tv The Stream Al Jazeera October 26, 2022 11:30am-12:01pm AST
their scarfs, either peanuts, let is our garlic. all of these are produced without the use of pesticides. 183 families make a living in these 7 hector's. they distribute their produce to poor families and local indigenous tribes who are reclaiming their lands. but these families don't have the same economic or political clout as bristles, powerful farm lobby, which is why bill. so now to counsel them to keep him in power. monica and i can al jazeera my to little, so brazil for the 1st time in new zealand history. most of it's politicians and parliament, a women sariah pick. mason has been sworn in replacing form of speaker trevor mallard. she brings the balance to 60 women and $59.00 men. the country is only among 6 of the world where women make up at least half of the parliament, globally only 26 percent of elected politicians are women. i think it's a crowd day for new zealand that we've reached
a significant milestone after all with this country to grant them and the right to vote. ah, don't you know, deserve me? said hill robin into how these are all top stories. lebanon has started repatriated, hundreds of syrian refugees. officials say they're returning home voluntarily, but rights groups have raised concerns about their safety. so the hotter has more from arsole in the lebanon syria border area. since the early hours of the morning, a few 100 refugees have gathered here at one of the many border crossings between lebanon and syria. they have begun to go home. we've been speaking to people here at the end of the day, we have to understand that these people are really caught between a rock and a hard place. they are scared in lebanon, and they're scared in syria. it's been an unwelcome in country for, for many of them. lebanese officials have made it clear time and time again that they are a burden. in fact,
they even blamed them for the economic crisis. is seen 40 years since the 40 days, pardon me, since the death of muscle armine in iran, the 22 year old died while in custody of the so called morality police. now students and protested at universities across the country, dysfunctional gang crackdown meeting had been detained. for violating strict dress codes, the head covering frances is to meet the family of the murdered veteran knowledge. is there a gen latrina, but actually that can city, she was talking to them shocked by israeli forces. while the simon to the occupied west bank in may, at least 22 people having killed and thousands left homeless after cyclists, it wrong slammed into coastal regions of bangladesh authorities and are working to help effective communities. but damage power lines, the hampering their assets. the new leader is holding his 1st cabinet meeting before facing the house of commons for prime ministers. question time in the coming i was pretty soon i can officially took office on tuesday, promising to fix the mistakes of his predecessor, jeremy hunt,
continues of finance minister while so brave men will return as home secretary, one of the most highly anticipated debates in the u s, mid term election campaign has taken place in pennsylvania. democrat, john, fetch, amend and republican met also are in a fierce contest for the state senate seat. pennsylvania could decide control of the chamber. the candidates clashed over abortion of the key issues of the mid term campaign. you called those stories on our website at al jazeera dot com is updated . throughout the day, i'll be back with more news in half and next on al jazeera, it's the strength to stay with us. the latest news as it breaks. for many, this is a referendum on your bike and 1st 2 years in the white house. and if the whole this to be believe it wouldn't be good news for the democrats. we detailed coverage. oh, it says the flood that level time. it's repeating, but that's not the only concern here from around the world. but the situation is far from stable in this region,
and ukrainian military forces are saying that they're dealing with a potential renewed russian advance. ah hello, welcome to the stream. i'm from the ok. these scale of our global climate emergency . so big that we're seeing climate change, toys making headlines every day, but there's not so much news about remarkable creative climate action happening around the world to inspire and encourage us. so in today's such episode, we are joined by a former you and climate chief, i guess to bring you the good news climate action show. why co house for the show, today's christiana, for garris. she is a former executive secretary of the u. m. framework convention on climate change and his co founder of global optimism and also co host, the outrage and optimism podcast at it. know how she has time to join us, but she has and i do get the honor. thank you so much for being here. are when i
was thinking about how will we do climate action better and communicate that better? i always think about you because we've coined a phrase which is stubborn. optimism on pat. well, the law screw. well, 1st of all, thank you very much for asking me to join you today. very exciting and you know, the message that you brought right in the beginning is so true. the fact is that we are having exponentially growing climate affects that are all very negative. and however, at the same time, we have exponentially growing encouraging initiatives that convey an excitement of the world. oh yeah, that not just avert the worst of the climate prices, which would be the minimum, but actually also helps to build a world that is safe for clean air, more adjust. i'm much better world than the one that we're experiencing right now. so let me thank you so much for this program. i'm very excited because today we're
going to bring just a few stories that are meant to boost your confidence in what is already taking place and trigger your imagination for what can be. so for me, i do we have i'm, i'm so excited. just listening to you. hi, for the show, i thought to christiana, then one of the things is reading pull for us to do is for us to let you know that you tube is live. it is available right now if you call comments or questions for christiana, you can put them into a comment section and be part of today's shut, looking forward to a oh. all right, so can you imagine a world with no fossil fuels at 80? so to get that we needle tentative forms of clean energy by k, a cohen, ace, co founder of the green hydrogen production company could enact to welcome to the
streams, climate action, optimism episode wiped a, as i get to have you, i suppose for most of our viewers are many of them. they would want just a really quick and easy explanation for what reading hydrogen is. i know you never said this before. can you tell us now thanks so much for having me today. it is a real pleasure to be able to tell you more about korean hydrogen after the green hydrogen, as you just said, is an alternative fuel it can replace or dirty molecules that we have today, coal, oil, and gas. and how do you make green hydrogen? well, you have a device called an electrolyzer. ours looks like a box actually it's about size of a microwave. and what it does is that it uses electricity from solar and wind, for example, and splits water h 20 into hydrogen and oxygen. and that's how you make green hydrogen. simple. right. all you needed a sun and water christiana. well, the exciting thing, my dad. so good to see. you again know we've been together in the past. so good to
see you, i guess. and i just think that the exciting thing here is we have become over the past few years, we've become used to having solar in wind directly producing energy out to the point where i think those what used to be called new renewable energy by now traditional renewable energy, so what i think is so exciting about what you're doing. my day is that you're building on that, right? you're building on not to produce an energy that is much more energy intensive than the original wind and solar solar. and that therefore can be much more powerful in displacing coal and, and gas in those sectors that are very energy intensive. you are definitely on the front lines of very important breakthroughs in energy. how do you see that? we're going to break into those here to, for unbreakable sectors. yeah, i mean, you put it so well, right before we had green electricity,
but we needed this green fuel. and so now being able to scale green hydrogen means that we can d carbonized, those heavy emitting industries like the transportation sector or steel, cement all the isn't just your processes. and so what you'll do is that you'll produce green hydrogen on site. and then if we're looking at the transportation sector, for example, let's just focus on aviation. what you'll do is that you'll have electrolyzer on site at the airport, and you will be producing green hydrogen refueling it and then it will fly c o 2 free. and it's the same process, right? if you want to make green hydrogen for steel, for example, again, you make your hydrogen on site and then you'll use it directly. so some, some use cases store the hydrogen, some use a directly. but what it does essentially, is that it is reducing our c o 2 emissions. one things i love about you've, i tell you, is that you understand that the technology and,
and you're able to explain the tack and break it down for people. but you also a great storyteller, and it really is important that people who understand what this kind of technology mean to people down on the ground. so i know you bought some video with you. i'm gonna share this with out what it's just to wrap up with. so this is a village in malaysia and napped to have partners with pest tech, which is a local energy company. and this is how this film has been transformed. take a look for you. i do it to you, and i deal with my son judah, mazar to plug in what i'm abusing is like, you know, this is willa ward. more for my job. i school on i say it's been such a pleasure showing your work with our audience around the world. we wish you an
after every success in the future. so christina, what i'm thinking about here is when we're being optimistic, do we use the carrot or do we use the stick approach? and i think sometimes lawyers are the stick approach we're trying to make change happen. what do you think? yes, and sometimes the stickers necessary isn't that so one by death is just proven is the importance of technology and pulling the technology of the future into the press, which is incredibly helpful. but in addition to technology, we also need grass roots movement and where they have been incredibly successful in the legal space. as you have mentioned to me and perhaps the most famous and most successful story, there is a less $900.00 dutch citizens who brought a case against their own government. arguing that the government was not protecting
them duly from the ravages of climate change. and they stuck with it, they stuck with it for 4 years. they had this legal battle that went all the way up to the supreme court. and the supreme court ruled that they were right that their government was not protecting them against the ravages of climate change. and the supreme court forced the government to reduce 25 percent of emissions in a very short time that has inspired other cases across europe in canada, in new zealand, in columbia. and what it proves is that legal cases are also very powerful instrument, but it also shows that the power of people, these are $900.00 dodge citizens, does normal citizens, ok. these are not famous people. these are $900.00 citizens that were concerned about the impact. so what do we know about grass roots movement?
what do we know about community and the role that they play in climate action? there's so much more power than you know, you have and to you, hon. i said before we move on christian, and i'm going to bring in one more voice, and this is the voice of dentist van burchell, who we spoke to a little bit earlier. he is a lawyer and he leads a group of lawyers, the key government accountable. let's hear about that. well, we move on government promised us for decades. okay, will do what is necessary in order to prevent dangerous climate change, but their actions simply don't add up. there's a huge gap between what they say must be done, hold them particular $1.00 degrees. and what they're actually doing in court provide a unique forum to scrutinize the statements of government to scrutinize whether what government are saying with regard to their actions on climate change actually add up and are sufficient in order to cumulatively protect us against all those
dangers impacts climate change when active is emerges with science is a very powerful formula. as we are about to find out. dr. tallulah oni is an urban epidemiologist who leads the citizens the clean air campaign in nigeria, ghana and south africa, hello tale. so good to have you. i've told you i'm going to make a black girl blush, because when i 1st heard about you, i was, oh, she's dynamic, she's connecting, she's brilliant. how do you even live up to that? what is it that you, your mission is, what are you trying to do that takes you to at least 3 different countries on the african continent, and getting citizens scientists to understand what's happening to the environment. thanks for me, i could say the same thing. i say we, what drives me is the fact that we have the youngest continent globally, with people in the african continent and 19 on. when we talk about health,
we should be talking about ways to keep young people healthy. now evolution is particularly something that animates me because in both is an important exposure that is important for health, but is also very low hanging fruit in terms of timing action because we know a lot of the newton also greenhouse gas is contributing global warming. so i started seeing that, you know, from a public health perspective, we understand the importance of public space and how to get people moving and the physical they help. but they also leave evolution risks. and i started looking around and realizing what really measuring, measuring in the cities. at the same time, we saw this is incredible passion and commitment to environmental justice and climate in the cities. and i thought, what if we can get an honest with energy from the majority demographic on the continent to be part of the solution because we can't change what we don't measure
. so what we do is, is exactly that we're looking at the ways that we can emphasize a crucial role. the young people can and should play in designing and developing and shaping the urban environments that we live in for both health and climate resilience. christiana, well, what i love about those to love always thought that it is so important to humanize, glide, the global climate change. and honestly, it's very difficult for people to understand. but these feel possible fuels emit gases that have a global impact, but it's much easier to understand that the very same fossil fuel also emit local pollutants that are affecting our mom, especially in fitting. and so the health and climate overlap is so critical because it makes it so much more understandable. i totally love that air quality really makes the pollution from fossil fuels. so immediate, and i'm assuming told you,
but please tell us that this is actually really energized young people. mothers who are concerned about the lungs of their children were concerns about the health of the that their children are growing up with. this is something that goes absolutely to the very bottom of our own concern about our own health and the health of our children. doesn't it? yes, lately, anthony mentioned earlier about that is in science. so we had one of the really animating aspects of this initiative. if we had young people, but we were christian republic selection and they designed running routes and they ran through the city with a quality monitors and with an app that captured photos, videos or do showing the polluted air sources of clean air. and they really rally each of the run leaders rallied and recruited the pack to run with them. and they use that opportunity to share why is so important to them. and one of the things
that we did was then they, they looked at the data they collected, i may use that to design intervention so that maybe they reviewed this. one of the things that we've seen here in our city. how does equity differ? how does this quality of public space differ within between cities and they use that to design and advocacy and activism? campaign that we do in the run up to 27. so they've been doing rounds again in the cities in across the labels. but also beyond those cities and on the 10th of november, which is when come $27.00 is happening in egypt. the 10th of november is also you say, and it's the science being day. and so what we really want to do is push and we invite everyone to join. this is to push the agenda to show that is really critical for both health and climate. and young people play a critical role in designing and shaping, changing that future for healthy climate. resilience as tony for thank you so much
for being on our climate. optimism show you embodied what we were trying to do, what they tried to get over, and we wish you every success with all of your campaigns and your work. thank you to lou, but as i say, thank you to tell you i want to bring in another young climate activist from the found of i lead climate action initiative. this is what she told us a few hours ago christiana, and i know you and a lot of time this young time activist. what do you make of what, at an e k has to say at punch in it's all advocacy for climate education. we get to find out that once you don't know that a problem is, is your comes so before approach to us. now when you said a kid and the kids and people young people, then expanding your rise on full time job. well, she is so right. educating people is so important because it's the only way that
we're going to get mobilization. now i think the difficulty around that and me is to educate young people and also not so young people about the reality of climate change, which includes 2 pillars, the thread of climate change. but as we're discussing here, also the opportunity of addressing climate change. and unfortunately, most education is only on the impacts and the disasters of climate change. and we have not, i still have yet to see serious programs that also bring the opportunities. for example, we've just seen, you know, i'm to, atalla has just talked to us about air quality monitors. what happen if we have air quality monitors on every single cell phone in the world. we would have much more education about air quality and much more awareness about where air quality is being threatened and what we can do about it. so we have to have both,
both the opportunity of addressing climate change as well as of course, the threats and the impacts. a cushion. i know you said a little bit earlier. you're talking to us about the palla, the people have the power of community. and when i spoke to kit us a little bit earlier on, he really embodied to what it is that we're able to do. because sometimes we feel that the climate crisis is overwhelming. but this is what kit us has to say about that. here is we know that every single piece of media legislation that's passed in us history has been due to movement building. whether we're talking about the civil rights acts of that these are sixty's, are mer to quality. they will not have happened without people being in the streets over the course of years, pushing for politicians to do so. so we look at the recent climate bill that's past the 1st one and the last history. we know that the work of groups like sunrise, movement, pressure officials to deliver for them. i final segment today is about community and how it lies at the heart of climate action. in puerto rico, the community based organization, casso,
pablo is transforming the central mountain castle, pablo's executive director arturo muscle dea joins as now. arturo, it is so great to have you because of what you do and what you're doing, what the community is doing, is community based sustainable programs that really show us how do we live in the future because you already doing it in the present. when i, when i want to, when i think about the kind of programs that you will do, what then would you want to share that global audience? the one that scanty blow their minds and they can tell their friends rel, tomorrow we have to eat a great di agenda. we have been protecting the land, fighting for water, security, and doing that requires to confront to fossil fuel economy any 1999. we'd stablish our 1st solar system and the idea is to democratize energy generation at the point of consumption in which people can benefit directly for from energy security
. we have our main installation gas up webinar. they radio, straighten the transmission tower, we built a solar c and emma. we have been helping hundreds of houses that has chronic disease. people that requires energy security for betty co purposes. we have done their barbershop and ended pharmacy and they bakery and then they jonetta and other places looking for economic activation. and as we're moving forward, transforming our energy landscape where becoming a reference for local development. thinking people think in the evening gauge, men, education and protecting our natural resources as well in a way that we are also better prepared to confront climate change in the caribbean . christiana, why no? i thought, oh i like it was like on i will say it is so wonderful to, to be here with you. what piece had thought of that you didn't speak to that?
i would love to invite you to is the resilience of a renewable resources. how they are so much more resilient to the impacts of these amazing stories, odd that the caribbean, and so many of the other areas of the world are having and how, how, what please tell us how long was, what is the recall without electricity except gossip way because you had cellar is just such a fantastic story after you rec, and maria in and who does it almost 4 months in the dog in the urban areas that rudo communities over one year without power. i think central part of the island were both, both of the poverty regions are located. it was the last 30 percent in which energy was was re store. so building energy resilience a,
we were able to reopen gas up where they, they, after, and the consequences of these you, ricans are very bad, but the reality is, it is that the aftermath is what it, what transform a heroic inexperience into a human disaster. a lot of failures from the public and private utility and yet gossip way below was producing power. we reopen, we became an energy way, sees people came here to recharge their equipment. dialysis therapy, respiratory machines. the radio station was on. we were able to deploy and respond pre bound right away because we were in a g energy secure. ah, that's what we have been fighting for, not only for gas up where low but for the whole community and the different elements of our community to be also to also enjoy their benefits off producing power, clean energy at their point of consumption. and i'm so happy to see that there's
all their technologies, either a or their options in the pipeline that will help strength configurations like the want we have been built in that won't us a to i so enjoy watching you because you have a so in a swagger about it is i quinn the race when the rest of the week as a pain, they came to us to help to help them because we had the energy, we were able to help them. they so much providing what you want and congratulations . thank you for continuing to be a model for all of us watching around the and i'm going to take a little bit of your solar swagger and take it through the rest of my week. arturo, thank you so much, really appreciate you. christiana, before we go on youtube, people who are having a conversation about the climate crisis. it is always a debate. one of our viewers is asking, what about the point of no return, or does stubborn optimism say that we don't even use that phrase?
and we just get on and roll our sleeves up? well, we don't know, right? we don't know the ball and if we, if we're going to get to the point of no return, scientists have been telling us that we're getting horrendously close to going over a thresholds that are going to be irreversible. but that is exactly the reason why we have to double down. that is exactly the reason why we need these kinds of stories that we've heard today. multiply times a w3w1xw because we don't want to get to the point of no return. and here's the thing, we can stop this, we can actually reverse the trend of greenhouse gas emissions, which is currently still rising. we can reverse that trend to a decreasing trend of greenhouse gas emissions and thereby a bird the worst of the climate crisis. but family scientists have been abundantly clear that we have to do that by 2030. so yes,
there are many wonderful stories and we need to go exponential with them because we are getting very, very close to the deadline. i christiane figures, he's been such a pleasure being your co house on the climate. optimism show really appreciate you have a look here on my laptop, these a t places. i really want you to have a look at global optimism. look what christiana and her teams of what they are doing, and also an incredible podcast, outrage, an optimism podcast. it will keep you entertained and educate you and inspire you as well. thanks for watching today. show us in the next time. take everybody. ah
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