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tv   The Stream 2019 Ep 114  Al Jazeera  July 18, 2019 7:32am-8:01am +03

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i am one not. although one of those who volunteered to use a b o 2 faced miserable conditions in the forests and steep river valleys of heavy rain tropical disease and fick jungle russians were in short supply gloom when. they don't need to be excluded that the budget the government companies would do it they. had to bribe them corny not bold enough to be a good we were nobody deluded enough more crime than no other. inferior african soldiers in persons' forces was subject to the same military discipline as all its other troops however in reality there was some notable differences there were barred from becoming commissioned officers and from disciplining lower ranking white soldiers more disturbingly corporal punishment which the british army had officially outlawed for decades elsewhere was still used against african troops
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throughout world war 2 beatings one not uncommon where you are where you were the one we're all going to ok them we're going to need them in by we my weemba or did. i let you know when he went down one would normally be forgotten but go ahead think you know we're no where to. go didn't know now what the idea. how do you know i mean i know. who i'm not at between that will. have thieving eyes as. well. not them because he wanted the media but the war there. was not one of britain's willing recruits he was sent to ethiopia and somaliland as a signalman relaying messages between units it will run even though the room seems to me that i think. i'm going to be brought back. my god you are building
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the war you are going to go. the route because there are no. live with your. high ranking. we have no worries we out you know ways that don't. get more not. way through here now go big yet. again or by wednesday night that the. very night that you know by one. but if the harsh discipline grew to come back to hard to back they were compounded by the treatment that soldiers like you said be a receipt when the victory came discrimination would not be limited to the war yes . once a soldier left the yummy person paid him a lump sum known as award for serious but this payout wasn't only based on the soldier's rank and the length of his service it also reflected his cologne you
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origins and ethnicity this document long hidden in britain's war shines a light on this racial hierarchy the government paper reveals that white personnel even those living in african colonies could receive 3 times the amount of their black counterparts different levels of compensation meant that the colonial regime placed a different value on african life and it on european right european settlers are considered to be more civilized and therefore more deserving of a higher payment verse in the state's interest color extended to asian personnel recruited in british east africa to these troops received less than their white comrades but more than african soldiers. are now where did go a bit there. but the they. they were. they were going to get. when japan surrendered in
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1945 percent prioritize demobilizing as white troops putting black soldiers to the back of the line many africans remained in asia for 2 years after the war had ended although their role in the war was praised by winston churchill and others before long cash strapped brits and was soon quietly downplaying the contribution that african soldiers had made to the allied victory there was explosive propaganda directed at african soldiers trying to remind them that they were had only played a small role and that they should not have high expectations they didn't mean that they gave me nothing. i didn't go on. even when soldiers came back their war wasn't over many veterans brought the trauma of conflict into the family home or. know what was in the well it's a little more. they are not. a new
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political namang but as a man no money no. idea. why i look at it or are you going to. do why do what the boys will lead to one. woman no no there's no more. victorian before you is a kenyan scholar on a mission to preserve this vanishing history she believes that africans who fought for britain should not be so cross late grandfather served as a world war 2 medic his service instilled in her a passion for the era my grandfather talked about his wartime experiences when the young children with. school but not. to the point of being told that kenya. during the war propaganda ministry produced a pamphlet about this east african soul which is which distilled the air is condescending
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views in the 1st picture this was a military man from this little kingdom their own material the 2nd picture is talking about a finished product this is modern warfare. new mindset towards african people as negative they believe they were less just by looking at this they were made to look like simple people these races in that they were not very valued that high at the time if you felt this person was invaluable to that extent then you should not have involved them in the office right so go do your was but don't call other people to help you if you cannot see them for their true. but not everyone has forgotten the wartime heroics of britain's african veterans lusaka international airport the former brigadier of britain's colonial forces is
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arriving for a week and zambia. david williams is president of the kings african right was association the regiment for which he said and once fort william has flown in from england to pay his respects to his african comrades at a memorial event my roots in africa are a very deep i was educated in what was southern rhodesia. as kids we used to spend a lot of time in the bush it was a very good life and much enjoyed it one's heart remains in africa for me williams says destination is a small town in the far north of the country. he's travelling with a crew of history buffs and descendants of colonial era commanders who were stopping off at key points along the way to remember the fordham i was commissioned into the 1st battalion of the king's african rifles with a lot of time spent in the bush on exercises getting to know one's men and forming a good bond they are very fine so do's and they have proven to be said.
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the african soldier. had absolute innate qualities. when you goes into the bush he is immediately like a hunter. a british soldier often find you have to impose a discipline in whereas an african is very very well equipped. one looks back with fond memories and of course one having established that bond with the african so does one is continue to to be keen to fulfill what one regards as a sort of obligation towards them they fought for the defense of the british empire . and western values and a time when that was threatened. on their journey of remembrance williams's entourage spend nights at the colonial era mansion some of those present
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at their grew up in a colony or served in britain's armed forces with. cigarettes. you know and you know. there's no question when i was growing up we were living in a country where there was a measure of racism i mean i think on the most positive thing you could say was a form of paternalism one was establishing good principles of rule of law and education great infrastructures in the country. those of us who lived in africa we were living at the end of a near this was obviously going to change overdue for change. we were all of members of our association passionately committed to making sure that we honor the legacy of all african soldiers. racism that turn a listicle or otherwise was ingrained in the fabric of the british empire and some
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forces but that doesn't negate the fact that many individual british officers felt and continue to feel a deep sense of loyalty towards their african comrades even in the 1000 foresees some commanding officers on the record as standing up for african soldiers and demanding baby provided with pensions to this day williams's organization and the royal commonwealth tech services league raise funds for these that buy them at least they are not forgotten they will. all know. what. was made. by. among the v.i.p.'s at the event is the former chief of the u.k. armed forces general lord richards to him britain's mistreatment of african veterans and the poverty they face today is a national disgrace we should be ashamed that they're from the su fought for our
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country are living in poverty we have an opportunity in their twilight years to get that right it's not too late we could still make amends we're talking about people who fought for us in the most horrendous circumstances surely if britain and the british people mean anything it's about generosity of spirit. i think all. political leadership sometimes doesn't remember that this is a battle that's not yet. the u.k.'s ministry of defense did not respond to our repeated requests for comment yet there are signs that government policy could be changing in november 28th as the world prepared to mark the 17 read of the end of the great britain arms to 12000000 pound package to help impoverished veterans and war widows from commonwealth nations but senior officials insist that this relatively modest sum is 8 not compensation it's not designed
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a time what it is designed to do is provide some very practical support what my department core mission is to relieve the extreme poverty. of the commonwealth but we're living what we consider to be extreme poverty so that means that they'll be able to get good nutrition they'll be living in dignity but critics are clear while these men are in urgent need of aid the injustices they suffered under british rule must also be richer rest it wouldn't cost a great deal of money printed vidual someone who studied this destitute men who were in some way harmed who were not well really integrated into their home societies then there may be an opportunity to rights and wrongs. despite persons new aid package david williams still feel is
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a deep sense of regret about the past treatment of african soldiers that is not something that i think we should be proud of and certainly wouldn't fit into the ethos of what those of us who served with african troops would would wish to have happened but if it did happen we have to face the fact that you know times were different i don't believe it's it's it's something that's worthwhile of you know part of what is we feel obliged to do is to make sure that we look after people who are in need. we can provide better and with at least a meal a day and hopefully 2 meals a day. we do our best to help them. more well. more. good than the. local those few veterans still alive were not be with us for long
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a few 1000000 pounds from the u.k. government to pay for me while helpful is not much restitution for past injustices what many want most of all is for recognition. all form of a trans have been afraid that they have been forgotten completes many of them died with experiences but the minutes they die that's gone but we need to talk them fast we should not let them die with. time is not a lost sight when they are sought they need help they need assistance let them die knowing someone can't about. this film 1st appeared the u.k. government has come under pressure to provide more significant restitution to the public its black african veterans but in june 29th team defense ministers told m.p.'s they had no current plans to do so.
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information indicates that you have or associates or a gang that is going to crack at least apartment it has the potential to be biased in a number of different ways there are too many opportunities for the computer to get a wall who's checking those offices who commit those they to entrance is wrong to be saying that your son the shinai is wrong to my it's a kilo becoming a suspect before the actual crime and in-depth examination into preventative policing pre-crime on al-jazeera.
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after 25 years of affording the world's waist china through the global recycling industry into chaos. the growing pressure of agreement skies is resulting in change we bring you the stories to the shaping the economic world we live in. counting the cost 0 of. the latest news as it breaks as more people move here for opportunity space gets limited. with detailed coverage with the full say that they've been without electricity and water for several days . from around the world all the day over 30 years
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ago and get this area remains one of the most heavily following in the world. this is al-jazeera. and i'll come i'm to be gopalan you're watching the news hour live from doha coming up in the next 60 minutes. the u.s. congress votes to block billions of dollars worth of arms sales to saudi arabia. it has claimed hundreds of lives now and a bowl outbreak in the democratic republic of congo is declared an end to national emergency. turkey has taken off the at ford f.
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$35.00 fighter jet program but says the u.s. position is unfair. and a top turkish diplomat shot dead while dining in the capital of iraq's northern kurdish region. we begin with breaking news that the u.s. house of representatives has voted to block some sales of arms to saudi arabia now lawmakers have expressed concern for human rights abuses in the saudi led war against yemen and last month the measures passed the senate with the help of several republicans u.s. president don trump has repeatedly though promised to veto those resolutions for more on this we can now cross over to mike hanna in washington d.c. mike tell us more about that vote well it was 3 separate bills that were voted on
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back to back all of them dealing with weapons sales to saudi arabia and the united arab emirates these bills had already been passed by the senate in the house they went largely according to party lines some 4 republicans and an independent so join the democrats in the house in voting for the measure so now these bills are likely to go to the president what is going to be expected is that he will veto the problem but the spools of the other ones before is that neither house or senate is able to get a 2 thirds majority which would override the presidential veto so these bills are likely to end up on the floor with the presidential veto absolutely certain and oh why do you why is the u.s. or why is the president and particular so reluctant to impose these kinds of sanctions or to stop arms sales to saudi arabia. well president trump has argued
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continuously that the relationship with saudi arabia is exceedingly important he sees the profit from such arms sales as important to the united states and even the murder of jamal khashoggi which infuriated many within congress still kept the president on course in his relationship with saudi arabia and now in april the bowl went to the president of trying to end u.s. involvement in saudi's war in yemen not that was vetoed by the president the president continues to insist that despite to the murder of jamal khashoggi despite congress's and get this despite congregational concern about u.s. involvement in that war in yemen he is going to continue to maintain the relationship as is with saudi arabia business as usual as many in congress would put it so certainly this is something that is of congress as not the measure has fully infuriated members was president trump's decision to invoke emergency
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legislation to bypass congressional refusal to sell arms to saudi arabia citing an emergency involving iran many in congress sold this as part of a presidential attempt to circumscribe the powers so they layers of and in congress about the relationship with saudi arabia but once again that presidential veto likely to override any attempt to get a 2 thirds majority within house and senate thank you very much mike hanna in washington for us well donald trump is about to speak at a rally in greenville north carolina now we will be going there are correspondent kimberly how kate is standing by later on his program. able outbreak in the eastern democratic republic of congo is now an international health emergency the announcement by the world health organization was made just days after the virus spread to the city of goma it's
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a major regional hub on the d.r. seas border with rwanda ebola has claimed that misa 1600 lives in the region in just the past year catherine soy has this report from nairobi. after hours of deliberations by the margin c committee of the world health organization over the status of the born in the democratic republic of congo members have decided it is a vigorous international response is concerned about spreading them from. getting way. too far in their cases were infected in the city. these days appointments that there has been a recurrence of the tense transmission in beit sahour that the geographical expansion of 500 kilometers. or defined going forward for. the meeting was called off top preacher who travel to
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temple about 200 kilometers north of the city of goma to pray for the sick tested positive on his arrival back he died this week. at the border between goma and rhonda health workers taking no chances rhonda has already told citizens to avoid traveling to go. the w.h.o. warned against closing buddhas and district intreat. government officials say many of those who came in contact with the preacher have been vaccinated and it's unlikely it will spread farther but there are still concerns is a key city. i can't afford to be afraid because if i'm scared of carrying someone or get no clients that means no money so why should i eat. what will be do now children because of this i'm very watered. more than a 1000000 people leave here and sitting at the tip of lake it's easy to travel to
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other countries in the region as well as other parts of the d r c. nations in affected areas have intensified this is benny in north cuba province where there is concern that more people are getting sick there's also concern about the disease spreading to uganda health workers in south west uganda vaccinating people who could have come in contact with the congolese woman who visited the bees in ponder market to trade a few days ago she died of a boiler when she returned home the government says she did not cross a formal border point where she'd been screened this is the same region where a child tested positive for a bowler last month after his mother took him back to d'arcy to bury his father the child later died adding to a death toll of more than 1600 in the past year cathy zoi al-jazeera.
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while a new case of the virus has also been reported in uganda fuelling concerns it may be spreading beyond the democratic republic of congo and 3 points between the 2 countries are being screened after a congresswoman crossed the border to sell fish died on her return to d r c dozens of people are thought to have come into contact with her. and on monday the congolese city of goma recorded its 1st case of ebola since it is it the 2018 outbreak it's home to roughly a 1000000 people and it's raised fears the virus could travel across the urban population and into rwanda. we can now get more on this from peter j. hotez who is the dean for the national school of tropical medicine at baylor college of medicine and he joins us live from houston and texas thank you very much for coming on the program it's good to have you on the show. that p. h. i.e. i think the public health emergency of international concern has only been invoked
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very few times what does that this now help the d.r. see to do in tackling the spread of hiv bola well thanks for having me the public health emergency for international concern you're right has only been invoked a few times since 2005 when the measure was authorized and the refers to what they call an extraordinary event in which might spread internationally so there's concern now that it's gone into gone which is on the rwanda border that it's going into uganda that this could go well beyond democratic republic of congo and the other reason for it is to garner international resources there have been some international resources brought to bear but the w.h.o. the world health organization is concerned because they've made a request for $98000000.00 to fight this epidemic and so far they receive less than half of that so i think the subtext of this is by declaring this public health emergency it might stimulate some of the donor countries to come up with the full
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$98000000.00 request and dr there is a vaccine now available can you tell us about how that's being used and whether how effective that will be in combating the spread. yeah absolutely this vaccine has been a game changer i think if it weren't for the vaccine so far about 100130000 people have been immunized against ebola if it wasn't for the vaccine we'd be looking at a situation similar to what we saw in 2014 when the ball is spread across guinea liberia and sierra leone of course then we had no vaccine and if it wasn't for the vaccine and going on right vaccination programs going on right now we could be looking at a situation as bad or worse as what we saw in 2014 so it so far it's been highly effective by some estimates the vaccines been more than 90 percent protective and this really has been is what i call a game changer it's made
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a huge difference things would be far worse without it right now that the outbreak in that we're seeing in d.r.s. he said to be the 2nd biggest in history it's now reached densely urban population how much of a concern as that particularly for the rest of the continent. it's a real concern because we saw what happened when ebola went into the urban areas of guinea liberia and sierra leone back in 2014 the health care workers attacked 7 deaths so the question is what's going to win out the vaccine or the ongoing hostilities an easter democratic republic of congo and i think that's the other reason for declaring the international health emergency to garner those resources to make sure that the vaccine wins out in the end dr peter hotez from baylor college of medicine thank you very much for taking the time to speak to us.


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