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tv   The Listening Post  Al Jazeera  February 18, 2023 11:30am-12:00pm AST

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has a medical collision comes up, he can have a genetic law, an exchange of animals which is good for the, for the long term perspective, from the specious conservation you, every one in this resolve is confidence and also more static. that's a little bit better sweet. i forgot to know each individual character wall over the last them 7 months. so relieved that we don't have a chicken every day anymore. and phoebe 3 days but term differently of service. and we're going to say why these creatures will soon be starting their new life a long way from home. their caregivers hope they will thrive in their new environment. katherine saw you all to 0. ah, hello, this is al jazeera and these are the headlines. more than 45000 people are confirmed
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dead and to kia and syria after last week's earthquakes. the focus is now shifting to relief efforts and helping the millions of people in need of humanitarian assistance. while these tremors displaced entire communities, the turkish vice president has said more than a 1000000 people in our living intent encampments and in syria at the un estimates that more than 5000000 people have lost their homes. so im castiano is in a university, dorman ankara where people have been given temporary shelter. this dormitory belongs to the turkish ministry of you, and they have a good building dedicated for the earthquake survivors. an earthquake affected people and we are told that in those 2 buildings, in nearly 2500 people are being accommodated right now. and this is valid for other dormitories across here as well. as we learn from the ministry, there are more than $200000.00 being accommodated in the facilities of the sports
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ministry, including dormitories, guest houses and sports home. while the united nation says a 143 aid trucks have now arrived and the rebel held north west of syria after the reopening of border crossing activists and emergency teams have criticize the slow international response. hundreds of women displaced by the violent eastern democratic republic of congo have been protesting in the city of goma. they're demanding an end to the fighting between the m. 23 rebel group and government troops. the congolese government, as it used to wander, supporting the group which kigali denies. on a conflict in the d r. c is one of the issue is being discussed at the african union summit. and ethiopia leaders have gathered and addis ababa for the 1st day of high level talks that the to rekey taliban pakistan has came responsibility for an attack on a police headquarters in karachi, which killed at least 2 officers and one civilian local media report that there was
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a heavy exchange of gunfire between the police and the attackers who stormed the compound. a clean up is underway in new zealand. after a cycling ravaged its east coast, the storm made land fall and the north island on monday, killing at least 9 people and thousands though are still missing. well, those are the headlines. i'll be back with more news for you here after the listening post. do stay with us on out there. one to 3000000 j register to vote in the 2020, pretty general room. the next 10 to 30000000 more than the entire voting population in the rest of west africa. the vote to say they care about the economy insecurity and unemployment hundreds, it would bring your comprehensive coverage of this election. the candidates and the issues. this is london calling is german revenge broadcasting company your case review thing on your end and standing
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in the b, b. c is the most vital, important, accessible cultural institution in the land. on the bbc was born a century ago in 1922. just count of the world's 1st public broadcaster 1st national radio service. first, the fax television provider. the bbc wrote, the book supplied the model for the networks that have sprung up across the continent, including the one you're watching now. the is probably the highest quality, independent balance news and documentary coverage of any broadcasting organization of a view. sometime the networks mission to inform,
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educate and entertain a service for the people funded falling the people. that funding is the bbc strength and its achilles heel. the u. k. government controls the purse strings, which puts the bbc's domestic calm on a collision course with the politicians. it covers like the conservative party that has ruled britain for the past 13 years and has been cutting the broadcaster down to size. it was never underestimate the malice of a prime minister who wants to destroy or at least reduce the part of the b. c. on shift on public service. if the government has it in the bbc on, my advice is always workshop. did you see? the enemies movers. mm. mm hm.
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as it's 1st director general john read put it the b, b, c would serve the whole of britain, the wealthy, and the pool, the genius and the food. and it would report the news without fear or favor. mission statement are much easier to write them to fill and it didn't take long for conflict to surface. between the bbc is dependent on the government and it's john mystic need to be independent from it. the b, b. c. news and current affairs output here in the u. k is at the heart of that conflict. one that has various points in the networks. history threatened its very existence. there is a permanent attention between the government of the day of whatever political color and the b, b c. i've put it this way that the b, b. c is independent of government pressure until such time as it is not.
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the report from every part of the country today revealed the general strike which began at midnight as caused an almost. ready complete industrial parameter 926, millions of workers take to the streets in a general strike cooled in support of britain. coal mine and pretty workers stop the presses in solidarity that have to be less than 4 years old. as the countries only national new one, the conservative prime minister stanley baldwin wanted on his side. as the b, b c's found john reeds knew that independence and impartiality were crucial to its reputation. he also viewed the government's patronage as key to the b. b. c's future. so general strike was really crucial moment in the bbc's history. the
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person who become the 1st right to general is relying on the goodwill a government for the institutional future, the bbc. now the government strings along this kind of threat of the bbc being brought and the driver come control into the strike itself. and the reason they do that is pretty obvious because they know that it will impact editorially on what the bbc done. john read compromised, the government would not come and did the b, b, c. but it was effectively given a veto over what could be broadcast dissenting voices from the trade unions to the opposition labor party band. in order to resume negotiations, the general counsel of the trade union congress decided to terminate the general strike. today. by the time the union called off the strike, the strike has had a new name for the b, b. c. the british faltered corporation. and that was before we invited prime
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minister baldwin to broad cause to the nation from reach zone study. we even helped write the speech i a man of peace, but i will not surrender the safety and security of the british constitution laws. we have, we considered the silly founder of the principles of a shallow t and independence at the b. b. c was actually a man who allowed the prime minister of the day on the board when she was cast from his own house and was very proud of his involvement in editing the words and making it sound better. that's going to be we have your confidence in good will to us have know me. john reads diary entry
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about the baby scenes role during the strike. it's pretty telling the story he wrote would certainly have lost it much longer had it not been for us. and just months later, the network got the government officials seal of approval through royal charter. the formalized its existence. but it came with strings attached ministers were given the power to choose. the bbc's chairman and members of its board. the government word control the bbc's funding through an licensee, collected from the network will be up review by the government every 10 years. ah right. when person entered world war 2, it's media to tell the government line as the primary distributor,
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an amplifier of winston shot shows, war time features the b b, b. now a global plan central to the government's propaganda. dr. of the dawn of the television age, the bbc was well positioned to grow with the technology. and the times that was most clearly reflected in the 19 sixties and seventies when a culture of deference was making way for determination to challenge authority. it was an age of liberation, of questioning. the old immediate postwar assumption is a lot of farm use more more, more than they do now. so they were the was in africa and was going heavy artillery support for the americans on both of us. they're not immediately likely to lose out here, but i felt that the climate change to when i said, perhaps mostly on hulu, prime minister ship of margaret thatcher. ah,
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good evening. well, it looks like being one of the most exciting election night with the possibility of a very close result and the prospect of breaking having its 1st woman running the end of the night. margaret thatcher election, victory in 1979 triggered a transformation of britain's economy and institutions, including the bbc by then a vastly expanded confident and at times combative news operation. sacha had the network in her sites who she believed that the bbc was soft in the head. the bbc was too liberal, bbc was not understanding what she wanted to do. and from the very beginning, she was trying to find ways of emasculating the bbc. there were 2 strands going on a government that was determined to believe the bbc to make that even safer. what
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it wanted for in terms of the method is also the amc producing program that was its way of fighting back for the politicians and program makers soon came into conflict. critical documentary is on topics ranging from britain's intelligence agencies to the fulton's war were tact, censored, sometimes shout, but no issue was as contentious as the troubles in northern ireland. where british troops were 10 years into fighting an insurgency by the irish republican army. the ira waged, a brutal bombing campaign walbridge his boss is committed atrocities of our own. and the pressure on bbc journalists covering that story from politicians from locals, from their own bosses was unrelenting. 6
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0, in 1985, the such a government got wind of a b, b. c documentary that followed to extremist politicians, one of whom was a suspected iran leader, a band over there. it will be the cutting edge away which will bring freedom the government wanted to bond, the felt. the bbc's board of governors, many of whom had been appointed by fax, agreed but the decision was the director general. alice de milne, a tv produced by trade was having none of it determined today to reassert with life is doing controversial documentary on northern. on them would run the film was broadcast, but only of the addition of footage, like this 20 seconds dedicated to the victims at the iraq. but mill was
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on borrowed time. voucher soon appointed a new baby see chairman, his mission as he later wrote asked mel quickly and brutally that was direct pressure by the front minister. i was on with the baby. but the oldest thing about me sat she is isn't the baby see survived? i wasn't untouched because she removed the director general, but we were still went into the ninety's striving really well until john birds came along her thatcher, john, but seemed to become direct to general was everything allister, milton was not john beth's point was very important because he represented some one who shared the view,
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the more market forces ought to be brought into the bbc. full disclosure. how much of the 19 ninety's, the government official in charge of the department handling broadcasting policy was my father. hayden phillips, he and john burke had their work cut out. we worked closely together in the run up to the ruby c charter renew um and he is, it were managed to enable the government to agree to a char to settlement which was after years of tension was a sort of peace treaty. he was very important person in terms of the acceptability of the bbc within government boy, which is by all accounts pulling his topside to help his ally and friends when
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a man weapons of mass destruction is a lafond type. quickly off that there is no good for going to war. on the basis of the, the 1st director general of the 21st century greg dyke was a controversial appointment. no, greg dyke was all smiles this morning when he heard it doth broadcasting top job. as a former donor to the party in power, you labor, dyke was prime minister tony blair's favorite candidate. but he was no push over by 2003. that was the relationship had morphed into another confrontation between the b, b, c and the government at war. tony blair, as the prime minister wrote to me just before the war, started to say he thought that our reporting of the monarch to iraq had been unfair. so either the pretty aggressive letter back saying to come so, but you've got thousands and thousands of people on the streets,
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protesting against you, half your party going to vote against you. you're how features in doubt in those circumstances, you can't be the judge of impartiality. you've got to leave it to us back tonight. heavy on the day, off the invasion of iraq whose britain largest military operation, world war 2, the one that lacked international legal authority. while the majority of the british press supported the war, the b. b. c's mandate was to be impartial. not that that was always obvious. when coalition troops captured baghdad in april, 2003, some b, b, c. news record. how the similar to the been coming out to the blad. entirely ungracious, even for his critics not to acknowledge that tonight he stands as a larger man and a stronger prime minister. as a result, we'd become a government, most peace. there were specific voices who were not allowed. tariq ali was one of
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them. i remember saying to my, to my other to when you going to low, i'm chief war protesters onto this program. and he said, well, we have to let the parliamentary opposition do his job 1st. i mean, well, upside to 1000000 people on the streets of london. none of them ever being reflect properly in the program. i rather doubt that news, news, news, and those people deliberately withheld opponents of the war. do you think they did enough to scrutinize the case for war? all i know is that from the moment, from 911 onwards on the program, i was doing question time. we had a wide range of views, both for and against. i'm just going to go and have a look. i've got a folder with all the question time stuff. so just pause a 2nd and i guess michael moore was michael more in
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favor to the war. rather that is september the 26, 2002 terror. golly. you see? so he certainly wasn't van some bbc journalist directly challenged the official line, which led to trouble defense report to andrew gilligan was investigating the government's g. b. a claims of a rocky weapons of mass destruction claims the case against saddam hussein's regime . he has existing and active military plans for the use of chemical and biological weapons which could be activated. within 45 minutes. gilligan had been briefed by government weapons inspector and concluded that downing street had, quote sec, stop its case for war. he took his story on to b, b. c. radio. food defense corresponded his end to delegate. yes, i did. the 1st interview with gilligan downing street, apple says ordered
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a week before publication, ordered it to be set up to be made more exciting. even get everything right, but he got the heart of it. right. that's to say that effectively we've been light and the will when mad before getting it cleared his throat pretty much at the end of the interview. number 10 was phony. the b, b. c. demanding of identify, demanding that we retract everything really going to said which of course we didn't do. greg dyke, the director general, defend the bbc and his report. but when gonna consort was found dead a case of suspected suicide, going to go was left exposed and the government went on the offensive, but ordered what came to be known as the inquiry. it's official brief to establish the cause of death of gilligan's. but when the inquiry published its findings, it exonerated the government over its
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w. m. d claim and focused on the shortcomings in gilligan's report. the verdict was in the b. b. c was guilty. hayden phillips was the civil servant in charge of setting up the inquiry. a lot of my colleagues in gum jubilant the result. yeah, i'm not saying but the b c were innocent and the government was guilty. i was genuinely surprised by the decisiveness in which he pinned blame on the b, b. c. and nobody else. the chairman of the babies have resigned. i thought wrongly and told him only. and the following day the governor of the b. b. c. got rid of me . so you would say that you were pushed. i was put, there was no doubt that the governors of the b b. she lost their bottle like kind
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of similar to decades earlier, dyke paid the price for defending the bbc's independence. the new government approved management struck a more compliant. we must now study the report carefully learn appropriate lessons and implement relative may use. there were in the wake of the departure of the chair and the director general attempt to once again introduce the risk of a editorial controls of controversial issues that the baby see. this for me was an important turning point. when i talked to older and more senior people, they date that that management seizure of power away from journalism much earlier, sometimes in the 1990 is on the john bird. but by the time you had this defeat by the government over the before, it was not level of management control of steroids. impartiality became really the
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excuse for an ideologically driven safety and refusal to challenge those in power. i personally didn't change anything quite literally anything about the way i presented to none of the editors. i think, well maybe i should qualify that a little. some of the editors with whom i worked were, may be a bit more cautious than they otherwise might have been. i think that was inevitable, given the huge pressures that they were on the enormous pressures the since the turn of the millennium, the bbc has tried to move with the time through diversity. dr. streaming services as one is graphically branching out of london. but as it begins, its 2nd century, its future is by no means assured since 2010, the conservative party has been back in power and its leaders have been leaving their mark, budget squeezes. have all the bbc to cut staff programs and channels. government
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allies have been appointed to key positions and the pvcs funding model. the license fee has been put on the table the good evening, and welcome to the be the scene use at thick from dining street, where boris johnson has promised to repay the trust versus with boris johnson's election in 20. 19 the bbc faced its most hostile prime minister since margaret thatcher. within 24 hours, the new government was boycotting flagship bbc programs accusing the cooperation of anti conservative by next up. a pledge to review, perhaps even abolish the license feed briefs to the media as a plan to quote one, the b, b, c, the u. k. government emergency cobra committee met this afternoon to discuss corona, far as the pandemic got in the way of johnson's plans. but his aggressive approach rattled the broadcaster and left a lasting imprint on its hierarchy. this tim davy,
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named by the b b. c is it's new, director general scene is more palatable to the government because of his background and conservative politics. there's also robbie get a former advisor to another conservative prime minister appointed by the government to the bbc's board. and then the man, the johnson administration hired as the bbc's new chairman, richard sharp. not only is sharpe, a long term donor to the party, an advisor to johnson. he's also accused of facilitating a personal loan for the prime minister, just weeks before his bbc appointment with johnson. now out of office, the bbc's future is in the hands of another conservative prime minister where she's soon that it just so happens that sooner can shop also go back a long way to their days working at the same investment bank, goldman sachs. since taking off a it's received through not has kept his thoughts on the bbc, and whether he'll follow through on johnson's idea of scrapping the latency to
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himself. but the cuts the political pressure, all the uncertainty that looms over the broadcaster has raised questions about its journalism. and its independence can and increasingly cautious bbc still speak truth to power and hold the british government to account caustic. come to stay a century after the bbc's birth, john read stream of a broadcaster that would inform, educate, and entertain the nation. have been realized several times over that reefs. idea of a truly independent bbc has been far harder to deliver. the tension it created with its government sponsors has at times of crisis looks more like a contradiction. one that as a, b, b, c begins at 2nd century, looks no closer to being resolved. we're going to lose a lot, not just to be lose
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a, b, b, c. but if we lose what it's still capable of doing, for those of us who kind of how this lo hate relationship with it. i mean, i love the fact that it exists. i hate some of the things it does. we must all be concerned about that. but we've already lost a lot because we've lost a lot of independence and a lot of desire to pursue truth a both above the goal of impartiality. i think the battle to the independence is constant ongoing and depends on the characters of the chairman of the b, b. c, the director general of the bbc, the heads of news. and if ever they get sucked in to love a relationship with government, and there are moments when that may happen. we're finished with a big
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news with the police footage starts with what appears to be a routine traffic stop. but quickly the situation escalates. police can be seen beating nichols and trying to subdue him with pepper spray. he can be heard crying for help and for his mother. o. nichols died from his injuries 3 days later. as the video was being released. protestors in memphis took to the streets to call for justice. this is certainly a city very much still in shock by what they saw in that video, the violent beating death of tyree nichols at the hands of police. from
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the al jazeera london broadcast center to people in thoughtful conversation, the story of the world is that the global side developed the global north and continues to do that with no host and no limitations. the corporation, if it were he, a man would act like a psychopath. part one of as your bother, and i said, raymond, we have to reduce our consumption here. but we also need economic justice for workers. studio b unscripted on al jazeera touchy money into african gold and exclusive al jazeera investigation coming soon we're.


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