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tv   The Listening Post  Al Jazeera  February 19, 2023 5:30am-6:01am AST

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walking in the moon. oh my ting is also excited about the opportunities. as a teenager, he took part in a space camp for students. he got to see astronauts training and visited some of china's space exploration facilities. now the scientist is hoping his research in wind turbines can be put to use in the national space program is just amazing that what we can achieve and what we have yet to explore in space. currently, i'm thinking whether i can use some of my knowledge and expertise to see what i can contribute. the city space museum is where many young people get their 1st glimpse, the rest of the galaxy for young people there would seriously consider you very interesting signs of the way of sancho the duration of their sites were such and it's hoped some of these young people will have a future beyond furniture. jessica washington out to sierra hong kong. ah.
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hello again. i'm elizabeth rhonda mentor help with the top stories on al jazeera, the u. s. secretary of state as hell talks with china's top diplomat weeks after a suspected chinese spy balloon entered american air space. anthony blank until wang ye, that american sovereignty should never be violated again. there was no apology. ah, but what i can also tell you is this was an opportunity to speak very clearly and very directly about the fact that china center surveillance blown over our territory, violating our sovereignty, violating international law. and i told him quite simply that that was unacceptable . and can never happen again. were of course not the only ones on the receiving end of the surveillance balloons. more than 40 countries. i've had these balloons fly over them. oh, in recent years or that's been exposed to the world. that meeting came on the side
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lines of the security conference in munich, where the biden administration level, its most serious condemnation of russia's invasion of ukraine. u. s. vice president cabella harris accused moscow of crimes against humanity in ukraine. in the case of russia's actions in ukraine, we have examined the evidence. we know the legal standards and there is no doubt. these are crimes against humanity. now the sister of north korean leader kim jong going has urged the us to stop what she calls all x threatening pyongyang security comments com, just hours after north korea said it had tested an intercontinental ballistic missile. japan's defense ministry says the mas are landed in it's exclusive
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economic zone launcher. now, a rocket has struck a building and central damascus. local report say it was fired by israeli forces. the building that was hit is set to be near a large security complex and close to iranian installations. those are the headlines on al jazeera, do stay with us. the listening post is coming up next. thank you very much for watching. from the al jazeera london broadcast center to people in thoughtful conversation, the story of the world is that the global side developed the global north and continues to do that with no host and no limitations. the corporation, if it were a human, would act like a psychopath. part one of as your bother and i said, raymond, we have to reduce our consumption here. but we also need economic justice for workers. studio b unscripted on al jazeera. this is london called his chairman of the british
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broadcasting company. now you're taking the real thing of on your end and you're standing the collection after leaving the guy a to lose the bbc, these the most vital, important, accessible cultural institution, invalid bonham. the bbc was born a century ago in 1922, just count the first's, the world's 1st public broadcaster 1st national radio service, 1st state packed television provider. the b b. c, wrote the book supplied the model for the networks that have sprung up across continents, including the one you're watching now. is probably the highest quality independent,
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balanced news and documentary coverage of any broadcasting or light session as well . with some time the networks mission to inform, educate and entertain a service for the people funded by the people. that funding is the bbc strength and it to kelly's he'll, the u. k. government controls the purse strings, which puts the bbc's domestic calm on a collision course with the politicians. it covers like the conservative party that has rules, britain for the past 13 years and has been cutting the broad costa down to size. it was never underestimate the malice of a prime minister who wants to destroy or at least reduce the part of the bbc public service. it's the government has it in the bbc, and my advice is always workshop. did you see enemies on movers?
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mm. mm hm. as it's 1st director general john read put it the bbc would serve the whole of britain, the wealthy, and the pool, the genius and the food. and it would report the news without fear or favor. mission statements are much easier to write them to fill. and it didn't take long for conflict to surface. between the bbc is dependent on the government and it's john mystic need to be independent from it. the b, b, c, news, and current affairs output here in the u. k. is at the heart of that conflict. one that has various points in the networks. history threatened its very existence there is a permanent attention between the government of the day of whatever political color
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and the b, b. c. i've put it this way that the b, b. c is independent of government pressure until such time as it is not. the report from every part of the country today revealed the general strike which began at midnight as caused an almost. ready complete industrial, around $926.00 millions of workers take to the streets in a general strike cooled in support of britain. coal mine and pretty workers stop the presses in solidarity that have to be less than 4 years old as the country, the only national new one. the conservative prime minister stanley baldwin wanted on his side. as the b. b c's found john reeds knew that independence and impartiality were crucial to its reputation. he also viewed the
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government's patronage as key to the b. b. c's, future for general strike was really crucial moment. and the baby said history that the person who become the baby's 1st threat to general is relying on the goodwill a government for the institutional future, the bbc. now the government strings along this kind of threat at the bbc being brought and the driver come control into the strike itself. and the reason they do that is pretty obvious because they know that it will impact editorially on what the bbc does, the job wreath compromised. the government would not come and did the b, b, c. but it was effectively given a veto over what could be broadcast dissenting voices from the trade unions to the opposition labor party band. in order to resume negotiations, the general counsel of the trade union congress decided to terminate the general
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strike today. by the time the union called off the strike, the strike has had a new name for the b, b. c. the british faltered corporation. and that was before we invited prime minister baldwin to broadcast to the nation from reach zone study. we even helped write the speech i a man of peace, but i will not surrender the safety and security of the british constitution laws we have, we considered the silly founder of the principles of a shallow and independence that the b, b. c was actually a man who allowed the prime minister of the day on the board, twin to broadcast from his own house and was very proud of his involvement in editing the words and making it sound better. that's going to be we have your
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confidence in good will to us have know me. john reads diary entry about the bbc. his role during the strike is put to tell him the strike he wrote would certainly have lasted much longer. had it not been for us, and just months later, the network got the government's official seal of approval through royal charter that formalized its existence. but it came with strings attached ministers were given the power to choose the bbc as chairman and members of its board. the government word control the bbc's funding through a license fee collected from listeners. and the network will be up for review by the government every 10 years. with
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when britain entered world war 2, it's media had to tow the government line as the primary distributor, an amplifier of winston churchill war time, speeches the b, b. c. now a global player grew central to the government's propaganda drive of the dawn of the television age, the b, b. c was well positioned to grow with the technology and the times that was most clearly reflected in the 19 sixties and seventies. when a culture of deference was making way for determination to challenge authority, it was a major liberation of questioning the old immediate postwar assumption which a lot of foreign years more, more and more than they do now. so there was a, was in africa and was going every artillery support for the americans on with those of us are not immediately likely to lose out here. but i feel that the
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climate change told when i said perhaps mostly under the premise a ship of margaret thatcher o, good evening. well, it looks like being one of the most exciting election nights ever when the possibility of a very close result and the prospect of britain having its 1st woman running the end of the night. margaret thatcher's election victory in 1979 triggered a transformation of britain's economy and institutions, including the b, b. c. by then a vastly expanded confident and at times combative news operation. sacha had the network in her sites who she believed that the bbc was soft in the head. the bbc was too liberal, bbc was not understanding what she wanted to do. and from the very beginning,
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she was trying to find ways of emasculating the bbc. there were 2 strands going on a government that was determined to believe the bbc to make that even safer what it wanted for in terms of the method. but it is also the amc producing program that was its way of fighting back for the politicians and program makers soon came into conflict. critical documentary is on topics ranging from britain's intelligence agencies to the fulton's war were tact, censored, sometimes shout. but no issue was as contentious as the troubles in northern ireland, where british troops were 10 years into fighting an insurgency by the irish republican army. the ira waged, a brutal bombing campaign. while british boss is committed atrocities of our own
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and the pressure on bbc journalists covering that story from politicians from locals, from their own bosses, was unrelenting t . o. in 1985, the such a government got wind of a b b. c documentary that followed to extremist politicians, one of whom was a suspected iran leader, a band over there will be the cutting edge away, which will bring food on the government wanted to bond the felt. the bbc's board of governors, many of whom had been appointed by fax, agreed but the decision was the director general. alice de milne, a tv produced by trade was having none of it determined today to reassert with controversial documentary on northern on them would run. the film was broadcast,
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but only of the addition of footage like this 20 seconds dedicated to the victims at the iraq. but mill was on borrowed time. voucher soon appointed a new baby see chairman his mission as he later wrote asked milton quickly and brutally doves direct pressure by the front minister. i was on with the baby. but the oldest thing about me sat she is isn't the baby see survived? i wasn't untouched because she removed to director general. but we were still went into the ninety's striving really well until john birds came along. i thought sure john, but seem to become direct to general was everything allister,
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milton was not john beth's point was very important because he represented someone who shared the view more market forces ought to be brought into the bbc, full disclosure for much of the $900.00 ninety's, the government official in charge of the department handling broadcasting policy was my phone. hayden phillips, he and john burke had their work cut out. ah, we were testing together in the run up to the b. c. charter review. and he is managed to enable the government to agree to a charter settlement, which was after years of tension was a sort of peace treaty. he was very important person in terms of the acceptability
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of the b, b. c, within government. george bush is by all our cars willing the south side to help is ally and friends. there is a mass destruction of the phone type quickly. there is no good for going to war on the basis of them in the 1st director general of the 21st century, greg dyke with a controversial appointment. greg dyke was all smiles this morning when he heard he got broadcasting top job. as a former donor to the party in power, you labor, dyke with prime minister, tony blair's favored candidate. but he was no push over by 2003. that rosy relationship had moved into another confrontation between the b, b, c, and a government at war. tony blair, the prime minister, wrote to me just before the war, started to say, he thought that reporting of the banner to iraq had been unfair.
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so i wrote pretty aggressive letter back saying that i'm sorry, but you've got thousands and thousands of people on the streets, protesting against you. half your party going to vote against you. your whole future is in doubt. in those circumstances, you can't be the judge of impartiality. you've got to leave it to us tonight, heavy bombardment on the day of the invasion of iraq whose britain largest military operation world war 2, the one that lacked international legal authority. while the majority of the british press supported the war, the b. b. c's mandate was to be impartial. not that that was was obvious. when coalition troops captured baghdad in april, 2003, some bbc, these are similar to the been coming out with the black dumb be entirely ungracious, even for his critics not to acknowledge that tonight he stands as a larger man and
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a stronger prime minister as a result we'd become a government, most peace. there were specific voices who were not allowed to recall. it was one of them. i remember saying to my, to my or that when you're going to lo i'm, she wore protest as onto this program. and he said, well, we have to let the parliamentary position do his job 1st. ah, meanwhile, outside the 2000000 people on the streets of london, none of them ever being reflected properly in the program. i rather doubt that news news night and those people deliberately withheld opponents of the war. do you think they did enough to scrutinize the case for war? all i know is that from the moment, from 911 onwards on the program, i was doing question time. we had a wide range of views both for and against. i'm just going to get and have
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a look. i've got a folder with all the question time stuff, so it just pulls a 2nd and i'll just michael moore. was michael more in favor of the war rather doubt it's september. the 262002 terror. golly. you see, they certainly wasn't than some bbc journalist directly challenged the official line which led to trouble defense report to andrew gilligan was investigating the black government dubious claims of iraqi weapons of mass destruction. claims the case against saddam hussein's regime . he has existing and active military plans for the use of chemical and biological weapons which could be activated within 35 minutes. gilligan had been briefed by government weapons inspected and concluded that downing street had quote sec, stop its case for war. he took his story on to b,
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b. c. radio. food defense corresponded and did a good. yes. i did. the 1st interview with the gilligan's downing street. apple says ordered a week before publication, ordered it to be set up to be made more exciting. and he didn't get everything right, but he got the heart of it. right? that's to say that effectively we've been light and the will win mad. before we can clear it is pretty much the end of the interview. number 10 was so need to be received, demanding a right, replied demanding that we retract everything really going to said which of course we get to do. greg dyke, the director general, defend the bbc and his report. but when going to consort was found dead a case of suspected suicide. going to go was left exposed, and the government went from the offense that ordered what came to be known as the
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hutton inquiry, it's official brief to establish the cause of death of gilligan's. but when the inquiry published its findings, it exonerated the government over its w. m. d claim and focused on the shortcomings in gilligan's report. the verdict was it the b, b, c, was guilty. hayden phillips was the civil servant in charge of setting up the inquiry. a lot of my colleagues in government was jubilant to resign. yeah, i'm not saying that b, b c were innocent and the government was guilty. but i was genuinely surprised by the decisive in his in which he pinned blame on the b, b. c. and nobody else the chairman of the babies, he resigned. i thought wrongly and told him only. and the following day, the governor of the b. b. c. got rid of me. so you would say that you were pushed.
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i was pushed, it was no doubt that the governors of the b b. she lost their bottle like kind of similar to decades earlier, dyke paid the price for defending the bbc's independence. the new government approved management struck a more compliant. we must now study the report cast. ready learn appropriate lessons and implement relative measures. ah, there were in the wake of the departure of the chair and the director general attempt to once again introduce the risk of a editorial controls over controversial issues that the baby see. this for me was an important turning point. when i talked to older and more senior people, they date that that management seizure of power away from journalism much earlier, sometimes in the 1990 on the john bird. but by the time you had this defeat by the
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government over the before, it was not level of management control on steroids. impartiality became really the excuse for an ideologically driven safety and refusal to challenge those in power. i personally didn't change anything quite literally anything about the way i created to none of the editors. i think, well maybe i should qualify them a little. some of the editors with whom i worked were, may be a bit more cautious than they otherwise might have been. i think that was inevitable, given the huge pressures that they were on the enormous pressures the the since the turn of the millennium, the bbc has tried to move with the time through diversity. dr. streaming services as one is graphically broken of london. but as it begins, its 2nd century, its future is by no means assured since 2010,
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the conservative party has been back in power and its leaders have been leaving them. mark, budget squeezes have forced the bbc to cut staff programs and channels. government allies have been appointed to key positions and the pvcs funding model. the license fee has been put on the table the good evening and welcome to the be the can use at think from dining street web. boris johnson has promised to repay the trust versus with boris johnson's election in 20. 19 the bbc faced its most hostile prime minister. since margaret thatcher. within 24 hours, the new government was boycotting flagship bbc programs accusing the cooperation of anti conservative by next up. a pledge to review, perhaps even abolish the license feed briefs to the media with the plan to quote walk the b, b c, the u. k. government emergency cobra committee met this afternoon to discuss corona
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far as the pan demik got in the way of johnson's plans. but his aggressive approach rattled the broadcaster and left a lasting imprint on its hierarchy. this tim davy, named by the b b. c is it's new, director general scene is more palatable to the government because of his background and conservative politics. there's also will be get a former advisor to another conservative prime minister appointed by the government to the bbc's board. and then the man, the johnson administration hired as the bbc's new chairman, richard sharp. not only is sharpe, a long term donor to the party, an advisor to johnson. he's also accused of facilitating a personal loan for the prime minister, just weeks before his bbc appointment with johnson. now out of office, the bbc's future is in the hands of another conservative prime minister wishes to knock. it just so happens that sooner can shop also go back a long way to their days working at the same investment bank,
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goldman sachs. since taking off it's rashid soon not has kept his thoughts on the bbc. and whether he'll follow through on johnson's idea of scrapping the licensee to himself. but the cut, the political pressure, all the uncertainty that looms over the broadcaster has raised questions about its journalism and its independence can and increasingly cautious b, b. c, still speak truth to power and hold the british government to account caustic as a century after the b. b. c's birth john read stream of a broadcaster that would inform, educate, and entertain. the nation have been realized several times over the reefs. idea of a truly independent b, b. c has been far harder to deliver. the tension it created with its government sponsors has at times of crisis. looks more like a contradiction. one that as a, b,
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b, c begins at 2nd century, looks no closer to being resolved. we're going to lose a lot, not just to be lose a, b, b, c. but if we lose what it's still capable of doing, for those of us who kind of how this lo hate relationship with it. i mean, i love the fact that exists. i hate some of the things it does. we must all be concerned about that. but we've already lost a lot because we've lost a lot of independence and a lot of desire to pursue truth above above the goal of impartiality. i think the battle to the independence is constant ongoing and depends on the characters of the chairman of the bbc, the director general of the bbc, the heads of news. and if ever they get sucked into a love, a relationship with government. and there are moments when that may happen. we're
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finished with a big ah and then to 3000000 nigeria of register to vote in the 2023 gen over the next 10 to 30000000 more than the entire board and population in the rest of west africa. the board to say they care about the economy insecure to unemployment. how is it would bring you comprehensive coverage of this election? the candidates and the issues? we understand the differences and similarities of cultures across the world. so no
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matter why you call hand al jazeera will bring you the news and current affairs that matter to you. out of the area in november 2020 austrian security services carried out operation lux, all against dozens of muslims. i opened my eyes and saw a machine gun pointed at my head, but a court found the re unlawful and now charges at the dropped against one of the accused. one of the reason why they are doing this is because they want to intimidate antiterrorist measure or discrimination. austria operation looks all on algebra. ah.


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