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tv   Counting the Cost 2019 Ep 29  Al Jazeera  July 23, 2019 8:32am-9:01am +03

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in everyway i live on the 11th floor i don't have electricity i don't have water because without electricity it can't be pumped i can't buy anything with a debit card i don't have any cash. i'm hungry and i want to eat but there's nowhere to swipe my card because none of the machines work with the financial crisis i can't even buy a hotdog with cash. police in puerto rico have fired tear gas so break up demonstrations outside the governor's residence there protesters want to resign accusing her of racism homophobia and corruption on sunday said he won't seek reelection but also wouldn't quit. members and one contacted brazilian tribe has been seen on the rare closeup video activists say the future of the our people is being threatened by increased well those are the headlines and next up it's counting the cost stay with us in south korea around 2000000 dogs are eaten every year but now animal rights groups want the ancient tradition taken off
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the menu when no one east investigates dark friend. has i'm sick of this is counting the cost on your weekly look at the world of business and economics this week the trillion dollar moon bounty as india prepares to become the 4th nation to land on the moon we find out why there's a new scramble to get there the number of people going hungry has risen for the 3rd year running after years of improvements we find out what's gone wrong. in the multi-billion dollar muslim fashion industry why are big brands buying into the trend. of 50 years ago this week neil armstrong became the 1st man to step on to the moon man's flirtation with it was brief with
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a dozen men walking on it the last in 1972 but now there's renewed interest china plans to build a luna base by 2030 and nasa hopes to have men and women on the moon by 2024 of the next 5 years the space agency is expected to spend $30000000000.00 on this it's funding several projects from lunar landers to a mini space station that will allow craft to dock around the moon billionaire's a long musk and jeff bezos also spending billions to get to the moon and mars but there's a new emerging powers india is trying to become the 4th nation to land a probe on the moon the chandra and 2 mission hopes to land a lunar rover close to the south pole sometime in september the area of the moon has not been explored before there it hopes to find signs of water and he i'm sorry this thought to be 1000000 metric tons of helium 3 on the moon only about
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$250000.00 tons could realistically be mined but that would be enough to power the earth for at least 2 centuries each ton is estimated to be worth $5000000000.00 there are problems in getting helium 3 to earth though but because it is not radioactive it would not produce dangerous waste. on the indian space research organisations mission is expected to cost just $125000000.00 india has built a reputation for its low cost space exploration its budget of $1700000000.00 a year is just a 10th of nasa says 19000000000 india's 1st mission to the moon in october 2008 discovered water molecules on the surface we're joining me now from london is talk to ian crawford professor of planetary science and astrobiology at birkbeck college university of london thanks very much for being with us so its 50 year is since man
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1st set on the moon why is there a race to get back there. well i think there are several reasons to go back to the moon but from a scientific point of view we've now had 50 years studying the apollo samples and the apollo data and ways now raised many questions and we now realize the moon can tell us so much more about the early evolution of the solar system that apollo didn't and so from a scientific point of view there's a tremendous interest in exploring parts of the moon that apollo didn't go to and there's a been a growing interest as well in trying to mine the resources of the moon like water what do you think is economically exploitable i think the context here is that in terms of the future exploration of space if we can find things in space which we can use without having to lift out of earth's gravity then this will make space
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exploration much more affordable in the long term now water is one of those commodities water is very useful essential for human life of course but also can be split into hydrogen and oxygen and the oxygen can be used to breathe and the hydrogen can be used as a rocket fuel so water's got multiple applications in space exploration and we've now realized that the poles of the moon probably do contain water ice and this would make this would be the in the in the near if you near east future anyway probably the most economic resource that the moon might have but that would be to enable future space exploration obviously we wouldn't mind water on the moon to import to the earth and we'd be using it in space. well what about helium 3 then indian and china seem very interested but your skeptical about the possibility of mining it on the moon helium 3 is a light ice a tape of helium so it's a form of helium with 2 protons and one neutron in
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a nucleus it exists in the lunar soil because it's implanted by the solar wind and we know it's present in very small quantities in the lunar soils thanks to the apollo samples so there is speculation that helium 3 might be used to serve fuel for nuclear fusion reactors in the future to provide electricity on the earth i am skeptical about this firstly because we haven't actually got any nuclear fusion reactors to work on the earth yet so it's a bit premature to start mining the moon for a fuel for something we don't know whether we can use it yet but even if we can use it it's a nonrenewable resource and it's present in very small amounts to make any sensible impacts of the earth's 21st energy 21st century energy requirements you'd have to strip mined many hundreds of square kilometers of the lunar surface every year extracting helium 3 from it and then you'd have to transport that helium 3 to the
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earth to use in these uclear reactors that we haven't designed yet so i just think the house to be a better way it's a provide the earth's future energy needs than mining helium 3 on the moon and what would it take what would it cost to colonize the moon does it depend essentially on os finding water there i think talking about colonizing the moon that's a very ambitious thing that our law is probably a long time in the future i think what we should talk about colonizing we should be thinking in terms of establishing small scientific outposts on the moon so imagine bases on the moon similar to the research stations we have home antarctica these research stations and i thought to enable a lot of science to be done on the. continent of antarctica and similarly small scientific research stations like those on the moon would enable of an enormous amount of research to be done on the moon and then later a similar outpost on mars would help us explore that planet so i think rather than
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thinking of sort of a full blown colonize ation the next step is seti would be setting up small research stations will likely as we have in antarctica but yes lunar resources would greatly facilitate the establishment of such research stations i mean water is a good example he wouldn't want to import water off into your main base from the earth because it for expensive to lift out of earth's gravity so if the moon has water of its own it would be much more economical to utilize that and then maybe other resources on the me and also that could be helpful in making a moon base more affordable and under 1967 u.n. treaty no nation is entitle to you know appropriate the moon but the terms of this treaty are more vague when it comes to exploiting its mineral resources aren't they how much of a in issue could that be yes well it's potentially is an important issue the the $967.00 outer space treaty was a product of its time it lays the foundation for international cooperation in space
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exploration but at the time that it was written no one envisaged the possibility of commercial operators acting on the moon or other planets so there is a pressing need to update the outer space treaty to make it more explicitly clear as to the responsibilities of nation states but also the rules that would it govern private entities on the moon and other places in the solar system so yes i agree it is important to consider updating the 967 outer space treaty to make it fit for purpose for space activities in the 21st century dr ian crawford thanks very much for being with us. thank you. now the number of people going hungry has risen for the 3rd year running after years of improvement that's according to the united nations which blamed conflict climate changes and an economic slowdown globally more than 820000000 people or 11 percent of the
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population suffer from hunger africa has the highest percentage with one in 5 people going hungry the number rises to nearly one in 3 in east africa according to 5 u.n. agencies more than 2000000000 people worldwide can't get safe sufficient or nutritious food as the u.n. agencies say conflict and climate change is having a huge impact on hunger in central mali thousands of people are struggling to feed themselves are being displaced by fighting the conflict between herders and farmers belonging to rival ethnic groups as led to the deaths of hundreds of people magazine as malcolm webb reports from mali's region i 1st called malaria then became constipated her mother mariam says they only have rice left to eat in their village and so our eyes wait plummeted. i wonder how we
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all mean i went to a pharmacy that the medicine didn't work so i try traditional medicine but we still thin so i came to the hospital and risto here there are always some severely malnourished children in hospital wards like this one in central mali worsening drought and extreme poverty play their part to the un says escalating violence in the region has made it worse nearly 50000 people have fled their villages after a series of attacks by militia connected to the don't go on and few lonny ethnic groups. landscapes dry at the best of times now many gone they were mostly farmers far from their crops and many forlornly herders animals have been stolen or killed banditry has made road transport too dangerous for centuries the river. played a crucial role in transporting food and other goods around this region these boats bring produce from farming areas and it's traded here at the port in the town of
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martinis sacks of ground up rice husks will be sold and fed to cattle the interdependence between the herders and the farmers as lasted for centuries as well the herders buy food from the farmers and in the dry season the farmers pay the herders to take their livestock out onto the plains for grazing but that interdependence is now strained. hundreds of been killed in the last 3 months as militia connected to both groups of burned homes and matter could fill it is. many of those who fled to the safety of nearby towns are hungry. instead of handing out food un's world food programme is keeping credit on cards for people to buy from local traders they have the right to trolls on their free for this is a form before god in 30 years from their village this is for the dignity of choosing what they want to eat secondly it to boost. their standard of the throw
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does and does what it was the economy look at economists and the like most here strata matter jacket take had to leave everything behind when have village was attacked and new years and what we really need is peace the crisis needs to be handled and brought to an end 40 matter will be raising her children alone in a camp she says her husband was killed in front of her. the attacks keep happening every week the piece she longs for seems a long way off. but joining me now from rome via skype is cindy holman she's a senior economist with the food and agriculture organization and co-author of the report the state of food security and nutrition in the world in 2919 good to have you with us so hunger levels are not falling right now according to u.n. findings what's behind that yeah this is important because what we're doing we're
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seeing or witnessing is a reversal and trends and terms of the long term trends of declining hunger hunger is now rising one of the key drivers is that we're we're showing that hunger is increasing in countries that are experiencing economic slowdowns or downturns or went to important we're finding is that it's not in low income countries but middle income countries so there's a leap between economic slowdowns and hunger is an important driver and can you give us an example of some of these middle examples of some of these middle income countries where food insecurity is a prob. yes i mean one of the things that we find is that many of the middle income countries that are experiencing rising hunger are highly dependent on commodity in primary commodities for trade and what is happening is that over the last few years primary commodities that like oil minerals fuel prices have been declining and this
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is affected the overall revenue that so for countries and it also affects the slowdown in terms of the economic performance so that so this link between the reliance and commodity parlance and also slowing economic trade is affecting hunger for example in africa many many and in middle income countries in africa are affected both countries agreed to achieve 0 hunger by 2030 under the sustainable development goals that means ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030 do you think that's that's achievable is are they taking the right approach well the simple answer is no or we wouldn't be seeing the trends that we're seeing in hunger and malnutrition and i think what needs to happen is that we need to look more closely at the drivers behind these trends and we need to start to take bolder actions hunger and different forms of magician or interleaved
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therefore it's not one sector that will be able to resolve this problem or address it it takes tackling it from many different angles for example agriculture health also economic policies and trade we need to make sure that households and the poor especially have access to affordable nutritious food and we need to protect our in terms of economic downturns so so when their lives need to be a different approach a kind of a paradigm shift we need to start thinking of hunger mao tradition as a human issue but it also is an economic issue if you. you look at the cost related to $200.00 our traditions are staggering asia and africa are the 2 regions that have the highest levels of hunger and malnutrition and if you look at under nutritional the projections are this could cause now level percent of their g.d.p. in the next few years also overweight in obesity which is
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a growing problem in asia and africa is estimated to cost $2.00 trillion dollars annually so the approach we're taking is not enough we need this multifaceted motocycle to approach it in all the governments private sectors. we need a transformation of our food systems we need a transformation of agriculture will provide healthy nutritious food just affordable cindy holman good to speak with you thank you now burbery dolce and gabbana and dk and why have all attempted to crack one of the fastest growing markets islamic fashion what started off with brands targeting wealthy muslims with one or fashion lines for religious occasions has now grown to a global trend for women who prefer to dress conservatively according to the pew research center muslims are the world's fastest growing major religious group by 2050 it estimates there will be 2700000000 muslims worldwide making up 29.7 percent of the global population and when it comes to islamic or the modest
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fashion sector spending is forecast to grow 5 percent annually to $361000000000.00 by 2023 a turkey is the biggest spender on modest fashion at $28000000000.00 a year followed by the u.a.e. in indonesia but it's not a one size fits all trend what's popular in indonesia may not have the same appeal in the middle east. let's get more now on what's driving the market joining me now from london is harmed. she is the founder and chairman of the islamic fashion and design council good to have you with us so let me ask you 1st of all now the islamic economy is growing and growing fast from food to travel fashion and so on what it what is islamic or modest fashion then and why do you feel the need to build a platform to support this industry well islamic fashion is by the parameters
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of what they call modest fashion today. it follows the guidelines of coverage that people adhere to in order to practice their faith the islamic faith but there's a strong secondary market as well from the jewish in the christian following as well who have similar practices and. we needed this this platform for a long time and this is not a new thing it's not a passing fancy it's been around since the beginning of time and it will be till the end of time and it's actually surprising that we didn't see a platform like this years ago and we came along we saw a need and it was desperately needed to be filled and what has helped it grow so fast around the world i think what's helped it to get noticed around the world is social media it's always been growing has them and that's what's amazing about this
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industry is that the opportunity has always been there we've had a huge consumer market you know for a long time in the end primarily led by the muslim global population which is the fastest growing population in the world it's indeed a coveted consumer and and finally this consumer is being noticed and getting a nod from brands like dolce and gabbana. and why you know victoria beckham tommy hilfiger all of them now as our eye has come up with their own ramadan collection and. and really i think it's because they noticed that on social media there was huge following wherever you have these. muslim fashionista or modest fashion influencers who were able to don a great stylish look and yet stay within the parameters of the modesty guidelines that they follow
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a many big names in fashion they used to you've mentioned there have in the past tried to to to crack this market but didn't succeed why is that do you think. what i think still there's hits and misses and i think that's that truly boils down to not understanding your audience there's not a huge learning curve but there is some due diligence required here it's a completely different mindset it's a different audience it's a different consumer behavior and if the brand can understand that they will succeed. you know there were a few of these brands that kind of didn't do it right the 1st time around some of the ramadan collections that 1st came out didn't quite get the point and consumers spoke about that and there was a lot of chatter on social media where the fashionistas were feeling like they weren't being represented correctly so remember there is there are certain guidelines that need to be respected. and you know this is
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a lifelong journey for them so they're not doing it this season and out next season and if you do get this audience you've got a consumer for life or are there any young muslim designers start ups that are succeeding in your view and. well the young muslim designers and startups that are succeeding are doing so because they understand this market and perhaps they are the market as well. the reason i founded and started the sonic fashion and design council is because i felt either misrepresented or not represented or under represented and i initially thought perhaps it might be a good idea to come up with a collection or a line of my own. that would sort of speak to a professional woman who wants to cover and yet remain stylish and elegant and all the things that that you see in our in our mainstream counterparts and that was
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very hard to find so 2 coming up with the council was important because there was no agency or even the local chamber of commerce that could for vijay with the basic information that could guide you in succeeding in this in this consumer market and so that's what we did and and it just keeps growing and growing from there com thank you for being with us thank you germany's comedy because all rushing to get electric cars into production and onto the road but how realistic is it to maintain an electric car though mccain reports from the heartland of germany's vehicle making industry still got. this is the e.q. see the sadie's most recent venture into the electric car market a vehicle for their green ambitions to replace fossil fueled engines says leon had gave. every possibility to change the recuperation notes so in some situations you want to get back to smarter energy as possible it's clear maceda sees aleck
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trick as a long term investment but what about long distance driving it with the traditional weakness of battery powered they were seen spencer q.c. of us 471 kilometers of fully electric range so far more than 95 percent of every day driving this is totally sufficient of course there are distances for example if you drive from here from step closer to where this is not sufficient and therefore we have always had a standard on the car the so-called d.c. frost charger which allows you to recharge the car in 40 minutes which is a break you probably would do anyhow i'm such a distance so is that right there not just give me the case let's find a half hour we can drive. as it stands the car is saying we can drive it for more than 300 kilometers before recharging many green campaign to say this is not a problem because most daily journeys are only around 20 to 40 kilometers so it's
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fine for urban driving but out here on the outer band comes the real test driving at high speed. right has dropped considerably this means we want to carry on. and that is another traditional shortcoming to these sorts of cars in germany a glance at this map shows the distribution of charging points right now on the face of it there appear to be very many but some people think society needs to think more creatively to make electric cars feasible such as providing charging points in lamp posts and other existing streets. half the fun of africa and what to do is a lot and we are convinced that it is a good solution in areas where drivers park their cars for longer periods of time and we see from statistics that cars are charged where people park for longer and that's usually at home or at work and so we want to have a way for people to charge their cars close to home. back in the e.q.
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see our 3 hours behind the wheel almost it's time to head back to base the car says it can go another 200 kilometers or so manufacturers say electric power is the future of the german car industry and that is our show for this week remember you can get in touch with us by tweeting me at. and use the hash tag a j c t c when you do or drop us an e-mail counting the cost of al-jazeera dot net is our address as always there's more for you online at c.n.n. dot com slash c.t.c. that will take you straight to our page which has individual reports links and entire episodes for you to catch up on that's it for this edition of counting the cost and has a secret from the whole team here thanks for joining us the news on al-jazeera is next. thanks to making loans to some friends because behind the suffering millions of taxpayers because most taxpayers never go away there's a new one born every single day and it is an urgent national necessity because
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officially requested the education of the support mechanism we created together because i happen to live in greece somehow i'm a sinner i'm a bad person. that's machine on al-jazeera. thank you thank you and the differences. and the similarities and cultures of class that. al-jazeera. the 23 year olds mohsen has collected objects he finds along the coast. enough to fill his museum enough to break a guinness world record armed with a story for every object he's become an environmental activist an inspired artist
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under voice for the part of countless markets. much music such on al-jazeera. hello i'm a star and with the top stories on al-jazeera iran says it doesn't want to see a confrontation with the u.k. over the seizure of a british flag oil tanker the u.k. is demanding that the vessel and its crew be released and once a european led naval mission to ensure safe shipping through the strait of hormuz the stand off will be a priority for the incoming british prime minister by the attempt to be boris johnson but i think it can. maybe. ending it would be impossible. start.


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