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tv   BBC News  BBC News  July 28, 2017 5:00am-5:31am BST

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this is bbc news. i'm james menendez. our top stories: the world's worst humanitarian crisis deepens. yemen's war leaves millions on the brink of famine. now disease threatens many more. many in yemen are dying needlessly because they cannot get the most basic treatment. after more than two years of war, half the health facilities in the country are not functioning. the us orders the families of its embassy staff to leave venezuela ahead of sunday's controversial election. critics say the country is sliding towards dictatorship. check this — this is our life. inside a refugee camp on the greek island of lesbos. an exclusive report on the thousands of vulnerable people left to cope in deteriorating conditions. and i'm rachel horne. in business news — king for a day!
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amazon founderjeff bezos briefly becomes the world's richest man but wall street nerves about the company's massive spending push him back down to number two. plus, making america grow again. will the latest figures on the us economy bring president trump closer to his 3% target? hello and welcome to the programme. war has been raging for two years inside yemen with devastating consequences for its people. the un is calling it the world's worst humanitarian crisis, with the country on the brink of famine. cholera has swept through yemen with nearly 2,000 deaths since the outbreak began in april. access for international journalists is very rare but our middle east correspondent, 0rla guerin, with her producer nicola careem and cameraman nico hameon have got in. they've sent this report from aden — and a warning, there are distressing images throughout.
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we cross the red sea to reach yemen, past the sunken wreckage of a hidden war. this was the only way to the port city of aden. the saudi—led coalition, bombing the country, grounded the un plane due to fly us in. this is the kind of suffering they don't want the world to see. rassam is 11. he is one of many children wasting away across the country. since the war, malnutrition rates have soared. hunger is menacing this nation, from the very old to the very young. like hussain. his mother showed us how he fights for every breath. the united nations says an entire generation is being starved
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and crippled, and famine is looming. in a ward nearby, another threat — a desperate rush to save abdullah mohammed salem, who came in with no pulse. they tried to squeeze fluid and life back into his veins. he's one victim of an epidemic ravaging yemen — cholera — and it's the worst outbreak in the world. there is now a perfect breeding ground for disease because sanitation services have broken down. abdullah‘s son, ahmed, has a message for those in power who are busy waging war. "deal with the sewage", he says, "and clean the streets". "mosquitoes and flies are everywhere, causing illness. "we are demanding that everyone
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who claims to be our leader should just care about the people." instead, they are dying of cholera at the rate of about one every hour. another outcome of a brutal conflict. this hospital alone receives about 100 new cholera cases every day. those who get help recover quickly, within hours, but many in yemen are dying needlessly because they can't get the most basic treatment. after more than two years of war, half of the health facilities in the country are not functioning. like much else in the arab world's poorest nation, in these streets, scars of battle. the presidential guard man the checkpoints in aden, but the yemeni president is seldom seen. he was forced to flee by the houthi rebels — that's when his allies,
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the saudis, stepped in. their bombing campaign has not restored his authority. but it has destroyed hospitals, schools and homes, like that of this family. their house was hit by two air strikes as the coalition targeted houthi fighters nearby. senaad tells us two years on, the extended family of 30 are among the forgotten victims of this war. some of the family still live right here in the ruins, with no help, they say, except from god. but civilians here have been under fire from both sides. we met this woman and her children waiting forfood aid. 10—year—old imad used to love football, before he was hit by a houthi shell. "i brought the kids into the house",
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she told us, "and asked them to stay inside. "they went into the living room and that's when they were hit. "he lost both legs immediately." since then, she says, imad and her other children have never been the same. they have deep psychological wounds, as well as physical ones. most of all, it is yemen's children, like io—month—old ahmed, who are paying the price here. the conflict has reached a stalemate. international diplomacy has failed and nowhere in the world are more lives as stake. —— lives at stake. 0rla guerin, bbc news, aden. for much more analysis and detail
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online on the cholera outbreak and the war, just go to our website at or download the bbc news app. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news. reports from nigeria say more than a0 people were killed in an attack by boko haram militants on an oil exploration team near maiduguri. the local university confirmed that some of its staff had been killed. soldiers and members of a local vigilante group also died in the ambush on tuesday. japan's high profile defence minister has resigned over an alleged cover—up involving military documents. tomomi inada announced her resignation at a news conference on friday. she has repeatedly denied claims she helped cover up internal records in south sudan. police in london investigating the grenfell tower fire say there are "reasonable grounds"
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to pursue corporate manslaughter charges. the announcement means that senior executives from kensington and chelsea council and the tenant management organisation running the building are likely to be questioned under caution. at least 80 people died in the fire. iran says it has successfully tested a rocket that can put satellites in orbit. the united states criticised the launch and described it as a provocative action, saying it was an example of iran's continued ballistic missile development. the phoenix rocket was launched from a new space centre in northern iran. donald trump's new communications director has launched a foul—mouthed attack against two of his senior colleagues. anthony scaramucci used obscene language to describe the white house chief of staff reince preibus and chief strategist steve bannon. it's the latest drama to hit mr trump's west wing and suggests change could be on the way. from washington, laura bicker reports. president trump's west wing is at
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war with itself. appointment of the flashy financier anthony scaramucci is the new director of communications has prompted a bitter battle to win the ear of the president. mr scaramucci has indirectly accused his colleague, the white house chief of staff reince preibus of leaking information about the administration. he called a us network show to say that only mr trump could judge whether the tense relationship between the two was repairable. during a white house briefing the press secretary for huckabee sanders said donald trump encouraged healthy competition between his staff. the president like that type of competition and encourages it. however she also refused to answer when asked if the president had confidence in mr reince preibus. tonight with an extraordinary fungal with new yorker magazine, anthony scaramucci described reince preibus as a paranoid schizophrenic. he also took personal aim at the chief strategist
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reince preibus. 0n personal aim at the chief strategist reince preibus. on twitter he said he would refrain from using colourful language but he would not give up the passionate fight for donald trump's agenda. mr scaramucci has been in the west wing forjust one week and he appears to have spent more time launching personal attacks than pushing the president's policies. it may also be forcing the chief of staff and a key republican establishment figure out the door. rachel home is here with all the business news. still making lots of money but their shares are doing well? not banking the profit. we start with retail giant amazon. it has seen its shares fall sharply after its latest figures disappointed wall street. the good news — it is raking in huge sums of money as its sales keep expanding. the bad — it's spending a fortune on developing its business, and that is making investors nervous. let's show you the details. total sales in the three months tojune jumped almost a quarter compared to last year to just under $38 billion. unfortunately, they spent
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almost all of it! operating expenses surged to well over $37 billion. that means there wasn't much actual profit — a comparatively measly $197 million, and down 77% on last year. amazon is investing massively in everything from tv and movie content to new warehouses for the global expansion of its business. like this — the deal it announced last month to buy the supermarket chain whole foods for over $13 billion. amazon has been putting increasing pressure on bricks and mortars retailers in the us. 0ptimism about the company's future has helped to push up amazon's share price. since january, amazon shares have risen by more than 40% to a new record, making the company worth about $500 billion, which has proved very lucrative for this person — the firm's founder, jeff bezos. on thursday, he became the richest person in the world,overtaking microsoft's bill gates.
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but it was a brief reign — as the share price has come down again, he has dropped back into second place. lots more on amazon in world business report. let's stay in the us where in a few hours' time, we get economic growth figures for the three months tojune. it's an important set of numbers for president trump. he has been promising an annual growth rate of 3% or more. but gdp growth in the first quarter — the three months to march — was barely half that at i.4%. and many of the president's economic policies, tax cuts, and stimulus measures look a long way from being passed. a full report in 20 minutes time. don't forget, you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcrachelhorne. see you later. to venezuela now and the mounting political crisis there has prompted the us state department to order family members of its embassy staff in caracas to leave the country. it also warned american citizens against travelling there. venezuela is banning protests that could disturb or affect sunday's
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controversial election for a new constituent assembly. the opposition sees it as a move towards dictatorship. sarah corker reports. in this deeply divided nation, running street battles have become the norm. for the past four months, there have been mass protests over president nicolas maduro's attempts to rewrite the nation's constitution. 0pponents say it is a move towards dictatorship. and this crisis is intensifying. the government has banned protests ahead of a controversial election on sunday. those who defy the ban risk a prison sentence of up to 10 years. rally on friday. translation: we are the majority, we have the international community on
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oui’ have the international community on our site. we are right and we will not give up and that is why the people of venezuela, we assure you we are going to win. despite vast oil reserves, venezuela's economy has collapsed. this week, businesses closed, roads were blockaded, as millions went on a two—day strike. since april, more than 100 people have died in protests. thousands more arrested. president maduro though remains defiant, insisting a new constitution and a new assembly are the only way to bring peace. translation: i propose to the opposition that it abandon the road to insurrection, that it return to the constitution, and that in the coming hours, before the election and the installation of the national constituent assembly, we begin a round table dialogue. but international pressure is mounting. this week, the us imposed sanctions on senior venezuelan officials and, amid escalating violence, some us embassy staff in caracas are preparing to leave. but with the army still loyal
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to the government, president maduro has vowed to defend the socialist revolution at all costs. a new approach to tackling trauma — how cartoon characters are helping children in mexico talk about their problems. cheering the us space agency, nasa, has ordered an investigation after confirmation today that astronauts were cleared to fly while drunk. the last foot patrol in south armagh. once an everyday part of the soldiers' lot, drudgery and danger, now no more after almost four decades. if one is on one's own,
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in a private house, not doing any harm to anyone, i don't really see why people should wander in and say, you're doing something wrong. six rare white lion cubs are on the prowl at worcestershire park and, already, they have been met with a roar of approval from visitors. they're lovely, yeah. really sweet. yeah, they were cute. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: after two years of war, yemen is facing the worst cholera outbreak in history. one person every hour is dying from the disease. the us has ordered the families of its embassy staff to leave venezuela ahead of sunday's controversial vote. critics say the country is sliding towards dictatorship. aid workers on the greek island of lesbos have told the bbc they're dealing with many extremely
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vulnerable refugees who've suffered torture and sexual abuse at the hands of so—called islamic state. the european commission has said they need to be sent to athens for specialist treatment. the bbc‘s europe reporter gavin lee reports from lesbos. life inside this migrant camp in lesbos. ref footage from a place journalists are banned. it shows tents have been replaced by containers, a reflection of europe's waiting room being made more long—term for the 4000 being held on the island. most are destined to return to apply for asylum from there as part of the eu migration plan but as they wait for a legal decision, violence, rioting and fires are becoming routine. the camps are fulland fires are becoming routine. the camps are full and migrants, though smaller in number, are still making it here by boat. the people arriving here in lesbos are different now
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because of the ripple effects of the conflicts in iraq and syria and since islamic state have lost ground many who have arrived in greece have lost attention, women used as sex slaves, some are pregnant, there is little support and it is worsening the problem on an already volatile island. we are very worried, we think we need to improve the healthcare given to these people and if they're vulnerable they need to be recognised as such and many to move somewhere where they can get care. the reality is there isn't this care on the island and they need to move to the main man to it. scars from years of torture, 0sama was once a civilian policeman but caught by rebel groups and salt to is. he said he was regularly beaten and sexually abused by his captors. i have so many marks of torture on my i have so many marks of torture on d. i have so many marks of torture on my body, he tells me, i've been in captivity for three years, one in a room, i've lost my family and my
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wife and i haven't heard anything from them. all this and now i'm in this humiliation for one year. another man from mosul, who doesn't wa nt to another man from mosul, who doesn't want to be identified, tells me he was held hostage by is for more than a year. i've been harmed here, i lost my money, passports, all stolen. before this place my wife spent six months in captivity. she collapsed in the street yesterday. we're not getting any help here. the greek refugee policy is clear that extremely vulnerable migrants should be taken off the island quickly for specialist treatment in athens. so why are they still hear? greek authorities claim they have been overwhelmed by cases and they say some have slipped through the net.|j would like to remind that 30,000 people have come through the island since march, 2016, so there can be individual cases, some individual cases, that may have not have been processed as quickly. for the moment those needing the most help are
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still waiting and with more migrants arriving and the camp increasing, the vulnerable are left to cope in volatile, deteriorating conditions. gavin lee, bbc news, lesbos. two women charged with murdering the half brother of north korean leader kim jong—un have appeared at the malaysian high court for pre—trial hereings. vietnamese dwahn doan thi huong and indonesian siti aisyah are accused of smearing kim jong—nam's face with the vx nerve agent. their trial is due to begin on october second. sport now and england and spain qualified for the quarter—finals of the women's european football championship after the last round of group matches. england beat portugal to book a place in the last eight. they would have beenjoined by scotland if the scots had managed to score another goal in their 1—0 defeat of spain, but instead spain go through. they'll play austria in sunday‘s quarter—finals, with england up against france, a country they've never beaten in a competitive match. we've played them plenty of times now.
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we've played them in big matches, a world cup quarter—final before and other fixtures. you know, we are excited to play them. they have a couple of suspensions, which will be a massive blow to them. we've rested a few players and i'm sure we will be confident on sunday. we're excited to play them. wayne rooney has played his first competitive match for everton since returning to the club from manchester united. rooney started the europa league third qualifying round first leg match against ruzomberock, but didn't score. leighton baines did find the net in the second half though as everton won1—0. the most successful female world championship swimmer picked up another gold. katie ledecky anchored the usa to the women's 4x200m freestyle title to win her fourth gold of the championships. her team trailed until she took the final leg and she pounced with 150m remaining. it was redemption of sorts, just 24 hours after she was beaten into silver in the 200m freestyle.
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herfirst defeat in 13 finals at the worlds. the 20—year—old still has one race left on saturday night when she defends her 800m freestyle crown as the reigning world and olympic champion. a psychologist in mexico has come up with an unusual way of enabling children who are dealing with trauma to open up about their experiences. julia borbolla is getting them to speak to a cartoon alien. her approach is controversial but being applied in schools, jails and women's shelters. richard kenny from the programme bbc world hacks reports. this cartoon character has been helping children in mexico talk about their problems. called antennas, it's operated by a trained psychologist. their creator believes it can
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quickly get to the root of a child's problems. antennas is an alien from another planet, and monopoly, he or she, because it doesn't have a gender, doesn't know anything about life on earth and the first time i use it with a five—year—old girl, she came in and she talked with antennas and said, with whom do you live? i live with my father, my mother, my little brother and a maid. what's a made? a maid is a lady that cleans up and when your pa rents lady that cleans up and when your parents don't see, she hits you. that was the first time. here we are. we save the little boy, come on, talk to antennas and then i go
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all the way around over here and i put my headphones and i start. hello, how are you? also laughing. then talking very sad. so far no academic studies have been done into how effective the cartoons are. now they're being used in public hospitals and the legal system in mexico. another antennas character has been used to get evidence for court cases. it once have convicted a man of his wife's murder. some experts worry that children
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won't always tell the truth to a fa ntasy won't always tell the truth to a fantasy character and currently the antennas are only in mexico but julia wants to see them used all over the world. i have 35 years working as a psychologist and i can't do that report as quick as antennas. richard kenney, bbc news, mexico city. let's remind you of our top story this hour and after two years of war yemen is facing the worst cholera outbreak in history. 0ne yemen is facing the worst cholera outbreak in history. one person every hour is dying from the disease. don't forget you can get in touch with me and some of the team on twitter, i'm @jamesmenendez. stay with us, more headlines coming up stay with us, more headlines coming up injusta stay with us, more headlines coming up injust a couple of minutes
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stay with us, more headlines coming up in just a couple of minutes then it's time for business. don't go away. hello there, good morning. yesterday was a day of sunny spells but also some really sharp showers. this the view from one of our weather watchers midafternoon, some really atrocious weather for a time and here's what it looks like on the radar. showers across all parts of the uk and some of those turned out to be quite heavy and thundery particularly in the afternoon and into the evening. still showers around by dawn across the north and west of the uk with temperatures dipping down to around 12 in glasgow and 13—15 for london and cardiff. showers from early in scotland, northern ireland and northern england. brighter weather for a time in the south—east but cloud in over and showers merging into longer spells of rain in the south and west. in scotland and northern ireland, sunshine and showers on and off through the day, 17 the top
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temperature with a breeze. drier for a time in northern england but this wet weather in the south—west will be gathering. quite windy with that as well. 16 or 17 on the face of it but feeling fresher than that in the wind and rain. 20 in london, increasing amounts of cloud but staying essentially dry. good news at the oval. cloud in overall the while through the day but the rain should off until the early evening. the breeze will blow the rain in from the south—west into the early evening. —— cloud in over all the while. still showers in scotland and northern ireland but in between something drier, 13 or 14 typical to start the day on saturday. the big picture sees low pressure to the north and west. lots of showers here. further south these weather fronts will bring cloud and outbreaks of rain. quite wet towards kent and sussex on saturday. always
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cloudy for the southernmost counties with some rain in the south—west later and drier in northern england and north wales but further showers in scotland and northern ireland and again, 17 to 21 or 22. sunday, low pressure to the north—west and that's where most showers will be. some could be heavy with rumbles of thunder. showers further and you are between but nonetheless there could between but nonetheless there could be some —— fewer and further. some sunshine and also potentially some showers. this is bbc world news. the headlines. aid workers say seven million people in yemen are one step away from famine. two years of war have led to a dire humanitarian situation, made worse by an outbreak of cholera which has affected hundreds of thousands of people. venezuelan president nicolas maduro has banned protests ahead of sunday's controversial election for a new national assembly. 0pposition groups have vowed to defy the ban. they claim the country's sliding towards dictatorship. aid workers on the greek island
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of lesbos have told the bbc they're dealing with many extremely vulnerable refugees who've suffered torture and sexual abuse at the hands of so—called islamic state. reports from nigeria say more than 40 people were killed in an attack by boko haram militants on an oil exploration team near maiduguri. the local university confirmed that some of its staff had been killed.
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