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tv   Al Jazeera Correspondent A Moral Debt The Legacy Of Slavery In The U.S.A.  Al Jazeera  January 23, 2022 9:00am-10:01am AST

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speaks to sort films about how music knocked down and inspire hope for a better life. a j selects on al jazeera ah. ready hello, i'm darren jordan in dough with a quick reminder, the top stories here on al jazeera, russia says accusations that it's plotting to install a pro moscow leader in ukraine and nonsense. the allegation has come from britain, which also has russia, is in contact with former ukrainian politicians as part of plans for an invasion. the u. k. foreign ministry hasn't provided evidence of its claims which were leveled in a statement by phone secretary mistrust, which he said the information being released today shines a light on the extent of russian activity designed to subvert ukraine and is an insight into kremlin thinking. russia must deescalate and its campaigns of
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aggression and disinformation and pursue a part of diplomacy. as the u. k in our partners have said repeatedly, any russian military incursion into ukraine would be a massive strategic mistake with severe costs. well, the u. s. has sent about 90 tons of military supplies to ukraine, saying it wants to ensure its armed forces a well stocked russia and says that it has no plans to attack re challenge report russia's defense ministry isn't saying where these planes are taking off from. but it is saying where they're going better, ruth, the official reason they're headed there is exercises, but the deployments add to rushes heightens military posture on ukraine's borders and western fears of an invasion. russia is spending every signal that it's intense on a serious military offensive that would market 2nd invasion of ukraine in the past 8 years. but i don't think that's president putin's preferred outcome because
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a full scale invasion is costly. it's risky because there will be a lot of russian casualties as well. the ukranian military is much better equipped than in 20. 14 western powers are stepping up military assistance to ukraine. the 1st plane load of $200000000.00 worth of us defense, a derived in kiev on saturday, 90 tons of materials including ammunition, the u. k. latvia, lithuania and estonia are all providing ukraine with defensive weaponry. canada has reportedly sent special forces, denmark, turkey, and the czech republic are also providing assistance. but despite the height intentions, the mood in ukraine is mostly com. the demonstration in kiev on the countries unification day. a couple of 100 people formed a human chain as a shower solidarity. despite all the propaganda, despite the russian misleading information, despite old food and pressure, ukraine is united, but give them a holler. in the past, they already tried to divide ukraine. we made our conclusion,
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we weren't explicit. russia once written guarantees that ukraine wont join nato and for the alliance to withdraw from eastern europe. the kremlin denies is planning and incursion into ukraine. but in 2014, it did just that. annex in crimea, in the process, will reach helen's to 0. germany's navy chief has quit tom to say that ukraine would never regain the crimean peninsula, which was annexed by russia in 2014. speaking at an event, vice admiral carr kim should back also suggested that vladimir putin deserved respect. the search for survivors is continuing in yemen after a detention facility was hit by a saudi led coalition, as strike on friday. more than 80 people were kill. saudi arabia says the building was not on the list of protective sykes. i'm in the hollow. i'm bronchitis, our way that i think we came from. i'm ron province on a visit to find out that the prison has been hit by war planes. this is a crime to be added to their crimes,
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and this makes is more determined to face the aggression. we're calling for all the relevant authorities to investigate this. a top, ethiopian military official, says government troops. i'm making plans to enter to guys regional capital, michaela to eliminate rebel forces. the deputy army chief says the country will not be at peace until the to gripe people's liberation front is wiped out if he has been gripped by wall for more than a year. a prominent mexican journalist has been laid to rest after being shot dead outside his home into ana, friends and family hill. the candlelight vigil on a 14 year old margarita at martinez. he'd been working as a photojournalist for more than a decade, covering gang related violence. and received regular threats to wanna, which is near the us border is one of mexico's most violent cities. so those were the headlines and he's continues he, on al jazeera. after out of the correspondence statement, dr. watching buffer, ah
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ah ah, i'm james gannon, a news editor for al jazeera. i grew up in this house in virginia, in the southern united states. my childhood here was a happy one. my family weren't rich, but we were comfortable. oh, i was particularly close to my grandmother, mary hamilton lee. it was she that told me about my lee family history. my most famous ancestor general robert lee, led the confederate army against the union during the american civil war in the mid
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19th century. i was proud that this man considered one of virginia's greatest heroes, was a relative. i wasn't told that he fought to defend slavery. ah, on the 12th of august 2017, these pictures of racial hatred in charlottesville in virginia were particularly shocking. the cause at white supremacists were rallying around, was the preservation of a statue of my ancestor, robert e. lee. i felt outraged that my family name was associated with the k k. k, and neo nazis. what happened in charlottesville made me consider for the 1st time, the true legacy of my slave owning ancestors. i want to know why people in my home state of virginia are so divided on the subject of cetera monuments and what they represent. and i want to find out how much the oppression of enslaved people by my ancestors, has had an impact on black lives in america today. what i'm told will at times make
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me deeply uncomfortable. but these conversations for me are long overdue. leg broke. i saw ah, richmond, virginia is the former capital of the confederacy. the 11 southern states that fought the union in the american civil war. ah, the statue of my ancestor, robert e. lee, is one to 5 confederate statues on monument avenue, the grand street in richmond. it stands 18 meters tall and dominates the cities landscape. for over a 100 years, richmond has honored lee as one of its greatest heroes. until recently in 2015, 9 black churchgoers and south carolina were shot by
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a white supremacist. the killer was photographed with a confederate flag, a symbol for races of white supremacy. soon after the city council in new orleans voted for their confederate statutes to be removed. the state of louisiana was once a major center for the slave trade. in richmond, many of the public consultations took place in virginia, which once had the largest and slave population and america in richmond, the debate over the monument avenue statues was heated. now is the time for us to tear down participation trophies for the losing side of the war. you lost it all ready? now with let's remember today after the war, lee good ali could to help reconcile and rebuild relationships to a north and south. how can anyone say this gray leader is a symbol of hay and evil in whites the printer free?
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what additional statute would you like to see? well, no, i don't know better at memorial in august. i won't say any money on there for any of the right. oh no. i want to know why opinions and richmond are so deeply divided by us. how are you? glad to say that martha rawlins is also a cousin of robert lee. you know, yet you look like a a do i? yeah. i don't want a horse. yeah. really know a martha helps run the richmond chapter of an organization named coming to the table after it was set up to help realize one of the dreams of doctor martin luther king junior. that the children of former slaves and slave owners would one day sit down together at the same table. it,
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i think just the action of bringing 2 people together. they don't go to the same church. they don't shop in the same place and don't live in the same neighborhood and don't look alike. i say that we'll leave and go out in public. we are the, the marching pair here we've been on every civil rights and woman's march. there is even just seeing us to gather models, what is possible that in itself, i know some people say that's really small, but i think is huge coming to table, which is to heal the wounds of the what the legacy of enslavement really is our outward vision and go on purpose 1st. reg is uncovering in and teaching truth in history. yeah. any one will give you a lot of homework. yes. this is marty win avenue. and martha wish no time and starting her 1st lesson on the true
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history of the american civil war. okay. next, when they coming to is on jefferson davis. so jefferson davis was the president of the confederacy. won't you need to read what's written on his money? martin, it's, it's appalling. the words on the statute paid for by the daughters of the confederacy, gives a now discredited view of history that the civil war was not fought to defend slavery, but a heroic struggle to preserve the southern way of life from northern interference. what is that was that you told me that so it says not to injure any section of the country, not even for our own pecuniary benefit, but the high and solemn motive of defending and protecting the rights we inherited, which it is our duty to transmit. on shore and to our children, what rights we inherited were the right to own slavery. and i was taught and still
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good. we were not defending slavery. we were just defending ours self from the northern aggression. well that's why next we visit the statue of our common ancestor. it's very painful to remember the legacy of enslavement. my great grandmother was 2nd catherine lab anyway. so as painful. yeah, it's painful to know which family is not perfect, right? for our queen. i would. i would take some day on the defense of slavery was not something to be honored. gary flowers is a local radio host and custodian of black history in richmond. and he wants to show me a statue that he fought to get a rector in 2017. so this is mrs. maggie lena walker, born to and enslaved mother maggie walker was the 1st black woman to charter
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a bank. in the united states, the st. luke penny savings, bank statues, say to the community and say to the world, this is someone who's vaulted and put on a on a literal pedestal. that is a woman to be honored and that is a woman to be memorialized. so that's what is. so, this heartening and despicable about the confederate statutes because they fought for slavery, sedition, secession, and racial segregation. and so those are not honorable virtues for which to fight, nor are they american. there is no other country on the planet than honors in statuary. the losers of a civil war and so forth. my ancestors who were burned, beaten, brutalize, raped by confederates and confederate thinkers. that is a constant symbol to me,
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the confederate statute that we are now honoring a dishonourable man. and a dishonorable cause in a dishonorable confederacy. to statues means that there are others in richmond who are adamant, the statues should remain. the organisation, sons, of confederate veterans, has spent tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees to prevent the removal of statues in charlottesville and elsewhere. i. mr. morehead, mr. gannon sandra morehead to meet you. yes sir. welcome to richmond in hollywood cemetery. i met told you i'm a relative of robert e. lee. absolutely. and with a beard, with a reddish beard, you look more like jim stewart, but that's excellent. let's take a look at a few things. these are the dead from gettysburg. we visit the confederate section of the cemetery with the graves of around 2000
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soldiers who died in gettysburg. a battle lost by robert e. lee in 18. 63. it was arguably the turning point in the war. heavy casualties around 50000 soldiers from both sides died in that data. there are a lot of people that feel that those statues need to come down. when you look at these monuments just on a pure abstract view, they're beautiful works of art. beautiful works of art. and then you've got the military brilliance of robert e lee, which is still studied. military theory is today. the passion for this issue. we as the sentence of confederate ancestors, there are family we revere the sac that we feel in our opinion, they fought for
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a noble cause to over throw it overbearing federal government. would you want any body to talk badly about your family? just the notion of family, you know, brings up a lot of emotions in me. but at the same time, if there is a member of one's family, that is doing something that you don't agree with. you have a responsibility, i'm for them. sure. and we're responsible for the legacy of our ancestors as far as telling the truth. as we see it robbery, lee didn't say i'm going to fight for slavery. no, what he said is i cannot turn my sword against virginia. so that tells you that the war was not about slavery. there are some things we're not gonna agree on. sure, i appreciate your time and i've given you our, your point of view. absolutely. no edgers view that the civil war wasn't primarily fought to preserve. slavery has been debunked by the vast majority of scholars. i'm
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curious to find out why so many millions of virginia still believe hello mr. cannon . it is literally christy coleman is an expert on the american civil war and had the museum in richmond specially devoted to the subject sacristy. here we are 150 years after the civil war. oh, it seems like a lot of the history and perspectives are still unsettled, though. why is it still such a hot button to day? i think part of the reason is that we spend a 150 years lying to each other about what this war was about. we spend a 150 years lying and trying to reinforce the lie. and the truth is, and i had daughters of the confederacy there, historian of the organizational woman, by the name of notary rutherford makes it hor, business to frame the narrative that must be in every school or textbook. and if
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it's not there, she tells the you must reject it from your home, and you must reject it from your school. and that's exactly what they do. so he wonder why america has such a divergent view about this. so it was crafted that way, the way i see it is that robert a lead fought for slavery, and that's what the civil war was about. but i'm along the way, you know, i've heard an alternate opinion. the reality is men, women, and children were bought and sold from their families by lee. okay, at arlington. and in the other properties that you know, he comes from a family that 4 generations has bought and sold human beings this way. but i'm convinced that the weight of his choices um the death tolls and the casualties being so high, i think, weighed on his soul. and i think that that is why he was so in his last years
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was so adamant to tell others don't put up statues. don't relive this. let's just let's just be you have the intensity that i see and his image is within your eyes. i really, i think that might be a family trait. it's probably just a beard. maybe i see what people think i look like, ah, sure, ah, my own views that the statue should be removed because it glorifies a shameful cause. the fight to preserve slavery. over 700000 soldiers died in the american civil war. the equivalent of 7000000 to day i guess it gives me some small comfort to know that my ancestor also didn't want any monument to this dark period
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in our history. it's time for me to face up to the sins of my ancestors. this church and peters vill maryland was built by black people. my ancestors in slave. ah, my grandmother used to bring me here as a child i've come to see 2 of her friends. i've known them since i was young, lord, have mercy. laura may almighty god have mercy on us to give us our sins and bring us to everlasting life. clarice and estelle are both descendants of the people, my family enslaved. i want to know how they feel about that. it's not something my family ever discussed. oh yeah. all right. i feel uncomfortable about bringing up the subject of enslavement. i don't want to upset them fun. clarice, i'm,
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i'm wondering if you could tell me about the the picture on this book here. this is my mom. mel anderson. and i'm clever is him this and she was a nurse of this little girl. and mom's mother used to work for the lease. so your mom's mother was born in slave by the movie fan. yeah. right. oh tower. howard see he was a slave. my great grandfather of the li property. i feel kind of strange about that. so i'm wondering how, how you feel about that. i just live in a present time and i know that i can go anywhere i want to go and do anything i want to is and i don't have to bow down to nobody. she bets this me in this present time. and that's where i am. what i wanted to
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do was go on that journey, that where i figure out what i can do to make sure that you know, we don't start slipping backwards. you should just try to make sure that you treat people right. don't don't harbor thinking about what your great great grandfather did. i don't, i am no hard feelings with you, but i'm proud that you wanna do something, but make sure you do something. yeah, i don't know what you're gonna do. if. if you win the lottery, you can give me a couple dollars. okay. i could do that. but other than meant to have it, i hope we've gone down there to get your help you in, in your endeavor,
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if you really have it. i hope i have because i think you got a wonderful family. ah, i feel humbled that is still in clarice don't hold any grudge against my ancestors for what there's in dirt. but i want to honor their call to action. i need to know how much closer we are to racial equality and in my great grandfather's death, baltimore, the largest city and maryland. it's just one hour away. it has a population of 3000000 with a high proportion to were black in 2015. there were street protests in baltimore, triggered by the death of a 25 year old black man. freddie grey spine was severed while in police custody. no officer was ever convicted. i meet up with kwame, rose a young,
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political activists who hit the headlines during the protest. kwame was film berating a well known tv host for failing to report the underlying race related issues. viewing the unrest. i want you in boxes to get out of baltimore because you're not here reporting about the board, the board of all. what's you're here with the black. why is that? i think things are, are better, they any better? we have a white supremacist, an office now may be just as bad as robert e. lee was. donald trump promotes and praise on the races. ideologies that existence out of american society. we black people built this country from on our hands are blood sweat, tears, and we haven't got one out of compensation, reparation, or even acknowledgement of the contribution we did. what is it that i should know about baltimore, where people should know about baltimore, is that we are majority black population. 63 percent black.
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most of our elected officials of black. yet the disparity between income between white families and black families is still one of the highest in america. this is fellows point, say, very white neighbourhood. kwame wants to show me that even after racial segregation officially ended, baltimore is still divided into rich white and poor black areas. i eat here. i you know, drink here. i'm actually that rest of my right there. during opening day of the baseball season, i was actually called the nigger. there i come here knowing that me being here is kind of a disruption to like the everyday whiteness. i love doing that. i love making people uncomfortable with my present. you see the way the police patrols certain blocks that there's a neighborhood as a way to protect and you go up a couple blocks up the street. the police are there to enforce. you. can you tell
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the difference? you can tell the difference because the police here, this is a space where drunken white people are allowed to have a good time be drunk and it's written off up the street. standing on a corner, the police are there. they'll come out and disperse the crowds. if com, right, and there's nothing wrong with that. the fact that this city of 63 percent black in the amount of people represented in certain communities like this aren't here, i'll take you to part of baltimore. pretty great grew up once across the slide, essentially, you'll be able to tell the difference from where we just came from. do you notice all the vacant businesses? they can homes. there are over 30000 vacant homes in baltimore. the majority concentrated in black neighborhoods. the inequality and wealthier start 3 times more black people than white live below the poverty line. and blacks are 4 times
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more likely to be unemployed. this is america, or just nation in the world, right? this is going more homes. this is where a pretty great lived so this is a neighborhood flooded with poverty, inadequate public housing, lack of opportunity in jobs for pretty pretty much have you're born in this community. you're stuck here. most kids and grew up in poverty. baltimore city. don't have the chance to leave with them fall blocks there where they were born at really 5 block. what's the situation with the police? yes. you can be someone like for lando castille, who had a weapon that was legally purchased and still killed, even though he followed all the rules. you can be afraid, gray, who ran away as so many examples of black people who did nothing wrong, but just were killed because like ice cream said their skin was their sin. in the
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united states, black people are 3 times more likely than whites to be killed by the police. how do we make sure these people in gilmer homes, have the same access to quality of life that the people are fells point her? well, it seems to me like before we can fix anything. we have to acknowledge the truth of the situation. more than acknowledgement, there has to be some type of compensation as if we're truly the greatest nation on earth. then the people who made the greatest contributions should have access to the quality of life for those who oppressed them and slave those wristbands. i've never really taken the idea of reparation seriously before, but meeting with kwame has made me reconsider. i need to learn more about the inequality, the black people continue to experience. i'm ready to face more uncomfortable. truths is a wave of sentiment around the world. people actually want accountability from the
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people who are running their countries. and i think often people's voice is not heard because i just not part of the mainstream news narrative. obviously we cover the big stories and report from the big events that are going on. but we also tell the stories of people who generally don't have a voice. and then whenever chance my dad never be afraid to put your hand up north question. and i think that's what i'm really does. we ask the question, the people who should be accountable, and also we get people to give their view of what's going on from the al jazeera london protocol center to special guess in conversation. when you say a lie, a 1000000 times, it becomes you then can create whatever narrative you want on prompted uninterrupted. i realized i was working for something that was evil, you know, being a part of actually creating at maria right now. meet christopher wiley. the death of journalism is only the 1st signal for the death of democracy studio. be unscripted on al jazeera ah
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al jazeera. when ever you. oh, oh. hello, i'm down jordan dough. with the headlines. aaron al jazeera, russia says the u. k is accusation that it's planning to install. a pro criminal leader in ukraine is nonsense. the british foreign secretary says a number of former ukrainian politicians are also in contact with the russian intelligence officers and bold in the planning of an invasion. meanwhile, the u. s. has sent 90 tons of military supplies, including ammunition to ukraine. the $200000000.00 security package arrived as russia continues to deny it. planning any attack. germany's navy chief has quit after saying that ukraine would never regain the crimean peninsula,
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which was annexed by russia in 2014 speaking as an event of vice admiral k. a kim should back also suggested that russian president vladimir putin deserved respect. the search for survivors is continuing in yemen after a detention facility was hit by a saudi led coalition airstrike on friday. more than 80 people were killed. saudi arabia says the building was not on the list of protected sites. i'm in the hollow, i'm run the game is our way that i think we came from am ran province on a visit to find out that the prison has been hit by war planes. this is a crime to be added to their crimes. and this makes us more determined to face the aggression we're calling for all the relevant authorities to investigate this. a prominent mexican journalist has been laid to rest after being shot dead outside his home into honor. friends and family held a candlelight vigil to on up margarita martinez. he been working as a photo journalist more than a decade, covering gang related violence and received regular threats. towana, which is near the u. s. border is one of mexico's most violent cities. long got to
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with her local but you know, he was never worried obviously it asked for help when he received the letter. i think his form was improved with the panic baton by george live a wily lavion, a top ethiopian military official says government troops are making plans to enter chic rise regional capital may calais to eliminate rebel forces. the deputy army chief says the country will not be at peace until the to gripe people's liberation front is wiped out to us. diplomats flew to ada saturday. this week to push for a cease fire and crews are battling a wildfire long california central coast. hundreds of people have been forced to leave their homes and areas between carmel and big sur, several roads, including a 32 kilometer stretch of the coastal highway, have been closed. well, those are the headlines. the news continues here after al serra correspondence station that's watching, ah,
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when in baltimore, maryland, black people are 3 times more likely than white to be living in poverty. i want to know what that means for the people living in. brick fontaine works for the city. he grew up in a public housing project and has been helping disadvantaged youths in baltimore for over 10 years. and donal height or projects is primarily black out of the you know, thousands of people who may be like 10 white people that live in the projects as no resources you ever since. you haven't saw store yet. oh. and they call them, you know, hey of what my hostile this james, mr. james reno. when a mr. rick felt the soldier, somebody killed squeegee and they, they earned money that way. but a lot of kids are they sell bottle waters and bottle during for dollar. let me get
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one more bottle. thank you. thank you. he. he, with the legal houses, i lieberman and sometimes i just poor kids off corners. i mentor them, help them get job. rick takes me to the parking lot, were demonte, howard a youth mentored was shot dead just 2 months before a lot of the drugs an activity happens right here in this parking lot. and this is where, unfortunately, a lot of the homicides and robberies they please you. c, r i p diesel, baby. i was the amante's nickname. his mother was struggling single mom, 3 children by ourselves. and he did the fastest thing to help her. and that was get involved with the drug tree here. he was just getting enough to help his mom and some guys from another neighbourhood came here to rob them and ended up killing him . really good kid though, man, he always was trying to do better. we got him in wilberforce college and the day we were supposed to present him with his certificate to go to college. he was,
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he was murdered right here. really sorry to hear it. this is the prison. was both leavin a man. i'm listening. oh boy. good. do we just gotta survive? what would you like for this community? all these kids take them out. the trips? spurious moles, this ali? no, right, it's no. it was on the cargo van bomb. main like idea. it's a data stager abroad. those are trouble. we're yell out the from somebody these kids feel like they're forced to do that to survive. they're not doing it to be driving mercedes in bentley's and things like that. they're doing it because if i don't do this, i won't eat tonight. people in these neighborhoods are not asking for anything but opportunity. the same equal playing field that the rest of america. yes. or, you know, this is my was over which neither of them see how you dawn. so there's a,
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this is james to lose the child. it hurts, you know, i always see how, you know, i've been, you know, to lose and everything and how, you know, they, everybody feel so safe for parents reduce their baby and especially to the street. and then now, hey, i am i one of them. i'm so sorry for your long. thank you so much. thank you. i appreciate it. there were 343 homicides in baltimore in 2017. more than 90 percent of these people were black color. shan wallace is a baltimore photographer who uses a craft to combat racial stereotyping. so i use photography as a form of activism like black labs matter, and this will we are and this is, will we are outside of they gaze of whiteness. this guy right here,
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i see blackman saying he had a chance all the time, but i see how the world continues to perpetuate that these moments moments like this don't happen. sometimes i photograph black men, and by time i have the photograph printed ready, give it to them, they blocked up. you have to so i went back to go give him a copy that he dawson time. we've indoors so much pain in have these moments where we'd have anybody to tell you know, but a lot of people tell me about those moments when i take their photograph and talk about our trauma and talk about the injustice we go through. now what can i do? what can wipe people do to kind of shift the way that they think? oh, i think that for white people, his thoughts were just simply caring about black people and, and envisioning ah, more equal society allies. i don't think that an allied job is to go in and dictate and tell people what to do and give directions. right, is listen and say and take notes. awe. jan has arranged
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a photo shoot in the area of baltimore where she grew up. mm. she photographs, her brother does men and cousin quality in front of 2 generations of quantities, families to live on the street ah, does meant quality, have served time in prison, one and 3 black men in the u. s. has a felony conviction who i just came home to serve the 6 year prism been brought up in his community. i hired that i was i was forced to come outside and had the subaru and try to provide away from our gram obama in mobile unit. so my little brother, by we, we forced into this, we don't have an option with him is may the 4th of the vom m street and base nova deborah. deborah britain, a 5th marquee is going without pay. if i would, i'm not even. this is the i could bring my son up as commanding my family,
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my whole family stuck in his community when he looked back across the generations. the advantages that white people have put in position for themselves and will black to the end. the disadvantages i might be was wanting to see why you shouldn't have a bed up during the me. i don't think so. but as hardin as like him and then think about his phone and then his follow. it always was this event. right, so for black person and be successful is re sounding to be true. i get mad sometimes bang about it, but i try not to bang about them. we just want to voice more from our to put the spotlight on us and give us a little bit of help. and then let us determine what we want to do with the help we don't head out to some over so score, we even scale to speak out as a surprise. but we for trade is as if we cool with what we not, we so score that we only want to speak out because we're afraid of them. next, 1st of all, look good guys up and take this with me
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and, you know, try and transfer that message. i mean, i came here to listen and to learn, you know, and it seems like such a small thing. just to hear these stories is, is not small because quality he, he got emotional and even my brother got emotional because now have people listen it, you know, like, people really felt like it now matter. we don't really talk about it because it happens so much is not news is not new quality. i know he but whiteness 8 as that for a long time. he got kids. he guy, family, you know, and they all live in poverty. his dad is still living in poverty these, this is not the dream for us. ah, i later discovered that the continuing existence of rich white neighborhoods and
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poor black neighborhoods in baltimore is not accidental, but a legacy of decades of deliberate, racial discrimination. in the mid 19 thirty's, the u. s. government was encouraging people to buy their own homes by offering federal loans. however, most black people were systematically refused mortgages. in addition, government and financial institutions drew up maps disqualifying some areas for subsidies. red line zone usually defined as neighborhoods for black people. ah, this deliberate denial is equal opportunities for black people to buy real estate is a major reason for the wealth gap between blacks and whites that exist today. my efforts to educate myself in america's hidden history, lead me to to academics who have spent years researching the racial wealth gap in america and the reasons for it. hello, i am james. hi james. i'm say good to meet you person. what does that inequality
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look like? in the aftermath of the civil war, blacks may have owned less than one percent of the american wealth. what's particularly striking and disturbing about the figure is that if we look at the comparable measure today, it's about 2 percent. so we have a wealth position for lack of americans to day that in a relative sense is not very different from what it was at the end of slavery. is there an unpaid debt that is still owed to, to buy people in america? yes, the estimates can run as high as 17 trillion dollars. there was an opportunity to reverse the consequences of slavery. instead, the 4000000 slaved folk never received the 40 acres and a mule that they were promised. if that type of land reform it actually taken place, it would have completely altered the trajectory of wealth and equality by race in
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the united states. we got the destruction of black communities that had developed some measure of prosperity through white massacres. that took place from the period of about 1880 up through about 1940 the, the midwestern community of greenwood in tulsa, oklahoma was the most affluent black community. in america, with over 300 black on businesses known as black wall street. in may 921. the whole 35 block neighborhood was obliterated by white mob, triggered by a false rumor that a black man had raped a white girl, homes, businesses, schools, and churches were burned and bar. and over 100 people died. one massacre after another is sort of rolled across the country. all of these riots were thousands of black people were killed. if you study history, you see that this has been a continuous,
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a continuous assault on by people. yeah. we, we think there, there is a joy of that and, and we think it needs to be met. because i think it is a just response to american sister it. my family's in status and, and wealth as says, has been, has benefited from, from my, their, their choice to enslaved people. the total number is staggering. of white. so owned at least one black body. yeah. it would have been at least half at least had up a white population. i actually, i met recently the descent descendants of one of the people my family enslaved, and found out that i had actually known this woman estella was 90 years old. now most of my life, what is her full name? i her name is her. i'm sorry,
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i'm blanking on her last name. estella. oh, it's telling you know that she's many years you're senior. and yet you referred to her by her 1st name. on there it is right there. i mean, i don't mean any disrespect to check. well, apparently no one else in your family has referred to her by any other lo refer or we correct. oh yeah. yeah, yeah. now you're absolutely right. i think it probably made both of us uncomfortable in our free for you to to call me out there. i may remember every now maybe not so, but yeah ah, i had no idea that the wealth gap between whites and blacks is still so huge to day . sandy and kirsten have convinced me that the case for reparations is overwhelming
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. i wonder if more white americans would agree with me if they knew how much of their wealth advantage is stolen and honored. i'm in houston, texas to meet a group of people whose views i'd like to understand black separatist. oh, a new black panther party has been described is a barely racist organization whose leaders have encouraged violence against whites and police. yeah. can and been yeah, one of its former leaders is now chairman of a new organization, the people's new black panther party that claims to disavow hatred. ah, this is the right here. you'll. you should the one thing bargain i grew up in virginia. oh, yeah. i've shak hands before the right. yeah. i don't own any myself. right. really?
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you know all in the good. wow. live in virginia anymore. or little bit. the panthers are planning a patrol in the south west of the city where there have been some recent shootings . yeah, you read romance, all right, we don't like the police coming to town with neighborhoods patrol in our neighborhoods. and so we should give an example of how we can be self determining the police out here, killing our, you know, people at home and we will patrol now we own neighborhoods, we wouldn't have these situations occur. so yeah, we have a message of separation. we don't want to continue to live with white america hitting mo, it hasn't worked out. we've tried everything we've worked, we've served we've big, you know, full equal rights and we continue to be in the same situations. all right, so this is the group for tonight. how you know, of you know, dinner diane is going on with our people who will want to call to police on one another stuff like that. when we're dealing with young boys these days in the
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household with single mothers and things like that. yeah, the number, the yeah, i'm a number now. so that's what we do. have i have a couple of mutually, jo at is that is it with, but it seems like when you come out here, people are pretty interested in what you're doing. you know, we come out in the community and people seals excite for, you know, course he'll go to co leesville. yeah, we got a call on here. so we honestly, i would always help relate that going all we told within our legal rights, we're not doing that wrong. we're all right. you have a good day. all right, all right, we're going to do a quick safety check. takes this open care state long as you don't have any felonies on your record or anything like that. it's okay for you. nope. cares. legal. the u. e p. newton gun club is the defense arm of the party. there's a lot of different ways to, to fight racial and injustice right. why do you think, you know, armed patrols is, is,
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is the way to go. we had bustling black towns and we were very strong economically . what will happen was we lacked the weapon and we're gonna have to defend ourselves. and there's, that's the bottom line. self defense. what role do you think white people have in, in working towards more equality? a lot of people who are afraid to say it is a word, reparations. a bad word is going to be associated with things like welfare and government handouts and stuff like that is not a government handout. i think reparations as well over do. or let's go ahead, move out. com right. a few weeks ago ma tray has called for compensation. may have surprised me. but i'm starting to notice a pattern amongst a diverse range of activists. oh sure, it's all great, right. oh, oh, oh, oh wow. wow. wow. as a white person, i'm way out of my comfort zone. oh people i don't agree with their separate is
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message in our patrols, but i don't feel any hatred from all through black to sprawl. oh, so just to be clear, those those views hate against whites. anti some anti semitism you don't identify with that? no, no, no, we're a different organization. we're on the different leadership. oh we're now to hate group. we don't hate anybody. our way actually show we don't have anybody. so how did you feel about the how do both want to live separate? do you think will i totally out of our mind that you think we can all get along? i, i've got hope that we can get along. you know, especially if white people are going to come around to the idea of reparations and, and, you know, trying to make a more fair and equal society. because if this doesn't change at some point, is not going to be pretty, is going to get bad to a point where we've begun at some point a race was land or breaking out. and dust a point though was stored in the get so mad is given hopeless. nothing is changing . hopefully you see, i'm coming from a good place and i just won't was best for my children and my grandchildren is
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coming after me. we'll look them in. i think there's a couple things that we don't agree on, but i think i'm starting to understand where you're coming from. i hope we both learn some things. always try to take things away from the conversation. flag bow ah, not far from houston is where the last american slaves were finally freed. in 1865 . it's depressing to realize that after a 150 years, some black people feel so let down that they think separation is their only option . making a difference seems almost impossible, but i am determined to do something with a denita. i hear the see you thank you for coming. denita invites me to the national gathering of coming to the table where this year steam is reparations.
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with over the next 2 days, i attend several discussions on what white people can do to help these range from scholarship funds for african americans to tips on how to talk to other white people about racial inequality. the conference gives me a lot of good ideas to take away. there's someone from the coming to the table gathering that i want to hate again, james stephen. i need to apologize for something thoughtless. i said earlier. yeah, yes, i meet up with steven at a historic house in harrisonburg virginia stevens trying to raise the funds to save it. of the hands that constructed his hole. where hans double formerly held in bondage we were talking and you said, you know, that's what it's like being a black man in virginia. and i said, i could imagine i immediately felt pretty foolish for saying that. no,
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i don't think you could even imagine i would like to be a black man in the state of virginia. i have to be mindful of every single thing that i say, every single place that i go, every single thing that i do on my body language. my, you know, mannerisms are my tongue. i mean, you know, it's, it's, it's, it's not lost upon me that i have never experienced what a truly means to be free. black people in the united states of america aren't anywhere near free. ah, when you consider, ah, that with one false move. that with one of violation of the fragility of the feelings of white people are our very lives could be taken away from us and ended in an instant. what else can you know, a white person like me do? i want you to see on that,
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despite the best efforts of your ancestors despite ah, on the most cunning and conniving and destructive of plots and plans there were devised by your ancestors. my ancestors overcame what i'm saying is i'm hoping that you can recognize. then that we are equal. ah, because there was a time not that long ago, but where your people didn't see mind that way. i think it's up to people such as yourself and myself as together to charge the whatever's necessary to make sure we don't perpetuate these lies. would you agree? absolutely. mama can not agree one. i could you thought was clear on the last night at the national
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gathering. denita asked me to join her at the james river in richmond to walk the same trail as her and slave ancestors. with beckdolt lived in the shadows of bondage and at the legacy. i made the leg before claire society or staging a reenactment, specially for coming to the table. deli guy i o africans captured trade, it dragged from their mother land and the order after 910 weeks, etc. so offensive this concealed cargo did embarked only at night to the crack of the whip in the shadows and shame them. ha ha ha ha ha ha ha ha!
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oh, what? i keep your mouth shut. no head. now let's go. oh no. oh, for over an hour, i want the same dirt path that hundreds of thousands of the slaves africans were forced to follow them. as i think about the magnitude of their suffering and sacrifice, i feel a deep incense of shame and sorrow that their descendants have never received a formal apology or a penny and compensation from the us government. so that was really intense. it was absolutely humbling. ah, and i just kept thinking about everything that had been taken away from the people
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that arrived on those shores and how there's no way that that could ever be given back to them. i decide to join the fight for reparations. not just because of my ancestors, but because morally it's the right thing to do. all of us must take responsibility for repaying the vast debt, owed to black people so that future generations can finally have an equal share of the opportunities and wealth of this nation. it works in
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the hello their air originating from the arctic made its way all the way to the middle east. however, one good to see you. and while was it ever felt? here's the capital of the audi. people bundled up, we had the heaters outside of hats to be found as well. so here's how low temperatures were on saturday, 2 degrees in riyadh, 10 in doha. but there is now going to be an improvement here we are on sundays. so 1900 for re add $21.00 in doha. but if i show you the 3 day forecast for re, i'd wait for you deserve this up to 26 degrees on wednesday wall to wall sunshine and that is above average. did see some dust storms in karachi. wind speeds about 75 kilometers per hour. those winds back off on sunday. i have 27 degrees. showers will help improve the air quality in the hor,
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and we know snow not too far away from is one more bad. but van federal conditions for turkey, snow here as while dusting of it is stumbled on camera. and i think in the days to come on, talia could see some snow accumulate as wall off to southern africa and driving rain still from that a gas scar. this is going to just deteriorate the flooding situation there. keep turn at $32.00 degrees, but you're a temperatures will fall, and the dates to come see you soon. ah, dick take the ships to democracy's activity to corporations. control of the message is crucial, the it for public opinion or profit. the listening post examines the vested interests behind the content. you can q on al jazeera, on counting to cost one year of the bio and administration. how has the u. s. economy bad unemployment done, but inflations, pop americans, unhappy about it?
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and also turkey's unconventional approach to inflation, could it actually boost economic growth? counting the cost on al jazeera ah, as tension grows, the u. k says russia is plotting to install a friendly government and ukraine. moscow calls it nonsense. ah, good morning from joe harbor on on come out santa maria. this is the world news from al jazeera. there is grief and anger in yemen, a day off to more than 70 people were killed in a saudi coalition, as strike also in the news ethiopians, military chief reveals his troops of planning and operation to enter to graze regional capital mikella.

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