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tv   Inside Out  BBC News  February 12, 2017 4:30pm-5:00pm GMT

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about whether we may thought about whether we may get any surprises tonight, jason? will it all be about lala land?” surprises tonight, jason? will it all be about lala land? i love it so it wouldn't upset me. we could have a surprise. moonlight seems to me to be the one that could trip lala land up. it is charming. it has a bit more heft to add. —— it. lala land was great fun but what does it mean? it is quite la focused. will it go with the bafta voters? there are chances. i'd be surprised but that's what awards are all about. lorraine, what should we be looking out for on the red carpet, apart from thermal, frankly, tonight? well, it is the highlight for fashion from thermal, frankly, tonight? well, it is the highlight for fashion for the year. very exciting. a lot of yellow and pink and we have seen it already at some of the award ceremonies. there is a lot of
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off—the—shoulder which will be interesting as it is cold and a long walk down the carpet but a big night for the design houses to dress the a—listers. for the design houses to dress the a-listers. and emphasis on british? we would hope so, some of the big british designers, stella, burberry and the duchess of cambridge, everyone's eyes will be on what she will be wearing. thank you very much. we'll have much more for you in the cogne hour. thank you very much for now. and as you will have gathered, plenty more from here. just a reminder that our special programme begins here tonight at 5.15, live from our new venue, the royal albert hall in london. jason and lorraine will be with me, throughout and we'll see who indeed dances away with those awards. so much from here after 5, now here on bbc new, it's time for inside out. hello there. i'm matthew wright. you're watching inside out. here's what's coming
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up on tonight's show. does having a muslim name damage your chances in thejob market? in their minds, they have a link between islam and terrorism. maybe that's playing a role behind why they look at a muslim name and think that this is somebody i don't want to employ. how the brexit vote is making it tougher to find the european nurses the nhs needs. the nhs is already gravely understaffed. so if you take away the eu nurses, it will be mayhem. it will be chaos. and the american crayfish invading the capital's waterways. it was recognised that these american crayfish, that they thought were immune to the crayfish plague, carried it. and that will kill any non—american crayfish within two to three weeks. president trump's travel orders against seven muslim majority countries have put religious discrimination right at the top of the news agenda. now discrimination can come in many
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forms, both blatant and subtle. and inside out has been investigating whether an under representation of british muslims in top professional roles is as a result of discrimination in the jobs market. we've conducted our own exclusive research, and caroline wyatt has the story. i'm in betweenjobs at the moment. it's quite clear that it's not my qualifications or skill set that is the issue. it is my religion. in their minds they have a link between islam and terrorism. maybe that's playing a role behind why they look at a muslim name and think that this is somebody i don't want to employ. i am truly thinking of going down the lines of changing my name. maybe changing my name will get the focus off my religion. can your name or your religion hurt your search for a job? it's a topic of debate among many muslims here in the uk, and with good reason.
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according to a report, backed by mps, muslims are three times more likely to be unemployed than anyone else. so, assumptions are based on your race. diversity coach, sneha, works with hundreds of recruitment officers every year. she claims some officers who attended her previous courses have admitted to routinely rejecting applicants with muslim or foreign sounding names. they've said to me, off the record, that when organisations do contact them, they have said, "please don't send us any foreign names." and when i questioned them, and said, "are you colluding with them in not sending names that are unusual or foreign names?", the recruitment consultants have said, "well, we need business, and what's the point of sending them cvs and applications when they are just going to be returned?" are muslim applicants at a disadvantage? are their cvs more likely to be rejected?
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to find out, we're going to undertake an experiment. if we're talking about managerial jobs, discrimination testing at a managerial level, then it's really a cv or an application that starts the process. we've teamed up with one of the uk's most renowned social scientists to help with the methodology of our experiment to ensure its accuracy. what we have done here is to create two cvs that are more or less identical, but give them two different names. so adam, in one case, we have here, and muhammad, in another. so aside from their very different names, ourtwojob—seekers are virtually indistinguishable. both have obtained degrees in business from top ranking universities. and both have previously worked as trainee managers. they will each be submitting applications for exactly the same 100 vacancies in the highly competitive field of advertising sales. later, we'll find out
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how they're doing. i have lived here for five years. like many muslim women in tower hamlets, this woman attends classes to help improve her english. lessons like this are taking place across the capital after government research suggested poor language skills were to blame for high levels of unemployment among britain's islamic communities. but even muslims who speak impeccable english can struggle to find work. ahmed, who doesn't want to be identified, is a building contractor. he says he is speaking from experience following a disturbing incident with a potential employer. he mentioned that he was actually recruiting someone for a managerial position. it would involve travelling to china, japan. it was probably my dream job, i would say. a few days later, ahmed received
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a text message from the man who had requested his cv. i was actually excited. wow, this could be yes for me. until i opened the text. "my previous dislike of islam has now hardened. into real hate. that false and decadent religion now threatens our own societies." i actually felt threatened. this person, with so much hatred, has got my address. he could do something to my family. muslim men, such as ahmed, are 76% less likely to be employed than their white christian counterparts. growing numbers claim they're barred from the workforce due to prejudice. there is a perception of muslim employees being considered to be disloyal, considered to be political. their appearances sometimes are read as them being fundamentalist. nabilla is a barrister who represents muslims taking legal action against employers. she believes that prejudice against muslims in the job market
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has escalated dramatically over the last 15 years. every time that there is a terrorist incident, what you'll see is that there is a growth in mistreatment of employees. there have been a spate of these kind of cases since 7/7. in britain there is a well—established tradition of many muslims and asians modifying their names in order to improve their chances in thejob market. some muslims have even been forced by their bosses to adopt more english sounding names. i had a studentjob where the employer looked at my name and said, "oh, that won't do." he said, "introduce yourself as terry miles", or some name like that. and i was very unhappy to do so. my old boss used to call me joseph instead of yogesh. and i kept saying, "no, it's yogesh." and he said, "do you have a middle name?" and i said, "yeah, it's krishan." but he couldn't pronounce that,
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so in the end he called me chris. krishan is the director for quality at a leading pharmaceutical company. it's taken in decades to reach this senior role. i entered the job market in the 80s. i put my cv in and was disappointed i got rejection letters. someone suggested, why don't you, you know, put a very english name in with your cv and your name, and see who they might offer thejob to? so i had my name, yogesh krishan. i had john smith. john smith got the interview. i got rejected for interview. it's three months since our job—seekers each applied for the same 100 vacancies. so, how have they done? adam here got 12 positive responses and four enquiries from headhunters. mohamed only got four positive responses and two enquiries from headhunters. what we've identified very clearly
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is that the muslim sounding person's cv is only likely to get them an interview in one out of three cases, where and anglo—saxon name would get a response, a positive response. our research is based on a small sample of responses, but it does indicate a pattern of prejudice against muslims in the uk workforce. some organisations are trialling name blind cvs, which stop recruitment officers making unfair judgments. but this unemployed chartered surveyor, khalil ur rahman, believes their effect is limited. i've seen many people who are less skilled than me, but have risen up into more senior management positions much faster and much quicker, more because their face fits than an application from a candidate like myself. at that early stage, sometimes they don't reveal the name of the person,
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but clearly when you walk into an interview, it's quite apparent that you're not going to be john smith. high levels of joblessness are having a devastating effect on muslim communities across the capital. more than half of muslim households live in poverty, higher than any other social group. changing this will require equal access to employment. caroline wyatt reporting. still to come on tonight's show: my best customers are the otters at the zoo. absolutely every single week, crayfish, we want crayfish, where are the crayfish? while mps have been thrashing out a bill to trigger the countdown to brexit, there are some sectors where the effects of last summer's referendum are already being keenly felt.
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that's certainly the case for the nhs, which is heavily dependent on eu nurses, especially here the capital. there are now urgent calls for the government to clarify the status of these workers to protect front line services. we meet some absolutely fantastic people who are anxious, who come here because they do want to do a really good job to a very high standard. and what they want is clarity, like we all do. to sell the nhs to eu nurses is much harder than it was prior to the brexit referendum. the nhs is already really, really gravely understaffed. so if you take away the eu nurses, the eu doctors, it will be mayhem, it will be chaos. rene completed his medical training back in his native austria.
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he's now working as a senior staff nurse at great 0rmond street. ashan is a six—month, long—term ventilated patient. he has had six surgeries already. he was really sick at the beginning. but he's smiling all the time. he's getting really, really good. i came here in december 2015 and i've been working here since then. i've always wanted to gain international experience and improve my skills. and for me the nhs means always excellence and high standards. i think your dressing has been changed also, right? last summer's vote in favour of brexit means the future status of nurses like rene is currently uncertain. they may lose theirjobs and be forced to leave the uk. the situation is still unclear. we have a lot of nurses from abroad, like from spain
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and italy and portugal. it's a big impact for the nhs if we have to leave. and i do hope there will be a chance to stay here. cuts to training budgets and a shortage of home—grown nurses wanting to work for the nhs, mean that many hospitals rely heavily on eu nurses like rene. we haven't got enough nurses within the uk to fill our vacancies. and currently we do need people who want to come and work and live in the uk. and when you look at the figures, which are incredibly high, it'513% of the nurses working in london have been recruited from europe. that is a lot. that is 7,000 individuals that are currently supporting our families and our people with their care. obviously that is a big impact if they were not to be here. so we are going to listen from here. i grew up in a world
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in the european union, in which there was no question about, will i be welcome in another state? ijust go. ican. it's my right. italian nurse serena is in herfinal year of training at london south bank university. she may also be forced to leave the uk after brexit. i was quite shocked by the brexit vote. i never expected a result like this. i felt a bit betrayed, because these are people that we look after, so they can see the level of care they provide. they can see how we work, and to think that they actually prefer not us to be there, it was a bit of a shock. serena believes that brexit is going to throw up numerous obstacles for eu nurses wanting to work here. i think there is going to be, first of all, a psychological impact on nurses wanting to come here,
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and then there's the practicalities. would they need a visa? they might say no, you can't stay here unless you have a certain minimal income. what if they lose theirjob for whatever reason? do they — i don't know, do they need to be deported? currently recruiting nurses from the eu is relatively straightforward, because a european directive ensures that training standards are the same across all the member states. post—brexit, though, this is likely to change. if we do have to treat those coming from spain, italy, france, on the same footing as those coming from canada, the states, the philippines, it will probably take longer. but for the companies who have been recruiting european nurses for the nhs, it's already started to dry up. at tfs we have seen
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approximately a 20% reduction. to sell the nhs to eu nurses, it's much harder than it was prior to the brexit referendum. they're scared of giving up everything within their homes, effectively, moving across to the uk, and not feeling valued, and feeling like it might not be a permanent opportunity any more. last time i was in spain, i was approached by a nurse that said, well, would i be even welcome in england? which is such a shame. in fact, new figures have revealed while over 1,300 nurses from the eu registered to work in britain last july, in december that figure had fallen tojust over 100. among the eu nurses already employed here, only those who have worked long enough to qualify for residency have been able to achieve
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a degree ofjob security. i apply for a permanent residence, and i got the results in december last year and for now, until — now i can actually work, work here and stay in the uk. so did the doctor see you today? ishmalia completed her nursing degree in portugal in 2009. since then, she's worked for a london hospital trust, supervising stroke patients. that's why you're having problems with your right hand, because the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body. if i would stay in portugal i wouldn't be a clinical nurse specialist seven years after i qualified. i think that the nhs invests in their staff, in healthcare professionals, in a way my country doesn't. so we think your stroke is on the left side of the brain. but there are many eu nurses working here who, unlike ishmalia, might not
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have the option of staying. concerns about the potential damage brexit could do to the nursing pipeline are being put to the government by the cavendish coalition — an umbrella group of 33 different health organisations, including nhs employers. what the cavendish coalition is asking for for eu nationals who are working in health and social care now, is they are granted indefinite leave to remain, so they are clear that they have a real commitment from this country to them being part of our population and part of our social care and health provision, beyond us leaving the european union. we contacted the department of health, who told us that: for london's 7,000 eu nurses, official assurances can't come soon enough. i'd certainly want to see
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the government clarifying the position of eu workers. they know perfectly the nhs cannot cope without us. they have to do it, because without us the nhs would just collapse. it's great so many of our rivers and canals here in the capital are a lot cleaner than they used to be, and that wildlife is thriving once again. however, there is one resident of our waterways that's been making itself very unwelcome indeed. we sent nigel barden to find out more about the invasion of the american crayfish. this could be the mississippi delta, but it's only 20 miles from the centre of london. dusk is the perfect time to set your crayfish trap. here on this lake near ware, fisherman tony vessey is looking forward to a good catch. we use a bait, preferably mackerel
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anything that's a fishy, oily smell, and we just place that out in the water, make sure the zip's closed and we leave them in there for approximately 24—48—hours. and they clamber in and can't get out. yes, they can go in but they can't get back out. on a good catch that would be something between 120 and 150 kilos. wow. that's a lot of crayfish. crayfish are very tasty, and crayfish gumbo's a fantastic dish. 0ur rivers, canals and water ways in london are chock full of them. but this isn't a great story about food right on our doorsteps. it's bad news, because these are invaders, and they've nearly killed off all our native species. but how did they get here in the first place? they were introduced for fishery business, to export to scandinavia, back in 1976, and they were put
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into various quarries and fisheries around, generallyjust outside of london and further, and of course they breed and they've got legs and they can get out of the lakes and things like that, which they did, and spread around. very soon after they were introduced, it was recognised at last that these american crayfish that they thought were immune to the crayfish plague carried it, and that will kill any non—american crayfish within about two or three weeks. and kill them it did. 0ur waterways are now full of these invaders. the river lea is teeming with them, and they have become a big environment problem, as local fishermen have witnessed. they can damage the environment, they can burrow into the banks, they can clear natural vegetation which is on the water, which fish and other water invertebrates rely on. they will eat fish eggs, which stops further populations
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of fish coming through, and occasionally they can actually catch and eat small fish as well. bob ring believes the answer is to trap them and eat them. so he started an organisation called crayaway, where he buys them from trappers and sells them on. crayaway i set up as the sort of pest control side of things initially, with the idea of trying to get rid of as many crayfish as possible. it seemed not much was being done about it. i will do my various events, so if i do a crawfish boil, it's a great party and everything, but we'll get through over 100 kilo in an evening for one of those events. so we do a few of those a year, they add up. glastonbury festival, get through probably getting on for quarter of a tonne. my best customers are the otters at the zoo. absolutely every single week "crayfish, we want crayfish, where's our crayfish?" the crayfish you supply to the otters at london zoo,
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where are they from? there is a lot of crayfish in the 0xfordshire, berkshire area, gloucestershire, hampshire, wiltshire, hertfordshire. i've got boats up on the thames up in 0xfordshire. quite a lot within the m25 but i'm not allowed to get anywhere near them. trapping these pests seems to be a piece of cake. so if we have so many of them in london, why can bob trap them in the shires, but he's not allowed anywhere near them here? many of the capital's waterways are managed by the canal and rive trust. and although they put the non—native crayfish right near the top of their rogues' gallery, they almost always refuse to let people trap them commercially. 0lder large crayfish will eat younger crayfish as well. if you put down traps, even on a quite intensive basis, you're more likely to get the older
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crayfish within the population, and it reallyjust means they won't be there to keep the numbers down on the younger ones, and the actual population can just explode. the other thing is the methods used for trapping crayfish, so we have these what are called pots, the little crayfish traps, but they will catch other things as well, and we have had a number of incidents on our network over recent years, where otters and birds have got caught in that. you find lots of illegal traps and this is one we found literally just a few hundred yards from where we're standing now. what you can find is creatures, specifically otters, would be able to enter into the trap, looking for the bait which is placed there to attract the crayfish, but once an otter would get into it, it would find it extremely difficult to get out and of course this is submerged under the water
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and therefore the otter is going to drown. the canal and river trust are aware most commercial trappers use safe and legal nets, and they really do want both the crayfish and the illegal trappers out of our waterways. so they haven't closed the door forever on allowing mass trapping in london. the trials going on on intensive trapping, to try its effectiveness, are being carried on at the moment. if the results show it can be done, we would certainly look into working with them on the problem, because we have several reasons for not doing it, but so far we've found very little else that actually does work, so we've got to find some way to tackle invasive species and help the native crayfish. maybe one way of helping the native crayfish back could be to stop
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thinking of these american invaders as pests, but like the otters, think of them as a delicious meal. i have to say, the crayfish looked really tasty, and the otters certainly seem to agree. but that's all for this week's inside out. if you've missed any of tonight's show that you'd like to catch up on the iplayer then head to our website. the address is and then just click on london. and if you have a story about name discriminination you think we should know about, drop us a line. thanks very much for watching. see you again soon. well, i make no bones about it. it's been an awful day across many parts of the country. cold and bleak and raw with some rain and snow. i've
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got reasons to be cheerful in the outlook, in that it'll turn milder but not tonight. it'll stay chilly with the brisky wind. most of the snow will fade away from the pennines but still dribs and drabs across northern areas. drierfurther south with clearer skies sneaking into southern counties. not into southern counties. n ot exa ctly into southern counties. not exactly warm, but not as cold as recent nights. a change to the working week. a transformation across southern counties, replacing the gloom with blue skies andshine, beautiful. the further north, it'll stay grey in areas: very strong winds out west. perhaps not feeling as warm as the numbers suggest. but we are heading in the right direction. although with the cloud across the north—east, it will stay cloudy. that's the message over the next few days, it is going to slowly turn milder. this is bbc news. the headlines at 5.00pm. president trump says he'll
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strengthen links with allies in the pacific region following north korea's latest missile launch. the commons speaker, john bercow, insists he's impartial — no matter how he voted in the eu referendum. labour's deputy leader, tom watson, denies the party has been considering possible successors tojeremy corbyn. a group of retired bishops accuses the church of england leaders of suppressing the views of gay christians. also in the next hour — hollywood's biggest names are flying into london for this year's bafta film awards. and i hope they are wrapped up well. join me,jane and i hope they are wrapped up well. join me, jane hill, live at the royal albert hall for the biggest night in british film,
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