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tv   BBC World News  BBC America  October 30, 2014 7:00am-8:01am EDT

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hello. i'm tim wilcox with "bbc world news." our top stories. israel closes access to the temple mount and mosque following clashes in jerusalem. the palestinian president says it is tantamount to an act of war. the first iraqi kurdish peshmerga fighters are allowed to cross from turkey to the town of kobane under siege from islamic state militants. demonstrators in burkina set the parole building under fire.
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as thousands of would-be migrants try to reach the united kingdom, we hear the story of one teenager who's made the perilous journey. hello. the palestinian president mahmoud abbas has described israel's decision to close the mosque compound, the third holiest sight for muslims, as tantamount to a declaration of war. israeli police sealed off the site, which is known to jews as temple mount. a our correspondent in jerusalem quentin sommerville gave us an
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update a little earlier on what had happened. >> reporter: the great danger, the tensions here in jerusalem, which had been simmering for months, even before the war in gaza, may boil over. now, the site in east jerusalem, he's accused of being the shooter of mr. glick where he was killed this morning in east jerusalem. and all morning long, there's been rocks thrown, tiles been set alight in that neighborhood. security forces have been responding with tear gas. they're there in significant force, because there's an expectation that this could escalate, because temple mount, which is a sight which is sacred to both jus and muslims in the old city, has been closed to access, both to muslims and everyone else for the first time in 14 years. and that's a very serious development.
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>> yeah, and in fact, it was the second intifada which was sparked really by sharone visiting back in the year 2000. >> reporter: well, it's some debate over whether that particular visit did lead to the second intifada, but it certainly didn't help the situation on the ground. there's one report that mahmoud abbas, the palestinian president, has said that this is tantamount to a declaration of war. he isn't saying it's a declaration of war, but if these activities causing access to muslims to tefrl mount continue, that could lead to a very serious escalation of the situation here. >> quentin sommerville reporting just outside the suspected gunman there. can you just talk us through the events of the past few hours, and the shooting of this man?
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who opened fire first? >> yesterday evening, there was an attempted assassination on yehuda glick, an activist in jerusalem outside the heritage building, a very famous building here in jerusalem. after the attempted assassination, the suspected fled the area and he fell on a motorbike. immediately, police units and roadblocks were set up across jerusalem in order to find the suspect. and the investigation developed throughout the night. israeli police, counterterrorism units surrounded the building. we called upon the suspect to come out and open fire and immediately responded by shooting the suspect. he was killed at the scene. >> so you gave him an opportunity to surrender. he wasn't shot dead on site. >> that's absolutely correct. the israeli police tried to make the arrest. the suspect fled on to the roof. he opened fire at our offices, and made engagement with them,
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and immediately the officers opened fire, and that's what took place. none of our officer were injured. at the moment, israeli police are focusing on security measures if and around jerusalem. there are a number of local incidents, and it's very important to put things into proportion. a few local incidents that took place, which were quickly contained by large police officers in terms of numbers that were in the area. and in general security measures are being carried out. and the temple mount is in fact closed today throughout the day in order to prevent any major incidents on the tefmple mount. >> but why was the decision made to close temple mount, where this is seen as such a provocative action in the eyes of the palestinian president? >> i can only comment what's going on on the ground level. what's most important here in jerusalem is to make sure the security situation calms down. over the past couple weeks, there's been stones throwing
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constantly against our police officers and israelis that are living in different areas and different neighborhoods. things calmed down over the jewish festivals, which finished two weeks ago, but unfortunately there was this surprise attack, a surprise shooting yesterday evening, and therefore at the moment, the most sensitive place in jerusalem, but we don't want any disturbances taking place. not by muslims, not by jews, not by christians, and therefore it's important for us to make sure the status quo is kept. >> when people say this is the legacy of the conflict in gaza, the war in gaza and indeed jewish settlement expansion, how do you react to that? >> they have to deal with down south con standpoint rockets being fired into israel by hamas, a separate issue. threats of infiltration from hamas tunnels inside the southern part is something we have dealt with. that's why the idea for the operation took place. at the same time as the idf operation was taking place, unfortunately there was an
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undercurrent in tension here in jerusalem where palestinians attempted and also caused damage to different neighborhoods and attacked police officers which has been going on for months. a strategic decision was made last week, and that's before last week's terrorist attack last week near the light railway, which was carried out bay palestinian terrorist as well. who was also shot at the scene. so it's a second terrorist attack. so at the moment, we're focusing, concentrating on boosting up security in jerusalem. and we're hoping that things will gradually, slowly calm down and get back to the way they were several weeks ago. >> all right, mickey rosenfeld, thank you very much indeed for joining us on the program.y ros thank you very much indeed for joining us on the program. bring you some breaking news from burkina-fasso. protests continuing there and seriously escalating. protesters now storming the parliament building and burning it down.
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we can show you where burkina faso is. the city hall building and headquarters of the ruling party in the capital are also believed to have been burnt down as well. you can see some of the protests here. this is -- these are showing the moments, the state television went off the air. that's what we've seen now after the building was ransacked. protests relating to a vote on thursday on a proposal by the government to change the constitution. now, this is about the president who is standing for re-election next year. he's also been in power for 27 years and he wants to be able to extend that. we'll try and get the latest from burkina faso in the next few minutes. activists say the first group of kurdish peshmerga forces from iraq have entered the syrian town of kobane, which is besieged by islamic state militants. they're among 150 fighters
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arriving to help syrian kurdish fighters who have been holding back islamic state with the help of american-led air strikes. we're joined now on the turkey-syria border. what sort of numbers have been allowed across and how much difference is it making on the ground? >> reporter: well, the troops arrived last night. i think they haven't entered the city yet. seems to me there is a lot of issues. they have to inspect the situation. what we are hearing, the kurdish peshmerga, they arrived last night around 3:00 a.m. in the morning. a team of them this morning have gone to the border to inspect the situation, and possibly we are hearing from some sources that they might cross the border today or sometimes tomorrow. we don't know yet exactly when they are entering the city. but obviously, there is a lot of hopes in kurdish community, and those people who are watching
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the city under fire. so they are hoping this peshmerga, who are equipped with heavy weapons and artilleries, they might make difference in the fight, because that's what the kurdish fighters in the city have been asking for all along in the past six weeks. they have asked for fire power and seems to me they are taking some artillery, they might just provide them that. >> yeah, and i think various combat medical teams allowed across as well. what sort of restrictions is turkey putting on this in terms of the numbers? >> well, obviously, as you see, the majority of the peshmerga who arrived, the two teams, they assembled here and they are in this military base, and turkey sealed off most of the roads leading to kobane gate crossing point. but at the same time, turkey has been trying to keep them away from the crowds and
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international media for obvious and domestic reasons. but turkey agreed to 150 peshmerga to go there. but today, the kurdish regional government president barzani said this number, it was based on the demand of the fighters inside the city, because they have told that they don't need foot on the ground, they need weapons and advanced weapons. that's why they just send 150 peshmerga. but other sources -- we talked to other people. they say no, that was the restriction turkey imposed on kurdish government and told them they just allow that number, which was 150 peshmerga. >> just briefly, are the u.s.-led coalition air strikes still taking place on i.s. positions in kobane? >> reporter: yes, it is. just an hour ago, there was a massive explosion, but again, we are not close to the border today, because turkish security forces has sealed off all the roads leading to the kobane
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border. but from this position, we could hear explosions. the fight is continuing, and seems american and coalition jets are intensifying their activity in the sky of kobane, possibly offering some cover for kurdish peshmerga to enter the city. >> all right, thank you very much indeed. let's take you back to that developing story in burkina faso. protesters demonstrating outside the parliament building. reports that they have stormed that building and set fire to it. and also taken state television off airport. let's go to the capital and speak to laila adjovi. what is the latest there? hello, laeila, can you hear me?
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>> reporter:. [ inaudible ] >> i'm sorry, we've got real problems with your line, but we're going to try to get back to you in a moment. that is the story we're covering, the storming of the capital building. the president there seeking a further extension to his rule, which he's already been in power for 27 years. whilst we try and reconnect that line to our correspondent, let's catch up with all the business news. alice is here. >> thanks very much, tim. it's all eyes on the states today, because on wednesday, we saw the end of an era for the grand u.s. economic experiment known as quantitative easing, or qe, as america's central bank, the federal reserve, announced that it will stop its $4.5 trillion bond-buying program that it started back in 2008.
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the fed says it's confident the u.s. economic recovery is on track. and that it will not raise interest rates for a considerable time. we'll know more when the u.s. releases its first estimate of third quarter growth later with predictions of around 3% growth. another story we're keeping across for you on business today, samsung says it's operating profit for the three months to september fell by just over 60% from a year earlier. it's the lowest level in more than three years. net profit fell nearly 50%. the world's biggest smart phone maker warned earlier this month that its operating profit would fall by these levels as it continues to face slowing galaxy smart phones sales. the company prides itself on responding quickly to market demand, and has now voted to overhaul its hand set lineup, so can it keep hold of its global lead? okay, quick look to see how markets are getting on now if we can.
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and if we begin here in europe, there we go. and the ftse 100 here in london edging lower on thursday. under a lot of pressure, actually, from commodities stocks mostly. that was after the federal, of course, struck that surprisingly hawkish tone in terms of its outlook for u.s. interest rates. it's a negative story out of germany. frankfurt's dax down nearly 1.5. over in france, the cac also edging lower. that's all the business for this hour. back to you, tim. >> many thanks. stay with us here on "bbc world news." still to come. officials in sri lanka say there is no hope of finding any shrivers of a mudslide that's engulfed a tea plantation. ♪
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news." i'm tim willcox. our latest headlines. israeli authorities have closed access to the temple mosque following clashes in jerusalem. mahmoud abbas says it is opportunity tantamount to an act of war. and turkey is to allow iraqi kurdish peshmerga troops into syria to help defend the town of kobane. let's get some more analysis now of the developing events in jerusalem. you were based there for a significant period of time. the language, the actions are suggesting this is almost reaching boiling points at the moment. >> that's right. tensions have been high in jerusalem for a very long time, but certainly mahmoud abbas, the palestinian president, is warning that they could rise further with this move to close the site where palestinians go to pray. it is, of course, friday today.
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it's thursday. i'm sorry. >> tomorrow. >> but it will be closed tomorrow as well, when palestinians go to pray there. now, the israelis are saying they're doing this to keep things calm, that they have heightened security around jerusalem, particularly in the old city. but there have been clashes, riot police clashing with palestinians, riot police using rubber bullets, but very strong language being used by the palestinian president certainly. >> and the fact that he's saying this is tantamount to an act of war, is inflaming, it would seem, the situation on the ground. >> that's right. tensions have already been high since the gaza war. then we've had these daily clashes in jerusalem, and now further clashes since the events of yesterday, which we'll just run through quickly. apparently, the gunman who shot yehuda glick was an islamist militant. he was in prison, he's been in prison for more than a decade. he was released in 2012. he got away on a motorbike.
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then the police special unit found out over jerusalem. they cornered him in his home. the police say that shots were fired from this man's home. the police fired back, shooting the palestinian man, and then we've seen the spread of clashes. >> we remember the events of 13 years ago when ariel sharone went to visit the temple, which was seen as a provocative gesture. around that time, the second intifada happened as well. what is the situation for jews and people who want to go pray in temple mount? are they allowed to do that are or they only allowed to visit? >> they are not allowed to pray there, and this is precisely what the injured man had been promoting. he had been promoting access for jews to pray at this extraordinarily sensitive site. >> all right. okay. thank you very much indeed. search operations have reseemed in sri lanka after a landslide destroyed tea
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plantation homes in the center of the country. officials say there is no hope of finding any survivors. bad weather conditions are also hampering the rescue efforts. the bbc's laura westbrook has this report. >> reporter: morning, and hope of finding survivors here is fading. the suddenri lankan army brough teams, but it's feared it's too late. this is one of the poorest areas in sri lanka, known for its tea plantations, and the landslide engulfed nearly an entire village. the workers live in small shaqs like these, which simply crumpled under the weight of the mud. children were in school. that saved their lives, but many are now suddenly orphans. the sri lankan president was quick to reassure the public. he tweeted, on instructions of the president, military and
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army's heavy machinery have been deployed to speed up search and rescue operations. those heavy machines are trying to clear as much as ten meters of mud. but operations had to be suspended overnight due to more rain. sri lanka's disaster management center said they had issued warnings, but many people here simply had nowhere else to go. with more rain expected in the next few days, authorities say more mudslides could be on the way. laura westbrook, bbc news. the australian government is trying to confirm reports that the most senior australian member of the extremist group islamic state has been killed in syria. it's believed he was working for the militants on the turkey-syria border, helping volunteer fighters get across. a former bouncer and part-time actor, he is also accused of encouraging i.s. sympathizers in australia to kill people at
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random. the parliament has passed a bill banning australians from traveling to known terrorist locations. it also adds an offense of advocating terrorism. prime minister tony abbott said the new laws were needed to counter a growing threat. >> what we are seeing, every day, madam speaker, is new exhortations on the internet urging fanatics to murder everyone and anyone who acts or thinks differently from them. this is the challenge that we face. >> tony abbott. the vatican has unveiled a new l.e.d. lighting system for the sistine chapel. it's designed to bring out the beauty of michelangelo's frescos, but use just a fraction of the energy of the traditional bulbs. >> reporter: the sistine chapel is surely the most celebrated place in the entire vatican.
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but for the last 20, 30 years, the catholic church has had a problem. no one's been able to see michelangelo's frescos properly because the windows were shut, the existing lighting was bad. now it's upgraded and changed its lighting. just have a look at what a difference proper lighting can make. you're look at michelangelo's last judgment. it's illuminated now. that and the ceiling by more than 7,000 l.e.d.s. it means that visitors who come here now for the first time will get to pick up the details of michelangelo's paintings. not just there on the last judgment, but up on the ceiling where he tells the story of creation in nine panels. you can imagine that michelangelo himself will be pretty pleased by what he sees here, particularly because he painted god separating light from darkness. so michelangelo, perhaps more than anyone else, appreciated
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the value of good light. and this, this new lighting, which is spectacular to see, will no doubt encourage more tourists to come here, which will indeed create further problems for the church, because having thousands of people come here every day poses a risk to the safety of the frescos, which are now so well lit. this chapel is important, of course, because it's here where cardinals pick a new pope. back in 2005, after they picked the new pope, benedict xvi, smoke started backing up. remember they got the chimney. smoke started backing up into the chapel and one of the cardinals said it was a good thing there were no art historians here to see the damage caused to the paintings. well now, because of the new lighting everyone gets to see the paintings. and if ever smoke backs up in here again, at least the cardinals will have an extremely good view of any damage they're accidentally causing. >> from the sublime frescos of michelangelo to frogs. scientists have discovered a new
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species living in new york city. the team from rutgers university, new jersey, first noticed the creatures. one there hiding under the grass. the same length as a person's index finger. genetic testing has confirmed it to be a species new to science. there you go. stay with us. ♪
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our top stories. burkina faso's parliament is set on fire as protesters oppose constitutional change, seeking to extend the president's 27-year rule. israel closes access to the temple mount and mosque following clashes in jerusalem. the palestinian @says it's tantamount to an act of war. turkey gives the go-ahead for the first iraqi kurdish peshmerga fighters to cross into kobane. and officials in sri lanka say there is no hope of finding
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any survivors of a mudslide that's engulfed a tea plantation. let's just bring you a little bit more on that breaking news in burkina faso. protesters have stormed the parliament building and reports say it has been set on fire. state tv buildings as well have been ransacked and state tv apparently taken off air. the violence is seriously escala escalating. a city hall building on the headquarters of the ruling party in the capital are also believed to have been burnt down. some pictures just in, showing the moment that state television went off air. the building then ransacked. the protests relating to a vote on thursday on a proposal by the government to change the constitution to allow the president to stand for re-election next year. he was due to stand down due to
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a two-term limit. let's go to our correspondent who joins us on the line from the capital. protesters angry that he's already been in power for 27 years. >> reporter: he has indeed. it's been 27 years since he came into power. it was a coup that took him to power. and then he was re-elected several times. so he's not able for now to be a candidate in next year's presidential election. >> and what is the situation at
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the moment in ouagadougou? are clashes still taking place? >> reporter: all throughout the morning, we were in the streets very early this morning when protests started around 6:00 a.m., so clashes with the police started then. protesters were throwing stones. police, military were throwing tear gas. and then the protesters forced their way towards parliament to burn the building down. so all around me there's black smoke in the city and still protesters that talk about marching to the presidential palace to oust the president. >> burkina faso recently has been a relatively stable country, hasn't it? especially compared to its neighbors. is there a real risk do you think here that he could be thrown out of power? >> reporter: well, burkina faso
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was -- has been a very stable country, as you said, but there's been -- in the last couple of years, there's been repeated protesting. the people say the youth especially say that they have no prospects. it's about the people asking for economic prospect for jobs, for basic infrastructure in their country. that most of the protesters that i met this morning say that they've had enough. that 27 years is already too long. that they haven't seen the country being developed and that none of the promises were kept. so to that extent, yes, there is a risk that the president might have to step down or be ousted of this civil protests. >> all right. the very latest from ouagadougou
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there. the palestinian president mahmoud abbas has described the situation to close the mosque compound as tantamount to a declaration of war. israeli police have sealed off the site, known to jews as temple mount, following the shooting of a prominent right wing jewish activist on wednesday night. a palestinian man suspected of shooting rabbi glick was killed earlier today. the language is extraordinarily inflammatory. why are they making comments like this now? >> the situation was very tense after the situation yesterday. the following killing of the suspected shooter in east jerusalem. there was expected to be clashes
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in the old city of jerusalem following this, and this is why the israeli security decided to close it. but the closure of this mosque, or the temple mount, sacred to both jewish and palestinians, is a very contentious thing. it hasn't been closed since september of 2000 following the visit of the former prime minister, which conceivably triggered the second palestinian intifada which lasted until 2005. so it's seen as a very inflammatory step. >> okay, but the point is, the israelis would argue, that the man they shot dead in jerusalem today was the prime suspect in trying to assassinate an israeli r rabbi. >> yes. the man thought to be a 32-year-old man, he worked at the restaurant of the complex where the assassination took place. he came on a motorbike and he
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shot yehuda glick, and when he was killed at his home, police found a motorcycle and a gun, which they are examining to prove if it was him or not. but they think it was him. so yeah, this is what triggered all of this. >> there's a november deadline i think to try and resolve talks or bring about talks between palestinians and israelis. is there any optimism at all that any agreement can be reached? >> at the moment, there is no optimism about any, but this is the nature of the palestinian-israeli talks. they go on and on. and there is always a window of opportunity which never comes, but we never know. >> okay. thank you very much indeed for bbc arabic. rescuers in sri lanka have stepped up efforts to find victims of a landslide.
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hundreds of troops have been using heavy equipment to dig through tons of mud that buried the tin-roofed homes of workers at a tea plantation on wednesday. >> reporter: the relatives of those missing in the landslide are desperate to learn about their loved ones. but officials say there is no hope of finding survivors. the sri lankan army resumed its rescue efforts using heavy machinery, but the scale of the task is daunting. a large section of the mountainside collapsed, trapping an entire village. it is still not clear how many people are missing. >> translator: there was a loud noise like a helicopter, and a boy asked my daughter to come out and see what was happening. then mud came and buried them almost immediately. we managed to remove them, but i lost my only daughter. she had just left the house to
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go to school. >> reporter: workers from a nearby tea plantation lived here. the tin-roofed houses did not stand a chance. scores of children who left for school early morning returned only to see the homes vanished without a trace along with their parents. an entire community has been wiped out. hundreds of people from nearby villages have been asked to leave their homes due to fears of fresh landslides. for now, this seems to be a recovery mission. kurdish peshmerga forces from iraq have arrived near the syrian town of kobane, besieged by islamic state militants. the peshmerga fighters plan to reinforce syrian kurdish fighters who have been holding back islamic state with the help of american-led air strikes. our correspondent met the kurdish fighters on the border.
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>> reporter: it's almost 1:00 a.m. in the morning and finally the kurdish peshmerga fighters from iraqi kurdistan has arrived to the turkish border city. from here it's almost half an hour to kobane. these people, this team, they will cross the border very soon to kobane. for six weeks, the kurdish community here in turkey and those kurds who escaped the kobane region pleaded to the international community and the turkish government for help. there has been a sense of despair and helplessness here in this community. but tonight, this feeling has been replaced with joy and cheers. tonight, 150 peshmerga from iraqi kurdistan will go to kobane to help the defenders of the city. they are hoping they may change the situation in the city so the kurdish fighters in kobane will be able to push back the i.s. militants. a british ship carrying aid,
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supplies, and vehicles is set to arrive in sierra leone in the next few hours. it will be used to help the british military in the fight against the ebola virus. the rfa argus, a supply ship, is carrying three merlin helicopters and 32 pickup trucks which will be used to transport staff, medicine, and equipment around sierra leone. around 800 british military personnel are onboard who are being deployed to help set up ebola treatment centers and an ebola training academy. the ship is also carrying hospital beds, medical equipment, and protective clothing. although the ship has some hospital facilities, it will not be used to treat anyone actually with ebola itself. the world health organization says there has been a decline in the spread of ebola in the worst-hit country liberia. the bbc's anne soy is in accra where the united nations is coordinating aid efforts. she says despite the positive
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news from liberia, it was still too early to say whether the crisis was now under control. >> reporter: good news on the face of it, but when you scrutinize the data, you realize over the last two weeks, for instance, data is missing from five days. that is almost half of the number of days that are being reported on. and that is a source of worry. so the world health organization is saying that it needs more data to be sure that this is actually a trend, that the number of confirmed cases is actually reducing. >> when you look at the british ship arriving in the next few hours, how much international aid and equipment is now in these worst affected countries. >> all along, we have been reporting about how slow the response has been. but the people who have just been to both countries that are worst-hit by the outbreak say that it is beginning to have an
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impact on the ground now, but it has been slow. but the fact that now people are beginning to see things moving on the ground and the news that you've just been reporting on liberia, confirmed cases, showing that they are now going down, it means that something is happening on ground. but then, this team needs much more. the u.n. has asked for about a billion dollars to fight ebola in this region, but then it hasn't had even half of that, and some of it is coming from a commitment, and those countries have not honored their commitment. >> and where do people stand in terms of serums and vaccines now? >> reporter: well, a lot of work is going on at the research front. our scientists across the world rushing against time to try and come up with a solution for this. there is a lot of research going on in europe, in america, and
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even here in africa, but this is not going to be a quick fix. they are hoping that the use of serum is what is going to help in this situation. because now we've had more than a thousand people who have recovered from ebola, and that gives a large group of people who are believed to be immune and who can donate blood to be used by patients of ebola to fight the disease. >> anne soy speaking to me in accra. elizabeth four explained how guinea was coping with ebola since the first case was confirmed there in december of last year. >> indeed, the first case was declared in guinea, the epicenter of the ebola virus. we have seen the number of cases increase, decrease, increase again, and we're now in a third peak. i think when it comes to the numbers, to the statistics, we need to be pretty cautious. and not become complacent when
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the numbers fall. i think that's something that we've seen in guinea. >> so these are the ebbs and flows perhaps. >> yeah. >> you can't actually draw any conclusions from this at the home. but since you are the world food programs for guinea, is food getting through or has this virus prevented markets operating as normal? >> so, the world food program's approach is to support the medical response. so wfp, the world food program, is focused on meeting the basic food and nutrition needs of the people affected by ebola and their families. that means patients in the treatment centers. it means the families in the heavily affected areas. contact cases. so we're really there to help stop the spread of ebola. and since april, we've managed to reach over a million people in those three affected countries. >> elizabeth faure from the world food program. stay with us here on "bbc world news." still to come, we meet a mother
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i'm tim willcox. our latest headlines. protesters in burkina faso set fire to parliament. a proposed constitutional change would allow the president to extend his 27 years in power. at least one person has been killed. israeli authorities closed access to the temple mount and the mosque following clashes in jerusalem. palestinian president mahmoud abbas says it is tantamount to an act of war. a study by the uk government on drugs policy around the world has found no obvious link between tough laws and changes in abuse. the studies suggest there's been
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a considerable improvement in the health of drug users in portugal, for example, since 2001 when the country made possession a health issue rather than a criminal one. let's speak to professor david nutt, former head of the uk advisory council on the misuse of drugs. he joins us from copenhagen via skype. is that your conclusion as well, that these issues should be dealt with as medical rather than criminal matters? >> i think any sensible person came to that conclusion 50 years ago, but now we have the evidence in a sense of proof that a health-based approach is actually the right way. not only for the people who use drugs, but also society because it reduces costs, reduces crime. and it gives people their lives back rather than give them criminal records. >> would this also stop what many scientists consider gateway drugs? for example, extra strong cannabis and things like that which can lead -- or it's thought could lead to class a
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drugs, much more serious drugs? >> absolutely. that was why the dutch brought in 30 years ago coffee shops for cannab cannabis. they wanted people to have access without having to go to dealers. it worked. much lower updates of those hard drugs than we have in uk. when you put a drug underground and criminalize users, it creates a black market which means that more people get addicted. >> why is it so politically difficult for governments to sell this then? >> well, that's something you should ask the politicians. the truth is most politicians know that what i'm saying is correct. even david cameron ten years ago wrote a report saying the drug i laws aren't working and we need to change them. but it's become a political mantra that you can't be rational about drugs because you'll lose voters. i think it's wrong. i think a majority of voters
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know that the drug laws are actually wasting time and criminalizing people, and would look very favorably on a more sensible approach. the biggest problem, of course, is some of the right wing media who just see drugs as something they can just become hysterical about very readily. >> okay, professor david nutt, thank you very much indeed. thank you. in most countries, there is an age limit applied to women who want fertility treatment. it's usually around 45. however, in india, there are no such rules, and there, 60 and 70-year-old women are becoming mothers for the first time. in the latest of our series on 100 women, our reporter went to the northern indian state of haryana. >> reporter: like many children, 5-year-old naveen likes to play, dress in nice clothes and get her mom's attention. but at 75, she can't run around
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after her long-awaited daughter. she says, living without a child was life in darkness. only a child could bring light. she was shunned by her family for not being able to get pregnant. just didn't want to see her face because she was infertile, she says. her husband's brothers looked down on her and said hurtful things. she was 70 and her husband 73. they took their life savings of about $5,000 to a private fertility clinic. and naveen was born. the only time she admits that this is not what she wanted at her old age is when the camera is turned off. she says after all, it is a man's world. and women here have no choices. this is where the couple came.
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it's one of nearly 2,000 unregulated clinics in india who provide ivf to older women. >> if the woman is physically fit, then only we take that patient. >> reporter: doctors agree that some risks of ivf for older women are minimized if they use eggs donated by younger women. but there's increasing concern about the health of the mother and the right of the child to good parenting. now, india's national regulatory body is working on a law that will cover all aspects of assistive reproductive treatments, including for the first time an upper age limit. >> the health of the infertile couple is at risk. so many social issues comes with the development of the child. >> reporter: naveen, meanwhile,
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dreams of becoming a doctor. but her parents are already years older than the average life expectancy in india. and almost certainly, won't live to see their daughter achieve her goals. bbc news, haryana. the u.s. state of louisiana is slowly disappearing into the gulf of mexico. its fragile wetlands have been eroded by rising sea levels. the way of life for some communities which live on a remote network of islands in the south louisiana bayous is under threat. bbc pop-up spent time with two families there. >> out here was mostly land. originally, there was a little bayou that ran through here. it's not here anymore. if you look behind us here, these are the pipelines that they dug. that's a lot of when the erosion
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started coming a lot. >> this island right here, so much of it is gone because of coastal erosion. what you see now, you have about two miles length, and about a quarter mile in width compared to 11 miles in distance to five miles in width. so that's a big old change from what it used to be. >> there's a few of us that are hard headed and stay. >> it's our home. >> i've got two growing boys. they can go fishing when they want. and it's peaceful. >> the cool thing about living here is you ain't gotta have everybody up your butt. over here you can just be free!
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>> we say in french -- [ speaking french ] >> what does that mean? >> we eat a lot of chicken eggs. it's an old type of french that's not spoken anymore. as you travel the bayous of louisiana, my generation had a chance to practice it. but the younger generation that we're raising today, you know, don't speak french. in this yard right here, we had, like, 15 trees that were standing that's not there anymore. this is what it looked like. the coast has always been at the master of the gulf, but there's been things making it worse. >> ah, right past it! >> everybody that lives on this island, i would consider them survivors.
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fishing is pretty much all there is, and most everybody down here, you know, chooses that. get up at 5:00 every morning, go get on the boat to catch shrimp. it's a good life to live. >> our bbc pop-up team with some of the people in southern louisiana. you've been watching "bbc world news." for me and the team, bye-bye. growth is gratifying. goal is to grow. gotta get greater growth. i just talked to ups. they got expert advise, special discounts, new technologies. like smart pick ups. they'll only show up when you print a label and it's automatic. we save time and money. time? money? time and money. awesome. awesome! awesome! awesome! awesome! (all) awesome! i love logistics. (vo)solver of the teacher of the un-teachable. you lower handicaps... and raise hopes. and from national.
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