tv BBC World News BBC America February 26, 2015 9:00am-10:01am EST
welcome. you're watching bbc world news. we start this hour with some breaking news now on islamic state. bbc news has found that the man name as geejihadi john has been identified. authorities have known his name for some time but for operational reasons, have chosen not to disclose it. enwazi was pictured in the videos of beheadings of numerous
western hostages. he's believed to be an associate of a former control order suspect. he traveleded to somalia in 2006 and is allegedly linked to an al shabaab association. he first appeared on a video put out by islamic state in august of last year when he apparently beheaded american journalist james foley, and has appeared in numerous other gruesome videos since. well joining me here in the studio now is our special correspondent, lucy manning, for more on this. just describe how important an announcement this is. who is jihadi john? >> jihadi john has become the figurehead of all of these barbaric video that the so-called islamic state have been putting out, showing numerous beheading of hostages. and his name has been known for some time by british and american police and authorities, but for operational reasons, hasn't been disclosed.
but the bbc understands that he is mohammad emwazi. the metropolitan police have said they're not going to confirm the identity of anyone at this stage or given an update of a live count terrorism investigation. they have asked the media not to speculate about the details of the investigation, but both here in the uk and in america, it was clear that people were beginning to be more aware of his name. the police we believe, are -- have been involved in trying to find out more details about him and he -- bbc news understands, was on the radar of the police and security service before he traveled to syria. not necessarily in a high level, but certainly, he had connections, we believe, with
some of those who were put on control orders which are those suspected of terrorism, who haven't been taken through trial, but movements must be restricted and linked to a group that were involved in some sort of network connected to al shabaab in somalia. >> so lucy we know that his name is on the radar of both u.s. and uk authorities. are we any closer to knowing how close either of those parties are to actually finding jihadi john? >> no we're not. everyone still believes that he's in syria. there were some newspaper reports recently that he may have been injured. i certainly don't know that information. i'm sure the police and the security service have a better understanding of that but certainly, the e-mails that we just got from the metropolitan police says that they're not prepared to give an ongoing commentary on what is a live investigation. but what we do believe is that this man, jihadi john is
mohammad emwazi from west london in his late 20s. >> all right, lucy many thanks. now, let's move on because the iraqi capital of baghdad continues to receive a growing number of people who have been displaced by the ongoing conflict against islamic state. throughout iraq more than 2 million people are estimated to have been displaced since january 2014. most of them are from the western province of anbar. well anbar province has been gripped by conflict between i.s. militants and the iraqi army with their kurdish allies. earlier this month, despite u.s.-led air strikes, i.s. militants managed to take the strategic town of al baghdadi. the town continues to be fought over and heavy clashes have also gripped the cities of ramadi and fallujah. the united nations says some 300,000 people have fled the violence in the region and have now internally displaced. our correspondent had been in the district in western baghdad and has been speaking to some of
the families affected. [ crying ] >> reporter: united in grief, these women have not only lost their homes, but also their loved ones. the impact of violence quickly spreads here in iraq. these families have escaped so-called islamic state in the west of the country and have now set up hope in this house in baghdad. she is too frightened to give her real name but she wants to speak out. the killing of her husband at the hands of isis extremists still fresh in her mind. >> militants killed my husband because he used to work for the army. they ordered me to leave my house and my five children. these criminals are killing anyone who opposes them. they called my husband an
apostate, despite the fact he was a practicing muslim. >> reporter: without much government help people here rely on generosity. this member of an influential shia tribe says he's looking after 500 people. but his charity can only go so far. >> we don't have drinking water, electricity, or a proper sewage system. the government's not replied yet to our requests, despite the fact we've paid necessary administration fees. >> reporter: the iraqi government says it has very limited resources to cope with hundreds of thousands of refugees who have fled their homes from control by the so-called islamic state. most of the refugees here refuse to return to their homes, and they are pinning high hopes on much-needed assistance from the international community. >> across iraq international aid agencies are struggling to deal with over 2 million who have fled their homes.
helping people in those besieged conflict zones is a difficult challenge. >> it's all about getting access. whether it's through road if that's safe, whether it's through an air lift. that's the key priority. getting access to the people who need help. >> reporter: there is very little expectation here. she may have only just arrived, but already she feels she's here to stay. >> i lost all hope of returning home after i saw the powerful weapon and huge squadrons of isis fighters. i assume they stay there for years. they have eyes and hands everywhere. >> reporter: life may be difficult here but the people are at least thankful that they have escaped islamic state rule. now, the ukrainian army says it suffered no casualties in 24 hours, for the first time in weeks, raising hopes that
fragile cease-fire is starting to hold. but despite the lull in fighting the eastern ukrainian city of mariupol is poised to defend itself from an attack by pro-russian separatists. the ukrainian army suffered a heavy defeat in the town of debaltseve, and as the bbc's rupert wingfield-hayes report many think the city of mariupol could be a target. >> reporter: on the hills outside mariupol they are digging fresh trenches preparing for a new onslaught from the east. the men digging them are not professional soldiers. until a year ago, they were farmers and factory workers, and it's very unclear how much they really want to fight. if there is going to be an attack on mariupol by the rebels, this is where it is going to come from. we've been told there is fighting going on about 2 kilometers down the hill from here in a village, but even these freshly dug positions here outside mariupol came under shell fire this morning. >> reporter: most of the equipment here is ancient.
kalashnikov rifles and a few old soviet-era armored cars. not enough says their commander, to stop the rebels if they come. >> translator: we need better communication and surveillance drones. we need more than antiquated weapons and tanks, we need sniper rifles and we need vehicles. >> reporter: after just a few minutes here we're told we must leave. it's no longer safe. as we're driving away two more shells explode, a few hundred meters behind us. further down the road we're stopped at a checkpoint. like everyone here the soldiers speak fluent russian, but any warm feelings they once had for their cousins across the border is now long gone. i don't feel like that anymore, he said.
the russians are a bunch of mercenaries and cutthroats. they came to ukraine, we didn't go to them. and as we wait to clear the checkpoint, something very strange happened. while we've been waiting at this checkpoint, we saw one group of what looked like ukrainian militiamen come up. they were held at gunpoint and disarmed. for a while, it was very, very tense. and it gives you an idea of how chaotic, how much confusion there is here between different units of the ukrainian military. eventually, the standoff ends and someone leaves in a great hurry. such confusion and suspicion does not bode well for the ability of the forces here to defense this city against rebel attack. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news in mariupol, eastern ukraine. a reminder of our breaking news this hour. the islamic state group executioner, a man known as jihadi john has been identified. the bbc understands that his
real name is mohammed emwazi. he's a british man thought to be from west london. more on this story, of course on the bbc's website, and we will bring you more on this story as we continue to get it here at bbc world news. now let's return to ukraine. and in the face of the worsening crisis in the east of the country, a new report has accused nato countries of failing to live up to a pledge to increase their military budgets. nato had already set a target that member states should each spend a minimum of 2% of their national wealth or gdp on defense. but the think tank group, the european leadership network, shows that in 2014 the uk and the u.s. were the only two countries to beat that target. and so this year it found that six countries, including canada and big defense spenders such as
germany and the uk will cut their spending. france is on course to freeze its defense spending. in contrast russia's increasing its defense spending this year to 4.2% and stepping up its military activity. the united states has already expressed concern about the scale of defense cuts among its european allies. well joining me here in the studio is our world affairs correspondent, nick chiles. nick, is this a report that we should all be getting worried about? just talk us through some of the details. >> well this is in the context of, of course the fallout from the ukrainian crisis and the new, much more confrontational relationship between russia and the west nato in particular. and the nato summit last september, nato countries, to try to send a number of messages, a firm message to moscow, but also a message of reassurance to some of those nato allies that are feeling vulnerable in the light of all of this that in spite of the fact that spending has fallen below the minimum level that's required for some time that
there would be an effort over the long-term to get back to that level. but it is the long-term. what this report is saying essentially, is that looking at 14 of the countries, including some important ones like the united kingdom, as you say, and germany, just at the moment it's not looking too good. one of the few countries that does have does meet the 2% target at the moment uk at the moment, isn't pledged to keep it and may see spending falling. some countries are increasing spending, but not up to the 2% level. those, of course, include, not surprisingly, the vulnerable feeling ones like the baltic states in particular latvia lithuania, and the only one the report says at the moment is at the 2% level is estonia. the problem is estonia is a very small player in this fight, in this context, and certainly in terms of defense spending. so the concern will be what the messages are from the big
players. this isn't something that's going to change overnight, but it's what's the long-term intended, which i think is the concern. >> as you say, among those big players. france freezing its defense spending. and meanwhile, russia increasing its spending to 4.2%. i mentioned earlier that america has already expressed concern about the amount that its european partners are spending on defense. is anything going to change do you think, in light of this report? and also in light of the current economic situation of many of the eurozone economies? >> well quite. there are huge pressures on all the countries, really. nobody is expecting that this -- nobody is really spoiling for a fight between russia and nato particularly in military terms, and the messaging is that there is no military solution to any of this. but it is a question of political messaging. and in that sense, there are different pressures on the different countries. nato as well as making its spending pledge has said that
it's going to do a lot of other things, like set up new centers in some of the more vulnerable nato member states and create a new high readiness rapid reaction force. as far as how moscow reacts to any of this and what messages it takes from any of this lots will depend on whether those plans will go ahead in spite of where we are now with the defense spending pledges. but in light of as you say, austerity, budget deficits and a lot of other pressures on spending that domestic populations see as priorities the question is will there really be the political will and is the crisis that we've seen with ukraine and with moscow enough that in the longer term, there will be a change of direction and spending will increase? because that will have an impact on nato's solidarity and particularly how the united states views is its european allies. >> nick many thanks. nick charter, our world affairs correspondent. nlgs do stay with us here on bbc
world news. still to come, more on our breaking news this hour. the islamic state group executioner, a man known as jihadi john has been identified. the bbc understands that his real name is mohammed emwazi. despicable wizarding second of your vacation count by staying where the adventure never ends. ♪ come with me now ♪ two theme parks. spectacular resort hotels. more epic than ever. don't just vacation... ♪ whoa, go with me now ♪ ... vacation like you mean it. universal orlando resort. go big with epic vacation packages starting at just $139 per night including park admission.
this is bbc news with me alice baxter. the latest headlines. the man known as gee hadi john who has carried out a series of high-profile islamic state beheadings has been named as mohammed emwazi, from london. well staying with that breaking news this hour emwazi also known as jihadi john was pictured in the videos of the beheadings of numerous western hostages including the britain's alan henning and david haynes. well, he's believed to be an associate of a former control order suspect. he traveled to somalia in 2006
and is allegedly linked to an al shabaab network. he first appeared on a video put out by islamic state in august last year when he apparently beheaded the american journalist, james foley, and has appeared in numerous other gruesome videos since. well, our special correspondent lucy manning told me what she found out about the man with a london accent known as jihadi john. >> jihadi john has become the figurehead of all of these barbaric videos that islamic state has been putting out, showing the beheadings of numerous western hostages. and his name has been known for some time by british and american police and authorities, but for operational reasons, haven't been disclosed. but the bbc understands that he is mohammed emwazi. he's a man from west london around 27 28 years of age. the metropolitan police have
just said that they're not going to confirm the identity of anyone at this stage or give an update of a live counterterrorism investigation. they have previously asked the media not to speculate about the details of the investigation, but both here in the uk and in america, it was clear that people were beginning to be more aware of his name. the police we believe, are -- have been involved in trying to find out more details about him and he -- bbc news understands, was on the radar of the police and security service before he traveled to syria. not necessarily in a high level, but certainly, he had connections, we believe, with some of those who were put on control orders which are those suspected of terrorism, who haven't been taken through trial, but movements must be restricted and linked to a group
that were involved in some sort of network connected to al shabaab in somalia. >> so lucy we know that his name was on the radar of both u.s. and uk authorities. are we any closer to knowing how close either of those parties are to actually finding jihadi john? >> no we're not. everyone still believes that he's in syria. there were some newspaper reports recently that he may have been injured. i certainly don't know that information. i'm sure the police in the security service have a better understanding of that but certainly, the e-mail that we just got from the metropolitan police says that they're not prepared to give an ongoing commentary on what is a live investigation. but what we do believe is that this man, jihadi john is mohammed emwazi. he is from west london in his late 20s. >> well with me for more on this is mohammad from bbc arabic. many thanks for joining me here in the studio. can you just remind us exactly who jihadi john is and why this
is such an important announcement that we're hearing? >> well jihadi john first appeared in august in an execution video of james foley. and since then he has appeared in a number of similar horrific videos. the first thing that struck about him was that he had an english accent and this is when the speculation started that he may be from london or from the uk. and this also i mean raised the alarm bell or the flag the fact that hundreds of thousands of young men and women from europe are flocking to the i.s. group controlled areas in syria and iraq. started all sorts of discussions about how these people are radicalized and how are they how do they travel and who facilitates this and who
encourages this. and as we're getting more details about who this person is and where he lives and where he went to pray and who he was associated with we start to get a clearer picture of how he was radicalized and what sort of influenced him as a graduate somebody in his 20s, to take this route. >> because he also raised the profile, doesn't he of this new trend of very gruesome videos that are then put out on social media, which has been used to great effect actually by islamic state, hasn't it? >> well he was a big part of the i.s. group propaganda machine. and he served a lot of things by appearing in these videos. to show that you know, this is a sort of there have been volunteers from around the world
that it's a global thing and of course, he's studying computer science, and you know a lot of the informational media propaganda messages of i.s. is fed through the internet through youtube, and such video uploading websites and these people who are coming from well-educated backgrounds are obviously -- play a crucial role in this islamic state propaganda machine. >> and we are obviously no closer to knowing, are we how close either the americans or the uk forces are to actually finding this man. >> yeah that's a more difficult thing, because he is in an area that is controlled by the islamic state group. it's largely inaccessible to anybody, and it's being subjected since last september
to daily coalition air strikes. so is he alive? is he dead? is he hiding? we don't know. >> and also how clear are we that this man, mohammed emwazi he is actually the man when appears in the videos that we've all seen online? that he's actually the man committing these gruesome beheadings? >> well we have what we -- the information we have is the information that appears on the video. so he is in these videos holding a knife and talking. we have his voice, can be identified. his physical features can be identified. and experts who look at this are -- there's all sorts of yob, sorts of theories about, you know, about whether he beheaded his victims himself or was it somebody else and he posed in the film. so -- but he is obviously, the main person in this propaganda message that i.s. was trying to
propagate. >> mohammad, many thanks from b bbc arabic. update you on our breaking news that the man known as jihadi john is in fact called mohammed emwazi, a british man believed to be from west london. we're watching bbc world news. do stay with us. you loved brad. and then you totaled him. you two had been through everything together. two boyfriends. three jobs. you're like "nothing can replace brad!" then liberty mutual calls. and you break into your happy dance. if you sign up for better car replacement, we'll pay for a car that's a model year newer with 15,000 fewer miles than your old one. see car insurance in a whole new light. liberty mutual insurance. you can call me shallow... but, i have a wandering eye. i mean, come on. national gives me the control to choose any car in the aisle i want. i could choose you... or i could choose her if i like her
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a guy that can take the king 7 and make it 8. heck. maybe even 9. make no mistake about it. they're out there. i guarantee it. welcome to the nascar xfinity series. welcome back to bbc world news. our top stories. the known man as jihadi john who's carried out a series of high-profile islamic state beheadings is named as londoner mohammed emwazi. three men accused of waging war on america are arrested in the u.s. after attempting to join i.s. in syria. preparing for a new onslaught by pro-russian rebels, troops in the ukrainian port of mariupol fear they may be targeted next. and the pakistani rape victim whose attackers filmed the ordeal and posted it online
is now fighting to have the video taken down. now, we begin with our breaking news. that the islamic state group executioner, a man known as jihadi john has been identified. the bbc understands that his real nameed emwazi. he's a british man known to be from west london. he was pictured in videos posted. lucy manning told me earlier about what she found out about the man with the accent known as jihadi john. >> jihadi john has become the figurehead of all these videos that they've been putting out showing the beheadings. and his name has been known for some time by british and
american police zmortauthorities, but for operational reasons, hasn't been disclosed. but the bbc understands he's a man known as mohammed emwazi around 27 or 28 years offage. the metropolitan police have just said that they're not going to confirm the identity of anyone at this stage or give an update of ooh live counterterrorism investigation. they had previously asked the media not to speculate about the details of the investigation, but both here in the uk and in america, it was clear that people were beginning to be more aware of his name. the police we believe, are -- have been involved in trying to find out more details about him and he -- the bbc news understands, was on the radar of the police and security service before he traveled to syria. not necessarily in a high level, but certainly he has connections, we believe, with
some of those who were put on control orders. which are those suspected of terrorism, who haven't been taken through trial, but movements must be restricted and linked to a group that were involved in some sort of network connected to al shabaab in somalia. >> so, lucy we know that his name is on the radar, of both u.s. and uk authorities. are we any closer to knowing how close either of those parties are to actually finding jihadi john? >> no we're not. everyone still believes that he's in syria. there were some newspaper reports recently that he may have been injured. i certainly don't know that information. i'm sure the police in the security service have a better understanding of that but certainly, the e-mails that we've just got from the metropolitan police says that they're not prepared to give an ongoing commentary on what is a live investigation. but what we do believe is that this man jihadi john is mohammed emwazi. he is from west london in his late 20s.
>> well with me here in the studio now is mohammad from bbc arabic. and just remind us again as to how important jihadi john is and therefore, how important today's announcement is. >> jihadi john was a pivotal element in the prop began da machine of the islamic state group. he served them to spread their message, trying to show themselves as a global organization, who have volunteers from around the world and who have volunteers who know about computer programming, using social media, and can help them to spread their message effectively. the name jihadi john is thought to be have been given to him by some of the hostage, who he and other islamic state elements have been taking charge of. because of his english or london accident. >> you mentioned the hostages
there. and although his name was on the radar of both american and uk authorities for a while, we understand they did not want to disclose it because they did not want to jeopardize all of the hostages from all around the world who were in his captivity. are we any closer, though to knowing either of those parties are to actually finding jihadi john and tracking him down? >> well now that his identity appears to have been clearly positively identified and he's known to be in syria or iraq in the areas controlled by islamic state group, it is going to be very difficult to track him down there, mainly because the area is inaccessible. it's under the control of this militant group, and it's an area that is subjected on a daily basis to coalition air strikes. >> as you mentioned earlier, jihadi john was key to the propaganda machine of i.s. he really raised the profiles of
these gruesome videos but then would appear online. but how certain are we that this man, mohammed emwazi was the man who actually appeared on those videos and committed those beheadings? >> from what appears, the main thing the the voice. security and intelligence have viewed his voice and accurate voice recognition programs to make this identification. and there have been people who have been identified who are associated with this person. his friends, his family who have been able to confirm his identity. so the video and the voice give a lot of information that appear to have made a positive identification on this person. >> mohamed, many thanks talking us through our breaking news this hour here on bbc news that the man known as jihadi john, a member of i.s. is in fact mohammed emwazi, a british man believed to be from west
london. we'll of course bring you more on this story as we get it. let's move on now. and we move to ukraine, because troops in the eastern port city of mariupol are preparing to defend themselves from an attack by pro-russian separatists. the troops fear they may be targeted next by the rebel forces, following a heavy defeat in the town of debaltseve. well david stern is in keefe for us. david, elsewhere in ukraine, the cease-fire appears to be holding, at least it has been for the last 24 hours, but the people of mariupol they're preparing for an attack. what's happening? >> well exactly, alice. the question is whether this latest de-escalation is a lull a lull before the next escalation in fighting or perhaps this is leading towards the actual implementation of the cease-fire. now, we've been seeing actually less fighting over a greater period and for the last basically, 48 hours, there have been no fatalities on the ukrainian army side. this was announced just
recently. so the question is if this is now something that will allow the two sides to pull back their artillery, to have a full prisoner swap and basically implement the other issues of the peace deal. but as you say, there are great fears about what the situation in mariupol is. the ukrainians say there is a buildup of fighters and artillery there. difficult to say to what extent this is happening, but there has been concerns for some time now that mariupol could be the next target of the russian-backed rebels, because it is a very strategic port in the southern part of the donetsk region. >> as you say, it's a very important occasion isn't it? but over in moscow david, we've also been hearing some strong words and important words from sergey lavrov the foreign minister reacting to comments from the u.s. secretary of state, john kerry, and others about some possible new sanctions for russia. >> well that's right.
it's a continuation if the situation on the ground is becoming quieter, the rhetoric the war of words, justice at the same level of intensity, if not higher. we have been hearing from the americans and other western leaders in recent days but in particular from mr. kerry. he says that the new sanctions have been teed up if there is a worsening of the situation, mr. lavrov reacting to that very negatively. saying the west is not interested in implementing the peace plan. but as i say, it remains to be seen what exactly happens on the ground. obviously, the situation between, well the west and russia isn't getting better at the moment but there is hope that there could be an implementation of this peace plan. >> okay, david, for now, many thanks. david stern for us keeping an eye on things in kiev. some other news now, there's been a suicide attack on a turk turkish diplomatic convoy of the afghan capital of kabul.
they carried explosives into the city's diplomatic quarter, killing a turkish soldier. the bbc understands that the target was made ambassador to afghanistan. he was waiting to be picked up at the turkish embassy. he was unhurt. a row between the obama administration and israel's prime minister has deepened. benjamin netanyahu had accused the u.s. and others on giving up trying to stop iran obtaining nuclear weapons. in a response the american secretary of state john kerry, has questioned mr. netanyahu's judgment on the issue. republican leaders have asked mr. netanyahu to address congress next week angering the white house, which wasn't informed of the invitation. the constitutional court in south korea has struck down a 62-year-old law banning adultery. the court ruled that the statute unconstitutional on the basis that it was not for the state to intervene if people's private
lives. that marital infidelity should be condemned as immoral. the 1953 law made one of the few countries where adultery was a criminal offense. do stay with us here on bbc world news. still to come two decades after one of the world's biggest financial collapses, we hear from the singapore banker at the center of the scandal. were lessons learned? i know this guy... konohito... and this guy... who knows a guy. hey guy. i know a guy in new york, vegas, dallas. i've known some guys for decades and some, nice to meet ya, let's deal. my competitors may know a guy, but i know over 60,000 guys. and gals. exclusive hotel deals - up to 60% off...priceline.com hershey's miniatures. we pour 'em! we pass 'em! we pick 'em! delicious fun for everyone. hershey's miniatures are mine, yours, our chocolate.
let's talk to tommy who's in lagos for us. and tommy, what is the link between i.s. and al shabaab? >> well this link is only just coming through, because in the past we've known that al shabaab was linked with al qaeda. al qaeda has distanced itself from the islamic state. so it's not believed or it wasn't believed that al shabaab would have concurrent links with both al qaeda and i.s. at the same time. so judging from what we've seen right now, jihadi john and mohammed emwazi, as he's been revealed seems to have had strong links from al shabaab, seem to be quite interested in this group. i think that opens a whole new dimension now, because we have to see what are the implications of this. does that then mean that i.s. has a direct handle of al shabaab and what could be the future implications of this regarding whether they're
planning any further expansions or attacks in the region where al shabaab operates. i think at the moment still more details coming out, was so far, that's as much as we're able to find in terms of those linux links. >> and tommy, how are jihadi john and i.s. generally perceived throughout the arab world? >> well i mean considering we've seen the impact that i.s. has had across the middle east, iraq, and syria, jihadi john as a figure has been one of those who we've seen described by hostages, this british man who, you know was vocal, was one of the ones who was behind a lot of the beheadings. of course there is that fear that is still being instilled across the middle east. we see what's going on. the fact that it's you know, galvanized a huge response from the rest of the world. so that is why this man and the revelation we've had about his
identity becomes very significant at this time? >> tommy, many thanks live for us in lagos. three journalist have said arrested in paris for illegally flying a drone. it follows reports that drones were sighted over the city's landmarks at night, including the eiffel tower. flying drones at night is illegal and daytime flights require authorization from the city. >> reporter: more mystery drone flights in france. this time in paris. the unexplained sightings were at major landmarks around the french capital. this is where the drones were reportedly spotted. and investigators don't know why. the chief executive of a drone manufacturer told europe 1 radio that it wasn't cause for concern. >> translator: there have not
yet been any confirmed cases of terrorists using drones. it's not something that's happened before. we shouldn't give in to panic or fantasy. >> reporter: three al jazeera journalists have also been arrested for illegally flying a drone. al jazeera tweeted the journalists were filming a report on the city's recent drones and it's not known if that incident was linked to the sightings over paris. flying drones over paris without a license is banned and flying drones at night, illegal. when you look at the night sky, you can see just how difficult it is to track small, unmanned aircraft. this technological gap is what the problem. what the government takes very seriously are drones that could carry a payload. this isn't the first time there have been drone sightings in france. the first sighting was in october at a nuclear power plant in the southeast of the country. more drones were spotted in the
weeks that followed at seven different power plants. greenpeace was initially blamed but denied any involvement. a month ago, a drone was seen above the french presidential palace just days after the paris attacks on "charlie hebdo." paris is still on high alert, so for french authorities, two questions remain. who was behind the drone flights and why are they doing it? laura westbrook, bbc news. 20 years ago today, the british merchant bank bearings collapsed after nick leeson a general manager in singapore, made mammoth trading auctions on future markets of $1.4 billion united states. the rate trader has been immortalized in a book and a film speaking two decades later. he said little change in the industry still giving us one scandal after another. >> the story is one of incompetence and negligence on a grand scale. i think every time you see
financial scandal, be that rogue trading, be that global financial collapse it's poor systems, poor controls and poor people. for me this is a deterrent, and it isn't good enough. the punishment isn't meaningful enough. and when you have a situation like that people aren't really scared that anything's going to be done to them. maybe the chain of command needs to be looked at a lot more and they need to be held accountable for the culture and the activities that exist within their organization. people were accepting what i was telling them so there was this inclination to believe, but they didn't really get behind the detail and look into it. and challenge, as they should have done. and that's the problem. >> well, our reporter has returned to his old watering hole to talk to the journalist who all those years ago uncovered a harrowing fact by mr. leeson addressed to barings, saying he was near a nervous
breakdown and that he was tendering his resignation. >> i was, this was a great scoop. and it certainly was. and, you know, after that bbc sky news cnn, they all came to see me to find out how i got that piece of paper. well, it was through good contacts. people who were directly involved in the investigation, who gave me the leg up on that. in fact, they gave me a academy. >> do you still have the piece of paper? >> somewhere in my mouse, it's still there. >> so it's 20 years since, and nick leeson literally brought down the back. can you believe it's so long >> it seems so fast. time has slipped away. i think it's come a long way since then the banking world here. there have been other scandals too, but not quite on the scale of nick leeson and barrington.
>> and you have this beer here leeson lager that's named after nick leeson. can you tell us about it? >> yeah this is the beer that they bottled after -- just after the scandal broke and it's labeled as the most expensive beer in the world. probably $2 billion worth. >> and i also note that it's 88888 reserve. can you tell us about the significance of that? >> that's a chinese lucky number. but for baring's it wasn't so lucky. >> but also the name of the account he had as well to hide his -- >> because of the chinese obsession with 8888 so he used that to move things i suppose. >> we do hear from him some crisp of the way banks work. do you think he has a point? >> he certainly has -- because at that time [ inaudible ] and with no limits and all that nobody looks at your limits and
they just let things get away slip away. i guess they all trusted him. i mean he was a fun-loving guy. he was easy going. so it gives them a false sense of security. >> do you have any sympathy for him, 20 years after the fact? >> i mean, if his supervisors had better control of him, he hadn't have gotten in so deep into trouble. he didn't set out to cheat anybody, like i said. and you would think that things got out of hand and he didn't know how to extricate himself from all his problems. >> the bbc's tim mcdonald there talking to conrad raj, the journalist who uncovered the nick leeson story all those years ago. now, when president obama announced that he was going to ease relations with cuba last year, no one was happier than u.s. businesses. they're itching to get into the
new market. will their big dreams of profit live up to expectations? the bbc's barbara pledasher has been taking a closer look. >> reporter: curls and cuts are at the vanguard of private enterprise in cuba permitted by recent government reform. also cafes and guest houses. much of this is funded by americans. cuban americans, who send money to family here. and that u.s. role is set to increase. >> the change in u.s. rules means americans are now permitted to export certain goods to private business people here and cuban americans are allowed to send more money to their relatives. the idea is to strengthen the private sector so cubans can become less dependent on the state. >> the fitter visit of a senior u.s. official attracted not only journalists, but a cuban american businessman. he's already established a foothold in havana. >> this is my favorite space in the whole office. >> this media operation is
permitted under cultural exemptions of the embargo. attempting the u.s. changes, he's positioned himself for other business ventures but he says changes are needed in cuba too. >> i'm not allowed to stay and purchase a home or buy a car or permanently reside in cuba. i have limitations to the amount of time that i could stay in the country, cl i think is totally absurd. >> cuba's relationship with the exile community in miami is complicated and there's still a core of antihch-astro hostility here. miami's crucial cruise industry is poised for the moment when the u.s. gives tourism the green light. >> we don't have to wait for airports to be built, for hotels to be built, for other tourist infrastructure, requirements needed to be built. we bring our own, quite frankly. >> reporter: brian hall didn't wait for anything. he flew his plane to havana
shortly after the u.s. policy changes were announced. now he's forging ahead with plans to launch a ferry from cuba to the florida keys. local officials have eagerly embraced the project. they're calling their town marathon, the gateway to cuba with a growing number of approved u.s. travelers. >> so when you go where that sailboat is, you'll do a left turn, about 90 degrees, and go straight south. >> reporter: brainian's so confident the ferry will sail he's already charting other cuban prospects. >> they want american dollars there. they want to see american businesses. they want to see -- they actually want to see franchises. >> reporter: maybe, but change happens slowly in cuba. the americans have opened the door, but it's cuba that will set the pace. barbara pledasher, wbbbc news. some of the world's biggest music stars have been in london for awards and madonna's been grabbing all the headlines, but
for sadly the wrong reasons. she fell on stage, tumbling down a set of stage and landing rather awkwardly after a dance we saw, trying to remove a cape. but she recovered and like a true pro, returned to the stage to if i were her song living for love. she later released a statement saying she was fine and her cape had been tied too tight. want to let you know about our breaking news this hour. bbc news understands that the man known as jihadi john is in fact called mohammed emwazi. a british man believed to be from west london. he's known from british authority services. for operational reasons, authorities have not disclosed his name. emwazi, also known as jihadi john, was pictured in the videos of the beheadings of numerous hostages including britain's alan henning and david haynes. he's believed to be an associate of a formerly control order suspect who traveled to somalia in 2006 and is allegedly linked to an al shabaab affiliation.
he served object video that was put out by islamic state in august last year when he apparently beheaded american journalist james foley and appeared in numerous other groo gruesome videos since. you're with bbc news. don't go away. there's a place for vacationers who seek more than just a little time off. the ones who choose to go big or stay home. ♪ come with me now ♪ where every amazing, despicable wizarding adventure reveals moments that are truly epic. this place is made for those who do more than just vacation ... ♪ whoa ♪ ♪ go with me now ♪ it's made for those who vacation like they mean it. universal orlando resort. you pay your auto insurance premium every month on the dot. you're like the poster child for paying on time. and then one day you tap the bumper of a station wagon. no big deal... until your insurance company jacks up your rates. you freak out. what good is having insurance
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hello. you're watching ockingshockings. one of the world's most wanted man, jihadi john is identified by the bbc. he's a key figurehead of islamic state and has been pictured in the videos of beheadings of numerous hostages. we also report from the ukrainian port of mariupol where preparations are being made to protect the city from pro-russian separatists, despite the cease-fire. >> we've been told there is fighting going on about two kilometers down the hill from here in a village, but even
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