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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  July 26, 2019 9:00pm-10:01pm +03

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one will come here often here. every man or women or child around here is coughing has a problem of coughing as appropriate his skin some of them up only to. the man who . says. he them i want to test in your question i want to work with allied. question that needs. over one and a half 1000000 south africans live in townships like this. at the foot of mine tailings mountains. that the south of it gets into off one week this past week think this but so that is why so many people are here this is the silence. this dust doesn't just make people vomit or cough several children in the neighborhood suffer from severe neurological disorders. or who you know for years you know it.
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you know i live it. is 6 years old. she suffers from a paralyzing brain disease are you doing well lately however her family saying the tondo was born perfectly healthy the problems arose soon after the roof of the house was under repair at the time and the dust from the mine cotton specially this dust you pull your kid in the piece. before you sleep you must face. that and everyone kids oh yeah a few weeks later the 1st signs of illness appeared in the years since the tundra has been unable to. communicate with her. when she she was to be changed. yeah and then she she kicks it is ok arrow maybe when she wants you
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to go i said richie she kissed. him and she screams no. do you know she has to go say you want to. poverty has always prevented the family from being able to prove a link between attenders illness and the mind dust but they are no doubt if there are other like under her own was the same symptoms same health issues yeah i do know and they there's a pinch out there it's going to go down the only problem is that they are ashamed of their kids all and here they don't want anybody knowing how my day kids in this situation there's 2 of them opus tells us in the industry for them to have them or many of them you know personally personally strange is one thing they paid me to do you only find in here this is actually centered it in my angel tonight today telling them to do today they don't think so but if you go outside of any distance from here in leave you me never find this key.
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to find out whether the dust from the nearby mine tailings really is the cause of peace illnesses. must climb snake park hill. it has been abandoned ever since the mine was closed. access is supposedly forbidden there's nobody guarding the site which extends over 4 square kilometers while i'm out of the all for about 60 miles from us which rivers each. day so then do me a turn the dishes. will sue me to. take 500 grams of the sun. the dust that's growing over the village but no. on
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the way down he finds a green lake at the foot of the slope. it's used mostly to area gate adjacent farmland or residents also give it to their livestock sometimes their children even bay the net of this will. ok if i can put in will do. for the. mean you have put it. frankly linda is professor of environmental studies at northwest university in south africa given to me. linda is also an expert on mining allusion to government the world health organization writes with his help has developed a scientific her took a test kit for different wood to pollutants yes so i'm at the bottom of the mine turnings there's some water all around i was wondering which parameters fish do you think i should analyze 1st in the water if you want to.
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try to. elevate. your i. thought it would seem recently gone by. so. missouri. if it comes. to getting arsenic which is a medical. exam. room you can. see. all the usual suspects if you put it like that.
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just so you know it was all. says all the. the maximum and they were going to continue to pose for them. it's impossible to analyze everything there and then so must takes another sample to check for more pollutants later. but the tests have already thrown out some serious questions. after some convincing one of the country's top 3 gold produces agrees to a meeting. with the. gold fields 8750 kilograms of gold was mined at the site last year. the team can't go underground into the mine itself and the company will only allow them to film surface operations we get all from from the stuff. but i know you will see it on the front but there's numbers. coming. out including we are doing
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a plus minus $5500.00 tons. per day i mean we have reaching out on 3 on a ton to our depends on a lot of viability and how many times of oil is there. so there or that you see on the still fall is what i mean at the plus minus 5 days but done that's always great currently. only 5 grams of gold for each ton of coal mind that's a remarkable ratio. and it means a huge amount of residue to be disposed of. the precious metal is separated from the rest of the world and then heated in these killings. nothing to make goes there we used to i'm i said sorry not that you're pretty major i can make those you know prices and the quarter macguineas in-city got. occurrences that c.p.r.
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so you add all of these together with the worth of. the last stages the cost at $800.00 degrees celsius for 40 minutes. the end result told us. at 82 percent purity each weighs in at just over 16 kilograms and is worth around $538000.00. goldfields makes 5 of these gold balls a week. producing 16200 tons of residue you equivalent to the weight of 2 of france's eiffel towers. the company has wasted human lives here on this he said constantly 24 hours a day by these pipelines connected to the factory. within a few years this hail will become another steep mountain of debris reaching up to
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70 meters high. andrew passons and stephen joseph are its grand architects. what's in there. what it is it's. well it's it's what's left over from the from the extraction process it's the rock that. held the gold. and what's left behind off the gold has been removed so it's silica and other materials it's the sand. and other metals but many silica is there any other metals for example there. could be trace amounts but but very small concentrations. and some of the gold also there is uranium sauced deep has very little uranium minutes or so. there's very little uranium. in the us in the stomach you. will get really.
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knocked off and i think the numbers around about 40 to 50 grams a ton 40 to 50 annually south african mining companies extract 10 times more uranium than gold the uranium is then abandoned leaving behind radioactive mined tailings so the kind of control you do the samples you are talking about is on daily basis the gold from. but the radiation 50 would probably be. ok or. over time the waste produced by south africa's gold industry has formed increasingly large radioactive heaps dumped outside in the open air. according to official estimates the mine tailings surrounding johannesburg now contain an astounding 600000 tons of uranium the quantities are so high that in reality the mountains of waste should be classified by the state as nuclear installations they
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should be confined and secured and kept at least 500 meters away from any residential area but those rules are routinely ignored as here into the shaft a township with over 20000 residents. of. oil bruno sherry ron is an engineer in nuclear physics and an expert from korea ratched a research association in radioactivity when i was i was government on the. that commercial school shaken too much you must. feel there will be a little bit. also paul nordstrom's on the wall you offers all the moves you want a focal to do so this you know i make sure the group on television come in to detect the presence i know my point of view to see not just their young men came up
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it even to be able. to do is it true that you're an evil doer risk or deployed in your she told us either your mom and. me to join in our community i don't is. but i don't want you to do when this point 300-0000 because you. and you cannot still gounder. on a cell with a country let's hear from the us for. i just don't. know i guess you want to force me to try to. place you know. this. feeling you get fine i. do think it was only. 4.
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$192.00 close on a letter that. master has discovered that radioactivity levels here are close to those in the exclusion zone around the site of the 1986 nuclear disaster he follows the grazing animals to eric from gomez nearby farm. erik keeps around 40 goats and a few sheep none of which seem to live very long lead them up of all if they last week last week. one month one months of all yeah yeah and do you do you have a lot of baby though most because of your. writings show then said as for success this is a. eric wants to show us the most common symptom amongst his flock. they want to. know as well and. know what you must.
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but this is the fungible one it is. so you. want to learn. and i mess. so when you see these every day what do you think. was the. i would tell you but it's the bins. it seems as though eric's goats have radiation sickness but evidence is needed. we are close to the mine tailings far. look really sick i mean according to you do you own or do you think we should have some goal of the animals.
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have to take samples from 2 goats intended to be used for meat consumption including one who is blind. i come up with the result of a trauma fatboy the instructor thanks for you but i. must turn takes the samples to be tested at south africa's council the scientific and industrial research. here here's the water from the tailings just across the trading. it is used as a rigorous no water jesus us immigration and also for almost a drink we also had some more full samples train shows than were the store was contaminated as low made competitors and so what can you what can you look for
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years almost all day then ever the man goes by did and then couldn't i was like oh you know now i'm your lead you know what as in the uk which are fair in trucks and can basically when. we need an expert to get them in order once we get them then the trays and on our group right. as he waits for the analysis time returns to the investigation in part 2. of the shocking results come in he shares the news with some of those affected and comes face to face with an industry insider what i found particularly scandals to take the worst possible material which is you rainy i'm grinding into dust comparable to flour and make a hill out of it and put it into place where people live pity is a colossal bad idea. if you want to learn what the world might look like very soon got hungry and hungry
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isn't an extreme example of the predicament the whole world is going through. since mass gratian story we had bonds clashes between the cultures and the problems that the culture of that is. harshness. raiding the us is a is not comfortable with european culture this is not like food rations. triumphal march. dreams of conquest and love global try. this is very very uneventful glide to us depressing us without resistance we are past the danger has already happened. it was then just 10 years ago. now this is it. and the war on terror begins with but it does not in there no terrorist state poses
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a greater or more immediate threat than the regime of saddam hussein's regime that has something to hide they had prepared a significant propaganda machine and guess what not one w m d shite was found in iraq since about 1991 iraq a deadly deception on al-jazeera. i'm sami's a down in dog with a look at the headlines here in al-jazeera now sanctions on north korea paid to be having a devastating effect on its economy shrunk why the most in 21 years according to figures compiled by the south central bank but it doesn't appear to be having an impact on the north's military ambitions come young says missile tests this week
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were a warning to its neighbor in northeast nigeria at least 2 people have been killed in an attack by boko haram fighters on one of the region's biggest camps for internally displaced people the army says the raid near may the good was repelled. tunisia is observing 7 days of mourning for its president 92 year old bergy card the subsea who died on thursday his body has been taken to the presidential palace in carthage he'll be buried on saturday the subsea was replaced by the speaker of the parliament hum of the nasser he'll leave the country until an election is held on september the 15th the un is demanding immediate action after the worst mediterranean tragedy so far this year as many as 150 refugees and migrants are feared to have drowned off the coast of libya on thursday around 300 people were on
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board 2 boats that left the town of homs east of the capital hundreds of activists have packed inside the main terminal of hong kong's airport as they continue their call for greater democracy this is the scene in the main arrivals area crowds are trying to take their message to international visitors they're angry at what they see as china's growing influence on hong kong's affairs the government response to weeks of mass rallies protests began over a planned extradition law that have grown into some of the largest in decades a record heat wave is continuing across western europe paris recorded its highest ever temperature on thursday and 42.6 degrees celsius records were also set in the netherlands belgium and germany a gang of armed men in sao paolo brazil a stolen $40000000.00 worth of gold another precious metals from an airport cargo
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terminal authorities say the 8 suspects were dressed as federal police it's back to toxic city in. thank. you. hank we. thank.
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hank sheinkopf. hundreds of strange mounds lie scattered around johannesburg south africa's most populous city but they aren't a natural phenomenon they are mine tailings waste heaps left over from south africa's hugely profitable gold industry. many are also said to be dangerously toxic awash with heavy metals and poisons and radioactive debris. with expert help french journalist must time to do is getting that content scientifically analyzed. but one night while he waits for the results he gets
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a mysterious voicemail message hello i heard your interest. money where your around. in their mind well i would go into a mental geologist me up for a while and i would very much appreciate you you know you're going to come around again i will work about it thank you very much. the message is from a geologist eagle club chick after a 20 year career in the mining industry has now left it disgusted by the industry's failure to have his warnings about dealing with its waste i'll tell you what i found particularly scandals to take the worst possible material which is you radio grind into dust comparable to flour and make a hill out of it and put it into place where people live that is a cause colossally bad idea when you when you said i would go on were you doing reports where you listened at that time i will have written lots of reports i must have some sort of a record in emails probably over the over 100 so after
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a while you know i was explaining look what you are proposing costs money i mean 1st of all you have to decode the contaminate. it's the land that is number one number 2 you can actually pump tailings all the way back where you got them from grapes them with up just a few percent of cement and you can get rid of tailings this way is really basically to put it to normal you put it back to where it was and how does it make you feel when you see it is local communities complaining about that or their health problem doesn't make you fear makes you feel like a murderer. what we have done like i said we have created an enormous and we're all mental disaster if we were you know growing potatoes and we made and what a mental disaster along the side it would be different we would say ok we're feeding the nation or the gold mining industry do it in a reached
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a small percentage of people so we have produced gold which is the most useless thing you know whole world it feeds human greed it has no uses and yet we have made in probably one of the biggest and one mental disasters in the world. so yes i do i do feel like like a murderer as eagles disturbing rising head master heads back to sea from everett from goma. his current century possible signs of radioactive poisoning now the test results for the animals are being delivered and person by frank bender. the janice but professor of studies also one of them of what we're joined by name is frank franklin. the professor has come to see eric's livestock for himself. you see here. is. the test results a clear material from the nearby mine tailings has contaminated erik's foam and
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uranium isn't the only problem. for example manganese would be quite significantly elevated in your and you'll want to sample over 2 cells times what would what one would find in natural water sources we do have we do have an eco being elevated to solving times of authentic this elevated 50 times as opposed to $500.00 ok the most let's say indicative metal for mining impacts and that is you rain you in those tailings that is about 10 times what you would see in the natural environment 10 times as much so what you what you analyzed in your water you could see about 100 times more than one would find it on polluted actual pristine water source of. a farm surrounded by pollution which just. it's animals badly contaminated and. it's disturbing news. the health of your goat yeah
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shows the highest level or songbook of all analyzed. to see uranium is 60 times for elevated but all the lead is that elevated to 80 times meaning almost $100.00 times above what's normal that the same was cobalt that's the same as also make a 600 times for a nickel but maybe you didn't know you know you're just going to say ok all right i can have all of the yes you can have it's all yours but soldiers. my dad was out for nailing in doubt right for you fly me. a farm when livestock die prematurely township's which children have neurological disorders and suffer from terrible coughing fits. but all the medical links between poor health and mining conditions so clear cut. stoff at this radio call health clinic might have
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some odd sense. among their patients is. it's the 3rd time this month that my youngest son has taken ill. ok. all right there is yes. please i let you know it's too much of yourself it was ages of us and mike is not to let you go to the last physically because of them don't know whose it was. so how are you going to yours. the baby has called brocade she's. ours and just into
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school and science sometimes we see the worst so you get a child with a cough like the one that i just saw. she was having a test in drawings of the little dust because of the dust is something that you will see on daily average yes you have been here you've got number of cases not to really there should be a study like you're mentioning is that everybody who are living lives through their minds if we get a lot of those patients i think definitely we have to do real estate. astonishingly the south african state has never conducted a study to understand the impact of mine tailings on the population. but can. he catches up with you again. back and have township at the foot of the mine down and out collecting. ok let's
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go oh it's. very heavy so you have to do this every day. this is your house ok tunisia's the small shack with her 4 children. is ignorant as saying oh i live by the bible is a. claim and says i'm up or. is it a corner quinola feel good telepictures and they were this tiny cabin provide some shelter from the rain but not in the pollution. and her children live only a few doesn't need to is from the mine where earlier i had measured radioactivity levels 28 times higher than the norm. she agrees to provide has samples to test what level. contamination but the response to it is ok i'm going through that it knew all along some pinay director of the institute for
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research and scientific expertise in straw comes online if you will. because google will come on tell you come on then he's commotion to pull. it in yeah if you blow it was he killed you gale norton i'm just you know me. i'm still me i don't. know she. is one of the sort. of want to put in a bit will he see what i'm into there yes you could fall and then there is this food kind of love. you put in culture get your lucky breaks yourself. national show. love that they don't pay you well that's. right if you turn. it all right that should be more than enough. for us and then.
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use them all and then you would put. we got to the last. song did you like this want to. go next. or a perfect. master has also taken to has song from the time to whom we matched only a little girl suffering from year old to suit a moving look. this is one of a lot of thinking so done as it. was to look beautiful. ah. and then more 10 in total from other residents living near the mine tailings and sent them via express mail to professor pinay in france.
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once again they'll be a few days of waiting for the results. in the meantime looking for gold. some of south africa's most profitable export is used in the electronics industry some of it is used for investment but most of it ends up as drury yet to the websites of the world's major luxury brands a curiously silent about the sources of the gold. do you oppose you know jennifer was full of those that are. nor are any of them keen to respond to questions show that there's one of them called just how to yell matilda clearly because you don't know how good that inflow of the instance of all your business comes from them on this one is of utmost importance ships are going to communicate by leaving don't you know from the mother was one time was a good moment when the mongia federal police each of them to call from the city to indeed not one jewelry brand agrees to provide details of whether gold comes from.
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new delhi and who can you compose one question the only the. italian brand is the 3rd largest jeweler in the world and it certainly seems to be using a lot of gold. it's time to go shopping. greece had. which is in johannesburg located in sanden city among some of the most expensive real estate on the african continent and a luxurious shopping mall made by the company displays one of its finest pieces a gold and diamond necklace costing almost $78700.00. but again no one hand seems to know where that gold had been sourced and we wanted to know whether. here in the national gallery you knew where the gold comes from if you can talk about it of all the gold yet the gold you use in your jewelry. you know i you know the idea that are ok don't you think it is kind of
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a surprising that you don't know where to go comes from the directors of the material believe me to tell you you know ok i've heard of the. of the consequences of my own mines i forgot that for example the mind savings this is what you burn injuries better environment feel very good job and that's just sorry is a negative step by product of the 1st word where you know. it's going to hurt thank you very much more you will come. back in a world overshadowed by the waste dumps of south africa's a vast gold mining industry. people are gathering in a church hall. tiny the activist has come to syria to exist and.
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their drugs on people with you. so to have all the children whose has something smashed on has taken for testing. what has spread and even the national media present. everyone wants to know what the scientists have concluded. or think you so much again for being here today i really appreciate the fact that you've come quite a long way to be here must all run through the results gleaned from soil and guts samples and then you cools off and sap the name and stress plant in charge of analyzing the levels of heavy metal spout in the human head that's been gathered looking for someone to live we don't know it and on his bill who says he used to have a go to clean. unit the shoot. was
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a very nice you don't know it was the answer is. yes you will. surely was it is usual to always look we should tell you who it. was. do it don't do. it. so sorry just don't do this for so forward when you would expose your post and go this was on when you were exposed to it with the people who are sure that god loves you then don't go and no one as you'd say there is an opinion i don't think. your ex was rule yet it really all was vague ya know these findings could help south african doctors give me a tandem better diagnosis for her disease. or yours i'll be able to
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western. people which. i don't know less than and all those who are you with of course failure as if you know. more hope you next was a job and you don't need ok taken together the result a deeply disturbing. the soil gathered by much from the mine tailings is full of heavy metals the level of all snake for example is $330.00 times higher than the norm the water is full of uranium $100.00 times the international limit the goats are infected their fur contains 83 times more lead than those living far away from the mine tailings and as for the residents some of the children show 64 times more exposure to lead 5 times more exposure to your ania and 4 times more exposure to us nic than the average french person even jesus into easy to get mean
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we eat is dangerous for you it. can cause celeb can we do. it. looks to give us. your usual you don't. even know she'd miss you know you for your. you know. i think you know what. this is what a normal and this is not all those people that are really. miles apart still the scientists who can be still be able to say
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we've had enough of this man's exposing us all so we're not appealing now to everybody once again from a shortage you cited the fish there was the book is you know we've lost because of insufficient evidence but now we're dead documented we really like doing now so it will ease the universe be able to know what they've been. doing to very much once again. as residents begin planning their next move. including a possible legal claim against the mining companies. matha obtains an interview with the chamber of mines. the industry's association for some of south africa's most powerful mining concerns. on yourself truly pray you don't
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seem to see if someone demeanor look good enough or just someone just as soon as your eminence extend to print on you some 20 sniffs. almost 120 years later staff in a mood out runs the lincoln i's ations anti-pollution department on string for those issues because the gold producing families do not want to address individually regarding the environmental impact of the mining industry and do you think it's it's going in the on the right track on the goodly. yes there is significant progress achieved this fall in terms of my mean companies dealing effectively with environmental impediments how's the chamber of mine ever conducted human health impact assessment regarding the tailings to mine 2 things not it's not that i'm well ok so we don't some some some small then shows the same scientific
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analysis that he has shared with the residents back in the township we never heard about that and i don't know ok. what does that make you think now it's quite concerning for me and i think something should be done do you think that the mining industry that you represent have a responsibility in these numbers. i think it is with our member company is mindless we do have the responsibility do you live close to the mind. why not even me. i'm in most of the it's i mean most of the i mean those guys they follow the table as not the other way around they choose to go and stay there thing that people believe are on the tape these 2 things this huge tunings are on drugs producing they're saying they're not safe. at all there's
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a lot of. environmental risks as well a safety of risks and why do you think you've been clean over all these years of yes to something should be done for the tailings that our own. when it when you say something do you think it's something when what is it about eating the media and of rehabilitation of those should get rid of the yes i think we need an all vote all management strategy as the industry and obviously in putting up with government. so what does the government have to say. south africa's environment minister declines to be interviewed. and his office says that the subject is not his area of expertise. the ministry of health on the other hand
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is very interested. in leave a book. is director of the national institute for occupational health $1000.00. fundamentally this is of great importance to demonstrate that the levels are so much higher and that there will be negative health effects on the children and at least one of the real tragedies east at the study said and why the money has not been prioritized we need to make sure that mines and other workplaces don't continue to contaminate the living environment for communities and so on. you know would you like a copy or we would absolutely love to have a copy because you see we don't have this we don't have it in and then we can go in with our medical teams and perhaps have a sample of those who have got high levels. of these different heavy
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metals and uranium and go in more physical examination do blood tests do urine tests and monitor there. the south african government will soon begin a major study on the health impacts of mining pollution. but time is of the essence in 2017 mining companies extracted 130 tons of gold from south african soil. producing 27000000 600000 tons of supplementary waste. more ways to be produced next year and the next one and the one after that. there are still 35 years remaining of exploitable gold reserves in south africa. how many move it dims will have to be in that time before people realize that life is more
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precious than gold. how the weather slushy funny try corsica pots off south america but we have seen some snow in super livia recently on usual face of this fall a past but you can see we have had a good old dusting of the wise stuff there are people getting out and enjoying it the usual snowman snow angels sent off for
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a little bit of starting as well folks. out to have a bit of fun out and about in the snow things should warm up a touch as we go on in the next couple of days 15 cells just full of pass some of the valley that down into a sense you know as well but only 12 degrees for was a february weather estie it to the southeast of brazil through europe why into the river play at least that is the case full friday. top woman had malda shall we say as we go into saturday the us continue to fall north of brazil that's more than pos off south america joining up with a rather lively showers that we are seeing across the western side of the caribbean panama costa rica and the crew out here also looking very wet as we go on through the next couple of days to friday that is to say just around that western side off the region and if anything the show is becoming more widespread as we go on into sas day for the main island the fight in july sent me into the crates ran to these but a few shells coming into the wind let's buy that we can't. do much of sponsored by
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countdown and. the latest news as it breaks it is long campaigned against what it calls attempts to undermine the state of israel from within. with detailed coverage called power being replaced by eco friendly plants all over the world environmentalist hear the pulse of what's been said. from around the world those things just as visible above ground then on the surface and underneath. this is al-jazeera. alone this is the news hour live from coming up in the next 60 minutes the
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desperate search for survivors the u.n. calls for war crimes charges as more syrian children die in government attacks. and the u.n. calls for immediate action after the worst mediterranean tragedy so far this year. record breaking temperatures in europe risk the heat could be felt in greenland. and far as small as all your sporting clearing arsenal footballers mesut ozil and side collection i escaped an attempted carjacking in london details coming up later . a more children are becoming victims of a government and russian assault in syria's rebel held it led province the un's human rights chief has condemned what she calls international indifference to the rising death toll showed but she says those targeting civilians should be charged
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with war crimes it's one of years you may find some of the pictures and send a whole this report to be disturbing. they are images that have shocked many a tragedies like this are happening nearly every day in northwest syria where the government's assault is in its 3rd locks. of love the law desperately trying to save his daughters as they dangled from the edge of a building destroyed in a syrian or russian airstrike the 5 year old we have held on to our 3 year old sister drove one for as long as she could. but then they fell to the ground i died. red wine is struggling for life in hospital. the high number of people killed and injured here particularly children reflects the scale of the humanitarian situation war monitors say there have been at least
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800 civilian deaths 200 of them children since the russian backed syrian government offensive began in april in the past months at least 33 children were killed according to save the children that's more than in the whole of 2018. they only problem and most of all it's the place they live in and that's a huge hit marketplace there's a hospital there's not a facility is schools no one and nothing it is the thing more and then. these scenes have become all too familiar rescue workers at times dig for hours to find survivors and remove the dead civilian infrastructure schools hospitals. and help the syrians are protected under international humanitarian law they're meant to be spared and yet they're being impacted more than anything else so there has to be outrage. the latest offensive is no different from previous ones
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during the 8 year war they are carried out with impunity and little accountability . the pope sent a letter to syria's president bashar assad asking him to protect the lives of civilians the european union says attacks on critical civilian infrastructure must stop the united states and the u.k. renewed calls for a cease fire an adlib but the international community statements have not been backed with action. the bombardment hasn't stopped it's intensifying the u.n. describes what is unfolding in islam as a worsening nightmare for the civilians they are not players in this conflict but international humanitarian rights organizations say they are being targeted. istanbul. now for more on this i'm joined by model one couple and he's the head of policy analysis at the arab center for research and policy studies here in doha good to have you in let's break this down 1st they are bombing i mean what are they bombing is there any way that the russian government syrian government planes
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can say they're targeting legitimate military targets that may be embedded in civilian areas not that or there is no military target in these civilian areas but certainly as you know this has been the tactic of. the fighters of the fighters are on the front that they are not in the residential areas which are being targeted these days. but this is the usual tactic that is being used by the russians and the syrian regime all along in order to put pressure on the fighters by actually targeting these civilian. the civilian residential areas they are trying actually to force them to or submission because they couldn't actually advance on the ground they had been fighting for the past 3 months right now and they couldn't make progress. on the ground this is why actually they are trying to punish them by
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targeting the civilians in order to put pressure on them so that they can actually . have some sort of. submission by them through this way clearly from the pictures that are emerging and running now you can see that this is a residential area there are plenty of apartment buildings that even if somehow you thought that there might be something of military value in a civilian target or apartment area you know for sure by dropping a bomb on a civilian building that you are going to kill a lot of innocent civilian life rightly but they don't really care about this you know i mean this. the russians and the syrian regime i mean for now we lost more than 300000 civilian lives in this in this conflict since it started in 2011 and the most of. it why we're not seeing any international action is it because of russia's position as a veto power in the security council because it's seems almost inconceivable to sit
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every day and see pictures disturbing pictures like this absolutely so i mean if you take this case for example the security council. you wouldn't be able actually to pass and there is if you should because the russians they have the veto power in the security council but also there is another thing that is there is another element to this the propaganda of the syrian regime and the russians actually is talking about having done this organization is terrorist groups this is what they are saying that they are targeting in this and this area life for example. and other and other extremist. groups and blasts this war has been going on for the past 78 years and this seems that the international community has really got tired because of this of this conflict so nobody actually is showing any sort of. really reaction to the. massacres that have been committed on must on a daily basis in this and this area over the course of the last few years we've
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seen the opposition mostly consolidated live right now is this the government's final onslaught to try and break the resistance and to snuff it out completely well i think there are there are few objectives that we can talk about right here because in one way or another this is a war by proxy between russia and turkey russia is supporting the syrian regime the turks are supporting the the opposition and sammy you are you cannot is that this latest round of fighting actually it started in airlie me right after the failure of the latest a sit down at talks and when the russians actually tried actually to put some pressure on the talks in order to agree to a certain thing concerning the constitutional committee and other political issues that are being negotiated between the. 2 sides plus the russians are concerned about possible agreement between turkey and the united states on the east in your fifty's because now there are there are talks between turkey and the united states concerning this so the russians are in fact trying to achieve certain political ends by this onslaught in an egg and the main i mean the main objective is to put
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that pressure of mainly on turkey and its allies and and the opposition in order to get certain concessions on the political front all kind of assertions what i think they are there are 2 issues here they are 4 names in the constitution a committee a constitution committee is is to be is to be according to the suit to the sushi conference in 2018 is to be formed from $150.00 members 50 are going to be nominated by each side $5050.00 by turkey and 50 by iran i think they have agreed on 146 names and there are still 4 names that they are not agreeing to and everybody believes that these 4 names actually are going to tend to tip the balance in either side during the talks on the on drafting the constitution so they are playing their shows are trying to put pressure on talking in order to agree to their names that there are putting forward this is this is on on one hand on the
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other hand i think the russians are playing up trying to spoil any possible agreement between turkey and the united states on the eastern your fifty's by putting pressure on turkey by think that the turks this if you are going to have agreement with the americans on the east in your fifty's you are going to lose it blip. on the other hand and there is another major objective in this conflict actually in this last area of the escalation that the so-called the escalation zone is that the russians and the syrian regime are trying to control the main 3. the m 5 and the m 4 between hamas and between the tackier and author of the lifeline exactly so this is the main. between between the between the other and the other cities and the russians are trying that model thanks for coming in the city to thank you the un is demanding immediate action after the worst mediterranean tragedy so far this year as many as $150.00 refugees and migrants and said to have
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drowned off the coast of libya around $300.00 people were on board 2 boats that left the town of homs east of the capital. ports. put her children on a wooden boat she was trying to make it to europe by any means possible instead the journey became the worst tragedy this year in the mediterranean sea nearly 150 passengers were rescued by local fishermen her son wasn't one of them she's blaming international organizations for a lack of support and most of the numbers that i lost my 7 year old child i don't want anything except to go back to my country sudan to die there. survivors were returned to libya a primary departure point for people fleeing poverty and war in africa and the middle east one person drowns in the mediterranean for every 6 that successfully reach europe's shores we've now had more than 700 deaths on the mediterranean this year if current trends for this year continue but will see us past more than 1000
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deaths on the mediterranean for the 6th year in a row it's a really bleak milestone really bad is thinking about it comes just weeks after more than 50 people lost their lives in a detention center following an asse strike into jura and really once again stresses the edge and see if it was needed of a need for a shift in approach to the situation in libya in the mediterranean. libya's coast guard continues to take migrants to 2 jura the detention center holding mostly african migrants that was bombed 3 weeks ago by air forces believed to be loyal to the wall. khalifa haftar it's near the front line of fighting as huffed are tries to take the capital the u.n. says the current model which is backed by the e.u. must change one where libya's coast guard intercepts and forcibly returns people caught trying to cross the sea.


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