the rebels and government are divided on the fate of president of the rebel months of her day that was just one of the issues clouding the third day of talks for a political solution as has been reports from rimbaud in sweden. talks hit a stumbling block just at the time when hopes of progress were growing. yemen's rival factions are entrenched warning if their demands are not met the talks will fail and as the negotiations continue the who things have controlled sun and the northern part of the country say they are willing to join a national unity government if president obama so hardy steps down so.
the political solution from our point of view should be a new transitional period that has a time frame and must have consensual executive power including the presidency and the government and must work on certain pillars like security and military operations in sharing food control over the yemeni state and solving unsolved problems. the proposal was swiftly dismissed by the government had the loyalists say the healthy rebels seized power in a coup in two thousand and fourteen and therefore that surround is a prerequisite for any future deal while if you know what i can make. it hard to goes do you think that would solve the problem the problem is cool eaters how he was elected and it elections that will decide his fate but if he resigns now that will be dangerous there will be a power struggle there is a third party that is not involved in the talks but whose influence has been on the
rise in yemen since to thousand and eleven. these are the secessionists of the it movement that wants to break away from the north they are protesting against what they describe as a society occupation of their land but the separatists themselves are divided between those who want independence and those who want autonomy within a federal yemen the talks were always going to be long and strenuous but the main. as of yemenis who have suffered bombings starvation and inaction hope the warring factions will give diplomacy a chance so the war comes to an end. rambo on the ass curse of stock or well still ahead here on al-jazeera street protests that ended twenty years of one party rule in our media and now the competition faces its first electoral test and playing away from home why the final of latin america's premier football club event is taking place in spain.
from a fresh coastal breeze. to watching the sunset on the australian outback. hello is raining and it is snowing is the combination of course for the last gasp of the rains as the snow tries to come in through china has already reached we had at least the areas going sags during sunday that line extends out towards shanghai won't affect shanghai itself i don't think but this rain to the south which could be substantial for hong kong back to run going to underground towards the coast of vietnam where it's already produced over one hundred millimeters and then the story starts its return northward so this is the winter line more or less during monday mind you it's only in the high teens for science in china and not yet usually sunny is a bit of a gap in the weather through the philippines and these docks it shots are both
malaysia and indonesia have been focusing recently as far north as bangkok and as far south as jakarta but on this western side of singapore who are still in line i think for the heavy showers this light to be some in sort of way see but once again java is looking lastly dry which is probably a good thing because only about three or four days ago it was still raining fairly heavily in central java and therefore there is some flooding but the picture is certainly wetter the further west you go. the weather sponsored by cats are enemies. singapore is being accused of expanding its coastline and illegally dredged satinder some of the islands off the coast of indonesia literally vanished it's a big business smuggling sample it will take this very filling the sand is our parakeet you see the beautiful beach but behind it is something that's not so plentiful tragedy is that people are just not aware and ecological investigation into
a global emergency sand walls on al-jazeera. welcome back you're watching news arsehole rob a reminder of our top stories the u.s. presidents chief of staff john kelly has quit his post donald trump is in talks with vice president top aide nick has to succeed. also french riot police are running street battles with thousands of anti-government protesters in paris it's the fourth straight weekend of so-called yellow vests protest against a government decision to increase taxes on fuel more than nine hundred seventy people have been detained across the country. and china is warning canada of severe
consequences if it doesn't release a top executive of one of the world's largest telecom companies always chief financial officer main one has been arrested on charges of have fading u.s. sanctions against iran the canadian calls are deciding whether to extradite her to the u.s. . thousands of people rallied in malaysia's capital kuala lumpur to celebrate the government's decision not to sign a u.n. treaty against racial discrimination malays who are the country's largest ethnic group worried that their rights would be breached and fall and snowy it was at the protest. this rally with initially organized as a protest march to demonstrate against the government's decision to ratify a un convention to eliminate racial discrimination and the reason there's a backlash against this year in malaysia is because the majority race the late the make up more than sixty percent of the population are concerned that that's going
to a low tide. privileges and threaten the position of islam that the main religion in this country. the privileges granted to the malays and other indigenous groups give them advantages in a range of things from business to education to. affirmative action all of these were put in place decades ago because the malays even though they were the main group considered economically disadvantaged compared to the chinese and indians the other two main races in this country and the government mindful of the backlash reversed its pledge to ratify the convention but this rally is still going ahead people here tell us they want to send a message to the government that they will reject anything that threatens the malays special privileges a point. that we've gone through and all that we now enjoy will be affected that is what we don't want these kind of this to go on there's already an agreement made long ago between the military and the chinese and it was in trying to into the constitution there's no need to change anything we already have human rights or
equal rights in malaysia but this is also about politics that's rallies organized by the two largest opposition groups in the country one is an islamist group the other is i'm no model that had led to malaysia since independence for more than sixty years until its defeat in the general election in may well and it may it's also intended as a reminder to show the government and the supporters that they are still relevant. police egypt have killed two men they say were involved in a bus attack on christians the government says it's killed nineteen of the suspects connected to last month and bush admin yeah at least seven christians returning from a child's back some were killed six of them from the same family. iran's president says donald trump's decision to reimpose sanctions against his country is economic terrorism they were in financial sanctions came into force a month ago and followed trump's decision to pull out of the twenty fifteen nuclear deal speaking at a conference on we should all corporation that's
a reality wall in western nations there would be massive instability if they weaken iran. i want those who impose sanctions that are for rounds ability to fight drugs and terrorism are affected you will not be safe from a deluge of drugs asylum seekers bombs and terrorism armenians at the polls on sunday for early parliamentary elections since the first mass demonstrations i did twenty years ago of one party rule opinion polls suggest a landslide victory for prime minister nicola party which led to the so-called velvet revolution but with forestry walk reports from yet of on. commemorating the armenian earthquake of one thousand nine hundred eighty eight in which at least twenty five thousand people were killed acting prime minister nicola ended his election campaign with a promise that if his party wins your memory armenia's second largest city will
become his priority thirty years ago the city was a disaster zone and successive leaders have failed to fix it if. when we say restoring the disaster zone we need to understand not only meeting the housing needs of the people not only restoring schools and killed gardens but also restoring this city's economic potential. the potential for change nationwide brought a nickel to power in mass protests this spring. is open style including regular facebook live posts has delighted many armenians has all come back. and reinvigorated armenian politics this first live t.v. debate pitted him against all other party leaders nicole passion yan has for many months enjoyed the power of the street popular power he now wants that power in
parliament through what he has promised will be free and fair elections sunday's election will be a test of that promise. some believe that promise has already been broken with passion accused of using aggressive language and tactics nor atmosphere of fear is acceptable during the election it's unacceptable. organize inclinations of candidate of complain or. heed speech is forbidden in the country but nevertheless it's happening every day back in khumri. he lost his niece in the earthquake believes passion yan will accomplish what previous leaders failed to achieve a. passion yanez a man sent by god for the armenian people yes with all my heart i will vote for him . armenians have high hopes there will be disappointment if those hopes are not
realized for a steelworker al-jazeera yerevan arthurs in cuba are protesting against a law they say will increase censorship and stifle creativity the law prohibits artists of all worlds from creating anything for public display private homes or even businesses without government approval the government argues the measure will prevent social disorder. also a controversial museum that explores belgium's colonial past is reopening of being closed for a year curators say the revamped museum takes a critical look at the power equations of the past but former colonies such as the democratic republic of congo want some artifacts to be returned tasha butler takes a look at the museum just outside of brussels. for more than a century this opulent museum outside brussels was a symbol of belgium's colonial past it was created by king leopold the second with wealth amassed from his kingdom's plunder of congo its exhibits put trade africans
as savage and primitive hundreds of congolese people were put on display in a human zoo but there was no mention of the fact that millions of people were enslaved or killed by their oppresses us until twenty years ago belgium didn't have any critical reflector ryssdal on your past and nobody really questioned about how did your beliefs really perceive it and if you talk to the release of that period come in they'll talk about your profession about the way they were prepared and so when go to visit this museum they'll start reflecting well maybe the colonial system wasn't all that good. king leopold presented belgium's colonise ation of congo as a humanitarian mission but that was far from the brutal reality congolese artist mam panny hopes his work will force people to reflect on history or the maasdam or priscilla process it is thinking together about the past the present and making
sure what happened never happens again and to end stereotypes and to colonize the image of central africa with pierre kompany came to belgium as a refugee from congo in one thousand nine hundred seventy five he's now the country's first black mayor he son vincent plays for belgium's national football team he says the museum could be a cultural bridge or you know from out his museum would be a different color both congo and belgian would better understand the mistakes made in the future that awaits us. while those behind the reopening of this museum hope that it will help belgians confront their colonial past some critics say it's a missed opportunity that a greater gesture would have been to return some of the looted artworks and objects to congo so much. these are not mere artworks for us they represent our ancestors so if my ancestors are enclosing the museum frozen in time then they are dead so i
don't want to celebrate in this cemetery perhaps i would visit in the future if we start returning the works state museums across europe have come under increasing pressure from campaigners to return objects taken from africa they say it would address some past injustices but also force people in former colonial powers like belgium to know and confront a history that for too long has been ignored. al-jazeera brussels belgium now the two biggest rivals in argentina and football will play the copper liberty final in spain on sunday at the court of arbitration for sport rejected by geniuses appeal against the much taking place they should be awarded the trophy after their team bus was attacked before the second leg played last month for the team's a level two all after the first leg reports from madrid this should have been a proud occasion the first time in the fifty eight years of south america's top cup
football tournament the big two rivals from argentina are contesting the final but now that final is ten thousand kilometers away from their home city in spain is capital madrid. south american confederation combo ball induced by faith made the controversial decision to move the second leg to europe after disorder and chaos two weeks ago in bonus areas of a plate fans attack the bucket junia's pass leaving several players needing medical treatment after two hours of politics and confusion the game was finally called off and an attempt to play the following day was abandoned so i thought calm about falling by the decision to apply the second like you to the bone about in madrid a decision as much about fulfilling a very right as i was about five be met with incredulity i'm on the streets are going to serve twenty five thousand people from each corporate official you're trying to kids but only five thousand. in argentina. the final should be in
argentina. it's crazy i mean i can believe that it. seemed possible well i know the child care madrid does have a substantial argentinian population officially over seventy thousand people including a father and son on opposing sides and lino but to me it's too good an opportunity to miss we never dreamed of a watch a book or of a match in spain especially not a final you know risks are being taken there were four thousand placed security and stewards on gita. riva plights objected strongly to the switch threatening a refusal to apply that manager must allow god to set fans of being roped but that play is a now trying to show diplomacy you're going to get to be relieved many people are hurt and that's something we can't fix with words only with results this is a unique event outside our country but we have to enjoy it but. also a growing three years ago that were kicked out of this tournament when that bonds
attacked with his clients wanted to be declared champions. it's kind of a weird final and as a player it's important not to lose focus because it's the cup unlimited dorris final image rid. of the teams were given an incredible sendoff by the fans it means so much to them but it survival weight that often spose into hatred and violence argentina's window to show the world by could co-host the twenty thirty world cup was ruined by hooliganism and the biggest ever cup i was sent to spying the warnings al-jazeera madrid. your child is a civil roman and all these are all top news stories the u.s. president's chief of staff joel kelly has quit his post donald trump is in talks with the vice president's top aide nick as to succeed kelly john kelly will
be leaving but i don't know if i can say retiring but he's a great guy john kelly will be leaving at the end of the year will be announcing will be taking john place it might be on an interim basis i'll be announcing that over the next day or two but john will be leaving at the end of the year he's been with me almost two years now as you know between the two. so. we're probably going to see him in a little while. french riot police for running street battles with thousands of anti-government protesters in paris it's the fourth straight weekend of the yellow vest process against a government decision to increase taxes on fuel more than nine hundred seventy people have been detained across the country if you look at your ducks no tax is that important to threaten national unity we must continue with dialogue with coming together the president will propose measures to bring together the french
nation enter deal with the challenges that they have to deal with china is warning canada of severe consequences if it doesn't release a top executive of one of the world's largest telecom companies highways chief financial officer main one joe has been arrested on charges of evading u.s. sanctions against iran the canadian courts are deciding whether to extradite her to the u.s. the third day of you and the talks aimed at ending the war in yemen have had a major stumbling block the two warring factions are divided over the fate of president of the rebel one sort of had the the who the rebels want him to step down but the government says he'll only go if he loses an election. police in egypt have killed two men they say were involved in the bus attack on christians the government says it's killed nineteen other suspects connected to last month's ambush him in the year the seven christians returning from charles baptism were killed those were the headlines for those stories on our website at al-jazeera dot com more news in half an hour next it's inside story to stay with us.
you're. cutting supply to push up prices some of the top oil producing countries have reached an agreement so what does it mean for consumers and how long will this deal between opec rivals and allies last this is in science or. welcome to the program i'm has the world's major oil producers agreed to slash
production off the meeting in vienna in the hopes of getting prices up again the cuts by opec and other produces outside the cocktail will take one point two million barrels a day from world markets the price of oil has tumbled from eighty five dollars a bow in october to sixty dollars this week but it needed the agreement of non opec member russia will bring in our guests in a moment but first this report from paul brennan in vienna. for more than forty years opec controlled the global oil industry the group's near monopoly keeping a tight rein on supply and on prices the events of this week in vienna shows those days are truly over despite consensus that a cuts in production is needed to stop a slide in the oil price thursday's gathering of just the opec member states failed to agree to tail numbers and so on friday as the meeting expanded to include non opec members all eyes were on alexandra nowak the russian energy minister but she
was after thorough analysis which we have been conducting of the market situation will be ready to come to an understanding on how to take all cooperation further. the final figures opec members will reduce output by eight hundred thousand barrels a day the non-a pick countries will hold back a further four hundred thousand barrels iran libya and venezuela will be exempted the prospect of cutting one point two million barrels a day was enough to push brant crude above sixty three dollars from below fifty nine dollars the previous day go back to the supply demand we believe that there are substantial volumes out there as a result of releasing the spare capacity that used to be. withdrawn and we hope that we will come to an agreement where all. producers will contribute with. equal cuts across the board there was significant transparency and who was going to be doing a cut so for example saudi government laid out their path to basically are moving
about the russian government also gave us in their window about what their words actions would be so i think the statement was actually more transparent than expected i think it actually is a more robust cut than we extracted in the last couple days but what happens here in vienna is only part of the picture the united states is now the world's biggest crude oil producer now really eclipsing russia and with saudi arabia in third the fact. does opec no longer calls the shots this is been a hard fought compromise deal and the fact it's been so difficult emphasizes the limits now of opec's effectiveness and there are still question marks as to how long the deal done here will actually last paul brennan al-jazeera vienna. or so in october brant crude oil prices risa three year high but they then crashed around thirty percent from early october prompting this week's decision in vienna
that's the spot us president donald trump urging saudi arabia and others to keep prices down the u.s. this year became the world's top or oil producer for the first time since one nine hundred seventy three fatty arabia and russia are second and third other big oil producers iran libya and venezuela have all been exempt from making any production cuts in this deal. let's bring in our guest now joining us on skype from moscow we have nicholai served gulf senior research fellow at the institute of world economy and international relations in london salami and international oil economist and in leesburg virginia a sane askari professor of international business and international affairs at george washington university good to have you all with us gentleman let me start with you what do you make of this decision by opec and others. was it perhaps
a bit more aggressive than many were expecting. i think it is a good decision and a practical one to stop the decline of the oil prices it might not the result immediately in higher oil prices but it is a step in their either direction especially with the country bewsher in or a major contribution from saudi arabia and is slightly less contribution from russia it will even be a correction of a mistake made in june by saudi arabia and that of pressure from president graham and russia when they added six hundred fifty thousand barrels of oil to their market and that increased at an already existing glut in the
market that was wondering isn't why the prices gunned down there is another reason which is the. by the global oil market that the us sanctions on iran have not yet coerced iran a single battle over oil and so the market relaxed as you mean that there will be normal supply definitions see in the global oil market well let's put that point then to a sane askari is this partly an effort to correct a decision that was made earlier in the year in june when they decided to pump more oil to to make up for the the lost iranian supplies and prevent prices spiking. well i think that the. that what's going on is that in fact saudi arabia as was
just mentioned by your previous guest saudi arabia increased its all production and i think that now the sacrifice the saudi arabia is supposed to be making is not really any kind of a sacrifice because it increases all production by quite a bit earlier this year and so when you take that from a base to cut back from that base is not that much of a sacrifice i think that when i look at the history of opec. i can tell you that i don't think that this decision will do very much opec has never been able to. not sheep to be able to stick together and now we're really talking more about not just opec but opec including not opec so i don't think this will have that much of an effect on prices i think what's much much more important in this room of things is the state of the world economy if in fact what happens to the money i think right
now as they keep where you are in the u.s. has a nascar what about the trump factor and all of this and we know we know the u.s. president has been tweeting about and wanting to keep prices low yet the saudi arabia's energy minister. said that this decision was made out of economic necessity and in his words not driven by any political agenda and now in other words he's saying we're going to do what we need to do and it really doesn't matter what president trump tweets about it. well i think the saudi oil minister is rather brave in saying that i'm sorry to say that's not the history of things but i think for mr trump there are number of balancing issues that are at play here on the one hand i think you would like to see low oil prices because that helps his base it's like a tax cut in the sense when you have low oil prices and also i think why he needs lower prices is that all indications are that the united states economy will go to
into a recession later next year as so if you have a recession that will also hurt him because what that will do is that will be more unemployment and with the election coming up in twenty twenty he will be in an untenable position so he would like to see lower prices for that but on the other hand he has another problem which is when you have low oil prices the u.s. stock market generally goes down and that's added to volatility and the u.s. stock market going down and so i think mr trump has got it's got a real problem on his and but on balance i think he would like to see lower prices nicholai sort of the point was made in in paul's report there that this distill could not be done without russia needed russia on board to get this done what does that say about how important a player eight is now in the global oil market not being an opec member itself and
what is a say about opec's power in all of this. well i think from the russian point of view of opec is still strong and influential that is why russia is actually cooperating with opec and for russia opec is the only partner that can help really to stabilize the prices moscow is no interested in raising the prices as high as possible because well most of the government revenue comes from oil exports in and of course russia is ready to supply most to about one third of the costs so it is the. an important contribution and russia is ready to work with saudi arabia in maintaining high old oil prices and i think this decision by opec was a very strong sign was a very important sign that russia and saudi arabia will work together on the oil
market in order to maintain high prices it's a declaration of sorts both economically and politically and i think both countries are very much concerned we the consequences of the u.s. efforts to increase production of oil not america and the iranian sanctions because despite the fact that until now the sanctions didn't hit iran that seriously there is an expectation that iran very quickly will start exporting more and if you talk about cheating well that's what's being expected and iran will export at much lower prices than now so we need to take precautions in order to stabilize the market and to maintain high prices mundo said i mean how much how much influence does does opec as a cartel really have on on well prices today that the fact it has to bring in
russia and others in on this. first up it is not a cut of tears it has never been a thorn in fact it's the last found him back that in one thousand and sixty two come from the kind of thing of the seven sisters its influence has gone through embargoes through wars through conflicts but it has set a vive it has a vital role to play in the global oil market is stabilizing that the market and step realizing oil prices facts start fair the role of opec because opaque accounts for forty two point seven percent of the global production and more than seventy one point eight of the global proven oil reserves so by all
accounts it is a very very influential organisation and it will continue to be but to make it stronger it needs always it cohesion of its members and sometimes the policies of saudi arabia diversion from the policies of the overwhelming majority of opec as happened in twenty fourteen when saudi any abia decided to flood the global oil market in instead of joining opec to cut production to stab realize the oil prices hossein askari what does all this mean then for consumers particularly for motorists for prices at the pump i mean obviously when when if the prices are going to go up that's that's going to mean higher petrol prices high energy prices. how much of an effect is that going to have on people's pocketbooks . well if i may just go back to what was just said and i will definitely address
your question i have to very much disagree with what was just said. in the case of opec i totally agree that opec has never really acted as an effective cartel but if you go back to opec even during the arab oil embargo of one nine hundred seventy three seventy four arab or pick the arab members of opec they even cheated themselves saudi arabia or so oil to the u.s. fleet iraq in fact did not hold back its output so that you take into account what is said at generally opec meetings is rather meaningless the thing that matters is can they stick together and i can assure you that saudi arabia and iran have nothing in common to agree on any more during all this time that i have been involved in knowing what's going on between the two countries i can assure you that
there has been no cooperation behind the scenes in front of the scenes or anywhere on the scene so whether that what was done at the opec meeting to me is i'm sorry to say rather meaningless i think what matters is can they stick together and for that i'm not really very optimistic not what this does i think to consumers is very clearly this that when you look at it in the case of the united states. people expect oil prices maybe to go up a little bit during next year however this is at the same time will in fact influence shale oil production in the united states it will give a boost to share oil production and so i think that oil prices in the united states makes make go up very very little in the short run but during next year and with the recession looming i believe world prices in fact will go down in the united states. nicholas serota what's your view on that does this to this further
incentivize fracking in the u.s. and what implications is acting to have for for russia's or production. well the this is correct the high prices are a stimulus are in and are an incentive for the us produces to increase shale oil production it's true and we know about this. because of the consequences but currently i think both russia and saudi arabia need high prices and they need them now because of the. because of the current economic situation which requires more income so russia is ready to take the risks and i think the saudis are also rated to take the risks but in the longer term even in the midterm we understand here that high or low prices will mean more shale oil on
the market and that thus we stimulate. production in the u.s. and actually the previous efforts by saudi arabia i mean they increased production and increased exposure exports they were manna from our point of view they were amount to strangle the u.s. production but they didn't work and besides there is no other choice now. both countries need revenues and they need them now so the risks are. there ready to put up with the risks and speaking about the influence of opec by the way yes back as it was was pretty weak and that was the problem of cheating and it's true that the saudis have their controversies with the iranians but this is why the saudis are working with the russians and this is why the saudis are trying to create what we call now opec less and opec plus will be
a much stronger institution that can really influence the oil market and this is the only solution in the light of the current efforts made by the us in order to increase shale on production and so we have to adjust and opec has to adjust to a new situation when the oil market with a new there is serious competitor coming. monday salami this disagreement was penciled in for an initial six months right now but could that change depending on what happens with with with with prices and output and so on especially given as well what a sane askari was saying earlier about cheating in countries not sticking to their targets and the agri rand could change from time to time and opec and plus russia have been monitoring it changes in the global oil market it could change in six weeks if the prices start to go up very significantly i
am a great believer and here i fear to north of what the second speaker has said but i disagree with him completely low or oil prices are very bad for the united states as well as for the global economy the global economy is mirrored of three major. parts the oil industry the economies of the global bruising countries and of course investments are around the world these three are affected adversely by law and prices as we have seen between twenty fourteen and twenty sixteen a good or oil price and here i am talking about an age of hundred to one thirty dollars a barrel is good for the global economy as it invigorates this big
chunks of the global economy for the already big chunks of the global economy i'm curious. about your point earlier the low point lower oil prices a bad for the u.s. economy that means low low gas prices at the pump for millions of americans how is that a bad thing. yes i tell you it might ben it might act as a. tax cut but you have to see the whole picture the oil industry needs a price between sixty to seventy to break even and the share of oil in the city is growing in importance because it employs two per cent of the workforce in the united states without higher oil prices they will lose at least two million barrels of that of production in admission to the thousand if not millions of
people are made redundant and the third part is that the united states is an intended are a part of the global economy if the global economy is adversely affected by law in prices the american economy is equally affected because it's part of the global economy so it is not good havilland a short term benefit of a tax cut when the whole global economy is affected persona scary what's your view on that. well i would like to go back to one thing and then because if we do have some disagreements here. if i may i you know i can prove this is that when oil prices were around eighty dollars a barrel i said that they will go down to between between thirty to forty dollars a barrel and there was a reason for that and that reason is still there in the past we used to say that saudi arabia is the swing producer that it can affect the market with its oil
output now what you have is global shale oil and gas production other swing produces if oil prices go up a little bit because most shale output and i think the danger for opec is that fracking is not just any longer in the united states it is going to be spreading to other parts of this world and so that with oil and everybody used to say that in fact shale oil production would go down its oil prices go down below fifty that was wrong it has been proven to be wrong and in fact what you can see is that oil prices will not go to one hundred to one hundred thirty that is a dream which will never come true all right nichelle i sort of give a give what's probably going to be the last word to you then well i don't think that russia is aiming for one hundred thirty dollars for a barrel i think russia is actually trying to have a balanced price of about seventy eighty dollars which makes. the world production
profitable for russia but. still i think the resists a huge concern on behalf of moscow that oh we have a change in situation in the oil market and that is why russia decided to work closely with the saudis because they aren't the only potential partners who can deal with us now these are the taken into consideration the tensions between moscow and washington so i think that these particular partnership will stand and i think both producers will do their best to stabilize the market but within a couple of years well it will definitely see very serious changes if the us shale oil industry continues to develop at the current pace but for now for now for the short term we expect him ordering the growth of oil prices and then there is what. the that is why the decision was taken i think but in the where there is
still no solution or for the longer term because we'll have to adjust to the fracking situation two of the shale oil to the growing shale oil production and it is a pro it will be a problem very soon for everybody or for the established players of the markets all right and on that we will leave it thank you to all three of you a nickel i sort of go off. me and her saying our scottie thanks very much for being on inside story and as always thank you for watching remember you can see this program again any time by visiting our web site as you know dot com and for the discussion you can go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter the handle there is at a.j. inside story for me has a secret and the whole team here in doha i think. al
jazeera wild follows the struggles of an iraqi painter a syrian screenwriter and a palestinian filmmaker as they come to terms with their lives as displaced artists in lebanon. art is always the first to go to the last to the till. i've invented a new homeland in my imagination building beirut's refugee artists on al-jazeera. because we're not as we should.
rights being violated. and freedom stripped away. anniversary of. whites that stand up. stand up for human rights a recent un report has given renewed jinsei to the fight against climate change over his threats like sea level rise at this year's quiet talks in poland crimea international community sees the opportunity to take concerted action say with al-jazeera the latest from the front lines of the choir a crisis from the conference itself. my name's in the file and i think i'm on my phone all day every day on my tablet is never really more than a few feet away the use of the internet elevates dopamine just like gambling does and just like cocaine does i will experience my own unusual teacher told the talks
i feel like i don't want to have this. is the old. mind teach to addiction. i'm. well you know. some of the life. you want your old is there i'm so wrong these are all top stories the u.s. president's chief of staff joel kelly has quit his post told trump is in talks with the vice president's top aide nick has to succeed kelly john kelly will be leaving but i don't know if i can say retiring but he's a great guy john kelly will be leaving at the end of the year will be announcing
will be taking john place it might be on an interim basis i'll be announcing that over the next day or two but john will be leaving at the end of the year he's been with me almost two years now as you know between the two positions so. we're probably going to see if in a little while a white house correspondent can really help it looks at kelly's time as chief of staff. we just soiree general kelly crisis may have ended john kelly's time in the west wing but the four star marine general was brought to the white house to restore order his brothers rather be president donald trump took him from his post just homeland security secretary in july of two thousand and seventeen he replaced the first chief of staff writes priebus thank you kelly his first order of business was firing communications director anthony scare mucci who'd been on the job for just ten days for disparaging white house officials in a profanity laced interview for a time kelley was described as the adult in the white house reportedly imposing
military like discipline on staff and limiting access to the president very well but in october of that same year a botched military mission in new share that left four american soldiers dead cause some to question kelly's judgment kelly attacked a congresswoman who criticized the president's mishandling of a condolence call to one of the widows it stuns me that a member of congress were to listen in on a conversation. absolutely stunning. but the controversy surrounding rob porter a top trump aide may have been kelly's biggest fumble kelly defended porter when his ex-wives accused him of physical and emotional abuse so did the president as you probably know he says he's innocent and i think you have to remember that he said very strongly yesterday that he's innocent but the administration was forced to back away when photos of one ex-wife's blackeye surfaced bolstering her claims
the case led to questions about how porter given his police record had received security clearances and led to others in the administration including the president's own sudden larger cushion or seeing their top secret clearance revoked other tromp reports surfaced that kelley had referred to trump as an idiot something both men denied other top officials like former secretary of state rex tillerson and former national security advisor h.r. mcmaster were let go after allegedly making similar insults in recent months kelli's tenure has been marked with reports of fights including reported shouting match with national security adviser john bolton as well as disagreements with first lady a lani a trump that's right here kelly is the latest in a long list of high profile departures can really help get al-jazeera the white house for a drug pleas for running battles with thousands of anti-government protesters in
paris it's the fourth straight weekend of the yellow vest protests against a government decision to increase taxes on fuel more than nine hundred seventy people have been detained across the country china was warning canada of severe consequences if it doesn't release a top executive of one of the world's largest telecom companies always a chief financial officer the main one joe has been arrested on charges of evading u.s. sanctions against iran the canadian calls on designing the to extradite him to the u.s. . third day of un led told sept ending the war in yemen the major stumbling block the two warring factions are divided over the fate of president. the the who the rebels want him to step down but the government says hey let me go if you lose an election. please in egypt have killed two men they say were involved in a bus attack on christians at least seven christians returning home from the trials but as a dyed in the bush last month in those weather headlines more news in half an hour
do stay with us some walls is next. we bought the house about two years ago hoping that we would be able to retire here but from here you could see how much sand. underneath the house. the world is running out of sand consumed by industry and construction stolen and transported by criminal mafias around the world. but i'm going to. put it right never do i like that i was. washed away by rising sea levels. being in the middle of the indian ocean for the last five thousand units become just. lost to human greed and stupidity. when we use.
when we loose. our life. we've never needed so much sand so badly with beaches and entire islands already disappearing who will win. for most of us san makes us think of days at the beach sand castles and sunshine and once the holidays are over we slip back into our busy lives. but is feeling the sand between our toes or caught in our bathing suits the whole story. does this so familiar substance played any other role in our daily lives. standard is what i like to call the unsung heroes of our lives because there are just endless examples. of the way in which sarah and intersects with daily lloyd's
which we really. commonly aware of. sand has quietly infiltrated every corner of our world melted and transformed into glass it sits on every shelf. it's also the source of silicone dioxide. a mineral found in our wines cleaning products detergents paper dehydrated foods hairspray toothpaste cosmetics. and an astounding variety of other products we use every day. but the strategic mended such as. you. think about your computer. chips can be manufactured if you do not have high quality said. the minerals extracted from sand are at the core of our hyper connected society a form of basic material for microchips without which our computers credit cards
bank machines cell phones and many other devices would not exist. sand even alps or supply in our airplanes the plastics lightweight alloys of the fuselage and jet engines even the paint and tires are all made with sand. it's almost become like a the a we don't think too much about it but you can't live without it. and the industry with the biggest appetite for sand. construction for the last one hundred fifty years sand mixed with cement to form concrete has shaped the contours of our increasingly urbanized world. because of its low cost strength and ease of use disgrace larry has become the dominant building material around the globe.
the quantities used are astronomical. to build an average house it takes two hundred tons of sand. for a larger building like a hospital around three thousand tons. each kilometer of highway devours thirty thousand tons. and to build a nuclear plant the estimate is about twelve million tonnes. production of sand exceeds fifteen billion tons. and that is a quantity that is so huge that it's beyond imagination how much is fifteen billion you don't know because no other resource is used in such vast quantities as sad maybe with the exception of water. so where in the world does that much sand
come from. let's just say the sand men who work in the aggregate business have not been affected by the economic downturn. behind. sand is the most used commodity. business is booming but meeting this demand is not always an easy task sand is not something that's easily found like you might think it is used to be that you'd have a sand and gravel deposit and you'd simply go and dig it up out of the ground so you'd have sand to make roads bridges and buildings up but that type material is all been taken away it's gone abuse it already. with the process of service and exhausted we started dredging rivers for sand but this is lead to flooding. now we've turned to the oceans for sand.
to satisfy our seemingly insatiable appetite for sand we've industrialized extracting it from beneath the waves. and the workhorse of the industry is a dredger. a giant tanker equipped with a suction arm capable of pumping huge quantities of sand to the surface. the right bessel in the right location can pump up to four hundred thousand cubic metres of sand to the surface every single day. each dredger cost anywhere from twenty five million to two hundred million dollars. but the sand is free. so the thousands of tankers combing the world's oceans at every incentive to suck up as much sand as possible for their increasingly hungry clients.
an astonishing example of this appetite within a few decades this fishing village has morphed into a mecca of modern architecture it's a sandbox for developers were no fantasies too grandiose. but as projects. of sand using huge volumes of sand and construction projects concrete and indeed just making more land as has been doing with the with the artificially constructed islands. to buys land fills or even bigger consumers of sand the concrete.