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tv   Our World  BBC News  February 12, 2017 3:30am-4:01am GMT

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the south korean military says north korea has fired a missile into the sea of japan. the type of missile has not been identified. it is the first such test since president trump took office, and it comes as the japanese prime minister visits the us. a white house official says president trump has been briefed. the us president, donald trump, has told reporters he could bring forward a new executive order to replace a proposed travel ban suspended by the courts. it banned entry to citizens of seven mainly—muslim nations. in a tweet, he also said the american legal system is broken. clashes in the iraqi capital, baghdad, have left at least five people dead. the trouble broke out between the security forces and supporters of the shia—muslim cleric muqtada al—sadr. tens of thousands of demonstrators at the rally denounced government corruption and demanded electoral reform. let's take a quick look at what has been making headlines on the front pages of some of the first editions of the sunday papers. we start with the observer, which leads on a fresh row
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in the church of england about its stance over gay relationships. the paper says a group of leading retired bishops have voiced concerns about the marginalisation of lgbt members. the sunday times focusses on the potential troubles facing the labour party. leaked documents apparently show that some members on the left of the party are planning for a successor tojeremy corbyn, as labour faces meltdown under his leadership. the independent is warning that there might be a surge in hate crimes once article 50 is triggered. the paper says police forces are ramping up intelligence—gathering, and putting protection in place for vulnerable communities. and the sunday express reports that president trump is planning to stage a stadium rally when he visits the uk. the paper says he will snub parliament and speak to the people. all the proceeds will go to the poppy appeal. now on bbc news, it is
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time for our world. rhinos are one of the most endangered species in the world. but how far should we go to protect them? we are inside india's kaziranga national park to discover its dark secret. when we see any people at night—time, we're ordered to question them. authorities are evicting villagers. there is nojury, no judge, no questioning. it is alleged that there has been killing, maiming and torture. there is no question that rhinos should be protected, but at what cost? this is the inside story of the kaziranga national park, and those killed in
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the name of conservation. this is one of the greatest wildlife reserves on earth. the home to two thirds of the world's population of indian rhinos. have a look at this. what a magnificent animal. they look just incredible, don't they? they look like tanks with those great folds of grey skin like armour plating. but actually, they are much more
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vulnerable than they look. the park is a huge attraction for tourists and wildlife enthusiasts. david attenborough's team came here for a documentary. the duke and duchess of cambridge visited last year on their first tourof india. this is an incredible story of conservation success. there were only a handful of rhinos left when the park was set up a century ago. now, there are more than 2a00. but kaziranga's success has a dark side. this is the story they don't tell you on the glossy wildlife documentaries, and tourists like william and kate
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never hear about. so, what is kaziranga's untold secret? tourists have gone, the park is closed and i have been invited on a night patrol. walking the forest in the dark is a dangerous business. what are you looking for? some animals might be sitting here, they might attack us. there is a rhino just next to you! he's looking at us. the park is huge, more than 400 kilometres square, and there are around 1200 park guards. it looks like this fellow had been in a scrap with another rhino. luckily, he was in no mood to charge us. the guards are here to protect him from the most vicious predator there is, man.
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and for that, they have been given extraordinary powers. when you see poachers or hunters, you start hunting them. you shoot them? yes. and you have orders to do that? yes. we are allowed to shoot them, whenever you see there are poachers or people doing night things, we are ordered to shoot them. this man has shot suspected poachers twice in his four years as a guard, but has never killed anyone. he knows there are unlikely to be any consequences if he did. lawyers say the powers he has a similar to those given to armed forces policing unrest. we used to sit here all night. the park says these powers are essential to fight poaching. but the discretion to shoot and kill is a huge responsibility that could so easily be abused.
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when i meet the director of the park, he gives me the official line on what critics call the park's shoot on sight policy. first, we have to question who they are, to certify them. then we can shoot them. first we must understand who they are. who the others are in the gang. how many people have been killed in the last five years? i have the figures of how many poachers have been killed. in 2015, 23 poachers were killed. in 2014, 22 poachers were killed. 50 people killed in the last three years, that is quite a lot? these are the people
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doing the poaching. thinking about the price of rhino horn... we have a lot of problems. around 300 plus suspected poachers live here. kaziranga is the only park in india which uses these powers. but there are plans to roll them out elsewhere. that was really interesting. what surprises me is just how many people have been killed in the park. 50 people in the last three years. that seems like a lot of people. let's cross live to mara largo,
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whetherjapanese let's cross live to mara largo, whether japanese politicians shinzo abe and old trump are giving a joint press c0 nfe re nce . abe and old trump are giving a joint press conference. the missile launches absolutely intolerable. —— launches absolutely intolerable. —— launch is. north korea must fully comply with the relevant un security council resolutions. during the summit meeting that i had with president trump, he assured me that the united states will always backed
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japan, 100%. and to demonstrate his determination as well as commitments, he is now here with me at thisjoint press commitments, he is now here with me at this joint press conference. president trump and i myself com pletely president trump and i myself completely share the view that we are going to promote further collaboration between the two nations, and also we are going to further reinforce our allies. thank you very much, mr prime minister. i just want everybody to understand and fully know that the united states of america stands behind japan, its great ally, 100%. thank you. so that was a joint press
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conference they are. a very brief press c0 nfe re nce conference they are. a very brief press conference given by the japanese prime minister, shinzo abe, and the us president, donald trump. shinzo abe said that north korea must comply with the relevant security council resolutions. a reference to that missile test that we have been reporting in the last few hours. shinzo abe also said that, during the summit meeting with president trump, he said that president trump, he said that president trump, he said that president trump had reassured him that the us stance with japan, 100%. that echoing those comments earlier during the visit that president
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trump made, saying that he believed the alliance between the us and japan was the cornerstone of peace in the asia—pacific region. after shinzo abe finished speaking, he gave way, and president trump took to the podium, and very briefly, he basically made one point, and said the us stance behind japan, its great ally, 100%. the two meant speaking at mara —— mar—a—lago, the retreat in florida after president trump had hosted shinzo abe in the white house. a lot of talk about strengthening economic and trade relations between the two countries, not of course the reference to that missile test by north korea was to be expected. you are watching bbc news. we can rejoin the programme, 0ur
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world. the path to the shop runs alongside the national park. translation: when i got to him, he was crying. i rushed to him. he was lying in a pool of blood. what is the condition of the wound now? translation: they took muscle and grafted it here, but has not worked well. just look at it. he has changed. he is to be cheerful, but he is not any more. he wakes up in pain in the night and cries for his mother. six months on, and akash orang can still barely walk. now his brother has to carry him to school. the park says it was a terrible mistake. it paid akash orang's medical expenses and $3000 compensation. there was a huge outcry.
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hundreds protested that the park does not do enough to control the guards. they say the deaths are often not investigated and victims are not identified. their bodies were found inside a national park and the forest department claims they were poachers, so they we re claims they were poachers, so they were found inside the national park and then they botched off their hands from those issues and never bothered to look back into it. this amount of impunity is dangerous because it is creating animosity between the national park and the people living there. these guards are preparing an ambush in the park. they said it was too dangerous for us tojoin them. the park explain the high death toll saying the poachers die in shootouts with guards. firm figures are hard to come by, but according to the reports we can find, just one park guard has
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been killed by poachers in the last 20 years. compared to the 106 people shot dead by guards over the same period. the park is being run with utmost brutality. these area "extrajudicial" executions. nojury, judge, questioning. people are being killed in these encounters, and these are notjust poachers, they're also local, tribal people, and the terrifying thing is that there are plans to roll out this shoot on sight policy across the whole of india. three months on, and local people are protesting outside the park headquarters, yet again. this time, the allegation is torture. they bring the victim in a push cart. he was picked up in the park by guards and accused of smuggling
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bullets for a poaching gang. he says the questioning was aggressive — very aggressive. and with your hands tied here, and your legs tied here? translation: they gave me an electric shock here on my knees, and here on my elbows. and here, on my groin, too. they kept on hitting me. i was tied up, so every time they hit me, i fell over. the officer said "keep torturing him, then he will speak the truth." i kept on telling them that i was not a poacher, so they kept hitting me. he says that the ordeal lasted for three hours, until finally his interrogators became convinced they had the wrong man. park officials called his village head man to pick him up. translation: what the park did is unacceptable.
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they had no evidence that he was a poacher. how can they justify torture? if we discovered that he is involved in poaching, we would bring him to the park and expect him to be punished, even killed. but what they did was outrageous. kaziranga says it did bring the man in for questioning, but categorically denies any harm came to him, adding it never uses electric shock during interrogation. but, again, local people are saying it is evidence their rights are being trampled by the park and say activists, some of the world's biggest wildlife charities, are turning a blind eye. for example, the wwf describes itself as a close partner of the assam forest department. they are carrying out these
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extrajudicial executions on a massive scale. they are — they have been providing equipment to the assam forest department, and survivors have repeatedly asked them to speak out against the shoot—on—sight policy, and the executions, which they have so far failed to do. but what would you use nightvision goggles for in anti—poaching? to monitor what is happening. and also to monitor if there are any people moving deep inside the park. it is quite likely those goggles have been used to target people who have subsequently been killed. i wonder how wwf feels about providing equipment to a park killing that many people.
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we have not come across any incident where the park has said the goggles were used for spotting people. would they report that to you? the thing is, nobody is comfortable with killing people. but what is needed is ongoing protection. the poaching has to stop. the illegal trade has to stop? yes, it needs to stop. but shouldn't wwf speak out? because obviously mostly wwf is funded by individual donation. what do you think donors would feel about wwf‘s involvement with a park which is involved with killing dozens and dozens of people, maiming people, and other allegations of torturing people? as they say, we are working towards it. we want the whole thing to reduce. we don't want poaching to happen and the idea is to reduce it. it is notjust kaziranga,
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but also the enforcement agencies. i think the main thing is to work with them. and the bad news is it is notjust the anti—poaching asset that —— effort that threatens local people. you can see tigers in kaziranga, but they are extremely elusive. it's easier in semi—arid rajasthan. they think they have seen a tiger down by the lake, here. we are going to try and find it, now. hold on tight! go, go, go! god! that is a brilliant sight. incredibl! a brilliant view of a tiger. you can still see it. god, that was amazing.
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what a majestic animal. and it seemed utterly unconcerned about us. 100 years ago, there were about 100,000 tigers in the world. now, there are less than 4000. but the good news is numbers are rising. and success has brought new challenges. big, wild animals like tigers and rhinos need lots of space. to accommodate them, india is planning a massive expansion of its network of national parks. it is great news for conservation, but the plans involve more than 200,000 people being moved from their homes. and once again, kaziranga is on the frontline. the park wants to double in size, and an eviction order has been issued.
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the problem is, the villagers do not want to move. the first evictions happened in september. the police move in to clear the crowd. scenes like this could be repeated across india as part attempt —— parks attempt to follow kaziranga's example and expand. the crowd starts throwing stones. the police respond first with teargas, then with live rounds. two people were killed. translation: i have no-one. my husband was the only person i had. i wanted to take his body,
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but they beat me up, and would not allow me to take his body, so i had to leave it. then they brought in diggers to destroy buildings. and the national park provided a team of elephants that slowly and deliberately went through the village, knocking down every home. this is all that is left. india's wildlife reserves are sanctuaries for its most revered species. but it is in danger of testing the faith of local communities. we requested interviews from india's environment minister,
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the minister of the environment for assam, the head of the body that runs india's national parks, the chief forest officer from assam, and for another interview with the head of kaziranga. none were available to speak to us. we have heard how important it is to work with local communities. of course, endangered species need conserving, but is kaziranga's approach to conservation putting it above a welfare of the people that we have told our best placed to protect it? most of the snow that we've seen
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build up so far over the last 2a hours has been over high ground. for example, near the pennines and west yorkshire, near leeds, a good covering of snow in the last 2a hours. thanks to our weather watcher for sending that picture. generally a fine line between rain and snow. a lot of what you can see on the charts at the moment is rain coming in, but there is the prospect of seeing a centimetre or two of snow maybe in east anglia and maybe across the hills of central southern england through the night. the chilterns and downs at risk of seeing that. for most of us it will be another grey, cloudy and cold start to the day, quite damp too, with outbreaks of rain
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at lower levels. across the pennines there will be ongoing heavy snow through sunday morning. we could see up to ten centimetres of snow above 300 metres elevation. so quite high up in the pennines, but there is the potential to see some disruptive weather. further west a lot of cloud around. yes, we will have patches of rain. into the hills of east wales it's more likely we will see a bit of snow here. but for west wales it's a largely dry start, perhaps with a few glimmers of brightness. starting off cloudy, perhaps with patchy of rain, sleet over the hills. through the rest of sunday it stays grey and gloomy. the cold wind with us again. temperatures really struggling. the snowiest weather is continuing to affect the pennines, but elsewhere there will tend to be a transition from snow back to rain as we go into the afternoon. the temperature just begin to rise a little bit. highs reaching between 4—6, but feeling colder than that due to the strength of the east, north—easterly winds. rugby union takes
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place again on sunday. the match between france and scotland probably dry. temperatures about seven degrees, so it should be warmer in france than it is here in the uk. things will get a little bit milder over the next few days, as the wind switches more to a south—easterly direction. the winds won't be as cold. so overnight sunday night the temperatures not as low for most of us, 3—4 typically for england and wales. still cold enough for a sharp frost in northern scotland. perhaps down to minus five, minus seven here. monday will be especially windy around some of our western coasts and hills. something to watch out for. but there should be more sunshine across england and wales. temperatures climbing, but still feeling cold in that easterly wind. further north, grey and gloomy, with patches of rain and drizzle. the trend is that things will turn milder towards the middle part of the week, as we lose the easterly winds. temperatures in london hit 12 by wednesday. welcome to bbc news, broadcasting at home and around the globe.
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i'm ben bland. our top stories: the south korean defence ministry says north korea has fired a missile into the sea of japan. japan's prime minister says the launch is absolutely intolerable. north korea has test fired another ballistic missile. its first since donald trump became us president. it was launched from an airbase and flew 500 kilometres
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