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tv   Counting the Cost 2019 Ep 52  Al Jazeera  December 31, 2019 8:33am-9:01am +03

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al jazeera world goes inside an italian prison meeting men and women from north africa who left home only to face life behind this double exile on al-jazeera. hello i'm adrian finnigan this is counting the cost on al-jazeera a weekly look at the world of business and economics this week 2019 and what a year it's been called the world put aside short term economic gain to save humankind from latin america to the middle east people took to the street to protest the unequal spread of wealth and demand that governments and. at a trade war between the united states and china has put the brakes on global growth and is reshaping globalization. the biggest story of this year and for that matter this century has to be climate change and
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the lack of will or apparently the lack of will to do anything about it with the exception of the european union there's very little effort to reduce emissions the cost of our inaction has been put at $2000000000.00 a day the united nations says that $48.00 trillion dollars needs to be spent by 2050 to avoid catastrophe for humankind that means putting survival ahead of short term profits government submitted a virtue to deny the encroaching dangerous while the amazon went up in flames in a land grab by ranchers brazil's right wing president jaya bull scenario was blaming environmentalist's for manufacturing a crisis brazil's handling of the situation strained its relationship with the e.u. al-jazeera so there's a bo has a report now from top in brazil. every day the his who somebody see there goes into the national park to look for seeds he's trying to
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preserve the rain forest and the dozens of species that live in it. the threat of deforestation has become a major problem and then goes like this there are fighting back. what we are seeing is really bad and they are burning the bores so our work looks into encouraging families to enroll in comic alternatives i don't destroy the forests have environmental impact or killed over. there that is growing fountains of trees every year and help locals make a living while also caring for the environment the ngos funded by what's called the amazon fund handled by the government the fundraising is donations to help fight deforestation in amazonia deforestation and the fires have already destroyed large sectors of the amazon rain forest but there are projects like this one that are trying to preserve and re forest the areas that have been already devastated there are more than 40 species here of trees and crops the problem is that projects like
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this one are now at risk. germany and norway are crucial sponsors of the fund that helps over $100.00 projects like this one but they have halted all payments to condemn president jalal so now those environmental policies. well we are better has managed to reforest $800.00 hectares of trees this year. alexandra gatos fears a drop in donations will impact their work. but we're very concerned but we've been working on our projects through the amazon fund and petrobras for a long time that being said sue t.g. clee we're already looking for other sources of funding we want to find ways so that the funds don't go through the government. a long time skeptic of environmental concerns wants to open the amazon to more agriculture and mining yes even a dig out of those who has been working to protect indigenous groups living in on
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the nya for years she has been threatened by loggers and miners but international funding has allowed her to do her work there's a. we have much more work now because the local environmental authorities are committed to the cause but feel alone threatened and without support from the government so we are trying at least to show the world there are people who care about the environment but we don't have any support instead we are being weakened by the government's narrative. and she'll say they're ready to fight attempt to commercialise the rain forest but need international aid to do so they say they can protect what brazil's president will not now rising sea levels a sinking and polluted capital were just some of the reasons that indonesia's president djoko would order gave for plans to move the capital to the island of borneo it was also a mission that jakarta the island of java dominate the country's economy but economic success stays to be spread more fairly across the $17000.00 archipelago
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al-jazeera. reports. this largely untouched part of east kalimantan will become the new capital of indonesia if the president has his way. it's in stark contrast to the capital jakarta clogged with heavy traffic smog and sinking the pressure to move is rising along with sea levels which may mean the city of more than 10000000 people could be under water within the next 30 years. and this is where the city's relocation may end up borneo island known for its lost rain forest and rare wildlife while it was chosen for being less prone to earthquakes and floods there are concerns the massive move will threaten conservation efforts activists say mining and logging have already damaged some areas. will destroy the eco system it will cause forest the structure and raise the temperature greased forest fires and during the drought
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will create a water shortage for moving the capital has been discussed for decades but recently resurrected by president djoko we don't owe. estimated to cost $32000000000.00 it will be one of the world's largest single infrastructure projects. the plan is to build the city on land between east. cities public public and summer into connected by this 1009. 1000 for government and schools elsewhere they'll be hotels businesses and offices to meet the demands of the cities of new population while the new capital is welcomed by many indonesians villages in pasir fear they'll be forced off land they've lived on for generations. we worry about the legality of our land 20 percent of us have a legal documents he lost to us foreigner have been coming here it's causing
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tension in the community government leaders in jakarta say the exact site of the new city hasn't been revealed to avoid property speculation. we don't need to ask people when we want to move the capital it's up to the government to decide as long as we don't destroy the environment or harm anybody while plans are still in the early stages the 1st construction is expected to be complete by 2020 full movie and entire capital city will be a delicate balancing act for indonesia's leaders preserving the natural habitat while building their vision for a new concrete jungle inequality and the equal spread of wealth for so contributed to discontent across continents from the protests in france to lebanon's cash crunch right now a rebellion in latin america against the politics of more of the same in chile the rise of triumph led to street protests which morphed into calls for an end to near
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liberalism or free wheeling capitalism in america you see a new been reports. chile is accustomed to frequent and strong 1st. what an unprecedented social outburst that exploded 3 weeks ago sending much deeper shock waves throughout what was seen as latin america's most stable and prosperous democracy. it was sparked off by a relatively small increase in the metro fare but millions of chileans saw it as the last straw and took to the streets to show that they've had enough of an economic system that they say hasn't delivered its promise of prosperity except for an increasingly wealthy few 57 year old dross an orthodox has worked as a maid all her life her eldest son and husband were can construction and became unemployed this week like millions of middle and lower middle class chileans they're deep in debt and struggling just to feed themselves and we have to make it
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all. but a must worst is yet to come yesterday i was on the bus with a 75 year old pensioner who still works of the maid because have a pension is $236.00 which is more than i get no one can survive and we all have to work to drop that. overhauling chillies private pension system which was installed during the former military dictatorship is one of the most pressing demands along with decent wages public health care education and affordable transportation that this have grievances is wrong process children have all taken part in the ongoing demonstrations. but. i agree if they continue to 35 years to wake up all those promises about how the return of the market would bring us happiness all the years of injustice you shouldn't have come to this but hopefully we get something out of it this time. chile isn't latin america's poorest country on the contrary on the books it has the highest per capita income in the region and
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a stable economy based on an extreme free market model and some see that as the problem. nomic model established by the constitution hands education health care social security and labor relations over to the private sector the state plays a minimum role model has been very successful in generating wealth but has also generated enormous levels of inequality. chile is the member of the o.e.c.d. with the highest income disparity. but conservative senator one dismisses the notion that the economic model needs to be overhauled. let's put things into context chile has made incredible strides in the last 30 years that's reduce poverty from 47.9 percent to 3 percent it's a country that has changed dramatically economically and socially. but not fast enough chileans who say that they've been abused by a system that guarantees enormous profits for the private sector while millions are
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struggling to stay afloat an increasingly meager salaries the vast majority of the protests are peaceful but every day small but violent groups of vandals and hooded protesters destroyed public and private property until now the mass protests had been confined to the mid and downtown areas of santiago as well as working class neighborhoods 0 6 but now they are relocating to the very heart of what's nicknamed tactic a spin off of manhattan because of its weight that includes south america tallest building this is the gateway most most affluent neighborhoods and what these protesters are trying to do is demonstrate that their social uprising will also impact those who have. the prices has driven down this year's economic forecast as well as chile's currency but what started as an economic and social crisis has
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rapidly spiraled into a political one with calls for the president resignation and a new constitution resolving this crisis within chew. democratic institutions is turning out to be the biggest challenge the idea of globalization has come under attack from president trump make america great again to prime minister moody's make in india want to trade war between china and the united states has taken a few points off global growth the biggest losers have been exporting nations like germany and japan we have 2 reports for you in a moment scott hyde the looks at some of the benefits from bangkok but 1st time their child free looks at the rise of steel prices thanks to the u.s. china trade. small homebuilders are the hardest hit the shop owner lives with his extended family next door to where his future home should be taking shape. building a roof needs
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a lot of rods if the prices were like before it would be done by now but with steel prices shooting up work on building our home a lifelong dream has stalled now we wait for the prices to go down bangladesh relies on importing scrap metal from the us to make steel rod which are the backbone of the new buildings but they have become more expensive to build because they import costs have risen. president trans trade war with china is impacting banger the industry which imports a significant amount of scrap iron from the united states protectionist measures taken by the us administration is reducing supply and increasing prices and so the cost of construction. in. the capital is the heart of the still drug market still traders say business is bad and. yes there's an impact with sol's almost coming to a halt people who are planning to build a home
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a very cautious now as they have to borrow money while the market is volatile. some steel traders are stockpiling stocks betting prices will rise when or if the trade war eventually ends yes the prices change. are writing more on speculation and when it went up sharply president trans tariffs are costing poorer countries as well his own and china there's been a construction boom in bangladesh over the past 20 years or so but the high price of construction materials such as steel are threatening to stall recent economic growth. with trade negotiations between the world's 2 biggest economies still a work in progress still this close and reliant neighbors are feeling the impact. on the outskirts of bangkok wrote the poem runs a house where a company started by his father the medium sized business is heavily dependent on
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china factories their supply raw materials wrought upon users to manufacture products for his thai customers the trade war is costing him money but despite that he sees an upside. down but i think there's benefit to be made in china may have all the materials that i need but here we have skilled labor who know the art and craft we can export our products without going through china worry about the trade war. in one high profile case thailand has actually won new business as a result of chinese tariffs on u.s. goods u.s. motorcycle giant harley davidson announced that it's moving the manufacturing of its china bound bikes from the u.s. to thailand by the end of the year this to avoid tariffs levied on imports of american vehicles. the company had actually opened a factory in thailand before the trade war to supply the growing east asian market . but an economic advisor to one of thailand's largest companies warns of a threat not just to thailand but to the global supply chain if china and the us
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can't settle their differences soon. cleared was going to last longer they're going to have. a long lasting change the direction our team. that it seemed to me going to be make it become all in the now in the now rice the economy. that means china will rely less on neighboring countries for materials and good producing more of it so. that the bad news for countries like thailand its largest export market is china becoming here relies heavily on its big neighbor to the north so businesses could be forced to recalibrate their supply chain in may of this year a new economic bloc was born 24 nations came together to form the africa continental free trade area the aim of the block is to increase trade between nations by tearing down trade barriers the hope is to become the next european
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union absent from the original group there was the region's biggest economy nigeria although it eventually put pen to paper but for the past few months nigeria's borders have been closed to imports the government says that's needed to stop illegal goods being smuggled in and criminals moving freely al-jazeera amid address reports now from the nigeria been in border these trucks have been stuck here at the nigeria binny border for months. court by a sudden change of government policy they're not allowed to go forward and can't go back. as has been importing and exporting goods for 23 years he says he's never seen anything like this. government should hand over to us goods that we've already paid import duty for we have more than $500.00 trucks on the bin the republic side of the border many of the goods are damaged. if this doesn't end the soon.
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some business men say they have lost hundreds of millions of dollars since the middle of august when the government ordered the borders to be closed imports. this is one of the reasons the government says it's because illegally imported rice . officials say the flow of contraband into nigeria is killing its economy and production and opening the door to criminals and weapons. that. play a big broad. have been exploited by some. and therefore we have a duty and responsibility to engage in legitimate actions that would be. better secure our people and more importantly stimulate the little people
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the port of cotton or in ben in his 120 kilometers from lagos nigeria officials say many goods from coated or smuggled past customs inspectors. is the busiest of nigeria's border towns connecting the port city of cotton or in been a republic with the country's commercial capital lagos this used to be a very important trading point for imported goods especially right now in this market i mean town there is little traffic since nigeria are closed its borders the government hopes that shutting down the borders will stop because from smuggling illegal got into the country. the security clampdown us forced up the prices of goods in markets and there are shortages in some places the government says the measures will grow nigeria's economy in the long. officials say in the 1st 3 weeks of the border closures revenues from import duty went to by more than 5 percent but
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that left many nigerians concerned about rising cost of food stuff. we don't get regular supplies of food stuff no food is getting in across the border and no food reaches us here from lagos we are in a fix the government says it wants to stop smugglers and criminals who pose a bigger threat to the country and its economy and will keep the borders closed for now and finally a big issue in many an election who should be responsible for providing health care the state or for profit corporations al-jazeera shahab returns he reports now from the united states on how the health insurance industry is failing patients. when virgil clark was diagnosed with cancer she felt confident that their health insurance would cover her medical expenses how many years they had been paying in their to their insurance plan their oh my god like.
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and he is i guess maybe she wasn't fully covered by health insurance paid for most of her treatments but there remained a few $1000.00 that she was expected to cover and that she just didn't have the hospital withheld her cancer treatment of the hippocratic oath 1st do no harm. but i don't think that applied. and then she wound up detained in a courthouse of the hospital sued and walking up there when seconds in handcuffs i didn't bring in my pain medicine because i didn't think i would be there all day this sort of trauma for medical bills isn't a common experience for americans in fact 2 thirds of bankruptcies a ju-ju medical issues in the us to find out why we travel to philadelphia to speak to wendell potter he was once an executive at the health insurance company cigna most people in the us pay monthly premiums to health insurance companies like cigna as a safety net in case they need medical treatment of some kind just look at these companies
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then determine whether they will receive and can afford that treatment in 2009 blew the whistle on the health insurance industry to the u.s. congress that if the affordable health care act obamacare was passed it did wipe in coverage i'm closing loopholes insurance companies were using to refuse that plans health cat. yes. i'm 20000000 more americans were able to get health insurance as a result there's still some 28000000 americans would remain uninsured here but health insurance is still a for profit enterprise yes you can now get insured but if you actually need treatment it will cost you just as bad if not worse is the rising number of people who are under insured these are people who are paying good money every month for their health insurance premiums the finding that they now have very high deductibles for their words they have to pay a lot of money out of their own pockets before their coverage kicks in for part of
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the fundamental principles that guide insurance companies haven't changed to make as much money as they can to bring as much revenue and but to pay out as little as possible in claims because when that happens they've got more money to reward shareholders and to enrich their executives i know that because i was one of them that made quite a lot of money this is just dispute the u.s. has the most expensive health care system in the world however when health system performance is compared such as quality efficiency access to care equity and the ability to lead a long life the u.s. is launched against other developed countries the u.s. does rank top for one indicator that the amount it spends on administrative costs per capita and part of that money is dedicated to insurance companies hiring doctors and nurses as what are called medical directives but they don't treat patients they try to find ways to treat patients everyone who is employed by an insurance company knows that they have their part to play and they ensure that that
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company meets wall street's financial expectations so it doesn't have to be direct . that you will deny x. number of things or treatments but you know that if you're going to keep your job and hopefully get a raise in a bonus. you've got to do what the company expects you to do health insurance is expected to be a major issue in the 2020 election proposal recognizes the framing of the debate as one he and other executives would shape in the boardroom before funneling money to politicians the terms that are being used today are the same terms that i used to use and in fact in some cases helped create it is to get people to be afraid of change is a term that's an acronym that's used for this kind of propaganda campaign it's fun and it's fear uncertainty and doubt and these campaigns are designed to get people
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to fear change to make them feel uncertain about what's being proposed and that they would benefit from it and to doubt those who are advocating it i store someone there because i know there's someone out there who planted the sink even worse than i am and so that i feel like my story may make a difference for someone or it may embolden someone when they make speak but for now it's unsettling how familiar of a story is in the u.s. armed how powerful the forces are that want to keep it. and that's our show for this week if you'd like to comment on anything that you've seen you can tweet me i'm at a fed again on twitter please use the hash tag a j c t c when you do or you can drop us a line counting the cost at al-jazeera dot net is our e-mail address as always there's plenty more for you online at al-jazeera dot com slash c.t.c. that takes you straight to a page a day you'll find individual sports links even entire episodes for you to catch up
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that's it for this edition of counting the cost i'm adrian finighan from the whole team here in doha thanks for being with us the news on al-jazeera is next. the brazilian economy is booming but deep divisions still exist between the haves and the have nots in a country where smartphones have become a part of everyday life technology help bridge the gap. this series that challenges developers to design apps for a better world travels to real dish on a 2 and meets the young people tasked with making a difference in life that so fail a father on al-jazeera. hello
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again adrian from going to here in doha the top stories this hour on al-jazeera for thousands of australians the beach has been the only escape as bushfires pushed them from their homes the last 2 days to see an upsurge in fires particularly in the state of victoria charlotte ballasts reports. as a massive wildfire rolled towards the town of miller kusa $4000.00 people fled towards the beach those with boats went one step further is now the 5 fronts come through. there on site sound it's got to get out of the dogs up to that supplies and there is a the market. the fire was burning across 730 square kilometers is the day began it encircled resistance and turned day tonight this video was recorded at 9
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am we're just getting the same invisible and i have a new site i reckon that they say. that it's the wards of north east at the moment and it started in the town of no it didn't get me a military there is currently under attack at the moment there's a number of houses we believe was lost in and around that community we've got 3 strike teams sitting in with the community literally standing saw us all with our community at the beach front victoria's premier looked towards the straining defense force for help while fibrosis tried to come rescissions not just in mullah koussa but across the state but a number of communities are actually isolated and again this was a scenario that we forecast a number of days ago so our focus today is very much about.


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