tv BBC World News BBC America September 10, 2014 6:00am-7:01am EDT
hello. i'm with bbc world news. our top stories this hour. the three leaders are in scotland urging people to vote no in the looming referendum. right now it's simply too close to call. they're all here in scotland today trying to convince voters to vote to stay with the united kingdom. also ahead, 400 dead, thousands stranded, severe
flooding causing devastation across parts of india and pakistan. fighting islamic state militants. u.s. secretary of state john kerry arrives in baghdad to rally support for more military action. a chocolate teapot that actually works, if you're quick. thanks for being with us. we start in scotland where nothing left but the future of the united kingdom will be decided. the referendum could go either way. the knife edged position has left the prime minister david cameron to unite with the two other political party leaders and head to scotland. they'll tell them the rest of uk
wants them to stay part of the family. the pro independence camp says this is a sign of growing desperation. keeping across all the proceedings today is lucy live in scottish capital for us. lucy? >> reporter: the message that you've just messaged is is echoing across scotland today. this is a once in a lifetime opportunity scotts have to vote whether or not they want to be independent or remain in the united kingdom. both sides are talk ago bt that message saying don't wake up next week saying don't regret your decision. david camp ron said don't rip our family apart. don't take the once in a lifetime opportunity into the great unknown. uk's three main leaders, political parties, here today. it will be interesting to see how that plays out with people
here in scotland. the yes camp leader says they're the three amigos, three most popular. they say it will do them damage and not lend support. this is a glorious day across scotland for this debate to be taking place. with more political details, here's ben. >> reporter: they want today to be about unity. their own and the countries. the three main uk party leaders are all going to scotland to plead with voters to keep the uk together. today the prime minister warning es that independence would be a leap into the dark writing in the daily mail, he urges scotts not to rip apart what he says is a family of nations. >> i care about our united kingdom. i want to do everything i can to
put aurprguments in front of th people. i want them to know the rest of the united kingdom want them to stay a. >> the flag has been flying over the street as a gesture of friendship. there are promises too. main parties have agreed to give powers over tax, spending and welfare if there's a vote against independence. the yes campaign say those commitments are a sign of desperation. >> we have the most popular prime minister in history joined at the hip with the leader in scottish politics. coming up together with the entire westminster establishment in total and utter panic. >> the yes and better together campaigns are now neck and neck. a poll today suggests more women are planning to vote yes than
no. these political enemies are setting a a side differences and hoping to persuade voters to reject independence. the yes campaign claims it's energizing scotland and gavel nicing support. bbc news. >> reporter: it's going to be interesting to see how persuasive those leaders are. it echoes what i've been hearing here. they said we don't need prime ministers coming here telling us how to vote. we can make up our own mind. this is our decision. walking around the streets yesterday, i didn't meet one undecided voter. every single person had clearly made up their minds. the debate is ferocious over the city of edinburg. there are signs of yes and no camp. lots wearing buttons in caves
and re-- in cafe and restaurant. they will decide whether scotland will be its own independent nation. >> thanks lucy for now. more from you later on this important story. this is the parts of india and pakistan. heavy flooding is causing devastation in those countries. northern and eastern parts of pakistan and regions are worst affected areas. at least 400 have been killed so far. the flood waters have forced thousands to leave their damaged homes. rescue teams are using boats to get flood supplies to stranded families. helicopters are bringing some people out. there's heavy flooding as well in the capital of india from
where these pictures have come. floods here are described as worst in half a century. although the rain have now subsided as you see many areas of the city still water logged and people clinging for life. we're going to the city where the river flows. >> reporter: we're in an area where there's been a new massive surge of flooding overnight. just to give you an idea of the scale of it, when you look behind me, you can see water in every direction. the river that's coming from is is actually four kilometers from where i'm standing. relief workers operating here say this is the worst flood they've had to deal with. >> some say this is becoming the new normal in pakistan. devastating flooding that used to happen every decade now come every year.
tens of thousands of people have been made homeless across the region by late season rain many blame on climate change. we join one rescue team as they head out to find more strand add survivors. they call out to houses that only the day before was still on dry land. the rescue team is only just in time for this family. after another surge, the water levels are rising every minute now. as the survivors on board grows, some admit they ignored warnings to leave earlier. no one expected a flood this bad a woman says. some of my family left. we stayed behind to look at the house and our animals. >> every house they reach, rescue teams find more people. this boat is now full. there are still hundreds of people stranded in houses all
across this farming area that's been turn into one giant lake. >> back on land, the authorities are feeling the pressure under attack for speed of rescue effort. >> translator: my son is stuck. no one is helping him. >> thousands have been rescued. those overseeing the operation say they're stretched to the limit. >> when you have disaster like this, resources are not option. we are working day and night. >> each boat draws a desperate crowd hoping for family members on board. these crowds are going to keep getting worse. let's take you to iraq.
the u.s. secretary of state john kerry arrived in the capital baghdad a couple of hours ago. he's beginning a tour of the middle eastern nations to generate support to the fight against islamic state militants. meanwhile president obama says he already has the authority he needs to widen military action against the jihads in iraq and syria. he's making a tv address later on wednesday. our correspondents in baghdad outlines what john kerry's priority temperaturehe -- prior likely to be. >> there's a more inclusive less devicive government in iraq has been met. by forming this government, getting rid of previous prime minister, maliki, america has more ability to confront the islamic state.
it can democrat cli, politically invade with this. britain is given a bump of financial aid to buy guns and ammo from peshmerga and northern iraq. the iraqi army will need a great deal of help. will will there be air strikes, intelligence support? they'll have a long shopping list and expect america to deliver on the help they've been asking for for a long time. >> we want to have full coverage of president obama's speech when he set ises out his strategy for defeating islamic state. coverage starts here 0100 "gmt" later. >> one story on this same crisis in iraq and syria. saudi ambassador denies that his
government supports or funds islamic state. he told bbc his country rejects malicious accusations that saudi arabia is responsible for rise of i.s. he says the international community's failure to intervene allowed groups to spread in syria and iraq. let's get all the latest business news now. aaron is here with bad news for travelers. >> what is the german word for stri stri strike? >> strike. >> go figure. an eight hour strike today, the third by a german airline pilots in two weeks. it's the sixth so far this year. the carrier says 110 flights will be cancelled. they're expecting 13500
passengers. the strike last week wiped millions of euross off the airline's pilots. they had to put stranded passengers up in hotels. pilots are striking against early retirement. we're going to keep a cross on this and more coverage on "gmt" in an hour's time. the chairman of the biggest bank has died following a heart attack. the prime minister was among many to pay tribute. he was botin was the third generation of his family to lead the company. he led for three decades. his daughter is chief executive of the group's uk arm. they haven't won any matches. they failed to qualify for the champions league. off the pitch, manchester united remains one of the investor favorites. despite the performance this season is, the club signed a record $1.3 billion sponsorship
and sales of those famous red shirts keep flying off the shelves. all together that looks set to boost the earnings. we're expecting their numbers out in a few hours time. we'll bring them to you. we're expected they posted a profit for fourth quarter period. lots going on. tweet me @bbc aaron. "gmt" in over an hour's time. >> see you later on. thank you. now, the ukrainian president poroshenko said he will grant to the east of his country and they will remain part of ukraine. poroshenko said russia had moved the bulk of forces back to russian territory. russia denies sending troops to ukraine. one other point on this story as well. in the last few minutes, a line from roiters, the german chancellor angela merkel said in
her opinion, eu sanctions announced monday against russia should be put in place straight away. she says in view of the current situation that's brought improvement to relations, it's not 100% ceasefire but improvement. the lack of clarity on other points means we're in favor of making sanctions public now. they could be suspended at a later date if there was progress towards a peace plan towards ukraine. those coming from angela merkel. plenty more on ukraine. stay with us now on bbc world news. still plenty more to come this hour including this. take a look at this teapot made of chocolate. why doesn't it melt? we'll tell you why. years. you named it brad. you loved brad. and then you totaled him. you two had been through everything together. two boyfriends. three jobs. you're like "nothing can replace brad!" then liberty mutual calls. and you break into your happy dance.
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leaders of three main political parties are visiting scotland on maintaining the united kingdom. the yes campaign says it shows panic. floods cause devastation in pakistan. 400 have died and thousands are stranded. now as we've been reporting, president obama will make a speech on wednesday outlining the strategy he's been drawing up to combat the militants in iraq and syria. we asked four correspondents in the region to look at challenges mr. obama faces. let's start with the iraqi capital in baghdad. >> the islamic state have pushed iraq to the brink of a break up. after their advance in june, they're now in control of a large part of the country, the part where the sunni community lives. i.s. have effectively exploited the divisions between sunnis and
iraq and the sgovernment. there's a new government in place but needs to gain the trust and support of all iraq community in order the to succeed in the confrontation with i.s. >> this is just a tiny fraction of these hundreds of thousands displaced iraqis who flooded here after what i.s. has done. these people are christians. they and other minorities have been particularly hard hit. what they have in common is one thing. none of them know when or whether they'll be able to go home. >> reporter: this whole village is in mourning. a soldier was captured and beheaded by the islamic state. a second soldier was captured. there are fears that if more soldiers are killed there will be revenge attacks against syrians in lebanon or across
lebanon sectarian divide, sunni against shiite. this could be the most serious threat to lebanon's peace since the civil war began in syria over the border. the islamic state is at the center of the crisis. >> this river forms part of turkey's 900 kilometer long border with syria. syria is beyond that clump of trees. islamic state militants have grown in strength and the turkish military has increased patrols on this border. turkey was criticized early on for failing to distinguish between the opposition groups allowing resources, fighters and weapons to cross the borders and end up in jihadi hands, something it disputes. with the growing threat of i.s. and after 49 diplomats were kidnapped by the group in june and still being held, they've
clamped down with arrests, patrols. the question is, is it too little too late? >> on the border between turkey and syria there. on september 11, 2013, the small community of james town, colorado was almost wiped out by a flood. one resident was killed and home buried by landslide. three days of torrential rain forced thousands to flee their homes. bbc newest pop mobile bureau in bould in, colorado has visited james town to hear the remarkable story of survival. >> raining for days. >> raining and raining. >> there was a landslide up the road. >> sounds like a freight train.
just coldness and quietness as if we were buried. >> i was having a hard time going to sleep because when the creek fills up with water running quickly, the boulders start rolling down the creek and makes sound of thunder coming from underneath you. >> at least that a size and bigger were just flying down the river. >> our friend miles was drenched in his pajamas yelling you don't want to hear this. you don't want to hear this. he told us our best friend joey had died in a mud slide. i grabbed my children, took one last look at them lying in their bed and knew things were about to really change. i couldn't see anything. my husband said oh my god.
it was an ocean of debris. it was a raging machine out there. >> just rubble. >> at that time, joey's roommate had climbed out the window as the house was collapsing. i could see the living room wall bowed out towards, cracks in the wall and debris all the way up. i knew his room was gone. >> when the sun came out and the rain quit and the river went back to where it belonged and we saw what was left, it was very difficult. very difficult. >> three weeks ago the water was re-established. over the past year, we've developed -- if it was possible -- a greater sense of community. >> we've been back and forth a lot. there's a lot of work to be done here. we lost our way of life. we lost our neighbor. we lost a lot. >> james town is a really unique
community in that it's the true sense of community. i don't know that this would protect us from an event like this. do i think we'd be better off? certainly. is it worth living here? yeah, for sure. >> given our top story today, it's about floods in india and pakistan. we wanted to give you a taste and up to date of people that suffered floods in james town, colorado. that from our pop uptown in colorado. more from them over the coming weeks and months on bbc. find out more about this new project, bbc pop up, on our website. they're traveling around all of america in the next few months. follow the team's blog as well there from behind the scenes. now a little bit of sports news. new u.s. champion is on top of
the world. we'll show you pictures of that a. here is showing off his trophy 70 stories high at the top of new york's comcast building. he became the first asian to win since 2001 when he won monday's final. >> this victory what i've gained is for sure the mind set i'm going to know with my i training and training routine with my game. if i'm going to do well, i'm going to have great results. that was still under question in the past. i have to of course work for it and be very consistent with that. for sure, it's way, way closer for me to win another one than was before this one. >> just one story i want to share with you this half hour before we go for a minute. if you've heard the phrase, as useless as a chocolate teapot,
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people to vote no on the referendum. >> they're all here in scotland trying to convince voters not to break up the united kingdom. the the yes camp shows they're in a state of panic. also coming up, we'll meet the the judge thursday who will deliver the verdict in the oscar pistorius murder trial. hello. welcome. thanks very much for being with us. this is the scene in parts of india and pakistan. heavy flooding causing devastation in north and east pakistan and politically divided region. at least 400 have been kill add cross the two countries. flood waters have forced thousands of people to leave their damaged homes.
rescue teams are using boats to drop flood flies to families left stranded. helicopters are evacuating victims. these pictures are from the floods described as the worst in half a century. although the rains have subsided, many area of the city are are still water logged, people clinging for life. bbc andrew north is in the state where the river flows. >> reporter: we're in the area where there's been a whole new massive surge of flooding overnight and this morning. just to give you idea of scale of it, when you look behind me, you can see water in every direction as far as the horizon. the river is four kilometers from where i'm standing. relief workers operating here say this is the worst flood
they've ever had to deal with. some say this is becoming the new normal in pakistan. devastating floods that used to happen every decade now come every year. yet again, tens of thousands of people have been made homeless across the region by rain that many blame on climate change. we joined one rescue team as they head out to find more stranded survivors. they call out to houses that a only the day before was still on dry land. the rescue team is only just in time for this family. after another surge, the water levels are rising every minute now. as the survivors on board grows, some admit they ignored warnings to leave earlier. no one expected a flood this bad this woman says is. some of my family left, but we stayed behind to look after the
house and our animals. >> every house they reach the rescue teams find more people. this boat is now full. there are still hundreds of people stranded in houses all across this farming area that's been turned to one giant lake. >> back on land, the authorities are feeling the pressure under attack for the speed of the rescue effort. my son is stuck, this woman cries. no one is helping him. >> thousands have been rescued. those overseeing the operation say they're stretched to the limit. >> we're all working in coordination. when you have disaster like this, resources are not an option. people do criticize. we're working day and night. each new boat draws a desperate crowd hoping their relatives are
on board. there's a bigger fear now that annual floods keep getting worse. bbc news, pakistan. >> we told you earlier that there was heavy flooding in india administered cashmere. our bbc hindi is there. join us and bring us up to date on the latest there. >> reporter: there are thousands of people there who have been brought from different places and told they'll be taken out of the city somewhere safer. they say nobody has come up to them. of course people making alliance. people are trying to get out. it is expensive. people there say the prices are
going up every minute. almost 250 dead in kashmir region. of course the valley has been severely affected. you can see behind us that there's water all around, almost four to five feet deep. we are not going further ahead. water has got into hotels. there are no hotels. mostly phone lines are not working. it's better that you can get connected to people. >> do people there feel help is coming or are they worried? >> reporter: actually it's a mixed bag. indian army has been claiming
almost 50,000 people have been rescued from different parts of the state. when you go, you hear two kind of stories. one kind of story people say are helped. we just talked to other section. they are saying nobody has come to them. it's local volunteers doing everything on their own when water is receding. there's no drinking water. people here have no food. any time they could be banned together for days. they're saying no water and no electricity. people who are badly affected and need medicines, there are no medicines. they said nobody has come up to us. we are just on our own helping each other. >> okay. thanks for the latest. now let's take you to iraq
because the u.s. secretary of state john kerry has arrived in the capital baghdad beginning a tour of middle eastern nations to pick up support for the fight against islamic state militants. meanwhile, back in washington, president obama says he has the authority he needs to step up military action against jihads in iraq and syria. he'll make a tv address later on wednesday. our correspondent in baghdad outlines john kerry's priorities will be when he talks to the government. >> he will be saying the american precondition if you like, there's a more inclusive less sectarian, less decisive government here in iraq that's been met. whether it has we'll see in coming hos. by forming government and getting rid of previous prime minister malady, america has greater confidence in iraq ability to confront the islamic
state. it can help the new government in tackling the islamic state. what does that mean in terms of support? britain is given a bump of financial aid to buy guns and ammo. the iraqi army will be needing a great deal of help. will it be further air strikes, intelligence support? they have a long shopping list. they'll expect america to deliver on kind of help they've been asking frankly for quite some time to combat the growing threat of isis and huge overspill of conflict in syria. >> there in baghdad. we'll have full coverage of president obama's speech wednesday as he sets out the ways to defeat the islamic state. that starts 0100 "gmt." staying with this story, one of the countries secretary of state is visiting is saudi arabia. the saudi president is denying
suggestions his government supports or funds islamic state. he tosaid the international community's failure to intervene has allowed militant groups to spread within syria and iraq. just a couple of other stories making headlines around the world now. 200 died in a single day from ebola in west africa according to the world health organization. it says the death toll passed 2,200 half a in the past two weeks. the outbreak threatened the country's very existence. russian media is reporting the rebel leader in eastern ukraine has agreed guarantees of safety as investigators go look at the airliner mh 17. malaysian and dutch experts are trying to establish what brought the plane down in july with death of 300 passengers and
crew. staying with ukraine. president poroshenko says he'll grant greater autonomy to regions in the east but they would remain part of ukraine. he said russia moved the bulk of forces from eastern ukraine back to russian territory. russia denies having sent troops to ukraine. now, in act 24 hour's time, the parra olympic athlete oscar pistorius will be found guilty or not guilty of murdering his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. it will be down to the judge to deliver the verdict. andrew has been looking at her life story. >> reporter: a warm welcome for a special visitor, the judge who has come back to the poor township she grew up in outside
johannesburg. as a young women, her ambitions were sorted by racism. she's had the chance to flourish what matters is what you have. if you persevered, go to school. if you want to be a teacher, a judge, you can be as long as you persevere. >> persevere she has. only the second black woman to become a judge. now this trial, her every gesture under scrutiny. >> like her composure. i think it's important for the judge to somehow introduce an element of poise in the proceedings. >> mind your language.
your don't call a witness a liar. >> in an overwhelming white courtroom, the judge's quiet authority has turned her into an important role model. the country is questions with issues of race and gender. >> look at her background. it's probably similar to most young black girl's black ground. to handle such a high pro case, it's history in the making. it's inspiring to young black girls. >> you look at her and think one day i can be something great. i don't have to listen to everyone is a about women not being equal. >> now comes the judge's defining moment. she prepares to read out her verdict. an intensely quiet person in and outside of court. she's given oscar pistorius no hint of what to expect. >> i thank the state's team and
defense team. as for her own future and that of south africa -- >> we have a long way to go obviously. we're going somewhere. we're making a difference. some men are not used to seeing women giving orders. it becomes very sensitive area. it is tough, but you know, one gets use to it. >> so a trial about the fall of one famous role model. >> how do you plead? >> not guilty my lady. >> has proved to be the rise of a very different one. bbc south africa. >> for the verdict of that, full coverage as it comes in 24 hours time, stay with us on bbc world news. still to come -- the great wall of china. why beijings has battled scotland's vote on whether to break away from the uk.
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this is bbc news. these are the latest headlines. floods in pakistan where 400 have died. fighting ining islamic stat militants, u.s. secretary of state john kerry is in baghdad to rally for more military action. prime minister david cameron and other two main political parties in the uk are in scotland to urge voters to reject independence in next week's crucial referendum. opinion polls show the race is neck and neck. lucy is in the capital city of edinburg keeping across developments in this campaign. there's comments already this
morning. >> reporter: in the past few minutes or so, and i'll bring you those in a moment. the debate in scotland in the past few weeks has taken on two flavors. one about the economy and one about what it means to be scottish and identity. an emotional argument really. standing up here, i couldn't resist but to use the landscape that's so gorgeous to illustrate. you can see the industrial heart and ocean there. the economy playing a crucial role in the debate. people talking about whether more jobs would be created if scotland were independent and big questions about what currency they would use. the the governor of bank of england saying scotland could not use the pound if voted for sovereignty. that could weigh in the debate today. you can see behind me, isn't that gorgeous today? there is edinburg.
if you're a scottish in the world, you'll be moved by this view today of the castle. the campaign has been accused of not using emotion enough trying to scare some of the voters here in scotland. they've changed that in 24 hours. you mentioned david cameron, the prime minister here. he's given comments in the past ten minutes or so. they are emotional. he's told people this is an irreversible referendum. this is not an election where voters might take the chance to get rid of toris. he told voters the [ bleep ] toris, his own party, conservatives. he said i would be heartbroken if scotland left the united kingdom. newspapers reflecting that tone from the prime minister saying do not rip our family apart.
the debate is emotional today. many are appealing once again when addressing scottish voters here. >> we've got team scotland against team westminster. the this is not the scottish national party, green party, political party. it's every type of scottish society. what we're seeing on the other side is team westminster jetting up to scotland for the day because they're panicking in the campaign. this is a key test on jobs. we test a parliament to create jobs scotland. team westminster is concerned about its own jobs. >> alex there talking about jobs as well. he's been critical of the fact that david cameron and the two others are here. he calls them the three amigos
and says this is a panic measure and shows the no campaign is in disarray. you may have your own opinions about what you think should happen, which way voters should go. some countries make their opinion clear. in china, they have why they feel scottish voters should break away. they want scotland to vote to stay in the united kingdom. now we report from beijing. >> reporter: china built the great wall when battling northern neighbors. since then the country has expanded borders. suggestion of separation is crushed. china views scottish independence with amouusemenamu.
he's fas natd by -- fascinated by all things scottish. he's never stepped foot in the country. >> i love the scotti isish cult. i'm not scottish or british. they make the choice. >> their official view is that scotland would be better off in the uk. beijing worries scottish independence will encourage its own minorities. any talk of independence is viewed as treason here. beijing is batting weeger separatists. people have long claimed of repression under chinese rule. beijing says if taiwan island declares formal independence, it opens the right to use military force. this political analyst tells me beijing fooinds it unbelievable that london would allow the uk
to split. >> they will become a weakened entity and whatever that will remain of the united kingdom will be less of player in international politics. that in itself is unfortunate i would say. >> unfortunate perhaps. this whisky fair in beijing show chinese have a first of what comes out of scotland. nationalists say independent government would do a better job of selling off exports. beyond whisky, chinese know little about scotland. they may toss the country, but there's no clammer for scottish independence here. >> reporter: the story of the day is that the president is moved by the three leaders to not have questions time in westminster but to come here and
campaign. we're not sure how it's going to play out. when you speak to people here, many have said to me today when i asked them in the street, they said we don't need westminster politicians coming up here and telling us how to vote. we can make our own decisions. there's also those that say that david cameron is not well liked in scotland and that it's the wrong thing for him to be here. it might turn people the other way. we'll wait and see how the debate plays out today. do follow me on twitter. i'm at lucy hockings, bbc. send me your thoughts. we'd love to hear from you. join ugh throughos throughout t. enjoy the weather and politics. one of the things scotland is thinking about is relationship with european union. news coming out of eu about other important things. particularly the announcement of names of new commissioners. the incoming president of the
european commission has been making the announcement. these are the people who have a key role in shaping what the eu does over the next five years. let's go live now to our correspondent chris morris in brussels to get the latest on announcements. chris, first of all, bring us up to date on who's getting what job. what does that mean they'll have the responsibility to deliver? >> sure. it's a complicated set of people really. there are 28 commissioners, one from each member state. what he has done is reorganize the commission a bit to reflect changing priorities. he's putting in a set of vice president who is have overall responsibility to certain policy areas. most of them are recent prime ministers. he's got a political team here. then he has below that specific commissioners doing specific tasks. for example, the former french finance minister will be in
charge of economic affairs particularly affairs affecting t eurozone. the british commissioner will be running financial service ises and particularly the way the banks so banks supervised and regulated. many say the aftermath and continuation of crisis in the euro zone. then commission of energy union. that's a big issue because of concerns of gas supplies from russia and ongoing conflict in ukraine. he has a senior team here. i think as always, in bureaucracy like this, it will take time to work out exactly who's doing what. there will be rivalries and so forth. i think now at least we moe who will be doing what in the european union over the next five years. >> thank you very much indeed. just one very important story to bring you before we go. if you've heard the phrase as useless as a chocolate teapot,
it means something is basically useless, until now. check this out. this is a genuine chocolate teapot. designers took six weeks to come up with a pot to withstand boiling water six minutes. apparently the insides went gooey. it insulated the outside of the pot. added a chocolate taste. we can't let this happen. there is something we can do about it. please join christina aguilera and yum! brands in a movement to fight world hunger by supporting the united nations world food program. to donate, go to hungertohope.com or make a text donation right now. your contribution will feed children and save lives. together, we can stop the dying and start the living. and together, we can move people from hunger to hope. ♪ eenie. meenie. miney. go.
hello. you're watching "gmt" on bbc world news with me david eades. our top stories. scotland's vote on independence is on a knife edge. a third support from the three britain main party leaders as david cameron pleads scotts not to take a leap into the unknown. join me lucy hockings in edinburg. the yes campaign says this is a cynical move by the leaders showing they're in a state of panic. also, what is the