Skip to main content

tv   NEWS LIVE - 30  Al Jazeera  July 20, 2019 7:00am-7:34am +03

7:00 am
from up close that issued a correction saying the money was for his own campaign and he didn't know about it i have come to the conclusion they do these in marriage to the allegations relating to their suspicion of money laundering as alluded to in the complaint launched the interested exposed to serve to the risk of it conflict between his private interest and he's of the show's responsibilities the public protector says she has evidence that as much as $28000000.00 was channeled through various campaign trust and other beneficiary accounts linked to run of course a good one this is from a poor search should have declared the donations to avoid a conflict of interest she wants both the president and c.e.o. of the company governed watson investigated for money laundering this is gone beyond the parameters of simply a parliamentary misdemeanor it has got into the realms of criminal justice and certainly it will provide ammunition for several rommel pauses enemies within them
7:01 am
within the a.n.c. who we know are many to go after his continued leadership of the party the public protector's verdict means that i'm up or so i will have to declare all donations to his campaign within 30 days the president says he'll study the report and make a decision on any further action corruption continues to be an issue the governing african national congress is battling not only is president facing a scandal of his own his predecessor president jacob zuma is appearing some would say reluctantly before a commission of inquiry into state corruption during his 9 years in office zuma concluded his 4th day of testimony after withdrawing from proceedings saying he was being treated unfairly but later said he would return to the witness stand while so africans are looking for answers the promise of a corruption free south africa appears to be elusive for leader mullah al-jazeera pretoria south africa. much more still ahead on this program from london looking at
7:02 am
why kosovo's prime minister has resigned for a 2nd time. and then a bit later 14 stories 55000 square meters and $1500.00 cans of paint no less we need a man painting the world's largest 7 year old. hell of a day of bitter war wouldn't go amiss with it and that should be the promise for adelaide sas which we've had cold to dry but actually fairly stormy weather in this part of a sort of ticky tells me in bits of victoria well there's the picture for saturday 90 degrees in the breeze of the interior it will feel quite nice in melbourne maybe not quite so good in hobart having had overnight rain per 16 well it looks promising and in the sunshine will be ok but that's as bit of
7:03 am
a chill breeze coming in from the west 18 per on sunday with cloud around the coast drop in temperature by a good 5 degrees for adelaide unfortunate the wind direction is so critical now in new zealand the rather slowly revolving storm system isn't very stormy it has brought a lot of rain recently it's on its way but it's a slow process so i suspect the picture is going to be one of british skies for the north or claim particular but if you're further south and to east coast the south island that looks pretty fairly wet is a generally improving trade trend there i think 13 or 14 in brightening sky and sunshine and sunday he's a good one now directly north we're talking about tropical cycling weather windy but especially wet for south korea. on counting the cost the trillion dollar lunar bounty 50 years off the man 1st
7:04 am
stepped on the moon we find out why there's a scramble to return and the number of people going hungry has risen for the 3rd year running we find out what's gone wrong counting the cost of you. will not. welcome back a look at the top stories this hour iran's revolutionary guards are saying they have captured a british oil tanker in the strait of hormuz it comes on the day
7:05 am
a court granted gibraltar the right to detain an iranian tank a suspected of smuggling oil to syria for another 30 days meanwhile iran's state t.v. has also add footage it says was filmed by a drone the u.s. claims to have destroyed proving it returned to its base. and our other top story south africa's corruption watchdog says it has found the president so around the posts and deliberately misled parliament and question about the donation to his campaign fund. benevolent supreme court has ruled that dutch peacekeepers were partly liable for the deaths of 350 muslim refugees they handed over to bosnian serb forces in srebrenica or in 1905 a case is groundbreaking in may set an international legal precedent for countries which contribute troops to peacekeeping operations but the court also reduced the degree of state liability from 30 percent to 10 percent angering relatives of the victims as paul brennan now explains the bereaved relatives of the mothers of srebrenica group of 40 for more than 2 decades for justice emerging from court they
7:06 am
were bitterly disappointed. i'm shaken i'm surprised but i will never forgive them i will never let go of this new. part of charlie's server needs said july 995 a crisis became a massacre thousands of terrified muslim civilians crammed into the u.n. compound seeking refuge and when serbian forces entered the town for 400 dutch un peacekeepers were outgunned and outnumbered women and men were separated an early 8000 men and boys were taken away and murdered the supreme court case focused on 350 muslim men with a dutch peacekeepers had handed over to the serbs despite knowing the man would probably be murdered but the judges estimated that the men would have had only a 10 percent chance of survival even if they'd been allowed to stay inside the un compound the outcome is that the state bears very limited responsibility in the case of the mothers of subpoenas. responsibility the liability is limited to 10
7:07 am
percent of the damages suffered by the remaining relatives of $350.00 male refugees who were staying at the compound of dutch about the dutch case is regarded as groundbreaking in establishing that governments can be held liable if the peacekeepers they send on un missions fail to protect civilians during armed conflicts but it's also being legally controversial on the dutch advocate general had called the liability irrational the claimants believe it's the 10 percent decision that's irrational 0 and a or whatever those that are called they admitted 10 percent of liability but that still means that the admitted responsibility and i think the defense ministry of the netherlands and their government are responsible for genocide in srebrenica and it doesn't matter one percent 10 percent or 100 percent they are responsible it's not clear what level of financial compensation the relatives might finally get that will be decided in
7:08 am
a separate court case paul brennan al-jazeera health officials have been struggling to contain an ebola epidemic in the democratic republic of congo well the health organization has declared the situation in an international public health emergency and their affairs that a lack of leadership on the ground is going to need to an even bigger crisis our diplomatic editor james bays reports from the united nations. once again africa is confronted with one of the world's most contagious and deadly diseases 1600 deaths in the democratic republic of congo and for now cases of abode continue to rise the last major outbreak of the disease was in 2014 then the u.n. set up a special mission the united nations mission for a boat and see response or. tony banbury was the u.n. official in charge he's been watching the response to the latest outbreak with
7:09 am
frustration we need a much more comprehensive response and until that happens until there's political leadership in till there's a crisis operations leadership on the ground we're just going to see the current a ball a crisis in the d.s.p. get worse do you believe that political considerations perhaps have trumped the the public health ones here i heard a very senior official from w.h.o. on the radio saying one reason they delayed declaring an international public health emergency was precisely because of opposition within the dear thing government it was said loud and clear by a senior official and for those of us who were thrust into the 2014 crisis very late in the game it was devastating to hear that frankly because that was one of the big mistakes from the 24th crisis the un's top humanitarian official admits that the global response to a boat is badly on the funny did we hope there will be
7:10 am
a much stronger international response one of the things i have been noting is that the response i think to the last it by outbreak which attracted this. state has. involved $2000000000.00 in an area to graphically which is comparable to that. we're dealing with an east india see now with a population which is not so wildly different we have at the moment only a fraction of that in 2014 the crisis was even seen as a potential threat to international peace and security the security council met to discuss the situation no such meetings are planned this time but mr bambery who 5 years ago was the one brief the security council says that shows there's not yet the global leadership needed to defeat this latest outbreak jamesburg al-jazeera at the united nations. kosovo's prime minister is resigning for
7:11 am
a 2nd time because he's been called to appear in front of a war crimes court in the netherlands next week ira deny it was a rebel commander and the cost of the liberation army he went on to become prime minister it resigned from his 1st stint in the job in 2005 when he was indicted by the u.n. war crimes tribunal for former yugoslavia which tried and acquitted him twice is now holding kosovo to hold a snap election to find a replacement for him. as from this moment we are in resignation as a government the reason is that they have been invited to be questioned as a suspect but a special court where i will appear next week saw i consider that they cannot go to the question who is the head of a governor but as an ordinary civilian as a revolutionary. a 41 year old man suspected of an arson attack on an animation studio in japan is said to have accused the company of
7:12 am
stealing his ideas animation fans have been laying flowers outside the kyoto studio for the 33 people who died fire officials say the building did not have any sprinklers or indoor hydrants installed most of the victims were found in a stairway leading up from the 3rd floor straight to the roof it's japan's worst mass killing in nearly 2 decades. at least 2 people have been killed and 12 missing after a massive explosion at a gas plant in central china the impact of the blast shattered windows and buildings in a 3 kilometer radius of the pond and left 18 seriously injured deadly industrial accidents have been common throughout china in march an explosion at a chemical plant in eastern jiang shoe province killed 78 people. the relatives of hundreds of people who died when the ferry they were traveling on sank have lost their case for compensation 852 people died when the m.s.s. went down in the baltic sea in 1994 and what reports. the
7:13 am
m.s.s. stoniest sank in the baltic sea in the early hours of the morning almost 25 years ago 989 people were on board when it set out from estonia persuaded and only 137 survived. 4 years survivors and the victims' families have been fighting for compensation but a french court has now thrown out their case to. them it's very disappointing i know the judiciary compensations have been pronounced against the victims quite exaggerated to say the least of the 2022 years of proceedings i think the victims could have been through. it has been a long journey then for the families to get to this point they were seeking damages of $46000000.00 from a german shipbuilder and prince that if occasion agency which it said the ship was sea worth 8. but the court ruled against the family's claims impound there was
7:14 am
a lack of intentional polt attributable to either my avast or bureau bury tass. many still want to know how this accident could ever have happened survivors reported how the car ferry travelling between talent and stock sank in freezing water within minutes an investigation back in 1997 found that the rough seas had caused the bow daughter open flooding the conduct and criticised the crew. most of the victims' bodies were never a car but the more amazing the most deadly maritime disaster in peacetime european waters and the hayward inches are. thousands of people have. taken part in an anti-government protest in the iraqi capital baghdad demonstrators gathered outside the office of prime minister. they say his government has failed to provide basic services like water and electricity or to tackle high unemployment and those
7:15 am
shortages only get worse as the temperatures soars during the summer months meanwhile thousands of algerians of return to the streets once again to demand a change of government. it's the 22nd week since the protests began across the country demonstrations led to president i'm jealous he's due to feed his resignation and in his 20 year rule the mass rallies continued when his ally stayed in government protests to say they want a complete political overhaul with the ruling elite held to account for corruption . a california artist has chosen a 14 story building as the canvas for mural to picton the history of los angeles the giant work of art has been created by hand and is an ode to the city beyond the glitz and glamour of hollywood as brunell's reports. robert vargas is painting an ode to the city he loves and he's chosen
7:16 am
a big canvas it's 14 stories tall and $55000.00 square metres large towering over a parking lot right in the heart of los angeles this mural speaks about the history of los angeles its people the diversity and also kind of bridging the gap between the history of l.a. to where we are now as a people and honestly where we're going a few months from now the mural titled angelus will cover the entire wall of this apartment building the building's owner is paying for the project vargas says when he's finished undulates will be the world's largest mural ever painted by a single individual at its center is a depiction of a tongue vonne native american child representing the people who lived here for millennia before the land was ruled by spain then mexico and now the united states
7:17 am
at the top 3 angels fly triumphantly wings outspread vargas coaxed people from the bustling areas around the mural to model for one of the angels depicted is actually a homeless woman that is a frequent to this corner and i approached her and asked her if she would model for me and has a woman who doesn't. doesn't have much hope and now she is painted up there immortalized as kind of this beacon for hope there will be many more images in the finished work fargus uses no grids no outline sketched on the walls everything is done by hand and by the artists on i and this is what i'm born to do i'm so focused and i'm so much in the zone when i'm working that nothing else exists outside of of. where i'm at it's not easy work vargas has an assistant to oversee safety and check the harnesses the where the platform shifts and swings
7:18 am
underfoot and it's hot up there the heat painting in the dead of summer has been challenging because. the wall is is is baking in the sun i had one other question for the artist for it. at that it was before this apparently not when vargas finishes his magnum opus there will be a new landmark and a new symbol for the city of angels robert olds al-jazeera los angels. it's a brief look at the top stories before we go the u.k. is saying that iran has ceased to oil tankers one british flag the other british owned in the strait of hormuz tehran is now said the 2nd vessel has been allowed to leave its waters but earlier iran's revolutionary guard said they captured the british flag stina and para because it was not complying with international
7:19 am
maritime rules the company that manages it said it had been unable to contact the crew and it was heading north towards iran the u.k. foreign secretary has described the seizures as an acceptable we will respond in a way that is considered robust and we are absolutely clear that if the situation is not resolved quickly it will be serious cuts since it comes on the same day as a court granted the british territory of gibraltar the right to detain an iranian tank a suspected of smuggling oil to syria for another 30 days and iranian state t.v. is at footage it says was filmed by a drone the u.s. claims to have shot down iran's revolutionary guard says the video proves the at crawford turn to its base contradicting u.s. president donald trump's claim which was made on thursday. saudi arabia state news agency says the king has approved the hosting of u.s. forces in the kingdom again to enhance security in the region it quoted
7:20 am
a defense ministry official as saying king solomon's decision aims to increase joint cooperation in defense of regional security and stability and to preserve its peace the u.s. withdrew its forces from saudi arabia in 2003. in all the headlines south africa's corruption watchdog says it has found the president still run a post that deliberately misled parliament when question about 27000 donation to his party campaign fund from a poster it said he knew nothing of a $35000.00 donation while vying for the governing parties top job the supremes course in the netherlands has ruled that dutch peacekeepers were partly liable for the deaths of $350.00 muslim refugees they handed over to bosnia forces in srebrenica or in 1905 the case may set an international legal precedent for countries which contribute troops to peacekeeping operations well those are the top stories this hour there will be more news from doha in about 30 minutes time that's
7:21 am
after counting the cost which starts very shortly. carlo i'm hasn't sleeker this is counting the cost on your weekly look at the world of business and economics this week the trillion dollar moon bounty as india prepares to become the 4th nation to land on the moon we find out why there's a new scramble to get there the number of people going hungry has risen for the 3rd year running after years of improvements we find out what's gone wrong. and the multibillion dollar muslim fashion industry why are big brands buying into the trend. of 50 years ago this week neil armstrong became the 1st man to step on to the moon man's flotation when it was brief with
7:22 am
a dozen men walking on it the last in 1982 but now there's renewed interest china plans to build a lunar base by 2030 and nasa hopes to have men and women on the moon by 2024 over the next 5 years the space agency is expected to spend $30000000000.00 on this it's funding several projects from lunar landers to a mini space station that will allow craft to dock around the moon billionaire's iran musk and jeff bezos also spending billions to get to the moon and mars but there's a new emerging powers india is trying to become the 4th nation to land a probe on the moon the chandra and 2 mission hopes to land a lunar rover close to the south pole sometime in september the area of the moon has not been explored before there it hopes to find signs of water and helium 3 of us thought to be 1000000 metric tons of helium 3 on the moon only about
7:23 am
$250000.00 tons could realistically be mined but that would be enough to power the earth for at least 2 centuries each ton is estimated to be worth $5000000000.00 there are problems in getting helium 3 to earth though but because it is not radioactive it would not produce dangerous waste. on the indian space research organisations mission is expected to cost just $125000000.00 india has built a reputation for its low cost space exploration its budget of $1700000000.00 a year is just a 10th of nasa says 19000000000 india's 1st mission to the moon in october 2008 discovered water molecules on the surface we're joining me now from london is talk to ian crawford professor of planetary science and astrobiology at birkbeck college university of london thanks very much for being with us so its 50 year is since man
7:24 am
1st set on the moon why is there a race to get back there. well i think there are several reasons to go back to the moon but from a scientific point of view we've now had 50 years studying the apollo samples and the apollo data and ways now raised many questions and we now realize the moon can tell us so much more about the early evolution of the solar system that apollo didn't and so from a scientific point of view there's a tremendous interest in exploring parts of the moon that apollo didn't go to and there's been a growing interest as well in trying to mine the resources of the moon light water what do you think is economically exploitable i think the context here is that in terms of the future exploration of space if we can find things in space which we can use without having to lift out of earth's gravity then this will make space exploration much more affordable in the long term now water is one of those
7:25 am
commodities water is very useful essential for human life of course but also can be split into hydrogen and oxygen and the oxygen can be used to breathe and the hydrogen can be used as a rocket fuel so water's got multiple applications in space exploration and we've now realized that the poles of the moon probably do contain water ice and this would make this would be the in the in the near if you near east future anyway probably the most economic resource that the moon might have but that would be to enable future space exploration obviously we wouldn't mind water on the moon to import to the earth and we'd be using it in space. well what about helium 3 then indian and china seem very interested but your skeptical about the possibility of mining it on the moon helium 3 is a light ice a tape of helium so it's a form of helium with 2 protons and one neutron in the nucleus it exists in the
7:26 am
lunar soil because it's implanted by the solar wind and we know it's present in very small quantities in the lunar soils thanks to the apollo samples so there is speculation that helium 3 might be used to serve fuel for nuclear fusion reactors in the future to provide electricity on the earth i am skeptical about this part firstly because we haven't actually got any nuclear fusion reactors to work on the earth yet so it's a bit premature to start mining the moon for a fuel for something we don't know whether we can use it yet but even if we can use it it's a nonrenewable resource and it's present in very small amounts to make any sensible impact to the earth's 21st energy 21st century energy requirements you'd have to strip mined many hundreds of square kilometers of the lunar surface every year extracting helium 3 from it and then you'd have to transport that helium 3 to the earth to use in these uclear reactors that we haven't designed yet so i just think
7:27 am
the house to be a better way it's a provide the earth's future energy needs than mining helium 3 on the moon and what would it take what would it cost to colonize the moon does it depend essentially on os finding water there. i think talking about colonizing the moon it's a very ambitious thing that our law is probably a long time in the future i think what we should talk about colonizing we should be thinking in terms of establishing small scientific outposts on the moon so imagine bases on them in similar to the research stations we have home and talk to these research stations and i thought to enable a lot of science to be done on the continent of antarctica and simulate small scientific research stations like those on the moon would enable of an enormous amount of research to be done on the moon and then later a similar outpost on mars would help us explore that planet so i think rather than thinking of sort of a full blown colonize ation the next step is seti would be setting up small
7:28 am
research stations will likely as we have in antarctica but yes lunar resources would greatly facilitate the establishment of such research stations i mean water is a good example he wouldn't want to import water off into your main base from the earth because it for expensive to lift out of earth's gravity so if the moon has water of its own it would be much more economical to utilize that and the maybe other resources on the me and also that could be helpful in making a moon base more affordable and under a $967.00 u.n. treaty no nation is entitle to you know appropriate the moon but the terms of this treaty are more vague when it comes to exploiting its mineral resources aren't they how much of a in issue could that be. yes well it's potentially is an important issue the the $967.00 outer space treaty was a product of its time it lays the foundation for international cooperation in space
7:29 am
exploration but at the time that it was written no one envisaged the possibility of commercial operators acting on the moon or other planets so there is a pressing need to update the outer space treaty to make it more explicitly clearer as to the responsibilities of nation states but also the rules that would govern private entities on the moon and other places in the solar system so yes i agree it is important to consider updating the 167 outer space treaty to make it fit for purpose for space activities in the 21st century dr ian crawford thanks very much for being with us thank you. now the number of people going hungry has risen for the 3rd year running after years of improvement that's according to the united nations which blamed conflict climate changes and an economic slowdown globally more than 820000000 people or 11 percent of the
7:30 am
population suffer from hunger africa has the highest percentage with one in 5 people going hungry the number rises to nearly one in 3 in east africa according to 5 u.n. agencies more than 2000000000 people worldwide can't get safe sufficient or nutritious food as the u.n. agencies say conflict and climate change is having a huge impact on hunger in central mali thousands of people are struggling to feed themselves not been displaced by fighting the conflict between herders and farmers belonging to rival ethnic groups as led to the deaths of hundreds of people as it is malcolm webb reports from mali's mufti region i put a 1st call malaria then became constipated. her mother mary says they only have rice left to eat in their village and so eyes wait plummeted i wonder how do you mean i went to a pharmacy that the medicine didn't work so i try traditional medicine but we still
7:31 am
thin so i came to the hospital and we're still here there are always some severely malnourished children in hospital wards like this one in central mali worsening drought and extreme poverty play their part but the un says escalating violence in the region has made it worse. nearly 50000 people have fled their villages after a series of attacks by militia connected to the don't go on and fulani ethnic groups the landscapes dry at the best of times now many go on who are mostly farmers far from their crops and many forlornly herders animals have been stolen or killed banditry has made road transport too dangerous for centuries the river in asia played a crucial role in transporting food and other goods around this region these boats bring produce from farming areas and it's traded here at the port in the town of
7:32 am
martinis sacks of ground up rice husks will be sold and fed to cattle the interdependence between the herders and the farmers as lasted for centuries as well the herders buy food from the farmers and in the dry season the farmers pay the herders to take their livestock out onto the plains for grazing but that interdependence is now strained. hundreds of been killed in the last 3 months as militia connected to both groups of burned homes and massacred villages. many of those who fled to the safety of nearby towns are hungry. instead of handing out food un's world food programme is keeping credit on cards for people to buy from local traders they have the right to trolls on their free for this is helpful in the forgotten 30 years from their village this is for the dignity of choosing what they want to eat secondly it to boost. their standards to throw does and
7:33 am
those what it was the economy look at the economy and like most here strata matter jacket terry had to leave everything behind when her village was attacked and that may have been here well we really need is peace the crisis needs to be handled and brought to an end for 2 matter would be raising her children alone in a camp she says her husband was killed in front of her the attacks keep happening every week the piece she longs for seems a long way off. but joining me now from rome via skype is cindy holman she's a senior economist with the food and agriculture organization and co-author of the report the state of food security in nutrition in the world in 2919 good to have you with us so hunger levels are not falling right now according to u.n. findings what's behind that yeah this is important because what we're doing we're seeing a witness.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on