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tv   The Stream  Al Jazeera  April 14, 2022 5:30pm-6:01pm AST

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information is out there, but it looks like that they were struggling over the taser for about 90 seconds. police killings of black americans in recent years, particularly the videotape death of george floyd and minneapolis launched the black lives matter movement in protests across the us. whatever conclusion the investigation finds in this case, lawyers family and civil rights activists are left to mourn, yet another police killing of an unarmed black american john henderson. al jazeera, a little bit of good news and you days has been set for ukraine's fif, a world cup playoff much after it was delayed by russia's invasion of the country. the national team will play scotland on june. the fust in the hopes of qualifying for the 2022 cats out weld cup. it was originally scheduled for late march, a teams a vying for a spot in group b alongside england, iran and the u. s. ah,
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this is our desert. these you top stories, the flagship of rushes, black sea fleet, has been severely damaged by a blast. ukraine says it hit the warship moskva with cruise missiles. moscow says a fine on board ko it's, i mean mission to explode. dasa jabari has multiple sca. what did you koreans claim is that they struck this vessel, but the russians said that it was a accidental fire. at that i broke out said, regardless, it is certainly out of commission for the foreseeable future. this vessel was providing a lot of support in terms of a missile strikes against various targets in and around the port city of mary. awful. oh, which is now seeing a heavy ground offensive from the russian military. and at this latest incident will certainly be viewed as a setback for their military funerals and taking place off to 5 palestinians were
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killed by his already forces, including a 14 year old boy. dozens of others were arrested and raids in the occupied. westbank, lebanon's government says the grain silos that were damaged and a huge explosion of bay roots port 2 years ago will be demolished. officials say that to damage to be left standing and too expensive to repair. this is despite family saying they should be preserved as a memorial for the $215.00 victims of the blast, which was caused when a fire broke out at a warehouse that was storing chemicals. wells which is managed on mosque is made of $41000000000.00 bid to buy twitter. twitter says it will carefully review the offer . moscow owns tesla and space ex, recently bought a 9 percent stake in the social media platform. okay. as you headlines the stream of next the world is warming,
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and green lynn's ice sheet is melting, which is changing everything from sea levels to the way people live. and now even exposing the remnants of a cold war, paused greenland the melting of the frozen north on al jazeera with i and said, the okay, i am starting this episode of the stream with some very striking pictures of war, debris on farm land in ukraine. there is a direct connection between what you can see in these fields in ukraine and what is happening with the price is in your local store or your market. and that is because ukraine and russia share a lot of global productions and key food products like sunflower oil and wheat, and barley and fertilizer. so in this episode of the stream, we are going to look at how the war in ukraine is impacting and fueling
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a global food crises of what can be done about it. you an estimate that 55000000 people in the middle east in north africa are malnourished. and this can get worse because of we some ice increases. but there are things that governments can do to help. and that begins with a global or ignition that food is not a commodity like any other is essential to human rights. and that means governments need to regulate prices or provide support to make sure that everybody can afford enough nutritious food. and the global markets also need to begin to treat crude as a rate and not a commodity. johnny, i conversation today, we have shanda and david and katerina gets apple free of you with a shadow. these introduce yourself to him to international audience. i am shy the mug ruby, i am the you on world quit program spokesperson in new york. get to have you. hello david phase. introduce yourself to the stream. audience. tell them who you are and
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what you think i'm be freeburg. i'm the ceo of the production board, which is an investment holding company based in california that worked across food and agriculture. we really operate at the intersection of technology and get to have you catarina, welcome to the stream. please introduce yourself to audience. hello, my name is katrina chang. i'm from ukraine. every present, largest ukraine, aggressive station you created as a business club. you get to have you. all right, so audience, you heard who on our panel, and if you have comments or questions about food points is a global food emergency that is happening right now. comment sections right here, be part of today's show. and you may remember those 2 pictures of munitions that i showed you on farmland in ukraine. they came from catarina katherine and we have more pictures. would you help us understand what it is that some of the farmers a thing on the line? let's start with this picture, and this gives us an example of what they're having to deal with and try and form
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at the same time. yeah, it is a very challenging situation now in ukraine talking about killing campaign. it's basically impossible to do this doing campaign in current circumstances, rockets and mines on the fields. we have some areas of ukraine where it's still a war zone. no go, we don't work. so basically those farmers are not able to start touring campaign even approximately it's around 30 percent of the area. and that is a huge challenge now at this moment in other areas where it's less minds and less royal kids. so we have challenges with the fuel, with fertilizers, with seeds, some equipment, because the, for example, with a few russia has many of the fuel storage is in ukraine and that causes a deficit now on the market. so lots of challenges and those are oak, it's actually 10 kilometers away from ki if adolfo
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channel is always the the thought that okay, this war is over here and i'm on the other side of the world. what is that war got to do with me? but it's because of some of them keep products that come out of ukraine and come out of russia that the whole world is impacted. can you tell us more? give us a few examples? absolutely, by me, i mean the think about this particular crisis is that we have seen, you know, as well to program. we've seen a lot of crises and conflicts. this may be similar severity, but the consequences of these crisis are really unprecedented. and it's really triggering, we're seeing a collateral hunger across the world. you're talking about 2 countries that account for 30 percent of global reproduction around 20 percent of the global based production. so these are critical players in global food security. and any,
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you know, disruption in the supply chain is going to be felt way beyond the borders of this crisis and the conflict. and if you look at our current situation today with russia, ukraine, and, and not just wheat, but something will embody tonight. it's a really good hard lesson on how we get food around the world and how wonderful we are. can you spell that out for us, david, please. so i think it's important to note around the world. the entire planet operates on roughly a 90 day supply of food. that's how much food we have. if we add up all the food and all of our stores and our grain been around the world. so we need to be constantly producing food to keep those stocked up. so it's good. production goes down by say, 10 percent. you lose half of the world, stock of food, and that isn't evenly distributed. what ends up happening is countries that are heavily dependent on importing their food, importing their wheat and importing their calories. they're going to lose out 1st.
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and those are the countries that are at risk of starving. there are countries like, you know, so again, around the world, 90 days of supply, egypt has roughly 90 days of supply. china has one and a half years worth of food supply and other countries like somalia, tunisia have less than a month of supply. and so when there is a break in the supply chain that bring food from the farm to the processors to the food companies, to the stores, the countries that have more stock and have more supply can handle that. and the countries that don't are the ones that are going to be critically impacted. the biggest driver that's going on in the market right now is all of that food that comes off of the farm is being bought in a commodity market. and that commodity market being fairly heavily affected by the forecast of how much food farmers are going to be able to make on their farms over the next year. because fertilizer prices have gone up so high. so that all sounds very complicated, but that's the connecting the dots on why this crisis is causing such a crisis,
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such a problem. so if i understand it correctly, for instance, if fertilizer cost you a $100.00 and then it goes up to costing you $500.00, but it cost you $600.00 to do the farming. maybe it's not even worth solving that. yeah. maybe just take that year with that season off. that's the problem. and if you don't know, people are going to go hungry. so the, if i live in the last few months, so sorry, i don't know why they're in the past in the, in the past 3 months, 4 months has gone up 2 to 3 time. yeah. and as it gone up that high, a lot of farmers, particularly farmers that make a small profit. so you know what, i cannot make money for me and they take their farming acre down and they make less food. and that's what the forecast is looking at. it's how much food is going to come out in the next year because farmers are going to be able to make aren't gonna be able to make, make much food this year. the farm, the united state, cor, farmers have already reduced their acres by 5 percent, which is
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a huge cutback. and that's because of the price of fertilizer going up refold. no, just to build on what david was saying, i mean according to our estimates, if the crisis continues past april, we're looking at, you know, i would cultural production and harvest being cut by 50 percent in ukraine and then even possibly 25 percent in russia. so it really is a very critical situation and you know, for a w s p, we were even looking at the impact of this crisis on the number of people who are suffering from acute levels of hunger. and we expect if this continues past april, that around 47000000 additional people will be suffering from acute hunger throughout the world in the 81 countries that we operate in. so this is really a huge deal because it's a 17 percent jump from the 276000000 that are already suffering from this issue. so
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it's really important to really look into the implications and the consequences of this crisis. and it's happening at such a glacial pace. i think this is the biggest challenges that we're in a race against time country and i'm going to share this graphic with you. let me go ahead and just to comment please. i would say that it is less than 2 days of war now, where you must already only 2 percent of the companies pay salary. my company, for example, on those 2 percent, but you can imagine if all the ports in ukraine blocked now by russia. and there's no expert from ukraine of grain, and we're feeding off on $15000000.00 tone of corn, for example, which is supposed to be shipped to african countries to asia, to middle east until the new harvest comes. so what tragedy dave eat, these war is not going to stop soon. in the 4th,
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i'm not going to be going through. and gun ukrainian pharmacy will not have money to continue filled works and we're not talking now about the harvest 2022. because as i said, those who have the ability to do the phone book. now we do the phone book and we do this during conveying on 70 percent of ukrainian lent as of today. but we will not have money to do this. don't complain of next year, which already starts in august with a winter crops. and that's a huge challenge, that's a tragedy. and that can cause a big problem for outside. you've really frank, the problem. so very clearly i want to then hone in on. what do we do about this? we don't have to just sit and watch it happen necessarily. this is lee palo roney. she's the secretary general of our 1000, which is the italian feed industry association. again, she explained some of the biggest challenges that she had in italy. and then let's talk about how we fix them. we have 2 different kind of problem. the 4th one
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is really a feed security problem due to the fact that the shipment of the black sea food isn't iteration to these in finding core. that is one of the main ingredients for the animals. and the 2nd one is actually think we use the pricing we experienced during the an increase, right? the scenes generate fence 20 bucks in 3 weeks. so we got a next spring of 25 percent of the roman curia, but also the one on energy create really pressure on this g. this means that far may i have read next because that has to deal with that. it's not, it's not easy to change. but what, what we should do, i need to avoid to have to shut down production. so yes, i got your 3 great brains to see if we can do some brainstorming head. i want to
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share this with you. this is from lawrence, her dad on twitter. no one says we live in an interdependent world, but we do need to diversify. breadbasket africa, and the world needs more african bread and vege baskets. and then down here on this graphic, african dependence of wheat from russia and ukraine. schanzer thoughts on this diversification. if just 2 countries take up so much of we production so much of fertilizer production, then if anything happens, any design so much the happens, then that has a ripple effect. what about diversification? is that possible? can we do that now? city late. well, i mean, absolutely. i think this is a really good idea. and as a matter of fact, the secretary general actually launched a report today to look into the ripple effect of the ukraine crisis on 3 areas, food, energy and finance. and it will start launching
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a series of policy police that's going to really look at some of the solutions. because while everybody's looking at, you know, rightly so, the, the devastation and the destruction that's happening in the country as a result of the crisis. there's this, you know, parallel economic and fuel crisis, the happening of the same time and really impacting those who are most vulnerable, who are literally on the brink of starvation. these are the ones who are paying the heaviest price, of course, as well as the people in ukraine. so there's definitely an effort to look deeper into this and look into solutions such as diversification. for the time being, we need to at least contain the situation and not make mattress worth. and these are some of the immediate things, keep the food and energy markets open as much as possible. and, you know, not sort of have the unnecessary restriction saving phase. they think i can see got
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thought so ready to jump out of his mouth. guy david. yeah. so, so i think it's important to understand how the food supply chain worth there are these natural commodities that come off the farm and then they get processed in food factory into food. and each of those factories are designed to take a certain commodity and turn it into a certain product that you can take. we turn to flour, turn it into bread. it's not that easy, therefore, to just take rice and turn rice into calories for the local population. using the same infrastructure, so we have to change the supply chain. if we're going to do that, which means instead of making the food locally from commodities, we would have to make the food remotely and then import that food in its finished product. and that would require a lot of logistical consideration using transportation mechanism, like cargo vessels and whatnot. there is a way to do this, but it requires a concerted inter governmental effort. but the problem is many of these markets operate today at the private market. the government doesn't run the food company,
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they don't make the food, they don't farm. and so we would have to figure out how to get the u. n. or some inter governmental agency to coordinate the countries that can make the final food product using the commodities that are available locally. for example, in china. and then how do you get that final product to africa and the horn of africa and northern africa? that's impossible to me, and i have a comment for you on youtube. i want to see what your, your candid responses, so on youtube, quite out soft, says, other countries will begin to take ukraine's agriculture market. begin to fill the gap is not a fear that you have right now. it's a new station for us. actually, we are concerned know about dissertation inside, you can and also outside of ukraine. as you know, ukraine increased production from $20000000.00 ton of grain per year, up to $100000000.00 from of green per year. for example, we consume 7000000 ton of corn and we export on with 30000000 ton of corn. so we
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can do more. we can process inside the country more, but as of now, this condition need to be fun fun. now, you know, like when it just took now the next scene is to open now because all the other kind of, you know, sort of solutions to take time. and i doubt if we have that much of time, i think perhaps in many countries that should support you brain. now more so far manufacturing countries middle middle is it's been countries and asian countries were supporting you going in, you and vote, but not more than that. i think we need to do more than that and open lexi for the roles. sake talk to us about the right can i can i just say one more. so i think it's look the biggest issue we say the biggest issue over the next year or 2 years, 3 years is the price of natural gas. the price of natural gas has gone up by $2.00
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to $3.00 x. when that happened, 98 percent of the world's nitrogen fertilizer, which is the most expensive ingredient performing around the world. all farmers around the world use nitrogen fertilizer, 98 percent of nitrogen fertilizer is made using natural gas. when natural gas prices went up by 3 fault because of the conflict, the price for fertilizer around the world went up by $3.00 fault everywhere because all the fertilizer companies need to buy natural gas to make fertilizer. that is a bigger crisis that we need to resolve. 100 percent agree with caterina that we need to get the food out of the black sea across the black the. we need to export an opening markets and in the conflict. but there are strategic reserves around the world that can be relieved. the natural gas that can provide some relief and the pressure on the price. will anyone do that? because what i see in kind of, i did you tell me i'm telling you as a consumer, tell me as an expert, go ahead. no look. i mean, it's a critical question, right?
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so, you know, once the government start doing this and they start intervening in energy market prices, it can, it can have a lot of military effect because some people have bought and sold based on market prices. but if we want to avoid the catastrophic food catastrophe that's about to hit us, we need to drop the price of ammonia fertilizer. we need to drop the price of natural gas. we need to get government around the world to release their natural gas reserve war very quickly resolve a trade agreement that allows russia to export natural gap in an open way without sanction. because the sanction are making natural gas expensive and coughing. so dave, a very briefly, how would you even be out to allow david to say that right? go ahead, go ahead. i think it's a better idea, david, i think we're 1st to finish this war and then the gas prices will go down naturally . because what is happening now,
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it should not be happening and that through the 21st century we're all interconnected. you know, this is one planet for us. so basically, what if the stopped and then the natural gas is going to be don't, that's what i think the way i'm kind of, i'm not a moral, i'm not, i'm not a moral advocate. what is proposed? i was answering your question about, you know, what, what do they solution? and that's it. so that is a solution. it's probably not a popular one and it's not one that'll work. but if we want to have a chance to bring any animal time on a solution, if you don't think it's gonna let me go back here to the black sea catarina, you mentioned the black sea, and i'm just going to show it because it's so important here because at the moment you can't get farmers can't get that port juice out because why just finish my sentence here is the black. see here? yeah, this is lexi and you see mc alive where there war was still actions and like line and this guy. yes. right. there, week ago now you can push the back and we have
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a disa board, which a very important but also what has happened in russia have put a couple of sex ships you know, around that coast. and some of the, those who look at that you showed, in the beginning of the program, will actually send from submarine in this lexi area. so can you imagine they are flying when 1000 kilometers you know, to keep from the black sea? so that is how russia is using lexi now, and we need to look at, you know, i think this ships out take their minds out of the and as you can see, does not belong solely to russia. there are other countries you have borders on the black sea, so this is impacting all of these countries. you have a coastline along the black sea. i want to go to bama because bremo was talking about what the rock government is doing right now to manage the emergency,
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the food emergency that is happening around the world. he was by brushes of russia and ukraine had a massive electro mental effect on ordinary iraqis, causing significant increases in the price of food, for example, flowing out by a 3rd in price. and we also saw cooking oils rise up to 50 percent in some places causing mass parameters around a country. or we then saw was a direct response by the iraqi government in a comprehensive, yet short term approach. firstly, there was this program to do to me food to the needy, including specific provisions for the only month of ramadan. in addition to that, they were salary supplements to those who were pensioners and civil service, the blow a particular threshold addition to that, we also sure suspensions of some customs particular good as one government that completely understands the crisis that they are in and maybe for many months
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to come, i want to show you something here. searching global food prices to fit price index in 2018 to $20.00. 22. you can see here 2020, when the prices start to go up. that, of course, at the beginning of our pandemic, that we're still in and in 20, 22 february. wow. look how high it is that i'm looking for solutions. i promise solutions, as well as explaining why we have this global fleet emergency. and for one solution, we go to donna, which is a really interesting idea how we get together and collaborate as well. yes, yes. so when we look at which economies had access supplies, the u. s. india, european union, and brazil really stand out. for example, india followed by the u. s. had extra supplies and wheat. they can go to economies including those in sub saharan africa, as well as asia in the middle east. when it comes to warn you have many economies,
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i can step in certainly the u. s. is number one fall by the euro area with other types of foods, like oats and sorghum. again, the, you ask that you really stand out as a. com. the 2nd step and certainly of all of these countries provide access as of supplies of food. we can prevent it from sort shortage and also greater from the insecurity fraser, we have so much food insecurity around the world. so many crises around the world that the w f p is trying to manage, trying to support people in many different places. what is the worst case scenario? are we in it or not yet? that's a good question for me. i think. yeah. the thing is, is that even before the ukraine crisis erupted, we were warning about a year of unprecedented hunger and neat, you know, due to factors such as a proliferation of conflict, climate change,
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the socio economic impact of cobit 19 and also rising food prices and cost of living, so this crisis is not happening in a vacuum. we were already warding about a ghetto, an unprecedented year of hunger, i think in terms of the solutions. yes, there's immediate solutions and you know, we can try to contain the damage. but really, if we really want to move the needle, we really need to have more international collaboration. moore's commitment to agreement such as the power agreement as a country is really ending. conflict respect for seats, buyers and implementation of the fires. i think these are the ways where we can actually move anyhow. that actually was in today's episode chapter. thank you so much. and david and katerina for youtube as well, appreciate your comments, your thoughts asi next time. take everybody ah
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. witness. peace, witness. love. witness. ball. witness. the world. witness. next door. witness. life witness. but arduous error. ah, this is al jazeera ah, hello, i'm rob matheson, this is the news, our life from doha. coming up with like 60 minutes explosions on the largest war ship in russia's black sea fleet. moscow says it was an accident. ukraine says 8 targeted the vessel with cruise missiles, 6 palestinians are killed in his ready raids and overnight violence in the occupied west bank. britain plans to sense.

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