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tv   [untitled]    December 27, 2021 11:30pm-12:01am AST

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and sit back, relax in your own private space, and let us take care of everything. catera weighs, the airlines you can rely on, ah, hello and barbara sarah in london. these are the top stories on al jazeera, the man coordinating the nuclear talks between world powers and they ran, says that he remains hopeful for a positive result within weeks. the 8 round of talks resumed earlier in vienna after a 10 day break. there are concerns that time to renegotiate. a deal could be running low with issues the far dividing iran and the u. s. the european union's representative says both countries, key demands of lifting sanctions and upholding commitments can be worked on in tandem. we have came elaine loan ways is the beginning of the negotiation. now we
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have incorporated this is david to sort a new iranian government. so from the point of view to coordinator, we are exactly at the point where we should be, if we want to get the final and successful resolved. if we work heart the days and weeks ahead, we should have a positive result. because again, we are exactly what the mine of the coordinator. we should be to get that to success. the result, it's going to be very difficult. it's going to be very hot. iraq's supreme court has ratified october's parliamentary election results. demonstrators clashed with security forces near the federal court, which earlier rejected an appeal to overturn the result they support it rained in fact, she abuse, which suffered heavy losses in the vote. and the ledge irregularities shia cleric must have a saw. that is the election biggest winner talks are expected to take place soon to
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form a coalition go. somali as political crisis has deepened with the country's prime minister, accusing the president of an attempted coup. president abdulla from azako sideline, the prime minister mohammed, who st. roblis on allegations of corruption, but the prime minister says his suspension is a violation of the country's laws. fighting between me and mars military and ethnic had an armed groups as continued close to the tie border around 5000 people have crossed from me and mar across the river attire, for it is an f. now put barbed wire on the bank in order to de turned the morn. all those stories on the al jazeera news hour that's coming up in just under half an hour. coming up next though, al jazeera correspondent continues. thank you for watching. i'll see soon, bye. ah my grandfather mackie read not the scheme was well known for working with the
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contract is he competed for the chance to design and build the new apollo spacesuits. one company i l. c. dover went to great lengths with the publicity stunt that showed their suit playing american football and winning the nasa contract by a touchdown. nicholas html show has extensively researched the development of the stage in his book space suit fashioning apollo. but he tells me that in the early sixty's, i elsie dave who was a comparatively small company, best known for making women's underwear under the brand name, play text. even at the time, people in nasa called plaintext, i'll say partially as a, as a cult. like we could call someone by their nickname, partly as a kind of like, can you believe we're dealing with plato clear? despite the company's lack of experience making protective clothing. they're flexible and highly intricate design made a clear winner and incredibly after they won than as
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a contract. skilled seamstresses who had previously been sewing browse and girdles were moved to the painstaking job of assembling the policy space seats. because the suit ended up being put together out of $21.00 layers of fabric. a not like $21.00 layers of public just cutter cut out like a like a sandwich and some together. um. but actually 21 different suits. put one inside of the other like a russian doll and then um, sewn to a 643 inch torrance without any pins because the pins high puncture the pressure layer of this was a kind of artillery and nor olympic feet of sewing. and to find people who could do it, they looked to the sowers, they recalled that they already employed her. of course, on a brown girdle side i even, i was like 2 sides of the same warehouse. and then these women who are the ones who put the seats together and actually figured it out and there were no drawings all of the suits. there was no kind of schematic drawing that told you how to put to
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put it together. the knowledge was really only in the fingertips of these women. nicholas says that during the research for his book and my grandfather's name came not often because he often does that it doesn't come up or is it something that was it? was it mat romanovs case? something that, that seem to be very influential. yeah. oh, because in fact, the particular role that my reading of all these documents is, is that there to people kind of people in any organization. they're the people who for the roles and the people who get things done and allow for rules to be mostly followed. and i think that your grandfather's seems to me to be definitely in the latter camp. i mean, he was in this the conflict and the egos around this were. i mean, planetary scale, you had the most public geopolitical event of the late 1960 s. you had all of national prestige. amr on the line. nobody want to be the person to screw it. are
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you sorry? my impression is that he was an absolute pain in the ass when he needed to be. and that he was a charming when he needed to be. and as i say in, in these situations who need these ring master fingers who are able to, to channel and shepherd, the energies of organizations to produce productive results. and, and your grandfather definitely seems like one of the most important ones when it came to all the things which actually kept us shorts alive. which in many ways were the most important things. a whole many of my heroes from the apollo program and no longer with us. so finding people he can tell me what it was like to design the suit that man wore to walk on. the moon isn't easy. but for my, i'll see engineer john shibel still has an extraordinarily bright mind and a passion for engineering. he's kept him in bed that he liberated from. i'll see when he retired and it's amazing. come face to face with such an iconic object is exactly what you guys as i know managed by neil armstrong and basil jin young. she
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woke on the me this is the apollo booth in remote ah listen and various pictures on the footprint on the moon. when it came to the big moments in a paula, i'm talking about obviously the moon landing when, when everyone, when i guess that was the real test, wasn't it the e v a and apollo 11 of the suit that you guys had designed every one of our employees was in the plante and washed the landing on a television every, every person, every person that worked there was midnight and we were all in the plant. after the landing, i remember is kind of sentimental for me. but after the lanny and it was all over and it's probably 2 o'clock in the morning or how looked up the
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delirious so and that was like i said, that was the motion that and it was proof that we did it right. or john has, has seen his school, my boss, him a ream, suits their space today. so i've taken the opportunity to get them together. when i me, how much took like his experiences working on the apollo program. how did you feel when that moment came when buzz and neil stepped out of the spacecraft, we saw what this was. i mean, this is the world looking at all i all see suit and then thing that, that, that was difficult. is it the power level was the systems test, the soon had good run through door building testing here at our,
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in our laboratories. we were called for the store building the systems test was apollo logan and the only problem it was real and it was on the moon and i just couldn't wait for it to get over. it all worked out pretty good except they got a hit on the timeline and was all on bill daredevil as he is, he decides to reinvent some more stuff and he's jumping around out there and i'm thinking get it back to inside. i mean, this is over glaring a success and get back and lemme, lemme, you know, and he's out there doing some more stuff. he was just caught up in a moment, but it all, it all worked out. ok. phone, the crew systems engineers, joe mcmann and larry bow vividly remember what it was like to welcome side grampa his body. my discovery of an i kept him from an old b b. c documentary about nasa, coupled with joe and laurie stories have,
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gives him my fast insight into what grandpa is like to have around the office, matthew, red mosquito that space suit design. and we have to define how he's going outside in the event that the man were to go outside on a completely self contained quote of a life support system. then some changes would have to be made. you have to have a pack on his back would have to have a pack on his back on the pack would have to be contained ah, devices, chemicals from and to tell me what it was like to work with. matt. read not ski. my grandpa was he, i met. yeah. tell me about him. he was a character. i love you start there. really interesting. we sometimes referred to me as the mad rush and this because he'd get all upset. somebody didn't do what he wanted or do it as well. i was telling you earlier this piece a 4 by 4 woodland on his desk and a big survival machete. got upset with me to start chopping on that block people downstairs calling us, would you knock it off? man? i can't hear down. i had an experience in the same gemini program when,
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when the crewman complained that their communication system would slide around and in the helmet, they couldn't get to it to just it. and i was having a meeting in the office but how we can fix it. and he walks in as to which annisa, i don't know what the number was like a p, j 7. what a british communications cap he knew about these british flying calves because he'd been over there in war and had flown with them and knew what it was. we took it apart and uses a pattern to make what was referred to later as the snoopy cap could had the brown, the earth white spandex down the middle of a kind look like a snoopy dog, from the cartoon, and referred to an apollo programs, a snoopy cat, but he was want to got that in started tell us that what we needed. tell me what it was like at the time then to be working and kristin's. what was grandpa like? when matt walked into a room, he totally filled it. he was single minded, he was totally focused, and anybody around, no matter who you worked for by the organization chart. if matt had
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a job or do you work for matt, and one thing about him, he could break into the most be a terrific smile. he had the greatest smile i ever saw. it was just, it was like the sun coming up behind. the cloud was humbly who changed from this photo. totally focused driven guy on somewhat somewhat striking. and his voice would soften and he had a smile. so he was, he was a, a volatile guy. he was, he was a genius. it was a james. and he, i don't think his contributions will ever be fully appreciated. the styles of the space race, of course, with the asking the american public correct. this. he followed every detail that i feel amorous lifestyle, but the glare of the media spotlight of an obscure the dangers of traveling in the space. and crucial partnership between the men who built the seats and the ones he wore them asked, you know, it's jim lovell is better than anybody was. it was like to trust the crew systems
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team with his life, or what he shows me around next, submission of artifacts from his 3 flights into space. he tells me how he and his crew bought his most famous missions. apollo 13 back on the brink of disaster have won. thanks in part to the ingenuity of the nasa engine is on the ground. one of our big graces was the fact that ah, of their 3 people had a live in the lunar module. because the command module was dead in the lunar module, environmental system had only a couple of canisters to remove the carbon dioxide because the lamazzo was designed only get me powered up once we're in lunar orbit and it was designed to last only 2 days. i for only 2 people, and of course when they explosion occurred or was least a 4 day flight ah ad, there were 3 people at castle, clearly the canisters to remove the carbon dioxide were becoming saturated. and
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therefore we had to go into the dead command module and get the canisters so that environmental system to try to see if we could recall jury rig those canisters to work in the little module system. unfortunately, the casters in the command module were square. the ones that were using below modul war route and we did it with duct tape, one piece of plastic cardboard cover from a flight manual animal soc. and that's how we got that thing into the environmental system. i'll the little module so that i will remove the carbon dioxide, which is a perfect example of the ingenuity of the over people of crew systems. cuz it, cuz systems had done that, people working together to figure out how that had to be done. there were only 8 human beings still alive, who set foot on the main is an incredible privilege to get to meet one of them.
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charlie g. lunar module pilots, apollo 16. he spent more than 20 hours on the lunar surface with his fellow astronaut john young. put us in your, in your boots as it were, when you walk on the man, can you feel free sample? the texture of the surface they walk you on? can you feel any he or do you really feel very isolated? well, once she got outside, you couldn't feel this fixture. in fact, you, i don't even recall my, my, me seeking in. but when you turned around, you saw your footprints you left around our landing site. probably an inch, maybe 2 inches depression. but with the moon boot on an a suit boot, you could not feel the texture was not like walking on the beach. in barefoot, the worry in the space suit on, on the moon is heat stroke, body heat,
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then you have to illuminate that body heat through our liquid cool garment that we had. and that worked really good. and so uh, we had minimum cooling, intermediate cooling and maximum coolie when you were riding in the rover. intermediate cooling was to calling a glitch like freezing in the soup. so you had to turn back to minimum. but when you got out and you started working, you had to go back to the medium setting. i felt secure. i never had a fearful slap except once when i fell over backwards towards the end of our stay on the moon. and we were excited, we'd done a good job and accomplished everything except for one experiment. and so john and i were going to do the moon olympics. and then i jumped in the hydra. so john said, well, we're running behind houston and we're going away. we're gonna do
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a moon or olympic so he starts to bales. and so i start to bounce and then i gave a big jump. and when i did unfortunately, i straightened out in my center of gravity, went backwards and i were on nuclear seem real to be just going over back. i was like, it's very scary because if i land the backpack brakes, i done for i got a bearish goes, a tv camera was pointed right at me in, so they'd seen this stupid high job. they were very upset by the way, so that ended the moon olympics i said no more that get back in gas. and so john park, the rover, i climbed in, and that was the end of our stay being one of the, i think just a dozen people ever had the chance to stand on the moon and, and look at the earth. did that change your perspective of life? on earth, where we stood on the moon, the earth was directly overhead. and my 1st thought,
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when we 1st got here was we're a long way from home. there. if you're just out there and it's you covered over with your in those views of earth, hung up in the blackness to space, no borders, no countries, no continents. and then you do have some time to reflect well, the engine is designing the space suit may be didn't realize was that they were also creating a cultural icon. today, the image of the apollo astronauts has become instantly recognizable the wild over like me, author nasa, consultant and space flight historian. amy title wasn't even born yet during the polar project, but she's captured a 21st century audience detention with her popular youtube videos with expo aspects of what she calls, vintage space sat that we're looking at today on vintage space. i want to get amy's
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take away space systems, not too big part of the public imagination. and why the space suit is found everywhere, from advertising to even fancy dress can, will to take your own to frontier that you hand in boy that he may. i did. i think i'm gonna dress caroline up in some fun space here a while with space. her graham has had a massive impact on modern culture and it is exactly that sort of the prevalence of the image of the astronaut e. c. everywhere. affiliated with anything, it's sort of become the one thing like everyone recognizes an answer in a big, bulky space suit. usually the apollo era white one. and everyone recognizes a rocket, but somehow those 2, those 2 things and really mainly the suit because it's that human. like we, we see we can see ourselves in a seat, right?
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you can put, you can put that on. you could be extra but what i want to do now is get inside a real space, eat and feel for myself what it's actually like. as an independent company in new york, what final frontier design? it's run by american ted southern and his russian colleague, nickel, i'm, we see that creating a suit that she has some technology with the current russian seemed the suck wholesale, which is you last notes traveling to the international space station. canadian astronaut commanded chris hatfield. whew, the so called sea during his file ship into space, where he became famous for his city on board, the international space station to sleep. mm. is say he shows me around a circle say like the one he flew in. we're, i'm a bit nervous about being completely enclosed inside a precious seat. so i want to know from his perspective, what a space suit is actually like to where the russian suit is very,
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very elegantly simple, very purpose designed. the suit that i wore on the shuttle much more robust because you have to actually be able to jump out and come down under a parachute in it. so it has to be a little more rugged suit than, than the, than the russian suit. but they both do their job well, i wouldn't where either of them recreation either. they are uncomfortable, hot rubber. no non compliant, garments to work. so it's not too much different say to putting on a big heavy, wet suit and a scuba tank and a snorkel and fins and mask, you know, that's an ungainly thing to be wearing and you wouldn't want to be wearing and walking around right here. but once you go into the water, it feels different but natural, and it allows you to spend an hour under water that otherwise would be completely denied you. so there's sort of that girding your loins feeling of putting all this stuff on. so that then you can go do battle with something that otherwise would,
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would defeat you at last, the time has come to try out the final frontier seats. this is one of the key moment in this journey for me and understanding what it feels like because you can look at it. i can look that lay down in the table space you as an tops and material as many times as you like. but when you are in it you, your body is covered once i'm visor in front of you, i think that is over the face experience. and the moment when you can understand what people like my grandfather were working with creating i feel like a little kid. i'm like, like christ hatfield. ah me.
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oh, i came to me through a series of physical challenges. some of which i probably struggled with at the best of times. i'm beginning to understand the engineering challenge involved in making a suit of fabric, but to enable the person to walk on the moon, especially given the technology of the 1960 looking back at everything that was required to make me state nicholas the more she was right, when he said that grandpa was a ring master for all the different engineering egos that poured themselves into that effort. it takes the big personality to be able to thrive in that environment . i think he sounds like a bit of a mentalist sometimes. and i like that because it makes me feel a bit crap that you know, that makes me feel close to him. realizing with actually he could be kind of paying
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him. yeah. and he was a bit wait, sometimes i'm here. cool. people in the middle, the nights because he was really excited and wants to talk about it right now. and i love that because that's sort of the person i am a bit as well. and that's what makes me feel close to him. not realizing that i want someone to tell me that he was actually really irritating, sometimes because i'm really irritating sometimes. and that makes me feel closer to him. much right, not his daughter, mountie barbara, still lives in houston, texas. the daylight on as part of the research to this film, and she's been looking to old paperwork and photographs from that time. my grandpa died when he was 68 years old. just 3 years after i was born in the u. k. he only saw me twice and wanted to visit again, but his house finally failed him. i wish i could have interviewed him to this film . what you don't know is that your effort to do this, your effort, caroline, to find out about your grandfather is exactly the way
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matt would act and would hope and dream that you would act. because we spoke a lot the weeks before he died and he knew that he was not well, and he was 68 and he felt his time was coming. he really wanted a heart transplant but couldn't qualify. and so he was planning a trip with me to see you when he died. and your actions in learning about him is just what he'd want. that was his. that was his great love and you're the youngest. and he really wanted you to know about it. he really wanted to visit you as i come close to the end of my journey of discovery about grandpa in the space
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suit. i've got a new understanding and respect the work of nasa and all those who played that part in putting man on the moon. for me and my family. we have one ensuring personal legacy to remember grandpa by an icon of the 20th century. this is the apollo, see it? this is pretty much the real deal. i mean, this is the real deal. this is walks my grandfather and his colleagues. designs. what i'll see during the maids and what the crew own apollo war to walk on the moon . in many ways, this was graham paused, laced, famous legacy. this was his child. and the man he wore this came back to us safely. and that was because of nasa cru systems aisles. he, dover,
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and grandpa program on a rite of passage present to the generation. my cousin was laying down there was claiming she was helpless. the woman who, after indoors of go so far, told of pain for what fat manime meets the women affected by f g m. and those re shaping perception. do think people will abandon the site eventually. but to the state, al jazeera correspond the con ah, [000:00:00;00]
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with, [000:00:00;00] with hello there, let's have a look at the weather in australia. and you can see from the satellite image that dense cloud lingering over the top and not bringing heavy rain and thunderstorms to
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northern areas. by the time we get into wednesday, we're going to see a lot of that wet and windy weather sweeping to northern areas of queensland. we could see up to 250 millimeters of rain fall in places. of course that brings a flood risk and that whether leads into storms and showers across western areas, we're going to have on and off rain for sidney's through to the weekend. the temperature is expected to get down here. but my cases, like adelaide and melbourne in the southeast, we are seeing warmer weather, come into play, we've got high pressure in charge here. and of course for the west, it remains very hot and sunny heat wave conditions continuing in per but the temperature will dip down by, by the time we head to the weekend, you'll be touching into 13 with lots of sunshine and settled weather. now it's going to be more settled across new zealand from wednesday. but on tuesday we got rounds of rain rolling up from the south island to the north, getting pretty heavy near gibbon. by the time we get to wet and stay,
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there will be some spells of sunshine showers expected the temperature and christ church sitting at 18 degrees is looking more settled up in the north. ah. i care about how the us engages with the roof of the world. we're really interested in taking you in to a point you might not visit otherwise and feel that you were there. ah, this is al jazeera ah, hello, and barbara sarah. this is the al jazeera news, our life from london. thank you for joining us, coming up in the next. that 60 minutes fighting between me and mars, military and ethnic arm to groups intensifies thousands. flea across the border into thailand,


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