tv The Big Picture Britains True Colours Al Jazeera February 7, 2023 7:30pm-8:01pm AST
globally, that we're not getting to the heart of the problem by instituting systems of reuse by making it as easy as possible for people to not up for a single years, plastic or serious anything. but rather to embrace a refill re revolution and to and to not need to throw away living that way we become so reliance on that that's damaging on it to such a great extent. i think that that really got it right yet, but there is a promise in the making in the human environment program has said that it's going to create by this year at rest resolution. that's going to be legally binding for all the member states to end plastic pollution. and so they're going to be looking at the full life cycle of plastics that are not going to be thinking about how do we recycle? what's ne, they're going to be thinking about, how do we ensure that we don't make more than we need and that we address all of the patients are abusing too much plastic. ah,
hello again. the headlines on al jazeera, the turkish presidents is declared a 3 months dated from urgency for the 10 provinces affected by monday's earthquakes . more than 5200 people had been killed across turkey and syria. dip jimmy guinea food, all i learned in our work will continue until we have saved every life that we can in the rubble. and until we are sure there is nothing else we could do further. we are mobilizing every possible operation, and many thousands of people have been transferred to each and every province to help rescued teens or a searching for a survivors in both countries. but freezing temperatures are complicating those efforts. people in the city of the mallets, ya are struggling with heavy snow fall as they wait for the government's rescue teams to reach them. now you know long will you pardon alden? the 3rd is much when a single person here, we are under the snow without to home without anything,
then we can go through this. we can fast for 40 days, but still go through this. but let us recover the bodies for the financials, shall i commit suicide? what shall i do? what can i go? well to his to see you. there is no one here that we are all doomed. this is the order we having turkey. this is not what we expected from the state, no matter how big the earthquake was mobilization of all people was necessary reasonable. so a 3rd day of nationwide strikes against pension reforms as and frances underway right now. and this week on threads of thousands of people rallied against president my un microns plans to raise the retirement age from 62 to 64 members of the national assembly met on monday to begin debating that bill the u. s. presidents will deliver his state of the union speech later on tuesday by dan will address congress for the 2nd time since taking office at a moment of scrutiny of his leadership. pakistan's, former president perv asthma sheriff, has been laid to rest following
a funeral ceremony in karachi was shot at f died on sunday at the age of 79 after a long illness. more news at the top of the hour on al jazeera but coming up next. it's the big picture by the american people we've spoken. but what exactly did they say, is the world looking for a whole new order with less america in it? is the woke agenda on the decline in america. how much is social media company to know about you? and how easy is it to manipulate the quizzical look good us politics, the bottom line. ah, i think i had the tipping point when we had the 1st deaf current of ours in this country or mm. and then from that it went to attend today under 500 and it just kept going
as a doctor on the front line, i'm telling you we didn't have enough p p. we would be using mosques. mm. ethnic minority groups were disproportionately affected. why? and pregnant doctors and health co workers, why when they've been protected, we need to make sure that people know what's really happening. mm. we need to ask why. mm . ah, we have a new name. corona vonner actually, well, phone conversation is officially quoted how big like jean, in the spring of 2020 health workers in britain were dying from
a fall spreading new virus. reports of widespread p. p shortage is a stirring fit with growing numbers of doctors, nurses infected and even dying. doctors and nurses were working in hospitals without enough of the protective equipment. they needed to do that job safely. one of the latest or any interestof victims of the pump that make was a probably don't us booking? absolutely. i'm comfortable, university hospital, mary azure paul, a 28 year old nurse expecting her 2nd child was one of those health workers who lost her life to cove. it 19 mary edge of home died and hospital just moments off to giving birth to a baby daughter. but the sex of a black health wilka went beyond the tragedy of a family or a community. it exposed something crucial to understanding today's brit how it's shaped and governed by to defining forces racism and they never know what happens.
a marriage at home was a symptom of, of diploma lakes and compelled one doctor to stand out for health was on the front line of an unprecedented public health emergency bringing mary's death to the doorstep of the british prime minister. mm hm. where is everyone? i am, i was outside number 10 in april. it was exactly one week after nurse mary had passed away. i was out, it was a one woman protest. and it was strange because i was stood outside a beautiful building outside parliament and westminster. you would have never thought that we were in a pandemic,
and our leaders walking down the same roads every day. i was walking into a n e every day, and that was a difference. you think that's why there was such a disconnect between what you were experience on the front line and the policies that were being made? absolutely. our ministers had no idea what was happening on the shop floor. but i could see the body bags. what was it about the death of nurse mary that resonated with you so clearly, i think when i heard the story, the 1st thing that went through my mind was that what if this was my mother? what if this was my father who took by quality all the time is championed by a politicians is championed by our leaders. so why are we just going to sit in silence and watch this innocent nurse pass away and just leave a family behind?
okay so it says here, but mary edge upon grew up in ghana with her mom and she came to live with her dad here in luton when she was a teenager, my dad that she born in luton. it's one of those places that was really transformed by the immigration story in the u. k. she then studied nothing at luton university and she became a nurse at the hospital the at the hospital where she died. oh wow. her dad died of cobra just 10 days before her and she died in the hospital where she worked. yeah. she was god, it seems like a lot of the people who died very early stages at the pandemic were from ethnic minority. yeah. yeah. you, whenever you turn the tv on the machine reports of the test, often cove exhaust, it was the health work as the doctors, nurses in the rural, black and brown, the rule from minority communities and but not just health workers. right? so many key workers like public transport workers, people who works in shops, delivery drivers. it's like this,
this disproportionate reliance on certain groups to do certain jo, like like mary's dad because it says here that he had been a teacher in ghana. but then he took a manual work when he came, when he came to europe. and i guess that's true for so many people who were coming from from the developing world to the west. yeah, it's, it's the story of how the west was made. if you don't have the, you know, the world that we have now without immigration, in particular in britain, you know, there is no modern britain without immigration, without those people came from the commonwealth from south asia, from the caribbean, who did all the work to help rebuild britain, you know it's, it's the story. my family. my grandfather came here from india in the 1950s to work in the factories and foundries to rebuild britain as a 2nd reward. right. and or what he learned to say in english when he came here was any job, any shift. and off the back of that, my parents came here in the early sixties and again worked in factories and foundries and it own here i am from that the story, britain,
a store of immigration right here on a different form. and even when my parents, they came in the ninety's, they were refugees from somalia. so it was a bit different. no economic migrant. they burst i did back home, but when they came in i was same kind of jobs that were forwarded to them. so your dad came here, what did he do here? this is the delivery driver here. back came in studies and he was teaching. and then the war kicked off and wrote heavier stuff. similar to, to mary's dad story. mary's dad's story, similar to you know, what mary grew up with. it's why me now various found herself protesting. right. and it's like the government policies in this country are set up or not set out to help minority group you. when you look at some of the policies, particularly since the advent neoliberalism, you know, from the late seventy's through the eighty's, you can see the kind of political and economic shifts that have led to the kind of state that we're in. no b, you can't get away from,
from the re story of the immigration story, particularly tyson, that back to empire. that moment is killed, right? that moment when you go from empire to post imperial states, and it's like, the inequality is embedded at that very moment when people from the commonwealth come to britain in 1952 by the early to mid 19 fifties because of the demands on the economy from recovering after the war, they were emerging labor shortages. and so the government starts to invite people from the british commonwealth to immigrate to the u. k. to fill in labor shortages in factories in transport and sour, thus direct advertising happening in the caribbean. in some parts of asia to say, well, we need people to come and drive the buses to drive the trains on to work in the
underground to work and the health service the and it is literally is the most colonial institute. we have a good literally would be impossible and to have staffed it without and nurses and doctors from overseas that there's over and hit him. discrimination in the labor market, which means some kind of work. some people can do and some people come out. the only way that that can be done is to have this belief in racial security ins. hierarchy of when the way the wise firms he works is why the talk is black at the bottom in his iraq, in between. and that's kind of how capitalism works. that affects your job is to be a cleaner. your job is to be a driver. your job is to be a banker and it's color coded. racial prejudice and racial hostility,
but commonplace. but non white immigrants in britain from governing the work they did to attack them where they lived black and brown communities did, however, fight back standing up against violence on the streets as well as for better protections. more rights and greater equality would in the 19th sixty's force, new government legislation, banning overt discrimination. the 1st race relations act was bought into law in 1965, making it illegal to discriminate against any one based on their race or color. 3 years later, however, the u. k. parliament passed the commonwealth immigrants act, shutting britain, his door was to people from no white nations of the former empire. but people from new zealand, australia, and canada, countries with majority, white population,
was still allowed in. britain's immigration policy was itself coded by color, immigrant labor service, britons booming postwar economy that saw a rising wages as well as increased provision in welfare, housing, and education. but the boom wasn't to last by the late 19 seventy's. the global economy was in crisis. in britain, state mismanagement and crippling trade. disputes brought production and growth to a halt. power cuts and refuse left and collected on the streets, all to symbolic of a nation in decay. fall right groups like the national front blamed immigrants, old and new for the countries plight and pushed for
wholesale repack. creation of all non white people including all those born in the u. k. there in 1978 a year before a general election. britain was a fractured and fractious place, uncertain and up for grabs. ah, the official residential, the prime minister of great, but number 10, downing street. the glittering prize for the leaders of company's political part is button terms to the hostage. the workers are warned against the graeme cyber takeover, led by the 1st woman tore leader margaret thatcher in an election that would decide the fate of britain. margaret thatcher, leader of the opposition conservative party, looks to claim the advantage by claiming the ground occupied by the fall. right. people are really rather afraid that this country might be wrong of swamped by people with a different culture. and you know, this as any fear,
as it might be formed, people are going to react to give all the hostile to those coming. in fact speaks to that sense of being under attack on very cleverly. she says, all of these feelings of insecurity and experiences of dispossession because britain in the seventy's is not a lovely place to live unemployed, to starting to rise industries o'clock thing 1st off a strikes that's raging inflation, less loss of economic growth. she says, you know, that why you feel horrible. maybe it's because of it's these swamping of us without quite explicitly saying it. she makes the whole sense of economic crisis seem what come racial crisis. the majesty queen has asked me to form a new administration and i have accepted margaret snatches election victory in 1979,
prove the value of playing politics with race now supported by a band of ideologues called the new right. she would lay out a radical new vision for britain based on a revived ideology called neo liberalism. that was the heart of the sup to write it. near liberals were in advice, small minority. they started to fall most a national level sink tanks, like in the u. k, the center for policy studies, the adam smith institute, but they were regarded as totally fringe and they were not re listened to a toll until you get a political entrepreneur like margaret thatcher. who is interested in decisively resolving the crisis of the seventy's. and these ideas, a sort of sitting around and they provide policy templates that she then implements
a tie, much of opportunity and enterprise, less tax, less regulation, more flexibility, more freedom. those will be our guidelines. she says you have to dial down political institutions. you have to roll back democratic accountability, you have to open the market to this idea of market forces which means that you, cattail social forces. and a big part thought is absolutely discredit taking the idea of the welfare state that she was willing to go whole hog and tear up the post war consensus. basically been defeating the trade unions, which she regarded as the enemy with it and then restoring the conditions for businesses to make profit. so it is left to the market to decide which areas will flourish and prosper, which people are going to get richer and which ones poorer. britton's
in a cities had long been poor and home to the majority of black and brown communities . brexton was a predominantly black caribbean area of south london. blighted by joblessness and chronic under investment in 1981 crime was rising. young black men tal, gets the police harass ah, suspected of criminal activity regardless of priest blacks and bricks did claim. they are singled out by police on the streets subjected to body searches and often accused of having stolen anything valuable in their possession. lamp is embracing any one they dislike to swamp
the area with police. they stopped and search hundreds of people over to him. it is dick. everybody's gazed up. there's some really rotten police. dumb freaks that just, i just saw you up and bring you down to the station and back you up for laughing. and comedians had enough. i just said, no, we're not, we're not going to take this anymore. mm hm. the local people say it was the inevitable explosion of steam by a community which feels the police have been picking all the recently spoke of 3 days over billions, where people just wanted to take back the streets, could keep the police ah and it spread across the whole country this was the liverpool suburb of talks. does
things start happening elsewhere happening? birmingham happening, left pole. and this is the full social media pizza, just watching the mainstream tele that isn't telling them the community point of view. but i understand something historic has happened through another city birth. this was bristol, and again, the trouble started in a poor urban quarter with a large number of black reza. ah, my children's i guy did you like cuz it was a it was an explosion and lots of engine them building up. that's a scary moment for the bush racial consciousness and sadly gets used to feed into the sri. thank bye look, retorted with pre plot hummel's, i had not, i'm open to being civilized, they will never be british the coast. look,
i bring this violence with them. but how it gets narrated, you have what we call new racism, where there is a very interesting shift from kind of the older forms of you can just be open erases where it becomes a back culture becomes about family and this is the new right. and it is proofing, thanks there is in all the writing press may to be pushed. the ideology of keeper in white make you sound post racial sound like it's not about race. it's just about family values. it's just about good economic sense. but really it is that politics of racial resentment, just given b p r that is all architecture how you get to know liberalism, which really is based on his fear of the underclass, which is this deeply rated idea about cultural racism, of, of public community. he was collecting this so called returned to kind of victorian era social values, tradition nationalism flag waving, uneven,
imperialistic rhetoric. and then the state itself was reconfigured to make it less democratic and participated. we start to see the creation of independent regulators, quasi autonomous, non governmental organizations, quangos and various public, private hybrid bodies to which authority decision making, regulatory power is shifted. in the postwar iraq, the commander control state. those outright nationalization the fairies sectors which were then privatized, which is to reduce or remove democratic control and oversight. because then it just becomes about private decision making and private profit. you also try to weaken the role of organized labor day tripping set of britons must be so industrial dispute.
so we can talk about the, the miners strike and the defeat of various trade unions. there's also the regulation, which means the removal of barriers to business doing what it wants. so you've shift manufacturing away from britain where they're relatively high wages and welfare provision to low wage economies. and alongside that, you've got the massive deregulation of financial markets domestically and internationally. so obviously big business benefits because they all the ones best poised to exploit new market opportunities. and then because of the, the growth in the services sector of the economy, you get the emergent civic, a kind of a burgeoning new middle class who make often very large sums of money under the new market conditions. they may be keeping one eye on the latest prices at the cities.
dealers don't seem to be holding back on their favorite drink this christmas. and then there was some people who systematically lose out that lose that jobs lose the stability of rising welfare of public housing and so on. and become a kind of permanent underclass. because it was a deliberate decision made to basically throw these people to the wolves, a tax on public service as an industry war away at britain, struggling communities. jobs were lost, state support cut a diagnosis of why unemployment has trebled since 1980 is not hard to find idle machines on the shop floor speak for themselves. the government was facing growing anger from a white working class, left exposed to a new harsh, near liberal reality. and at the same time,
beleaguered local authorities and multi racial cities were trying to counter the harsh reality of racism by supporting their constituents with whatever funds they had available for margaret thatcher and the new right. local government support for anti racism was at once by the problem and a solution. this is the key thing to say look, and he writes in with the problem that that was keeping back for white people. not because of that, his economic policies and because of austerity and neo liberalism law is because one or 2 many immigrants and 2, we've given them too much stuff. we've given them to too much of a head start. and so now your, your falling behind if you think about what she does, you know, embracing britishness, wrapping herself in the flag. this is the early expression of the cultural
so what happens and what happened with tough challenge? well, sacha has a long run of it. she has 11 years and throughout that time she is constantly building on these near liberal ideals and your major comes in as her successor. but here's a break from what's happening here. so actually what you get is more privatization . you get more quangos that replace a lot of government agencies and this continues for his whole 7 years. and as you're having this big near liberal overhaul, what you get is this increasing disparity between rich and poor. lots of people start to get left behind. but there were some groups that prospered, right? some ethnic minorities way will to live the near liberal jury. you always get when isn't loses in any system like this. there were, you know, south asian communities in people who made money very many ways. the exceptions to
the rule, there are exceptions to the audiology, the but there was a fragment singled communities as well, right? as this, like it breaks everybody up, everybody's kind of fighting for the same resources. and at that point, because multiculturalism is an absolute fact of life, the local authorities are dedicating some funds towards multicultural policies towards an to racism or whatnot. which the you wrote to fighting. but then when you've got fragments and gov, south asian communities into, you know, face groups of c muslim, hindu, you've got the african caribbean community. know different african communities and caribbean community. everyone's jostling for the same same family, jostling for the same pot of money. and they're all competing against each other just to try and not even get a hit just to try and get even there. whereas before it was like the cider of political blackness. there was this idea of political blackness in the sixties and seventies. so everyone who was not, why fall under this umbrella, but that then gets broken up and some people say it's a good thing because there's no one racism or
a different racism against different groups. and at the same moment you have somebody like tony blair coming in and you had this like big election campaign in 1097, then the slogan was, things can only get better. i guess the question is, which kind of route he took and what the things really did get better for people in this country. ah ah, holding the powerful to account as we examine the u. s. each row in the world on al jazeera, from the al jazeera london,
rural call center to people in thoughtful conversation. people use the lowest category and they describe the outsider with no host and no limitation. the difference between a migrant and refugee is truly a choice. when your refugee you are forced to flee part one of asthma khan and hasn't had what has happened a lot in the west is that culture and food is separated studio b unscripted on out his era. ah, how children are polls from the rubble and northern syria and turkey as the just tool for monday's earthquakes, houses $6200.00, but it's a painful weights for those trapped under the rubble as rescuers listen for signs of.