Skip to main content

We will keep fighting for all libraries - stand with us!

tv   [untitled]    November 13, 2021 1:30am-2:01am AST

1:30 am
a song in parody, her about her freedom of speech, land dad, her is so question. as the museum opens to the public for the 1st time, but sometimes baffling world of modern art will not only prompt the question, is it art? but in hong kong case, is it legal? rob mcbride, al jazeera, ah, look at main stories now. a draft agreement at the you and climate conference has asked countries to accelerate their emission cutting plans. it says that by 2025 rich countries should double their funding to help poor countries cope with the impact of climate change. a previous draft did not set a target date, but the language remains week. for the 1st time, fossil fuels are targeted with the draft telling countries to move more quickly in phasing out poll power and fossil fuel subsidies. but again,
1:31 am
no date has been set. this is our collected moment in history. this is our chance to forge a cleaner, healthier, more prosperous world. and this is our time to deliver on the high ambition set by our leaders. at the start of the summit, we must rise to the occasion. at least 15 people have been injured after a bomb was set off in a mosque in afghanistan's and anger. province. device is reportedly placed in east on the mosques, health that are in a similar spate of attacks on sheer mosques. many of them have been claimed by i sell in afghanistan, but to so far there been no claims of responsibility for this latest attack. casarez agree to represent the us in afghanistan,
1:32 am
the us actually of states as the cat. i will assume the role of what's been called a protecting power to maintain contact between the u. s. and the taliban government, which the u. s. does not recognize. the announcement was made during a visit by cat o's, foreign minister to washington, dc. foreign minister, i'll turn it here to thousands of people, remain stuck at the bellows order with poland in a growing argument over migrants and refugees. europe says beller is, is directing people to the border and retaliation for sanctions is made, moves to stop the float. turkey is banned syrian yamini and iraqi citizens from catching flights to minsk, blocking one well used route. iraq is also stopped all direct flights. well that's it for myself and the team here in london for now. we'll see you tomorrow counting, the cost is coming up next. and then one year from doha, after that there are some things you can never forget them. there are scenes which will be etched in your memory forever. in syria,
1:33 am
we documented atrocities and in the northern city of aleppo, we witness something. we will never unsee the bodies bound and executed their hands, tied the gunshot wounds to their heads were bad enough, but watching the relatives identify their loved ones. that's one of the hardest things i've ever done as hard as it was. we had and needed to film because maybe one day, those responsible can and will be held to account. it is an honor, but at the same time it is a challenge to do this job, to bear witness to history as it's made to make sure what is recorded is accurate and truthful. i'm sen. ah,
1:34 am
[000:00:00;00] with hello, i'm adrian said again. this is counting the cost on al jazeera. you look at the world of business and economics this week. climate change is reshaping this a hell. food insecurity. coups and the pandemic. a leading to a rise in violence and terrors. tens of thousands of people have been displaced as a laken, molly evaporates. what little water there is, is controlled by armed groups, including al qaeda at all groups and making a grab for gold. rich land in the region and drought has ravaged the california central valley. the region provides vast amounts of food for the us and for export, but for how much longer. ah, $100.00 private and state own fossil fuel companies account for almost 80 percent
1:35 am
of historical greenhouse gas emissions. the richest most developed and industrialized countries are overwhelmingly to blame for our climate emergency, but they are unlikely to suffer the most from it. it's areas like this a hell in africa that a suffering the most, an explosive cocktail of climate change. food insecurity. coups and the pandemic, a leading to a rise in violence and terrorism, known as the bells of africa. the cell is a 5000 kilometer, a semi arid territory, which stretches from mauritania on the atlantic ocean to eritrea, on the red sea. but these are the countries in the west africans to hell. we're going to be focusing on today. martina, akita, faso, chad, molly and the jap. now out of 189 countries on the u. n's human development index that looks at income health and education to assess how well economies are doing
1:36 am
these nations rank at the bottom of the table. and here's what's contributing to the poor economic performance. temperatures arising one of the half times faster than the global average. and could be 3 to 5 degrees celsius, warmer by 2050. remember, the paris accord hope to keep global warming well below 2 percent. all this is leading to erratic rainfall. the united nations estimates that 80 percent of the health rain fed farmland is affected by degradation, which is undermining food production cove. it has pushed the whole region into its deepest recession since independence. from 1300000 people have been plunged into extreme poverty. with 1400000 young people poised to enter the sally and countries job markets every year with little in the way of opportunity. it's proving to be recruiting ground for extremists will extremely ship in financing themselves through taxes on farmers and trade routes through the sahara for made
1:37 am
a land grabbed for gold rich areas in the tri state area in north patina. faso, which is africa. the 4th biggest producer of gold, reuters investigation found the terror groups were tapping the $2000000000.00 informal goal trade in mali and nas, yeah, well, outside, interventionist on little to quell the violence. 8 years after deploying troops to this a hell to crush your hottest insurgency, france has said that it plans to haul its presence. that decision didn't go down well in molly interim, prime minister should well, my eager slammed france for its abandonment of molly. it's now seeking support from russia. ok, we have to report for you in a moment. i'll just hear of um address reports from chad on the consequences of shrinking, fertile grazing lands. but 1st out of here is nicholas huck on how climate change has transformed the lake in northern molly into a desert on the edge of tim booked to is a disappearing lake, with the temperatures approaching 50 degrees celsius,
1:38 am
vanished into thin air or the green waters of the mighty lake figure being grandma modified obama do spun, says it's getting hotter. he's no longer a fisherman. he's witnessed waves of sand gradually take over the waterways. he once sailed for fish. the sea shells from a life that once existed, remain gone. are the mango trees and the green gardens for farming mourns who smuggler never would attack again? 9 different hold on one, there was water on our land. we grew rice and wheat. look at it. now the people, the village, are building natural barriers to stabilize the sand. dunes and stop them from moving already, the sand is dangerously close to their homes. from above, the natural barriers looks like a fishing net cast over the sand and attempt to stop the unstoppable desert dunes have already buried homes. now it's headed for the nearby school on the meadow belong thing called up a but a cut sign of you see this sand dune wasn't there before it entered the school from the right. the ground was flat between those 2 blocks. this is a school for almost 400 students. that's an entire generation, a loss generation,
1:39 am
a generation condemned to flee, or be recruited and more droughts here a rainfall. water has become scars, farmers and herders fight over it. in areas where the mountain state is largely absent arm groups including a kind of control access to water and arable land, giving it only to those willing to join their ranks. the combination of the om conflicts and the effect of climate change is like a death sentence for those population. when the whales are empty, i mean people are on, has to flee in search ortho that water and there are places where people fight for water. it's a self of conflict between communities today. 300000 people have fled an area where there was once an abundance of water. the surface of it was once lake like a bean, is hot with an unknown gas in its killing the remaining shrubs. forcing the last people to leave this vanishing oasis in search of
1:40 am
a more friendly climate. another victim of climate change, a prized horse, succumbs to the searing heat. here an exhausted lamb was left behind by my greeting, heard 4 wild animals to deval as his losses. pile up. i don't muhammad the rounds of his cattle and family, and head towards the border with the cambro. me, we're laugh. we'll know. we'll put a wood. we are leaving to where the past years greener and the weather's more bearable. the migration will save what's left of my cattle, the drought and the rising heat have taken so much away from me. he's just trying to cut his losses and recover even if that means risking attacks by bandits, bo quorum and corrupt officials as he crosses the chide come road border. mom would you bring expects the dry period and his losses to continue al serra that must have been but the rains have failed us and the unbearable heat is drying up the little
1:41 am
water that we have. it's painful to watch your animals die and there's nothing you can do about it. he is not sure if he will have any kettle left before the reins return. at to say people in this a hell allready living but gloomy future. they say the region continues to see arise and temperatures and p a could get worse if it took them all to come to the desert. i can definitely tell you that in this region, time has in fact run out. it's up to us to act and mitigate the impact people feel gross till occupy, like slaves of territory, farther limiting access to water and lead for agriculture. as the impact of climate change becomes clear, possible, really supposed to make a difficult decision to sell of the animals are very low prizes or let them die. and when they bring them to markets like this, they find to people who can afford to buy them. i did research, i'll just eat a german. let's get some analysis with on ella motor on the head of this
1:42 am
a hell program at the institute for security studies, she joined us via skype from banner co with the capital city of molly. good to be with us on the how much of what we've just seen is to do with climate change and how much of it has to do with poor economic management and political instability. all of these factors a dire situation on the one hand climate change is around the very difficult situation in terms of, you know, the, that the cation payments that are affecting the likelihood in the lifestyle of a community. however, as i've mentioned before, we can meet political governance a, make me the fact that you mentioned stability has been saving money or
1:43 am
a very serious security crisis has been reaching out to the region for nearly 10 years now. making a what is behind the rise of the groups? is it lazy of us just to apply the labels extremist or islamist to these groups? this is a very good question. you know, because extreme is really depends on where you stop right in the sand. well, we see a variety operating modes and miles on the one you have a labeled to recombine and extremist. we tend to be pushing a reference point. however, at the same time, you have a whole series of a that don't have any particularly religious or
1:44 am
a bit. so actually is a simplification to look at the security situation as being exclusively an experience driven walk outside intervention. help. francis is currently drawing down troops off to 8 years in the region. is it fair to say that they've had little impact on the violence? well, you know, we don't have to come to factual. so we don't know what things would be looking like a now with a what do you know? he said this is a expenditure, but in terms of, you know, political investment, financial investments and law lives. also,
1:45 am
the situation remains the diner with shows the limits, the international and external intervention is molly, where you are now looking to, to russia for support. it's not something we should be concerned about. i think that something that should 1st of all concern and question the traditional military and security man. the very fact that the government has been waiting the prospect of dealing with a company at what would be an extremely high potential. while at the same time, we do have international, a sheet that are expensive and that are 3 this question about the advocacy
1:46 am
of their support as well as in terms of alignment to too many in needs and priorities. at the same time. of course, it's important to keep in mind that the money government has to anything about the so called a company deal. and the see me, a key element was at the yeah, it's still very much a political game and that's what i like, how the groups operating in the region financed and what is the hold right now over the goal, producing areas. this is another great question. so i don't use operating in the regions of our lead to a financial flows as well. one thing we know is that, you know, the real cost to
1:47 am
a legal team using that for instance, as well as many of the rules as well as accounting roughly are a local industries that, that the speed upgrade. we also do have data on the presence and the use my cheese including 2 with which these are using to to get access to material goods and financial plan. i know i'll try to link groups of hell talks with authorities and molly and pick it up for us. so of those talks go anywhere. has they been productive? this is a working try. so it sounds
1:48 am
a bit of an inferior position on whether or not to a label, and it's a 2017 with a series of national talks that i keep from to the government to explore these action. while this is something that study been discussed much more recently, i see that these talks when i see that the option for such data would remain on the table. the key questions that governments will have to solving. well, was there to be a who exactly are the interlocutors, what are the communication channels to use and sending them in? if you're going to initiate the decisions,
1:49 am
you should also be willing to assist to willing. ready to meet on on the table. so what is the new for me to station potentially button on the less been really going to talk to you on counting the cost money. thanks again for being with us. thank you for 80 percent of our food is grown on 500000000 small farms around the world just to one degree increase in global temperatures would hit production by 10 percent. as we've already seen, climate change is having huge consequences in the cell. it's also a problem in the rich world. here's, i'll just here was rob rentals with a report from california for how are things going tough. mike wood is the 3rd generation farmer in california's san joaquin valley. he grows 200
1:50 am
hector's of omen trees. but recently he's been thinking of selling the ranch. yeah . the consideration of sale has been right in the front of the gray matter for quite some time. actually, this dolly is a cornucopia of agricultural plenty rich soil in a benign climate produced a vast bounty of meat, milk, vegetables, fruits, and nuts. but global warming is changing the valley. 2021 was the 2nd try us here on record. while some years are wetter than others, repeated drought strains, the capacity of an elaborate system of canals and reservoirs that bring water from far away. it's getting hotter to the valley. he had a record $45.00 degrees celsius in september land where fruits or vegetables might be grown would be left idle. it's not unusual to see sites like this entire orchards ripped up and ground into mulch. these effects aren't unique to california,
1:51 am
china, russia, nigeria, brazil, all over the world have their own localized impacts. but the one thing in common is the global warming is causing those impacts and humans are causing global warming. scientists say some of the world's most important breadbasket regions are also the most at risk of failure due to climate shocks, persistent drought and extreme temperatures here in california and other farming regions around the world raise an important question about the future of our species. how can an ever warming planet feed a human population that is expected to grow from 7900000000 today to nearly 10000000000 by mid century? simply expanding farm land won't do. the more forests are cut down the worse global warming gets. sciences say we must adapt or starve our ability to be able to feed
1:52 am
the planet is going to require some wholesale changes, both in how we produce food and how we share food across the planet. is going to require that we probably change our diet and move more towards a plant based science. this is the emitter. mike wood is optimistic, one that technology will provide a solution. when i talk about the technology, i'm talking about the ability to produce 50 percent to a 100 percent more than we did on the same acre 40 years ago. hope for the future in time of climate uncertainty. let's get more than on the challenge is that the farmers face as they deal with climate change, mike will get me as the chief executive of the fair trade foundation. he joins us now via skype from london. good teddy with a michael. tell us something about the impact on the climate change is having on. the farmers that you work with will century is
1:53 am
a global coalition of foam as businesses and consumers working together better tales for men and women in lower income countries. see who called the food that we'll rely on every day. and the, the problem is, but the climate change is real and it's happening now. we work with 1800000 farmers in 75 countries around the world. and it's the number one priority. so the challenge we face is the, the positive noises, the, the words that are being pledged in cop to be transferred into action immediately. let me just give you one example of the many we're seeing from around the world amongst a fair trade producers in the dominican republic where farmers group and honors for exports to the european markets. there were enormous problems with flooding caused by the climate crisis. can type in on a phone with, with flooded in 2016,
1:54 am
wiping out the entire crop. and then the following year there were hurricanes just after they'd be planted hurricanes again, went to the cross. now, for farming communities who rely on being able to grow food to export that an incredibly serious problem. and for consumers it, it really matters because in the u. k. for example, bananas, our fruit staples, pretty much every child's lunch balls and search. if the, if we collectively don't titled the climate crisis, there will be open arms. the she monitoring costs would be devastating for the guardian communities. but for us, as part of our food security in the global, no, it really matters to us. rich nations had pledged was something like a $100000000000.00 to an annual finance to low income countries affected by the climate emergency. and they've lost the fail to to live up to that promise you any more hopeful now off the top 26. know yes,
1:55 am
i'm afraid my so short on the pledges are still there. i'm for them. but the money isn't cheap for me. and this is why we in fact trade are campaigning for this 100000000000 promised to be met. the promise was made years ago and it still hasn't arrived and it needs to be a $100000000000.00 every year to help low income countries in the global south adapt and mitigates against climate change. and like i said, just with myself, clumping on it, it's happening today. the pledges are still not made that from to 1000000000, you know, come to life various places, but the number is way below the 100000000000. neither saying it they may start next year. maybe the 2023 is the latest i've heard. the problem is it's, it's also, even when the money is pledged, even if it's found, it then needs to be put into the hands of the people on the front line. and in many agricultural countries, those are the farmers themselves, too often the money doesn't actually get into their hands and they need it so they
1:56 am
can invest in what's needed on the farms to be able to mitigate against the climate crisis or what, what are the companies that you work with doing to, to, to help the farmers to provide the support that they need. well, i think federal is an example of hope actually. so as i said, we are a coalition of farmers, consumers, campaigners and businesses. and we will involved in cops this year, the, there is a pledge which $27.00 leading companies around the world have signed, which said that they will span by farmers as part of the the, the way they think about mitigating durn carbon footprint. when the logic is, you know, if you want, if you're investing in food, if you're, if you're in the food business, you have to recognize that farmers need a for income. it all begins with trust and poverty. i'm afraid. so farmers have the financial wherewithal, the working capital to invest in mitigating on their farms. they will not be able to withstand the climate crisis. so the leading to businesses that we work with,
1:57 am
global brands like bet in jazz. we're also working with very many of the retailers around the world in the u. k. the cart, wait, try as signs and so on. they are committed to seeing. i feel like a holistic approach where, where in order to mitigate their own carbon impacts, they have to recognize the weakest financially in the chain too many times, but farms. so what they're saying is they will, they see paying the farmers, they tries as a very important 1st step of ensuring that there is working capital investment in those farms. and of course, with that, what happens is federal producers and the experts, you know, they know what they're doing. they're also entrepreneurs are not passive beneficiaries in this. so they are using the extra capital, but come through fair trade to invest in their businesses better irrigation, better soil management. that's something that's why there is of labs for nursery. so they can grow carbon climate resisting crops. they're looking at a far station as well as reforestation,
1:58 am
a load of enterprising activities which would be really taught impossible problem. so there is hope that just needs be taken to a very big scale, which is why the $100000000000.00 a year from government is needed. michael, many thanks indeed for being with us on counting the cost really good to talk to you. thank you. and that is our show for this week. don't forget if you want to comment on anything that you've seen, you can treat me on that. a finnegan on swiss f, please use the hash tag a j c t c. when you do or you control panel, i'm counting the cost of algebra dot net email address is plenty more few online, out of here dot com slash c t. c. that takes you straight to our page. you'll find a time episodes for you to catch up with that. is it for this edition of counting the cost on adrian again for the whole team here and how, how, thanks for being with us. 30 years when i was a 0, i blue
1:59 am
from the shoals of the red sea storage, a clean, more type is a global problem. i'm pull manage the major. but in jordan, this team, a theme of climate change it to the peaks of the himalayas, where water conservation looks like this dazzling solutions to find the world's most precious resource. in the next episode of arthritis, we look at what is being done december. i toys on al jazeera november will fever, gary, and vote in a 3rd parliament re election. this year, public outcry over widespread corruption brought down former prime minister boy kept herself but finding a replacement as proof problematic. will it be 3rd time lucky in the bulgarian election, special coverage on al jazeera. it's the world's most populous democracy. diverse dynamic and undergoing momentous,
2:00 am
seen context. india dixon in depth. look at the people and politics of india. exploring how the coven 19 pandemic struck the nation. it's continuing impact and the lessons learned for the future. join me fade as those are for context india. and alex is eda ah steve balance charged with contempt of congress. the former chief strategist to president donald trump is refusing to testify as part of the investigation. it's storming of the u. s. capital ah. hello, i money inside this is out. is there a lie from doug? ha, also coming up into over time, late night talks continue for this. he has called 26 climate summit as country to


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on