Skip to main content

tv   [untitled]    August 28, 2021 3:30pm-4:01pm AST

3:30 pm
were done differently. saudis and other areas when they came to britain to be all to help the bombs deals along your rumsfeld was meeting saddam. is it that interesting? there i am. shadow on al jazeera. ah, i'm, how am i he didn't, i don't. how would the headline sound 0 the united states says is carried out, don't strike against i still in eastern afghanistan. i believe it's killed a member responsible for planning attacks. it follows a warning from president joe biden, that those behind thursday suicide bombing outside counsel airport would be hunted down. the u. s. embassy in kabul is warning americans against traveling to the airport because of security concerns. the pen to then says specific, credible threats against the facility, remain official. say any americans are waiting at the airport should leave immediately. charlotte alice has more from consul last night. we were told
3:31 pm
by some telephone context that they were moving more forces inside the perimeter. what they were calling the victoria strike force unit, which essentially like the a version of special forces and they've moved more of those personnel inside the airport. the u. s. denied, but they had taken control of vehicle fully. but we do understand that they are slowly taking control of more areas within the actual airport perimeter. iraq is hosting a regional summit in an effort to promote peace and reconciliation in the middle east. it's having to improve tongues between saudi arabia and iran. lebanon's economic crisis, the war in yemen and regional water issues are also on the agenda. tens of thousands of people in the u. s. state of louisiana are being told to evacuate as heroic and isaac heads toward the gulf coast. i made landfill twice over western cuba on friday. forecasters say it could be a life altering storm for those who aren't prepared. russia has reported its
3:32 pm
highest monthly colona von as that. so since the pandemic began revised government figures show that more than 50000 people died, phone call with 19, all related causes in july. that brings the total number of deaths more than 365000 . the 4th highest in the world after the u. s. india and brazil. and the man convicted of the fascination of us senator rober sir robert f. kennedy has been recommended for parole, seeking it for the 16th time sir hanser han. how so 53 years for shooting kennedy as a campaign event at the ambassador hotel in los angeles. in 1968, the state governor will make the final decision and the date stay with us on al jazeera. the
3:33 pm
think of some of the biggest companies in the world today is amazon, microsoft. we checked all of them big tech with algorithms, and there were more than just uses or customers for what generations of data they need us to like them for them to be because the more that we use them, the more data we produce, we're in the middle of a great rates, the data and big tech companies around the check the
3:34 pm
the for the past 3 years, academics, nicole dri, analissa may have been investigating a phenomenon. they call data colonialism. while the modes scales and contexts may have changed, they say colonialism, same underlying functions of empire building extraction and appropriation remain that the new land grabbed going on. there's not land that being grabbed. it's us, it's human life, the acquisition, the construction of data, valuable data for corporate use out of the flow of our lives that the lag rep going on. and that's why the work login is the only way it does justice to that. let's think for instance of all the end user license agreements or the terms of use that we read whenever we sign up for
3:35 pm
a new social media platform. and if we think about the process of being asked to agree, something that we cannot even understand and signing away certain rights, signing away our property in this act, i think it's a very interesting parallel. we're not for one moment saying the colonialism today with data involved, the same horrific level of follows. that was involved in the beginning of colonialism. which saying that the core of historic colonialism was the force to involve people in a massive new system, a new order, a new organization of the world economy. in the history of colonialism, we've had different than pirates. and so of course, we can think of the spanish empire, the british empire. i think we would say, at this point in history, in terms of beta colonialism, we have 2 centers of power. we have the united states and one kite on china, india. and of course, we know the american corporation is very well in terms of google, facebook,
3:36 pm
amazon. mean, we don't know the chinese corporations very well because their reach is just beginning to expand beyond china. so part china has been kind of like an internal colony, but we are starting to see how chinese corporations, how the infrastructure developed in china is starting to expand to different parts of the world, including asia and africa. ah, china's biggest crime. while way technology in africa has seen a gold mine of countries like south africa, nigeria, kenya, which is wherein now have delivered some of the most rapidly growing in john jo. bowler has studied the way, affect hearing kenyan. they're building products, for example, that are suited to the african market that she says, the mobile phone that you can get in various african markets as a chinese phone every like 90 percent of the
3:37 pm
and they are building relationships with governments. they providing infrastructure . so while we has provided a lot of infrastructure for surveillance in canyon i, c t and kenya wasn't every countries where there's develop, developing with somewhere in the middle. and that's really useful for governments here. so we advise them on the government data centers, on the government services or anything else, we can share that experiences from around the world. and the nice thing is, of course, it provides benefits of the people that are connected to our business, generating revenue off as well. but the other piece of the chinese influence is that the surreptitious ones, there's a lot of questions about their tissues, data collection, with technology that's coming in from china. and in some ways, if the other side of the coin, right, there's a whole lot of data that's being taken out from african countries and from african citizens to be cap handled use by people who are not necessarily responsible
3:38 pm
or answerable to african people. the quality does not access people's data our, our data. so i don't think that we are the kind of companies that are benefiting of people's data. the only day that we're using is just to improve our products themselves, such as using artificial intelligence and smartphones in our network equipment, so that it can improve be faster. there is skeptics who would question adam's assertion. after all, most big tech companies do exploit use a daughter in some way. however, even if one way doesn't do it, there are other chinese operations in africa that collect and make extensive use of people's data. here and i ready, the dominance of chinese tech is undeniably from telecommunication line. satellite network, right, tempt applying to people. and the online chinese companies have this and much of
3:39 pm
the data produces in trinity, and holdings, for instance, cells to over 40 percent of the mobile market. in subsaharan africa, it's phone selling to the brand name. pick. nope, i tell an internet, but it's strategy doesn't end with the hardware dotted driven app like the music streaming service doing play and digital payment platform, palm pay, add to a growing repository of data and african uses and can help boost money, making opportunities for transients. when you think about just calling them or data corners, i mean, i think the thing that gets law is that the primary objective it was about money was fundamentally about using power. you are using all these kinds of tools to impose one society and another society is due at the 1st sight. he could make money off of that. well, you define colonialism like that. then you really start to see the residences. chinese been investing in africa, many parts of asia for 2030 years,
3:40 pm
very systematically is never pretended that it does, it's doing anything other than expanding its economic interests. it has not you civilizing rhetoric because it doesn't need to. let's contrast that for the moment with a company like microsoft, which talks about democratizing ai or facebook that is concerned to give as it were, connection connectivity had to be a privilege for some of the rich and powerful needs to be something that everyone share. facebook has made a big push to present itself as a benevolent forced to get people online since 2013. the company has been leading a giant project called internet sort of gateway to the world wide web for those with pool connectivity. ready the app that serves is the portal to facebook's version of the internet is called free basics, and it's been launched in at least 60 countries, more than half of them in africa. the idea is to provide access to select sites
3:41 pm
without data charges. in effect, it's a stripped down version of the internet that has one very important component guaranteed connection with facebook and guaranteed possibilities of daughter extraction. which is why, despite the company's slick marketing, not everyone is convinced that this is an entirely selfless exercise injurious and believe leading digital rights advocate. i think what mostly interesting in the, what i'll call tech politics is the rush to connect the unconnected, and the rush to retain the connected in very specific platforms. a lot of his actors will do anything and everything to make sure at some point or other these use it through their platform because it's all about the data. it's all about how much data can i get about people that control ads so that you know concrete, predictive things to keep them hope into what i'm able to offer. and therefore the wheels will keep churning. there is no way that a lot of these tech companies would be able to behave in their home countries,
3:42 pm
the way they behave in the developing world. there is no way that you would be able to roll out a project as big as the basics without some kind of check or valid with without some kind of ethical loop. there was no effort to even say, this is what this mean. this is how this will work for you. and that is really telling right of what they think that african people want and, or need from the internet projects that are largely in this case, emerging from a silicon valley west and america centric approach to connecting the unconnected, i really deeply steeped in the same condescending ways of doing development. so this notion that give them something that is better than nothing. i mean, why would anyone not want that beta colonialism is trained in terms of our civilization or mission. when people are connected, we can accomplish some pretty amazing things. just like historical colonialism, what's frame as well, in terms of bringing progress,
3:43 pm
bringing something that is good and beneficial for humanity. we can get closer to the people that we care about. we can get access to new jobs and opportunities and ideas. our participation is expected and our participation we are told it for our own good. meanwhile, all of this extraction and capturing of the kind of happening in the background without us realizing the 2 consequences. ready the facebook free basics model, which is basically about expanding for facebook, the demain of day to extract across the world at a time when demand for facebook is beginning to fall among younger people in particular, in the so called west is very interesting justice, in historic colonialism, the apparent weakness of the colonized population, the lack of weapons, their lack of sudden resources. the lack of an economic structure suggested to the colonizers that they needed to be colonized. they needed to have whatever the
3:44 pm
colonial system would offer them to bind them in. free basics is just one of facebook, many initiatives across africa. facebook, the latest push here in kenya, it's called express why fi? the company is teamed up with local internet service providers to install why fi hotspots? like here in the mesquite town of gala on the outskirts of nairobi, jerry nimble thea is a headdress. he signed up as a vendor for facebook express, why funny. he gets a commission on every data bundle he sells his customers, say they love lead to facebook because even myself, i use it and they find their bundle cheaper. that cheaper than you can get to network. you get, if i bundle 1100 and be for free. yeah. you find people come here. they do. they find it cheaper. you find it available and the middle from experts,
3:45 pm
why fi has been an undeniable success. yeah. it is made web access cheaper for people living in underserved locations. then there are so many people living our own water connected to wish. however, for those studying the activities of facebook and other big tech companies in kenya, it's impossible to ignore the huge potential for data mining. last year, the facebook was pushed to admit that it is added its own software to the why fi access points that enabled non facebook data, such as customer names and phone numbers to directly flow to the corporation. while facebook says the purpose of the software is to ensure that hotspots functioning well, there's no clarity on just how much additional daughter is being collected and how that's being used. a lot of these companies aren't african, they're not even based in, in african get tenure alone. so, what is the kenyan citizen supposed to do when an american company uses their data, sells their data, markets it, you know, as a product and without their consent, without their ability to intervene to appeal to
3:46 pm
a court system. that's kind of the gray area that we're falling into. a lot of these big tech company. facebook isn't the only big tech company playing the connectivity card here and can last year alphabet, the parent company, the most famous brand is google, signed to deal with telecom, kenya, to quote, connect the unconnected using believe. yep, believe loon is a path breaking project that's been 8 years in the making. and the idea is deceptively simple. use high altitude loans to provide internet connectivity in remote and hard to reach parts of the world. kenya is where loon is making its commercial debut. i spoke with charles merida, he doesn't represent learning, but it's more well known cystic company. google google mission from the get go was to really get a lot of the africans who are offline on night and to make sure that they get online, you know, more affordable and have better content as well as relevant. and the mission around
3:47 pm
learn is to ensure that we're able to deliver connectivity to the most remote part of the continent and around the world. so i'm proud to say that he and kenya is the 1st commercial agreement between noon i was just a company and tell them, can you what remains to be seen is what standard of accountability there will be with it mean that people are restricted. busy to using google site, for instance, that remains to the question what data will be collected in the process of connecting people. i put some of these questions to charles. he made it clear he couldn't say much more battling. after all, he doesn't work for that company. he did tell me this though, about google's approach to data collection. so what we do at google is we ensure that we have employed, i use a trust, that is something that's really important. and that uses understand exactly what we're doing with the data that we have on them. we also ensure that they're able to
3:48 pm
manage and control. so transparency, ability to manage and control the data that we have on our users is really critical . and when it's so transparent, people get to enjoy the magic of google. chas uses a lot of positive p r speak, especially when it comes to discussing matters relating to data. that doesn't come as a big surprise because the data ownership access privacy is an incredibly sensitive legal and political issue across the world. governments and regulators have been looking at that data a lot more and more seriously. but perhaps the most widely publicized is the european union, general data protection regulation, otherwise known as g d p, which sent a global benchmark for strengthening individual rights or the personal data. that's really the discrepancy that we're seeing here is that western government, western societies have more space to keep these companies and check and to force
3:49 pm
them to abide by their local social standards than countries in other parts of the world. and that's where the colonialism label really starts to become active. there is not enough space for ordinary african citizens to push their governments on these issues. there's not enough space for us to actually demand a different standard of treatment in jolla. has a point. just take a look at the state of data regulation around the world, and you'll see how stock the balances. according to a study by the lawson, d l, a piper, north america of strength. much of europe and china have what they would classify as heavy or robust regulation. for many countries across africa, regulation ranges from moderate to 0. the kenyan government says they're working on it, but the speed at which they are developing policies is being outstripped by the speed at which private plays are revolutionizing telecoms and internet connectivity. i don't think of anything particularly wrong with the private sector after taking
3:50 pm
a lead role. if especially again, they have the resources and the wherewithal to be able to do this. the question is, where are state in this game to keep them in check because of the narrative around how any and all digital development is a positive or net positive, are asking critical questions is almost seen as being an enemy of progress. and therefore, the risk is your people in the community, so will miss out. so because of that nuanced and problematic notion being created very few politicians and by extension government actors, one to step up to the play to play this game proactively was come to think about data as being within ready to be extracted like oil can be extracted from the i suddenly used to think of my daughter that way before i began doing research and interviews. but i since come to realize that our lives, location, family members preferences that dislikes all of this isn't really data until you
3:51 pm
create algorithms that can convert every single human being into a collection of bits that money can be made. so this means that the somehow the oil or they call it the day to exhaust naturally within it's which is natural that to be used by corporations. it happens for their profit is incredibly important miss to say there's nothing we can do about this. this is the way things are, but go back 203040 years. this was not the way things we need to hold on to that path to remembering, to pass on the memory of that past in order to show that this remains the missed that is at the core of the colonial project. so we're not just talking about the big players, facebook or google, amazon, and in china by do alibaba 10 cent, etcetera. the social quantification sector is a larger industry sector that's composed of the big players as well as are all sorts of hardware manufacturers, software developers,
3:52 pm
all of this platform. inter pronounce tours as well as data analytic firms and data broker. so altogether they constitute this sector that provides the infrastructure for making this extraction possible extraction of data from our human social life. we are the bodies producing the data, but we are not necessarily the ones who benefit from that. so at stake here is people's ideas. people's dream pupils hopes, people's frustrations being used to sell things back to them. where do we actually get our money back? we're not saying no tech in africa. we're not saying, you know, jump over africa as you're thinking about an internet. the internet has done a lot of really good things in africa to meet a lot of connections possible that were not possible even 510 years ago. the question is, how do you mitigate the harm? how do you make sure that you protect the good and you corral the bad, the model that we have now isn't doing that. i think we should be bold enough and
3:53 pm
brave enough to go back to the drawing board and challenge ourselves to think differently about this model. is there a better way of doing this thing? is there a more humane way of doing the connectivity thing that we're trying to do to all of the corporation? oh, technology is neither positive and negative or neutral. it will always of the intrinsic motivation that exists in a community or where it's being deployed. one practical tip that i've found very useful is to keep myself informed and bring in as much critical for it. and questioning of when we are told, you know, technology is the solution and is the disruptor. you know, to question how we've arrived at that conclusion. supporting actors will make it that day to day live, to ask the things is one way to also keep making sure you view your concerns are
3:54 pm
represented and it's not given to their fear. we can still figure out how to use the society. technology could help with that, but if they're teaching us that we need to go back to the basics of how we form society and how we find consensus and how we quote exist in this world. children who are now 5 years or younger, a growing up with toys, which are in fact robots algorithmically programmed, which operates by tracking everything they do and playing back to them in forms that help the child grow. everything they say, we don't know what happens to that data, but it will be probably impossible in about 10 years time to say to the child who is now by that stage growing up adult. you can live in a world without being tracked algorithmically, every moment of your life is therefore very important. we start in the sense, speaking the truth to a very new type of power that is walking the face of the i think it is easy to
3:55 pm
forget, you know, a time, even before all of our lives were ruled in a thin white, all of the technologies and yet when i talked to young people, i'm encouraged by the sense that they don't think all of the inevitable. and they are actually lives deterministic that i am. when they think about technology. when i hear that talk about their changing perceptions towards facebook towards social media, how they're becoming critical of it and how they're becoming more literate consumers in terms of reading the terms of service in terms of trying to make sense of up to technical, legalistic language. i think that gives me hope that people can become more active consumers and participants think that it's really important for us as we're
3:56 pm
thinking about the issues that they're pushing. he's in the challenges at knology present to remember that human being, our core part of this and human nature is very, very poor. and it's very repetitive. we've actually been here before with other forms of communication technology. when you think about radio and the role that radio played, for example, in the 2nd world war, when you think about the launch of television and the fears around advertising in the theater around how television will change societies. these are all conversations that are actually happened in the past. and so for me, the big lesson is, let's learn from what has already happened in the past. let's not be afraid to look back. there is nothing radically so radically different about internet technology that human beings haven't really grappled with before. around the world, a powerful entities are working to manipulate and influence the controls. faking
3:57 pm
algorithms that are being developed and designed to push the content that says click me every click, we make that value. so what, what end in the 3rd of a 5 last series raise in mexico examining how the propaganda and prop shape content . all hail the algorithm, jeviana. ah, ah ah, ah, it's time for the journey to winter sponsored by kettle airways. hello there. here's her headlines for the americas. we've got
3:58 pm
a catastrophic storm bear leaned toward the u. s. states of louisiana. this is a major once we'll go in for a closer look, look into make landfall south west of new orleans. and i want to prepare you for the worst possible outcome, potentially a category for storm late sundays. so that means top wind speeds here could be up to 250 millimeters storm search for 5 meters. that's the ocean being picked up and driven into the coastline. and we need to remember places like new orleans are actually below sea level. and more than half a meter of rain can be expected here. also keeping tabs on tropical storm nor expected to strengthen into a category one hurricane, but it's now very more toward the east going up through the gulf of california. and we'll watch to see if this does have an impact on the popular tours hotspot of cobbler san lucas. meantime, the desert, south west. they're sweating it out. vegas 40 to phoenix. 42. but we've also got a red flag warning in play for northern in central parts of california for erotic fire behavior, high temperatures, low humidity here,
3:59 pm
and things are heating up from the st. lawrence river valley down to the great lakes. but some big storms for northern ontario, and it's also going to heat up in a saucy on for the 1st state of meteorology. co spring. see you soon. sponsored cattle airways. talk to al jazeera. we can what gives you hope that is going to be peace because of the situation on the ground seems to be pointing. otherwise we listen. we were never on the whatever road to off migration. we meet with global news makers and talk about the stories on sierra with more than 200000000 cases because of 19 worldwide government backing to fight fresh wave of the virus and newberry. and there has been a 3rd and the number of people working vaccination appointment from the human coast to political and economic pool out. i'll just bring you the latest on the pen demik . this will have vaccinated more than 1100 people here, all of them migrant farm workers,
4:00 pm
people on home testing because they think that there is a risk to democracy, special coverage when i'll just bear with me the this is al jazeera ah hello from. i'm hello, he's in with the out to 0 use are coming up for you in the next 60 minutes. evacuations are over gamma stand, and so their final stage on their height and security, the u. s. as long as they don't strike against deisel in retaliation for thursday's airport attack, hoping to ease tensions in the middle east. iraq, the regional summit, saudi arabia on height on the.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on