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tv   Rewind Dirty Little Secrets  Al Jazeera  December 13, 2020 11:00pm-12:01am +03

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i'm also reading people in power investigates western 3 contested space on al-jazeera. if you want to help save the world. these are your own. hello i'm in london our main story this hour the u.s. is racing to deliver its 1st shipments of the pfizer biotech over 1000 vaccine watching the country's largest ever immunization effort operation what speed officials are hoping to immunize 40000000 people this month and as many as 100000000 by the end of march but is the virus continues to spread the country is seeing a new spike in cases some 2 weeks after the thanksgiving holiday meanwhile in europe italy has overtaken the u.k. to become the country with the most coronavirus related deaths are forcing another 484 deaths germany is imposing
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a stricter lockdown as well to the rising number of cases and deaths there in our other headlines the leaders of the european union and united kingdom say trade talks will continue despite passing a self-imposed deadline with no sign of a deal if the 2 sides can't reach an agreement by the end of the transition period which is december 31st the end of this month there will be border checks in terris for goods traveling between the u.k. and e.u. john hall has more. high drama and 11th hour brinkmanship north for the 1st time in the 4 and a half year breakup between the u.k. and the you are negotiation teams have been working day and night over recent days and despite the exhaustion after almost one geo if we go shea sions and despite the fact that deadlines have been missed over and over we both think that it is responsible at this point in time to go the extra mile did the fact that
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the 2 sides hadn't called a halt to trade negotiations as some had expected mean that progress was being made you know what was going that far but i do think as i say there is a deal to be done if our partners want to do it but we remain very far apart on these key issues and you know what they are u.k. can't be locked into the a use regular treat or bit and we've obviously got to take back control of our fisheries full of years after people voted for it no deadlines been set for this latest extension of talks frankly there's been so many deadlines made and missed that no one would believe it anyway the only hard date now is the 1st of january by which time these 2 giant trade partners will have separated for good deal or no deal britain intent on protecting its sovereignty the e.u. looking after the interests of its single market. it is
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a nail biting time particularly for businesses who world trade organization rules in a no deal scenario would mean tariffs and quotas raising the cost of imports and exports with implications for some sectors that may struggle to survive the amount of tax like if it's like some tax on some cheese you know it. will the people are still going to be afford it and specially after kovi. you can tell like to reach off to the rich and the poor even more poor so. we don't know how it's going to be you know boris johnson's government is adamant britain will flourish even without a deal no world it says should worry but plenty do don't know how al-jazeera london . 2 days after gunmen raided a school in northwest nigeria hundreds of parents are still waiting to find out what's happened to their son's families desperate for news of converged on the school in katsina state a government spokesman told the reuters news agency that $321.00 students are still
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missing but it's not clear if they've all been abducted or some have gone home to other parts of the country supporters of pakistan's opposition parties have defied coronavirus restrictions to protest in lahore and demand the resignation of the prime minister imran khan accuse him of mishandling the pandemic branding him incompetent and saying the elections in 2018 women it killed by the military and police have scuffled with protesters in the polish capital warsaw as thousands of people marched against the right wing government as widespread anger at policies including an almost total ban on abortions which was approved by the constitutional court in october. rewind dirty little secrets is next looking at claims that the u.s. used bio weapons during the korean war i'll see about later.
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hello and welcome to rewind i'm richelle carey since we launched al-jazeera english back in 2006 our library of award winning documentaries has been growing year by year so here on rewind we decided to revisit some of the most important of those stories once again today we're rewinding to 2010 and north korea for the past several months or korea's deteriorating relations with the u.s. and the administration and donald trump in particular have threatened to plunge the
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world into the darkness of a nuclear war earth korea's increasing military buildup and testing of missiles now presents an apparent threat to japan and beyond across the pacific as far as the united states president trumps belligerent response it even included the threat of overwhelming military action john yang's rhetoric is equally bellicose and though the regime claims that it needs a nuclear strike capability to deter the threat of u.s. aggression there is history here as well there are north korean still living who have personal experience of american bombing during the korean war nearly 70 years ago back in 2010 people in power travel to north korea to investigate claims that some of those bombs contained not high explosive but biological weapons insects deliberately infected with deadly diseases it's a claim that the u.s. is on. always deny that filmmaker 10 take had unique access to this extraordinary story traveling deep inside the country to talk to men who claim to be survivors
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and attack an american says never happened here starting little secrets. almost 60 years ago this peaceful lake was the scene of either a terrible crime. or a cynical hoax. each of these old men is either a witness to that crime or a participant in that hoax. what happened or never happened here in 952 is the key to one of the most intractable international disputes today. the korean war was the 1st armed confrontation of the cold. in 146 the united states unilaterally divided korea along the 38th parallel.
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when in 1950 north korean forces backed by the army of communist china crossed the border to unify the country america persuaded the united nations to support military action against what washington saw as the global threat of international conflict. the fact that communist workers have invaded korea is a warning that there may be similar acts of aggression in other parts of the word. over the next 3 bloody areas an estimated $2000000.00 soldiers died when may. at least 2000000 civilians were killed or wounded and millions more were made homeless. but early in 1952 north korea. claimed that villages throughout the country was suffering unprecedented outbreaks of bubonic plague anthrax and typhus. it accused the united
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states of bacteriological warfare dropping germ bombs containing insects shellfish and feathers infected with plague as well as anthrax and color. america angrily denied the claim. was just released films lay bare the shocking truth behind communist charges of germ warfare in korea and ever since the germ warfare allegations have been dismissed as communist propaganda from an isolationist rogue state it was broadcast by the communist propaganda machine throughout the world. today north korea is the most impenetrable state on the planet. yes over the past 20 years professor morey musser taka a leading japanese academic has gradually won the confidence of peon young secretive rulers. like a healthy boy i don't condone violence. shows how was i not only
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saigon orders and president of that all of us so they must. now mari has persuaded p.r. nyang to allow our cameras to follow him through his latest visit it is an unprecedented step foreign journalists are routinely banned from entering north korea we will be working under strict control told where and what we can film and accompanied by government officials at all times. yet we will also be taken deep into the heart of this most hidden country to meet men who claim to have witnessed america's use of germ warfare 1st hand. in the center of pyongyang the korean army maintains
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a vast museum dedicated to documenting its version of the war with america. inside professor morey examines a room given over to watch north korea claims to be direct evidence of germ warfare by the united states including specimen jars filled with flies mosquitoes and fleas all allegedly infected with deadly pathogens is it the has what the disease typhoid cause there are pest like this a heavy disease is injects like a small boy says into the insects and the thoughts inside lead to small drops into the evidence it's not. according to north korea american pilots dropped specially adapted bombs these carried no explosives but split open to release the infected insects which would then pass on the diseases to the local population so this is to joan jones promise it is i'd like to speak bombs they put some insects. i mean
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there's 34 kinds of insects. 'd in a separate projection room mari is given a private screening of what north korea claims is new skill shot in 1952. the footage appears to show masses of insects crawling on snow covered ground beside the bomb casings a highly unusual phenomenon. and also logic in you. can children that doesn't even know any. and all sounds i think that i didn't notice and. i don't know. but i could have any do you think i want out you know the rest of us but humans from which country were these insects were dropped by american
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pilots or placed here by north korean propagandists. is this evidence of a war crime or is america claim is merely crude propaganda you don't even want you to meet. him and so they call it common density care or cut out a machine will kill me i wish to us going in show he'll miss things that are serving us 2nd i know. god has let the national. committees and commissions that you know. some of his in a campaign that new sewing room are sending the hoga here to quit start their. cause had attained to your discharge. the. dawn of a pyongyang. at 7
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am government sirens wake the city summoning its people to begin a new day's work. mori master tucker is leaving pyongyang and heading out into north korea's rural hinterland in search of people who claim to have witnessed and survived germ warfare. but the very nature of this country means that he is completely reliant on the p.r. nyang government to provide his transport and to put forward his interviewees. on the outskirts of. a village 45 kilometers east of pyongyang 2 elderly farmers are waiting to meet him. you can chan been an toxic loss their fathers during the
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war both claim that an american plane dropped a german bomb close to the village. you know new york. has been pretty sad over you must call it global q you. need to bully. has another. bore hole in the. road any imbue mindreader going to. you now in you. mind you're making very probably 27 tomorrow night. with your mate during the war captured american pilots made filmed confessions in which they admitted dropping bombs filled with infected insects on north korean villages might
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never be green. i mean not many but not. on the trainability of it. didn't see any order on their own. the new york magazine or your. kid i mean month old girl came in he. saw me. crying the kid didn't see them and now you. are close to being there when i'm older and they could do. what you were a prosecutor and i'm going. i have eyes in the arm of. i'm going to do what is in the. it's here getting a. new human that i hear in monotone that i thought you knew me
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as a sunni and you won't come it's often that i'm the 2nd guy in kind of one goalie i live in the one i want to put in to pay your money to walk there and. i guess you might say oh i want to. go ahead and do it was told. in their film to confessions the american air force officers expressed apparently genuine remorse for their actions how can i go back and take my family and them alive or. i cannot help me think that i am a criminal and i love you man. but when they returned home at the end of the war they all retracted their confessions. so where does the truth lie for professor mori at least the north korean witnesses are the more convincing there. was. no damage in
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a code of medicine that is gonna. kokanee is own static kill any time of the. night but this is also when economists. yeah i believe i'm a judge in sox terminal kinetic and you talk to sawgrass and it over to him not in any court. mores mission is taking him deeper into north korea's a rural hinterland and into the areas most heavily bombed during the war. over here matter and village in the east of the country he meets shake young stock in $152.00 he was in his final year at school how. can we get to that in the whole building moved on from hong kong you knew reasonable water.
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temp then going a little too but you got a kick. outta me with that but now there's a. pod jonathan. came yamani to the needs of the road in a death a contender i can not again. in march 952 this peaceful rural area was heavily bombed by the u.s. air force. by then the war ground to a stalemate and. american military chiefs had already dropped thousands of tons of napalm and were considering a nuclear strike. but the people of maton village claimed to have been the victims of a very different weapon my own. he
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go below could have me he told me he would me you. think. you could put in there. who would make you could look in servants he'd. come here whom you would and then there. would be wooers haven't they so. you didn't book me can you tell me you don't have will do anything i can do i will you to get in there. nunc or. if you get there. content then don't know what i know or can i do this. syndrome she said she. according to the villages within days many of them fell sick and began to die the symptoms apparently consistent with bubonic plague a disease with no recent history in korea. they're already killing your own one.
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also one of the people who eat a lot. more to 100 more normal for parking hubris and humans who can determine what part of what i thought would hold on i'm not sure how delightful. well. i'm going to law. goes all. the time to work through. who want to rule we're not talking about right awful. special car to crush a lot. of rubbish. that they be or can just sign me so i can send here yet they still are. playing music on the playground with us no. no no no no no it's not up. so you sure we're going to put you on with us now that.
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but the caller said dissatisfied he isn't. but mari knows that testimony from north korean citizens will not be enough to convince a skeptical world that the united states used germ warfare in korea says your highest so i just saying you know choice are a honey he i gained in it in. he joined. us. in fact within months of the allegations being made the north koreans did invite an international commission to visit the country. composed of scientists from france italy sweden the soviet union and brazil and led by a distinguished if left leaning british embryologist it toward the affected areas interviewed the sick and the dying and carried out a detailed analysis of their infections. the commission's $600.00 page report included results of post-mortems on the victims these identified plague typhoid
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cholera and anthrax. it concluded the germ warfare had been deployed exactly as the north koreans claimed but despite its wealth of scientific evidence it was dismissed by america as communist this information. moment excellent us and i knew i got used and as you know i had. no. dice in that this person. the. whole are talking to what are you doing. today at the 38th parallel korea remains divided north and south korea remain technically at war every hour of every day the border guards square up to each other across the symbolic dividing
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line under the constant gaze of american forces. but because search for information about biological warfare in korea will take him far away from this disputed border. carbon northeastern china. in the 1930 s. and 1940 s. japan occupied this part of china. inside these brick buildings a division of the imperial japanese army unit 731 carried out grotesque human experiments as a result japan became the 1st country ever to perfect the technology of biological warfare. agents in this. situation and. the.
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fading. color to mean. the trash the japanese experiments exposed to the living. victims insects or shellfish infected with plague anthrax and cholera while weapons experts created unique bombs to deliver these pathogens to their target during world war 2 japan dropped thousands of these bombs throughout northern china infecting towns and villages with plague cholera anthrax and tie for you. see there filling up often lead. to. such a woman the powerful that they don't unit 731 was run by japanese scientists and
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led by general sharon. despite clear evidence that unit 731 used biological warfare on such an industrial scale after the war now the shira she nor the leaders of his germ weapons team was ever prosecuted for war crimes in their forty's they are what they. say you'll see on the air. doing. this on all that. we are called cotton ball where a dollar bill keys are for. me and they end all hurt all weather for so. the techniques and the germs used by unit 731 match exactly the details of north korea's claims of american biological warfare and today chinese officials at least a convinced that there was a link between the 2 may be your wording and there was. show
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you all the details. yet the un would aid that should. just. for professor mahdi the narrative he has heard amid the ruins of unit 731 is deeply shocked. i can deny it all those nails or they can i you know or she should or innocent young innocent japan khaleda doing a snare. on interest there. by . some your kindness had some english continuous. but i see. no. nonsense and i know from. some of them one of. the says ones i saw last fall it's not the particle to knuckle their knee so no it's another thing. how
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could he she escaped justice did america really use his pioneering technology to wage biological warfare in korea. or were the convincingly detailed confessions of american air force pilots actually extract it under communist pressure. the truth may lie in another country thousands of miles from here. an invitation to bear witness to all that life office. the heidi's the learner's the trials and tribulations the unseen lives and the everyday miracles the injustices little finds the tests of character and the closeness they 2 weeks witness documentaries with
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a delicate touch on al-jazeera. i was raised in france. these are my grandparents. these are my parents and this is mean. by them both isis and the us of. the 1st of a 2 part epic tale of a remarkable simony. the father the son and the jihad part one on al-jazeera the latest news while not all of those this plays out wouldn't it be a fact others recount they say that there is they heard from family members and relatives for an up to make them come here rather than think that detail coverage challenge the government faces is aware that it can persuade people to keep abiding by restrictions when they need to work the defense from around the world the so-called swedish model might be under some pressure but
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a full lockdown is unlikely and perhaps even impossible. hello i maryam namazie quick look at the headlines now the u.s. is racing to deliver its 1st shipments of the pfizer biotech over 1000 vaccine launching the country's largest ever immunization effort operation warp speed officials i've been to any nice some 40000000 people this month and as many as 100000000 by the end of march but the virus is continuing to spread with cases rapidly rising 2 weeks after the thanksgiving holiday italy has overtaken the u.k. to become the country with the most corona virus related deaths in europe after reporting another $484.00 deaths meanwhile germany is imposing a strict a lockdown to curb the rising number of cases and fatalities there. and our other
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headlines you came in negotiators a failed to reach a deal on what was supposed to be the final day of trade talks but leaders say negotiations are going to carry on beyond that self-imposed deadline in the hope of finding a last minute agreement on negotiation teams have been working day and night over recent days and despite the exhaustion after almost one year of negotiations and despite the fact that deadlines have been missed over and over we both think that it is responsible at this point in time to go the extra mile and i do think as i say there is a deal to be done if our partners want to do it but we remain very far apart on these key issues and you know what they are u.k. copy looks into the use regulatory
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a bit we've obviously got to take back control of our fisheries full of years after people voted for it. 2 days after gunmen raided a school in northwest nigeria hundreds of parents still waiting to find out what's happened to their son's families a desperate for news and they've converged on the secondary school in katsina state to try and get some. government spokesman told the reuters news agency that $321.00 students are still missing but it's not clear if they've all been abducted or if they've gone to other parts of the country. and supporters of pakistan's opposition parties have defied coronavirus restrictions to protest in the city of lahore and demand the resignation of prime minister in one can accuse them of mishandling the pandemic finding him incompetent or in that news hour in about half an hour's time i see them. november 2009 and the president of the united states issues
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a stern warning to north korea over its nuclear program. north korea behaves in a provocative fashion. then. is willing to return to talks talks for a while and then leaves the talks seeking further concessions and there is never actually any progress on the core issues. while in pyongyang north korean officials insist that talk about nuclear weapons depends on resolution of the 58 year old claims that america used to biological warfare in the korean war and. be. coming on. your own egypt saudi money korb you will be. as you told you didn't dance or who were not able to when are you. would really.
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go power in which young call view. always had not and. but while professor morey's inquiries continue in north korea the search for the truth about whether america did use biological weapons there moves halfway around the world. in the u.s. national archives just outside washington d.c. 2 documents reveal a disturbing relationship between america and she is she the mastermind behind japan's biological warfare program unit 731. they show that after the war american military intelligence shielded the leaders. unit 731 from war crimes trials in return for their expertise in advancing america's then embryonic germ
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warfare plans information procured will have the greatest value in future development of the us b.w. program so we decide that we're going to trade in this sort of of deal we trade issues non-prosecution for his secrets which he smuggle out. and so the deal is made the trunks of of raw data arrive and in a sense we've sold our souls because we need to know that they were able to develop weapons that were capable of killing hundreds of thousands of people these once top secret documents reveal that to speed its program the united states paid ishi and his top germ warfare scientists handsomely for their cooperation they were assisted by direct payments payments in kind food miscellaneous gift items entertainment. from 1947 behind this security fence at fort dietrich in maryland the u.s.
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army began work to expand issues use of insects to deliver bubonic plague anthrax cholera and typhus not very far from edgewood in historic frederick maryland the biological warfare laboratory. we're working on delivery systems from plains and from nestle's and from other paratus of both fleas but primarily mosquitoes it was a very active program a well funded program a program in which we in fact were testing some of these delivery systems cloud of biological warfare agent can be generated so successful was fort dietrich in perfecting the technology of biological warfare that in the late 1951 as american forces were bogged down in korea. the u.s. joint chiefs of staff issued a top secret order to begin testing germ weapons on the battlefield largescale
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field tests should be conducted to determine the effectiveness of specific b.w. agents under operational conditions. at the time america was fighting only one warning korea if the order by the joint chiefs of staff was a bait and there was only one battlefield where biological weapons could be tested in maine and video testimony given as he was dying by a japanese technician who worked at unit 731 suggests that these trials may have been actively assisted by the original masterminds of biological warfare open a door jose's order. oh. my orders on being gunned down is go demanding that i don't. turn governors on. to his own nation.
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according to north korea america began dropping bombs filled with infected insects in january 952 near the end of the korean winter. in support it cites what it claims is contemporary newsreel footage showing scientists examining insects surrounding the remains of bombs on snow covered ground like a bomb casing from a standard leaflet bomb that was used to deliver pamphlets and that sort of information we showed this film to entomologist and biological warfare expert professor geoffrey lockwood it's really difficult to say whether there is there's there's no scale so i can't tell what. size of those insights are given that appears to be snow i would guess that of the big it could be something like stone flies crawling around on the snout but for professor lockwood the problem is not
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with the insects the bombs or the snow it's with the veracity of the film itself it has to be almost certain that what we're seeing here is a a recreate of what the koreans saw or claim to have seen the possibility of getting a camera to film crew to an area where insects at this sort of density have been dispersed in time to actually film that converges on 0 so what we're seeing is what they said they saw and this is probably is close as they can come to that does that necessarily mean that it didn't have. no it doesn't it doesn't mean that it didn't happen it's simply that this is not evidence that it did happen so this is is is i would gather this is their attempt to simulate the sorts of things that they that they saw in $152.00 united states representatives took to the floor of the united nations it is no exaggeration to say. that problem group is
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run now from the world they denounced the north korean evidence as a clumsy fake and a lie. but in doing so they told their own lies undermining the credibility of all american denials of biological warfare some of the denial was just absurd almost laughable when when for instance one particular u.s. official says we did not have any development of insight vector disease research in the united states at that time it's simply an absurd bald faced deception it's a lie working up to functions against chemical biological and radiological warfare is the responsibility of the army chemical corps were insect dropped over north. korean parts of china my sense is that there were incidents that involved. probably quite limited but very very important u.s.
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testing of biological materials and how will the issue ever be laid to rest once and for all i don't know of the issue will be later i mean our debate is with the smoking gun with with with definitive testimony from a u.s. official who was involved in the program and can say yes we did it. the key to the mystery may lie with the american at force offices who originally confessed to dropping bombs. very few are still alive today. but we tracked down one of the survivors to this peaceful senior citizens community near houston texas. kenneth enoch is 85 years old today he enjoys a comfortable retirement sharing wartime memories with his wife bob these are
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supposed to be bombs over here is that right those are bomb reserves they are and i think it says if this man is hungry give him food. but from 1950 onward left tenant kenneth enoch was another gates on u.s. air force b. 26 bombing missions over north korea all but one or 2 most of missions we threw at night our favorite target was trains we were in and i trained you know but sometimes the one would almost hit the engine. and actually if we drop net napalm on the engine you know to try and discourage them i guess it was the you could feel old napalm go off on january the 13th 95253 night bombing missions the next plane was shot down and he bailed out over north korean territory and landed and the parachute spilled and i found a corner of a rice paddy. and it was snowy there were quite
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a bit of snow on the ground and i saw a dark spot over there on the corner and so i thought well that's a good place for me to be but in less than an hour kenneth enoch was captured by north korean and chinese soldiers it was the morning at this 27th birthday they marched me down a house and i had a place to sit. and they had a guard there and they handed me a piece of paper in english. said. don't worry about it and all that was so going to send and anyway you know they don't want to trouble for a while but anyway. so i was. left in and would be held captive in north korea for the next 20 months but what happened to him and what he did during his time as a prisoner of you would prove to be one of the most bitterly disputed pieces of evidence in the allegations of american biological warfare. that.
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there. was. no. there. on april the 1st 952 kenneth you know committed detailed confession that he had taken part in a series of biological warfare missions. on film and over 8 closely written pages left hadn't he not described his biological weapons instructions. or the techniques of dropping germ bombs that they have. never read the. back of it. and the code word assigned to log them on his return 3. or more. ordinary. in all 36 american air force officers made written or filmed confessions of dropping germ
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bombs while in captivity. but when they were sent back home at the end of the war the us department of defense woman them that they could be brought before courts martial to face treason charges subsequently in response to identical questions each officer made a carefully worded retraction just released films lay bare the shocking truth behind communist charges of germ warfare in korea and the so-called confessions of captured u.s. airmen each retraction was filmed by military cameras and handed to television news reel companies with their unit it is. an authority that you have been. taking your war they're bombing the over not very good care to make a statement that guarding the. left and kenneth enoch's retraction was typical.
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movie while recording interviews were forced upon me johnny. said that due to my part they were good in my confession which was absolutely. in my confession i would now be branded by the people of the world as in fact a war criminal you describe the method you better find it. is your statement. yesterday they use both physical and mental pressure they pushed me around. did me attention for long periods. forced me to sit at attention. finally i could see that there was no alternative insanity or death they they threaten me and threaten me again that i should never leave alive if i didn't cooperate but nearly 60 years later kenny
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enoch now denies he was ill treated by his captors what imagines he's from these very brutal thoughts no no no no no. no no no. but here i lay one time they had me and i did the stay in the same place all the time and i can't recall one particular thing but. maybe maybe they wanted to move somebody else you know how whatever they do so i got transferred to another building another house not home and it was cold and the so my room wasn't quite as big but it was it was all i needed you know. but they came with because it was so cold they came with. a pot full of charcoal you know and lay it. and they put it in the room to keep me warm
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the 2nd reason flight left tenant he not gay for making his confession was mental pressure also forced to read their propaganda. make favorable comment on it that is there there are russian publications and so on on communism today once again his story changes try to let you. know if you want to be that really hurts. you know i mean. i don't think so for dockery they are kind of books or if you want to go i guess and if you bought one you didn't like you know it just over here so why then did he make such a detailed confession today he claims that it was a deliberate deception parse them before they false and anything else i could think
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of he says that he booby trapped the document giving his fellow crew members the names of american cartoon characters and there was a fellow named dick tracy dick tracy you know dick tracy over there yeah richard tracy what. you know and i was going to put a junior in there to you know what we're doing here tracy you tell us all this this . you know what they were there i wanted them to be recognizable so i got tracy and junior that would been great except that. you know you can't put too many people on one of them or its worst or it would have been a real dandy probably would have had a president from where. the difficulty with this story is that many of the dates and places detailed in kennedy knox confession have since been confirmed as accurate. the only mention of anything approaching a cartoon character is
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a passing reference to his gunnery officer sergeant tracy. and then nearly 60 years on kenneth iraq seems to make at least a partial admission that the united states did deploy bacteriological weapons 1st of all i think you have to understand what. what this. biological warfare or whatever or car is a pretty big deal and it's health what you've got specialists and evil doctor nonsense but but there's. the people who deal and they're don't have to go high and so i was very sweet deal for them you know but they said you send it when you nevertheless he still denies that he personally played any part in the affair i don't want you to know i don't think this thing or this flight you know i was just
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. a passenger. official records of bombing raids over north korea held in the u.s. national archives one way to clear up the confusion about kennedy knox confession and subsequent retraction would be to examine the flight logs for his missions over korea. but they were removed from the files by the us air force on march the 23rd 19522 months after he was captured and one week before he made his written confession and after the war the us military imposed a top secret classification on all documents relating to biological warfare in the far east. many of the flight records for korea have never been released. you. also know the date that she. is the victim of goings on in a committee someone you. wish is used to. each
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other if you use a sagebrush that they felt that. now make up and headed to the courthouse no juanita just look around. washington remembers the korean war very differently to pyongyang. the united states still on as its military men and women as heroes who fought on behalf of the free world to hold back the march of international communism. and yet when we asked both the department of defense and the state department for filmed interviews to discuss the allegations of america's biological warfare program both refused. they
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also declined to respond to 10 specific questions about north korea's claims. instead a government spokesperson issued a 2 line statement describing the allegations as baseless and the disinform ation campaign that refuses to die. of the. one thing is clear. until those allegations are laid to rest and america's innocence or culpability is established beyond doubt perhaps by an independent inquiry. one of the most enduring cold war mysteries will continue to haunt its relationship. with the world's most secretive state. dirty little secrets from 2010 a persuasive story but one that has been consistently denied by every american
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administration for more than 60 years and north korea though this story contributes to a profound suspicion of the united states and its intentions and southeast asia i'm joined now from u.k. by professor hazel smith the korea expert from london school of oriental and african studies professor thank you so much for joining us so if all of this happened with you know deadly insects biological weapons if all this happened it was more than 60 years ago but having said that is this still a very real live issue for north koreans now the truth is about the korean war is that it was a very dirty war on all sides there atrocities by the north koreans by the south koreans there were many many people killed and many many orphans and many maimed so the whole of the war still remains controversial particularly for north koreans and for south koreans because they've still got family members that have split
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since 953 once when the war ended there's been no communication between the 2 sides so the issues about alleged germ warfare a part and parcel of the discourse which takes place in north korea this is a controversial topic at the time in the 1950 s. remains controversial now this story no smoking gun evidence this to took place but it forms part of the official discourse it doesn't however form part of the day to day discussions of north koreans i lived and worked in north korea for 2 years all over the country not so different settings in farms and hospitals and. clinics and. talked to lots and lots of different people. was never raised once as an issue with me not even in passing where some other issues were raised of course things like the fact that there were so many men killed in the 1950 s.
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in the war that there were disproportionate amounts of women left alive today for a brief moment there was a slight deescalation but obviously the tension is still there how do you see things playing out on the korean peninsula well there are different objectives the north koreans want to preserve regime security which for them means both territorial defense proper vention of military intervention from the outside but also security for the current government and for those in power it saw what happened in iraq to saddam hussein and in libya to gadhafi and their argument is that if those countries had maintained nuclear weapons program or similar sorts of programs they wouldn't have been vulnerable to invasion from the united states and others although what's encouraging is with south korea north korea after all the heart of the matter on the korean peninsula at least talking to
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each other now in 2080 in a way that they haven't been for 2 or 3 years there are some diplomatic channels which will at least at this stage allow for talks on more sensitive issues but there is a long long way to go before we can see an end to these conflicts thank you professor hazel smith for joining us and that is it from us to check out the rewind page at al-jazeera dot com for more films from the series irish al carry thank you for joining us so you can answer. thank you.
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well this is becoming an interesting summer you know striving to get what's circulating off the coast near brits but not a proper storm system that's developed into a one in 100 year event for the rainfall in than a minute and a half a meter of rain inevitable flooding and it's not over yet forecast for monday is yet more rain is drifting dancer new south wales as well the onshore breeze is quite strong a lot is the most vicious part of weather in australia the moment in the northwest is now dr bruce go 32 degree for cos it's humid admittedly not that much different to perth which is warming up to about 35 tuesday but we've got the same onshore breeze spreading south as you new south wales during tuesday was big with waves of it up to 10 meters already sydney's forecast simply says breezy or windy northeast
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dying down process a was showers every day now the season of winter is certainly well dug into the station now this is snow lots of it for costa honshu in her car there has been some in the korean peninsula looking at dry picture now but really cold that's 9 degrees below average for sol minus 5 it's a daytime max it's equally cold war down nasseri central china. frank assessments you've got colleagues on the ground in the canaries what is the situation there's only one doctor and one nurse or $1.00 to $200.00 people informed opinions how big does foreign policy figure in the early stages of a bind he comes into office with a huge amount of foreign policy experience in-depth analysis of the day's global headlines how will a place like good little get the back seat when there's no money at all the rest of
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rich countries are fighting for an inside story on al jazeera. this is al jazeera. hello i'm maryam namazie or watching the news hour live from london coming up the u.s. races to distribute the pfizer vaccine as the number of americans killed by the coronavirus edges closer 230-0000 while it's only becomes the country with the most of the deaths in europe and germany and else is a strict lock down for christmas. it is responsible at this point in time to go the extra mile.


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