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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  July 9, 2019 2:00am-3:01am +03

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he wants to rebuild greek society as a meritocracy where hard work and justice will bring opportunities for all that he says is the only way to stop the brain drain which has cost greece as many as 100000 young people each year in recent years. because. the greek people yesterday gave us a powerful mandate to change greece we should honor that mandate to the full today the hard work the game and and i have complete faith in our abilities to do what needs to be done. to honor that mandate to thank yous has promised a series of reforms that will attract investment boost growth and create jobs. premiership begins this is ministration plans to move fast for immediate consideration tax cuts getting tough on crime and the controversially allowing police back on university campuses police were banned from campuses half a century ago after they forced their way onto the athens polytechnic to quell
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a student sit in seat is a leader alexis tsipras says he will now focus on molding his party into the center left progressive alliance neither leader will have much of a honeymoon instead of allowing parliament to go on a summer break it's a thank you sir plans to start a new plenary session next week and table his 1st bill soon after ultimately midget like you says he will have to approach greece's european creditors to persuade them to lower greece's debt repayments he believes the bailout terms are stifling growth but the last 4 greek prime ministers have asked for better terms and didn't always get them. concentrate on making sure that he meets the time get. primarily. cutting spending. and if he does so then he will have some good will in the future to open this discussion with the creditors but i don't think he will risk. opening
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a round of negotiations that will resonate negatively in the markets. greece has stabilized after losing a quarter of its economy to recession but it has not yet turned into a success story its growth is the lowest among bailout countries in the eurozone that is widely believed 40 percent of greeks elected me to thank us but economic reforms often take time to show results and greeks are impatient to improve their lives. al-jazeera athens. murdering and surprise calls for an investigation after accusations of systematic killing of poor people in the philippines. hello we've got the usual showers around the caucuses but for much of the middle
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east's hot dry sums it up we've got a good deal of settled weather here barely a cloud in the sky what climate do have is up around george or i mean as a buys and that will thin and break as we go on into wednesday so the show is becoming fewer and further between the temperatures getting up into the mid forty's once again around to 2930 celsius therefore beirut time for jerusalem and across the eastern side of the region afghanistan pakistan thank hot dry temperatures here into the mid thirty's 10 degrees warmer than that across the arabian peninsula but too much clout to speak of you might just catch one or 2 showers just around the gulf of aden as we go on through wednesday but elsewhere hot sunshine continue here in doha temperatures around 44 celsius lifted doesn't sad so the possibility over the next couple of days with that increasing wind dry some things up across southern africa barely a cloud in the sky what labadee have will generally be of the fair weather variety will see temperatures around 16000 years for cape down plenty of sunshine that more
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just see a little bit of cloud just sliding its way into books one of our time even that will clear through as we go on into wednesday with more sunshine for all. this is a dialogue i'm reading about if we're not asking staying at the international media and on t.v. it why should we stop this conversation with skepticism because there's a lot of it on my everyone has a voice we'll being taken advantage of just because we are small community without any network just each health join the global conversation on al-jazeera all they want to do is start the debate the same kind of debate that we have here in st.
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welcome back you're watching al-jazeera time to recap our headlines now the international criminal court has convicted a formal congolese warlord of crimes against humanity and war crimes. gander was found guilty of all 18 counts connected to the killings of thousands of civilians in the u. 2 region between 20022003. libyan warlords. preparing a 2nd offensive to see the capital tripoli his commanders say as many as 20005 this has been sent to strengthen forces in western libya after launched his 1st campaign to seize the capital in april. greece's new prime minister. has been sworn in his new democracy party won an outright majority in sunday's
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general election defeating the left wing syriza party the far right golden dawn was not out of parliament. germany's biggest bank is cutting $18000.00 jobs in the major shakeup of its business bank expects to make a $3000000000.00 quarterly loss because of the restructuring bank based in frankfurt failed to merge with rival commerzbank in april it's been struggling for years with the decline of its investment operations. russian airlines are no longer flying to georgia which spells problems for the tourism industry there russia's president banned flights following anti russian riots last month state media says it's no longer safe to have a holiday bad problem for us there walker reports from the mountain results of go daddy which is popular with russian tourists our base has been until now.
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russians will no longer be able to fly direct to georgia from july the 8th. that could take the wind out of the sails of georgia's tourism industry. who guides like gear are trying to stay upbeat. or. if the number of russian tourists go down there are a lot of other visitors from other countries so we're going to just adopt. the flight ban is moscow's response to russian demonstrations in the capital tbilisi protesters were infuriated by georgia's parliament inviting russian politicians to visit demonstrators accuse their government of collaborating with the enemy russian troops continue to occupy 20 percent of georgian territory it's breakaway region and south ossetia. now we're hearing georgia
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and this place called the arch of modern make up out of friendship between georgia and russia so in reality colonialism communism and conflicts have all too often defined relations between the 2 countries though georgia has a special place in the hearts of many russians. we love georgia which so happy to be here. nearly one and a half 1000000 russians who are ists came to georgia last year that's around 20 percent of the total number of visitors georgia's national bank estimates that fewer. tourists could cost the economy as much as 300000000 dollars this year and there may be worse to come russian tourists are coming for exactly this kind of experience being the great tourist. the beauty of the place. but georgian wine exports may be next on russia's banned list russian officials
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talk of tightening controls on georgian food and beverages russia is a major market it's very difficult to quantify the impact of the tourism ban or even the ban on flights and potentially the ban on wine and vegetables and fruits it's going to be difficult to quantify in terms of g.d.p. impact but what i think we can't quantify is the number of people who are going to be affected the number of people is going to be tremendously high it's going to be at least a half the population. but. that's because more than half of georgia's population works in tourism and agriculture. russian roubles they forced georgia to find new markets but until then the country could be in for a rough ride robyn 1st you walk i'll just 0 good dowry. alarming signs of global warming are appearing all over the world including in alaska the northernmost u.s.
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state is sweltering in an unprecedented heat wave. gallico reports that is helping to melt the fastest rate for centuries. in a state known as the last frontier there's no easy way to reach a glacier on foot for climate research of brian brettschneider though it's become an increasingly important part of his work below as the stunning sight of the portage glacier a vast structure of ice and rock that's been here for tens of thousands of years in recent decades this another glaciers in the region a melting at an alarming rate we're used to thinking about things changing over time spans that are longer than human lifetimes but when you come back here year after year and you notice with your own eyes not with any kind of fancy equipment but you notice how much it's changing it's really dramatic and it really causes you to think about you know where we're at and where we're going and what we can do about it archival images show the rate of change
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a transformation researchers say is driven by rising global temperatures one startling example of just how far and how fast this glacier is gone and perhaps this building it was constructed in 1986 for one reason alone and that was to give tourists a direct view of the face of the glacier but if you look out here now all you see is water and to get to the glacier it's a half hour long boat trip. the tom again cruise ship has been taking tory's out to the glacier for decades and deckhand david mazak joined a crew in 19971 tells us back then the portage glacier was very different. giant buyers of oyster shot up like bangor. they went up over 130 feet into the air . on the fly to declare you sure you had a huge bottle was the voice like big balls of oyster they would come crashing down . like this many of the tourists that take the cruiser away glaciers are
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disappearing for those who have traveled far to see one of alaska's most iconic sites there's a sense that this might be their last chance you can treat me faintly meet your. kind of have the best we can tell our children if it is wasting away like this then they will have anything to really. take you showed us a picture a while ago i think it was 914 and the lake was just like right here and now look up it is it looks like it's like 100 times bigger so. something is going researchers say the effects of global climate change can be reversed giving glaciers the chance to slowly recover but time is running out. and the galaxy is live for us now from anchorage in alaska and as you said there in your pool and the well the glaciers can recover but is anyone actually doing anything about it
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well not at the moment this is about radical policy change to basically reduce carbon emissions and if there is a lot at the end of the tunnel climatologists say that if that does happen the glaciers like the ones here in alaska will recover incremental a very slowly but they will recover but at the moment we have a president who has claimed that climate change is a hoax so nothing is being done by this administration but people here in alaska who are often quite kori to talk about things like man made global climate change you're really living with this as you heard brian in that report saying these are events normally measured over hundreds if not thousands of years but year to year people are seeing real change. and the how do people then feel about that is quite a bleak picture and coming on a time when trump today will be boasting about his environmental record yeah i mean it's almost laughable i mean here we are in alaska with an unprecedented heat wave you can see the mountains behind me all shrouded in smoke
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from at least 80 wildfires across this state but i think people here who are very much aware of the environment as this is a very outdoor kind of state see the changes and at the back of their minds they're wondering what to do about it the fires we covered just a couple of days ago the hot shot crews are spread thin across the ground they will have to reinforce it these summers keep getting hotter but i think the glaciers are the real indicator and if this state is a litmus test as often people say it is for global climate change it isn't just bad news for this state it's bad news for all of us all and the gallic of them thanks for that. amnesty international is calling philippine president. crackdown on drugs a systematic campaign of killing it wants the united nations to investigate what it says are unlawful deaths human rights organization says police have killed thousands of poor filipino suspected of using or selling drugs german island has
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more from manila. more than 2 years ago in manila the net cost to use on algerian was killed by armed men but she believes they were linked to the police the net blames president of the good of her to so-called mourned drugs for her son's death and she's become an activist speaking out against the campaign. killings should end the government should instead serve the filipinos according to government data more than 6000 people have been killed over the past 3 years an average of 6 every day but the rights groups believe the actual number is nearly 5 times higher for the last 3 years killings related to the war on drugs have mainly been in areas of the capital manila but amnesty international says in its latest report there are now concentrated in the province of bullock on in northern
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philippines in every police operation documented by amnesty international over the last few months the group says police claim the use of deadly force was justified as the suspect for officers but in many cases witnesses contradict that it also says it's down to another disturbing pattern police commanders who previously held posts in what was once considered the deadliest region for drug or killings metro manila have been promoted to senior roles in an extrajudicial killings there or what amnesty international calls e.g. case have since risen sharply. from the war on drugs. including in the commission of crimes under international law. establish the facts are going to turn. into big.
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ensuring justice we're going to. deter just government has this mist and this just with port and he says police operations will continue to be relentless and deadly amnesty international is politicizing the so-called extrajudicial killings in this country and the international is not the only group to investigate on the government's so-called drug war but almost all are gun is asians have the same appeal human rights investigators are calling on the government to revise its anti drug policies and make those responsible accountable they also say the international community has not acted swiftly enough we just emboldened many members in government to impose a wider crackdown on independent media rights investigators and political activists . duggan al jazeera mandela. caribbean island of barbados is expected to be the
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venue for talks aimed at resolving the crisis in venezuela opposition leader one of those says he will resume negotiations with a government delegation following similar talks in norway 2 months ago the self declared president is backed by more than 50 other countries including the us is unable to oust president nicolas maduro supported by china cuba and russia and president durham has announced he won't sack his defense minister despite reports suggesting there would be a shake up of the military leadership following a failed coup in april. but they've been named by the u.s. government as being a top official involved in negotiations with the opposition leader why though however he later went to nicolas maduro professed his loyalty. find much more now web site the address there for you al-jazeera don't calm.
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thank you. and this is al-jazeera time have a look at the headlines the international criminal court has convicted of former convoluted warlord of war crimes and crimes against humanity moscow and there was found guilty of all 18 counts connected to the killing of thousands of civilians in the jury region between 20022003 libyan warlord khalifa haftar preparing a 2nd offensive to seize the capital his commanders say as many as 20000 fighters have been sent to strengthen forces in western libya after his 1st campaign to seize the capital in april iran says it's now passed the cap of enrich uranium it's allowed under the 2015 nuclear deal the u.n. za tomic watchdog has confirmed the announcement the european union says it's
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extremely concerned by the development washington is threatening further sanctions following to iran's threat of enriching uranium to higher levels thank you thank you. at the touch of the british government says it regrets newspaper leaks of memos from britain's ambassador to the us which called the trumpet administration uniquely dysfunctional clumsy and inept kim derrick's reported comments triggered an angry response from president donald trump he said the ambassador has not served the u.k. well. greece has a new prime minister. baucus has been sworn in in the capital athens he's promising to cut taxes attract investment and create jobs his new democracy party won a clear majority in sunday's snap elections germany's biggest bank is cutting
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18000 jobs in a major shakeup of its business bank expects to make a $3000000000.00 quarterly loss because of restructuring heavy rain in china's eastern for jan provinces triggered severe flooding one thing city is the worst hit with several villages under water affecting thousands of people it's inside story next stay with us. defiant iran says it's exceeded its uranium enrichment account but european
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signatories to the nuclear deal say terran should stick to its commitments so what incentives are they providing and can europe save the agreement this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program i'm mr a iran is fed up with just talking and once action that's the islamic republic's message to the remaining signatories of the 2015 nuclear deal particularly the europeans tehran's warning that it's ready to act more decisively on its commitments under the agreement iran has already passed the 3.67 percent uranium enrichment cap set by the pact and couldn't reach even higher levels possibly upping them every 60 days but the country has said its actions are reversible if the signatories fulfill their obligations and that it's
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open to talks dosage of ari reports from tehran. it diplomatic advisor to french president emmanuel micron will be making his way to attack iran in the coming days that's according to iran's foreign ministry spokesman now this comes just as iran has announced that it's scaling back its commitment further to the nuclear agreement and they've given the european signatories another 60 days for them to respond to iran's concerns the foreign ministry spokesman our bus mousavi has said that the next 60 days will be critical for the european signatories of the nuclear deal to show that they are seriously committed to it their spokesman also said that iran is not going to count on anyone or doesn't have any high hopes for any specific country the spokesman for iran's atomic energy organization has also announced on monday that enrichment levels have officially gone above 3.67 percent which was the agreed level in the nuclear deal and it's 4.5 percent now better than
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the also announced on monday that the 3rd phase of iran scaling back its commitment will take place in 60 days and that's likely to include iran iran enriching uranium at 20 percent levels all this comes as the international community has condemned their once decision to reduce its cooperation with the nuclear deal for now the next 60 days being seen as the attempt by the rouhani government to allow the europeans to uphold their ends of the deal but the iranians have said that they will not stay in the steel at any cost it is up to the e.u. signatories to try and show that they are committed to this deal by up holding their end of the bargain. door such a party for inside story well now let's hear what iran's foreign ministry spokesman of us mousavi had to say. tomorrow we have no hope nor trusting anyone or any country but the door of diplomacy is open borders if the remaining countries in the deal especially the europeans do not fulfill their commitments seriously and do not do anything more than talk to iran's 3rd step will be harder more steadfast and
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stunning this on the now european parties to the 25th india have condemned iran's decision however france has said a dispute resolution mechanism that follows any party's breach of the agreement won't be triggered at least for now germany has to run to reverse all activities considered inconsistent with its commitments so as the u.k. which also said that while iran has broken the terms of the nuclear deal for us and remained for the committed to it. well let's now bring in our guests in tehran we have mohammad marandi he's the dean of wealth studies at the university of tehran in london ellie jeremiah she's the deputy head of the middle east and north africa program at the european council on foreign relations and in vienna via skype robert kelly he's a nuclear engineer top positions at the international atomic energy agency and at the u.s. department of energy's los alamos national lab welcome to you all robert i'd like
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to start with you explain the situation to all of us who wants nuclear energy experts this cap of 3.67 percent what does that actually mean the the exceeding off that 3 point $67.00 is a very low level consistent with nuclear power fuel is nothing to do with building a bomb it does indicate that they are capable of the rich in europe to a higher level going to find pursued is a very. small increase it's. well i would say it's it's proof that they are not working rick bomb because group of 3 groups accepted by his own. a very minor thing that they're doing the whole reason they're doing this is to get the attention of the u.s. mohammad marandi in tehran let me ask you is this all then just a symbolic gesture what will this potentially enriched uranium be used for because tehran has said that it's going to i mean the enrich what it needs the iranians
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have as your audience knows they've been abiding by the nuclear deal since day one and ever since the united states last year exited the agreement the iranians have been in full compliance as well so since the europeans have been basically abiding by trump's demands they have not been protecting their businesses they have not been protecting their business men and women of their banks or their insurance companies so therefore effectively they are part of the trump led sanctions and that is in complete violation of the deal. so after the americans left the europeans literally begged the iranians to stay in the deal so that over the next few weeks the europeans would work something out well a few weeks became more than a year nothing happened and the iranians said that the only way left for us is to begin decreasing our commitments to the j.c.
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feel way to begin putting pressure on the europeans to abide by their commitments so when the europeans get upset with the iranians about decreasing their commitments the iranians feel that it's this is a euro cent there's a lot of euro centric arrogance here because it's the iranians who should be complaining about the europeans so even though if the iranians are states step by step moving away from their commitments and there's still a lot of commitments left which we can get to later but they have said that if the europeans start abiding by the deal in other words ignoring trump importing oil facilitating ordinary trade between the u.s. and iran then the iranians would reverse all the steps that they've taken over the past few weeks it's pretty simple and i think it's quite clear to anyone who looks at the situation objectively that the iranians have the right to be angry and that these are the necessary steps that they have to take to get the attention not of the americans but of the europeans well given that we're talking about euro centric
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arrogance let me bring in ellie ellie on sunday we had a money from the french president and will threaten tehran essentially warning that consequences would necessarily follow now that this cat has been passed but at the same time he's also trying to get everyone back to the negotiating table is this a change of tone or is this a carrot and stick kind of situation. look i think the europeans are trying to tread a very careful balance here about not coming across as naive on the nuclear issue as far as the trump white house is is positioned but also ensuring that they don't push iran into an even tighter corner that are already feels under the u.s. sanctions pressure now what we've seen from iran at the moment is a very managed and calculated escalation on the nuclear fall which from the european side still doesn't seem to have hit their red lines we're not sure what the red lines are at the moment but clearly what we've seen is very small
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incremental exceeding of these nuclear commitments which again as your previous guest mentioned are quite low on the spectrum of nuclear activity and can be reversed and managed if there is enough diplomatic efforts made in the next with few weeks or months ahead what i'm seeing from the european side particularly the french initiative is to try and buy some time through a diplomatic pathway with teheran in the run up to the u.n. general assembly in september to really try and change the dynamics around the nuclear deal to stop the escalation both from the american side on piling on greater sanctions from the iranian side on withdrawing from its compliance now one of the things we might well see from the european side in the summer days is an outreach an even greater out reach i should say to the white house to see if they can create some flexibility and breathing room as far as iran's oil exports are concerned which is
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a really critical issue for to ron if it is to indeed stay compliant to this deal the other element where the europeans are really focused on diplomatically in technically is trying to really launch this mechanism for trade with iran known as instax which many had thought would come about by by this time unfortunately there is there has been some problems with that but we're hoping that this is going to be imminently facilitator. certain transactions and trades between european companies and iranian companies just to show ron something tangible is on the table for for sticking to this deal indeed and i want to ask you mohamad and tehran about that so this deal instead of trying to get around u.s. sanctions essentially is that not enough of a symbol to tear around that that that europe wants to be on board with this deal. you know it's it's very little unexceptable for the iranians instax is an empty vessel and unless there is money in the system it's value this so in order
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for a trade to take place the europeans must allow and protect their companies to do business with iran so companies who want to import oil they have to be protected from the americans and the americans are basically interfering in internal european affairs or turn telling them who you can trade with and who you cannot trade with so the europeans buy some calculations the european economy is larger than that of the economy american economy by some calculations the european population e.u. population is larger than that of the united states it's ridiculous to believe that the europeans don't have leverage over the americans the chinese are defying american bullying and they are the imports of iranian oil are on the rise as we speak the russians are defying the americans it's the iranians just simply don't accept argument that the europeans can can't and the fact that the europeans could cooperate with countries like russia china and other major players in the
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international community if they did that if they did that sort of cooperation there's a very little that the americans can do so insects can only work if. european companies are allowed to work in iran or if the european governments are too afraid to stand up to the united states and protect their companies then the european governments have to purchase iranian oil in the place of their companies but this alone this mechanism is an empty vessel it doesn't do anything unless there's money flowing through l.a. and london i want to ask you a little more about that is there the capacity for european governments to actually extend a hand to to help protect companies from from u.s. sanctions and went beyond that and is that the space or is also has to stop pacha singer rang in oil if if companies aren't going to do that because companies are the ones who are going to have to bear the risk. so over the past year or century
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there was an experiment face for european governments and their companies to see really what is the impact of u.s. unilateral sanctions on their economy now looking a year on we see that it is extensive vast and probably greater than and anyone had predicted a year ago in europe we had easier far have been doing a really extensive study into europe's capabilities to respond to us 2nd do sanctions and unfortunately the way the economies are intertwined at the moment creates a really easy ability for the us to weaponize it sanctions against european governments and their companies now what we're seeing in stakes is the very 1st elemental steps towards a longer term roadmap for response to this economic state craft that we've seen from the united states unfortunately for iran right now it doesn't seem that europe either has the capacity or the political willingness to to circumvent or undermine
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u.s. 2nd do sanctions so it's very clear that in stakes at least in this initial phase is going to be restricted to facilitating humanitarian trade with iran it's going to probably get a credit line from certain you governments and it's going to only perhaps in and later stage connect to other economies 3rd countries like for example india or japan or china of for now the idea is to keep the ambition smaller limited to be able to actually get this mechanism on its legs or to prevent it from being shot down on arrival by the white house or the u.s. treasury and to create something bigger and this is the promise that europe is giving to iran now the ball is in toronto court to decide whether that is enough or not and i would agree perhaps with your earlier guests that part of what we're seeing from iran now here on of waiting for europe is essentially to say that europe doesn't right now have the capacity to deliver on the economic fall and really the escalation. or seeing on the nuclear issue or other other aspects in the
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region is to try and create that bridge for possible negotiations that include directly with the united states and that case let me speak as well to robert he has backed within the u.s. government and the terms of the state of the 2015 deal and seemed pretty clear in terms of preventing the production of a nuclear weapon but president trying to said he wants a better deal and that's what triggered all of this in your mind what would a better deal involve what kinds of of terms could be improved from the 2015 to. the people who negotiated the 215 deal realized they couldn't cover the whole waterfront they couldn't deal with terrorism and missiles and things like that they felt that the nuclear explosive was the thing that pose the most threat to the middle east into the united states so they limit it to a fairly small set of things i think that was a very smart wise thing you've done drunk. from time to time says he thinks it should be missiles it's actually to be terrorism he doesn't understand what was
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done before and that's what makes him so dangerous is he changes his mind everybody and there's no understand what the purpose of this was a better deal i think just sticking to this year would be a good one trumps montreux these days is he won't iran develop a nuclear weapon well j.c. periods doing now. it's important to i think to realize that iran has not withdrawn from the j.c. pierre way as mahmoud was saying it's just a matter of they are changing the terms slightly within the j.c.t. or they're still there the i.a.e.a. was able to determine the next day that they started to increase the amount of uranium they were producing there they texting now within one day that the enrichment is going up and it's iran that's leading the i.a.e.a. to these places and saying you have the right to come here every day let us show you where you should be making measurements and see that we're telling the truth so they're not out of the deal they're very much in that the u.s.
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who's out of the deal well let's go back to karen and mohammad marandi i want to ask you a little more about the father. the father enrichment of uranium beyond what we're seeing now so the threats in 60 days time they're going to up the if in which meant levels and then potentially continue upping then 60 days beyond that where does this all end. well they get it depends on the europeans because the europeans have commitments and the iranians are not going to accept any change whatsoever to the j c p o a because a change in the j.c. a means basically that iran will be appeasing trump and that would lead to a very dangerous situation every time trump wants something from iran he'll start threatening the country again you wake up in the morning and you tweet new sanctions new demands so there's no way the americans keep talking about or some europeans keep talking about
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a new deal i assure you there is no way that that is going to happen this is all that iran is going to accept many in iran never accepted the deal they thought it was a bad deal it was a huge debate in iran many say that they were being given to any concessions that they were too flexible but at the end of the day all sides agreed to the deal and as your previous guest rightly pointed out other issues could not be put on the table because the differences were so great what the americans consider as terrorism the iranians consider resistance like when israel invades lebanon iran's support for the resistance in lebanon or iran. the you that the united states and the saudis have been supporting extremism in terrorism in syria and starvation in yemen and so on the differences were so enormous that the talks would have led nowhere to nowhere so we have an agreement both sides gave concessions both sides have people who are unhappy about it but at the end of the day both
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sides have committed themselves to it and again if iran were to accept new conditions that would be going down a very slippery slope towards extreme danger and therefore there's no chance for that so if the europeans want to save the agreement they have to take a stand they are vulnerable to the united states but the united states is vulnerable the iranians simply won't accept that argument if the europeans want to be relit. and they have to or they want to be seen as relevant they have to be relevant they can't say we can't do anything but also want to sit at the negotiating table i want to ask ellie a little more about the u.s. pressure that we're hearing so much about we also saw british minute marines onboard and seize a reining in tanker off the coast of japan. is that an example of europe giving in to u.s. pressure. well it seems to have sparked a discussion internally within the e.u. as well in terms of european union sanctions framework there is now
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a spat between the spanish government and the u.k. government about authority to carry out this activity and there is this perception definitely inside her on that this this operation was conducted at the behest of the white house now it will be interesting to see if iran indeed actually takes up a legal challenge for the release of tanker and and essentially puts a legal challenge on to the u.k. for for this activity because there's a lot of question marks about whether this activity was actually legal under the e.u. sanctions framework in itself but that's a question to be worked out certainly what we're seeing now is that the fire wall that was put in place between the nuclear deal and other areas of contentions issues between iran and europe for the last 4 years is starting to deteriorate and the more skill ation we're seeing on one area is going to have impact on the
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nuclear deal and the political relations between the europeans and the iranians i do think it will be important to see if both the u.k. and iran in this circumstance can come up with a diplomatic route out of this for cooler heads to prevent this from escalating further because at the end of the day the u.k. is a critical party to this nuclear deal it's active it's an active shareholder of this insect mechanism and it could be an important intermediary when it comes to how iran and the united states liaise going forward especially once the domestic leadership questions about the premiership in the u.k. are resolved in the coming weeks well let me ask robert a little more about these growing european or or u.k. and u.s. tensions because the. bassa to washington and some leaked comments describe u.s. policy on iran is incoherent chaotic says it's unlikely that u.s. policy on iran is going to become more coherent any time soon because this is
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a divided administration robert who's driving the hardline approach within the us administration and what's the aim of all of this. those were really quite amazing comments weren't they i think we all enjoyed them and i think a lot of people saw the truth in that as elie has pointed out maybe we're going to see a little more in the u.k. here in a few weeks who is driving miss i think the u.s. is speaking with very many voices it's very hard to tell who the voices are some of them are constant like bolton imposed peo haven't changed their mind bolton has a terrible conflict of interest as almost a paid spokesman for m e a i me k. in the past so i don't know why he's even allowed to participate in this interim pairs of is talks in most sides of his mouth all the time so i don't know how you can say who is who is speaking there one thing i do think though about this business of the u.s. withdrawing from the deal it's very odd that the u.s.
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thinks it's the worst feeling ever that they continue to fund the i.a.e.a. is j c p o activities and by funding the j.c. pierre way activities the u.s. is keeping their hand in the game and collecting very valuable intelligence they couldn't give any other way this is a place where the europeans could really step up and say you're not part of this deal anymore you can leave the deal maybe we'll even have to make up the money that you're contributing to j.c. perience purchase but if you're out you're fully out and that would be something europeans could do very legitimately to to tell united states you're not welcome here while saying as the u.s. is keeping its hands in the deal let me go back to tehran and balad i'm going to give you the final thing had very briefly can you tell me is the iranian now dead or is that time to save it still. well it's thanks to the iranians that it's not dead because after trump left the deal and the europeans began by they doing it it
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should've been dead but the iranians had patients they shows to teach it patients for 14 months and now even as they decrease their commitments they're doing it in a way to preserve the deal for as long as possible but there is no doubt that ultimately if the if the europeans do not abide by their commitments then the iranians will leave the deal and they will gradually. decrease all their commitments until they reach nothing and i think the downing of the us drone a $200000000.00 drone twice the price of an after $85.00 by a $20000.00 iranian made missile is very symbolic that the iranians both have the will and the competence to defend themselves and i think it's very dangerous for the british to carry out such piracy or the saudis or the m.r. ati's to go along with american policy like this the iranians have no option but to protect their sovereignty and if push comes to shove the iranians are not going to back down so it's a very dangerous for washington to play a game with
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a chicken with iran well certainly a very dangerous game of chicken it is indeed well thank you to all our guests mohammad marandi elie jeremiah and robert kelly and thank you too for watching you can see the program again any time by visiting our website al-jazeera dot com and join us for some further discussion go to our facebook page that's facebook dot com forward slash a.j. inside story you can also join the conversation on twitter and our handle is at a.j. inside story from in style and the whole team here by. from
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this is al-jazeera. hello i'm sorry say than this is the news out live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes. counts 8 and. guilty of sexual slavery as a worker for mcconville aids ward bosco and ganda convicted by the international criminal court for the right thing rights and killings. the list of the most dangerous regions in the world is out your number say the americas are the deadliest countries on earth. hello there i'm christi paul in london with the latest from europe including. probably very serious consequences if from when we find out who's responsible the u.k. government to hold an inquiry into leaks memos that brand u.s.
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president donald trump's administration dysfunctional and inept. and turbulence on the horizon to join. just as an industry as russia stops all flights to the country . in sport the wimbledon adventure is over for 15 year old corey goff the teenager's grand slam run is ended by former world number one simona halep. a former convoluted swallow has been found guilty of 18 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity by the international criminal court nicknamed the terminator bosco and gun oversaw widespread attacks on civilians and recruited child soldiers the charges relate to the ethnic conflict in the democratic republic of congo nearly 17 years ago malcolm web reports. boss current again has been in armed groups since 1998 when he was 17 years old
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prosecutors in the international criminal court accused him of committing atrocities during conflict in the democratic republic of congo in 20022003 he's been found guilty of all 18 counts who was crimes and crimes against humanity with which he was charged a scant term scum one guilty of murder a scrying against humanity as consonance to guilty of murder as a war crime and finally as consonance count 18 killed the or destroying the adverse salis property as a war crime is that a gun you may sit down. the charges included murder rape conscripting child soldiers and sexual and slave meant during conflict
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in congo visit to re province judges detail the massacre of at least $49.00 people in a banana field behind a village and the children who had been. or had their heads crushed on to gun those orders thousands of civilians were killed by militia connected to the hammer and lendu ethnic groups but the armed groups are widely seen to be partners or proxies of the government of congo uganda and rwanda i don't think that he's there obviously the biggest fish to be made. and that has been it's the same and that has been levied against its accepted. it's supposed to trade bearing the greatest responsibility you took 17 years when crimes were committed for the i.c.c. to eventually convict and to gun death and violence in a tory problems hasn't stopped dozens of being killed and thousands of fled to neighboring uganda following fighting in the last few weeks but other rights
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activists say the i.c.c. successful conviction is a step forward and that some justice is better than no justice in the region where people responsible for atrocities are rarely held to account malcolm webb al-jazeera nairobi kenya. the u.k. is adamant the seizure of a new rainy and all tanker in gibraltar was not a specific action against iran the foreign office says it's being held because it was carrying oil believed to be destined for syria in breach of sanctions in place since 2013 iran denies it was bound for syria iranian foreign minister divides that it is demanding the tank is immediate release calling the seizure piracy that sets a dangerous precedent lawrence brennan is in a jungle for a fessor of lore at fordham university joins us now from new york good to have you with us so is this the u.k. trying to deescalate the situation i trust all sides will
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try to deescalate it it's a dangerous confluence of a series of events and this is one and the most recent but there's been 6 or 8 weeks of growing hostility dealing with freedom of navigation aviation rights on high seas international waters and straits. this is not going to get resolved immediately the sense of urgency may be unilateral if at all the court process will take some time. we've had recently situation of claims against iran that it was behind the targeting of tankers in the arabian gulf and other areas and now we're hearing claims from iran that aids tank is being targeted unfairly is there a link you know all of this. i don't think there's a link there's a significant difference the allegations against iranian action in the gulf in the
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strait of hormuz and most importantly in the gulf of oman are a significant outgrowth of a longstanding 40 year series of disagreements and conflicts involving tanker trade and other trade the gulf of oman attacks were the 1st time that claims were made of rainy and action hostile action outside of the persian gulf outside of the strait of hormuz and that's an expansion the case involving the tankard grace one seized in gibraltar was done by legal process a fairly common concept an admiral t. law this is different this involves sanction violations but sanction violations have resulted in seizures for centuries and condemnation of the legal process will be driven largely by the facts and the facts seem to have been changing initially the ship was represented to be a panamanian flag ship iran now has published he made statements that can be easily
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interpreted as they are the owner of the vessel which would make the the ship stateless and subject to universal maritime jurisdiction and similarly the cargo it was either was originally documented as coming from iraq and now apparently was a rainy an oil if the court is going to resolve this this will be done over a long process involving discovery and other matters. litigation like this whether it's civil litigation between commercial litigants or nation states gets resolved one of 3 ways somebody walks away and gives up. unlikely in most cases particularly this. the parties sit down and they agree to disagree but agree that they can come to a compromise that's unpleasantly acceptable to everyone and that's the majority result in civil litigation in the united states and in most western nations or the 3rd one is they try the case they take appeals and they run the process for years. it's
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hard to predict what is going to happen here until we know what the real positions of the parties will be more interesting analysis than thanks so much lawrence brennan let's join our senior political analyst on the shah is live for us in london model what do you make of all of this well it's very was very interesting to hear you know an international law perspective on this unfortunately i think this is going to be much more of a play of geopolitics than it is over international law clearly there are 2 stools stories right to not if there's one is that gibraltar added the action its own and its order member this is a 35000 citizens entity. that it carried the decision. to take over the arabian ship and that the brits are happy with
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it and that the americans are happy with the brits the of course there's the other narrative that the americans gave the british the order and then the orders given gibraltar's the order to carry on the. takeover of the ship so which is which we don't know because this is really evolving like a mystery. the spanish foreign minister says it was the america that give the orders the gibraltar said no we did we took it on our own and our supreme court now is discussing that there's going to be 2 week delay many people are skeptics they think this is not the kind of thing that either gibraltar or even the u.k. would takes on its own without an american green light or an american instruction on the other hand there is of course the iranian the iraqi angle to the story or is not it was an iraqi or no but it's actually no rain in oil and everyone knows that iran is trying to evade the sanctions and it's trying to do all kinds of an orthodox ways to ship its oil to sell it spoils it to various countries around the
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world and probably the most controversial of all would be the assad regime in syria and if indeed iran is sitting at the oil to the assad regime that's not of the not a good thing certainly it falls under the european sanctions but then it poses the next question should the europeans or can the europeans do this to rein in ships throughout do the europeans themselves agree on this that this is within the mechanisms of sanctions against iran most of the answer to this is in a great area and seriously there is no evident clear answer to any of it for the time being. it is a very murky area thanks so much feel thoughts on that not only shot of the. more people are killed at the hands of other people than they are by armed conflict that's according to a new study by the united nations that half a 1000000 people died from homicidal violence in 2017 that's more than 5 times the
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number killed in armed conflict over the same period the most dangerous region in the world is the americas with the highest killing rates in honduras salvador and venezuela europe and asia were the safest areas china japan and germany topped the list although the homicide rate has increased over the past 25 years the actual global rate has declined when measured against population growth let's get more from this then rob rails who's live for us now at the united nations so what's driving the rise in some areas then well some of you according to the report organized crime plays a particularly important role in driving high homicide rates the situation in central america in jamaica in other countries that topped the list as you mentioned a few moments ago.


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