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tv   [untitled]    November 18, 2021 2:30am-3:00am AST

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spanish island of palmetto, believe these send the 2 year old died when the roof of this house collapsed. he was reported missing a week ago. a crime revere volcano initially began erupting in september. since then, residents have been allowed to enter the zone to retrieve personal items. ah, i type a quick check of the headlines here on al jazeera medics incidence at least 15 people have been shot dead by security forces during another protest against last month's military takeover. dozens of people have been injured by live fire and tear gas wrestles soda has been out in the streets of the sydney's capital covering the protests here now in the border district, capital hard to and people have started together here around 1 pm. a lot of time, which is the usual practice for this, brought this over. this brought us today is taking place on a work in the usually the brought us these on the, on the weekends and the brother,
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this is the reason that they decided to now hold on to brought us all the working. this is to mark, this is the mental force only to mark the countries. so for the testers were here, this is one of the 3, but there are several other places. 7 are there. this is that those feel the whole thing, protested the girl divorced is fighting, interfere in people. there are 2. we're fighting to to you guys when people are shooting and did, did these 1st damn. the you receptive state has reiterated cool thrust ceasefire in ethiopia. conflict expressing concerns the war could spill over to the horn of africa. antony blinkin made the comments and kenya's capital during the 1st leg of his tour of africa. the u. an invoice of janice don says the eisler filiette in the country has expanded and seems to be present in all provinces. un special representative. deborah lions told the security council that the taliban is
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response is worrying. the warning follows the deaths of at least 10 people in 2 explosions in the capital. cobble eyesore k claim responsibility for both bloss bella. ruth has set up shelters for migrants and refugees stranded on the border with poland. thousands of people trying to reach the e. you have been living in makeshift camps. the world health organization says deaths from cobra 19 have risen 5 percent across europe in the past week. the highest numbers being reported are in russia, britain and germany. a 100000 people have died from a drug overdose in the us over a 12 month period. that's an increase of nearly 30 percent. the cdc says the overdoses are primarily down to opioids with fentanyl involved in more than 60 percent of cases. so those were the headlines and he's continues here now to 0 after counting the cost extension. thanks for watching bye. for now. ah, meet the minimum. a tough is helpful and the daughter decide to quit the run race.
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the thing to live better with less. let's just throw everything away out there will expose the simple living movement aimed at reducing personal consumption credit and plots, and i hope to be happier as a result. a simple life on al jazeera. ah, [000:00:00;00] i hello, i'm adrian said again. this is counting the cost on al jazeera. you'll look at the world of business and economics this week. climate change is reshaping this a hell. food insecurity. coups and the pandemic. a leading to
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a rise in violence and terrors. tens of thousands of people have been displaced as a laken, molly evaporates. what little water there is, is controlled by armed groups including al qaeda at all groups of making a grab for gold, rich land in the region and drought has ravaged the california central valley. the region provides vast amounts of food for the us and for export, but for how much longer $100.00, private and state own fossil fuel companies account for almost 80 percent of historical greenhouse gas emissions. the richest most developed and industrialized countries are overwhelmingly to blame for our climate emergency, but they're unlikely to suffer the most from it. it's areas like this a hell in africa that a suffering the most, an explosive cocktail of climate change. food insecurity. coups and the pandemic, a leading to a rise in violence and terrorism, known as the belt of africa. the cell is a 5000 kilometer, a semi arid territory,
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which stretches from mauritania on the atlantic ocean to eritrea on the red sea. but these other countries in the west africans hell we're going to be focusing on today. martina akita, faso, chad, molly and the jap. now out of 189 countries on the u. n's human development index that looks at income health and education to assess how well economies are doing these nations rank at the bottom of the table. and here's what's contributing to the poor economic performance. temperatures arising one of the half times faster than the global average. and could be 3 to 5 degrees celsius, warmer by 2050. remember, the paris accord hope to keep global warming well below 2 percent. all this is leading to erratic rainfall. the united nations estimates that 80 percent of the health rain fed farmland is affected by degradation,
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which is undermining food production cove. it has pushed the whole region into its deepest recessions since independence. some 1300000 people have been plunged into extreme poverty. with 1400000 young people poised to enter the sally and countries job markets every year with little in the way of opportunity. it's proving to be recruiting ground for extremists will extreme soup in financing themselves through taxes on farmers and trade routes through the sahara. have made a land grabbed for gold rich areas in the tri state area in north patina. faso, which is africa. the 4th biggest producer of gold royces investigation found the tara groups were tapping the $2000000000.00 informal goal trade in mali and nas, yeah, well, outside, interventionist on little to quell a violence 8 years after deploying troops to this a hell to crush your hottest insurgency france has said that it plans to haul its presence. that decision didn't go down well in molly interim, prime minister should well,
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my eager slammed france for its abandonment of molly. it's now seeking support from russia. ok, we have to report for you in a moment. i'll just hear as of address reports from chad on the consequences of shrinking, fertile grazing lands. but 1st, ounces here is nicholas huck. on how climate change has transformed the lake in northern molly into a desert on the edge of tim booked to is a disappearing lake, with the temperatures approaching 50 degrees celsius, vanished into thin air, or the green waters of the mighty lake figure being la modified. i'm a deuce one says it's getting hotter, he's no longer a fisherman. he's witnessed waves of sand gradually take over the waterways. he once sailed for fish. the sea shells from a life that once existed, remain gone. are the mango trees and the green gardens for farming mourns whose smuggler never would attack again? not if it went on with one, there was water on our land, weaker rice and wheat. look at it. now the people, the village, are building natural barriers to stabilize the sand dunes and stop them from moving
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already the sand is dangerously close to their homes. from above, the natural barriers looks like a fishing net cast over the sand and attempt to stop the unstoppable desert dunes have already buried homes. now it's headed for the nearby school. often they do belong thing called up a but a cut sign of you see this sand dune wasn't there before it entered the school from the right. the ground was flat between those 2 blocks. this is a school for almost 400 students. that's an entire generation, a last generation, a generation condemned to flee, or be recruited and more droughts here a rainfall. water has become scars, farmers and herders fight over it. in areas where the mountain state is largely absent arm groups including a kind of control access to water and arable land, giving it only to those willing to join their ranks. the combination of the army conflicts and the effect of climate change is like a death sentence for those population. when the whales are empty,
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i mean people are on as to flee in search of thought that water and there are places where people fight for water. it's a south of counseling between communities to day. 300000 people have fled an area where there was once an abundance of water. the surface of it was once lake like a bean, is hot with an unknown gas in its killing the remaining shrubs. forcing the last people to leave this vanishing oasis in search of a more friendly climate. another victim of climate change, a prized horse, succumbs to the searing heat. here an exhausted lamb was left behind by my greeting. heard for wild animals to deval as his losses. pile up idle muhammad rounds of his cattle and family, and head towards the border with kimbrell. me. well, awful, no, no buffalo would. we are leaving to the pastures,
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greener and the weather's more bearable. the migration will save what's left of my cattle, the drought, and the rising heat of taken so much away from me. he's just trying to cut his losses and recover even if that means risking attacks by bandits book or her arm and corrupt officials as he crosses the chide come road border. mom would you bring expressed the dry period and his losses to continue al serra that must have been but the rains have failed us and the unbearable heat is drying up the little water that we have. it's painful to watch your animals die and there is nothing you can do about it is not sure if you will have any kettle left before the reins return at to say people in this a hell allready living but gloomy future. they say the region continues to see arise in temperatures and p a could get worse if it to them also consider does if i can definitely tell you that in this region, time has in fact run out and it's up to us to act and mitigate the impact volt,
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volt, gross till occupy, like slaves of territory, farther limiting access to water and lead for agriculture. the impact of climate change becomes clear. pastorelli supposed to make a difficult decision to sell of the animals are very low prizes or let them die. and when they bring them to markets like this, they find few people can afford to buy them. i did research, i'll just see that gemini, let's get some analysis with on ella motor on the head of the hell program at the institute for security studies. she joined us via skype from banner co, the capital city of molly, good to be with us on, on. how much of what we've just seen is to do with climate change and how much of it has to do with poor economic management and political instability. all of these factors are definitely paid to these dire situation. on the one hand, climate change is around the very difficult situation
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with a like in the lifestyle of a. however, as ways mentioned, the economy and political governance a, make me the fact that, you know, i mentioned stability has been saving money or a very serious security as it has been waiting on the region for 10 years. now making a, what is behind the rise of the groups? is it lazy of us just to apply the labels extremist or islamist to these groups? this is a very good question. you know, because extreme is really depends on where you start right in this and what we see is
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a variety operating modes and miles on the 100, you have a labeled series environment extremist. we tend to be pushing a reference point. however, at the same time, you have a whole series, a don't have any religion or a bit. so actually is a simplification to look at the security situation as being exclusively about experiences greater walk outside intervention help. francis is currently drawing down troops off to 8 years in the region. is it fair to say that they've had little impact on the violence? well, you know, we don't have to come to factual. so we don't know what things would be looking like
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a now with a what do you know? he said this is a expenditure, but in terms of, you know, political investments, financial investment law lives. also, the situation remains the diner which, which shows the limits the international and external intervention. molly, where you are now looking to, to russia for support, that is not something we should be concerned about. i think that's something that should 1st of all concern and question the traditional military and security. ma'am. the very fact that the government has
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been waiting the prospect of dealing with a company at what would be an extremely high potential. while at the same time, we do have international a sheet that are expensive and that are 3 question about the advocacy of their support as well as in terms of alignment to too many in needs and priorities. at the same time. of course, it's important to keep in mind that the money government has to anything about the so called a company deal and the see me key element. what at the yeah, it's still very much a political game and matt on ella,
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how are the groups operating in the region finance and what is the hold right now over the goal, producing areas? this is another great question. so i don't use operating in the region of our 22, a financial flows as well. one thing we know is that you know, the real cost to legal taxi using that for instance, as well as many of the rules as well as accounting roughly are a part of the local industries that, that these groups operate. we also do have data on the
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presidents and the use my cheese including 2 with which these are using to to get access to material goods and financial class outside the b alcorda linked groups of health talks with authorities in molly and the quino faso of those talks got anywhere, has they been productive this? so i'm a bit of an engineering position on whether or not to a miss a around 2017 with a series of national talks that i can come to the government to explore this option
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. while this is something that study been discussed recently, i see that these talks when i see that the option for such data would remain on the table, the key questions that governments will have to solve included. well, what is there to be discussed, or who exactly are the interlocutors, what are the communication channels to use and send them in? if you're going to get it, the decisions you should also be willing to go or you want versus what we need to meet on, on the table. so what is a potentially bargaining on the last been really going to talk to you on counting the cost money. thanks again for being with us. thank you for 80 percent of our food is grown on 500000000 small farms around the world just to
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one degree increase in global temperatures would hit production by 10 percent. as we've already seen, climate change is having huge consequences in the cell. it's also a problem in the rich world. here's. i'll just rob rentals with a report from california. so how are things going stuff? mike wood is the 3rd generation farmer in california's san joaquin valley. he grows 200 hector's of omen trees. but recently he's been thinking of selling the ranch. yeah. the confederation of sale has been right in the front of the gray matter for quite some time. actually, this dolly is a cornucopia of agricultural plenty rich soil in a benign climate produced a vast bounty of meat, milk, vegetables, fruits, and nuts. but global warming is changing the valley. 2021 was the 2nd try us here on record. while some years are wetter than others, repeated drought strains,
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the capacity of an elaborate system of canals and reservoirs that bring water from far away. it's getting hotter to the valley. he had a record 45 degrees celsius in september, land where fruits, her vegetables might be grown, would be left idle. it's not unusual to see sites like this entire orchards ripped up and ground into mulch. these effects aren't unique to california, china, russia, nigeria, brazil, all over the world have their own localized impacts. but the one thing in common is the global warming is causing those impacts and humans are causing global warming. scientists say some of the world's most important breadbasket regions are also the most at risk of failure due to climate shocks, persistent drought and extreme temperatures here in california and other farming
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regions around the world raise an important question about the future of our species. how can an ever warming planet feed a human population that is expected to grow from 7900000000 today to nearly 10000000000 by mid century? simply expanding farm land won't do. the more forests are cut down the worse global warming gets. science is say, we must adapt or starve. our ability to be able to feed the planet is going to require some wholesale changes, both in how we produce food and how we share food across the planet. is going to require that we probably change our diet and move more towards the plant based science. this is the emitter. mike wood is optimistic, that technology will provide a solution. when i talk about the technology, i'm talking about the ability to produce 50 percent to
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a 100 percent more than we did on the same acre 40 years ago. hope for the future in a time of climate uncertainty. let's get more than on the challenges that farmers face as they deal with climate change. mike will give me as the chief executive of the fair trade foundation, he georgia now via skype from london. good teddy with a michael. tell us something about the impact on the climate change is having on the farmers that you work with. what century does a global coalition of foam as businesses and consumers working together better tail for men and women and lower income countries? see who called the food that we'll rely on every day. and the, the problem is, but the climate change is real and it's happening now. we work with 1800000 farmers and 75 countries around the world. and it's the number one priority. so the challenge we face is the, the positive noises, the,
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the words that are being pledged and cop need to be transferred into action immediately. let me just give you one example of the many we're seeing from around the world amongst affair trade producers in the dominican republic where farmers grew up anonymous for exports to the european markets. there were enormous problems with flooding caused by the climate crisis in type and on farms were flooded in 2016 wiping out the entire crop. and then the following year there were hurricanes just after they'd replanted hurricanes. again went to the cross. now, for farming communities who rely on being able to grow food to export that an incredibly serious problem. and for us consumers that it really matters because in the u. k, for example, bananas, our freed staples, they're in pretty much every child's lunch balls. and so if, if we collectively don't titled the climate crisis,
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there will be open arms. the she monetary cost would be devastating for the garden communities of us. and it's part of our food security in the global. no, it really matters to us. rich nations had pledged was something like a $100000000000.00 to an annual finance to low income countries affected by the climate emergency. and they've lost the fail to to live up to that promise you any more hopeful now off the cop 26. i'm afraid my so short on the pledges are still there, i'm for them, but the money isn't cheap and this is why we in fact trade are campaigning for this 100000000000 promise to be met. the promise was made years ago and it still hasn't arrived and it needs to be a $100000000000.00 every year to help low income countries in the global south and mitigate against climate change. and like i said, just with myself, clumping on it, it's happening today. the pledges are still not made that from to 1000000000,
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you know, come to life various places, but the number is way below the 100000000000. neither saying it they may start next . it may be the 2023 is the latest i've heard the problem is that it's also that even when the money is pledged, even if it's found, it then needs to be put into the hands of the people on the front line. and in many agricultural countries, those are the farmers themselves, too often the money doesn't actually get into their hands and they need it so they can invest in what's needed on the farms to be able to mitigate against the crime crescent or what, what are the companies that you work with doing to, to, to help the farmers to provide the support that they need. well, i think frederick is an example of folk, actually. so as i said, we are a coalition of farmers, consumers, campaigners and businesses. and we will involved in cops this year, the, there is a pledge which $27.00 leading companies around the world have signed,
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which say that they will span by farmers as part of the, the, the way they think about mitigating 3rd carbon footprint. where the logic is, you know, if you want, if you're investing in food, if you're, if you're in the food business, you have to recognize that farmers need a for income. it all begins with trust and poverty, i'm afraid. so farmers have the financial wherewithal, the working capital to invest in mitigating on their farms. they will not be able to respond the, the climate crisis. so the leading to the businesses that we work with, global brands, like ben and jerry, as we're also working with very many of the retailers around the world in the u. k . the court wait shows signs for it. and so they are committed to seeing. i feel like a listing approach where, where in order to mitigate their own carbon impacts, they have to recognize the weakest financially in the chain too many times, but farms. so what they're saying is they will, they see paying a farm. they fair price as a very important 1st step of ensuring that there is working capital investment in
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those farms. and of course with that, what happens is federal producers on the experts, you know, they know what they're doing. they're also entrepreneurs and passive beneficiaries in this. so they are using the extra capital, but come through fair trade to invest in their businesses better irrigation, better soil management setting is there is of labs for nursery, so they can grow carbon us, right climate resisting crops. they're looking at a foreign station as well as reforestation, a load of enterprising activities which would be a total past the problem. so there is hope that just needs be taken to a very big scale, which is why the $100000000000.00 a year from the government is needs. man, michael, many thanks to you for being with us on counting the cost really good to talk to you. thank you. and that is our show for this week. don't forget if you want to comment on anything that you've seen, you can tweak me on that a 2nd on twitter, please use the hash tag a j c t c. when you do, or you can drop
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a line counting the cost of our net email address is plenty more few online here dot com slash ctc. that takes you straight to our page. you'll find the time episode speed to catch up with that is it for this edition of counting? the cost on adrian said again for the whole team here. and so thanks for being with us. 30 years and i was 0, i ah and oh, the land of the free. if you are black or a criminal, you are someone who is supposed to shut up in excess. what america gives you
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a new episode of democracy may be explored racial conflict, ethnic politics and inequality in the united states. they get upset if you say all lives, because they want to focus on what we had a dream on al jazeera, tens of thousands of children were born into or lived under the iceland regime in iraq and syria. now, many are in camps, either orphans all with a widowed mothers, rejected by their own communities, chicken length. people are going to welcome them after that. of course, mom and you documentary his, that chilling and traumatic stories for the children throw stones at me. iraq's last generation on al jazeera, setting, the discussions, what is greenwashing is when an oil company talks green, but at 30 unflinching journalism, are you committed to building a vibrant democratic? i've got to stop sharing personal stories with
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a global audience. our minifee had no idea what was happening on the shuffle, but i could see the body bag explore and abundance of well trash programming. climate change is another principle. if the issue of survival on al jazeera, ah, a crackdown in sudan leaves at least 15 people dead after police fly alive, browns, and tig jasa protested ah, hello, i'm down. jordan, this is al jazeera ally from dough are also coming up the u. s. sector of state


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