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tv   Planet SOS 2019 Ep 8  Al Jazeera  December 15, 2019 3:32am-4:01am +03

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increasing violence by armed groups and the same hill region across the border in a share an emergency summit is planned for sunday heavy fighting has been raging around libya's capital over the past 24 hours or forces are battling armed groups allied with the internationally recognized government which is based in the capital on thursday called on his forces to advance towards the center of tripoli and wit and what he called a final battle for the fiercely contested city libya's foreign minister says his government will protect its citizens from half tars forces so the headlines keep it on al-jazeera more news to planet s.o.s.'s up next.
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well i'm not calling bringing you planets s.o.s. from madrid in spain for the u.n. climate talks for thousands of politicians and then it seems trying to agree on how to deal with the pressing issues of climate change. principally altering the question how to cut greenhouse gas emissions and how to do it radically and fain would assess what's been achieved and we'll look ahead to next year which is when the paris agreement that all nations signed up to 4 years ago kicks in. and we'll ask how much value there really is a huge conferences of thousands of delegates all day. especially when you consider the elephant in the ring the carbon footprint of this conference when nearly everyone flew in from across the world including.
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welcome to planet says oh yes this is called 25 that is to say the 25th time in 25 years that thousands of scientists politicians n.g.o.s yes members of the press have congregated to grapple with this issue that threatens us all that is climate change things they move fast and climate politics on the agenda this time around some of the most politically charged leftovers from last time that they're still trying to grapple with 1st up the rules on how the world trades in college and then there's the delivery of a climate fund to help the world's poorest nations develop in a planet friendly way and then how to safeguard the world's most vulnerable. people from the effects of climate change and finally and perhaps most importantly how to encourage nations to cut emissions that it driving up global warming there's a lot at stake here the last 5 years have been the hottest on record sea levels are the highest in human history a 1000000 species more than 12 percent of all known life on earth is on the brink
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of extinction. weather patterns are changing very visibly floods in east africa have affected more than 3000000 people and of killed at least 280 while bizarrely 1400 kilometers away the mighty victoria falls and dwindle to a trickle as intense drought bites we'll be hearing from our reporter nick hack on that in just a moment but 1st andrew thomas now reports on bushfires in australia and how they're still burning. it's impossible to make a direct link between climate change and any particular sets of bushfires let alone the awful smoke that hit sydney for much of this week but what scientists say is that climate change is making bushfires more frequent and making them more intense australia's government disagrees the prime minister has already downplayed any link between climate change and the bushfires he says to link the 2 would be to misconstrue the situation and he is called the smoke that hit sydney amir has
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something to be expected from time to time australia's government is under real pressure over what many see as its lackluster approach to the environment and emissions reduction is scott morrison australia's prime minister makes the point that i have a rule australia only contributes perhaps one and a half percent to the global total of emissions there's little this country could do to make a practical difference to climate change but many say that really misses the point australia needs to show leadership in this area because as this week has showed this is a country affected by climate change in a pretty profound way. this is what remains of one of the waterways that lead to the zombies a river normally during this time of the year it's overflowing with 8 meters of water above my head but look at it now ahead is the world's largest waterfalls victoria falls in some areas it's a slow trickle this isn't just a tourist attraction it's a lifeline for millions of people beyond zimbabwe's border who depend on it for
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food and power. but southern africa is going through its worst drought in a century 14 countries and 45000000 people are need of help and are going hungry zimbabwe who depends on water in its hydroelectric plant to power it is going through sincere power blackouts in the traditional and religious leaders. invoking. the spirit of the zombies the river calling for the rains to come ok let's cross the murray on another for more on the issues facing the planet thanks nick our planet is heating up and fast what once took hundreds of thousands of years has happened in less than 200 most of it in just the last 50 levels of carbon dioxide have never been this high the greenhouse gases we've pumped into the atmosphere since the industrial revolution have lit the sun's
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light 10 but stopped some of that he just skating and the global temperature has slowly ticked up around one degree celsius since 880 scientists say we're on track to hit one and a half degrees and around 10 years 3 degrees by the end of the century many scientists say it could go much higher. now those numbers may not seem like a lot but the consequences of just a half degree rise will for many of us be catastrophic for some parts of the globe it already is as the oceans hate they expand as they absorb more carbon dioxide the more citic they become under water areas are becoming uninhabitable that hate is melting the world's ice sheets and glassy is satellite data shows losses from greenland's ice sheet have doubled each decade since the ninety's to never it's now of $250000000000.00 tons of ice lost each year that fresh water has to go somewhere
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and it's pouring into our oceans the greenland ice sheet is today the single largest contributor to sea level rise and that's why that's about the tension on the green and i said it's a very dynamic i said it contains the fastest glaciers and is the ice sheet that is melting the most. sea levels have risen by at least 20 centimeters in the last 100 years if we do nothing that figure is expected to climb by around a meter by the end of the century or by a worst case scenario a global sea level rise above my haid coastal cities and communities will be swamped by the rising tide this is the city of miami as al planet warms even by conservative estimates many island nations will cease to exist our planet's natural with the passions a shifting expected droughts floods hurricanes heat waves storms and wildfires to become more frequent and more intense all the while we're burning through our
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planet's resources and then there are the record levels of waste pollution and plastic that are choking our planet all of this makes a compelling case for action the most urgent being to have our greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 but in the years since every nation pledged in paris to do just that levels of carbon dioxide have effect gone up the years since paris have been volatile backtracking on climate pledges attacks on the climate science and resistance to climate action. but a global movement has also grown getting louder and more diverse 5 a day and calling on us all to think about tomorrow. scientists say this is a climate emergency that there is still time to act but that window is closing record lee the consequences of doing nothing will be catastrophic for most of us this will
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happen in our lifetimes. so the next 12 months will be crucial in 2023 must deliver what the scientific community has the find as a must or we and every generation that follows will pay an unbearable price the head of the un antonio good taste there has been leading the charge for a new tougher climate pages that would slash emissions but i look at our data trekkie here and it's clear that needs to happen quickly the world meteorological organization says levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have hit another record high this year the safe level is around $350.00 parts of c o 2 for every 1000000 in molecules levels are currently well above that as a result you can see the average global temperature has continued to rise and sea levels too the question is will we rise to that challenge back to you nick.
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and let's take a look now where this conference is taking place this is the fema exhibition center it is a colossal hall that was provided by the spanish government when chile had to pull out because of ongoing protests there and when i say colossal i mean just that it is going to be a kilometer from one end to the other. and here 25000 delegates go about the business of cup which includes of course endless supply of coffee and food as negotiations go from morning to late tuesday night. on any given day there are all sorts of activities going on not just negotiations but also people pushing businesses and green solutions. most countries have the national pavilions some pretty extravagant affairs. as you walk around the schools there's all sorts of side of and people look at this is a barack obama's former secretary of state john kerry we're not holding the force
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of the tension. everything into this is very serious. we're still at 3.0 degrees of. what another way of achieving change you know traction like this we've seen a lot of protests going on and say this climate change conference in 2095 year 2100 has been the year of. right around the world but it's 2020 and the paris agreement really comes into effect and always comes into focus. this is talks are all about providing a springboard for next year's crucial climate summit in glasgow where national commitments to cut emissions must match the science otherwise many believe we face runaway climate change but the divisions they're huge. there is this absolute disconnect between the 2 the 1st is the reality of the outside the reality of climate impacts that i don't think there's a single country that can sit here and not say that there's been huge impacts. and
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also the reality of the science the science has been extremely clear about what needs to be done and this is just and you know a complete disconnect between those realities and this reality inside the venue and to civil society movement. and hold our governments accountable and already be in a position to ensure that there are consequences for the in action because really talking about survival. this is a time with an agency and they just bond is in this environment is not adding up there is room for solutions for sure and the odd part for me is an analyst who studies the issues what would it cost how can we do this is that we could make the transformation at a tiny tiny cost and huge benefits most of the politicians are just ignorant they have no idea what the alternatives are they have no idea that it almost no cost or
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even savings we have so much when so much solar so much hydro potential geothermal other solutions that once you look at the facts he said are you kidding we're going to let the planet go to ruin because we're not doing these obvious things that's the ultimate reason for optimism but i could put it this way this is not hard to solve but we have to get these dyspeptic politicians out of the way you are teach them something send them back to school so that they understand what this is about . now then the problem is that the carbon footprint of this conference here in madrid with thousands upon thousands of delegates flying in is absolutely astronomical but no one's yet come up with a way of conference calling all these people they were a 2 week period say in they fly in fact to transport accounts for a huge percentage of the global c o 2 emissions the 3rd in the united states and
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a quarter in europe the distance between london and madrid is 1735 kilometers as the standard petrol powered car on this journey would pump 347 kilograms of carbon into the atmosphere with diesel that drops to been a $300.00 but that still significant you'd also have to catch the ferry but that adds just 6 kilograms of carbon travel well that's fast but it's also costly to the planet not counting travel to and from the airport an airliner on that route adds almost 120 kilograms for each passenger as many tons of c o 2 into the atmosphere from one flight in a train is a good option provided it's powered cleanly in europe some trains run on gasoline diesel some are electric. to get to madrid with current capabilities the train adds a $45.00 kilos of carbon per passenger not train travel can be expensive a cleaner option again is the bus but the cleanest of the mole is the electric car
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but there's a catch you'll need to charge up along the way and that electricity has to come from somewhere in the u.k. about a 3rd of electricity comes from 0 emission renewables in france around 3 quarters of the energy is from 0 emission nuclear and in spain about 40 percent comes from renewable energy particularly wind in europe only driving across iceland could you be certain that your battery is charged 100 percent from renewables but that's not going to help you get from london to madrid i have to say in covering the story we did attempt to take the train we've bought rail tickets from london to madrid but then the french rail strike go in the way and we couldn't come by train we had to fly but it is something we have to consider more more as we travel around the world as a t.v. channel covering this important story of climate change and damage to the environment we really do have to think what is our carbon footprint as we book there is a ticket but there are some who can make it work and do make it work and i've made
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the decision not to fly to. i. i'm banned i live in bristol and i choose not to fly i'm a wood recycler we collect wood waste from half is throwing it away we bring it back to our yard we clean up and we sell it and we make stuff out there in the workshop. i don't fly because it's probably the heaviest carbon footprint that we create as individuals global warming and biodiversity loss are exacerbated by flying so i've chosen to minimize my flying over the years the journey on about to take our leave bristol to ny on a train from bristol temple meads to london i'll travel across london stay with my
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brother in brixton tomorrow morning i will take a bus to london from pancras and i'll get on the 540 train to paris or change of paris to paris montparnasse i'll get on the t.g.v. to i will i will change or agile and i will go to oshkosh and i arrive or ocean in the south of france at about 4 in the afternoon i don't have a problem with a long journey as long as it's comfortable flights are so cheap and that maddens me so much cheaper to fly places and take the train i have some remorse about the fact that japan seems like a long way away these are also products of a culture where by we think it's some kind of entitlement that we should be able to see all these places. more people are are. aligning with me i feel less alone than i did say year ago i also recognize
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that there is a bigger issue within society if no one wants to take a step forward unless one takes a step forward together the actions of individuals have impacts beyond what we might initially perceive. what do i miss about travel very little. so back in the conference and toward is the status of the talks the truth is they've stalled we've been speaking to jennifer morgan of greenpeace who's been following the arguments through the night well we are in this these final hours where there's different little groups of negotiators optimally trying to strengthen a tax that was put on the table a couple of hours ago with which was completely unacceptable. and so what's going on is you have actually incredibly brazil and the united states trying to weaken these texts and then you have the island nations the european union trying to strengthen them and for me it's incredible that the u.s.
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and brazil are even being taken seriously here one step down the paris agreement the other one clearly has no interest in saving lives. now signs on the pins all the goetia actions here and just demonstrating what needs to be done not least and perhaps the most threatened of the world was for is the ocean i recently joined an expedition to a new discovered area of reef off the coast of france gonna in south america. 135 kilometers off the coast of french guyana the greenpeace campaign ship esperanza for now floating the pirate tree and expedition h.q. to find out more about the newly discovered machinery so the amazon river and the amazon mouth here the amazon reef presence was 1st revealed. years ago off the coast of brazil here with the 1st greenpeace expedition in the area and a 2nd when this expedition in the area last year identified the reef presence also
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into french we are no watchers. alexy rosenfeld is dived all over the world but this is something new along with his team he's diving where no human has been before. it's a real challenge to diving conditions that no no no one has ever dived here before we have to go through a really thick layer of sediment from the amazon mouth this layer is about 20 meters deep and after that it's pitch black until the bottom. so then i guess i'll be heading down to a depth of 110 meters which is so deep that only have 15 minutes on the sea bed and in that time they've got to collect samples and send them back up to the surface and then they have to stay in the wall to submerge for 3 hours to decompress. they drop down. into almost. seen by their dive light.
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at the bottom they have to work fast collecting biological samples other divers scan the reef and film it for review revealing a rich biodiversity. the samples are sent up to the surface heads over to pick them up and we haul them on board. and they arrive back on the esperanza for initial analysis by the scientists there's all manner of life here including molluscs crustaceans sponges and starfish now you find the. beaches you don't recognize oh 2020 because this is all easy stuff so very very few people over. here if you read. these waters are full of life right on the my great tree roots of whales turtles and other marine species the expedition is gathering evidence to protect the area is not far from prospective
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oil drilling sites in brazilian waters is give much more argument to the global call for marine conserve ation and creating marine protected areas this is one of the kind of play with the area we need to protect in the world because if you have economic species you have the rabbit ecosystem so that's a way to core global leaders for marine protection now taking on many environmental and climate crises is a battle of many fronts not least that of the ocean but the thing is scientists want to explore and document oil companies want to come and drill and these polar extremes replicated across the climate debate. now 2900 has been the year of the global climate protests and just in the past week we've seen hundreds of thousands of people marching on the streets of madrid and in cities around the world well earlier i caught up with an s. and a carter who's part of that global movement we 1st spoke to her back in september
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and this is what she had to say a few months or. so being part of this movement how does it make you feel when you get that sense of urgency and then you come here we see how the decision making process is really really slow and had our what you tap because i leave this gift in telling us that he was happy about actions and stuff that was pretty awareness for climate change and then you come here and we get the opposite of what they say is so disappointing it almost feels like the lady was and just failed us once again you must have learned a lot on your travels on this this recent experience what are you going to do with that experience when you go back i'm planning to start an action that will be going on every week to try and involve people because many people have faded the strikes the country to go to the. she stood straight because of the police but i'm thinking of an action that will actually bring them together not just in uganda but out chris africa said they may be able to do something that will bring time and action
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to transit good the future because not all of us can set the planet for strikes me can still save the planet through other options for mess in the car today that part of the global movement keep up the pressure on governments to get something done about the climate crisis because here in madrid the huge divisions remain as negotiators seek to find a deal that takes us forward today's climate talks in good there is a chasm between science and political action it's very clear that gap has to close all the threats presented by the climate crisis will only spiral. well that is it from planet s.o.s. we're going to end the show and indeed this series with some thoughts some voices from around the world on the way forward and the planet we live on here at al-jazeera we'll continue to keep the climate environment crisis right at the top of the agenda the main plot and the rest of the planet so as to be richer if it's good but. today i would never put on that make up my data is not man see how we
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have agreed on everything. else we can look at me and into 6 years did it pass seeds have those here defer steinman and d.c. or i have seen with my own eyes do you have facts to terri want to facts of climate change do you. believe we're going to change our culture is through politics or economy and you investing in different industries besides oil our carbon footprint is bigger than everybody else and so how are we trying to influence policy to reduce our carbon footprint we have humans who denounced deserve to suffer a cases that we did not create it is people want a home. they'd fix things eh.
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counting the cost of i.m.f. low tax cuts for big businesses and the stairs he for the boys just a perfect cocktail for street protests speak to the vice president of ecuador plus kenya's cash crunch the competition lining up to take netflix's crown counting the cost on al-jazeera. day one of a new era in television news we badly need at this moment leadership and values this encampment that we're in today it didn't exist 3 weeks ago now there's at least 20000 or hinder refugees who live here on al-jazeera i got to commend you almost all i'm hearing is good journalism president hosni mubarak has resigned
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after all the lies the attempts of cover ups jamal khashoggi his loved ones want some form of closure people are suffering put on dying entire school systems books let's see we are in the beginning of a mass extinction we saw the syrian army blacklisted in the city just keep recording. it's a good 2 missiles a minute about a 100 meters away from the front line but it's not. happy about that. join me mary up front as i put the upfront questions to my special guests and challenge them to some straight talking political debate here on al-jazeera.
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i'm richelle carey and hobbies are the top stories right now on al-jazeera sudan's former president omar al bashir hassenfeld guilty of corruption and sentenced to 2 years and detention the trial centered around suitcases found him a shares home there with more than $130000000.00 and more going to ports in the capital khartoum the verdict is announced following weeks of hearings in the corruption trial of sudan's longtime reader and ousted president obama. regarding cases with the often mentioned age of bashir the court sentences that depended 2 years in the community reform center. the judgment was followed by chaos in courts with bush years lawyers and supporters rejecting the verdict the judge of bias bashir denied in the.


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