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tv   [untitled]    August 31, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm AST

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recognise the taliban of the official government in the country, but it is very much giving them the benefit of the doubt and been beijing's approach right now is to give the taliban space and a chance to prove itself going forward. and it's watching very closely as to what it does next. ah, this is l 0. these are the headlines. the taliban has taken control of couples. airports are as after the u. s. completed its withdrawal from afghanistan. the group says it wants to establish good relations with the international community. here, how it is a historic day. we proud to have reached this day. we congratulate the people, the arabs and muslims. we are finding, gain, our freedom and independence. the future will be brightened. we will have peace and stability as the government will take shape in the coming few days. is too early to
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speak about who will be part of it, but we have covered about 90 to 95 percent and will announce the final outcome in the coming days. charlotte balance is more now from comple airports. a number of leaders down here, and actually they tell us that they want to get the commercial side of vehicle functioning in the coming days. what shipping, while evacuations have ended on a military front. that doesn't mean that if people have baez's and passports that they should be able to fly out of here on commercial flight in the coming days, they do need help with that. and as we've been standing here, a number of cas hurry, forces, technical personnel engineers that have, they are leading some picnic late to the taliban along with turkish forces to help them get the function them again. because at the moment, the lot of things broken, a lot of things missing that's going to take some time and money to get at least the commercial side. operation wants more. it withdrawal of us troops months the
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ends of america's longest war and a 20 your presence and get this done. the last c 17 transport plane ticket from campbell airport, just before midnight, local time. your secretary of state anthony button can says motions and will work with and you can governments, if it serves america's national interest, the by the net ministration has suspended embassy operations in afghanistan for no un security council has passed a resolution calling for the safe passage of people who will to leave the canister on taliban as promising to form an inclusive government under poor human rights. china and russia abstained from the un security council votes. they're promising to deep and ties with the taliban governments. china says it's ready to contribute to rebuilding the country after decades of war. well, those are the headlines to keep it here on al jazeera. the news continues after all,
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hail the algorithm. news, news, news. i think of some of the biggest companies in the world today is amazon, microsoft. we checked all of them with algorithms that there were more than just uses or customers for what generations of data they need us to like them for them to be because the more that we use them, the more data we produce, we're in the middle of a great rates, the data and big tech companies around the check
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the me for the past 3 years, academics, nicole dri, analissa, ma, his have been investigating a phenomenon. they call data colonialism. while the modes scales and contexts may have changed, they say colonialism, same underlying functions of empire building extraction and appropriation remain that the new land grabbed going on. there's not land that being grabbed. it's us, it's human life, the acquisition, the construction of data, valuable data for corporate use out of the flow of our lives that the lag rep going on. and that's why we're close. see only what it does justice to that. let's think for instance of all the end user license agreements or the terms of use that we
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read whenever we sign up for a new social media platform. and if we think about the process of being asked to agree, something that we cannot even understand and signing away certain rights, signing away our property in this act, i think it's a very interesting parallel. we're not for one moment saying the colonialism today with data involved the same horrific level of violence that was involved in the beginning of colonialism. which saying that the core of historic colonialism was the force to involve people in a massive new system, a new order, a new organization of the world economy. in the history of colonialism, we've had different empires. and so of course, we can think of the spanish empire, the british empire. i think we would say, at this point in history, in terms of beta colonialism, we have 2 centers of power. we have the united states and one kite on china, india. and of course, we know the american corporation is very well in terms of google, facebook,
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amazon. mean, we don't know the chinese corporations very well because their reach is just beginning to expand on china. so far, china has been kind of like an eternal colony, but we are starting to see how chinese corporations, how the infrastructure developed in china is starting to expand it to different parts of the world, including asia and africa in china. the biggest, while way technology in africa has seen a gold mine of countries like south africa, nigeria, kenya, which is wherein now had delivered some of the most rapidly growing in john new bola has studied the way affect hearing, kenya, they're building products, for example, that are suited to the african market, the cheapest mobile phone that you can get in various african markets as a chinese phone every like 90 percent of the
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and they are building relationships with governments. they providing infrastructure . so while we has provided a lot of infrastructure for surveillance in canyon i, c t and kenya wasn't every country where this develops developing was somewhere in the middle. and that's really useful for governments here. so we advise them on the government data centers, on the government services or anything else, we can share that experiences from around the world. and the nice thing is, of course they provide benefits of the people who are connected to our business. so the generating revenue off as well. but the other piece of the chinese influence is that the surreptitious, what there's a lot of questions about their tissues, data collection, with technology that's coming in from china. and in some ways, if the other side of the coin, right, there's a whole lot of data that's being taken out from african countries and from african citizens to be cap handled use by people who are not necessarily responsible
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or answerable to african people. the quality does not access people's data our, our data. so i don't think that we are the kind of company that are benefiting of people's data. the only day that we're using is just to improve our products themselves, such as using artificial intelligence and smartphones in our network equipment, so that it can improve be faster. there is skeptics who would question adams assertion. after all, most big tech companies to exploit use a daughter in some way. however, even if one way doesn't do it, there are other chinese operations in africa that collect and make extensive use of people's data. here and i wrote me, the dominance of chinese tech is undeniable from telecommunication lines to satellite network, right, jumped applying to people and the online chinese companies have this nothing and
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much of the data produces in 20 and holdings, for instance, cells to over 40 percent of the mobile market in sub saharan africa. it's phone sell into the brand names. techno i tell and internet, but it's strategy doesn't end with the hardware dotted driven app, like the music streaming service doing play, and digital payment platform, palm pay, add to a growing repository of data, $1.00 african users, and can help boost money, making opportunities for transients. when you think about just calling them or data corners, i mean, i think the thing that gets lost is that the primary objective it was about money was fundamentally about using power. you are using all these kinds of tools to impose one society and another site is due at the 1st site. you could make money off of that. when you define colonialism like that, then you really start to see the residences. chinese been investing in africa and many parts of asia for 2030 years,
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very systematically is never pretended that it does, it's doing anything other than expanding its economic interests. it has not use civilizing rhetoric because it doesn't need to. let's contrast that for the moment with a company like microsoft, which talks about democratizing ai or facebook that is concerned to give as it will connection connectivity can't just be a privilege for some of the rich and powerful needs to be something that everyone share. facebook has made a big push to present itself as a benevolent forced to get people online. since 2013. the company has been leading a giant project called internet all sort of gateway to the world wide web for those with pool connectivity. the app that serves is the portal to facebook's version of the internet is called free basics, and it's been launched in at least 60 countries, more than half of them in africa. the idea is to provide access to select sites
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without data charges. in effect, it's a stripped down version of the internet that has one very important component guaranteed connection with facebook and guaranteed possibilities of daughter extraction. which is why, despite the company's slick marketing, not everyone is convinced that this is an entirely selfless exercise injurious and believe leading digital rights advocate. i think what mostly interesting in the, what i'll call technol politics is the rush to connect the unconnected, and the rush to retain the connected in very specific platforms. a lot of his actors will do anything and everything to make sure, at some point or other these users go through their platform. because it's all about the data. it's all about how much data can i get about people that control ads so that you know concrete predictive things to keep them hoped into what i'm able to offer. and therefore, the wills will keep churning. there is no way that a lot of these tech companies would be able to behave in their home countries,
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the way they behave in the developing world. there is no way that you would be able to roll out a project as big as 3 basic without some kind of check or valid without some kind of ethical loop. there was no effort to even say, this is what this mean. this is how this will work for you, and that is really telling right of what they think that african people want and, or need from the internet projects that are largely in this case, emerging from a silicon valley weston centric approach to connecting be unconnected. i read deeply steeped in the same condescending ways of doing development. so this notion that give them something that is better than nothing. i mean, why would anyone not want that beta colonialism is frame in terms of activity ational missions. when people are connected, we can accomplish some pretty amazing things. just like historical colonialism, what's frame as well, in terms of bringing progress,
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bringing something that is good and beneficial for humanity. we can get closer to the people that we care about. we can get access to new jobs and opportunities and ideas. our participation is expected and our participation we are told it for our own good. meanwhile, all of this extraction and capturing of is kind of happening in the background without us realizing the 2 consequences. ready the facebook free basics model, which is basically about expanding for facebook, the demain of day to extract across the world at a time when demand for facebook is beginning to fall amongst younger people in particular, in the so called west is very interesting justice, in historic colonialism, the apparent weakness of the colonized population, the lack of weapons, their lack of sudden resources. the lack of an economic structure suggested to the colonizers that they needed to be colonized. they needed to have whatever the
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colonial system would offer them to bind them in. free basics is just one of facebook, many initiatives across africa. facebook, the latest sharing can. yeah. it's called extra why fi companies came up with local internet service providers to install? why fi hotspots like here in the mass, like town of gala on the outskirts of nairobi. jerry nimble thea is a headdress. he signed up as of in just facebook express. why funny, he gets a commission on every data bundle he sells his customers, say they love lead to facebook because even myself, i use it and they find their bundles cheaper that cheaper than compared to what you get if i bundle $1100.00 and be for free. yeah. you find much people come here, they do. they find it cheaper. they found it available and they made up a strong experts. why fi has been an undeniable success?
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yeah. it has made web access chief of the people living in underserved locations. then there are so many people living our own water connected to the way. however, for those studying the activities of facebook and other big tech companies in kenya, it's impossible to ignore the huge potential for data mining. last year, facebook was pushed to admit that it has added its own software to the why fi access points that enabled non facebook data, such as customer names and phone numbers to directly flow to the corporation. while facebook says the purpose of the software is to ensure that hotspots functioning well, there's no clarity on just how much additional daughter is being collected and how that's being used. a lot of these companies aren't african, they're not even based in kenya in africa. forget kenya alone. so what is a kenyan citizen supposed to do when an american company uses their data, sells their data market, you know, as a product and without their consent, without their ability to intervene to appeal to
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a court system. that's kind of the gray area that we're falling into. a lot of these big tech companies. facebook isn't the only big tech company playing the connectivity card here and can last year alphabet, the parent company, the most famous brand is google, signed to deal with telecomm, kenya, to quote, connect the unconnected using believe. yep, believe loon is a path breaking project that's been 8 years in the making. and the idea is deceptively simple. use, high altitude learns to provide internet connectivity in remote and hard to reach parts of the world. kenya is where loon is making its commercial debut. i spoke with charles merida. ready he doesn't represent learning, but it's more well known sister company, google google mission from the get go, was to really get a lot of the africans who are offline on night. and to make sure that they get online, you know, more affordable and have better con content as well as relevant. and the mission
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around loon is to ensure that we're able to deliver connectivity to the most remote parts of the continent and around the world. so i'm proud to say that he and kenya is the 1st commercial agreement between noon. our sister company and telecom kenya was to be seen is what standard of accountability they will be with. it means that people are restricted to using google site. for instance, that remains to question what data will be collected in the process of connecting people. i put some of these questions to charles. he made it clear he couldn't say much more about ling. after all, he doesn't work for that company. he did tell me this though, about google's approach to data collection. so what we do at google is we ensure that we have employed, i use a trust, that is something that's really important. and that uses understand exactly what we're doing with the data that we have on them. we also ensure that they're able to
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manage and control. so transparency, ability to manage and control the data that we have on our users is really critical . and when it's so transparent, people get to enjoy the magic of google. chelsea uses a lot of positive p r speak, especially when it comes to discussing matters relating to data. that doesn't come as a big surprise because data ownership access privacy is an incredibly sensitive legal and political issue across the world. governments and regulators have been looking at that data a little more and more seriously. but perhaps the most widely publicized is the european union, general data protection regulation, otherwise known as g d p, which sent a global benchmark, the strengthening individual rights, or the personal data. that's really the discrepancy that we're seeing here is that western government questions, societies have more space to keep these companies in check and to force them to
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abide by the local social standards than countries in other parts of the world. and that's where the colonialism label really starts to become active. there is not enough space for ordinary african citizens to push their government from these issues. there is not enough space for us to actually demand a different standard of treatment. min jolla has a point. just take a look at the state of data regulation around the world, and you'll see how stock the balances. according to a study by the lawson deal, a north america of strength, much of europe and china have what they would classify as heavy or robust regulation. for many countries across africa, regulation ranges from moderate to 0. the kenyan government says they're working on it, but the speed at which they are developing policies is being outstripped by the speed at which private plays are revolutionizing telecoms and internet connectivity. i don't think of anything particularly wrong with the private sector after taking
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a lead role. if especially again, they have the resources and the wherewithal to be able to do this. the question is, where are state in this game to keep them in check because of the narrative around how any and all digital development is a positive or net positive, are asking critical questions is almost seen as being an enemy of progress. and therefore, the risk is your people in the community, so will miss out. so because of that nuanced and problematic notion being created very few politicians and by extension government actors, one to step up to the play to play this game proactively. which come to think about data as being within ready to be extracted like oil can be extracted from the i suddenly used to think of my daughter that way before i begin doing research and interviews with a separate. but i've since come to realize that our lives, location, family, members, that preferences, that dislikes all of this isn't really data until you create algorithms that can
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convert every single human being into a collection of bits. that money can be made up. so this miss that the somehow the oil or they call it the data exhaust naturally within this, which is natural, there to be used by corporations. it happens for their profit is credibly important message to say there's nothing we can do about this. this is the way things are, but go back 203040 years. this was not the way things we need to hold on to that path to remembering to parts on the memory of that past in order to show that this remains the missed the digit, the core of the colonial project. so we're not just talking about the big players, facebook, google, amazon, and in china by 2, alibaba, 10 cent, etcetera. of the social quantification sector is a larger industry sector that's composed of the big players as well as are all sorts of hardware manufacturers, software developers,
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all of these platform inter printers as well as data analytic firms and data brokers. so altogether they constitute this sector that provides the infrastructure for making this extraction possible extraction of data from our human social life. we are the bodies producing the data, but we are not necessarily the ones who benefit from that. so i'll stay here is people's ideas, people's dreams. people hopes people's frustrations being used to sell things back to them. where do we actually get our money back? we're not saying no tech in africa. we're not saying, you know, jump over africa as you're thinking about an internet has done a lot of really good things in africa made a lot of connections possible that were not possible even 510 years ago. the question is, how do you mitigate the harm? how do you make sure that you protect the good and you corral the bad, the model that we have now isn't doing that. i think we should be bold enough and
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brave enough to go back to the drawing board and challenge ourselves to think differently about this model. is there a better way of doing this thing? is there a more humane way of doing the connectivity thing that we're trying to do to all of the cooperation? oh, technology is neither positive and negative or neutral. it will always of the intrinsic motivation that exists in a community where it's being deployed. one practical tip that i've found very useful is to keep myself informed and bring in as much critical for it. and questioning of when we are told, you know, technology is the solution and is the disruptor. you know, to question how we arrived at that conclusion. supporting actors, what make it that day to day live, to ask the things is one way to also keep making sure you view your concerns are
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represented. and it's, you know, not to give into their fear. we can still figure out how to use a society technology could help with that. but if that teaching us that we need to go back to the basics of how we form society and how we find consensus and how we quit vist in this world. children who are now 5 years or younger, a growing up with toys, which are in fact robots algorithmically programmed, which operates by tracking everything they do and playing back to them in forms that help the child grow. everything they say, we don't know what happens to that data, but it will be probably impossible in about 10 years time to say to the child who is now by that stage growing up adult. you can live in a world without being tracked algorithmically, every moment of your life is therefore very important. we start in the sense, speaking the truth to
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a very new type of power that is walking the face of the i think it is easy to forget, you know, a time, even before all of our lives were ruled in a sense, way all of the technologies and yet when i talk to young people, i'm encouraged by the sense that they don't think all of the inevitable. and they are actually lives deterministic that i am. when i think about technology, when i hear that talk about their changing perceptions towards facebook towards social media, how they're becoming critical of it and how they're becoming more literate consumers in terms of reading the terms of service in terms of trying to make sense of our technical, legalistic language. i think that gives me hope that people can become more active consumers and participants think that it's really important for us as we're
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thinking about the issues that they're pushing. he's and the challenges at knology present to remember that human being, our core part of this and human nature is very teresa. and it's very repetitive. we've actually been here before with other forms of communication technology. when you think about radio and the role that radio played, for example, in the 2nd world war, when you think about the launch of television and the fears around advertising in the theater around how television will change societies. these are all conversations that have actually happened in the past. and so for me, the big lesson is, let's learn from what has already happened in the past. let's not be afraid to look back. there is nothing radically so radically different about internet technology that human beings haven't really grappled with before. teach, you know, you can watch english streaming live and i do 2 channels. plus thousands of our
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programs. award winning documentaries, and get new support. ah, subscribe to youtube dot com, forward slash al jazeera english trailer. aboriginal children as young as 10 being arrested and locked up. in the 1st of 2 special report, $11.00 east investigates trailers indigenous incarceration crime. on al jazeera, the news news news. news.
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news. me . the we're going to we're going to break in now to bring you an event out of cobble. this is a live event with the top bon spokesman's. i believe my jad, he's been speaking at a, an event called the end of the us withdrawal in afghans. the company is. 5 gone and so on and also to the mind i'm not going to resources from i'm going
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to find out. i don't want to good him that jen. microwave mcglenn, this is robyn mac away. didn't to get past the better that that's a monday for them. when they might have gotten medic, i'm not coming up got a wireless country, but they didn't listen to him up to them and what was it down because he was see soon. well him but all the things to come. i had a lot my the me cannot my hold on just a little money that one on the hope that a if a home, the stuff you know that it will be the, this is the move by, by the with, with the you read the book. i how you want to see what because of the marketplace. they say, well, he's
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a nuclear mr. human look up on sunday the year and he didn't listen to them. they can get on and they also found some kind of customer bucket. i was funny minutes ago, was that a little bit of credit? why some of them up lower, some of them, and then shed america easy as soon i'm going to break out for hon scott, this is done about me, but i know the medical and the policy make, i didn't get that should be done here. let the be the 33 by the on the left, the other day, the tour. let's if you know it could be this was the understand last night it was our nation war by sherman that he, i was fighting them for years. yes. you have because like it is, well gosh, you can for them, you know, but tomorrow maybe like till each and every i've gotten to send you the hard. i say
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i think it was them whether those high c.


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