tv BBC World News BBC America November 13, 2014 6:00am-7:01am EST
this is bbc america, and now live from london, "bbc world news." hello, i'm rajesh with bbc world news. scientists receive their first picture of a space probe after it landed on a comet. they're now studying fresh data from the craft millions of miles away. fighting ebola. three potential treatments for sufferers in west africa, using experimental drugs to be speeded up. as syria's conflict rages on, the lebanese militant group hezbollah tells the bbc it has a common enemy with the west in the extremists of the islamic state group. >> translator: the whole world
admits today that the main opposition in syria is to the radical jihadist and terrorist opposition. that is why we see this international coalition against isis and al qaeda organizations. and football's world governing body clears qatar of corruption allegations around its bid for the 2022 world cup. hello there. thanks for joining us. let's start with news of the great space adventure by that little probe. scientists from the european space agency say the probe bounced back into space twice after landing on that comet, but they say they've received a new signal from it and it seems to be stable for now. it's the first time a robot probe has attempted such a tricky journey, on to a comet half a billion kilometers away
speeding through space. let's join rebecca morell at the european space agency's headquarters in germany there for us. >> reporter: yes, well, it's been a very tense morning here, but good news came in earlier this morning, that the signal had been established with the lander, and it looks like the lander is stable on the surface. but we have been hearing more details about a spectacularly hairy landing. it basically touched down, they didn't anchor it to the surface of the koemt, so it bounced back up again into space, so we think it traveled about a kilometer up over the process, over the time period of two hours, came down again, luckily, touched down, bounced again, went up, came down again for a third time. so we're getting a signal from its third position. what we're trying to establish now is whether the lander is on
its slide or whether it's on a slope. you can find out more about what's been happening from this report by andy moore. >> reporter: the first close-up view of a comet from a spacecraft sitting on its surface. you can see one of the legs of the lander, apparently resting on rocky, broken terrain. the probe eventually touched down, not quite as in this animation, but with a slow motion bounce. the ice crews at the end of the legs may have deployed, but the harpoons designed to secure it to the surface didn't fire. the probe is now sitting lightly and precariously on the rubble-strewn surface of the comet in very low gravity. scientists have radio contact with it, and they're pondering what their next step will be. >> the descent was tuned to a particular point on the comet. the bounce would have made it go up and the comet's rotating underneath. so we know if we're looking at an image that most likely the lander is somewhere on the
right, and we're trying to refine that in terms of well, if it was traveling at this paid and the comet is rotating like this, to really start focusing on the orbiter images to see where it is. >> reporter: the planned scientific exploration of the comet is now on hold for the time being while scientists decide whether they want to try firing the harpoons again. they may decide that would actually be counterproductive. though there's some nervousness, there's also much to celebrate. the probe is now stable on the surface of an alien landscape, more than 300 million miles from earth. it's a foothold, but a precarious one. andy moore, bbc news. >> reporter: so there has been lots of attention given to the data that's been streaming in, particularly these pictures which have come in, because we're really trying to establish one, where the lander is, and two, what kind of a position is it in? is it on its side, is it upside down? with me to answer some of those
questions is professor mark mccorcoran, senior space adviser for the european space agency. what's the latest? what do we though about where the lander is and what kind of state it's in? >> a critical thing is we know we're on the surface. we're stable. we're not moving. we're not upside down. we know full well that we have at least two of the feet touching the surface. and we also know that the bottom of the lander is looking at the ground. it's not upside down. so that's very good news because some of the instruments we now need to deploy need the lander to be the right way up. so that's actually fine. we're getting lots of great science data already. that's been streaming back. as you said, we've just been releasing some of the very first images from the surface. they're part of a larger panorama, which will look around the whole of it, and we're trying to determine what exactly our location is, whether we're in a hole, whether we're on our side. so these are things which we're working on very rapidly now to get a full assessment. >> one of the issues is the
lander's position actually on the comet, because we know it traveled potentially hundreds of meters during the sort of double bounce up and down. do we have any idea where it is? because its position is going to be really important. >> it is. we're looking for it. we have a pretty good idea where it touched down. we know it touched down to within a hundred meters of where it was supposed to. that was good. and when it bounced, effectively what happened is it flew up into the space again, but the comet rotated underneath it, so there was some movement sideways. but then the comet moved. so we don't actually know exactly where we are. we're going to measure that with radio data very accurately. we may actually been in one of the other landing sites that we didn't select earlier. so we might be inside b. if we get to go to side j and b as well. we're all trying to work out where it is. >> its position is very important because this lander doesn't have a very long battery
life and it needs sunlight, illumination to recharge its batteries. do you know yet if it's in a position where it can recharge, or is this going to be our one shot at actually studying this comet? >> it was always the case that the goals had to be met with the first battery. the secondary battery which we charge from the solar panels, they're secondary science in many ways. but we don't know fully yet. it looks like we're in a relatively dark location. we just don't fully know yet. we have to watch a full cycle of the comet rotating and get more data today to be able to specify that exactly. >> so if we are in a dark position, this might be our one chance of actually studying what's on the surface. so is the science running at the moment? >> we're getting lots of science data. in fact, spectacular data are coming back. i haven't seen the scientific results. but we know the quality of the data are really good. in that way, the people are fantastically happy about what they're getting back. we're out of contact at the moment because rosetta is over the horizon, and when we come
back into contact, we'll get a whole bunch more data. in that sense, we're doing really well. we're on the surface of the comet. we didn't crash. we are doing science. and it's been a great success from that perspective. >> reporter: professor mark mccorcoran, thank you very much. still some uncertainty about where the lander is on the surface of the comet, and whether it is in a position where it's going to receive enough sunlight to recharge its batteries. so the next few hours really will be crucial for the team here in finding out exactly what the status is at the moment and what it's going to be in the next few hours. still a bit of tension here from the team at the european space agency. >> rebecca morell there in germany for us. now, more than three and a half years on from the beginning of the war in syria, the mass exodus of people fleeing the country has become one of the largest forced migrations since world war ii. the conflict has left half of
syria's population displaced, and large parts of the country in ruin. almost three million people have fled across syria's borders to escape the bloody civil war. many to syria's immediate neighbors, turkey, lebanon, jordon, iraq. inside syria, some six and a half million people are displaced. that's according to figures from the united nations. now, in the latter part of this year, the conflict has been characterized by the rise of the extremist group calling itself islamic state in both syria and iraq. and now, syria's deputy foreign minister has told the bbc that turkey and saudi arabia created the group. we were also told that all countries fighting i.s. should coordinate their actions. >> we have said from the beginning that fighting terrorism is a duty, and every country should do it. but we have two remarks. the first remark is that those countries which have supported
these groups are absolutely not credible. so we don't have confidence in them. and they don't have confidence in themselves. >> which countries are you talking about? >> i'm speaking about turkey, i'm speaking about saudi arabia, i'm talking about many european countries. >> you're saying they created the jihadist groups? >> absolutely, absolutely. >> bombing them, is that something you agree with? >> yes, this is good. so i think these efforts should be coordinated rather than being based on certain alliances and coalitions. that will not lead to a result. >> that's syria's deputy foreign minister speaking there. the lebanese militant group hezbollah, they've acknowledged that the fight against islamic state extremists have given them a common enemy with western powers. in the first interview with international media since the conflict started, a senior hezbollah figure, who is also a
lebanese government minister, told the bbc hezbollah had recognized the danger of islamic state from the outset, whereas the west is only now waking up to it. he spoke to the bbc. >> translator: yes, we intervened in april 2013, when we felt there was a real threat to lebanon and the safety of the lebanese and the project of the resistance. and if we look at this intervention, the whole world admits today that the main opposition in syria is to the radical jihadist opposition, and that is why we see this international coalition against isis and al qaeda organizations and we've been pointing out that for a while now. therefore, responsibility for what happened in syria lies with those who refused the dialogue and wanted to enforce their wishes on the syrian people. >> reporter: but you've always said that you need your weapons for the fight against israel. that is what hezbollah was
founded for. and today those weapons are being used against fellow muslims. >> translator: the term is used wrongly here. what really poses a threat to muslims is the likes of these organizations. this reflects badly on muz lips because those groups kill more from muslims. we see that in the internal fighting between the opposition factors in syria. >> that's some of the geopolitics, but let's go back to thinking about the humanitarian catastrophe that's unfolded as a result of the syrian conflict. jordan is one of the neighboring nations that has seen a huge influx of syrian refugees. and my colleague is at a camp there in the north of the country. >> reporter: i'm very close to the syrian border, and it's a city that has been transformed by the syrian civil war, and the
influx of refugees because the population here has more than doubled. there are now more syrians living here than there are jordanians. we've been speaking to jordanian officials, also international aid organizations about the implications of all of this. the real struggle to deal with more than 600,000 officially registered syrian refugees who are now in jordan. at the moment, one of the big worries is actually the weather. as i found out when i went to al-azrak camp. bringing cement to lay on the floor of these refugees' cabins. it should make them waterproof and winter proof. the race is on here to prepare for the colder months ahead. it's a sunny november day here in the east of jordan. we're right out in the desert. but actually, at nighttime, it can get really cold here. the temperatures can go below freezing. and for syrian refugees who
arrived with just the shirts on their back, that's a growing concern. now some of the aid agencies are handing out winter clothes. you can see over here, there are boxes for women and children and boxes for men as well. the refugees are coming in here to collect their supplies. so here you've got some warm, fleecy clothes for her and for her four children. it's very good. thank god, she says. the refugees and aid workers here dealing with the onset of winter is priority number one. >> we have now started to distribute a number of items to refugee refugees, and that includes blankets, winter clothes, winter shoes because many of the refugees arriving to the camp do not actually have clothes or shoes. we are also going to distribute
gas heaters and cash assistance, whereby referees would be about to choose the items they are most in need of. >> reporter: although about 100,000 syrian refugees are in camps like that in jordan, that does leave most living in towns and cities. here we'll be finding out just what a real strain that's causing. unemployment has risen here. rents have been rising as well. there's a lot of pressure on schools, on hospitals, and people here have been complaining to us that even the streets are getting dirtier. the local authorities just haven't got enough rubbish collectors to keep it clean with so many people. >> okay, yolande there with a sobering assessment of the plight for refugees and their host communities. now stay with us here on "bbc world news." still plenty more to come, including this. fighting ebola. three potential treatments for sufferers in west africa. using experimental drugs to be
this is "bbc world news." i'm rajesh mirchandani. these are the latest headlines. scientists received the first picture of their space probe after it landed on a comet. they're now studying fresh data from the craft millions of kilometers away. the shiite militant group hezbollah has told the bbc it has a common enemy with western powers in the shape of sunni extremists of the islamic state group. let's get the latest business headlines. here's aaron. >> we're looking at the oil giant shell and claims that it knew an aging pipeline in nigeria was unsafe for years before those two major oil spills, which happened in 2008, and of course, they caused widespread environmental damage. shell has been sued in london by 15,000 farmers and fishermen
from the niger delta. they say poor maintenance was to blame and that they have internal company documents to prove it. shell says the leaks were caused by people trying to steal from the pipeline. cleanup costs could run into the hundreds of millions of dollars. also, we've been looking at europe's uneven recovery and what it means for some of the countries involved. one area that's been getting a boost is what's become known as the sharing economy. millions of people -- yes, sharing what? cars, even homes through apps like uber and air brvebnairbnb. but they're looking to share everyday items like a drill. just secured 7 million euro in foreign investment. we'll have more on "gmt" in just over an hours time. we want to know what you think. do you share? do you trust it? follow me, tweet me @bbcaaron.
back to you. >> short and sweet, just like i like it. msf says it is to begin three potential trials for ebola in west africa. medical staff will use two anti-viral drugs and blood plasma from survivors. earlier i asked our correspondent how important the announcement of these trials is. >> it's hugely significant. everything about this outbreak has been completely unprecedented. these treatments have never been tested on humans for ebola. but because of the sheer scale of this outbreak, they have been fast tracked. three trials will take place across three msf treatment centers. two will be in guinea. one will be somewhere else yet to be confirmed. there will be two anti-viral trials and these are drugs that work to try and suppress the virus. one of them will be in tablet form. and then there will be another that is, as you say, blood
plasma. and that has basically worked. the theory is that you take blood -- a recovered patient donates blood. within that blood, there's the antibodies that have fought off the virus in that particular person and you donate that blood to someone who's suffering with ebola and the hope is that the antibodies, the same antibodies will fight the virus in them. but this is really unprecedented, and it really shows the sheer sort of desperation there is. but also, you know, the international community -- you know, drug companies, governments, the licensing people involved have all come together to do this as quickly as possible. >> and that gives us another example of how unprecedented this has been. you're just back from west africa a short while ago after two quick trips in succession. amazing work you're doing on the ground there to inform people about what's going on. the experiences you had there, the kind of fear that people have in the communities there of
ebola, bearing that in mind, how much of a challenge do you think it's going to be to get people involved in these new trials, especially this trial of, you know, using blood from patients who have recovered? >> i mean, it's going to be a huge challenge and it's one that the researchers involved in this from msf themselves have highlighted and one of the key things they're doing right now on the ground -- i spoke to someone in guinea who's doing this right now. they're doing this survey, talking to people, and what they're going to do is really get onboard survivors groups. i've spoken to some of the survivors who go into communities, to tell people about the virus, to tell people that you can survive it if you get early treatments. those are the people that are going to be most likely to understand and will want to donate. obviously they're the most relevant people, the only relevant people to donate. so it's using those sorts of groups potentially to get into the communities.
now, to india, because police there have arrested the doctor who is accused of botching operations during the government-run mass sterilization campaign. 15 women have died of complications. many others were admitted to hospital in the central indian state, suffering from vomiting and a drastic fall in blood pressure. the doctor has denied any wrong doing. >> translator: i'm not guilty. i've performed several operations before this and there has never been a complication. it's only because of the medicines that were given to the patients. only then did the symptoms develop. i have a history of completing up to 200, 300 surgeries in one day. there are no written guidelines. but what we have been told is that we shouldn't perform more than 30 operations in a day. now, football's world governing body fifa has published a report clearing qatar of corruption allegations around its bid for the 2022 world cup.
russia has also been cleared. it follows an inquiry. a short while ago, i spoke to our sports editor dan rohan as the news was break. >> qatar gets to keep the world cup. that's the big news emerging this morning. ever since fifa shocked the world really by awarding the arab kingdom the right to stage the show piece event. there's been so much controversy around when exactly they will stage the event given the searing summer temperatures. it's been switched, or it will be to winter in the coming months. how they treat migrant workers, building the infrastructure for the event, and how exactly they won that vote in the first place, and amid allegations of corruption, fifa were forced to establish an investigation, a probe run by a u.s. lawyer, michael garcia. he spent two years looking into the bidding process for both 2022 and indeed '18. russia the host, as you say. and today, judge eckert issued a
summary of the findings. and in that, we learned that garcia did not find evidence sufficient to justify any kind of revote. there have been some assumptions that such were the allegations surrounding that vote, albeit denied by qatar, that today we would discover there would be a revote. well, that hasn't happened. >> didn't find that it was a completely clean process either. one of the lines coming out here said that the judge noted wrong doing among the 11 bidding nations. basically saying everyone was doing something wrong, but weren't corrupt enough. >> correct. and the key phrase, in relation to qatar anyway, he says the circumstances identified by garcia were not suited, however, to compromise the integrity of the fifa world cup bidding process as a whole. so in other words, there were certain occurrences in his words that were suited to impair the integrity of these bids. but the effects of these occurrences on the bidding process as whole would far from
reach any threshold that would require returning from the bidding process let alone reopening it. so yes, there was wrong doing. doesn't name exactly who was up to that wrong doing, but it wasn't sufficient for them to have a complete revote, which would obviously be hugely controversial and sensational. >> get on touch with me on twitter. you're watching "bbc world news." where you headed at such an appropriate speed? across the country to enhance the nation's most reliable 4g lte network. how's it working for ya? better than ever. how'd you do it? added cell sites. increased capacity. and your point is... so you can download music, games, and directions for the road when you need them. who's this guy? oh that's charlie. you ever put pepper spray on your burrito? i like it spicy but not like uggggh spicy. he always like this? you have no idea. at&t. the nation's most reliable 4g lte network.
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hello, i'm rajesh mirchandani with "bbc world news." our top stories this hour. an historic image, scientists receive the first picture of their space probe after it landed on a comet. they're now studying fresh data from the craft millions of kilometers away. we'll be talking to this elated specialist. >> i'm so happy. it's just wonderful. it's just unbelievable. we've waited so long, and now it's happening! >> also today, a serious conflict rages on. the lebanese militant group hezbollah tells the bbc it has a
common enemy with the west in the extremist of islamic state. >> translator: the whole world admits today that the main opposition in syria is to the radical jihadist and terrorist opposition, and that is why we see this international coalition against isis and al qaeda organizations. and fighting ebola. three potential treatments using experimental drugs are to be trialed in west africa. hello there. thanks for joining us. the robert lander philae has sent back to earth the first image taken on the surface of a comet that's more than 500 million kilometers away. the probe took this picture of the rocky landscape. it included one of its own three
little feet. you can see it right there. scientists reestablished contact after it landed on the comet, bounced twice, and then resettled. they think it's stable again. our science correspondent rebecca morell reports from the headquarters of the european space agency in germany. >> reporter: some very good news. we have heard that the signal has been reestablished and the lander looks fairly secure on the surface of the comet. that is good news. but we have been hearing more details this morning of a spectacularly hairy landing in the moments afterwards. we know exactly where it touched down the first time. it landed and went down about four centimeters. so probably a fairly soft surface, but then it bounced back up again because the harpoons failed to fire and we need those to tether the lander to the surface. it then traveled upwards about a
kilometer, straight up into space again. and then two hours later, came down, luckily, hit the surface for a second time, and then bounced again. but this time, only a shorter bounce. it was up in the air for about ten minutes and now it's landed in a third position. and the scientists say they've got steady signal coming back. lots of data streaming through. some of the science experiment seems to be at work, data being collected as we speak. lots of very relieved scientists here this morning, including professor monica grady. how are you feeling? first of all the jubilation, and then this horrible moment when we found out all wasn't right. >> well, i mean, it's been amazing. you wait for one comet landing and three come along at once. it's just been incredible. real jubilation, and then real oh gosh, not quite right, what's happening? then fairly quickly, we got to
know that the radio signal had been reestablished, which meant that yeah, things are happening. and from the team that i work with, we also knew that we were getting data. so we knew things weren't, you know, as completely awful as people had feared. this morning, things are seeming much better now that they've interpreted the radio signal and managed to find out about these different bounces and the kilometer high and back again. what we need to know now, though, actually, is where on the comet philae is. because as it went up for two hours, the comet was turning and it's come down and the comet's turned a bit more. when the landing site was planned so carefully, it was because it needed enough -- philae needed enough south korean sunlight to keep its batteries charged up. it only has sufficient battery power onboard for a few hours. a day or so.
we need to know what the illumination is so we can find out if the solar panels will charge up or not. that is the next crucial thing we need to know. >> do we understand how securely tethered the lander is to the surface? because the harpoons didn't fire, the thruster doesn't seem to be working. could they refire the harpoons? is there any question of that, do you think? >> i don't think there's any question of refiring the harpoons. because if you do that at this stage, you're more likely to just push philae back off rather than pull it in. and some of the ice screws were, you know, one action. you can't refire them. so i think as long as philae seems to be stable, as it seems to be, you know, not moving around, not drifting, then they may well decide just to leave things as they are. but that's another of these decisions that the engineers who know all the different parameters are going to be taking in the next couple of hours. >> and there's also a drill
onboard the lander, which is supposed to drill down into the surface to tell us what lies beneath. there's maybe a question mark over that being used, too. why would that be? >> another thing is, again, we don't know exactly what angle that philae has landed at and we don't know, you know, if it's beginning to be drilling into something. the fact that after -- before the first bounds, what happened was philae seemed to have sunk into something quite soft. and then when it landed again, seemed to have sunk in something quite soft. it looks as if the surface might be quite powdery, so the drill might have to go down quite a bit to actually get into something a bit more solid in terms of the ice. but again, this is something we don't really know and won't be able to tell until we know where philae is. >> and i guess establishing that position is going to be really important because this comet is a really weird shape to start with. it looks like a sort of rubber duck in space. and it's covered in cliffs, boulders.
how treacherous is this terrain? there aren't many good places to land, are there? >> no. when it was very carefully mapping selected 10 as possibilities, did lots of work looking at them, and then down selected to only two, which had enough light, that weren't too rocky, that weren't too slopy, all these different things. so it's one of these things that you spend all this time doing all this work, only to find that your thrusters didn't work and it's bounced and it's landed somewhere completely different, which you wouldn't have selected in a million years given a choice. but that's what we have to work with. and it seems as if, you know, the work's going on. lots more cheerful faces this morning. >> reporter: professor grady, thank you very much. professor grady from the open university there. one of her team's instruments is onboard the lander, and the data is streaming back up from that, so the team back at the open university is very relieved at the moment. but still lots to find out. we'll hopefully be receiving
some images back in the next few hours from the lander to establish exactly where it's landed on the comet. the rosetta spacecraft will also be taking pictures of the comet down below to see if it can pinpoint its position. so still lots of work to be done, but the initial news is looking good. >> rebecca morell reporting from germany on that exciting story there. let's bring do you latest now on the tragedy in syria. more than three and a half years on from the beginning of the war, the mass exodus of people fleeing the country, that's become one of the largest forced migrations since world war ii. the conflict has left half of syria's population displaced, and large parts of the country lying in ruin. almost three million people have fled across syria's borders to escape the bloody civil war. many to its immediate neighbors. turkey, lebanon, jordan, iraq there. meanwhile, inside syria, some 6.5 million people are displaced, that's according to figures from the united nations. now, much of syria's border with
iraq is controlled by i.s. militants. but the line of separation between syria and israel in the south, that remains intact in the area known as the golden heights. from there, our correspondent kevin connolly sent this report. >> reporter: as syria's civil war has intensified, reporting from within its borders has become more and more difficult and dangerous. but you can tell a lot about the fighting from the areas around those borders. after all, that's where refugees are forced out, islamist fighters are drawn in, and instability threatens to spread through the middle east from syria like a virus. every one of those borders is different. this is the golan heights, which israel captured from syria in 1967 and has occupied ever since. israeli setters now live here as well as the original inhabitants. the landscape is littered with relics of the fighting in 1967,
and in 1973 when syria tried and failed to win back the land it lost. there are abandoned mosques, military bases, even the desserted buildings which were once the training academy for the syrian army officer cadet corps. a u.n. force wihas monitored a cease-fire group since the 1970s. a contingent of troops was captured by syrian rebels and reportedly released with a ransom. the check point is in the hands these days not of the syrian army, but of an islamist rebel group. israel has been fortifying its fences and responding with force. whenever shells or missiles hit the land under its control. the truth is, that a new age of uncertainty is coming in the middle east and it's coming before all political issues left by the wars of 1967 and 1973
have been resolved. on the other side of that fence, the battlefield is dominated by a chaotic kaleidoscope of forces. it's very hard to see how syria can possibly emerge again as a single unitary state. the lesson of previous conflicts in the middle east is finding a final political deal might take not years, but decades. kevin connolly, bbc news, on the golan heights. >> right. so that's the view from the golan heights, the southern border of syria. to the west lies lebanon, home to the militant group hezbollah. it has close ties to iran and the government of president assad in damascus and it's considered a terrorist organization by several western countries. but a spokesman for the group has told the bbc that the fight against islamic state now means that hezbollah shares a common enemy with those nations that have shunned it.
hezbollah spokesman, also a lebanese government minister, has been talking to my colleague. it's hezbollah's first interview with the international media since the syrian conflict began. >> reporter: a lot has changed in the last six months. most strikingly that you now have a common enemy with the west, which is daesh, the islamic state extremists. i wonder which you think is the bigger enemy today, the islamic state or the enemy that hezbollah was founded to fight, which was israel? >> translator: we don't really differentiate between the two really, because the whole problem revolves around ending the resistance, when israel backed by the u.s. failed to end the resistance, the focus in syria was to stop it supporting the resistance. therefore this whole battle aims to protect israel. the role of the jihadist is to
benefit from the political development in the region and to work on the project, which is a threat to the region and to all those who oppose their views. syria is a key component in the balance of the regional conflict, and was threatened by those groups due to western policies. and those groups threaten lebanon and the resistance movement in it. it means that this continues to be a battle against israel, but the rules and locations of the engagement have changed. >> but you've always said that you need your weapons for the fight against israel. that is what hezbollah was founded for. and today those weapons are being used against fellow muslims. >> translator: the term is used wrongly here. what really poses a threat to muslims is the lax of these organizations. those groups kill more from muslims than israel does. they kill sunni muslims as well. we see that in mosul and homms
and the internal fighting between the opposition in syria. i think the damage that fell upon people at the hands of those fighters is much more than the results of the fighting between the regime and the opposition. so to say we are in a fight against other muslims is a misrepresentation of reality. the muslims are implied because of fighters for political motives and those groups have run out of control and started to cause a threat to the security of syria and the security of the whole region. and even to the security of several western states. which is proved by the fact that the west is recalculating its position and interfering directly and standing up to this phenomenon. the weapon of hezbollah is not directed at other muslims. it is there to defend our villages and towns and even the syrian people and protecting lebanon from these radical terrorist groups. >> and do you therefore see those western states as your allies then, rather than your
enemies, given the fact that you have a common fight at the moment? >> translator: sometimes, common interests do cross. but not necessarily for the same goals. these jihadi groups would not have thrived and expanded if it wasn't for some policies by western states, like the u.s., britain, and france. and also the involvement of some regional states. so these states are responsible for the emergence of those groups and their expanse. when sigh sis came out from the control of those region states and started working on their own project and according to its culture and way of thinking, then they felt its danger. from the beginning, we had recognized the danger of those groups. now those states aren't coming here to save syria. they are here to save themselves and to protect themselves and the security of their allies. and their approach to dealing with those groups isn't within a
comprehensive project, but deals selectively, according to what serves their own interests. for us, if there's a convergence at the moment, it is the result of those states changing their positions and not because of common political goals. >> reporter: but we are at a perilous moment, aren't we, where the rise of this jihadist ideology is threatening not just you, but the west as well. is it time to put those old grudges to one side, to really find some kind of framework for a common purpose? what could hezbollah offer as part of that? >> translator: with the west, it's a different matter. because we don't trust western policies. honestly. due to a history of suffering from the colonial times to the presently existent position. even in the case of the jihadist groups, if it wasn't for the
western policies, they would not have grown as such. and we don't find in our judgment or assessment western policies that have as a principle the goal of dealing with those phenomenon and what resembles them in the region. we find selective western policies based on interest, so we might find ourselves together in the battlefield without there being a common effort in koord nasmgs we did not wait for the west to defend ourselves and our country and we did not wait for the west to counter those terrorists and jihadist groups. so if the west has finally awoken, albeit late to the danger caused by those groups, the west has to consider in one way or the other for its own political gains and it must prove that its gamble on using those groups to cause sectarian strife in the region to besiege the resistance is done for and cannot be resorted to again. from our side, we do our part and we fulfill our duty, which is dictated by our national,
moral, and human responsibility. if there is someone who benefits from us playing that role, then be it. we don't work for the benefit of anyone, but the benefit of our nation. in politics, we don't have a decision, not to have dialogue with others. of course, it's something else with the israeli enemy, and the american administration is also another course. but other than that, hezbollah is open to any dialogue. but on the basis that there would be principles and pillars to that, and if this dialogue is originating from our principle standings, and if we found the possibility for common interests, hezbollah would not mind discussing those matters. >> that's hezbollah's mohamed fneish. conta
you can e-mail your questions to have your say. that's our syria twitter q&a with jeremy bowen, our middle east editor, at 2:30 "gmt." stay with us here on "bbc world news." still plenty more to come, including this. fifa clears russia and qatar of corruption allegations linked to their world cup bids. [car revving] [car revving] ♪ ♪ [car revving] introducing the first ever 306 horsepower lexus rc coupe. once driven, there's no going back.
this is "bbc world news." i'm rajesh mirchandani. these are the latest headlines. scientists have received their first picture of their space probe after it landed on a comet. they're now studying fresh data from the craft millions of kilometers away. the shiite militant group hezbollah has told the bbc it shares a common enemy with western powers in the extremist of the islamic state group. now, the humanitarian organization msf is to begin clinical trials of three
potential treatments for ebola in west africa. medical staff will use two anti-viral drugs and blood plasma from ebola survivors. earlier, i asked msf's medical director what difference the trials would make in the worst affected countries. >> it's a very unprecedented outbreak. for doctors, it's very difficult for us to not have any treatments. since two months, we have decided to launch this initiative with different partners to see and to give hope to our patient. and it's not a very easy task. as you can imagine. but it's a very unprecedented partnership with different organization, with oxford university as well as france and itm. a review board and all the different partners.
decided to select different drugs, as mainly for the drugs. we would like to test those drugs in the different center that we have. it would be a huge moment. it's unprecedented international partnership. but we want to give hope to hope patient that's in front of us. it's not acceptable in 21st century people are still dying from an acute disease such as ebola. >> you were just talking about testing plasma. so this is using the blood of patients who have recovered from ebola as a potential treatment for those who have it. >> yes, exactly. this will be done in guinea. normally it will start in mid december, but still question about the timing because it's much more complex to put in place. rather if you compare.
it will be probably another effort for our organization with different part they are, with different nationalities to go for this option as well. >> and this is a reminder, i guess, of really just how desperate the world is to contain this outbreak, that you're taking the unprecedented step of having clinical trials with unproven drugs. >> yes, exactly. it will be the first time for our organization. phase one and phase two development of drugs, something that have not been used in the past. as i'm saying before, this unprecedented outbreak needs unprecedented effort. that's why we have decided to launch this treatment center. people are asking this from us. that's why we have decided to go for this option as well.
in the last couple hours, a long-awaited report has been made available by fifa, and it's ruled that the tournaments in russia and qatar should go ahead as planned. the bidding process had come under scrutiny after claims of corruption. but an investigation by fifa's ethics committee has concluded that the various incidents which might have occurred are not suited to compromise the integrity of the fifa world cup 2018/2022 bidding process as a whole. that means that while there were some issues, fifa considers it has no grounds for reopening the bidding process. and that in turn means russia and qatar can proceed with their preparations with the world cups in 2018 and 2022 respectively as planned. but fifa's ethics investigator is planning to open formal investigations against some unnamed individuals. the report also criticizes countries which were not successful with their bids. notably, australia and england,
which are accused of violating the bidding rules. the english football association has rejected the accusation. the british member of parliament damian collins, who sits on the house of commons culture, media, and sport committee believes fifa's investigation has gone nowhere near enough. >> well, i think we should be clear about this. if they're guilty of wrong doing, they need to address that. but this is a massive smoke screen to distractors from the major failings of this report. the reason this report was commissioned was because of allegations of bribery and corruption, where millions of dollars were allegedly transferred into the bank accounts of leading fifa officials and we really needed to get to the bottom of that. fifa can't because they don't have legal powers to subpoena information from bank accounts, e-mails, letters. in the case of the russian bid, the russians have said well, all the e-mails, all the computers that we used are destroyed. in the case of the qatar bid, they haven't been able to follow this money. they've highlighted the role of two key consultants that they
are very concerned about. but said oh, we can't investigate them because they don't hold official rules within football. i want to finish this hour by showing you the pictures from that comet taking by the philae probe. this is the first picture sent back. scientists were elated because it showed the comet was sending a signal and seemed to be stable. there it is on the rock. you pay your auto insurance premium every month on the dot. you're like the poster child for paying on time. and then one day you tap the bumper of a station wagon. no big deal... until your insurance company jacks up your rates. you freak out. what good is having insurance if you get punished for using it? hey insurance companies, news flash. nobody's perfect. for drivers with accident forgiveness, liberty mutual won't raise your rates due to your first accident. see car insurance in a whole new light. liberty mutual insurance.
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hello, you're watching "gmt" on "bbc world news," with me, david eades. our top stories, is it saturation point for syria's neighbors. tens of thousands of civilians still queueing to get out, but aid agencies say their passage to safety is getting tougher. and i'm lyse doucet in damascus where syria's deputy foreign minister blames arab's gulf states for the rise of arab state. we'll also be hearing from one of the moderate syria opposition leaders. the first photos we've ever