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tv   Al Jazeera Correspondent A Moral Debt The Legacy Of Slavery In The U.S.A.  Al Jazeera  January 24, 2022 11:00pm-12:01am AST

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world needs w h l, making healthy a world for you everyone ah hello, i'm barbara sarah in london. these are the top stories on al jazeera. we're kind of fast as our me says, it has seized control of the country. a group of soldiers as appeared on state p v, saying that the vows that the president dissolved the government, the national assembly, suspended the constitution and closed the boarders. they cited the deteriorating security situation and what they said was president, that rocca boris failure to respond effectively to violence by armed groups in the country will cowboys whereabouts aren't clear? but earlier the ruling party said he had survived an assassination attempt. several
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armored vehicles from the presidential fleet, stained with blood and riddled with bullets, were seen near his residence on monday. after having celebrations on the streets of the capital y got to go with some civilian protest, there's a rallying to support the military intervention. anger at the government had been growing over the worse any security situation with demonstrations calling for the president to resign. a we're here today to support our army, but decided to save our lives were here today to more of the delta to more we support our army. we have been protesting for 3 days. had been 7 years since president rock took path, and a lot of blood has been shed. mckinney faster is suffering. i am of a politician. i am a sympathizer with civil society. we do not take a position. we want soldiers to take back control of the country. penny wilkins has
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this update on the situation and was good to go. since this morning it's been a very heavy military presence on the, on the street south side, the national board cost tv today. treat you to me as had taken the thing part of the vehicle in the gateway and installed a, an antique cough gum outside the building as well. so, i mean, obviously this isn't the kind of thing normally see on the, on a monday morning in, in mike it's easy but yeah, compared to yesterday when the meeting started and that was firing happening at various military bases across the city. today we've had no come fire tool. so really, the military now seem to be confident, be in control. nato says it's putting forces on standby and reinforcing its military presence in eastern europe with more ships and fight rejects russia has
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accused the alliance of escalating pensions, of ukraine. european foreign ministers say that they are ready to impose never before seen sanctions. if moscow invades its neighbor, it is massed an estimated 100000 troops near ukraine. but russia rejects western allegations that of plans and invasion. the e u has pledged $1300000000.00 in assistance for key f. i am announcing a new financial assistance package to the country made both of emergency loans and grams. first of all, the commission proposes a new emergency micro financial assistance package of 1200000000 euros. this package will help ukraine now to address its financing needs due to the conflict. at least 3 people have been killed in the latest protests against military rule. and so then the central committee of sudanese, dr. is
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a says that they were shot dead by security forces who fired to live rounds and tear gas. the group says more protest, hers were injured in the capital, khartoum and the neighboring city of on demand. or then 70 civilians have died since the military takeover in october. the white house says it's deeply concerned about reports of escalating conflict between humans who the rebels and neighboring countries. earlier the united arab emirates launched their strikes at who the targets hours after intercepting ballistic missiles far that fired at them by the rebels. and an 18 year old gun man has opened fire during a university lecturing germany, killing one person fully say another 3 people were wounded in the shooting at heidelberg, at university south of frankfort. the gunman then killed himself. those are the top stories next dissolved as they were a correspondent, the moral debt, the legacy of slavery in the usa. ah
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ah ah, ah, i'm james gannon, a news editor for al jazeera. i grew up in this house in virginia, in the southern united states. my childhood here was a happy one. my family weren't rich, but we were comfortable. oh, i was particularly close to my grandmother, mary hamilton lee. it was she the told me about my li, family history. my most famous ancestor general robert e. lee led the confederate army against the union during the american civil war in
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the mid 19th century. i was proud that this man considered one of virginia's greatest heroes, was a relative. i wasn't told that he fought to defend slavery. ah, on the 12th of august 2017, these pictures of racial hatred in charlottesville in virginia were particularly shocking. the cause at white supremacists were rallying around, was the preservation of a statue of my ancestor, robert e. lee. i felt outraged that my family name was associated with the k k. k and neo nazis. what happened in charlottesville made me consider for the 1st time, the true legacy of my slave owning ancestors. ah, i want to know why people in my home state of virginia are so divided on the subject of confederate monuments and what they represent. and i want to find out how much the oppression of inside people by my ancestors, has had an impact on black lives in america today. what i'm told will at times make
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me deeply uncomfortable. but these conversations for me are long overdue ro ah, ah, richmond, virginia is the former capital of the confederacy. the 11 southern states that fought the union in the american civil war. ah, the statue of my ancestor, robert e. lee, is one to 5 confederate statues on monument avenue, the grandest street in richmond. it stands, 18 meters tall and dominates the cities landscape. for over a 100 years, richmond has honored lee as one of its greatest heroes until recently in 2015, 9 black churchgoers and south carolina were shot by
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a white supremacist. the killer was photographed with a confederate flag, a symbol for races of white supremacy. soon after the city council in new orleans voted for their confederate statutes to be removed. the state of louisiana was once a major center for the slave trade. in richmond, many of public consultations took place in virginia, which once had the largest and slave population and america in richmond, the debate over the monument avenue statues was heated. now is the time for us to tear down participation trophies for the losing side. i'm a war you loss. all right, all ready? now with let's remember, kid, after the war, lee get all he could to help reconcile and rebuild relationships to a north and south. how can anyone say this great leader is a symbol of hey, an evil in whites the periphery. the 2nd question,
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what additional statute would you like to see? well, knock my head out on the confederate memorial. good enough. not to say any monumental air for any of them. well then they murder right. oh ah, i want to know why opinions in richmond are so deeply divided by those. how are you ready to say that martha rawlins is also a cousin of robert lee? you know yet you look luckily, do i? yeah, i'm on a horse. yeah. really now with martha, helps run the richmond chapter of an organization named coming to the table after it was set up to help realize one of the dreams of doctor martin luther king junior . that the children of former slaves and slave owners would one day sit down together at the same table. it just the action of bringing 2 people together. they
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don't go to the same church, they don't shop in the same place and don't live in the same neighborhood. and don't look alike. i say that we'll leave and go out and probably we are the, the marching pair here. we've been on every civil rights and woman's march. there is even just seeing us to gather models. what is possible that in itself, i love some people say that's really small, but i think is huge. coming his hable, which is to heal the wounds of the what the legacy of enslavement really is out onward measuring our purpose. first reg is uncovering and teaching truth in history . yeah. any one will give you a lot of homework. oh, this is marty win avenue. and martha wish no time and starting her 1st lesson on
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the true history of the american civil war. okay. next one coming to is on jefferson davis for jefferson davis was the president of the confederacy. when any day we'd, what's written on his money mart it's, it's appalling. the words on the statute paid for by the daughters of the confederacy, gives a now discredited view of history that the civil war was not fought to defend slavery, but a heroic struggle to preserve the southern way of life from northern interference. what is that was that you told me that so it says not to injure any section of the country, not even for our own, the culinary benefit, but the high and solemn motive of defending and protecting the rights we inherited, which it is our duty to transmit on shore and to our children, what rights were in her gave her the right to own slavery. and ours taught and
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still good. we were not defending slavery, we were just defending ours self from the northern aggression. well that's why next we visit the statue of our common ancestor. it's very painful to remember the legacy of enslavement. the great grandmother was 2nd catherine her laugh anyway. so as painful. yeah, it's painful to know which family is not perfect, right? our queen. i would. i would take them day on the defense of slavery was not something to be honored. gary flowers is the local radio host and custodian of black history enrichment. and he wants to show me a statue that he fought to get erect in 2017. so this is mrs. maggie lena walker, born to and enslaved mother maggie walker was the 1st black woman to charter
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a bank. in the united states, the st. luke penny savings, bank statues, say to the community and say to the world, this is someone who's vaulted and put on a on a lip to roll pedestal. that is a woman to be honored and that is a woman to be memorialized. so that's what is, so this heartening and despicable about the confederate statutes because they fought for slavery, sedition, secession, and racial segregation. and so those are not honorable virtues for which to fight, nor are they american. there is no other country on the planet than honors in statuary. the losers of a civil war and so forth. my ancestors who were burned, beaten, brutalize, raped by confederates and confederate thinkers. that is a constant symbol to me,
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the confederate statute that we are now honoring a dishonourable man, and a dishonorable cause in a dishonorable confederacy. to statues means that there are others in richmond who are adamant, the statues should remain. the organisation, sons of confederate veterans, has spent tens of thousands of dollars in legal fees to prevent the removal of statues in charlottesville and elsewhere. mr. morehead, mr. gannon, andrew morehead, to meet you. yes, sir, welcome to richmond in hollywood cemetery. i might have told you i'm a relative of robert e. lee. absolutely. and with a beard, with a reddish beard, you look more like job steward, but that's excellent. let's take a look at a few things. these are the dead from gettysburg. we visit the confederate section of the cemetery with the graves of around 2000
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soldiers who died in gettysburg. a battle lost by robert e. lee in 18. 63. it was arguably the turning point in the war. heavy casualties around 50000 soldiers from both sides died in that battle. there are a lot of people that feel that those statues need to come down. when you look at these monuments just on a pure abstract view, there, beautiful works of art. beautiful works of art and then you've got the military brilliance of robert lee, which is still studied. military theory is today. the passion for this issue. we is the sentence of confederate ancestors. there are family we revere the sac that we feel in our opinion, they fault for noble cause to over throw in overbearing federal government.
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would you want any body to talk badly about your family? just the notion of family, you know, brings up a lot of emotions in me. but at the same time, if there is a member of one's family, that is doing something that you don't agree with. you have a responsibility, i'm for them. sure. and we're responsible for the legacy of our ancestors as far as telling the truth. as we see it, robert lee didn't say i'm going to fight for slavery. no, what he said is i cannot turn my sword against virginia. so that tells you that the war was not about slavery. there are some things we're not gonna agree on. sure, i appreciate your time and i've given you our, your point of view. absolutely. now, andrew's view that the civil war wasn't primarily fought to preserve. slavery has been debunked by the vast majority of scholars. i'm curious to find out why so many
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millions of virginia still believe hello mr. canon treasure. this can literally christy coleman is an expert on the american civil war and had the museum and richmond specially devoted to the subject. so christie, here we are 150 years after the civil war. oh, it seems like a lot of the history and perspectives are still unsettled, though. why is it still such a hot button to day? i think part of the reason is that we spend a 150 years lying to each other about what this war was about. we've been a 150 years lying and trying to reinforce the lie. and the truth is, and i had daughters of the confederacy, their historian of the organization, home and by the name of notary rutherford makes it hor, business to frame the narrative that must be in every school or textbook. and if
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it's not there, she tells the you must reject it from your home, and you must reject it from your school. and that's exactly what they do. so he wonder why america has such a divergent view about this. so it was crafted that way. the way i see it is that robert e lee fought for slavery, and that's what the civil war was about. but, ah, along the way, you know, i've heard an alternate opinion. the reality is men, women, and children were bought and sold from their families by lee. okay, at arlington. and in the other properties that you know, he comes from a family that for generations, has bought and sold human beings this way. but i'm convinced that the weight of his choices um the death tolls and the casualties being so high, i think, weighed on his soul. and i think that that is why he was so in his last years
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was so adamant to tell others don't put up statues, don't re live this. let's just let's just be you have the intensity that i see and his image is within your eyes. i really, i think that might be a family trait. it's probably just a beard. maybe i see what people think i look like is good. ah, sure. ah, my own views that the statue should be removed because it glorifies a shameful cause, the fight to preserve slavery over 700000 soldiers died in the american civil war. the equivalent of 7000000 today. i guess it gives me some small comfort to know
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that my ancestor also didn't want any monument to this dark period in our history. it's time for me to face up to the sins of my ancestors. this church in peters they'll. maryland was built by black people, my ancestors and slave. ah, my grandmother used to bring me here as a child. i've come to see 2 of her friends. i've known them since i was young. lord, have mercy. laura may almighty god have mercy on us to give us our sins and bring us to everlasting life. clarice and estelle are both descendants of the people my family enslaved. i want to know how they feel about that. it's not something my family ever discussed. oh yeah. all right. i feel uncomfortable about bringing up the subject of enslavement. i don't want to upset them 1st. clarice,
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i'm i'm wondering if you could tell me about the picture on this book here. this is my mom marilyn anderson and i'm clever, is this. and she was a nurse of this little girl. and mom's mother used to work for the lease. so your mom's mother was born in slave by the belief. right? oh tower, howard see he was a slave, my great grandfather of the li property. i feel kind of strange about that some wondering how, how you feel about that. i just live in a present time and i know that i can go anywhere i want to go and do anything i want to do. and i don't have to bow down to nobody. she bets this me in this present time,
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and that's where i am. what i wanted to do was go on the journey that where i figure out what i can do to make sure that you know, we don't start slipping backwards. you should just try to make sure that you treat people right. don't don't harbor thinking about what your great great grandfather did. so i don't have no hard feelings with you, but i'm proud that you wanna do something, but make sure you do something. yeah, i don't know what you're gonna do. if. if you win the lottery, you can give me a couple dollars. okay. i could do that. but other than that, yeah. i hope we've gone dark on them to get here and help you in,
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in your endeavor, if you really have it. i hope i have because i think you got a wonderful family. ah, i feel humbled that a stelling terese don't hold any grudge against my ancestors for what theirs and dirt. but i want to honor their call to action. i need to know how much closer we are to racial equality than in my great grandfather's death. baltimore, the largest city in maryland is just one hour away. it has a population of 3000000 with a high proportion to were black. in 2015, there were street protests in baltimore, triggered by the death of a 25 year old black man. freddie grey spine was severed while in police custody. no officer was ever convicted. i meet up with kwame, rose a young,
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political activists who hit the headlines during the protest. kwame was film berating a well known t. v host for failing to report the underlying race related issues, viewing the unrest. i want you in fox news to get out of baltimore signal, right? because you're not, you're reporting about the board, the board of what you're here for, the black. why you think things are, are better, they any better? we have a white supremacist, an office now may be just as bad as robert e. lee was in, donald trump promotes and praise on the races. ideologies that existence out of american society. we black people built this country from on our hands are blood sweat, tears, and we haven't got one out of compensation, reparation, or even acknowledgement of the contribution we did. what is it that i should know about baltimore, where people should know about baltimore, is that we are majority black population. 63 percent of black.
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most of our elected officials of black. but yet the disparity between income between white families and black families is still one of the highest in america. this is fellows point slaves, very white neighbourhood. kwame wants to show me that even after racial segregation officially ended baltimore is still divided into rich white and poor black areas. i eat here. i, you know, during here. oh, i'm actually that restaurant right there. during opening day of the baseball season, i was actually called a nigger. there i come here knowing that me being here is kind of a disruption to like the everyday whiteness i love doing. and i love making people uncomfortable with my presence. you see the way the police patrols certain blocks, so there's a neighborhood as a way to protect and you go up a couple blocks up the street. the police are there to enforce. you. can you tell
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the difference? you can tell the difference because the police here, this is a space we're drunk and why people are allowed to have a good time be drunk and it's written off up the street. standing on a corner, the police are there. they'll come out and disperse the crowds if com. right. and there's nothing wrong with that. the fact that this city of 63 percent black and the amount of people represented in certain communities like this aren't here, i'll take you to a part of baltimore. pretty grey grew up once across the slide, essentially, you'll be able to tell the difference from where we just came from. you notice all the vacant businesses, they can homes. there are over 30000 vacant homes in baltimore. the majority concentrated in black neighborhoods. the inequality and wealthier start 3 times more black people than white live below the poverty line. and blacks are 4 times
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more likely to be unemployed. this is america, or just nation in the world, right? this is going more homes. this is where a pretty great lived so this is a neighborhood flooded with poverty, inadequate public housing, lack of opportunity in jobs for pretty pretty much if you're born in this community, you're stuck here. most kids grew up in poverty, and baltimore city. don't have the chance to leave within 5 blocks of their where they were born at really 5 blocks. what's the situation with the police? you can be someone like for lando castillo, who had a weapon that was legally purchased and still killed, even though he followed all the rules. you can be afraid, gray, who ran away as so many examples of black people who did nothing wrong, but just were killed because like ice cube said their skin with their sin. in the
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united states, black people are 3 times more likely than whites to be killed by the police. how do we make sure these people in gilmer homes, have the same access to quality of life that the people who fell sparnhead? well, it seems to me like before we can fix anything. we have to acknowledge the truth of the situation. more than acknowledgement, there has to be some type of compensation as if which surely the greatest nation on earth. then the people who made the greatest contributions should have access to the quality of life for those who oppressed them enslaved us with i've never really taken the idea of reparation seriously before, but meeting with kwame has made me reconsider. i need to learn more about the inequality, the black people continue to experienced. i'm ready to face more uncomfortable truths. ah, step beyond the comfort zones were assumptions or challenge. travel to the ends of
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connecting the world, connecting the future, won the cost cutters, gateway to whoa trade. oh hello, i'm barbara sarah london. these are the top stories on al jazeera working fast as army says, it sees control of the country. a group of soldiers has appeared on state tv saying they've asked that the president dissolve. the government and national assembly suspended the constitution and closed the boarders. president rock about his whereabouts are known. his party earlier said he had survived then assassination attempt. and we wilkins as this update on the situation in the capital was since this morning it's been a very heavy military presence on the,
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on the street south side, the national board caf. htp today treat you to me as had taken the, the billing thing. part of the vehicle in the the gateway and installed a coffee outside the building as well. so i mean obviously this isn't the kind of thing normally see on the, on a monday morning in it. so you can but yeah, compared to yesterday, when the meeting started and there was firing happening at various military bases across the city. today we've had no come fire tool. so really, the military now seem to be confident, be in control. nato has put forces on stand by incense shifts, and fighter jets to bolster europe's eastern defences. the build up of russian troops on the border with ukraine as causing fears of an invasion. u. s. president joe biden is due to discuss the tensions with the european leaders in the next hour
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. russia has remained defiant, denying it plans to invade and accusing the west of fueling hysteria and escalating pensions. at least 3 people have been killed in the latest protests against military rule in sudan, medics say they were shot dead by security forces who fired live rounds and tear gas more than 70 civilians have died since the military takeover in october. the white house says it's deeply concerned about reports of escalating conflict between yemen who the rebels and neighboring countries. earlier, the united arab emirates launch the air strikes at who the at who these hours after intercepting ballistic missiles fired at them by the rebels. they brief from the missiles fell over ob, would that be? but no one was injured. it was the top stories. now it's back to our desert correspondent. i'll have the news that we're for you. and under half an hour with
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in baltimore, maryland. black people are 3 times more likely than white to be living in poverty. i want to know what that means for the people living in. brick fontaine works for the city who grew up in a public housing project and has been helping disadvantaged youths in baltimore for over 10 years among dom heights. oh, how the projects is primarily black out of thousands of people who may be like 10 white people that live in the projects as no resources reticent you haven't saw store yet, or somehow they call them, you know, i support my hassle this james. i know when i missed the roof of the soldiers, somebody kiss squeegee and they earn money that way, but a lot of kids are they sell bottle waters and bottle drinks for
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a dollar. let me get one more bottle. thank you. thank you. keep, keep with the legal house was all right, and you know, and the lead women, and sometimes i just poor kids, off corners. i mentor them, help them. good job. rick takes me to the parking lot. were demonte howard a youth mentored was shot dead just 2 months before a lot of the drugs an activity happens right here in this parking lot. and this is where, unfortunately, a lot of homicides and robberies take place. c, r i p diesel baby that was the emergencies nickname his mother was struggling single mom, 3 children by herself. and he did the fastest thing to help her. and that was get involved with the drug tree here. he was just getting enough to help his mom and some guys from another neighbourhood came here to rob them and ended up killing him . really good kid. oh man, he always was trying to do better. we got him in wilberforce college and the day we were supposed to present him with his certificate to go to college. he was,
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he was murdered right here. really sorry to hear it. this is the president. was both even a man i miss my old boy is a good. do we just gotta survive? okay. what would you like for this community? all these kids take them out. the trips sprays? mold this ali. no. right. it's no. it was on the cargo van bomb main like idea, it's a dentist teacher. the rows are trouble or yeah. like the from somebody these kids feel like they're forced to do that to survive. they're not doing it to be driving mercedes in bentley's and things like that. they're doing it because if i don't do this, i won't eat tonight. people in these neighborhoods are not asking for anything but opportunity. the same equal playing field that the rest of america is. are you know,
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this is my was over which neither of them see how you dawn. so there's a, this is james to lose the child. it hurts. you know, i always see how, you know, of the, you know, the news and everything and how, you know, they, everybody feel so sad for parents who lose their baby and especially to the streets . and then now, hey, i am i one of them. i'm so sorry for your long. thank you so much. thank you. i appreciate it. there were 343 homicides in baltimore in 2017. more than 90 percent of these people were black color. shan wallace is a baltimore photographer who uses a craft to combat racial stereotyping. so i use photography as a form of activism like black labs matter, and this will we are and this is, will we are outside of they gaze of whiteness. this guy right here,
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i see blackman 2nd katie, he has all the time, but i see how the world continues to perpetuate that these moments moments like this don't happen. sometimes i photograph black men, and by time i have the photograph printed ready give it to them, they like that. you have to. so i went back to go give him a copy, but he dawson, tom, we've indoors so much pain in have these moments where we didn't have anybody to tell in all, but a lot of people tell me about those moments when i take their photograph and talk about our trauma and talk about the injustices we go through and what can i do? what can wipe people do to kind of shift the way that they think? oh, i think that for white people, his thoughts were just simply caring about black people and, and, and envisioning ah, more equal society allies. i don't think that an allied job is to go in and dictate and tell people what to do and give directions. right. is listen and
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to and take notes. awe jan has arranged a photo shoot in the area of baltimore where she grew up. mm. she photographs, her brother does. men and cousin quality in front of 2 generations. aquatic families still live on the street. does many quality have served time in prison? one of 3 black men in the u. s. has a felony conviction, who rushes chaos to serve. the 6 year prism been brought up in ascom room. i hired that i was, i was forced to come outside and had the subaru and try to provide away from our grandmother. my in my mother is, you know, say i'm a little broke up by we we, we force the tutors. we don't have an option with room is may the 4th to provide m street and base nobody. every devil. oh fit. if my kid is gone without pay, if i would. i'm not even. this is the i could bring my son up as community my
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family, my whole family stuck in this community. when you look back across the generations, the advantages that white people have put in position for themselves and a little black, the room, the and the disadvantages on my beams. mom, you do have the white, you shouldn't have a bed up during the me. i don't think so, but as hardin as like him and then think about his phone and then his follow. it always was a disadvantage. right. so for black person and be successful, re tell me the truth. i get mad sometimes bang about it, but i try not to think about them. we just want a voice more from our to put the spotlight on us and give us a little bit of help. and then let us determine what we want to do with the help we don't head out, but soon i'm over so scar. we've a scale to speak out. does a surprise, but we for trade is as if we cool, would we not? we so scored that we only want to speak out because we're afraid of them. next, 1st of all, look good guys up and take this with me
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and you know, try and transfer that message out. i mean, i came here to listen and to learn, you know, and it seems like such a small thing just to hear these stories is, is not small because quality he, he got emotional. and even my brother got emotional because don't have people listen, you know, like, people really felt like it now matter. we don't really talk about it because it happens so much is not news is not new. quality. i know he been witness aid as that for a long time. he got kids. he guy, family, you know, and they all live in poverty. his dad is still living in poverty these, this is not the dream for us. ah, i later discovered that the continuing existence of rich white neighborhoods and
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poor black neighborhoods in baltimore is not accidental, but a legacy of decades of deliberate racial discrimination. in the mid 19th thirty's, the u. s. government was encouraging people to buy their own homes by offering federal loans. however, most black people were systematically refused mortgages. in addition, government and financial institutions drew up maps disqualifying some areas for subsidies. red line zone, usually defined as neighborhoods for black people. ah, this deliberate denial is equal opportunities for black people to buy real estate is a major reason for the wealth gap between blacks and whites that exist today. my efforts to educate myself in america's hidden history, lead me to to academics who have spent years researching the racial wealth gap in america and the reasons for it. hello, i am james. hi james. i'm sad that is good to me to person. what does that
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inequality look like? in the aftermath of the civil war, blacks may have owned less than one percent of the american wealth. what's particularly striking and disturbing about the figure is that if we look at the comparable measure today, it's about 2 percent. so we have a wealth position for black americans to day that in a relative sense is not very different from what it was at the end of slavery. is there an unpaid debt that is still owed to, to buy people in america? yes, the estimates can run as high as 17 trillion dollars. there was an opportunity to reverse the consequences of slavery. instead, the formerly enslaved folk never received the 40 acres and a mule that they were promised if that type of land reform it actually taken place . it would have completely altered the trajectory of wealth and equality by race in
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the united states. we got the destruction of black communities that had developed some measure of prosperity through white massacres. that took place from the period of about 1880 up through about 940 the, the midwestern community of greenwood in tulsa, oklahoma was the most absolute black community in america, with over 300 black own businesses known as black wall street. in maine, 1921. the whole 35 block neighborhood was obliterated by white mob, triggered by a false rumor that a black man had raped a white girl, homes, businesses, schools, and churches were burned and bar. and over 100 people died. one massacre after another and just sort of rolled across the country. all of these riots were thousands of black people were killed. if you study history, you see that this has been a continuous,
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a continuous assault on by people. yeah. we, we think there, there is a giant that and we think it needs to be met. because i think it is a just response to american sister it my family's in status and, and wealth as, as has been, has benefited from, from their, their choice to enslaved people. the total number is staggering of white. so owned at least one black body. yeah. it would have been at least half when at least had up with her white population. i actually, i met recently the dissent, descendants of one of the people my family enslaved, and found out that i had actually known this, this woman estella was 90 years old. now most of my life, what is her full name? i her name is her. i'm sorry,
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i'm blanking on her last name. estella. oh, it's telling him that she's many years you're senior. and yet you referred to her by her 1st name. there it is right there. i mean, i don't mean any disrespect to chance. well, apparently no one else in your family has referred to her by any other lo. refer re, correct? oh yeah, yeah, yeah. now you're absolutely right. i think it probably made both of us uncomfortable in our free for you to, to call me out there. i may remember every now maybe not so. ah, i had no idea that the wealth gap between whites and blacks is still so huge to day . sandy and kirsten have convinced me that the case for reparations is overwhelming
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. i wonder if more white americans would agree with me if they knew how much of their wealth advantage is stolen and unearned. i am in houston, texas to meet a group of people whose views i'd like to understand black separatist. oh, a new black panther party has been described is apparently racist organization whose leaders have encouraged violence against whites and beliefs. yeah. can and benya, one of its former leaders is now chairman of a new organization, the people's new black panther party that claims to disavow hatred as vic right here. you, you should the one thing bargain i grew up in virginia. oh, yeah. i've shak hands of the right. yeah. ok. i don't own any myself. right. really?
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you know all in a good while in virginia anymore or little bit. the panthers are planning a patrol in the south west of the city where there have been some recent shooty. you read romance era, we don't like the police coming to town with neighborhoods patrol in our neighborhoods. and so we should give an example of how we can be self, determine the police out here, killing our, you know, people at home and we will patrol in our own neighborhoods. we wouldn't have these situations occur. so yeah, we have a message of separation. we don't want to continue to live with white america anymore. it hasn't worked out. we've tried everything we've worked. we've served we've baked, you know, full equal rights and we continue to be in the same situations. all right, so this is the group for tonight. how you know, of you know, in a day is going on with our people who won't want to call to police on one another and stuff like that. when we're dealing with young boys these days in the household
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were single mothers and things like that. yeah, the number. yeah. yeah, yeah, i'm a number now. so we don't have i have a couple like a mutually jo. i just like is it? well it, but it seems like when you come out here, people are pretty interested in what your job. we come out in the community and people see of, it excites on, you know, course he'll go to college now. yeah, we got a call on here. so we are to say, i would always help brother that go on all we told within our legal rights. we're not doing that wrong. we are peace. all right, you have a good day. all right, all right, we're going to do a quick safety check. it takes us to the open care state long as you don't have any felonies on your record or anything like that. it's okay for your local care is leaking. the u e. p. newton gun club is the defense arm of the party. there's a lot of different ways to, to fight racial and injustice right. why do you think, you know, armed patrols is,
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is the way to go. we had bustling black towns and we were very strong economically . what will happen was we lack the weapon and we're gonna have to defend ourselves . and there's, that's the bottom line. self defense. what role do you think white people have in, in working towards more equality? a lot of people are afraid to say it is the word. reparations is a bad word, is going to be associated with things like welfare and government handouts and stuff like that is not a government handle. i think reparations as well over do. let's go ahead and move out. com right. a few weeks ago ma tray is confir compensation may have surprised me, but i'm starting to notice a pattern amongst a diverse range of activists. oh sure, it's all greatly straight. oh wow. wow. wow. wow. wow. wow. wow. wow. wow, wow. as a white person, i'm way out of my comforts. oh,
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sort of people. i don't agree with their separate is message in our patrols, but i don't feel any hatred from go to black please wrong. i do so. so just to be clear, those those views hate against wides anti some anti semitism. you don't identify with that. no, not at all with a different organization with the different leadership. oh, we're not a hate group. we don't hate anybody. our way actions show we don't have anybody. so how did you feel about the our deal was one the little separate. do you think will i totally out of our mind? will you think we can all get along? i, i've got hope that we can get along, you know, especially if white people are going to come around to the idea of reparations. and, and, you know, trying to make a more fair, an equal society. because if this doesn't change, at some point, is not going to be pretty, is going good. bats will point to where we've begun. at some point, a race was the land of breaking up and dust upon double store in the get so mad is given hopeless. nothing is change in, hopefully you see them coming from a good place and i just want was best for my children and my grandchildren is
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coming after me. we'll look them in. i think there's a couple things that we don't agree on, but i think i'm starting to understand where you're coming from. i hope we both learn some things. always try to take things away from the conversation. flag bow ah, not far from houston is where the last american slaves were finally freed. in 1865 . it's depressing to realize that after a 150 years, some black people feel so let down that they think separation is their only option . making a difference seems almost impossible, but i am determined to do something with a denita. i hear the see you thank you for coming. denita invites me to the national gathering of coming to the table where this year's theme is reparations.
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over the next 2 days, i attend several discussions on what white people can do to help these range from scholarship funds for african americans to tips on how to talk to other white people about racial inequality. the conference gives me a lot of good ideas to take away. there's someone from the coming to the table gathering that i want to hate again, james stephen, i need to apologize for something thoughtless. i said earlier. yeah, yes, i meet up with stephen at a historic house in harrisonburg virginia. stephens trying to raise the funds to save it. of the hands, the construct his home where hands the will formerly held in bondage we were talking and you said, you know, that's what it's like. i've been a black man in virginia, and i said, i could imagine i immediately felt pretty foolish for saying that. no,
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i don't think you could even imagine. i would like to be a black man in the state of virginia. i have to be mindful of every single thing that i say, every single place that i go, every single thing that i do on my body language. my, you know, mannerisms are my tongue. i mean, you know, it's, it's, it's, it's not lost upon me that i have never experienced what a truly means to be free. black people in the united states of america aren't anywhere near free. ah, when you consider, ah, that with one false move. that with one of violation of the fragility of the feelings of white people are our very lives can be taken away from us and ended in an instant. what else can you know, a white person like me do? i want you to see on that,
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despite the best efforts of your ancestors despite ah, on the most cunning and conniving and destructive of plots and plans there were devised by jojo asked us my ancestors overcame what i'm same as i am hoping that you can recognize then that we are equal. ah, because there was a time not that long ago, but where your people didn't see mind that way. i think it's up to people such as yourself and myself, us together to charge the whatever is necessary to make sure we don't perpetuate these lies. would you agree? absolutely. mama can not agree one. i am. could you follow us? on the last night of the national gathering,
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denita asked me to join her at the james river in richmond to walk the same trail as her and slave ancestors. with beckdolt, lived in a sack of bondage and at the legacy i made the leg before. cor society or staging a reenactment, specially for coming to the table della i ho africans captured trade. it dragged from their mother land and the odor. after 910 weeks at sea. so offensive this concealed cargo did embarked only at night to the crack of the whip in the shadows and shame them ha! is called mon main. ha ha
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ha! oh what i get your mouth shut. no head now let go. oh no. oh, for over an hour i want the same dirt path that hundreds of thousands of the slave africans were forced to follow them. go. as i think about the magnitude of their suffering and sacrifice, i feel a deepened sense of shame and sorrow that their descendants have never received a formal apology or a penny and compensation from the u. s. government. so that was really intense. it was absolutely humbling on and i just kept thinking about everything that had been taken away from the people that arrived on those
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shores and how there's no way that that could ever be given back to them. i decide to join the fight for reparations. not just because of my ancestors, but because morally it's the right thing to do. all of us must take responsibility for repaying the vast debt, owed to black people so that future generations can finally have an equal share of the opportunities and wealth of this nation. it works. mm mm
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ah hey, they're great to see you here is your weather report for asia and australia. we're going to begin in japan as slug of rain just off to the coast here on tuesday. let's press play. see where it goes. by wednesday it may strike tokyo with some showers, but the bigger story is really that see effects. now where flip the switch on. so we do have some snow over the hills of honju snow. borders and skiers are loving this winter so far. okay. central eastern portions of china, a slug of rain and snow across the yangtze river valley northwind in shanghai as
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dragon down the temperature. and it's gonna stay that way for the next few days. a below average by day you should be 8 degrees and only high of 6 on friday. so can range across the philippines, rounds of rains here from sebu right into the bow and in fact, a vow. there is a severe, a flood warning in play for this region, se stage our usual plentiful storms here, but next stop or go into australia and really why it across much of the country toward the north. same goes for the east and we've got it south facing when. so perth, your temperature is now at $32.00. well after $37.00 days, the dry streak ends for auckland. we've got wet weather pulling in to the northland region. also, human conditions is wall showers for gives ben with a hive 26 degrees on tuesday, sir, later. ah, even via the conspiracy theory claims muslim in a treaty,
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he knew women into marriage and converting one aisd investigate b. o. now does you ah, this is al jazeera, a hello, i'm barbara sarah. this is the, i'll just say we're news our life from london. thank you for joining us. coming up in the next 60 minutes. working at fossils are me says it's out there to president rock boring, dissolved the government, the national assembly and seized power. plus we will always do what is necessary to protect on the fans of all our allies. nato says it's.

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