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tv   People Power Nambia The Price of Genocide  Al Jazeera  March 29, 2022 2:30am-3:01am AST

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well in mesa, arizona, google fiber contractors in missouri and new york city, ari i sporting goods store workers, seem empowered by the great resignation, the wave of workers leaving their jobs during the pandemic. the company has been calling workers in for mandatory meetings to explain to them why they should not unionize. the company's perspective is that it works better with employees when it does so directly and not through a 3rd party, but many pro union workers say when that happens, it's the company that sets the rules. one alabama worker was confident enough to take aim at amazon's billionaire owner, who also owns the blue origin space company. it's not really worth it to stay with the company who doesn't care about me as much as they care about. just be those going to the moon. it could take weeks to count up to 6100 ballots before it's clear. if workers here have opted to unionize. and whether organize, labor can gain ground deep in the heart of dixie. john henderson, al jazeera bessemer, alabama. ah,
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this is al jazeera and these other top stories. now ukrainian officials say they have reclaimed opin from russian forces. the city north west of cuba has seen heavy fighting since russia began. it's pushed towards the capital last month of the gift restore. who is your opinion? the occupiers have pushed away from her pin and key, but it's still too early to talk about safety in this part of our region fighting continues, russian troops hold the north of the key region. they have resources and manpower. they are trying to rebuild destroyed units. the level of 90 percent of losses is not an argument for them to stop. at least 5000 civilians have been killed in mario pulse since russia's invasion began. that's according to the fifty's mer, also says up to 200000 people, remain trapped in the besieged city. fresh round of talks between russia and
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ukraine are due to begin in turkey. both sides will meet face to face and it's done bull tomorrow. suckers, preston, rosette tire, bird one says there has been progress between the 2 sides. each. a lot of tissues, hopefully russian and ukrainian delicate. so leading talks on a slide and paste talks. we'll meet again tomorrow and as stand bowl. we will get together with delegates and make them briefly ahead of the meeting. i can say that the telephone traffic we are carrying out with mr. poot and mr. zelinski as advancing on a positive direction. impeachment proceedings have begun against peruse preston pedro castillo. he appeared before congress in the capital lima to face allegations of corruption, custio's 8 months old government has been marked by crises of those other headlines. and these continues here on al jazeera, after people empower news
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. ah, ah, the in may 2021. the german government acknowledged responsibility for colonial era genocide against the maybe as harrow and them of peoples over 100 years ago. that activists have long campaign to reparations say the compensation and offer doesn't truly reflect the appalling suffering of the thousands who died. we've been to find
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out why i ah, you see on the background over here thus deny me death it. the sand will come and bury everything. but for some reason, the sand, the dunes refused to bury these people because the spirit a strong and they won this story to be torn. when this woke up one cemetery in that background is that people will died in the concentration camp in the desert and across namibia between 9 tion of 4. 19
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o. 8 german colonial forces, displaced and killed up to 80 percent of the around tribe. some $80000.00 people, other ethnic groups like the nama and the san, also suffered grievously at the hands of the colonists. 10000 nama died, half the population, as well as an unknown number of sam. this was the 1st genocide of the 20th century, but by no means the last in many ways, imperial, germany's treatment of the indigenous people of namibia foreshadowed the barbarity of the nazi holocaust against the jews and other groups. during world war 2 the concentration. caswell, really, that's why almost a lot of our people perish from malnutrition, and a lot of them were forced to work on the railway and they basically worked them to
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death, rarer activists. jeff, to go hurry mo, spent most of his adult life fighting for international acknowledgement of the genocide and restitution for the descendants of the victims adjourned district go based on the stories that i recall. my grandmother taught me and then when i started as an adult, i started learning more and learning ball and ever since i have never rested. finally this year, the activism of people like jetta appears to have paid off. in may the german foreign minister, hika mark medic, groundbreaking announcement, it sits it bit siphoned. hoyt, the desire mr. yet of it, sir. at. thus, let's do give isn't, and folk, ahmad, if it can on stem it off to ones that i, his dollars and for i'm for them. and him listed is a historical event of morales and fine thought of deutsche lance weird and vienna me bow and did not come. the oprah winfrey gave bone bitten a few months later,
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namibian germany announced a draft agreement which say both sides will bring closure to the dark chapter of history. if it goes ahead, germany will formally apologize to namibia and pay 1100000000 euros in compensation spread over 30 years. but for jeff to many other hero agreement is deeply problematic. in september, when the bill was presented to the namibian parliament, protest has travelled from near and far to oppose it. wow, it's a policeman march, but quite a very important march because it is raising a number of issues. rejecting the 1100000000. 1 term that the germans was to pay us the very same amount of money that the germans have already given to. not even for the last 31 years is the same under, under pay us shift as traveled from the united states,
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where he now lives to campaign against the agreement. he visits namibia parliament, the site of the protest. it was built using forced labor of captured herrera with nom a genocide survivors. this is a very painful moment for me. ah, standing on this ground as simply because this area there used to be a concentration camps where i insist as were kept and were forced to work a slave labor. my grandmother used to tell me, told me about the jenna's head. it began in launching a fall after the rear of a nama rebelled against german colonists were aggressively seizing their land. in response, the head of the military administration. what was then german south, west africa? general lots of on trotter issued an order to his troops, to exterminate all herrera men, women, and children after defeating the herrera. militarily,
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the germans heard the survivors eastward into the indisputable ma hecky deserts intent to kill him through hunger and thirst. the flight to the east in how are people perish in the disposition of the land? a dead disposition of their cattle and all those then they experience in the concentration camps. my grandmother's mother were captured by the germans and said to neutral patchwork, eileen, in concentration camps. and from there the work of slavery, but some of them died and the fuse it was survived. ah, basically that's where i am here today. but his grandfather's mother wasn't so lucky, my great grandmother was too old and tired to walk and she was left behind. they left her under 3 to die. and that's actually the story that really
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spoke. my interest is like how she died. a death without dignity knowledgeable that it almost every rare a person has a story like this to tell you that you knew. that's why jeff does. documenting a rarer opposition to the agreement. he travels from the capital ventura to oak, a hunter to meet the acting chief of the rear of the heroes were sent to this remote areas to serve as a us of labor poor for the white community. so while industrial industrial is the present in the past, it's hard to distinguish bit has been particularly in these areas. oh, jeff, to meet people here at cooper, who currently the acting chief of the over herero traditional authority, which represents most to rarer namibia. oh, the chief war is official uniform in honor of the moments that are an would he
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a garage? 80 noah was visual which are agreement. i don't want that to go la globin that embody with yeah it there were some new laptop when you did a year. yeah. for the wooded oba wrong human. that normally wouldn't a he wanted to go over a 1000000 buddy. they would have ab concordy of doing, you know, would have that little. but while the agreement and yolanda will the young put us to repress collins, germany's chief negotiator. he says that under international law such negotiations can only take place between states. i not individual groups or there are many groups who say, unfortunately we've been not part of the negotiations. and if i would start to count these groups, i come easily about 101520 groups who are complaining not to have
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been included. but argues kapoor after the holocaust, germany didn't only negotiate with the state of israel. it also negotiated directly with many jewish groups on and others. yeah, but i would of there when i would on a level media web layer and i would, yeah that it won't matter which one, whether the outcomes is caputo is that the namibian government has failed to secure direct compensation for the rarer instead $1100000000.00 euros, which germany plans to pay will be administered by the namibian government. and the im when you go on badges you gay. yank dry your he'd only she could buy you. and when i'm india, do what i me be a you. what did you wound rogers you to do with the america? i do. i've been in it and you know move them on it. no, always all the month long out but they don't ye. even on the 90 pilgrim run,
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i really none below feel. i made it in the name all to come. when did i? okay. well the woman runs fidela. she'd almost oh, i'm glad to let it a man woman, when you won't a we'll kinder to once prosper. sererow, having lost the land and a much prized cattle off to the genocide, now live for the most part in abject poverty. jeff, the visits vin of any curry was one of many, a rarer, struggling to survive. imagine you ready cleaned it than drank a name when it was pulling google engine is equal, correct. what and out of your good out. even man, i got this, you know, how would i so low you'll get another to do full always. yes. yes. it from the now and wind lady. well, i need to know metal or not yet the school in that faded away. oh, there were we know you would only she knew me. we will own will of if will. i know you may. she may have been, as you know, it, india burnett, sienna,
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my name is again, douglas global. my thought could escalate. be deemed any i've been, i seen that yet. i got a bna bay, maddie do that. then i got gwinnett, you know, you know, when you to run an audio vulnerable maddie mumble did the moment been work. what was that number given that randall that who do not understand that you put that on? as you do is you have you go with nicki, then we're good to from getting ready to heat. and it's not only been a vans generation, her suffering, barring some kind of intervention. her children are unlikely to escape the cycle of poverty and making life even harder. the government has recently decreed its amos moved to an even more remote location, landed i. so i got iowa, moscow, liquidity omega animal that will bind her up on that vehicle that up on that she had been drop on dental lead in the mac, angelita better. my god, i was calling me and by your school, your heat is too much is too emotional for me. and
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what's going to happen them taking child sled far away in the kids and that means the kids have to work another 2 hours to school and the kids have nothing to eat. the government has abandoned them. and it's not just in the villages the poverty amongst herrera was rife. it's the same and urban areas. jeff, the travels to swap government, a picturesque coastal town, popular with german tourists. but on the outskirts of the town, we are a people living bleak in formal settlements jeff, to mince lawrence and do move from the country side to the city. well, you know, search of a better life. he has been here for 9 years now. at this place, and there's a way his lives. no electricity, no running water, or the kettle died of drought. and so there is no work. so the best they can come
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is come here. tried to force some food from when the city, torrance and fights shifter into his shack. clearly enough. are you still it's a hand with effect a settlement with it. why is that a genocide woman lawrence tells us to make ends meet as girlfriend must sell these genocide dolls, eating to german tourists before they can give us more for in the concentration? what is that with concentration? we have 22949 or 8. so what do you think about the germans today? cylinder
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t food they have to pay for the detroit. grandma grandparent was that one is the one that take long in our lifetime. money is the is the only thing that can make changes again by our linbeck to get our bell anyways. then we settle their families roses. yeah, we live in a solution can. was there any he is not or a good go as this young people over here, you see running industries over here, they will have nothing to lose but to demand their land back. and that's exactly what's going to happen. this situation is unacceptable and it's acceptable. the sense of economic and political, marginalization among the rarer, has heightened the mistrust of swapper, the ruling party in namibia since 1990. it's amplified the feeling that the government must handle the genocide negotiations with germany. we tried to put us
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to the namibian government, but despite numerous requests, no government official granted us an interview. we did, however, manage to speak to professor faneuil ca palmer, one of number, be as chief negotiators. he himself is a rarer my great grand mother, was a brother of samuel model let do i had a real people during the war of colonial resistance. the agreement to palmer told us was the best. the namibian government could achieve. given germany's tough negotiating tactics. they have always shared away from even mentioning the word genocide, but i did the bigger challenge, who was her own the quantum which has to be maint a very key issue to the point to that heater almost different. then
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there is no difference to the word reparation wise germany, so allergic to the time, reparations. the negotiations in our view have been for political and moral reasons. they are, this was not a legal question. we avoided illegal speech to avoid this kind of misunderstanding. and reparation is illegal term. and therefore we spoke about healing the wounds. which means in a sense, probably the same but not in a legal term, but says palmer, the negotiations were less about healing wounds than they were about avoiding legal liability. what was a very heavy debate later on, they came around and said that, okay, if we agree to pay the parish it, then we will do our we with development it and we said no, those are 2 different things for their victim. community is good reason why
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germany's keen to avoid any payments being labeled as reparations says, heading melba and m a. be an academic, an activist there where war crimes during world war 2. committed in italy, increase in poland and in other eastern european societies. we are local courts there, ruled that the german government should pay reparations to the descendants. germany's refused to accept liability for such claims. but says melba, if reparations were paid to namibia, that might sid a legal precedent. then these rulings would be seen in another light, and then it would become a really expensive for germany. so with direct reparation seeming the off the table. what about the rare a demand that i should get the land,
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or at least some of it returned to them? but any discussion about the return of land must involve its current owners. mostly what number be and farmers who possess vast tracts of it. shift visits hurt, vol. bling, a german namibian who speaks fluent to rarer got up with you. he owns a 15000 hectic farm and the water burge region, which used to be inhabited by the rarer until the germans began the campaign of annihilation against them in 19 o form is julia gordon. my great great grandfather came here in 19 o 7, which was just after the german air rule and farming here and living in close relationship with the wire communities bordering to all offends. and it's very much a farming related. but of course, it brings together our different cultures as well. but when it comes to addressing the past, vol bling,
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like other white german namibian farmers in the region denied that this land used to belong to the rarer this land was a 100 years before that. it was it not inhabited by wire is speaking people to the knowledge. i do have it while touring the farm just to raises the land issue. i don't think ill just buying land and given a given it back will will improve the situation dramatically. i, i doubt that when i think we have to develop the area, we have to develop the people in investing in a better tomorrow, like education and interest structure, schools and hospitals. that people really feel that their life is improving. shifter also wants to know if they can reach a common understanding about the past. do you deny that there was a genocide or you don't deny that? i mean, you, i, i don't question the harm which was done to, oh, i had
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a people how they lost many of their land. they lost almost all the kettle, and i most have, let's say, half of the population yet. his vol bling, he doesn't believe the mass murder of herrera was sanctioned by the government of the time. if there would have been the initial thought of eradicating a certain tribe, but there was not an intention and the relationship to the holocaust is, is for me it is far fetched. but shift is next visit. illustrates that for many a rarer historical links between the genocide and the holocaust aren't far fetched at all. he travels to shock island, which used to be a notorious concentration camp guerrero. nama who survived death in the desert approach. yeah, and used to slave labor is said is where our ancestors were kept and
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the gym instead of this goes the duration chem and the use gall historians, florida. the desk him my great grandmother was at this side, and likely she, later when the people that are complaining the she was frustrated, the suave of mood, but most 0 nama we held here, didn't survive. a lot of lot of people. perry's death and starvation was what killed a lot of people over here in the when they die, their body were thrown in the sea and those who went work to death was subjected to the horrors. and this is where they did their medical experiment on the now my inherited medical is women based on my grandmother. they were fascinated with her. some of them of her pupil, we have like got blood, the guns are like dahlgren palace. so there was great that is great that until it
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bleeds to find out what is the cause of that? i don't know what was the whole point, but the bottom line is, this was their biggest fear was to go to that medical center. they knew that well as you go there, you are not going to be alone. in that medical center, prisoners were subjected to many forms of systematic abuse. but being injected with diseases such a smallpox, typhus, and tuberculosis of poisons like arsenic. they were also used as human material for you genic research. in order to conduct the pseudo scientific research, german doctor sent the skulls of the seas, prisoners back to germany. aiming to scientifically prove the rational inferiority of africans, so essence of human remains, scalds skeletons. and so on, where transported back to the german empire. those human remains
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awe in sherman basements of museums of hospitals, and only in 2011. i think for the 1st time a few of them were returned to namibia, the man overseeing these inhumane practices. but she genesis dr. eugene fisher. he and other colonial officials later became prominent leading figures in the race ideology of nazi germany, businesses our shores. but unlike germany's ash fits this no official recognition at shock island of the crimes which were perpetrated here, there is no mention about the heroes at all. it's not a can been said, so we'll show a lot of germans. they come here and camp and maybe as they come and camp as if
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this is just a normal place to where to now the rarer and the struggles for justice and reparations. what do you say to german americans? he said there wasn't a genocide here. that's not fair. what do i say to them? nothing. we are going to get our land back and how we're going to take it. i don't know. but we, our i'm said in just the way i was said in that one did gemini, will be willing to apologize probably just the way or sit in the germany one day will pay reparation. even though they are saying we are going to give you like a, just a or development and it just, this will happen. who her, people are resilient people from what we have gone through. what my people have gone through from jenna said disposition concentrates income. and for my father and my great grandparents to regain i'm new to reconstitute themself
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and send me to school and they walk straight any more with their head down. and so that's the way i'm going to work. i'll walk straight. if my head up ah ah. a is the warn you, craig? brian's on al jazeera correspondence, bring you every angle. there is a few military prices erupt in on multiple fronts. if not only managed to escape the world, but also the harshness of life on the russian occupation. troy street,
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totally destroyed. keep central station has become evacuation central station with russian forces coming closer. tensions are going up by the hour. stay with al jazeera, for the latest developments. from the world's most populated region. in den and untold stories across asia and the pacific. to discover the current events with diverse coaches and conflicting politics. one 0, one east. on al jazeera. ah, they joined one of the world's most notorious armed groups. but found a way out, rebuilt their lives. and now help us
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a tale of forced recruitment child soldiers. and what have we pick? exploitation of women. daughters avow chabad. part of the radicalize youth. siemens on al jazeera. ah. ukraine's military claims it has retaken at a pin that a capital key, if from the russians a day after recapturing another strategic city in the north ukrainian and russian officials arrive in turkey for a new round of talks to try and end the fighting, which is set to enter the week ah, on carry johnston. this is al jazeera ally from de also coming up.


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