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tv   Talk to Al Jazeera Inger Ashing  Al Jazeera  January 16, 2022 10:30pm-11:01pm AST

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an expected and so many people are watching this tournament from a safe distance. more in everything we're covering where i am al jazeera dot com. also lots of a comment in analysis there that takes you behind that lines. ah main stories. now. it's more than 36 hours since the soon army ripped across the pacific island nation of tonga. there's still very little information coming out from there on the water volcano option that triggered the sin army could be the most powerful explosion of its kind in 30 years flood waters, of course, significant damage across the country. a fiber optic cable connecting it to the rest of the world is thought to be broken, which means communications could be down for weeks. it's an army alert stretched across the pacific ocean with 2 women reported to have ground in peru.
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bangladesh is reporting a sharp rise in covert infections, cases of tripled in a week with almost 3 and a half 1000 detected on saturday. most of the new cases have been registered in the capital dak, our government has introduced new restrictions to try to control the spread of the virus. novak jokers, which has been deported from australia, the men, some one tennis player last a last ditch caught appeal to overturn the cancellation of his visa. the australian government argued that the unvaccinated players presence could fuel anti vaccine sentiment. sarah clark has more from brisbin on sunday and a special federal court hearing in melbourne or the chief justice of the federal court. james also ruled that australia, immigration minister was within his rights to cancel his visa. now this was a unanimous decision before the full bench, which consisted of 3 judges. and due to the urgency of the matter,
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the judges ruled that they would not release the grounds for the decision just yet that would be released at a later date. now doctor, which was to play in australia open on monday evening. obviously his children shot at that a strain title, his 10th potentially could have been his tent tidal that's now out as well as his hopes for his 21st a grand slam arshebra. his claim responsibility for suspected suicide bomb explosion in the somali capital market issue. a government spokesman was injured in the attack photographer at the scene in the capital. mogadishu said he saw body parts scattered outside the home of mohammed. abraham miley moved before he was taken to hospital al, shout fight is linked to al qaeda at crime responsibility from many attacks in somalia and in neighboring countries. out save the children's chief executive in ashing. is the guest on talk to al jazeera that's next ah
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ah. from the middle east to central and south asia to africa, hundreds of thousands of children keep paying potentially, the highest price as armed conflict and instability. continue to spread. according to the u. n. last year brought a spate of grave violations against children in conflict zones across the globe. and the projections for 2022 are not very promising. despite decades of advocacy by n g o, one of those international organizations, it saved the children. it works to improve children's lives around the world,
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ensuring they have health care, food, and shelter, as well as learning and protection services when children need it most. but to many of those in need and jia was, have failed to successfully make a difference in their lives. seed the children has not been exempted from this criticism. it seo, anger, ashing recently traveled to breaking a fast so as many minor is living in the central sal region. faith, the risk of illegal recruitment by non state armed groups. and that's where we caught up with her. in graphing, chief executive officer of saved the children, talks to al jazeera ah anger rushing theo of save the children international. thank you for talking to al jazeera. now we're in walker do with a capital of burkina faso. and beyond that, this capital, there's an increasing violence. com. like that's at play. what's happening? i mean, this is a place that even journalists are not being able to access the north of the country
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. central. molly, we've seen terrible attacks. what's going on in these areas, you've just visited those sites. what we see is an increased escalation of violence and in the insecurity and huge number of people have been forced to flee. that because of the violence, we have over 1400000 just internally displaced people in the country. so it is a real, real challenge here. and it's something that this country hasn't experienced before . so it's really difficult for the, for children and families around we are doing a lot to try to respond and working in close partnership with the government nationally, regionally the provinces with local partners to make sure that we are responding to the increasing needs of children in terms of accessing those that are displaced, are you able to access those that need your help? there are certain agencies that have been withdrawn their ability to to, to operate here in brooklyn for so have you been able to work with those that
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needed the most? yes, we still have access to these areas and i do think it is because of our long presence in the country. we've been here for 40 years and also a very good relationship with the government and the fact that we're working through local partners that we do have access and we are trying to to respond by making sure that we are providing education already before the crisis. the more than 50 percent of the children in this country were out of school, i'm due to to the increased violence. many, many children are facing a situation where schools are closing and they have no access. so we are having programs in different parts of the country to try to respond to sing. half of the children and breaking faso are currently not in school before the situations escalated, conflict, 50 percent were out of school. what are the consequences to that? that means that, i mean school, we know that education is the most important thing for children,
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both to protect them now, but also for the future. so lack of access to education will mean that they are at greater risk of child marriage. and that's already a big challenge in this country that it's over 50 to 52 percent being married before the before the 18th birthday. and a lot of them before the 15th birthday. so if it's an increased risk for child marriage is increased risk for poverty and it also means that we are robbing them of, of their future. now we've met some children who are displaced now. we want to do who in school and they tell us that their schools are systematically targeted by groups and just isolate affiliate or al qaeda affiliates, and that teachers are being gun down. but more than that, what was, what some of the children are telling us is that children are sometimes being recruited by armed groups. hard to explain that, again, it is a real talent and conflict that the children are trying to recruit children. and
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one of the biggest things that we can do, or one of the most important things we can do to try to protect them is to offer them proper education. because that is something that will keep them protected and have them being able to focus on something else. but it is a big issue and, and we talked about it with government when in some of the meetings that i have there, they are very concerned about the situation. and so are we. but we do know that the main respond that we should put in place is practice education. is the government doing that? are they actually reopening schools in the areas where children needed the government? in my view, i mean the people i've met are really, really, really committed to, to try to support and help children in this country and the local district directors for education, for humanitarian affairs. i've also had a meeting with the president. so i do think that there's a genuine commitment to do this, but it's incredibly difficult and this is
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a poor country that's already struggling. but with the help of organizations like say the children, they are doing it. and we are, we have opened a number of schools and we are supporting them. there seems to be a waiver discontent among many young people throughout the hell and countries in the hell. in areas where the population are mostly young people and their leaders are sometimes above the age of 70. there's almost seem to be a generational gap between the leaders of these countries and this population here . and a lot of this satisfaction in terms of what their governments are doing, but not just government is also dissatisfaction towards the aid, 8 industry and the dialogue that there is one young lady with. we're saying that you know, that people hear this a hell or in africa. don't need more aid. they need partnership. now, you're a big organization. see, the children have been, as you said, have been around for a long time. what role do you have to play in this?
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i absolutely, i think they're right it's, it's about building long term partnerships. and that is what we as an organization do that we do partner with local organizations. and if we talked about the displace people in dory, i mean we work through local organizations in dory. we work with a government enjoy. and i think that's the only way that we could and should engage us as part of the 8 industry. and there's a lot of conversations and very good conversations about the need for us to localize our responses. and that there will be a huge shift here in the coming years and how we respond to unitarian crisis and how we work in the long term development. and they will have to be through partnerships in the countries where we work. because our only ambition aim is to make sure that we are creating a future for the children in booking fossa helen elsewhere. and we can only do that by investing in relationships locally beyond this relationship. i mean,
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this is something that the aide industry has done before in the past. what has changed to genuinely, you know, when, when you speak to young people here and they see these, you know, save the children or other agencies in the big s u, v. 's coming by, taking a few pictures and then leaving. there's a lot of resentment towards that. what are you going to do to change that? i think one of the absolute most important things is again to, to work in partnerships and, and truly show that that is what you do. we are not here to help them. we are here to support them to help them. so i think that's an important difference where we're not leaving. we've been here for 40 years. we will continue to be here. and we are in many parts of this country responding to the, to the, to the needs. and the majority of our staff are local people, i mean, people from faster and that is the way it should be so. so we are not one of these organizations that come in dr. pulse and then leave and,
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and not in this country. and nowhere. now it's become increasingly difficult for, for save the children, other agencies to work in certain areas, certain countries, whether it be, if even here in burkina faso, the government has provoked the, you know, the ability for some agencies to operate and in other parts of the world given this, this shrinking of space for you to operate, how do you do it? how? what can you do? what is your margin of maneuver? shrinking space is an absolute challenge for the whole sector. and we see that increasingly in most parts of the world and it is a real challenge and the lack of unitary access will put millions and millions of people's lives in danger. so i don't think we, i mean, you can't underestimate the threat of that means. but for us, it is through being a true posters and, and respectful pos are in the countries the way we work that we will make sure that
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we have the, the right relationship to maintain access. there's also a lot of conversations within the i n g o sector about how we collectively can challenge this and how we can get members say that are more open and democratic to, to influence the p. s, and have the un engaged, et cetera. but this is one of the biggest challenges we're facing. lack of access to help in places like if janice down came up with a report quite recently that the health system is on the verge of collapse. what are the consequences to that and how do you work with, with those in power and afghan is tend to reach those in need of chemist on is of course a very recent and difficult situation where all almost every i in jo, how to close down when the taliban took over, we were working very much in partnership with a previous governments. and i've got
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a lot of the the projects we have the programs that we do, we doing government schools, et cetera. so with the taliban empower that sort of course means that we need to assess and, and look at what can we do now? and what is our ability to program in a country like africa. but we got to get the taliban. they were empowered before and i think we and many other organizations have been working during taliban rule before. so i think it's not impossible to do, but if it's different. and there's a couple of really core values that we will not compromise with. we will not compromise when it comes to our ability to have fema, for example, for our ability to still reach goals, because we know that they are the most vulnerable in afghanistan and elsewhere. so and we have opened up our work in a couple of provinces in upcoming them, but it's, it's a lot of negotiations, a lot of difficult situations and conversations needed to coming back to here where
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we are in the sales. whether it be molly burkina, faso, or new air, what are the projects? what are you doing in these areas where iso affiliate or al qaeda affiliates are operating? how are you able to operate there and what exactly are you doing there? so the 3 things that we do in this region, but also and the rest of the world is focused on education, access to education, because that is, as i said before, one of the core interventions that we can and should take to, to make sure that children have a future. the other thing is around protection, and that is, for example, making sure that schools are safe and we are working a lot of international agreements around the state for school declaration that we are advocating hard to, to get governments and warring parties are great too. so that they will not attack schools and that they are safe for children. we are working very much with gender based violence, child marriage and things like that. chris, we do know that increased conflict and lack of access to education will lead to
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increase in child marriage. and this region is absolutely one of the worst regions in the world when it comes to child marriage with over 50 percent in this country. being married before the 18th birthday. we also work on, on the health and nutrition because we know that the fit i'm looking for. so it's also a country where there's a huge increase in fuel food insecurity. and if we look at africa, the food insecurity situations, i mean it was 60 percent increase in food insecurity in the regions last year. so it seems so it's going from bad to worse and, and in terms of the, you're both dealing with both a humanitarian situation, but also operating in a conflict zone for children. what does that mean? i mean, children. i think for them of course, of course, that this country has been facing a lot of challenges even before the conflict and with the conflict. the situation is getting worse in every area. i would say with more children being out of school
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more children being married early food insecurity and lack of future. i think for children, what we need to do is to provide me to help and make sure that they get access to what they need to survive and be educated, but also investing long term solutions. because i think we talked about how the world is changing and i'm thinking space and the increased human. it's her in crisis in the world and, and what i'm worried about it, but we are focusing so much on the human retiring crisis that we forget the long term development and going back to afghanistan. i mean, with all the governments redrawing the support to the government, we talk about billions of dollars and the human response will only be a small, small percentage of that. so that is an absolute to do both the long term investments and the human. it's erin responses, and i think that that's the way that we are creating a future for children between the promises made by rich country and their actual fulfillment there's, there's
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a huge gap. they promise billions of dollars. but in reality, maybe there's a $100000000.00 or something like that. i mean, this, this, this gap in funding. first of all, why is it happening? why they not fulfilling their commitments? and what consequences does that have in terms of children who need help? the funding office is an absolute challenge. why they are not fulfilling their promises? i think you need tell them due to corporate conflict and, and the climate crisis. we see that a lot of the progress we seen in the last 20 to 25 years on our reversed. so the situation has never been serious us today. and that is what we're telling them. we are telling them about the situation being bod, even before covalent climate and conflict, and that is only becoming worse. so i think we have a very strong case because we have millions of hundreds of millions of children out
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of school worldwide. we have the worst food insecurity, crisis that we've ever seen coming in many countries around the world. and as i talked about before, that the number of children being married as children is, is also increasing and 22000 children every year die every year because of early child birth and 60 children a day. know, in terms of child marriage and even trafficking, there's a lot of trapping of young girls out of 4. so 2 neighboring countries such as could you well and elsewhere. what are you doing to tackle these issues? i'm going to return to the education of them because that is the answer. but schools are closing down as yeah, but we need to make sure that they are reopening. and we need to make sure that we are giving them temporary education possibilities and options. so that's what we do. i mean, in, in some of the areas where we work,
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we are working with a current schools to make sure that they can take in more of the internally displaced children. but we are also making sure that we are providing non formal or informal education to, to support the children that do not have access to school or to support them and work more. but but, but also of course, when it comes to child marriage, it is about providing an option. it is about education, it is about poverty. so we also do quite a lot of cash transfer to make sure that that families can get my and that they can buy food and buy clothing and everything that they need to to, to survive. and then they might not feel that they are forced to marry off that girl. but then it's also about legislation. it's about the mindset shift and norms and values. so we're trying to address all these at the same time. now, do united nations has reported about sexual violence against young girls not just by arm groups, but also by people that are meant to protect those young girls. whether it be un
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peacekeepers, i've been in central african republic where we've met 12 year old girls that could recognize the tattoo of the regiment of the french soldier that had abused her. we spoke to the lawyers that were defending these young girls. all of the cases that they put forward to judges into the tribunal were dismissed. even the ones by paris prosecutors, the lawyer told me, imagine if there was african soldiers in paris, violating young french girls, how the world would react. and yet here, there seems to be an element of impunity. why is that? and are you doing anything to address that? that's a very serious situation and completely unacceptable. and as you say we've, we've seen too many situations where this has happened and whether people's out are here to protect people are there for the purpose of this and violating them.
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so it is absolutely part of what we are trying to address this. there's quite a lot of collaborations around human responses. so say the children is part of one of the big correlations. and one of our core focuses is safeguarding children. because we need to make sure that children are always safe when, when we are engaged. and we also need to, to make sure that they are safe when they are engaged with others. so, so this is completely unacceptable. we need to hold people accountable for what they do, regardless of where it happens and sexual violence against children is never accepted. nowhere. and by no one, and yet there's so little prosecution happening. and there's been a lot of scandals here in africa about agencies being involved in sexual exchanging aid against, against food. there's been scandals, even that save the children at a corporate level. see the children you care about sexual harassment and there's if
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you speak to people in the street, there's this notion, there's this fear of these white aging male. they come to africa to save children. and yet that are some of them abusing the children that they're meant to protect what is being done to address this? so internally, we spend a lot of time addressing that because as i said, everyone, every child needs to be safe when they are around said the children. so for us, it's a, it's about having sarah total and it's having the right policies in place. it's about holding people internally accountable, making sure that people report even the, the smallest thing that is done and making sure that we are act, if things happen. and i don't think we can never prevent things from happening, but we can always make sure that we are doing everything we can to, to minimize it. and also that we respond when it happens and hold people accountable on support the victim inside the children we haven't hop cases of,
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of the ones that you described with our people abusing children. but, but we did have a sexual harassment scandal between stuff and, and so that's also something that we spend a lot of time addressing in the last few years because that's something that is not acceptable. it should be safe for soft and children to be part of our work. what about, you know, governments are you holding governments accountable for their staff or their involvement in sexual harassment, sexual abuse. and one of the things that we as an organization focus on is, is of course, holding governments account for every violation of children's rights. and this is one of the violations. so, so in our work on advocacy and making sure that we are pushing and, and working with governments to, to improve their accountability for children's rights. this is absolutely very high on the agenda and, and with this is one part of it. i think we need to spell it out for years. what
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are those children's rights? what are the rights for their children in whichever country they are in this world? where do they deserve and what are their rights? there is a conventional the rights of the child, but of course i will not go to into the details around that. but it's mainly about making sure that children are safe, that children are protected from violence, abuse, etc, that children have the right to to health and the right to education, the right to tune it, i'd entity and a number of things like that. how much is the humanitarian crisis that we're seeing the child due to climate change has climate change a role in the conflicts that we're seeing in the style we're seeing heard, or is fighting with, with farmers? no, but i would say that many, many of the conflicts within the world, including in this region, are effected by climates because the resources are getting more and more scarce, some conflicts are rising due to that. so climate shocks is something that you're
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wary of in the future. absolutely. we do know that climate, sharks and climate risks will lead to, to challenges in people's everyday life here and now. but it's also an increased risk for conflict due to that. and we've talked a lot about how dire the situation is for many young children, but there are some that make it out. how do they make it out? what are the tools that help them to, to survive and to make it out in, given the circumstances of the picture that you've drawn for us. i think one of the most important things that we can do to support children is, is to, to help them build their own resilience. and education is one part of it, but not the full story. the other day i meant to go here in between also who, who shared her story about how she was married, or when she was 12 years old to 54 year old man. he already had full wife and she was promised to him. at 1st, she was forced to marry him. she managed to escape because she wanted to finish
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school. she walked for 4 days. she was 40 kilometers. she was been found and brought back to her husband. and he told her that he would chain her until she gave him a child. she managed to escape again. again was for days until she came to the center where they were protecting child rights. and now she's starting to become a nurse. and when i asked her what her advice is for other children, it is to be courageous to believe in yourself and ever give up. and i think we need to, to make sure that we are giving children, that ability to, to fight for themselves. and right. because that is what will help them and they are incredibly resilient, but we need to support them to be able to do that part of and get out of a very difficult situation. if you have any message to give to some of the children, there may be watching this, this program and are facing challenges. whether it be food insecurity,
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sexual abuse, or any other challenges that young children are facing. especially in this a hell region or in other areas of conflict, but would be that advice that you would give them? i will quote the girls that i spoke to earlier this week because i owe them what they, their advice would be and they, they said, and i say the same, make sure that you to ever do everything in your power to, to, to get to proper education and to do if you're in a difficult situation offer help because there's a lot of people that are willing to help support you in your rushing chief executive officer for the children international. thank you very much for talking to al jazeera. thank you. i me
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the, actually a lot of the world of wrestling is shrouded in secrecy. one on one east get to redirect inside a sport with anxious tradition. modern scandal on elgin 020 years after sierra leone is brutal, civil war coins, more than 50000 lives. how has the country progressed rich with natural resources, but economically poor are the deep divisions of its past still determining its future to sierra leone recovery, special coverage on al jazeera? ah, close your eyes. ah, listen, a thought i'd be singing in parliament with the court. i never dreamt of it
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where the words fail. music speaks to short films about how music knocked down rules and inspire hope for a better life. ha selects on al jazeera. ah, hello, i'm marianna mazin london almeni's story now. the underwater volcano eruption that triggered us unami across the pacific ocean could be the most powerful explosion of its kind in 30 years flood waters from the wave caused significant damage, right across tonga and communications have been knocked out. lexia brian has mall. it took only minutes to the waves to arrive this an army and go think tom is main islands, toma top the water rushing. assure and to whom.


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