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tv   Nature And Development At A Crossroads  Al Jazeera  August 22, 2020 7:32am-8:01am +03

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biden comma harris have given their 1st joint television interview since being formally confirmed as the democratic party nominees for november's election biden says he would be prepared to shut down the country to prevent the spread of coronavirus if that's what scientists recommend is peru's economy is on the verge of collapse shrinking by more than 30 percent as a result of the cove in 1000 pandemic millions of people have lost their jobs the government is trying to enforce measures to control the virus but people are breaking the rules as they try to make ends meet and virus experts are concerned the rollout of a russian vaccine may encourage the corona virus to mutate national forest you say it's safe and effective although full scale trials have not yet been completed some scientists say they're worried deploying a vaccine that's partially effective would cause the virus to evolve even more quickly. state now with all the headlines i'll be back with another news bulletin after talked to al jazeera. hi i'm steve clements suits and i have
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a question about these days it's hard to filter out the noise and keep track of what's really important in the bottom line tackles the big issues this is shaping the united states its people its economy and the way it deals with the rest of the world the bottom line only on al-jazeera and. cats are. one of the richest nations per capita in the world. it's experienced a rapid development since or the natural gas were discovered here in the early 1960 . megaprojects keep changing the gulf nations landscape. but the qatari coastline and its desert are also the source of a different kind of natural wealth. and if left unprotected qatar's
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native species and those who use the tiny gulf nation as a stopping point as part of their long migration. could be endangered as a result of an ounce of habitat. i'm stephanie that in the waters off the current total we are surrounded by whale sharks the biggest fish in the rush of you. in this edition of time to al-jazeera we'll take you on a journey with us to qatar's diverse wildlife will be joined by a marine environmentalist and also 800 haitian este and we'll be discussing the impact the potential uncontrolled development could have on these that diverse wildlife species living here if i'm protected. it all started a few months ago we wanted to know more about the presence here of the do go or seek out. we have in the region the 2nd largest of the world.
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this is how we 1st met dr mussen i yes i am married environmentalist and professor from catarrh university responsible for taking this beautiful journey images. and also a small change from exxon mobile research they've been starting to do go and why they gather here in such large numbers. we have to cope with we got here earth of the. wonderful low 101 and so these are the only thing we do go into yes so i mean it's important to protect the oil there's a very important you know without that they go through enough i'm going to build on the router but the most important for us how to protect it from the fishing net how to protect it from. removing this food which is near the sea grass. a lot of sea grass area already.
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we were incredibly lucky to find the herd on another day. but the reality is that these animals are endangered. on a deserted beach in the north of cattle are a hint at why their numbers are decreasing.
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and then within 5 minutes to 6. because of that you will not see any physical evidence you know how do you stop this from happening. just to protect their. own from that people. should protect them we should do something. the survival of our planet's natural treasures depends on the protection of wildlife of habitats of entire ecosystems just an hour north of qatar's capital doha we continue our journey with a professor to find a landscape many would be surprised as here in the gulf. a local coffee shop one here in our big woods and this. really is quite affecting our coastal
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area for them. so really it's going if it could go to the country the city have like hundreds of rules and these thoughts if we look in to the article you think on that clearly from the source so they breathe through one of these directly and really benefit you can think about it when the high tide is coming. smaller fish to go and hide the communities broths pro from predators exactly because the big fish kind of goes from that growth is a beautiful to see everything in symphony. you know it's been 6. everything that. we return at high tide to see the difference. so it's completely different at high tide. this is where the big fish coming no 2
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feet. so there's a lot of development that is happening here how concerned are you about the impact that that's going to have on the mangroves on a place like this. since i started my career and marine science in this is area really still protected and this is really a very good sign. only i am you know thinking about the future if there is some things have been and we need to this is for reason rather this is going to be you know. disappeared from the room our. next generation come and they will see nothing and this is my only concern. and what kind of an impact this pollution have on the mangroves only the human impact will be able to really leave when they are leaving the area like a blasted thing please maybe you can see there is one plastic bag that is already there it can be really hurting the mangrove it's twisted all
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around the branch in my hope it's this plastic will be just burned in this country it's possible you know so many country this is so good because this is killing really a lot of even land animals like camels i see a lot of people just throwing things out of their car there seems to be a bit of a lack of awareness. is it any different with so i hard to believe but not this this is bitter. but it is but if we stop the blast think we're going to really do good job to protect the environment also. on the northern tip of qatar a small taste of just how enormous the world's plastic problem is. heads a group that organizes beach cleanups and urges the community to get involved. for everything that you see here is being washed off from the ocean but whenever i say that you know i want to be sure that we don't create a misconception that it's always washed up be someone else or not or try it is our
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trash you know 80 percent of the plastic that is found in the ocean comes from land sources so that plastic bottle that you and i just threw away whatever we were at the core needs from the bar got a sports event is going to find its way to the beach and eventually the ocean is going to dump it back on the beach if that didn't sink to the bottom of the ocean the scale of it how bad because this i mean it's just littered everywhere this plastic everywhere or just to give you a little bit of scale and understanding beach we've done in the last year we had 14 cleanups we had 1600 volunteers that came on all those clean ups and we collected 20 tons of trash in 14 clean ups the biggest clean up on record that we've done was in may of last year during ramadan we had 300 volunteers in one hour we collect that 5 tons of trash in probably 2 or 300 meters of beach so show me a little bit about what you find because you can see light bulb loads of plastic
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bottles and absolutely so if you don't mind what we can do is we can grab a black bag very quickly and just emulate what we do in are clean ups so you guys can see how quickly we fuel up a bag. so i think by now if you get the point right yeah we spent 45 minutes maybe we filled up a bag each bag is our own quote feels. so you can do the math and you know we've literally been in a tiny. we haven't moved we have a move i mean we and we both had
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a little bit we haven't even really started to clean it so when we bring a 100 volunteers 300 volunteers you can see how we can just call her a lot of ground and end up with 450 of these bags in one hour. so that tells you the magnitude of the problem that we face. the going to pandemic means there's been less of us out and about traveling busy. we took a boat of qatar's northern coast with dr mussen to gauge the impact. have you observed a change in nature. lets people on the water let people out there when they should not just in the anybody with even the vision you can see a clear sky everywhere the water to become more clear more fish coming close to the . things where the human lives the disaster
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they can see you doing very well without outright. if you leave something alone anything even if it's done there is a recovery mission in the blood but if tommy shortly going to leave. this area is also rich in bird life. thousands of cormorants have been feeding all around qatar throughout the day and now is as the sun is setting coming back to where they spend the night 'd and it's incredible to see they're just flying over our heads thousands and thousands of them. birds are having a passion. i've been watching birds for more than.
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i was a hunter so when i started photographing birds so i decided to stop pumping. because actually they show me something i i wasn't seeing before. we have. spotted like more than 350 birds in qatar so it's a good thing qatar it's like a station for these birds while they are mad waiting for my place to other. but to get the shot patience and blending in are key. and how does it feel when you get that perfect shot that you've been waiting for for so long like forget hours right days years sometimes exactly sometimes when you
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are focusing on like were birds and you want to get very nice growth will take weeks i like to think for sure i spent. 3 weeks just one shot while his diving in the water they'd be fish and coming out. of the ministry of the environment is good news in place to protect some of these birds during their breeding season the hunting season run september to march now side of that it is illegal to hunt we're told you hunt but you also appreciate nature and understand the need to protect it how do you balance how how can you find a balance between those 2 things actually it's the balance between these 2 because we are hunters and we belong to traditional people we used to hunt also like our parents it's a traditional thing. so when you come and you tell them please don't.
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be like a challenge and you need to fight for protecting this maybe it will change in about 5 or 10 years later i hope so. then just as we finished our interview i think we're going to. oh dear. god what. a little light relief the wind gust frees us from the unbearable heated greenhouse effect of the tent. it's slightly cooler at door and our journey continues. we had south. this time we want to take a look at man's efforts to try to help nature because of what we have destroyed.
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qatari environmental expert mohammed ali jaida has been involved in the placing of artificial reefs along this coast. ideally would have naturally. morning why do we no longer have. the filter supply we notice in $96.98 it's the heat wave that came and killed maybe 90 percent of the course the reefs or coral i mean and also you know in the sea but there is also. increased navigational movement in the gulf you know the minister to put pressure on the oil in this is not to use the you know he says make certain how they use you know wave but this also affects mammals you know we put pressure on them to compensate so the compensation consist of you know replacing coral reefs sea by sea grass you know or programs to study marine life so this is all compensation from the oil
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industry so the reality here is that there is a lot of development oil and gas urbanization how do you balance that's a reality that is going to change how do you balance that with preserving and conserving nature the number one difficulty is the mentality you know mentality of people we deal with you know when we tell them what you're doing is has an effect on the environment they don't believe it on oh god created this and god will protect them yes but also god gave us the knowledge to do that you know so once we go over this obstacle sometimes we deal with with good you know. people in charge and they understand them actually they push into the environment the balances by compensation otherwise there is no other way to to balance it you know. qatar has some beautiful coastline beautiful beaches and despite it being the heat of summer we've come here to the northeastern coast because we want to find out more about what's happening under the water and to do that we need to speak to
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a couple of marine biologists and a captain of that starting these waters for almost 15 years they're currently in france we're going to give them a call. hi john isis single. so we are 8 just north east on one of the beaches tell me a little bit about the changes you've seen happening particularly when it comes to underneath the water since you 1st arrived the coastline of kut has been developing really rapidly in the last 10 years. especially when it comes to source of wrestler fan to the sea or this coastline has been developing really quickly with the per se and all these projects on the coast and that's a big. cause for the development is actually. affecting the
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habitat the fishing is certainly had an impact there's a lot more fishing now than there was and the netting you see a lot of nets now washed up on structures no beaches. we didn't used to have you know those brutes. so i was going at the moment you also work with the oil and gas industry i just want to get a sense of like in terms of compensation is there are there are laws in place that try and compensate for what's being damaged how is that working the ministry of environment is actually quite strong in qatar i can i can say from working in other places of the world especially in the indian ocean that catalyst got quite a good management for the marine environment flows and practice proved to be efficient so for example when a no in gas company. is doing a new project that will. probably have an impact on the marine environment.
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they have to make an impact assessment and report to d.m. and me and together with the minister of environment they have to put in place some strategy of mitigation and compensation going back to the greek. installation. which we just did a recent one with 200 units which was for 600 tonnes almost of. 3 days after we put it there we thought we'd done it and this fish living there really was before it was just a barren piece of ground 3 days later we had fish moving in the arabian gulf is a very special sea it's extreme it can go to 15 degrees in the winter to $35.00 degrees in the summer so there's like 20 degrees range of water temperature. for course for example this is completely insane on the great barrier reef if the temperature of varies by cheating trees above the normal they start breaching and
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suffering and eventually dying in cata the species we have and they adapted to the harsh condition so they that's what we call them 5 super course because how can this core survive in this kind of conditions where the rest of the course on the planet die with very small a range of temperature so it's really interesting scientifically that we have some species here in qatar that can survive. the worst temperature that we planning in 2100 prediction of the water temperature in the stroller that's why it's worth protecting them as well because the they might be the future of of course as well you know. we had back out to sea for one of our final trips and it's the one i'm the most excited about.
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we're looking to find the world's biggest fish. there are. still many. what's happening now you know the tuna now is spawning oh so it's a mating frenzy to find one female and there's like $34.00 males around there or so as she jacks the eggs they you know the inject also their sperm and it's a big fight the strong one which will you know. that spend one and the biggest amount of eggs you know. and what happens this frenzy the sound it will. sharks they will detect it you know and they will gather all the sharks in
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there they will go and they would come to this spot. and then you know once the spawning stops you will find hundreds of sharks and they come and feed on the area and how many how many well sharks easily observable is. normally and one aggregation the biggest maker we recorded by a drone is 350 with one shot you know but in our database we have more than 600 you know it's a world record you know and why do they aggregate in this area in particular the main thing in this area is the temperature the what you see if you go 5 or 6 kilometers out of this area the water temperature is about between 32 to 34 average 32 degrees centigrade in this area here. to about 2728 you know it's the best or the ideal temperature for fish to breathe you know so when they breed or spawn near. the shark comes for the protein you know they come specifically for the
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fish caviar. a bucket list moment as they say. a 1st glimpse of these enormous gentle giants. 'd it's hard to describe the feeling of swimming alongside them watching them feed. feeling like tiny insignificant yet privileged guests in their world. the sun sets on our journey through katter's natural wealth. just minutes from the
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capital doha. it's incredible. i like it and even. my computer screen it's this there's makes you know it's amazing i remember that every day what would you like to see. more to protect. like what would you like to see done what. will one thing give everything as if this is the most important thing 2nd for the new generation maybe the old be able to use this. example live up to hundreds if its culture is a long time ago limitation of the food but now it's handle everything available with the kid's education and health of affected driving your car over the nearest canning pant this very or other reason i like. we've got to protect
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and fellow we are going to handle. it's the end of our wild life travels it stand months. many are not aware of just how rich the small desert country is when it comes to nature increased awareness hopefully will lead to more efforts to protect and conserve all these diverse that . because of nature. not just through government policies but it's also down to us as individuals to do our part in protecting the land and the waters that we are privileged to share. in cameroons with this. plastic is everywhere.
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but if bottles can be fishing boats. i'm bubble gum wellington boots what more can be done with this plague of paul innes. through i. last day. on al-jazeera. selfless act human bravery 10000 precious pieces of literature rescued from being burnt to ashes and it besieged sorry. al-jazeera won't it's the bosnian women and men who risked everything to save their rights and heritage. the love of books on al-jazeera. we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter what.
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al-jazeera to bring you the news and current affairs that matter to. how does the. russian opposition figure alexina volley is being flown to germany where he'll be treated for suspected poisoning. i know them or kyle this is alex there are live from doha also coming up libya's u.n. backed government announces a cease fire the rival parliament in the east also appealed to stop the fighting. mexico's president who promised to.


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