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tv   NEWSHOUR  Al Jazeera  August 21, 2019 1:00pm-2:01pm +03

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the highest ranking official of the roman catholic church to be found guilty of child sex offenses has lost his appeal against his conviction in australia the home of vatican treasurer cardinal george pell was jailed for 6 years a man for abusing 2 choir boys 20 years ago. almost $100.00 refugees and migrants have spent their 1st night in weeks on dry land after their rescue boat docked in a silly a prosecutor ordered it to be seized ending the standoff between the spanish charity which operates the ship and the italian government hardline migration policy is or at the heart of this leadership crisis which falls prime minister big on day to resign sonia has more from rome as leader of the government had overseen one of the most challenging coalitions in recent times battling one political crisis after another contest being a stabilizing force between 2 vastly different political parties the far right leak and the anti establishment 5 star movement it proved to be an impossible task and
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qantas said he would be offering his resignation but there was no question over who he thought was responsible. that interior really has showed that he is following his own interests and those of his party. in a blistering attack against any country accused him of unleashing further turmoil and in doing so endangering italy's already started to con a me but the leaked party leader was unrepentant. i would do again everything i did everything with the great strength of being a free man therefore it means i'm not afraid of the judgment of the italians overshadowing this impasse has been my tale own political agenda vocally anti migrant he's also waged war on the engineers that have attempted to rescue asylum seekers crossing the mediterranean and it's a tactic that has had success support for his views have increased across the
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country turning his party into a force that cannot be ignored. in the middle of this political drama the spanish rescue vessel hovering off the coast of lampedusa with dozens of vulnerable people on board for more than 2 weeks they have not been given permission to disembark the open arms vessels repeatedly requested permission to dock despite continued rejection or someone board became so frantic they risked their own lives by jumping into the sea attempting to swim to land they were rescued by nearby italian coast guard vessels. on tuesday a local prosecutor visited the vessel and issued an emergency measure allowing it to dock in lump it was a but this is one incident among many others despite tough new laws preventing such landings they still arrive desperate for safety in europe no matter the cost of reaching their son in. rome. a rebel fighter has been killed in
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a gun battle with security forces in indian administered kashmir is the 1st such death since new delhi revotes the autonomy of the region earlier this month some parts of the region are still under lockdown pakistan opposes india's actions in this distributed region and is valid to take a case to the international court of justice. the us state department has approved plans to sell $8000000000.00 worth of f. 16 fighter jets to taiwan congress is expected to give the green light to finalize the deal and beijing strongly opposes any arms deal with taiwan which it sees as a breakaway province gabriel elizondo has the latest from washington. we've been hearing rumblings for several days now about this possible arms sale to taiwan but it was on tuesday that the white house gave formal notification to congress on their intention to pursue this arms sale to taiwan and it is
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a big one worth about $8000000000.00 it calls for the sale of $66.00 f. 16 fighter jets to the taiwanese if this goes through it would be the biggest arms purchases by taiwan in nearly 20 years now this also is part of the trumpet ministrations bigger plan since trump has been in office last 3 years or so to get closer relations to taiwan trumpet ministration has sent high level visitations everybody visitors to taiwan it's opened a diplomatic offices in taipei and the trump administration has supported pro taiwan legislation as well over the past couple years now this arms sale is just sort of the most high profile act of really supporting taiwan and it certainly is going to upset the chinese the china daily newspaper has already said that this sale of these fighter jets to taiwan since
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a seriously eroni is signals they say and a foreign minister official in china also said that nobody should underestimate our will or ability to safeguard our sovereignty and territorial integrity jewish activists and politicians in the us a criticizing donald trump to his comments about jewish phrases the president said any jewish president who votes for his political rivals the democrats shows either a total lack of knowledge well great disloyalty polls show most american jews identifies democrats. i think any jewish people that vote for a democrat. i think it shows either a total lack of knowledge to a great disloyalty but in response david harris from the american jewish committee that's an advocacy group said trump's comments shockingly defies if and becoming of the occupant of the highest elected office american jews like all americans have
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a range of political views and policy priorities his assessment of them knowledge or loyalty based on their party preference is inappropriate unwelcome and downright dangerous well any jacobs is a partner with the treatment national security project and president of e.j. strategies a public affairs consultancy he says donald trump's comments have nothing to do with his support for israel the number one in anti-semitic trope in any situation through european i some and some it is a middle eastern anti-semitism russian anti-semitism is always the 2nd accusation of dual loyalty to the state of israel and to america or whatever the home country may be so for donald trump to double down on that trope is incredibly offensive the vast majority of american jews support the democratic party something to the tune of 76 to 79 percent of american jews voted for democrats and 2018 elections and
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something like 71 percent voted against donald trump and $26.00 team election donald trump has one thing on his mind and one thing only it has nothing to do with support for israel it has nothing to do with with our relationship with benjamin and you know not to do with his own elect elective survivability and he has determined that the way to do that is to demonstrate to suggest that the democratic party is so far left that it is that it should be reprehensible to normative americans with where we really know that that's not the truth. turkey has extended the deadline for registered refugees to leave the stamboul they were initially given a month to leave the city or risk being expelled back to their original place of registration refugees now have until october the 30th to comply the turkish interior minister says they realize the original deadline didn't give families enough time is when a large explosion at an iraqi arms depor that belongs to
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a paramilitary group it happened in northern baghdad and it's the latest in a series of blasts at military bases and munitions death is around the country all the sites links to the iranian backed popular mobilization forces. politicians and business leaders in our land have rejected british demands to renegotiate the brics it divorce steel the u.k. prime minister boris johnson wants to scrap provisions about the irish border but hasn't come up with any alternative protect proposals from that border lawrence reports. challenge. breakfast at the hotel outside dublin and the small business owners are being taught how to fill out piles of customs papers if it means a border going up across ireland they'll have to and it's an expense many can barely afford this is what people mean when they say the irish economy could suffer
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because of bracks is do business is no do you know what the british government's plan is. i don't i don't see why the commentators at the start of this whole process don't watch the watch the miles so if you're try thinking if you try to follow bragg's it step by step be incredibly frustrating because it's not a logic most people are familiar with. ever since he became prime minister boris johnson has said the u.k. will leave the e.u. before november in his letter to the european union he also insists a new deal can and must be found to free his country from being stuck in a customs union because it's been rejected by the british parliament but neither here nor in brussels to they believe him we've no idea how old would be the latter didn't go into much detail but he keeps referring once again to the so-called alternative arrangements the problem with these alternative arrangements is they don't exist none have been given to us as an example in operation anywhere in the world the haven't been laid out properly so that's why we really do need the box on
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germs policy. the sharp end of all this is in irish border towns like dundalk where free movement in and out of the u.k. is crucial to their livelihoods there is no obvious takes in the homes towards the british government so the one thing that we've learnt about irish history over the generations has been that britain gets bored and wanders off from the topic problems or rice and then it's only when they hit a problem that we can shop and we can bring them back into looking at it instead of looking at it in the camp situation where there isn't a security or anything else on the line the issue. so imagine a scenario in which this motorway crossing the border has customs posts and queues of traffic with all the contingent security risks to the place might not be far away the dread fear in our land is that any physical manifestation of a border could lead to this if the republicans attacking not only british but irish
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customs officials britain says it's just scaremongering there will never be a border on the island of islands but in his letter to the european union boris johnson cannot say how he could guarantee is in the sense of dundalk a sculpture was erected after former u.s. president clinton helped finalize the good friday peace deal and addressed 800000 people. in celebration the sculpture is called dialogue and celebrates the art of compromise how times have changed enormously al-jazeera on the irish border. now imagine a theater of the senses all except vision argentina's blind fear puts on shows in complete darkness many of the actors are blind or partially sighted than you paid a visit in what is. a society. we think we know what it's like to be in darkness but we don't complete darkness where all the lights have been extinguished
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the blind here to him whether cyrus provides that experience. we put the audience in a situation which normally the main stimulus is visual this person is now disconnected from their phone another source of information for more than an hour having to concentrate solely on what is happening in front of them. but what does the one osiris going public to get from the darkness. it surprised me it was unique a sensation i hadn't expected it when you're in there it stimulates all your senses fabulous it wakes everything out smell hearing imagining things you can't see but can understand. many of the actors no other theaters staff are blind or partially sighted. the work is perfect for people with impaired vision i'm partially sighted for instance at 1st it was difficult to get used to total darkness but you do. we
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saw a production crew luce's la revolution on all lights the revolution a story of the big love during argentina's 19th century fight for independence there was plenty of sound the movement i felt the window my face and small herb's chocolate you have to learn how to live in darkness complete darkness to a theater slogan goes see what you can see and then emerging into the light. try to see life with different eyes. there is also a show for children than the pure musical experience of lying gorm a male singing in the comedy on saturday 6 different shows how you feel. there is a feedback from the audience you feel a development of their perception not just from their emotion this but you feel their movements their palpitations even though you can't see the relationship is still there it's surprising what you can find in total darkness illumination perhaps to the senses that don't see. that
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there are 201 osiris. look at the top stories hear it out saddam is set to swear in the new sovereign council later when say the military and civilians are share power until elections are held in 3 years time the council replaces the military genter that took power after the army force long time ruler. from office in 8 prohibit morgan as more from cutting the outrank council has been a point of contention between the opposition coalition and the forces of freedom and change and a transitional military council is the reason why. a lap time before they finally were able to reach a deal. in july and it looks like the covering council which will have
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a larger term when your role will have a presentation from both pipes from the opposition coalition and from there be our military council as well as an 11 member which has been agreed upon by both by. the highest ranking official of the roman catholic church to be found guilty of child sex offenses has lost his appeal against his conviction in australia form a vatican treasurer cardinal george pell was jailed for 6 years in march on charges of abusing 2 choir boys dozens of migrants who were stranded on a rescue ship off the italian island of lampedusa for almost 3 weeks have now come ashore prosecutors all that the boats to be allowed to dock and then be seized a rebel fighter is being killed in a gun battle with security forces in india's minutes of kashmir is the 1st such death since new delhi revoked the autonomy of the region earlier this month some parts of the region still under lockdown pakistan has vowed to take
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a case to the international court of justice. turkey has extended the deadline for on registered refugees to leave in stamboul they were initially given a month to leave or risk being expelled to their original place of registration elsewhere in turkey the interior minister admits families weren't given enough time right up today those are the latest headlines coming up next here it out is there it's inside story. so the polls and the results could have huge consequences for the horn of africa kenya ethiopia and somalia itself just influence over job so why is it so important
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and what i say this is inside story. hello and welcome to the program. a small region in somalia is of the center of a growing power struggle in east africa the people of autonomy us federal state and will choose their president on thursday somebody is neighbor washing clothes lee job outlands main city is a target of attacks by the group of $26.00 people died in a hotel assault last month borders kenya which has soldiers there as part of the african union's mission against. central government wants more control over the
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region and warns its we're not recognize the election when. let's have a look jubilant they are thomas region in southern somalia was announced in 2010 and formalized the following year the territory consists of the ghetto lower job and middle job or provinces the largest city is my own. controlled till it was driven into $1012.00 but the armed group is still active in many areas juba lands president maduro he was 1st elected in 2013 by clans elders and politicians mahdavi is a key ally of kenya while the federal government immigrant issue is getting closer to thier. let's bring in our guests here in the studio our theory alamy professor of international relations are the university enable we via skype matt bryden chairman of the sun
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research institute and former coordinator for the u.n. monitoring group on somalia and eritrea and in london jamal last month an award winning journalist welcome to the program. obviously this is an election in a. in somalia but yet it has become a hot topic why is that well i think let's start within the context so the least we understand what's going on there is a legal ambiguity within the summary constitution and therefore this debate is more or less about the essence of the state. whether what it will be is it fair that all confederal unitary state this debate is now being played in because my are now that's one level and the other level is that it's mistrust between the regional leaders and the national leaders so-called the mogadishu and this is largely based on the power struggle which has been going on for quite some time this again
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manifested itself in numerous ways not only in jubilant but also in other parts and many believe the so mali government in will be different is trying to impose central system in the country particularly taken note of what have been in by the door and other maybe joe who are in and also in government these are the i mean the background and the final thing perhaps and the final main point is that the regional countries particularly the neighboring countries have also their own interests and playing their proxies with talk about the regional implications not each time you having elections in in parts of somalia then you have a great deal of anxiety about what's happening the key players and what could happen next is it bringing about the need to see the whole political system in somalia. i think that that's
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a key question and i agree with professor helmeted this is really this issue in his mind was about the essence of the somali state. but in certain areas there's more ambiguity than in others in the case of state elections the constitution assigns the responsibility for the establishment of state for provincial executives and legislatures to the states themselves it doesn't award the federal government any role and so what is really creating the tension around the case myra lection and the the other processes that professor only referred to is that the federal government is trying to impose itself and it is arrogating to itself powers over the way elections take place in different parts of the country that it doesn't actually have then building on that. as professor only said
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regional powers are aligning themselves i need the federal of a city government and so this issue is taking on proportions that go far beyond a normal somalis state electoral process jamal one of the reasons why the government will go this year seems to be much concerned about the elections in juba land is the fact that it could further pave the way for job land to break away from the center lies government which which seems to be a genuine concern by the government. yes i would agree with the previous speakers matt and a few other the somalis are figuring out which political system they take this mistrust between the leaders but there is also another important issue which is so mali's as a society where we are a crime based society and we have been fighting each other for the past 50 years
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for domination every clan wants to dominate other clans and i would say that the president for a module is abusing the office of the president to empower his clan and what he literally once is through his client to dominate jubelin and kissed my ear and that is not something somalis usually like to talk about but the reality is we can talk about policies but for much or. the interest of his clan a part not the interest of the somali nation and i think that is another issue which we have to tell our audience here you've heard what jamal has just said which is the the clan connections which happen to be the decisive factor in this elections. for example is comes from god in for you is from the money hand those clan connections or affiliations are $1.00 of the reasons why somalia
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disintegrated in 1991 and continues to face the same problems. well i have to say that. even though klan system is a reality within the summary context i'm not one of the people who use color narrative to explain every conflict i think that our level is of times the individual ambitions override even the cologne interest on this and that anybody who is in will be additional was trying to impose itself in other parts of the country this has been happening even before this before the civil war during hundreds yeah but it also sheriff did not. present sheriff also president has not agree with the way jubilant or other places were also being stubborn so when you look at it this is a debate between centralism. more or less a practice based on confederacy and to some extent to some after one of the regions
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want to see it from the rest so i come back to the previous point where basically it's about the essence of the somali state we go for a comfort the ration where literally for. f.m.s. as we call it or. land another region is more or less operating as though they are independent states or so-called i mean engaging other countries or denying the central government will come so this is a real debate that has been going on for some time prior to for my job and i think it will go on even after we can just to book the command in aspect of it. this is a political situation all of a political motivation and i would say that i mean you have badawi who is now the frontrunner in the election in. 3 other. key candidates also in the in the election however was quite interesting is that suddenly you're having
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the regional players just think for influence the kenyans seem to be really pro but the government in this just seems to be favorite other candidates why is this happening. well this is a really interesting point because jubal and was established almost as a joint initiative of ethiopia and kenya working together supporting windows forces to force al-shabaab out of the port city of kosmina and until a year ago or so ethiopia and kenya saw eye to eye and were close allies not only in juba land but also in their support to the state building process in somalia but since the arrival in power in ethiopia prime minister avigdor adamant he has reversed ethiopia's longstanding policy of support
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for a more decentralized federal structure and hasn't graced the leadership in mogadishu and so what has happened is that suddenly kenya finds itself supporting the doorway as it always has since the beginning or at least the electoral process that's been organized under my daughter's auspices while ethiopia seems to have aligned itself with mogadishu not not even not in a subtle way but in a way that it has also signaled that it will not recognize the outcome of the elections and that madonna they must be removed by any means possible and so this has put ethiopia kenya not only at odds politically but as recently as yesterday we saw their forces you know stand of this myrick war which could easily have degenerated into violence between 2 countries that are longstanding neighbors out somalia said that this is the right of the people in general and to pursue the
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political ambitions but when you look at. the latest developments the different candidates vying for bigger influence backed by different countries is this a scenario where we are most likely going to end up having proxies fighting on behalf of other regional players enjoyable and i'm sure there will be some proxies but i have been going back and forth to kiss my your this year and in fact i was there last month filming a documentary and i think the global administration is powerful they have a strong military there would be challenges they would face challenges but i think they would overcome with the support of. obviously and i think we have to remind ourselves some ollie's of those that have been fighting for many years we are desperate for peace. though of it and he's got his sort of administration have
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brought peace and kiss my you has been the most peaceful city in southern and central somalia so you would ask yourself why would you destroy this peace you can solve this issue through the ballot it can solve this issue through negotiations but why would the central government led by for margery's using it could be an soldiers to cause havoc and conflict as matt said yesterday there was a standoff between that you could be and the kenyans and the conflict could erupt but that is the question we need peace and sly is a very peaceful city and elections so far going going according to plan so as to use this just for the sake of a more i would like just to further explain this to our international audience what's the endgame here for the people in jubilant do they want to take this on a as an opportunity to consider date their political gains and say in the future we would like to have an independent state of our own. i don't think that the people
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in japan and want an independent state i think the other way and others are pro unionists they want united somalia in fact but i think the issue is the issue they have is with the central government led by for much of but if another leader comes or changes he i remember he had issues with the previous leader. at the beginning but after 2 years they became very close and they were working together very closely so i think it comes down to the relationship between the leaders and what interest each lead us and what is trying to achieve a fair you've heard what the about basically are saying that the problem lies in the central government based in mogadishu which wants to just continue its. control over the political establishment in whole somalia irrespective of the ambitions of the different groups across the country well that is true and i agree with the view that the central government has been trying to project their power that it doesn't
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have i'm in there it's all doing these things even though it's not strong enough to do that because if it can then i mean. i mean everything could have been asserted by force but they cannot do it therefore the only other option for any government in with is to nutri its way these are the only 2 ways either in the world should or you. military victory these are the 2 ways that conflicts end and at the moment what it seems is the true is not strong enough yet it does not want to lose share with others and that's for me a contradiction. and honestly speaking even though i am largely in in the view of decentralized unitary political these and realize you have to be a system i think what from my jaw the practice that we have seen in other states. is not helping what happened in by the door with. in other cities are
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not helping at all but that said when you look at the practice of the regional government as well or leaders. or some island at least wants to see it but others like. government or whatever you they also have been pursuing the practice was. more or less not suspicious but more them which is like they were engaging in so many areas of the or so many functions. that might belong to the central government and this is one here is a very interesting actually. dichotomy ok. is it just that the central government is trying to create a uniter system maybe that's what for much is thinking of and that is there is evidence for that but the other side's not innocent in this case because they are
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acting as though they are independent states ok and i think there are so many i mean examples that we can give this conversation forward not doesn't this look a little bit of back to you in a way that we're talking about elections in jubilant but there's absolutely no definition about what kind of political establishment you want to have in across the country so who is to blame for somalis themselves the political. leadership or the international community. i think in this case the blame lies very much with the leadership in mogadishu. as as as yet they said we have a federal constitution and but it's incomplete and what the constitution the provisional constitution says. which means we essentially have a provisional government is that the powers that are undefined the powers between the federal leadership in the states issues like revenue collection and resource
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natural resource ownership and management these are not to be negotiated between the federal states and the federal government itself in mogadishu and the last president set up something called the national leaders forum where he invited the state presidents to the table to start discussions about all of these pending issues that the constitution leaves on result but this president has. disbanded the national leadership forum and as he has said has not shown any real information to negotiation it seems just to be trying to impose its feet at by using 3rd parties like ethiopia or using donor countries who provide it with money to do its bidding it's a sort of weaponize ing of its juridical sovereignty to dominate the federal member states so i think the real issue of yours that either president from agilent his
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team become the conveners in chief and they bring the leaders together and say look let's talk and we might even talk about going to a federal system a centralized who had decentralized unitary system rather than a federal one and if that's what from niger's agenda really is or a farm manager will probably leave office in a year for him having accomplished virtually nothing.


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