tv Al Jazeera Investigations The Cyprus Papers Undercover Al Jazeera July 28, 2022 9:00am-10:01am AST
a bengal tiger horizons, a suddenly whiten when she lands an unlikely row in a feature film. but how long can have bitter sweet freedom last? when crisis strikes the z? ah, with miss meyer a tiger tail on al jazeera, the great thing about being amused presenter at a net book like al jazeera is that it's a truly global operation. if you will, child is here a, you're seen news from parts of the world. other networks just don't cover your getting a truly global perspective. we have an extensive network of bureaus around the world. we have many, many correspondence in all corners of the globe. if you really want to know what's happening in the world right now, you need to be watching al jazeera. ah
. i'm about as an endo, on the top stories analogy 0 that have been reports of multiple miss all strikes and the ukranian capital keep air raid sirens have been had across the city, an air defenses of believe to been activated. it comes as ukraine. marx is 1st state to day following a proclamation by president vladimir zalinski. john henderson's in keith with more . what we've learned from bella vision authorities that 25 rockets have been fired from their soil. many of them, 9 of them, landed in true near that north of key, but others landed in the cave region. and then there were also strikes near harkins into google. and we also have learned that this city of odessa has a fire. we don't know what the cause of that is. so on. what is the 1st statehood day here in ukraine? it has been celebrated with fire. that is, of course,
not how the ukrainians planned to celebrate it. those rockets came largely from belarus and hark, it has been struck day after day after day. and if the fire in odessa is indeed from foreign sources, that will be the 3rd time odessa has been hit since in agreement was made a turkish broker agreement between russia and ukraine to allow grain to leave that and other ports on the black sea through what are supposed to be safe waters, but glutamine lensky, the president of ukraine, has said, you can't trust russia to abide by this agreement. and if indeed, this is a 3rd strike on a desk that would make it quite difficult to get that grain out of these ports. as ukrainian authorities have said, they intend to do this very weak. russian gas supplies to europe have dropped by 80 percent compared to levels just a few days ago. watching gas company gas problem has reduced flow through the north
stream one pipeline. so having a problem with a turbine, the e u says moscow's using energy supplies to retaliate against western sanctions. hundreds of protesters who stormed iraq's parliament have now left the supporters of shia cleric, mercado asada were demonstrating against the nomination of a new prime minister who belongs to a pro iran block. not one of the one had is following developments in baghdad. or we don't have mac modes, reports will carry on other moments, the u. s. federal reserve is increasing its key interest rate by 3 quarters of a point to 2.5 percent. the increase is part of an aggressive drive to control soaring inflation. but francis has reaffirmed an apology to canada's indigenous people in a meeting with communities and the province of quebec. the head of the roman catholic church has asked for forgiveness for decades of abuse. carried out a church run residential schools. these condemned policies of forced assimilation
carried out of the institutions. gun battles have erupted in the haitian capital between water believe to be armed gangs. the street fights on wednesday are thought to be a battle over the territory. in the center of portal, france has been a spiky gang violence as president, juvenile, noisy, was assassinated last year. one of the u. k. is most respected, independent scientists, and the creator of the so called gaia hypothesis has died on his 103rd birthday. james love, luke was known for his theory that the earth is a single self regulating community of interacting organisms. his $11960.00 guy, a theory of formed the basis of much of today's climate science. love lock was also one of the 1st sciences to show that chemicals of destroying the ozone layer. it warned that climate change would be a tipping point for the planet. israeli forces have used to tear gas against palestinian protestors rallying against the establishment of an illegal settlement
near the village of evil harness in the occupied west bank and administrators raised the palestinian flag and chanted slogans in the streets near the settlement of balkan, the nigerian army says it's found to female students who would abducted from a high school by bulk or hot arm and 2014. the women are now being cared for in a military medical facility. both had children with them when they were discovered . and that's all for now from all to say that we're going to have more headlines for you in about half an hour. good black ah, l j, there is investigative unit,
goes under cover in cyprus. we reveal how the specter of corruption hangs over the islands, passport by investment scheme, a lease with invest in warfare with it. and we show how a convicted criminal might obtain a european passport for the right price. i have people take us with our investigation leads to one of the highest offices of state, the president of the parliament. i see. busy that if i have to prepare my days, we show how a criminal with a golden passport could change his identity to evade justice wasn't convinced
before a foreigners who invested 2 and a half $1000000.00, often in luxury homes, can obtain a separate passport under the cypress investment program, the holder of a cypress passport has the right to live and work across the european union. there is an island in the mediterranean, where prosperity is a way of life. cypress welcomes the world. the al jazeera investigative unit obtained a leak naming tune a half 1000 people, purchased a separate passport. we called it the cypress space, a cypress papers made global headlines
about it that the dad wants you to show that make well quote on just a little away. the side with all my life with commission is frequently braced its concerns about invest a citizen scheme. i think it was a lap pikeno, and i think that i'll just here is investigation revealed that many new citizens should not have received passports. is they linked to crime warranty suspected convicted cyprus? this minister of interior dismissed al jazeera is evidence double gun your al jazeera. then in the given us your, up here. a lot of i got, i got that the sky blue, the revelation spot anger in the european union. the european commission should put cypress before the european court of justice. european justice commissioner says
he'll consider legal action to stop cyprus from selling to citizens. and i think if it's needed to introduce an improvement proceeding, all to problem was uninterested. what was the separate government says it always acts in good faith and that it's tightened. rules on whom kind of pain citizenship in future or not. they went up what i'm also about increment of just the me bobo, at least on a dish on lose lose and becca video to people who have been the program of the minister claim cypress. never knowing the allowed convicted criminals to obtain european passports got enough to here. then you can go in and you end up with phillip with them that are more the only going to going to get us you on us for the us. i like it is important. now al jazeera is investigative unit brings further revelations that go to the of the superior state. ah,
we begin in london under cover reporters. persuade a former british policeman. 10, fix it that they are, rich, klein needs one of cyprus, his golden passports. the investigative unit creates a nameless, fictional applicant who will call mister x. ah, they told a former policeman that the applicant was chinese, very rich, that he fled from china with his illegally obtained wealth. and that he received a 7 year prison sentence in absent here. for bribery and money laundering. with the investigation, moved to cyprus. the 1st stage for a criminal to receive a european passport is a meeting with a right property agents. mm
hm. mm hm. the former policeman now an enabler, arranges for our under cover report is to meet his contacts with denise k and her husband owned the, sold on cyprus estate agency. you said 5 of south south on fi press because way can or under cover reporters are advised to move to a more private location. we'll have a chat. when we go to denise and has been tony, kate helped those who invest in their property to get separate passports lives here, love the island with us.
with our undercover reported billy and says he represents our made up applicant, mr. x. by returning his be kind, this is for people he called us on issues in china. we named our 2nd undercover reporter and g. she's acting as billy's assistant ah, china's going lunch. talk to hugh for probably a corrosion. he was very well collected and he got an information, got it all before who a police took action. so you, so that is news and as it's in china and move the money through my car
casino g. now us hong kong, i do call citizenship. the chinese coleman's centers a hain, for 7 years po for those. if he does that, if you review returns, then he will be sentenced for 7 years. he will be in 10 inch jail because the same as was make other his absence. according to the rules of the cyprus investment program, a successful applicant needs a police certificate, confirming a clean criminal record. the person who we also now put in a sub was integration, has been moving hong kong for bow 2 years. like i think actually years 2 years like this century leave. place the quote from hong kong. oh sorry. the boy ran to the 2nd. yes. what a shy then?
yeah. who's not going to hang on to the song of the independence as before, the chinese sergeant, i was huge in frontier, so i'm sure you got the low juice or some lubrication from the chinese so he can for all the phone, call them to cyprus, freely. what you in the veto the cypress investment program. oh, golden passport scheme has brought over $8000000000.00 to the supreme economy. since 2013 most of that has gone into real estate. the case connect the island property business with its golden passport program. the software program came along, then it just exploded, is about getting sound investments and producing the possible and getting it done quickly and efficiently. they're part of a specialized team of enablers. you'll need to say the lawyers,
the accountants, the says, if you saint consulate arrive, we chaperone. we look often they treated very, very well. when i leave here, they'll be lost sight for us and we will achieve whatever i need to achieve. tongue, how many pieces you off in the household? hundreds and we have a 100 percent success. right. 100 percent. 100 percent? 100 percent because of the $130.00. she has a name that will crop up throughout our investigation and come on. the pool person is chris harris. yeah, he's a member. he's actually very, very, very good, bad to know when he comes to doing what we're doing right now to stock. his giovanni has been a member of the separate house of representatives for 9 years. he also runs giovanni group, one of the largest property developers in the country. an event of significant
consequence began with a vision to create a reputable trustworthy organization. he unlocks the key chris background. he has a big development company. he was from very humble background, but he feels very politically bouncing. i see for many years very hard respecting, very, very high respects. in cyprus, everybody will know him, respect him. he knows everyone on the boat, we kissed the paper very, nate, the board of the cypress investment program includes representatives from the interior and finance ministries and a government investment authority. there are some cards that we've health, food assistance to get parcels and some problem back to school, but we manage through chris's connectivity to break all the rows
and in an unprecedented way. we got the past full issue. come very, very funny. that is, cause a dream, becomes a reality. after years of diligence is excellent. is a solution, find, there is a solution always. obviously, the country doesn't want to have terrorists that want to have people. so the diligence is more about keeping these people out of the possible escape. but if you've got people, critical people with reasons for these problems to help them explain it to the very highest people and say this is position. what can we do? a lot of people want to, you know, use we can not so many get out there with tony and denise k. arrange for our undercover reporters to see the giovanni groups newest investment
opportunity. welcome to our world of luxury setting. when a cyprus is most sought after areas, sun city is a landmark on its own is actually to put on for each b like policy. so does it apply the pool? yes. so that one is what? focal point. 8 video. i got a a e fear doris. haji zachary ash, is a property advisor for the giovanni group. they bought this one on his mother, folks to come get us both in case but i,
because his mother is buying another apartment. so another application of us. but we come through some city is a 1st of a kind by star resort hotel combined with residence is that past is being late for mr. rex, convicted, money laundering, to invest in cyprus and obtain a passport they can buy and a from y c. how can then limited company a can i have no money director so that his name is never shown. they can have a company with money in, you know, in front of that aspect of invest in his office. that will be attractive to these kinds of gentlemen where there are problems a cost more money to achieve these things. so what we will do is find out who has to be spoken to as prepay, what best needs to be made? if there is a headache, we find out exactly what we find. if there's a solution,
we can come to you and say this is the solution. is this set to go? if is acceptable, then we proceed. he's absolutely the right person for what we're talking about. this is where it all began on world of luxury and counter. what i'll do is so during the course of your few days here, introduce you to a lawyer. but a lawyer will give you the breakdown of every document the time, which includes police. frank called, now is the police record comes back and it's not good. that's a problem. but you've explained to me the problem and there will be a solution to this whole thing so very nicely. so maybe i think, you know, might be the next step is for our undercover reporters to meet with
a lawyer a mr. hassan situation in china. 2 years ago, he was moving some business activities, reach a commission, andreas pathologist is a registered service provider for the cypress investment program and such as a service that we use our shuttle probably a lot in order to issue a problem. however, we need to find ways to overcome baseball. no, i will say i, i say you,
can you kind of be glad to work that way around. but go for solution. is there a solution? the bottom of your time to have them in our undercover reporters are again told that one man holds the key should problems arise, a cash buyer or perform last year for the next year. everybody's see me several work there. those people won't change when i got to chase, and there is a head of their general director general margin, or there is a nice pay. jared,
a with the ministry of interior approved golden passports. the general manager at the time was kick prosecutor. i knew the minister was constantino's per treatise to pre i knew was the civil servant who administered the program with go ages before starting to civil over. i have see, don't really go although over normally we are the t she issue with them today and the service also for
wasn't over time, we took merger. i got very, very excited. so maybe the giovanni group has a specific investment in mind from mr. x 1000000000. and he had taken to the proposed site of a 2nd son city development. i wanted to show your face with antonio, antonio runs the giovanni group any addresses or what you can make with all of that us, we can make the sale of the apartment until the
year is seeking an investment much more than the 2 and half $1000000.00 necessary for a superior passport. they said we're going to need it. people want told pipes that we're right on the beach. this is i'm going to want i order to sign up with audio. they want to run it as many of the results. key audio, they love the idea is what i mean at 1st audio really we're gonna turn this into private b come over here or the we're those grades to clear everything on it's really something amazing will not get the office lawyer, andreas pretentious,
explain the importance of presenting mister x, his case favourably duncan with me one day or something she does on tuesday weeks day, they are trying to compare to asia and senate and convincing. no your client o k y c document is essentially noted from mr. x to bring his funds to cyprus, he goes for the wants of i'm and saying, i didn't know if you did to that, but all the bus you show with them on the conference,
i will see the 3rd so says the with his finances because of a former employee here, i don't think it was for a full 5 k j. yes, you have a dish. um okay, well you said be sufficient for me to suffer from it to suffer. this one option is to use a shell or front company that's untainted by the applicant, criminal conviction, a vehicle. and the fossil kind of focusing on. i said they kind of do a criminal offense. she called me yesterday. it was the only job, the money was clear. so maybe you want
a company will see both we had. they had science from a different. yes, because law all companies we have to please you have to go to pro for so this is not an easy case. if we're power play monday, then premium publish. no longer. it will have a credit left the clinical vision, but not to the issue is not believed to them on this. this is, this is so this i'm so sorry. another way is for a family member to be seen to make the necessary investment. i decided to what was best of the quote that she's what i was thinking,
this was office of some good you so you cannot make progress. this p console issue in part to our undercover reporters, meet the president to the cypriot parliament, angie. damn us the see i as they continue to seek a european passport for our fictional, convicted criminal fulfill for food lullabies, of defiance. it really touched my heart deeply when she started to sing y'all. there i see. out is there a well, it remembers analysis to me and singer who reached audiences beyond the middle east . born into a creative family in nazareth, she sang out a powerful and emotional message, the personal story of rain, ben,
the voice of palestine on al jazeera, a sanctuary for journalists. it was a haven, the wall and shelter for civilian refugees. wax, scattered into the garden, cheering cambodian bloody sang stuff imploring us to leave. and suddenly we were turning the fax on the conveyor rouge had taken anything of value out of the hotel, cambodia. let the know a new episode of war, hotels on al jazeera. ah, which is 0. which is a you oh lou.
i'm roberson, and know how the top stories and al jazeera that have been reports of multiple miss alice strikes and the ukranian capital kiva. air raid sirens have been how to cross the city and air defenses are believed have been activated. it comes as ukraine mocks, its 1st state who day following a proclamation by president vladimir zalinski. brush his father ministers sag love . rob has been an ethiopia for the 2nd leg of his tour and the african continent is trying to reassure nations hit hard by the global shortage of grain. millions of people across africa don't have enough food because of solving prices. hundreds of protestors who storm de racks, parliament have now left the supporters of shia cleric mac tada al sabah were demonstrating against the nomination of a new prime minister who belongs to a pro iran block. or who is the outdoor head is in baghdad. the protest has,
who's told me they're headquartered of the council of representatives have was drawn that is following a command from their leader them through until she athletic and politically that looked at her a southern who asked his supporters to withdrawal. he also addressing his supporters at southern men, said that at their message has been conveyed their message that in his was that his supporters have terrified the corrupt that politicians in power. the u. s. federal reserve is increasing its key interest rate by 3 quarters of a point to 2.5 percent that says highest level since 2018 b increase is part of an aggressive drive to control. soaring, inflation is really forces have use tear gas against palestinian protesters rallying against the establishment of an illegal settlement in the village of key for harness in the occupied west bank. demonstrators raised the palestinian flag
and chanted slogans in the streets. steer the settlements of bach on o. francis has reaffirmed an apology to canada's indigenous people in a meeting with communities in the province of quebec. the head of the roman catholic church has asked for forgiveness for decades of abuse. carried out a church run residential schools. he condemned policies of forced assimilation, carried out at the institutions and the headlines. the news continues after al jazeera investigations. good by in part one are under cover. reporters were given legal advice on how a convicted money laundry could invest in cyprus and juice. now the lawyer practice describes how a successful applicant can ensure his wealth is never traced back to his criminal past. ross good changed when the
present us did. we continually he's with us for sure. there's just a little bit more contingent. a lot of it locally. i in his name now, what is the name? half or half of united states has not if you check his original name, you can live with it with that name. so we made an up to date type has changed. she then changed his passport, his probably notes with us for you name the with his grade book, i mean human braille view, classic interest on these before oh, is it possible this is jerry said gap in the type was just and you can change and if you have any questions?
how hope doing today is house one look and nobody can find out you can do this document for us to review it. you know how many jewels and psalms i hope. do you think that 20 recall with in a meeting with the politician, chris doc, his giovanni is the next stage in the plan laid out by tony k with someone i've known for many years very helpful
this is going to be and i felt i respect this with romo. what's your good idea with the people? take us with stories giovanni's right hand man. antonio antonio joined the table a b and to new year is here to advise on the next move in. the 1st thing would be always to stop the the fight. yeah. you are what we study that a he reiterates what the lawyer said.
produce a persuasive, know your client document. to satisfy the banks. i'm going to want to start out with k y c for the money. what i said with the 5 are through the banks. we can accommodate money here and let's say that the money county i've been approved for the investment part. then we have just a 5 year and we will advise you would be ways, are you going to 70 deposition a with
a solution for the right price. and i will explain us or you can find out how to solve frankly, what cost to self with at the giovanni group i'll face, i'll run to cover report is briefed on the lucrative investment opportunity. we are open for another 65. so there's be a junior this is the you. okay,
a china beach. occasionally. i wish i would say that's why we always protest someone like with close value, but backbone where we are. the only reason i say our property advisor had g zachary s says, but in the passport business, it's who you know, that matters also how i side because i want to see i was to my little to parliament, you know, souls being up going to do something because i this much easier teach us both in the seat on the handle with me. hello,
my name is lisa please. i'm a gauge on what's going on on them. i take it from the other department for them to talk with you. we are told there is a 2 track application system, the official route, and then now that way more money is required i'm think, is it possible for to say no money for rent shut and rent shall frequent stevens to people in the government? so yeah, look, buying the puzzle area, the a system that goes over to them. you already i'm see if you can look see these any book
regulations. but if i go and see these are the other guys i will respond with. i won't be able to fly. let's see. okay. it says i'm really okay. 07 or 6. it will say okay guys, is this. i think it's not something retail officially. i like to. we know my reaction might help with everyone. a possible to us or hi, i'll value the higher the veteran antonio tells us more about the 2 track application system that works best for you
know, skip that with applicants of the cypress investment program are required to donate to specific organizations. and to neo explains how cash payments might also have to be made by an applicant who like mister x, has a criminal record. if you did complicated, if there's an extra cost, she says we cannot tell this unless we see the $5.00. if we can do, for example, we need to pay $50000.00 donation to some are actually cost more money. we can put them in there and take this one is on the call to get to these people. we can take them in cash, whatever the amount depends on the difficulties presented in the applicant file. i cannot have, you would have to pay 50 or hundreds of 200002 get this done unless we see that
higher because even higher this good. then we don't need to do it. if there are issues, then we start to what they say should one by one. you know, this one with potential explains that a major investment will bring with it many more opportunities for passports. that's why we should still be there a chance if i mean this is 100 meter you probably you're committed. i forget the possible says size. if the investor in front of the public can make them this month and then divide $25.00 possible place. if he has more pious,
it appears that mr. x can even set up his own passport selling business. we have made some progress in the us both from the one for other players who made the joint venture by that built by venus for apartments or of him. and he was silly either ever his will. slices will be most of the company, but other people want to know. billy learns that your stock, his giovanni's political influence, reaches the highest levels of the state. and the 2nd one was an employee of july, a very good image of the speaker was he said it was the middle of
his or medically or so that are you thinking cable as well as soon as he came, it's because the house he got, these were speaking with a negative flores in the book, it, is it a good little bit more the next step is to meet the speaker of the house of representatives, also known as the president of the supreme parliament. from our undercover reporters are invited to meet him at lunch in chris dock, his giovanni's house. a angie with 2 charges share. the estate agent, tony k was invited. antonius,
antonio is also there was with us, you see a union, china will know how the how to lemons? 28th. yes. law should know. i'm the president of the parliament. and from that, because with demetrius delores host the 2nd highest office of state in cypress billy tells him about the applicant trio. so good. there was a problem called so he wasn't over the norton fuels reading will collect in china, you know, so he got some of the cheap charles either hold on a 2nd. so he will want to be home here to help me with spend with some repairs like that. yeah,
that's what we were working with . all the lines in. sometimes i work with him on luckily school doesn't matter as to how do did you just have a one year contract with case in europe, paul a, as he considers the options, the president of the separate parliament office, other solutions you study to put it in a home that you're not like
with a sort of so should be a no on the presidential problem. it's only like talking about sri, the law. i mean, i know we're a little bit a with just for sure. i'm here to be sure to hear news doesn't change is mike with giovanni is dolores, and to new and billy into a private room for the rest of him. he need from still the to the business in the chest for the money out from
china to my comp truck is up since he was convinced it was convenient for bribery. and i want to know who had on the side bush who hosting here for to grace ivy with any support for the new touring. when to check the information supposed to be and were a little club how to do. if there is a problem, we're not going to stop the top on and we'll have to show it was didn't give it a shot. fishing here. see what was done in chip ros refers to kick cross to pre i knew the director general a permanent secretary at the interior ministry. i will cause
any credit by your office. the term of the secretary of the nice. okay. currently office, what do you you said to me to make a share to, to learn. yes, but without the name the you the only the name, only mo, information that about that i was that they did to look, you forget what the punch is, right. is a key the way the way that he can bring him in as a customer was seller is once billy to give a message to our fictitious criminal applicant, we'll compare that to her without mission my name or any book for support i. then he later political economy researcher
came just to find that should be yeah. okay. so we're, and to neo even sees an opportunity to sell more passports to billy's wealthy clients, children every time you have any other prospects, people use that us to put us work. let's meet them. if you think it was in the service, there are a lot they, they won't even the cheapest. she linda incense is in the school. very good business with us. okay. okay, for sure, for sure. and though we, we definitely have you suppose for these, if you will ship those and you have with copies necessary because of the house. okay, this is
a kind of shit. how would the single machine to know what she's. busy at any given time sheet of stitching periods issue here, it was for the house to prevent my my name is room as to our report is left cypress. the government announced that $26.00 golden passports should not have been issued and would be revoked. a report by the reuters news agency at highlighted abuses of the scheme in a text message, billy voice concerns, pettus, reassured him, but nothing had changed. the announcement was simply to quell media criticism.
andreas potentia said he understood from the outset that what was proposed involved, money laundering and criminal activities and that everything he did thereafter amounted to fishing for more details. he also indicated that a few days after our journalists had left cyprus without providing him a copy of mister x's, passport, he made a report to cyprus, his anti money laundering unit. tony and denise k of sold on cyprus said that they had also been suspicious of 1000000000 angie and had always made it clear that cypriot law would have to be obeyed in relation to any money that was transferred or to a passport application. chris doc is giovanni and tony's antonio and fear doris had. she's a her yes of giovanni group told us that they had shared their suspicions regarding mister x with a lawyer, andreas pretentious. they relied on the fact that he had reported our approach to
the anti money laundering unit. after our journalists had left the island, they said that they had always made it clear that they would have to be satisfied as to the legitimacy of the investor and his sources of fund before any application could be processed. they added that references to cash donations were actually to mandatory payments required under the cypress investment program. they said their ongoing dealings with our undercover gentleness were intended to gather information, to support a report to the authorities without tipping them off. cape pro, skip re, our new told us that he knew nothing at all about the case a week after the release of the cyprus papers he pre, i knew left the interior ministry and became permanent secretary at the ministry of education culture in sport. demetrius hillary said he had provided no services to
ah, we've got some rain risks to chat about across the arabian gulf heavy one. so here's the details on thursday. this wave of rain sweeping across cats are and nama, so that's on thursday. still the risk of seen it on friday, move in power up. some thunderstorms here as well. winds will shift. we'll see that sand in dust kicked up for cats. are the eastern province of saudi red in to the empty quarter. now keep in mind, that's on friday. let's go back toward thursday. we've had a lot of rain for southern sections of pakistan, city province, to summit, the northern sin province on thursday. we're will see the heaviest amount of rain around jacob a bad at $33.00 degrees. also got to tell you could see some flooding for western and southern areas of iran. and that's all that what,
whether that will shift into the re be in gulf windsor picking up the cross, the boss for assist stumble could look for gus there about 50 kilometers per hour and off to africa. we go. it's our usual plentiful storms in this area. of course, we've had some flooding around bungie and still some heavy amounts of rain to go on thursday around the area, dipping toward the south. a few showers hanging around the free state in south africa. but i gotta tell you, for the northern cape could see some blustery winds. they're pretty pleasant day for the western cape cape town, coming in at 20 degrees on thursday. susan, ah frank assessments. it sounds like you don't expect anything to change the problem in lebanon. it's actually structural lebanon need and use social contract for it to solve this problem. in depth analysis of the data global headlines inside story on al jazeera, ah.