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tv   Life After Conflict  Al Jazeera  May 28, 2019 12:32pm-1:01pm +03

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an al-jazeera investigation is a bill covert bases covert flights into bases controlled by hop stars fighters that's despite a u.n. arms embargo mass arrests and forced disappearances and extrajudicial killings just some of the allegations being leveled against egyptian security forces in the sinai and human rights watch report thousands of soldiers have been waging a military campaign against eisel affiliated groups in the region since 2013 the report says the military and police have made more than 12000 arrests the leader of italy's league party says the european election results show people want austerity measures reversed tales of anyone who is also italy's deputy prime minister repeated his intention to reduce taxes and defiance of europe's policy of austerity or the hell eyes headlines keep it on al-jazeera earthrise next. in the philippines the black market for gold is worth hundreds of millions but not everyone is reaping the rewards to selma paying the ultimate prize when i want to
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east investigates why people like dying for gold on al-jazeera. and conflicts one of the silent and forgotten casualties is often the environment. from the chemical contamination of soils and the collapse of water and food supplies to the habitat damage caused by displacement. all has devastating consequences. not so many manmade infrastructure has but also natural ecosystems are destroyed and i'm a lives lost as well as human. but even amidst the most vicious struggles
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through people fighting to protect the world we live in and i'm to cover what was lost. i'm tanya a sheet and bangladesh in the world's largest refugee camps where people are working to co-exist with the elephants for which this region is home and i'm happy with our love and on we're group of scientists is rebuilding a seed bank that was displaced by the war in syria. in august 27000 a brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing began in myanmar. the military and buddhist radicals claimed the lives of more than $6000.00 in a single month. fearing death thousands more fled the country for the force of bangladesh. the scale of the exodus was enormous. today. they are still unable to return home. there are over 1200000 rohingya refugees living inside of these sprawling caps on the back. this is now the biggest settlement of
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refugees in the world. many of them don't have access to clean water sanitation or even electricity. but after they arrived the survivors faced a new threat while i was rampaging through count. i'm meeting on one about them who witnessed the initial episode firsthand they came from there we did not have. that looked and came to a cost you know from the jungle over that way by directly to her heart and started feeding her heart with it but that's just. this was no one on allison struck repeatedly throughout the camp killing 13 people in the space of 5 months. can you tell me a little bit about what happened to that person last rather than the other side of her just sort of the body was difficult on her own to hold on to the little or
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little bit of a little bit a little bit is out of the way you know what happened after that but i took a little bit of that i will be out of you in wimbledon or the us in the morning a lot of you the only new gold going ahead in the u.s. was i should work but i didn't hear the whole hall the mother that the doctor one of the mother said to him as if it had told the family did was i love you and i go last and you go for so much what okun is about but it bloom is about a lot. more about how to google the girls or whatever you pulled over a lawyer little bit moving. the attack sparked an investigation into what was going on. recchi but i mean from the international union for conservation of nature believes the rapid expansion of the settlement had a profound impact on the natural environment this is the edge of the camp of
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a cave right here as this is where the forest began yes what's been going on was the cause behind all of these that you see on all camps they used to be forest they the seems to be an elephant have habitat. cap expanded at an astonishing rate over $1500.00 hectares of forests were cleared to accommodate the influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees. but nobody realized the devastating impact this would have the growing camps severed a vital lifeline for some of bangladesh's last remaining wild elephants blocking a herd of 40 from their only path to essential grazing ground. just over. there is a species we call the elephant now the since the cat is completely blocking that coated elephant cannot pass through this is in search of his shelter his food essential fizz migration pop elephants was trying to calm inside the camp elephant
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came so many times and you know simple life force and lost. elephant is not necessarily a violent mammal it's very intelligent understands it has uses emotions and is show us that he's lost his habitat he's desperate to do this migration. it's in their d.n.a. elephant is a genetic memory is it didn't know exactly where they have been growing where they have been roaming generation after generation they take the same part. the elephants of bangladesh are critically endangered there are just $268.00 left and they're increasingly under threat. $15000.00 hectares of land are already deforested in the country every year. and this cap only adds to the problem. to help me understand what the elephants are up against i've hired a local guy. so the man in front of me. his name means golden boy
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and he's our tracker for the day i think we're going to have. it's not long before we find clues that we're on the right path. i had. it out that is if when are they boggling going to say is that they just saw a bug in the blanket and say that it really colored in that i would thought i would have basic i thought i'd leave bungling is that. we find evidence of 100 elephants everywhere where you just sit there co-exist and it's just guys like the elephant whisperer. ready tells me that by the end of the summer much of the elephants food here will be gone. then they face a nightmare scenario attempt to migrate through the camp to me in march in search of fresh vegetation or risk running out of food. and that's because as if i was with
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a gun i guess if they don't go they could be very we're following the actual footsteps of the elephants elephants have walked along this path every season for thousands of years until they were really excited i wonder for actually going to encounter some elephants or being told that just a few steps away that they're there and then against the odds a moment i can't believe. a majestic standing proud on the horizon. it's just i think quite scary i've never seen an elephant like while my 1st time. it looks so peaceful in its natural habitat it's just really crazy to think that before the camps were put in place that this is what it was a large for with animals roaming about and now there's a human made crisis play with sprawling refugee camps and is just
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a very sad situation. but a select band of refugees is working to solve the problem. with the support of the international union for conservation of nature they're formed a group dedicated to safety shepherding the elephants from the camp. they call themselves the tusk force. central to their strategy our $94.00 watchtowers which they built around the camp perimeter. they're manned by a team of over 500 brave refugees ready to intervene and protect both the people and the elephants. i'm heading up for a bird's eye view. of what. ok so what's going on there simulating what actually happens when an elephant comest and you see the yellow shirts yeah. so they're using their mobile so they know how to
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respond and they want to form one of the many and slowly moves towards allison so that the listen understands this danger i have. down on the ground it's clear how committed the test scores are. happening conditional training go to the right. i stand. by that i think i see me right now that i think of themselves i think. quite loud and scary i think that would certainly show an elephant off. since the test 1st started there has been no loss of life here despite 45 incursions by elephants it's an effective temporary solution until a longer term plan is made for managing the animals migration. to the task force has motivated the community with over 500 people signing up to join and
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has supporters throughout the camp. what are you doing over here what is this. hot going to happen. i think all these different patterns and colors seems like it's a lot of work to do why go through all this trouble to do it right out of the holocaust my bible had to be. on where only one with a machine a barrier there would have without the death of my body which. really matter. do you feel that there is more danger living on the edge of the forest versus people who live in the interior of the camp. which without a doubt that i both saw what. i thought of philip as not on. the good of. the man and his own with. his own i've been lucky and.
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not only do people feel more secure they are also more sensitive to the elephant situation saving the animals is now even part of the school's curriculum i believe you know what you're. doing. the objective is not to build on this momentum. recchi was already taking steps to find a permanent solution to the problem beginning with an in-depth scientific study of the elephants migratory happening. we are planning to put a radio collar on the allison this will give us a valuable data valuable science to have a better management of the whole situation once the exact migration route is no the goal is to clear a path for the elephants so that they can migrate unhindered once again of course we want to open the total astronauts possible that are so few issues that we need
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to consider before doing that it will take about 100000 people. people to move somewhere else that would be an immense logistical challenge but as human refugees continue to resettle around the world. bold moves are needed to reduce the impact on local animal populations what i've seen here gives me hope that animals do not always need to be victims of conflict and that a peaceful coexistence is possible. to. the over 40 armed conflicts happening in the world today. each of them will leave a dangerous environmental legacy. we can see that protection the environment as a norm is something which we do better standards in place yet during conflict it's almost anything goes because whatever damage your mind can there's never counts but it is never addressed. we see very severe damage to many countries and many
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different ways damage to infrastructure such as serious rigs a water facilities over extraction of resources. tax on industrial sites causing bust massive pollution so you can have these impacts there's going to spiral on the last few decades after the conflict and. we're in iraq in 20162017 islamic states at $530.00 oil wells on these ben for 9 months covering hundreds of square kilometers and for lots of pollution. dealing with the time a nation caused by these fires is going to take years. so for the last 10 or 15 years we've seen increasing interest from governments around the touch them time into relations conflicts has got to me if ever it's got to move fast it's no all the comforts of merriment rambam spandau mission in many ways and that has consequences. so unless we focus on the environment you're in conflict in a storing up a lot of problems in future. would
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have been a turbulent world where conflicts and climate change are threatening our environments and scary part is that the crops through are for food are increasingly finding it hard to survive. and in some cases they're going extinct. crop diversity is essential for food security and has declined by 3 quarter since in 1906. but there is an insurance policy a global network of seed banks these are backup repositories of seeds which safeguard their biodiversity and can be turn to in times of crisis. when more broke out in syria in 20111 of these vital stores came under threat. on the outskirts of aleppo the team of scientists charged with maintaining the seed bank were forced to abandon their work and flee the country. but they never gave up hope. when some of them resettled just over the border in lebanon's bekaa valley
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they began rebuilding their collection. i'm traveling to the i car to seed bank to meet one of these scientists dr ali shahad the ira good to see it to what happened to the seed bank in aleppo syria it became possible to access to the gym by all 3 got the premises and told but without the 15 because we've been to access through the center by the armed groups controlling the area. they stole the vehicles they stole the lot of equipments nothing left in the head call to exit the buildings and the duma. the war forced 5000000 refugees out of syria right now it's not safe for a doctor so how did to continue his work at home. how hard was it to leave that seed bank behind i spent more than. 27 years of my life working to the gym
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bag so it's a like you someone who left behind the babies all long long history we dealt with them day by day we knew everything about the behavior of those plants in the field in the plastic houses even in the dream bangs time effort made by everybody. both syria and lebanon lie in the fertile crescent which is where farming began. it makes this part of the world an ideal place to work on safeguarding future food supplies this is the central origins or we can't believe the center of the misty cation because it's gone things all forms of crops like. we lentil chickpeas. all these crops or even if it's from this area. i want to get a closer look at the operation dr mariana yes big leads
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a team of 20 scientists including 3 who have relocated from syria their task is to painstakingly rebuild the syrian seed collection the seed vault here has a capacity to store 130000 seed varieties for over 100 years. the seeds are preserved by freezing them at temperatures of minus 20 degrees. all right. there we go. there was cold. can see here sound pools of the fresh crops are being conserved we're looking here . and you have me this is the heart the hard that is used for pasta making so we have a big collection of this and so i just decided for pasta say fear you're going to get you know. all the cups are here you have here barley a very important crops when you talk about dry areas and you talk with the 3 main
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crops which are we to talk about rice and you talk about corn so these are 3 main staple food that most of the users are using so for in place this is a treasure these are important samples that we have to make sure they are surviving they are monitored they are available to the international community. there are $1750.00 strategically placed seed banks around the world each keeps a backup copy of their collection at the jewel in the crown of seed banks norway's fall of our global vaults. the doomsday vault it is built into the side of an arctic mountain so that the seeds can be frozen without the need for power. over 1000000 c varieties. are stored here so when the syrian seed bank was abandoned due to the war dr yes because team were able to recall their backups so that this isn't was made to reconstruct our connection we did. we brought part of it here
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to never know who could build our collection here we could make it available again for researchers. all the seeds that come here are tested in the lab for viability some are then cross-bred to increase their resilience and improve productivity you have to make sure of 2 things 1st that they are free of diseases 2nd that they can actually germinate so they can produce plants that are alive and working and working see each one of those should have at least $85.00. out of $100.00 that proud and good have that's the pressure that's the pressure. these seeds are thriving. but back in syria the war has decimated the country's ability to grow food one of the goals here in lebanon is to create a healthy seed collection to help ensure the future of agriculture in syria when
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the conflict ends. up here from the roof i can see that there are fields there are greenhouses there is even some cattle and it's not just about saving the seeds but also testing that trying to find out the best variations that can withstand climate change and secure our food supplies in the future. and. this region has been struggling with worsening drought for decades the dry soil in lebanon a similar to serious by testing seeds and the harsh conditions here doctor see how they and his team can be confident that the crops will be resilient enough to survive the arid syrian farmland. what are these plants right here this is a wind we this is opposed to domesticate and we they are very unique. and i am very viable for all you can close it because they have adopted already been to the hotshot environment and that has very very useful genes to overcome climate
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change afaik diseases go out frost heat. with climate conditions changing the biodiversity found here is vital not only for local but also global food security. already one of the wheat strains bred here has proven resistant to a disease known as yellow rust and has been sent to the us where crops were failing to fight it. but with global warming seed banks themselves can be vulnerable. what's worrying is that melting permafrost is even threatening this fall bar doomsday vault. research shows that the arctic town in which it's based is warming faster than any other. which makes the work being done in lebanon even more critical. 25 syrians in the same number of locals attend the farmland here.
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so it looks like they're doing some really important work over here can i give them a hand yes of course they are doing the hand weeding. seems that modern science hasn't quite figured out an alternative to getting down your hands and knees and just getting your hands dirty so we're just looking for the weeds we don't want weeds interfere with his experiments we want to make sure that his crops grow right and we have to also be careful not to hurt the crop so the weeds kind of grow in between here so you really got to have a good eye. a so good. but. but then fairly and i had a civil lawsuit on him from the issue and stuff he'd been over with. dr ali has invited me for lunch meals are of course the final products of the crops grown here it's a chance for him to tell me more about the life in syria he was forced to leave behind this is actually the. nice memory everybody had
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a role for leading because we had. failed infested by autobahn keys unit had decided to go all together the breed the. international the scientists the technicians assistant they the labors even the tea lady contributed to that day happy days it was happy days one of the most beautiful days and you're sure you'll go back yes very confident that i'll go back because i should go back to. nothing like home. it would have been easy to write off the card a seed bank as just another casualty of the syrian conflict but the hard work and dedication of ali and his team have ensured that their work transcends the conflict and is able to continue to play a vital role in protecting global food supplies. environmental
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fallout of who can linger for decades but what is being done to heal the damage. the charity hainault trust have cleared nearly a couche of a 1000000 mines from cambodia helping to make over 6000 hectares of land safe in farming. in cameroon almost 50000 trees have been replanted on degraded land around mina wow count which shelters refugees escaping violence in 1000. until after 50 years of conflict in a. was able to protect colombia's gibby cattail rain forest a former guerrilla stronghold. declaring this rich spider virus arian to be a world heritage site. in the midst of war the consequential damage to the environment can easily be overlooked but if we don't act to protect our natural world be nothing left to fight for.
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a $150000000.00 streams disappear every year into the clothing that we all want from upcycling just save the forests the famous yellow dress is made from blue. to conserving the world's. migration watch. it is most special. ecosystems a live on al-jazeera business updates brought to you by qatar airways going places together.
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business updates brought to you by qatar airways going places together and investigation into the real powers that control the world health organization their obligation to their shareholders completely overwhelms any consideration of public . health your future becomes questionable. the h one n one question isn't getting what it could get like you know it has those
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who says don't trust that you trust who. this is al-jazeera. has them seek it this is the news hour live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes we've got the view we will escalate things using up peaceful civilian methods which is strong protests and civil disobedience a nationwide general strike in sudan is under way as talks to form a civilian government deadlocked. on al-jazeera investigation tracks secret cargo flights that appear to be helping the libyan warlord trying to capture tripoli.


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