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tv   The War in October Week 3 The Battle Beyond  Al Jazeera  October 20, 2020 4:00am-5:01am +03

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without considering a single one. and knowing it's going to have. a simple tuck. in for most. of the unconventionality applying witness through the lens of the human eye. is what inspires the next. witness documentaries on al-jazeera. who am fully batty boy in doha with a look at our main stories on al-jazeera present donald trump says he plans to take sudan off the u.s. list of state sponsors of terrorism but only after it pays 3 $135000000.00 to american terror big tims and their families trumps announcement comes as he tries to encourage wall arab countries to establish diplomatic relations with israel hit morgan has more from khartoum. something that means
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a lot to sudanese government because the country has been cut off from foreign investment largely because of being on the list of states sponsoring terrorism and this has resulted in a shortage of hard currency which makes it very hard for the country to import basic commodities such as fuel and we and that has resulted in shortages in petrol stations and bakeries it's also lead to inflation of more than 200 percent making many from families many of them who live below the poverty line struggle to get 3 meals a day now sudan says that this also means that the u.s. administration has. d. link the issue of being delisted to normalizing ties with israel that is something that the u.s. has been pushing sudan to do since u.s. secretary of state my point was that if the country in august in the previous august now sudan says that it is not in the position to actually normalize ties with israel because it is not a mandated government or an elected government let's not forget that this government is
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a coalition government from made up of various political parties with various leanings and different leanings and the prime minister has to redo the stated that he is concerned about the stability of the transition should he make the step of normalizing and that until a mandated or elected government is in place seeking such a move will be hard but al-jazeera has also spoken to senior officials who say that that does not mean normalizing is of the tables that's because normalizing comes with an economic package economic assistance that the country is in dire need of so while there are steps they could to move sudan off the list of states sponsoring terrorism so dan's economy is still dire and this means that the country has to look for ways to revive its economy and tell the impact of being delisted takes place. countries across europe are taking imagine sea action in a desperate effort to stop the rapid spread of coronavirus both island and wales are heading into short periods while poland is transforming its national stadium into a field hospital as the government warns it could see $20000.00 new cases
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a day the u.s. has charged 6 former russian military offices for global cyber attacks the justice department says hackers targeted events like the and then picks in tokyo and the french presidential elections the group are part of the same unit that interfered in the 2016 u.s. election no country has weaponized its cyber capabilities as maliciously and it responsibly as russia wantonly causing unprecedented collateral damage to pursue small tactical advantages and fits of spite. the defendants in this case were all members of the military unit 74455 of the russian main intelligence directorate known as the g.r.u. . the department previously charged members of the same unit also known to cyber security researchers as the sand worm team for their role in russia's efforts to
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interfere with the 2016 u.s. elections. guinea's electoral body has dismissed the main opposition count as a scream of victory in the presidential election. even though official results aren't expected for several days johnno is a main challenger to incumbent condé who is bidding for a 3rd term the international red cross says a stable ceasefire is needed in the box so it can help civilians there reports shelling continues days after azerbaijan and armenia agree to a humanitarian truce the latest fighting over the disputed region broke out 3 weeks ago and the u.s. special envoy to afghanistan says taliban attacks are threatening to derail peace talks this comes as tens of thousands in helmand province a fled increase fighting between the taliban and government forces the taliban blames excessive u.s. air strikes for violating negotiations those are the headlines coming up next the war in october stay with us.
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here. new york. saturday the 6th of october 1973. the waldorf astoria hotel. in the early hours american secretary of state henry kissinger. is woken in his suite with the news of military activity in the middle east.
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2 hours later at 2 pm middle eastern time. egypt and syria launched a war against israel on 2 fronts. after 3 years in power egyptian president anwar sadat had grown tired of peace initiatives that seemed to be going nowhere. we don't fear mediators has not been successful and so and and the united states was the main supporter of the surge so it was clear that if you want to solve the problem you would have to do 2 things either go to war. or try to convince the americans to move in the right. 2 weeks into the war and with the opposing forces locked in a stalemate and richeson just arrived in moscow. is goal was to agree a u.n. ceasefire acceptable to egypt's soviet ally. yes.
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the russians had presented us with a russian jew ship that was unacceptable so we had to rewrite it in history and. shoot up from the. right and get it all done and we push it to the next morning. within 2 days the draft of un security council resolution 338 had been accepted by both the soviets and the americans. but instead of returning direct to washington kissinger made a stopover in tel aviv for a few hours. that's off to news 22nd of october he would give his blessing to israeli plans to violate a cease fire even before the temple got. on
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the sit for the toba $973.00 the egyptians mounted a lightning attack across the suez canal. their goal to liberate the sinai peninsula occupied by israel 60 is in the 6 day war. to field all means 100000 men had established bridgeheads 10 kilometers deep into sinai. during the 1st week of war the israelis had lost equipment at an unprecedented rate. 500 tanks. and 50 aircraft. to an egyptian army equipped with the latest soviet weaponry can tell the anti-tank rockets. and sophisticated sufis to and missiles. right on the political system away from the soviets are trying to impose their will
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on. but at least to gain a position to supply mashable mom's forms to the arab world. united states had to respond and it had to make sure that weapons were not perceived as being inferior in the soviet union. by the 14th of october a massive american alef had begun to carry weapons to israel. the operation was code named grass. electronic equipment sand which would help to neutralize the sand sides toll antitank missiles or sand the strange thing is that the really important material it was sent was the most basic 105 millimeter ammunition they sent that by the thousands of tons and it was fired off almost immediately. throughout the whole war we were receiving ammunition crates of ammunition which came straight off the planes and ships. and no one even tries to make it look like
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it's israeli there was u.s. army on it so it was clear what role america took in keeping israel alone. reinforced with american arms. israelis now formed a bold plan to cross the canal at a gap that identified between the 2 egyptian field armies. the plan was cooled stout hearted man. during the 2nd week of the war and after a fierce fighting these really succeeded in crossing to the egyptian mainland on the west bank of the canal. 3 on the divisions some 600 tanks formed an israeli bridge had in an area called devil swaps.
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notes of iraq says. we had to get to all the anti aircraft bases and take them out and hit the retreating egyptian forces and cut off the egyptian troops that had crossed to the eastern side of the canal so it was a complicated mission but with an official up there of. the egyptians confused and unsure what was going on began to restrict the release of information about the israeli presence on the western side of the canal. but sort of talking here was the moment the egyptians said that 4 or maybe even 8 israeli tanks had been attracted to the western side of the canal and were being dealt with i told the friends the egyptian command have started making false statements up till then all the egyptian statements were truthful and the israelis were lying now i said it's the other way around that egyptians are lying and the israeli
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statements are correct. on the other hand the israelis were working closely with western journalists. just the wrong box and purely military it was a brilliant they conceived plan b. israel. managed to see more with federal troops in egypt. international correspondents accompanied minister of defense moshe dyan on visits to israeli forces west of the canal. president sadat claimed the israeli operation and deficit while he was in a television stunt an attempt to cover up israeli failures in the 1st week of. taba in fact it was a really serious problem i knew it was not just a media operation but that israeli breakthrough was a personal blow to me as a commander of the 2nd. davis walk the area now coming under
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israeli control was a rich agricultural land. totally different from the waste desert of sinai. egyptian special forces working in small groups use the last undergrowth to set ambushes for the israeli troops. it was clear. why was i was so confident because i knew they were up to the job i had faith in the troops and commanders. i had lived with them for a long time i was the commander of the part of troops for 3 years and i knew them to be brave fighters real men and reliable. egyptian chief of staff general sada szczesny realize the war plan was on the verge of disaster. antitank squads would desperately needed on the western bank of the canal to help
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stop the israeli advance. but an ordering them to cross back from sinai shadley was breaking presidential orders. said that. and so that had set his mind on the fact that since we had taken bridgeheads on the eastern side of the canal we should never leave the east whatever happened he thought at least now we are on the eastern side of the canal and so he gave orders that not even one rifle should be pulled back from east to west. so how can we stop them how can we stop them how can we stop the enemy when we have no troops and 90 percent of our troops are on the eastern side of the canal not fighting and have nothing to do anyway at the end it was the president and the war minister on one side and side shows you on the other whose orders are going to prevail you figure it out or the end of that. says lee who had masterminded
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egypt's initial success. i was sidelined. from now on sadat and his woman mr general after my dismay i would take all the decisions. when the israeli forces crossed to the western side of the canal they inflicted massive damage to the logistical units in the rear which were untrained units so what was their goal just to create as much terror as possible rob. now the egyptian high command was running out of options air force commander has new mubarak ordered his pilots into the air. and over but i remember once i was entering the operation room and i heard general hosni mubarak on the ridge you speaking to our brigade commander has and family. has been saying sir don't you see
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what's like to work reply doesn't scramble. they are dangerous enemy targets but you have to scramble don't you if you didn't scramble what would happen those readers will advance and everything you've done would be in vain. egyptian pilots also found themselves facing a new threat from the israeli it's from the ground from occupied territory west of the canal. adoor be the fact they came across with a mobile air defense system hokum assad asked those missiles brought down many of our aircraft with me on the colleague who were attacked by a hawk massagers it took me by surprise and i said to myself oh god swayze is firing at me and then one of her songs one of the after more than 2 weeks of war it seemed all this bloodshed was about to come to an end. on the 22nd of
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october the u.n. security council adopted resolution 338 calling for a ceasefire in the middle east. bloody battles have been going on and taking casualties and destruction the situation has been created in this area syria's 3 ministers the maintenance of international peace. $852.00 middle eastern time the fighting would stop. in desperate battles on the western side of the canal egypt had lost hundreds of men. 2 of its senior commanders brigade is a good design and when he met a family had died in the fighting. but despite these losses egyptians had stopped the israelis from achieving the strategic goal of stout
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hearted men. today just south of the city of a smiley israeli tanks remain at the point where their advance was stopped in its tracks. and headway at that point the corridor through the road had not been cut and neither the 3rd nor the 2nd army was besieged but then who said anything about israel respecting un security council resolutions and in the slave that then commitments. as the hour of the cease fire approached american secretary of state henry kissinger arrived in tel aviv. the ceasefire he had just spoken straighted with the soviets had come too soon for israel they were desperate to fight on to consolidate their position. kissinger agreed to china blind eye. witness so that israel had
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a greater interest in the ceasefire could be an order that moment has the hard work to do so terror who was to capture. as morning broke on the 23rd of october israeli forces went into action as though no ceasefire existed. to ahmed divisions commanded by generals after hamadan and conmen magen. braced southwards by pulsing egyptian resistance points and a dash towards us. the may have a problem with us to support. it almost to get to within 80 kilometers of cairo and with 3 divisions i think that considering where we started from to reach where we did it was a huge achievement but we paid the price in blood in my battalion 67 of my soldiers were killed almost a 100 injured. by nightfall on the 23rd
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the israelis had managed to cut the kyra so as road and by passed so as city to reach the port of ajdabiya. the egyptian 3rd army dug in on the eastern side of the canal now found itself under siege surrounded by israeli troops on every side. 100. 1000000 there was a state of the wonderment and feet of the 1967 soon are you that what happened in june $67.00 would happen again and now we are at their mercy that the holiday. in new york at 11 pm middle eastern time on the 23rd of october the reconvened security council issued resolution 339. it called for a new cease fire to go into effect at 7 am the following day. but again israel was
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to break the 2nd cease fire. that formed my d.m. out of you see their main target was a big city and the conquering of a big city either is smart or swiss a city with a big name they were fighting more of a media battle but at the same time they wanted to achieve a big political goal. until the 6 day war suez was a flourishing industrial city imports. but after $967.00 the city found itself on the front line between egypt and israeli occupied sinai. a target for israeli attacks it was soon reduced to rubble.
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a city of a quarter of a 1000000 people now lay virtually abandoned. on october the 24th just as the new cease fire was scheduled to start israeli tanks and power troops moved into the semi deserted city. but they soon encountered stiff resistance from a small city militia. or how those tanks entered the city and ibrahim saw a man hit the 1st of them so a man's shell went through the tanks hatch of the driver's throat and stopped the tank that was the 1st act to stop in so race. so all the tanks and armored vehicle
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stopped after that one because it blocked the street while we knew very well as we did that if any tank stops in a city it becomes a mobile tomb so the abandoned their tanks and ran to the nearby buildings where the horse should be or the from. the israelis were driven from the city using 80 debt and 120 wounded. to this day destroyed israeli tanks remain a testimony to the courageous resistance in suez. despite the setback israel's disregard of the cease fire was buying it precious territory elsewhere causing consternation in moscow. so this course is little that most of us also have
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little clue to just when israel ignored the u.n. cease fire and continued fighting it became clear there were different points of view in the soviet government some people thought we should put pressure on them to make them adopt a ceasefire make them behave properly. much. on the 24th of october at 9 35 pm washington time and alarming message arrived from moscow. it said the soviets were considering taking unilateral action to impose the ceasefire in the middle east. what they were there were some exercises several airborne divisions were put on alert but i don't think there was a military contingent ready to land the next day in the middle east it was more likely to be political pressure not military although some people for example our minister
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of defense were very keen on the idea. with president nixon submerged in the mire of the watergate scandal. it was left to henry kissinger to handle the crisis. kissinger decided to respond to the soviet threat with a show of force. there to 11 41 pm washington time the american armed forces state of alert was raised to defense condition 3 the highest in peacetime. well the question of the us versus soviet union. always boils down to mutual annihilation we could have killed everybody in the soviet union they could've killed everybody and i state and the rest of the world would have gone it was an absolutely insane
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situation the thing that saved it was that each side knew that if a war occurred the leaders themselves would get killed and so when you know that you're going to get killed in a war and i disown pork peasant soldiers going to get killed you make different decisions about starting a war. faced with the possibility of a spiral towards nuclear will the next day 25th of october the soviet stepped back . the alert was defused. we do not consider it. but the soviet union we do not believe it is not at this moment. in fact we have been over the operative story that really. went. better. for a full 24 hour as the world had stood on the brink of between the 2 great nuclear
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powers but common sense at prevailed. on october the 25th the un security council issued resolution $340.00 the 3rd and less than 4 days to finally impose a ceasefire in the middle east. the following day the vanguard of a new you an emergency force arrived at the suez front. but despite their presence skirmishes continued between egyptian and israeli troops on the western bank of the canal. so this violation started almost immediate. because what'll happen when the war stopped was that it stopped in the middle of ongoing military operations so there were no natural lines of them or cation the forces were nearly mixed on the battlefield.
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with no clear border lines between forces a major breakthrough was needed to end the fighting and secure the fragile un ceasefire. it would come when it gyptian is in israeli's mehta negotiations on the battlefield. for the 1st time in the 25 year history of the state of israel. will he not global community because this is an elbow that's a health crisis that was. that looks like the part of the debate issue in each if you can jump into the conversation when no topic is off the table you're not afraid of anyone taking our we just what. you see is 3 targeting richer and the
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poor getting poorer it's not kill the story the system it's just to look at the system and adopt it this street on out is they're out on the deserted streets of bogota they've become familiar figures couriers on bicycles delivering food or medicine to lock down colombians most of them here are venezuelan migrants they might go in with some mother of 4 says contagion is always on her mind none of them receive health insurance for their work and exposing themselves and very few seem to have it yet there may be a bright side people who look down on them as own skilled migrants now say they're essential to control the virus and receive messages on the scene that we are you know as i was a nurse back to me what i am doing is not all that different from my passion helping others. i know that corruption has reached a love call like never ever before in our country. rank outsider.
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to president of the united states. the power was in the data we will ask the american people with the truth and nothing else discovered. for winning the white house unfair game on al jazeera. again i'm fully back in doha with the headlines on al-jazeera present donald trump says he plans to take sudan off feel less list of state sponsors of terrorism but only after it pays 335000000 dollars to american terror and their families trumps announcement comes as he tries to encourage countries to establish diplomatic relations with israel hugh morgan is in khartoum she says the agreement is a milestone for sudan it's something that means
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a lot to sudanese government because the country has been cut off from foreign investment largely because of being on the list of states sponsoring terrorism and this has resulted in a shortage of hard currency which makes it very hard for the country to import basic commodities such as fuel and weeds and that has resulted in shortages in a petrol stations and bakeries it's also little inflation of more than 200 percent making many farm families many of them who live below the poverty line struggle to get 3 meals a day countries across europe are taking emergency action in a desperate effort to stop the rapid spread of coronavirus both island and wales are heading into short down periods while poland is transforming its national stadium into a field hospital as the government warns it could see 20000 new cases a day the u.s. has charged 6 former russian military officers for global cyber attacks the justice department says hackers targeted events like the olympics in tokyo and the french
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presidential election the group are part of the same units that interfered in the 2016 u.s. election. guinea's electoral body has dismissed the main opposition candidates claim a victory in the presidential election. as he won even though official results aren't expected for several days jallow is the main challenger to incumbent who's bidding for a controversial 3rd term the international red cross says is stable ceasefire is needed in a go no car box so it can help civilians there reports shelling continues days after azerbaijan and armenia agreed to a humanitarian truce the latest fighting broke out 3 weeks ago and the u.s. special envoy to afghanistan says taliban attacks are threatening to derail peace talks this comes as tens of thousands in helmand province have fled increased fighting between the taliban and government forces those are the headlines i'll have more news for you after the war in october just stay with us.
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on the northern front on the golan heights the 3rd week of the october war opened with syrian and israeli forces locked in a stalemate. syria's initial thrust to recapture this territory occupied by israel in the 6 day war had been repulsed and a counterattack by hastily called up israeli reservists. by the end of the 1st week of war syrian troops had been forced to withdraw while the israelis pushed on across the 1967 cease fire line towards the syrian capital. of fewer and fewer secular moto i think that stopping 35 kilometers short of damascus was smart you must end a war in
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a position from which the statesman can start negotiating saw final position was good to me. on. as the balance shifted in favor of israel other arab countries sent troops and support. the syrian front was strengthened by the arrival of expeditionary forces from iraq jordan saudi arabia and kuwait. this cocktail of arab forces would now be used in a counterattack to drive the israelis back out of the pocket they had occupied in the syrian mainland. you'll win. our city in our struggle so i will settle surveying the on the 21st of october we heard there was a big attack planned. it was to be carried out by iraqi and sunni forces to reclaim
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. to retreat and get back to the position on the 5th of october. of that stage we hoped we could restore what has been lost on the syrian front. of a. love affair in the asylum and. surely. the attack was set for the 23rd of october. but it would never happen. on the 22nd egypt's president anwar sadat unilaterally accepted a un cease fire that would take effect that evening. syrian president hafez assad now faced the prospect of fighting alone on the single front . as the 23rd drew to a close the syrians to bow to the inevitable assad would have no choice but to
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accept the ceasefire times. but the israelis were not done with fighting yet. a key listening post had been captured by syrian paratroopers on the 1st day of war. with just a few hours left before the cease fire israel's golani brigade attacked. after facing face syrian resistance they finally secured their prize. but only after suffering heavy losses. $55.00 dead and $79.00 wounded. the for the chips. it was really important for israel to raise the country's flag and the goal lonnie brigades flag on top of mount hermon on the last day of the war
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. and to prevent the syrians from securing any sort of success from this war. on the suez canal front things were no better for the egyptians. these release had the entire egyptian 3rd army besieged on the eastern side of the canal. 35000 soldiers cut off from their supply lines. that may affect them and the side at least every day we had with us what was called combat russian 3 packs of small biscuits and 2 bars of press they tell us these things could provide you the necessary calories for one day but now it was all the food that was available for the soldier to 5 days and one that had a gun there was nothing but other. but the israelis were also facing
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a major problem for the 1st time in the history of arab israeli conflict egypt was holding a large number of prisoners of war. $230.00 in total. i want to hold for an award this year to get almost a country off from under the arrival of the 1st prisoners lifted the morale of all our forces straight away egyptian military intelligence resorted to photographing them and putting those photos in the media to try and boost the morale not only of the armed forces but also of the egyptian people shop. back in israel demonstrators soon took to the streets accusing gold the eves government of not doing enough to bring home the captured soldiers. go all the way here have some time before offered who have is really officers meet their egyptian counterparts. who discuss what would most important to
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her the release of israeli prisoners and also talk about letting supplies through to the 3rd army because she insisted on a meeting between the egyptians n newsroom is who until then the return they are is really an exist they want to go counter. so it came as a surprise when the egyptians accepted just such negotiations. the meeting point was to be a tent erected at the sign marking 101 kilometers to cairo on the kyra's suez road . at 1 30 am on the 28th of october and for the 1st time ever egyptians and israelis were about to have direct negotiations. but the negotiations quickly became strained a skirmish just continued in the confusion of the battlefield.
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where the logic then yemen on a different sort of battle started after the cease fire we put into action a plan called revenge and another called total we had orders to keep the defense active not passive meaning we should not give up fighting. him at the 2nd. on the 30th of october israeli prime minister golda made complicated matters still further when she made a morale boosting visit. 2 israeli troops on the western side of the canal on egyptian soil. meanwhile the effects of this war began to be felt globally. arab oil producing countries had formulated a plan to use the price of oil to pressure western supporters of israel. by mid
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october several of the biggest producers had unilaterally raise prices by nearly 20 percent. full. worried about it did drove futures prices up and people were bananas on all wanting to fill up their cars. i think it satisfied. a very real and important psychological need a mug's there. to have demonstrated. that they could take some action. now that this regional conflict was beginning to have international ramifications. on the 6th of november american secretary of state henry kissinger flew into cairo . for his 1st ever meeting with anwar sadat. started talking
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about 0 pulling back to the so-called october 22nd war it's where they should have stopped because there's as you know we could argue for weeks and weeks and weeks over this and at the end they would still be on your territory of water solved lot but if that's what you want we'll do it and sort out so what's the alternative is to give me a little bit more time and will go for a bigger agreement that will get them completely off the. west bank of the corral back in the sinai and so that's a fun let's do the big step not the small thank you 4 days after this meeting an initial agreement was signed and the 10 to kilometer 101. the 1st step in kissinger's grand plan. the agreement guaranteed the egyptians daily convoys of nonmilitary supplies to the
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city of suez and the besieged 3rd army. for israel the key point of the agreement was an exchange of prisoners. israeli prisoners arriving back and tell of the when met by huge crowds. prime minister golda my ear was moved to tears by the occasion. and sniffed the harder than he worked. it's hard to describe my feelings when i saw the coastline of my country from the plane. we landed at a military air base and once the doors were opened we saw the israeli soldiers coming in not egyptians. and when you come down the steps and you saw the applause in the church is an amazing feeling the whole method or at the core lot.
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thus the. as the new year arrived henry kissinger returned to the region. to hammer out the next step in his grand plan for egyptian israeli disengagement. on the 11th of january he met with sadat in the southern egyptian city of aswan. the. next day in the afternoon kissinger left for television to meet up with the israelis. after week flying between aswan a city famous for its winter sun. and television experiencing its 1st ever snow storm. both sides accepted a disengagement agreement. a new term had entered the lexicon of international politics shuttle diplomacy. although it
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could be there when you continue to read. the face of it. on the 18th of january general mohammad an egyptian chief of staff. and general d.v.l.a. as it is israeli counterpart signed the agreement in the tent a kilometer one a one. it was the 1st in a chain of agreements that would lead to total israeli withdrawal from sinai and april $982.00. 1000 how possible or what the significance of that war the october war was the impact it had not only on the political military and security level but only israeli citizen himself in accepting the idea that i can leave the land occupied to feel more secure. the agreement
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stated that israeli forces west of the canal would withdraw to the east bank and further east into sinai. a reduced egyptian force would stay on the eastern side of the canal in positions they had captured during the war. un forces would police the buffer zone between the 2 armies. and entertainment troops came one day to sing for the soldiers on the western bank of the canal and be included in the repertoire of song left over from the 6 day war making fun of egyptian soldiers. running away and leaving their boots in the sand and when they finished singing the soldiers came up and suggested that they take that soul out of the repertoire it was not appropriate and. by the end of january the israelis had finished the 1st stage of their withdrawal from the western side of
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the canal. the route to the city of suez was of. after almost a 100 days the siege of the 3rd on me was lifted. i am. there 3 weeks later egypt enjoyed a day of celebration. in the gypsum parliament sadat tell the ceremony to decorate and promote the heroes of the armed forces. but one name was missing from the rhone of on a. general side to show sleep the man who had formulated the original plan for the war. and then they are many that doesn't matter at all look
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i seek new position in real life i'm seeking the afterlife along. with what matters to me is egypt my. worst fear is the demi stakes of the uk to war and there were mistakes despite the undoubtedly glorious achievements of the our children and grandchildren will make the same mistakes if you don't learn from it of egypt is what matters to me not saddam i will get my reward from a willing and ready and the law. by the end of february israeli troops had completed the final stage of their withdrawal from the western side of the canal. the moved us the israelis pulled out this ice clearance process and it was a bit like a can of us. basically they were relieved. why.
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these were research soldiers they've been called up for months they wanted to come home. but even as israel soldiers celebrated the mood back home was different. israel lost 2600 men killed. per capita. this is treat her as the death rate of the americans in vietnam over 10 years. this israel suffered in 3 weeks. as the public wanted to know how come this really in the civilian and military leadership were surprised by a mass arab a 2 front attack it how come the they were caught with their pants down and they
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also wanted to know why the army performed so poorly in those 1st few days. less than 6 months after the start of the war a commission of investigation headed by shimon i cannot president of the israeli supreme court would place the blame family on the military. 3 army heads would roll. chief of staff general david the. commander of southern command general shmuel gunmen. and head of military intelligence general alys aida. the commission cleared prime minister golda may it and defense minister moshe dyan. but the israeli public were not appeased. and demonstrations broke out on the streets. 9 days after the commission published
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its report the prime minister resigned. and a cute opening. still accuse golda meir of killing. mordred to talk of israeli soldiers in the long haul many egyptian soldiers because of her sheer stupidity and obstinacy. yet it would be 2 months before mrs made would leave office there was unfinished business with the syrians. since the ceasefire of the 23rd of october the previous year the situation on the golan front had remained inflammable. skirmishes breaking out regularly. the israeli still occupied a salient deep inside the syrian mainland not far from the capital damascus. when family look if you remember a few mahalo for work in iraq we went through some hard days and nights them.
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staying strong emotionally was difficult because of the depression the uncertainty the physical conditions also made it difficult to live in the open during the winter. and that winter of 7374 was very harsh. in may 974 kissin just set out on his 2nd round of shuttle diplomacy. this time between televisa and damascus. after almost a month of hard talking to managed to secure a 2nd breakthrough in the region. on the 28th of may 1970. the government of israel approved a disengagement agreement with syria. every.
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day that we hope syrian mothers israeli mothers syrian young wives israeli young wives children on both sides of the border can go to sleep at night without. terror. dream of. if their dear one is alive today will he be alive again and the next day. egremont stated that israeli forces would withdrew from the pockets they were occupying in syria. syrian troops would return to almost the same positions they had started to woo from with the un managed officers between the 2 in. the largest city in the land would be returned to syria. the way on the face the june 1974 egremont was signed in geneva by senior military
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officers of both sides. of. the war not total was officially over on both fronts after $243.00 days of fighting. this into the street with assad legs in getting the green. essentially tricked syria to examine the. new. syria recovered track which the israelis grew up with the tiny sliver of territory with everything in israeli hands. the egyptians got what they wanted out of it so you know sadat had realistic goals about recovering the sinai and the war led to the recovery of the sinai for egypt so you've got to see that as a win for the egyptians. for the syrians they don't recover the golan so you've got to see that as a defeat essential. for the israelis all smoothly they had reversed the course of
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the war but they had suffered very heavy casualties so you kind of have to see it as a bit of a defeat for the israelis in terms of being caught by surprise. you know a person in his life has 34 friends who are close to their hearts and in their souls possibly of another of them returned with me so i definitely don't think there are any winners in your age there will be someone who loses more someone who loses less but there are no winners in wars and that's something which has stayed with me since $973.00 because the. picture wasn't. going to update us least most of the company no more. we used the train for our return to kargil you knew soldiers who had died during this or duct operation and you know their wives their mothers we knew each other the families very well when i saw them
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i hid under the crane see what can you say to them you get my point you see they're expecting our eyes and they look at you search. where is he what can you say the suffering churns you up inside you feel like exploding of course you cry it's command or not it's just a human reaction what can you say to them his children what do you say to a wife who comes with 2 kids waiting for their falling. in the ball.
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well the 1st snow has fallen from the plain states new england there is more to
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come this bit of dippy is quite cold we're down to single figures now as a minneapolis on tuesday will see sleet and then probably snow thing is fairly heavy as well but then heading out through ontario missing toronto toronto seas warming weather without rain on the frontal system and then behind it temps has risen a bit the suns will come to work in minneapolis but if you're in montana or british columbia possibly even the higher bits of audio or wyoming it is going to be still is going to feel like early winter hardly a surprise whereas the opposite is true of the hallways in florida significant rain seems likely late on monday than early on chooses drifting a bit west still might catch the keys but bahamas down to cuba this is an area of particular wetness i think on tuesday and probably on wednesday as well whereas the yucatan down towards mexico not to wet and to the down to for example nicaragua or beyond in south america has a season changes we see more significant and helpful rain in western brazil and
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then this significant frontal system that runs up well through the river plate which brings rain and then a drop in temperature. rise of defiance it really touched my heart deeply when she started seeing the all the. 'd al-jazeera world remembers a palestinian singer who reached audiences beyond middle east born into a creative family and as a rebel she sang out powerful and emotional message the story. the voice of palestine on al-jazeera. as countries begin easing coronavirus restrictions scientists warn of a 2nd wave of infections in the last few. neighborhoods and many feel the economy is the player acknowledged the boat for human life. support
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your claim the focus on bell here because i can fix we bring you the latest developments from across the globe coronavirus and then special coverage on al-jazeera. think. the us present donald trump says he is ready to remove sudan from the nest of state sponsors of terrorism but it comes at a cost. i'm fully back to this is al jazeera live from doha old so coming up new rules for the next u.s. presidential debate after the 1st one was dominated by interruptions and insults
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we'll have a live report. trying to fight off a 2nd wave of coronavirus in europe restaurants atolls curfews impose.


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