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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 4, 2017 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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hello, i'm kasia madera with bbc news. our top stories: the us imposes new sanctions on iran following a recent ballistic missile test. tehran says they breached the deal to curb its nuclear programme. a man shot and injured after trying to attack french security forces in paris has been identified as a 29—year—old egyptian. a fourth night of protests in romanian. hundreds of thousands of people have been in the streets again demonstrating against government orders to free dozens of officials jailed for corruption. and we meet a man in kenya who is making it his mission to ensure people don't forget about vinyl records. hello and welcome to the programme.
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the united states has imposed new sanctions on iran to punish it for a recent ballistic missile test and what it calls tehran‘s continued support for terrorism. they will target 12 companies and 13 individuals in iran and elsewhere. let's hear from sean individuals in iran and elsewhere. let's hearfrom sean spicer. today's sanctions represent a strong stand against the iranian actions. the deal struck was not in the best interests of this country and president trump will do everything he can to make sure iran is stayed in check. these kind of sanctions don't happen quickly, but i think the timing of them was clearly in reaction to what we've seen over the last couple of days. we knew we had these options available to us because they've been worked through the process. white house spokesperson sean spicer
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there. in response iran has acknowledged it conducted a missile test but insists the test did not violate the 2015 nuclear accord, nor aun violate the 2015 nuclear accord, nor a un security council resolution banning ballistic missile is for another eight years. its foreign ministry condemned the new sanctions saying the islamic republic of iran... bbc persian‘s us correspondent explains just how these actions from the trump administration are different from the handling of iran by the obama administration. the ballast is a new level we haven't heard over the last few yea rs, haven't heard over the last few years, the obama administration even when they imposed sanctions in
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response to the missile test, which there aren't and washington agreed to disagree on, because they both acknowledge the tests are not a violation of the iran deal and even me security council, the us says... it is, iran says it is not because in the text of the security council it only calls on iran to refrain from these tests but nevertheless even when they imposed the sanctions under the obama administration, the language we see now it wasn't there. the sole threat of military action, the sentence that irani and is find very offensive when they say no options are off the table. they see it as options are off the table. they see itasa options are off the table. they see it as a possibility of an attack. and americans especially under the obama administration stopped using it as much, especially after the nuclear deal, now a new sheriff is in town and they are telegraphing to there aren't that they will not only use that language but go even further and threaten it with possibly more sanctions notjust the
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ones we saw today. in the nature of the sanctions themselves, they're not something extraordinary. they're not something extraordinary. they're not going to be consequential for the iranian economy and from iran's point of view there not a violation of the deal because even though they might say it is, because similar sanctions have been imposed before and they didn't get as a violation. but nevertheless the difference between now and then is there was a channel between the two countries, between foreign minister zarif, former secretary of state john kerry, even when these things happened there was a way to de—escalate. but right now that channel doesn't exist and there doesn't seem to be much of an interest in the trump administration for a dialogue while these sanctions are imposed to prevent this whole situation getting out of hand. thank you very much for that. i want to bring up the visa situation because it affects the people coming from
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seven mainly muslim countries. we spoke to you a lot about the implications. right now we are getting discrepancies in terms of the figures of the number of visas revoked because government lawyers telling a court in virginia that around 100,000 visas were affected but the state department is putting the figure at fewer than 60,000, so quite a discrepancy between the figures. can you put us in the clear about this one? if there's one word for this it is confusion, in its implementation and these figures. 0n the same day you have 100000 and then 60,000. the day before that, two or three days before that, sean spicer in the white house as a spokesman, press secretary, insisted that only 109 people were inconvenienced by this. you have 109, 60000 and 100,000. it is
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clearly in the upper tens of thousands of people who had planned their lives around these visas. they we re their lives around these visas. they were planning to come to the united states. 0r were planning to come to the united states. or they lived in the united states, as we have documented many cases like this, went back for a visit, the wife went back for a visit, the wife went back for a visit to tehran for instance, the husband is studying in the us and 110w husband is studying in the us and now they are separated. there are thousands of incidents like this but it doesn't seem like the administration can get its number right so far so we could have a definite account of how many people have been impacted by this stroke of a pen of president trump. we are going to take you live to tokyo right now, where the us secretary of defence james mathis is being welcomed. you will recall he is in asia, the first continent he is in asia, the first continent he
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is visiting since taking up his position as us secretary of defence. we've been hearing how he has been saying the us is standing shoulder to shoulder with japan, something that of course japan will want to hear. we also heard a lot about his previous meeting in south korea where he gave some quite stark warnings to north korea, saying any use of nuclear weapons by north korea would be met with an effective and overwhelming response. no doubt north korea will be high on the agenda forjames mathis while he has this tour of japan. we agenda forjames mathis while he has this tour ofjapan. we will keep you up this tour ofjapan. we will keep you up to date on any developments and anything that is said here on bbc news. a french soldier has shot and seriously wounded a man who attacked guards at the louvre museum in paris. a police spokesman said the man, who was wielding a machete, had shouted god is
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greatest in arabic. the french prime minister said it appeared to be a terrorist attack. the attacker has been identified as abdullah reda al—hama—me, a 29—year—old egyptian national, who arrived in france from dubai last week on a tourist visa. jonny dymond reports. in the heart of paris, at the entrance to one of its cultural treasures, an attacker is brought down by the military. an egyptian, he'd come to the city eight days ago. he was stopped as he tried to enter the shops beneath the louvre. he shouted, "allahu akbar", god is great in arabic. and then swung at a soldier with one of the two machetes he was carrying. the soldier fired from the ground, all around confusion and fear. translation: it happened very fast, really it all went quickly. everyone was panicking and we thought of our lives, we saw death coming for us,
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with everything's that's been happening at the moment. we were very, very scared. injured in the attack, the soldier who'd been struck and then brought down the attacker. the french president in malta at the eu summit said it was a terrorist attack. the situation, he said, was under control. translation: the threat is there. it remains, and we have to face it. that's the reason we mobilise these resources and will continue to do so as long as it is needed. for the authorities, this was proof that the high—profile security presence in the capital and across france really does work. it was also a reminder of the attacks that took so many lives here, and of the threat that remains in paris and beyond.
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by the end of the day the louvre was open again but paris and france remain on high alert. jonny dymond, bbc news, paris. the romanian capital, bucharest, is continuing to see large anti—government protests after a decree was passed which could free dozens of officials jailed for corruption. the demonstrations are the biggest since the fall of communism in 1989. the government says the new measures are needed to ease over—crowding in the country's prisons. from bucharest nick thorpe reports. the crowds are large and mostly good—humoured. people appear buoyed by the sheer numbers on its streets but there's also a sense of urgency. just seven days left until the controversial decree comes into force. dozens of officials would get out ofjail and force. dozens of officials would get out of jail and hundreds force. dozens of officials would get out ofjail and hundreds would avoid prosecution. can i ask what it says on yoursign? prosecution. can i ask what it says on your sign? it says my parents learned me that it's not good to lie. the government is lying and cheating right now and somehow they
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forced me to leave my country, to live in another world and to learn in another country and i want my rights to study here and to be with my family rights to study here and to be with myfamily in rights to study here and to be with my family in a kind and related world. i strongly believe it's a unique moment for our country and a new generation with national feeling, it's arising from this moment. this is more complex than a simple stand—off between the state and the street. the protesters have come out to defend this state institution. the powerful anticorruption institution. the powerful anticorru ption office. institution. the powerful anticorruption office. starting from 110w anticorruption office. starting from now it will be a huge risk for the judicial system in each day because in each day we can find out about another modification. we can find out about the changes of our jurisdiction or maybe our office can be dissolved or not exist any more.
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this is the fourth day of the protests in romanian and already people are gathering. the government decree was introduced overnight, but it was probably long in the planning. there's a long—standing feud in romania between those in power and the national anticorruption power and the national anticorru ption directorate. they power and the national anticorruption directorate. they say it has too much power and they're determined to reduce its authority. nick thorpe, bbc news, you can rest. eu leaders have been meeting in malta for their first summit of the year. britain's prime minister, theresa may, used the meeting to press for more financial commitment to nato. but any scope for britain to be a bridge between donald trump and the eu seemed to get a rebuff in some quarters. here's our deputy political editorjohn pienaar. a stroll in the sun among europe's leaders, but soon theresa may will be walking alone after brexit, then she'll need all the friends she can get. friends, she believes, like donald trump. she took his hand last week and took home his promise of 100% commitment to the nato alliance.
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officials have their uses. 0ne high—ranking civil servant was suddenly appointed bag carrier today. she had work to do. offering to help the eu in future just as she'd helped the cause of nato. will that us relationship help in that? well, i think it's important that we got the 100% commitment to nato because nato has been so crucial in protecting the security, notjust of the uk but also of europe and will do so in the future. but as we look to our negotiations what i want to build with the eu is a strong partnership. we want a strong continuing eu and a strong partnership because we're not leaving europe, we're leaving the eu. the prime minister's flying visit here is just part of her mission to hold on to britain's global clout after brexit. theresa may's hope by showing she can deal with donald trump and get results, she'll get a better brexit dealfrom eu leaders who may look to her to help fight europe's corner with the new president. but like so much of theresa may's
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plan for brexit, it won't be easy. theresa may's welcome was warm enough at this informal summit, though she could be forgiven a few nerves, not everyone was interested in new ways to connect with president trump. we've got twitter for that, one leader said. and president hollande insisted it was france's job to develop the eu's relationship with america after brexit. but the eu council president, donald tusk, saw a role for mrs may and britain. the uk can, inside europe or outside europe, eu, not europe, can be very helpful. and i have no doubt also after today's discussions and what theresa may said, i have no doubt that today we can feel some kind of spirit of solidarity. but the summit host warned the eu would fight its own corner if necessary against president trump. we cannot stay silent where there are principles involved. and as in any good relationship
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we will have and we will speak very clearly where we think those principles are being trampled on. just now the moods almost amicable. eu leaders took a boat ride together today. but hard negotiations to come will decide how far britain stays aboard with europe's future or whether the uk is left to chart its own course alone. john pienaar, bbc news, valetta. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: god bless you. thank you so much, guys. we meet the pastor facing up to 20 years in prison for protesting against mugabe's government in zimbabwe. this is the moment that millions in iran had been waiting for. after his long years in exile, the first hesitant steps of ayatollah khomeini on iranian soil. south africa's white government has
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offered its black opponents concessions unparalleled in the history of apartheid. the ban on the african national congress is lifted immediately, and the anc leader, nelson mandela, after 27 years injail, is to be set free unconditionally. the aircraft was returning from belgrade, where manchester united had entered the semi—final of the european cup. two americans are the first humans to walk in space without any lifeline to their spaceship. one of them called it a piece of cake. thousands of people have given yachstwoman ellen macarthur the spectacular homecoming after she smashed the world record for sailing solo around the world non—stop. this is bbc news. i'm kasia madera. the latest headlines: the us imposes new sanctions on iran following a recent ballistic missile
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test — tehran says they breach the deal agreed to curb its nuclear programme. a man who was shot and injured after trying to attack french security forces in paris has been identified as a 29—year—old egyptian. there's been more heavy fighting in eastern ukraine, with government forces and russian—backed rebels accusing each other of attacking civilians. fighting has intensified over the last few days. with the focus of some of the heaviest clashes on the government—held city of avdiivka, just over 16 kilometres from rebel—held donetsk. 0ur correspondent tom burridge has been to avdiivka, and sent this report. a wait for food — part of their perpetual nightmare of war. but for thousands, the city of avdiivka is still their home. it's now the epicentre of the worst fighting in eastern ukraine in two years. she says she sits at home trembling when the night—time routine of heavy shelling begins.
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today we met valentina. still in shock, her daughter was killed in the shelling last night. she still hadn't told her nine—year—old grandson. translation: the child still doesn't know his mother is gone. and i don't know how to tell him. "who was firing?", asks the dead woman's cousin. "who is responsible for eastern ukraine being covered in blood?" we found elena's husband clearing up the family's apartment where his wife was killed. the reality is, most of the civilians living in the city, are just a short distance from the front line in that direction. you can hear the fighting now. they have nowhere else to go. they are stuck here, stuck in the madness of the conflict in eastern ukraine. it's why a woman — an innocent woman — died last night. there, in the same apartment block, was a british journalist. freelancer christopher nunn was badly injured to the head. we met the ukrainian army doctor who treated him.
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he had an injured face and injured eye. i think a fragment of rocket go into his eye. he is lucky. because he didn't die? they are treating the injured and receiving the dead at avdiivka's tiny hospital everyday. they are treating the injured and receiving the dead at avdiivka's tiny hospital everyday. the ukrainian army, which holds the city, is fighting russian backed separatists. ukraine and russia both blame each otherfor the increase in violence. civilians have also been killed in the separatist—held city of donetsk. russia claims the authorities here, which it supports, are in a battle for independence. but there is clear evidence the conflict, which has ruined cities like avdiivka, has been fuelled by russia. and countries like britain accuse moscow of violating the sovereignty of ukraine. war here has a familiar feel, but things could now once again spiral out of control.
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tom burridge, bbc news in eastern ukraine. a pastor from zimbabwe who led protests against president robert mugabe's government last year, has appeared in court charged with trying to overthrow the government. evan mawariray, who started the this flag movement, will stand trial later this month. if convicted he faces up to 20 years in prison. it comes as president mugabe prepares to celebrate his 93rd birthday with a lavish party against a backdrop of economic hardship, as our harare correspondent shingai nyoka reports. u nfortu nately, unfortunately, i have been arrested again. this is how the state responded to government critic evan mawarire, as he stepped off the plane after six months of self—imposed exile. he's in chains, but defiant, despite facing serious charges. the charge sheet says he incited the public locally and internationally to revolt and overthrow the government. they were some of the most violent protests in over a decade, anger targeted at the long—time leader president mugabe, and corruption in his
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administration. let them see that zimbabweans are rising up... the state say mawarire's social media posts calling for work stoppages incited a series of violent protests, even months after he left. injuly similar charges were thrown out on a technicality, leading to memorable celebrations by his supporters. evan mawarire has not received the same level of public support that he did when he stood on these same court grounds last year, but his supporters believe that his case, which will be heard here, will test the limits of freedom of expression in this country. mawarire's lawyer and thisflag supporter believes it's because of the state's response, banning protests and the waving of flags, but it is also because of mawarire himself. i think a lot of people are still a little bit upset, if you like, disappointed, they feel let down by the fact he left in the first place, and perhaps they feel he might do it again, but i think at its core it
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must be remembered at all times is that evan mawarire is not the problem — he has never been the problem — and the problems that got everybody to rise up the first time he spoke out remain. one of these issues was the state of the economy, and this has worsened. the government needs money to pay civil service wages and bonuses. in a desperate measure, it has introduced a 15% tax on meat, potatoes and margarine. it is a very unusual choice, very unprecedented. it is to do, i think, with the context in which wages have gone down so the government has to raise revenues somehow. mawarire's return comes weeks ahead of lavish birthday celebrations, as president mugabe turns 93. mr mugabe is seen here at last year's birthday. he says mawarire is being sponsored by western countries wanting to end his 37—year rule. the thisflag pastor has not ruled
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out running for office, but his immediate fate lies in the hands of mugabe's government. many music fans are choosing to go back to vinyl so we're taking you to a store leading the way. but it's not in brooklyn or la. instead there's a market stall in nairobi which is determined to keep people spinning the decks and we've gone to meet the man behind it. my name is james. everybody around here knows me asjimmy. i collect
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records and vinyl. i have had this since 1989. this username wrote these markets. —— this is nairobi's markets. we have over 6000 records. there's blues, there is a rum but, there's country, instrumentals, soundtracks —— ramba. there's country, instrumentals, soundtracks —— rambalj there's country, instrumentals, soundtracks -- ramba. i really like this one. a record player, yes. i was wondering where to get this kind of music. a lot of young people are buying records and really appreciating. 0ur buying records and really appreciating. our clients come from all over the world. they are happy to find that there is vinyl to buy.
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east african of vinyl records are getting harder and harder to find. u nfortu nately, getting harder and harder to find. unfortunately, there are no companies doing depression in or re— issues. —— pressing. ialways kept on buying vinyl records from the shops, even when it was becoming digital, couldn't stop. it's a sickness, maybe. we are not going to change. vinyl is king. you cannot beat the sound of vinyl. thank you for watching. hello there, good evening.
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things are coming down but on friday, we had winds of up to 60 mph. friday, we had winds of up to 60 i friday, we had winds of up to 60 mph. big waves and rough seas. 0utbreaks mph. big waves and rough seas. outbreaks of rain and even some snow over the hills. here, outbreaks of rain and even some snow overthe hills. here, earlier on outbreaks of rain and even some snow over the hills. here, earlier on in the night across parts of northern ireland. the wet weather is moving northwards up into scotland right now. clearer skies following on in england and wales. maybe northern ireland, too. chile with the risk of icy patches. another area of low pressure on the scene on saturday. we will miss the worst about it could bring disruptive weather around the bay of biscay and into france. a lot of people travelling up france. a lot of people travelling upfor france. a lot of people travelling up for the six nations rugby. for the two matches on saturday, it looks like it's going to be generally fine. improving weather at murrayfield. it should be dry in london. a chance of rain first thing from the weather system that is bringing the wet and windy weather into france but away from here, away from the south—east corner of england, it could be a chile, dry,
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bright start. a few showers coming into the south—west corner of england. it should have dried off for much of northern ireland. a cold and wet pitch at north of the central belt. for scotland, rain and snow in the hills. 0ne central belt. for scotland, rain and snow in the hills. one or two showers further south and developing later in the day in west wales and the far south—west of england. that area of low pressure takes the rain away from the extreme south—east of england and eventually that cloud brea ks england and eventually that cloud breaks as well. for many parts of the uk, it will be dry with quite a bit of sunshine but a bit colder, temperatures seven or eight degrees. looking at the showers developing in the west and south—west. that develops into a more organised band of rain. again, there could be snow in the hills. i decided that, the winds are quite light, skies clearer. there could be frost and maybe some icy patches but also some patches of freezing fog as well. certainly not widespread but that will take a while to clear for parts
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of southern england and maybe northern ireland on sunday. a lot of that rain tends to peter out, leaving us with a few showers around across the northern part of the uk but further south, it could be dry. again, some sunshine coming through but or cold feel. 6— eight degrees. clear skies and light winds overnight and it could be quite a frosty start on monday morning. again, some patches of freezing fog which could take a little while to clear away. we have a bump of high pressure to start next week but looking out towards the west, signs of change and again. stronger winds on the way. that will blow in a —— outbreaks of rain of the atlantic and tend to lift the temperatures for a while. that's it. goodbye. the latest headlines from bbc news. i'm kasia madeira. the us has imposed new sanctions on iran following a recent ballistic missile test. iran says they breach the deal under which it agreed to curb its nuclear programme. official figures suggest 60,000 people have had their visas revoked under the travel ban introduced by president trump last week.
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the ban stopped all travel from seven muslim majority countries and caused travel chaos and nationwide protests. for a fourth night hundreds of thousands of romanians have gathered in the capital bucharest to protest at goverment plans to free dozens of officials jailed for corruption. in paris, a man who attacked soldiers with machetes outside the louvre museum has been identified as a 29—year—old egyptian. he arrived in france injanuary. for a fourth night hundreds of thousands of romanians have gathered in the capital bucharest to protest at goverment plans to free dozens of officials jailed for corruption. now it's time for witness.
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