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tv   Rewind Iraq After The Americans  Al Jazeera  November 22, 2020 11:00pm-12:01am +03

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it simply does appear to be down when i want to investigate the plot of timelines decide on which of the order the war in the world. oh, i maryam namazie in on the quick look at headlines now. if you have his prime minister has issued a 72 hour ultimatum to forces in the distant region of to grow, i would says the people's liberation front has 3 days to surrender or brace for an all out assault on the regional capital mccalla a. the reuters news agency reports that to grind forces have destroyed roads and bridges to slow down the government offensive. civilians have been told to get out while they still can move from ethiopia's capital. the government forces idea to reach the outskirts of the city of mccullough couple of the to grow region,
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but they are already talking about their plan on how they want to see start city, which is not only the biggest city in the to grow region, but also the stronghold of the 2 p.l.o. leaders, prime minister of this government does spirit to see cup should. now they're saying to finish the wall that is going to happen in the mountainous areas surrounding mckillop. there will be needing tunks and also to living fired into this city, targeting military installations there on the differences of the t.p.m. saying there were also use rights and drone attacks against the defenseless on its outskirts before. if you have been national defense forces can advance towards the field fields on the outskirts of the city. they have been dropping overnight and lift lots warning civilians not to go anywhere near military
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installations and to stay at home. but it's not known what the civilians who are already facing, shortage of food and other basic essential can do other than flee united states is hoping to begin a sweeping program of vaccinations against the coronavirus. and let's month, he had of the white house vaccine task force says it plans to vaccinate $20000000.00 people before the end of the year to vaccines are up for approval in early december, but said to have 95 percent efficacy. our plan is to be able to ship vaccines to the immunization sites within 24 hours from the approval. so i would expect maybe on day 2, after approval on the 11th or on the 12th of december, hopefully the 1st people will be immunized across the united states. across all states, in all the areas where this, the state departments of health will have to told us where to deliver the vaccine.
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g. 20 leaders have promised to spare no effort in making sure coronavirus vaccine to distribute it fairly around the world. but concluding never summit hosted by saudi arabia. they gave you specifics on exactly how this would be guaranteed. discussions also focused on helping poor nations recover from the economic damage inflicted by the pandemic. us president donald trump's campaign will appeal of ruling that denied its request to help president elect joe biden's win in the state of pennsylvania. a federal judge dismissed the lawsuit on friday, saying the claim to prevent state officials from satisfying results was without merit. former governor of new jersey, fellow republican, chris christie, says illegal campaign has become fosco. the president's legal team has been a national embarrassment. they want to inside the courtroom. they allege fraud outside the courtroom, but when they go inside the courtroom, they will put fraud and they don't argue fraud. this is what i was concerned about
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at 2. 30 in the morning on wednesday night. listen, i've been a supporter of the president. i voted for him twice, but elections have consequences, and we care markets, a new tool. i see if something happened here, but didn't happen. just a quick update from bikini polls of close in the election. there's been a vote mob by violence and allegations of fraud. president christian cabrera is seeking a 2nd 5 year term in office. hundreds of thousands of people have been unable to vote with polling stations in the north and east of the country being closed because of fears of attacks by armed groups. oh, it, rewind, iraq. after the americans is a program coming up next, examining the state of the nation off to the u.s. troop withdrawal. stay with us for that.
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hello and welcome once again to rewind. i'm come out, santa maria, and the decade or so since the start of al-jazeera english. back in 2006, we've broadcast hundreds of moving powerful documentaries. and here on rewind, we are revisiting some of the best of them. and looking at how the story has moved on today, where rewinding to 2012 when fault lines, sebastian walker returned to iraq to assess the state of the nation after the withdrawal of u.s. troops. that was supposed to be the end of 9 years of occupation. following the
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downfall of saddam hussein since that time, of course, iraq has had to endure chaos in the wake of the rise of eisel. a government widely seen as exacerbating sectarian divides and the virtual destruction of cities like mosul in the attempt to drive out. in retrospect, said walker's film is an extraordinary snapshot of a moment in time, a very personal journey through a devastated land with hopes of a better life emerging from the ashes. hopes that were to be cruelly dashed from 2012. his fault lines iraq, after the americans. i since i was last in iraq back then coalition troops were still deployed in the southern city of bands for the military has left many of the british soldiers who
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were based in the state on this time. they're here for the money. business is booming for their clients to iraq is pumping record amounts of oil and production contracts to develop the country's massive southern oil fields. have been auctioned off to foreign companies. many tell us, tell me if you think you become better than you think, you know why that is the whole country company coming here. china's national petroleum corporation has partnered with british giant b.p. to develop the remaining oil fields, the largest in iraq newly arrived chinese oil workers and other foreign employees meet their security details in this composite plaster airport. to a private security escort is still obligatory. and this is almost was
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the 1st city to fall in the 2003 u.s. led invasion. i came here that summit to report on angry protests that have broken out against the lack of electricity. today there isn't much improvement in the basic services people were protesting for 9 years ago. rest still suffers power cuts. unemployment also is widespread here. almost a quarter of people under 30 don't have jobs. and new money flowing in the cost of living is rising fast. oh, my god, i want to do nothing of the place. elissa community in the budget for 9 years. union leader
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has fought to keep iraq's oil wealth flowing to iraqis. not just the foreign companies. iraq's deputy prime minister for energy says that the deals the government has signed with foreign investors, are reaping rewards. we have already increase our production to $3000000.00 barrels per day. and during this it will add another half a 1000000 or more about a president. so the progress is there, but despite record outputs of this frustration, the company's developing the fields, importing labor, and that there is no meaningful legislation to protect iraqi jumps. even when we are not, it isn't to be looked at. a lot of this may be affected and i think it will go, but are an end to the i'm in mind that i'm on my to come, but this is you've got to remember you have to be and that is that and that i left and i wanted to get up because saddam, he says it was the u.s.
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decision to dismantle iraq's army and national industries in the name of the both a vacation, the coolest widespread unemployment. and created a launch pool of angry men ready to take up arms from. we joined north toward men jack along the road, lined with symbols. to commemorate a battle lost and injustice done. the same a trio of want to yell solemn valley of peace surrounds the city. it is possibly the largest burial ground in the world and the final resting place to which many shia aspire. the scale of this place is to be breathtaking for 14 centuries shia from all over the world. been bringing that be buried here. it's so immense that in
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not just they say that city is call for the living hall for the dead. in 2004, the serenity of the valley of peace was violated. that spring fighters, loyal to monk, tied around the side of the son of one of iraq's most revered shia clerics for u.s. forces in baghdad and the holy cities of karbala. and here in the jack up up e.g.o.'s. yes. as i landed here, destroyed everything at the beginning of august trying to root out sand as mahdi army and take control of u.s. . marines invaded the cemetery. well, when taken into a part of the graveyard where you can actually see the destruction from the fighting that took place in 2004, this r.p.g. holes in the walls. some of these graves are completely destroyed. a member speaking to iraqis at the time who simply couldn't believe that things had to tarry to such an extent that this one of the most holy and sacred sites in all of iraq
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had turned into a battleground between the mahdi army and the americans. hundreds of monte finds his dined in the battle in a new section of the cemetery, built for sound, his followers killed in the uprisings and sectarian violence that the u.s. led occupation provoked. families comes on and their dad. let's see some ice. and no one knows how many iraqis have been killed since the invasion of them. it's range from more than 150002 over a 1000000 for years, the u.s. claims not to keep a body count but there are some 6000 graves in this cemetery. learn where the grief seems impossible to bury
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allie shock a sudden during the violence in 2004, his brother is buried here in the section reserved for those killed by u.s. forces. and these were the people, the u.s. military expected to welcome them. but they soon made enemies of people like allie and his family
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in america who has followers, listens to him, deliver some of his most incendiary against the occupation to his base in the nearby city of santa spends, much of his time in iran. and on this friday he isn't here, but the message is political populist and doesn't shy away from criticizing the government in baghdad. well, there is. yeah, it was, you know, here was, there was you're here where, here you are. here for the sermon addresses,
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the deepening conflict between iraqi prime minister nouri al maliki's party and opposition blocs to his virtually paralyzed parliament. for months. was there a sheet where he was over the years, santa has cultivated the image of an independent champion of the dispossessed shia who make up his base. and he's transformed himself from a leader of a militia, into the leader of a political party, an important one on which maliki reliance to maintain power. for years saddam hussein had banned public celebrations of shia festivals and limits of the flow of iranian pilgrims to man. jack. now the pilgrims and tourists are back prompting. a booming trade in hotel developments and there are unconfirmed reports that iran is planning to spend a $1000000000.00 to refurbish the showing off the decades of being victims. the
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shia majority in iraq have emerged. the victim is a shia who now holds the top post of prime minister and commander in chief and government positions are distributed according to ethnic and sectarian quotas. the new balance of power in iraq has raised fears that iran's influence is growing both in baghdad. and here in the jaffa, ayatollah ali al sistani is the top spiritual guide for iraqi shia and the leader of the school of clerics that go on destroying the occupation. he demanded. the u.s. organized, directed actions while opposing iranian style. theocratic governance system is 81 years old. and there are reports that iran is campaigning to have one of their are it's one of succeed him in iraq. these days regional ambitions run like
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undercurrents reshaping the country. but over the past 9 years, political violence has literally refashioned the landscape. i haven't been back to back that in about 5 years, my only just entering the city. but immediately the 1st thing this strikes you see drive in is one thing that's really changed. the schools baghdad is battle scarred and sectioned off by blast walls that were raised 1st around government ministries and military bases. then around hotels filled with foreigners. and then the sectarian attacks escalated around neighborhoods. the city was reconfigured, is, iraqis fled mixed areas for the relative safety of religious and ethnic lee homogenously enclaves harboring the wounds and stories of the bloodshed, the occupation on least many remain there, protected by concrete walls, checkpoints, and each other more than 1300000,
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people across iraq still displaced and in baghdad, almost half a 1000000 remain in camps like this one on the edge of the shia neighborhood of cademy said to the last one, another abu said john's family was living in town near a sunni neighborhood, north of baghdad, where resistance to the occupation was famous, al qaeda also found a home that as it chased others out when the family fled, they left everything behind in school to tell you. and although they live in constant fear of eviction, they say they can't return to tommy. cool. and that, yeah, yeah, i know that is that he had to step out a, i don't, i saw, but i saw
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a bunch of us up, but then i had a look that as an adult. and what about when he was done, but i fucked it up like i did with us in the sunni neighborhood of gasoline, where they came to escape threats from the mahdi army in 2695 and a mother in law, a struggling to can for their household, including his 2 kids like almost one in 10 women in iraq. they all widows. and his husband. hussein was killed by u.s. forces during a raid on the markets in 2005. she had just learned she was pregnant with their 2nd child and don't want to men who are not going to have time to yesod. mom will talk to her about the toss of her daughter, the mother to the dying of the thought of how to take the bad out of what are you
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going to put on a log or to have to be home by 7 am on cyber. do you have a go money? 2 years later as many as 2nd son nuri was killed in a militia attack, the family lost another breadwinner. and bureaucracy has made it difficult for them to get the support payment. the government extends to widows or so there is a reference to the no hung up damayan not shown on the show. must have been somebody somehow know how cool modern moment is that young. my parents want to hear not i don't yet have your mom and i believe them to go now. and i'm not sure that's like a suburb of the day that was best suited to another. that was this out of the other stuff that had what they wanted as a little song, but i wanted to turn on the hand. yeah. i know some one in ma that i know i have a photo message you home on national. it's a phone,
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you remain honest and then would you approach it in the most common would shout about how to we could help and i saw maybe her last spent 7 months seen u.s. custody at abu ghraib prison. and more than a year and a half in the u.s. run detention camps, he has testified to us military investigators, that abu ghraib, he was stripped and paraded naked with a sack over his head, dressed in women's underwear, cuffed and hung from a window frame for hours when he asked to pray and beaten into unconsciousness. did the been there, herman? how many did it?
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i had them and i didn't get the money. he says it was part of u.s. interrogators strategy is they trying to quell resistance that the u.s. terms terrorism or detaining people across the country? especially those from sunni areas. as much you know, over the past year, human rights groups have reported that iraqi government security forces have conducted sweeps preemptively arresting hundreds of people, detaining, and sometimes torturing them in secret prisons inside the international zone. some of the same people who were detained by the americans and were accused of being terrorists then many live in sunni areas in and around baghdad, from where armed groups still orchestrate attacks. the government says there are no
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secret prisons. i could say that there is no secret detention so we will come now. he will not arise for amnesty organization and united nation organization to come and check and to find out whether there is a secret detention center and at the top . but the arrests have fueled the perception in communities like this one that the government is targeting them. much like u.s. forces used to come for friday prayer in. and amir, a sunni neighborhood that for many years was an important center of anti occupation resistance. getting here hasn't been easy. we currently being stopped from getting access to the main mosque anatomy or a police checkpoint further down the street, our soldiers through our security guards. carney negotiating with them to get approval for something we already have approval to do. and when prayers are over,
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no one here is willing to speak to us. people here are definitely scared to speak on camera. they're saying that if they talk to us, they think they'll be arrested down the line. and we've now been told that we're not allowed to film anywhere outside the compound around the main mosque. the guards have taken down the details of our security guards and said that if we go outside that gates and stop filming, we'll be arrested. the deputy prime minister tells us that the fear we felt in and amir is warranted. he receives frequent reports that those arrested face extortion by security forces. when that again, to go to the trial, they have to pay money in order to work through the trial. otherwise, the know they would then use the sunni deputy prime minister would temporarily suspended shortly after u.s. troops withdrew in december and off that he called prime minister maliki, a dictator by 11. 1,
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especially when it was restored sectarianism. but there are many political parties that exist. there were elections held here, there are ministries controlled by different ministers, and this isn't a dictatorship. who is it? and they're going to minister over defense, or is that i think of the minister of interior of intelligence, who is the department this country next destination is the only city in iraq where victory celebrations were held. as the last u.s. soldier left the country, protested the u.s. military presence in their city from the beginning of the occupation. and when the mutilated bodies of 4 american contractors was strung on this bridge across the euphrates, in 2004, fate was sealed. what followed with 2 of the largest assaults of the entire war
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with the u.s. marines using devastating firepower to bombard the city into submission. the bloody campaigns had a profound effect on the residents of fallujah. and you guys could be sure that needs to be only i should have been a little bit. you know, i don't like being told that these graves are actually for people who are still dying as a result of the fighting that happened back in 2004. these are the graves of babies who died having birth defects and other diseases. 9 year old cannot speak, eat all, walk on his own. his 2 younger siblings are buried in what flew junes called martyrs cemetery. to die, i'm going to do rather hard to hit you and all of us are going to
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join us and know what i said was done at the show when he was born just months after the u.s. led invasion seemed healthy. but after the siege of 2004, doctors diagnosed him with brain atrophy. there's no question in his father's mind as to the cause. and what i know, i don't want to hear how many parents dread the future that lies ahead for him here in fallujah. as a 2nd wave of covert, 19 brings us surgeon infections a few months ago. there were dozens of cases a day. now, if we chose 2000 and countries in force, new measures to curb contagion, this is the 1st step forward for the government,
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a in of mass testing the entire population. scientists are on the brink of releasing new vaccines to reduce the spread of the virus. will it be enough to bring the global health crisis to an end? the coronavirus pandemic, special coverage on a jazeera and outspoken rights are killed in a car bomb outside his. they return home in 2005, accusations, speculation, and denials. al-jazeera was tops the life and vine and death of simeon casi, a journalist with the academic and political activist. samantha cutscene killing of a journalist on al-jazeera, one half scottish, and half lebanese. so diversity is really important to me and al-jazeera is the most diverse place i have ever worked. we have so many different nationalities, and this is in these books together in this one news organization. and this
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diversity of perspective is reflected in our coverage, giving a more accurate representation of the world we report on. and that's a key strength of al-jazeera romania's, ancient forests. some of europe's most pristine. they are crucial for our society. a crucial fall battle against the climate crisis, but illegal logging by a ruthless timber mafia is destroying both the landscape and people's lives. being in the main, there is all water there are violence killing with the goals, amidst claims of corruption and the role of powerful multinationals. people in power investigates, rumania, break of the forest on al-jazeera we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world. so no matter how to seek it out is iraq will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you. al-jazeera
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to hello, i'm ari on the laws in london. the headlines now, if you have his prime minister has issued a 72 hour ultimatum to forces in the dissident region of to cry. it says the to grab people's liberation front has 3 days to surrender, or brace for an all out assault on the regional capital mcalary. the reuters news agency reports that to grind forces have destroyed roads and bridges to slow down the government offensive. civilians have been told to get out while they still can . in our other headlines, the united states is hoping to begin a sweeping program of vaccinations against the coronavirus. next month, the head of the white house vaccine task force says it plans to vaccinate
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$20000000.00 people before the end of the year. 2 vaccines up for approval in early december. both said to be 95 percent effective. our plan is to be able to ship vaccines to the immunization sites within 24 hours from the approval. so i would expect maybe on day 2, after approval on the 11th or on the 12th of december, hopefully the 1st people to be immunized across the united states across all states . in all the areas where this, the state department of health will have to told us where to deliver the vaccine. g. 20 leaders have promised to spend 0 effort in making sure coronavirus vaccine to distribute it fairly around the world. but in concluding their virtual summit hosted by saudi arabia, they gave few specifics on exactly how this would be guaranteed. discussions also focused on helping poor nations to recover from the economic damage inflicted by
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the pandemic. polls of close in bikini election, a vote mob by violence and allegations of voter fraud. president mark christian cobra is seeking a 2nd 5 year term in office. hundreds of thousands of people have been unable to vote at some polling stations in the north and east in close because of fears of attacks. and in pakistan, opposition parties. there have been holding major rallies to call on the prime minister imran khan to step down. they accuse the military of rigging the election that khan won 2 years ago, rallies went ahead despite a government panel, public gatherings to curb rising cases of the coronavirus. more on that story and everything else in the news hour that's coming up at 2100 g.m.t. in about 30 minutes. in the neonatal ward of general hospital, dr. samir,
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a lonnie has grown used to seeing babies born with cancers and congenital malformation, but has no one time to missing. same jasim is 24 days old. during the siege, in 2004, a mother said he was living in a village on flute as outskirts as los angeles have more serious cases. like many residents of fallujah, dr. allen, he fled the worst of the fighting in 2004. when she returned, she and her colleagues were immersed in treating the injuries and trauma in its wake. then they started seeing a new crisis and the exodus of but they think not as a way to see before we are facing this effects. nearly they now she documents every case she sees. she has hundreds of pictures and video clips saved on her laptop of newborns with cleft palates. 'd deformed limbs,
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cancers in launched and atrophied brains, going to have the, at the top of the list of a lot of defects. have many, many cases of that since the misshapen hearts are harder to detect. and those babies are often miscarried, stillborn, or die shortly after birth. in a year long survey lonny conducted at the hospital, she found $147.00 incidents of congenital malformation per $1000.00 births. about 5 times the international norm. and in another study, she and her colleagues found higher than normal levels of enriched uranium and mercury in the hair of parents of children born with congenital malformation and cancers. how do you explain that something happened? as you know, your opinion was not present in the kids toys and snorts. we didn't buy it
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by from the shops that something happened and the city where everybody knows what happened in the theater. actually, we need more investigations. we need, our d.n.a. has to be examined. our chromosomes have to be examined. and you know, what happened in japan after hiroshima? what happened here is after that study by study, lonnie is trying to confirm beyond a shadow of a doubt. what people in fallujah convinced is true that there's a causal link between the weapons used by u.s. forces. in 2004. the amounts of uranium in their bodies and the alarming rise in numbers of sick and malformed children here my personal experience, although i don't want to talk about it, it is so harmful. but one of my brothers have lost 2 kids because of
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i know he's here after 82012011, after the us assault on fallujah, many of the foreign fighters fled north and set up camp in the city of mosul. or used to live there until al kind of linked groups moved in while the violence has dropped significantly from its peak in 2006. civilian casualty rates across iraq are on the rise again. since i left in 2004, mosul has been under siege from car bombings and assassinations of government officials, governor, i feel only jay feels pre-disaster was killed in one of those attacks. people, while he blames the americans for moses plight. and he says it's taking on new dimensions that american met, sellable, mystic in the uk. not just to what our car had done to fight here. but also
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in here how tall govern iraq leave iraq. but they give iraq to iran and iraq like this. if not, the americans here knew jeffie says his forces have made great strides to rid his city of al qaeda. i thought than the need him in the ship when the men knew how would any a show and mahalo of middle class always applied to it was a wonder what's up a notice on that all day. but with armed police, a school took us to our next destination. it's clear, the fear still remains. most all streets are air really quiet. and this is a sense that the violence for which the city is notorious is never far away. the family i'm about to meet, protected me from that violence,
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and this is the 1st time out of seamen since their youngest son and the reuters photographer, whose work is on exhibit here, was killed by u.s. soldiers. who say they want to hear what you feel when you hear that right? it's very sad still here. that's why this in doha we saw the story. ok on the reuters wire. so i called you, i think at that time and i asked you to call not be able because i couldn't get through to i think it was in syria. maybe behind me is older brother now below was in charge of the reuters operation in mosul. we used to be a team. the 3 of us traveled around together reporting on the growing insurgency time in mosul, streets into
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a bloodbath. 2003000 farm. it's good. yeah. look like that now. and nothing like in 2000, something very difficult to believe that the amazon and just when it was starting to happen. yeah, exactly. when i think, yeah, you save me your hand as the situation deteriorated to me and was moved from mosul. but he continued to document life and occupation and the violence that had unleashed much more of the sort of that he was not behind the me and the 30th of the airlock. and just knocked out somewhat. john, who just
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came for the sword in the me, that's about that within 3 years, me and was killed by u.s. forces in baghdad. his death captured forever on video shot by the us military. and eventually leaked to the public by wiki leaks. and then started running like a fire when you know more than 10 years ago in america
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100 b. had less than an hour's drive from the notion of iraq as one fabric is now disintegrating. the prospect of kurdish autonomy has been a fault line cutting across the north. but when i was based here, still at least looked like the same country. now it looks like a different planet, and that seems to be the master plan of the kind of massive foreign investments and regeneration and infrastructure projects transforming the way the cities look. kurdish leaders establish their own regional governments. 20 u.s. sponsored no fly phone was set up off of the gulf war and they welcomed u.s. forces during the 2003 invasion. in the years that followed, washington lavished political and financial support when kurdish leaders billing
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the region as tomorrow's iraq. today, an example of how a liberated iraq could look. so if there's one place where the u.s. can be proud of its legacy in iraq, it should be here. and on the surface, at least the future seems brighter than ever. it's a bit surreal to see the architecture transformed and major international chains selling goods at western prices. and it doesn't entirely make sense. most iraqi kurds own only around $400.00 a month. these malls are full of people, but it seems like those actually doing the shopping on cards from this region. it's iraq hours from the bank, the rest of the country, tourists who come in tacky, and even iran influence may be expanding in the south. turkey's footprint here is growing by the day 30 rock has become turkey's 2nd largest trading partner. most of that trade is with the kurdish region off the
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years of animosity economic potential seems to have won out over turkey's antagonism toward iraqi kurds and their dream of independence. and the kurds appear to have found a new patron from constructing the roads to rebuilding the souk signs of the deepening ties are everywhere. the turkish company building on this site has some of the biggest contracts with the municipal authorities. but 90 percent of the work is here from turkey. so not everyone is feeling the benefits of those boom among them. if not, then it should be i
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knew that because i have always been strong supporters of their own political leaders in the struggle for self the time a nation that they have represented when i was here 5 years ago, i never used to hear the levels of frustration with the kind of leadership that we're hearing now and as we travel from bill to so many of discontent becomes even louder than all of the families who've been living in this building have been told they have to leave. the government is making a move to the city limits so that this area can be redeveloped. they say they don't have the means to build homes that i've had it
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was you what? yeah, she, she, what, i must not be much faster. but a funny little going to get along with the song. and you know, there's a growing perception that the money flowing into the region is ending up in the pockets of a small business class. all of them politicians and party men a year and a half ago frustration here when so many boiled over, it was february 2011 and inspired by peoples uprisings in tunis here in egypt. kurdish activists took to the streets against government, corruption, and repression. launching a protest of thousands the last in 63 days. and
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that's a really good question. that on the 1st day, government security forces opened fire on demonstrators who had surrounded political party offices and were throwing stones. dozens were wounded. one man was shot dead. over the next 2 months, government forces killed at least 9 more protesters. among them zahir mahmood a man's 14 year old son. so you can you can do so many good shade. but the kurds have other worries. tensions with the central government are escalating. kurdish leaders have been signing development contracts with foreign oil companies asserting. it's their right to do what they please with resources in
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their territory. baghdad says that's just not true. the k r g. this is a kiddish regional government feel that they have the right to negotiate and decide on the oil that has located in the region. they feel they have the right to sell his contacts and this is what their real disagreement lies. with a u.s. ally is gone, iraqi kurds have feeling less secure than when thousands took to the streets a year and a half ago, demanding democratic reforms. shut it you know, you want to do or how we are, get them at that moment about woman on the set. i'm gonna tell you this was, you know, as that yeah. you know towards that. yeah. they can, but there's a myriad good, you know,
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we're up to is here now as kurdish leaders define bank bad and brokered deals for oil pipelines with turkey. it seems they're betting that this new alliance will protect them, even if it cost them the promise of an independent kurdistan democratic and they had a milan kartika. could you know it? when you saw me shift for the company could just stand up, we could topple saddam to 20 with him with a quick, quick to go on when i've been through this. and then you see if there's one man who appeared to moises claims that iraq is in danger of sliding back into office or tearing rule its fugitive, vice president tyrant called me the day after u.s. troops left the country in december. prime minister maliki issued an arrest warrant for iraq's most senior sunni politician. accused of financing death,
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squads targeting shia. he fled to the kurdish north to escape arrest cities such as this. we caught up with him shortly before he left the country for turkey. my kids, his straightforward, sectarian politically motivated in no way could this be engaged in any sort of violence. hashimi says that his security guards have been detained and tortured into making false confessions against them. members of his entourage show us photos they say, or of one who died in custody. his body appears to show signs of torture, and this is by their religion. a process has to be respected and if believes he is innocent, he should go to the court and prove that in a sense he cannot fled the country or said somewhat. and the start of trying to politicize the issue of the drama is the most visible manifestation of
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a political crisis that threatens further fragmentation and iraq's read a sentence of violent conflict that we don't have democracy in this country is a fake and is moving towards a situation as again and a sectarian way throughout our journey across the country from bands wrote to a bill financial after baghdad and mosul post occupation landscapes have buried every city unique. every stretch of road, another distinct piece of iraq. but in each place, the people we've met have voiced, similar things, impatience at the lack of basic services and jobs, anger, political corruption,
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distrust of the regional powers that seem to have more influence over their destinies. the naidu, the lingering bitterness about what invasion and 9 years of u.s. presence here has created that legacy for nearly everyone that we've met, can be summed up in a single word fear of the prime minister and his grip on power of government security forces in the armed groups of sectarian politics and regional power struggles fear that the ghosts of the past will never stop until the present and defrock of the crew going to continue in that way is going to be divided. and there will be a war of before a very divided and after the arrival of iraq after the americans, a powerful and moving film which is made yet more poignant by the fact that the
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terrible events following the rise of ifo had yet to happen. we're going to talk about those issues now with found as there is middle east correspondent, mark callan, just back from baghdad himself. maybe you can just give us a rundown of, well those last 5 years, basically since the end of that film, and i still comes along, well that's, i think, to really explain it that we have to go back slightly further to 20067 and 8 when iraq was a breaking point, it was a new civil war between the sunnis and the shias. and also there was in iraq at the time now al qaida in iraq were able to form because a lot of anger towards the shia led government within baghdad itself. but it was really the precursor to everything that we've seen since then. now al qaeda in iraq were defeated by sunni tribal militias. the 2nd was the awakening councils supported by the americans. now when the sunni tribal militias got rid of al qaida in the rocket, they were promised all sorts of things by the shia led government in baghdad. and
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you fast forward out 2012 and the americans leaving in iraq have been defeated. there was a, a, a group coming up at the time called the islamic state in iraq. again, another threat to iraq. and what happened was the shia led government in baghdad really completely ignored the concerns of the sunnis, particularly any province. and for years the sunnis protested saying they were promised all sorts of things, jobs within the military, civil service, things like that for defeating al qaeda in the things they were given. things are getting better. i mean that sounds like a very bleak picture, but things are getting there because prime minister howard other body is pushing forward with, with reforms. but these reforms are being met with, with stiff resistance from those people who have entrenched positions. and well, let's just pause for a 2nd because i want to bring someone else into our conversation to talk a little bit more about the human cost of these last few years. joining us from beirut. all right, general who is amnesty international's advocacy director for the middle east and
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north africa. it's nice to have you with us. right in runs giving us a really good rundown of how the politics of change, i guess in the last 5 years and bringing eisel in our film, talked about 1300000, displaced people, half a 1000000 lived in just one camp. how is those numbers and situations changed? the numbers are much worse. no, amnesty international can confirm the number of i.d.p.'s in iraq is over 3000000. now there are few government has unfortunately been a part of the problem. many of these internally displaced people who are displaced because of the actions of the iraqi government. and militias affiliated with the iraqi government and their conditions be bad because of the actions of the iraqi government. many of the internally displaced people are taken through screening procedures where families are separated.
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many of them are addressed to under suspicion of collaborating or walking for isis . there are tens of thousands of iraqis who have been addressed the last few years with no due process with no access to any, mostly based on a tip from an informant or other suspicions. so there are from government is definitely a part of the problem. in many cases, it is the reason behind the problem and reconstruction effort that was promised has not even started in many cases. tell me about outside influence. and i'll also ask you about this after we heard from the raid, i'm specifically talking about iran. amnesty has not commented on the politics of what's going on in iraq. this in 3 to 4 months or a mandate. i mean, i can say from, from
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a person and point of view that many of iraq's neighbors have been interfering in iraq's domestic politics and different levels. iran, for example, has a lot of leverage and water all over iraq. you put it, the iraqi militias. some of the militias seem to be there after the or even controlled the by ron. so it's one of the countries that has been involved very heavy in iraq's domestic issues. i do think the iranian influence is absolutely key. also turkey, you know, and we're looking, you know, saudi arabia as well. they're opening an embassy again, which they haven't done since 1901. so these are all people that have something to play for within iraq and the influence is all but what ride was saying is very, very important. what you saying earlier about the sunnis and about the people who
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for feisal or not as the case may be being separated from their families. that will lead to a lot of anger. why i'm very concerned about the future of iraq. is those people who are absolutely angry at this government won't again be given what they were promised. they'll go back to their homes, they'll be abandoned. and that's what led to ice and coming into existence in iraq in the 1st place that some need anger. so the next fight may well come from the very people right was just mentioned in beirut. thank you so much for your time and your thoughts in iran can as well with us here in studio. thank you. and that is it from us to join us again the next weekend. check out the rewind page at al-jazeera dot com for more films from the series. i'm come off santa maria, thanks for joining us. and see you again, sir. hello
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once again, big temperature swings and quite big storms as well as the latest cold front is on its way through south australia some storms right up to the northwest where the rains are showing themselves to court promising. so adelaide drops 10 degrees at $24.00 melbourne about the same, but 20 it's going to be a rather different day. on monday the sun should be at this. storm's running through a city the eastern side, the victoria and new south wales with a real circulation in the tasman heading towards new zealand. at the same time, been nice and warm in person is given you 35 degrees on monday. on tuesday is 33. little difference, really. very slow warming trend though for melbourne. adelaide at 25,
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at least in adelaide because you got rain for the north island of new zealand winters tucked in though for east asia, all of northern china, the korean peninsula, and some parts. particular carter of japan have felt winter to particularly good in the northeast of china. that if lost or close. good, beautiful winterreise in the moment. for most of these rather dirty cracky, the same is true in beijing. the clouds increasing 7 degrees here, who had overcast as spots are right now bald. not. beijing shows a trend to stay level until thursday, when temperatures drop again. and winter makes another bite. invitation to bear witness to that life office. the hardest, the nose,, v.m.c. and every day, miracle. witness on al-jazeera. a
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diverse range of stories from across the globe. from the perspective of our networks, journalists on al-jazeera. al-jazeera hello, i'm watching the news hour live from london coming up in the next 60 minutes. if the o.p.'s government says to grind, forces have 72 hours to surrender, as soldiers get ready to surround the regional capital mccalla a life saving development in the u.s. battle against the coronavirus immunization could begin early next month. a pledge by the world's richest nations to the world's poorest.

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