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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  August 16, 2017 1:00pm-1:31pm BST

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for the border between northern ireland and the republic after brexit. a position paper published in the last hour has proposals for avoiding a hard border. as we look forward to brexit, of course we do want to ensure that we don't see a return to the borders of the past, we don't see a return to a hard border, and that we're able to ensure that the crucial flow of goods and people between northern ireland and the republic of ireland is able to continue in the future. we'll have reaction to the proposals from both northern ireland and the republic. also this lunchtime... another wave of criticism for president trump as he goes back to blaming both sides for the violence in charlottesville. you had a group on one side that was bad and you had a group on the other side that was also very violent. and nobody wants to say that, but i'll say it right now. unemployment at its lowest since 1975 — but real wages are falling. rb live on britain's biggest and
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newest warship, the new aircraft carriers, hms queen elizabeth, as she arrives home in the home portsmouth. daniel craig, will you return as james bond? yes. and daniel craig will be backas bond he confirms he'll play 007 one last time. and in the sport on bbc news. celtic are looking to secure their place in the champions league group stages. they host kazakh champions astana in their first leg qualifier tonight. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one. the government says there must be an "unprecedented solution" for the border
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between northern ireland and the republic after brexit. ministers have published their proposals on the future relationship with ireland. they've called for a "seamless" border — so that people and goods can continue to move across freely — protecting the good friday agreement. the irish government says the paper is "timely and helpful", but critics say the plans lack credible detail. our ireland correspondent chris buckler reports. bridges, roads and rivers. there is a political dividing line on the island of ireland. but it is a border that cannot be seen and many want it to stay that way. soft toys and cushions are the latest protest against a hard brexit. they have been placed here between belcoo in northern ireland and blackline in the republic by people who don't want their towns divided by barriers once one is inside the eu and the other is outside. in
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i crossed this border quite easily 15, 20 times a day, moving goods sometimes, sometimes just to manage staff, carry out, meet different people, whatever is involved the in your daily work. if there's any sort of checks that slow that down or anything else, it is definitely going to create a lot of logistical difficulties. customs posts were once a feature of the irish border. but these huts lie derelict now and the british government has made clear it wants them to stay that way. its position paper calls for no new buildings or barriers at the border. and repeats calls for a temporary customs union with the eu. followed by a deal that would avoid the need for customs checks for the billions of pounds in trade carried up and down these roads every year. as we look forward to brexit of course we do want to ensure that we do not see a return to the borders of the past. we do not see a return to a hard border and we are able to ensure that the crucial flow of goods and people between northern ireland and the republic of ireland is able to continue in the future. today's document also
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calls for the protection of the common travel area. which allows people to travel between the uk and ireland without passport control. crossing time today is two hours and 25 minutes. and the government says it has ruled out the idea of a customs border being placed between the islands of ireland and britain as unconstitutional and not economically viable. this position paper repeats phrases that have been used by government ministers countless times in recent months. like "there should be no return to the borders of the past, there "should be a frictionless and seamless border. " but there remain real questions about how that can happen, particularly as some within the eu have described the idea of an invisible border as fantasy. i think it is important to say this, this is welcome today, we have more clarity than we had yesterday in relation to the british government approach towards brexit as it relates to northern ireland and ireland. but there are still
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unanswered questions. and we will be constructive, in terms of trying to find answers to those questions. but we will also be firm. there is a will to find solutions, because tied up with the politics and practicalities are concerns about the potential impact to peace and prosperity at this, what is currently the softest of borders. chris buckler, bbc news. chris morris from our reality check team has been looking in more detail at why the irish border matters so much. big changes when the brexit happens. the uk will suddenly have a major land border with the eu. here it is — between northern ireland and the republic of ireland, running for 310 miles. during the troubles, there were just 20 official border crossings between northern ireland and the republic. the british army shut down, spiked or cratered the rest. but following the good
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friday agreement there's been consierable change. now there are more than 260 public roads that cross the border. the centre for cross border studies has estimated that between 23,000 and 30,000 people cross the border daily for work, while, each month, around 170,000 lorries and 1.85 million cars are recorded crossing the border. which means that, every year, 31% of northern ireland's exports go to the republic, and 27% of its imports come from the republic. so there's a lot at stake. delays could lead to huge costs for business, plus there's the risk of tax evasion, and various types of smuggling — both of goods and people. but above and beyond that there are massive political issues. creating any kind of hard border would be incredibly sensitive politically, and could do serious damage to the peace process. the uk wants an invisible border
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with no physical infrastructure anywhere at all. what's needed on the irish border is unprecedented. and complicated by history. which is why the uk says it's to discuss the irish issue and a future customs relationship at the same time and as soon as possible. chris page is on the irish border at narrow water in county down. so what are the proposed solutions to avoiding a return to a hard border? when it comes to preventing new border checks, there are two issues. 0ne, border checks, there are two issues. one, the movement of people, the other the movement of goods. looking at the government position paper suggests the government thinks the movement of people is easier issue to resolve with lots of common ground already between london, dublin and brussels. the government
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says it must put in place an immigration system after brexit which will still allow people to move freely between the uk and ireland, because they have a range of immigration controls at their disposal, not just of immigration controls at their disposal, notjust checking people as they enter or leave the country but monitoring access to the labour market, so the more difficult issue is set to be customs, how the eu voice customs checks when you have the eu leaving the customs union and republic of ireland staying in. the government outlines two approaches, first, and you customs partnership as they call it with the eu, which means there was no need for any customs checks at also the border continues in its open state at the moment. if that doesn't happen, they say they would like what they call highly streamlined customs arrangement, a culmination of exemptions for some companies and technological solutions. more than 80% of cross—border trade is currently done by small and medium—sized businesses. it is
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proposing that small and medium—size businesses could be exempt from customs arrangements altogether. larger companies could make goods declarations online. what they are what proposing is to have cctv cameras at the border, or set back from it. they think that they'd be too close to a recognition of the ha rd too close to a recognition of the hard borders of the past. donald trump is facing a fresh wave of criticism after he again blamed both sides for the violence in charlottesville, virginia, which left one protester dead and others injured. in a carefully scripted statement on monday, he had condemned white supremacists and far right groups. but yesterday he said left—wing protestors were also to blame. richard galpin has this report. this was the biggest protest by white supremacists, including the ku klux klan, in a decade. it soon turned into a violent confrontation with those opposed to them. and an antiracism campaigner was killed. since then, donald trump whose supporters include members
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of the far right, has caused further outrage. first, arguing both sides were equally responsible for the violence and then just two days later, after coming under pressure, finally condemning the white supremacists. last night at yet another conference, he was asked why he had waited so long. i wanted make sure, unlike most politicians, that what i said was correct. not make a quick statement. the statement i made on saturday, the first statement, was a fine statement. and honestly, if the press were not sick —— fake, and it was honest, the press would have said what i said was very nice but unlike you, excuse me. unlike you and unlike the media, before i make a statement i like to know the facts. the president then repeated his repeated his much—criticised statement that responsibility for the violence in charlottesville also lay with those
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protesting against the far right extremists. i watched those very closely, much more closely than you people watched it. and you have, you had a group on one side that was bad and you had a group on the other side that was also very violent. and nobody wants to say that but i will say it right now. do you think what you call the alt left is the same as neo—nazis? those people, all of those people... excuse me, i have condemned neo—nazis. i have condemned many different groups. but not all of those people were neo—nazis, believe me. not all of those people were white supremacists by any stretch. all this sparking more condemnation. senior republican politician paul ryan tweeted... but from the white supremacists who have been at the protests, a very different response. praise for what the former
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leader of the ku klux klan described as mr trump's honesty and courage to tell the truth about charlottesville. richard galpin, bbc news. gary 0'donoghue is in washington for us. some of the president's fiercest critics from his own republican party? yes, indeed. although it has to be said that whilst there has been some of that on twitter, the morning shows in the us are completely absent of republican voices. cnn told viewers they could getjust one freshman republican house representative to come on, no one else would. there is a certain holding back. when he spoke on monday, we said, how long with this last? would this be the real view of the president and what would happen when he went off piste? it became a slanging match. nothing short of a
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slanging match. nothing short of a slanging match. nothing short of a slanging match between him and the press, because he appeared to draw that moral equivalence between the neo—nazi protesters and those who we re neo—nazi protesters and those who were there, to demonstrate against them. were the fistfights between both sides? yes, there was. there was even some pepper spray between both sides. but what you did not have on the side of those campaigning against the neo—nazis was people marching down the street saying, and this is what they said, marching down the street saying, we will not be replaced by dues. blood and soil, that nazi slogan for the 19305. and soil, that nazi slogan for the 1930s. and they did not have a car driven into protesters, killing one young woman. the problem is that the president appears to be drawn equivalence between all that happening on one side and those who we re happening on one side and those who were there to disagree with them. at least 600 people are still believed to be missing after a mudslide engulfed dozens of homes on the outskirts of the capital of sierra leone, freetown. the country's president has declared
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seven days of mourning and said entire communities have been wiped out. the united nations is preparing to deal with the outbreak of diseases such as cholera and typhoid. martin patience sent this update from freetown. the families of those that have been buried by the mudslide have gathered here at the main mortuary in freetown. since we've been here, a fleet of ambulances have arrived. the stench of corpses is overpowering. workers in the mortuary say there are too many bodies, they need to bury them as quickly as possible. there's concerns about a possible outbreak of typhoid or cholera. there is a real sense of grief as well as tension. people want more to be done. they feel that the authorities haven't been quick enough in terms of the rescue operation. this is a nation in mourning. they've declared a week of national mourning here in sierra leone. there has been a lot of criticism of the authorities because many
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families believe that this was a preventable disaster. the number of people out of work is now its lowest since 1975. uk unemployment fell slightly in the three months tojune, bringing the jobless rate down to 4.4%. the office for national statistics also reported a slight rise in average earnings, which rose by 2.1% compared with a year earlier. but there was a slowdown in the number of foreign nationals joining the british workforce. 0ur economics correspondent andy verity reports. for eight years the british economy has been a job creation machine and figures today showed little signs of that slowing down. low unemployment means a tight labour market so it is harderfor places like means a tight labour market so it is harder for places like this mode of cycle manufacturer to get the staff they need. the upside for workers is
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pay rises could improve in the second quarter of the year. the downside is companies with full order books cannot go as fast as they might. at the moment you cannot drive growth as fast as we are able not because of a lack of orders or finance but people. it is super frustrating that we cannot get skilled staff to come in and take advantage of the orders we have or prototype design work for the next models and next generation of models. low unemployment makes economists worried that workers will bid up their paper pushing up inflation. so far about that fear of wage price spiral is far from realised. we hope that means we can run this economy permanently with lower unemployment and let's hope unemployment keeps falling as i think it will until wage inflation sta rts think it will until wage inflation starts to pick up. the figures today tell us something interesting about the supply of workers from abroad. 0ver the supply of workers from abroad. over the past 20 years this yellow line shows you the number of workers
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from abroad from outside the eu. the blue line is the number of workers from within the eu so sharply increasing over the past seven yea rs. increasing over the past seven years. then this number is the increase in non—uk nationals working here in the first quarter of the year, up 200 but then in the second quarter of the year it was up by much less, 100 9000. a sharp slowdown. until the financial crisis investment in skills and machinery meant each year each worker could produce more per hour. that growth in productivity meant that companies could afford bigger pay rises. but today we have learned productivity fell for the second quarter in a i’ow. fell for the second quarter in a row. inflation beating pay rises may ta ke row. inflation beating pay rises may take some time to return. our top story this lunchtime. the government says there must be an ‘unprecedented solution' for the border between northern ireland and the republic after brexit. coming up...
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are pink balls and floodlit action the future of test cricket? coming up in sport. jo pavey says she will look to defend her ten thousand metre title at the european championships in germany next year — just a month before her 45th birthday. she insists she has no plans to retire. the biggest warship ever built for the royal navy — the aircraft carrier, hms queen elizabeth — has sailed into her home port of portsmouth for the first time. she weighs 65,000 tonnes and cost more than three billion pounds to build. well in portsmouth this morning, huge crowds started gathering before sunrise to watch the queen elizabeth arrive. duncan kennedy is onboard and joins us now. ship's horn blows. this is a vessel and this is a day that redefines britain's naval forces.
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squeezing into the home port of the royal navy, this is the 65,000 tonne queen elizabeth. eight years to complete, 10,000 people to build. and one enormous milestone in our defence history. for families of the crew the excitement of seeing their loved ones after its two—month sea trials was matched by the novelty of this first homecoming. i think it makes the country feel a lot safer. it puts you, you know, above everybody else, really, doesn't it? a stressful day for the 679 crew began in the early hours of this morning. as she navigated the final few miles of the solent. she will eventually be able to travel 10,000 miles around the globe. projecting what the government and the navy says is unprecedented power. i think the nation should be really proud of what they have done in purchasing this ship and of course prince of wales.
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for the 10,000 people who have been involved in the build, you know, it is a national endeavour. today the prime minister went on board and said this was a ship to help protect britain's future for decades to come. britain truly has the best sailors, marines and officers in the world and you deserve the best commitment. that is what we have with hms queen elizabeth. the queen elizabeth itself has cost more than £3 billion. an investment in british world influence, says the government. but a drain and a strain on the resources of a middle ranking power say the critics. ships were never going to be as cheap as originally advertised but they should not have been expensive as they turned out. a number of culprits are involved in that, politicians, the way the design changed over time. with hms queen elizabeth due to be
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in service until at least 2067, its last captain may not yet have been born. this is a symbol of british power for decades to come. duncan kennedy, bbc news, in portsmouth harbour. a homeless man — who was described as a hero for helping victims of the manchester bombing — has been charged in connection with the theft of a bank card in the arena that night. chris parker — who's 33 and of no fixed abode — ran towards the scene of the attack. he has pleaded not guilty. he was remanded in custody and will appear next month. a hospital trust being investigated over the deaths of babies has been criticised for failing to learn the lessons of past mistakes. there were at least seven avoidable deaths of newborn babies at shrewsbury and telford hospital, between 2014 and 16. the trust claims it's made improvements, but the nhs standards watchdog, the care quality commission, says there are deficiencies in maternity services. our health correspondent
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dominic hughes reports. come on, then. i'm coming to get you! for years, richard stanton and rhiannon davies have been campaigning for safe maternity services following the avoidable death of their first daughter, kate, just hours after she was born. go on, see if you can do it. a review of their case found the trust had failed to investigate kate's death properly. now a new report finds that eight years on, the shrewsbury and telford trust is still failing to learn from past mistakes. it is still failing on the basics, to this day. from our point of view, it makes you want to bang your head against the wall. it is worrying that eight years from kate's death, change is so slow and so chaotic that the cqc deem this to be a trust that still requires improvement and one that is questionably unsafe. an inspection by the hospital
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regulator found that safety in maternity services needs improvement and that patients are still not receiving the proper standard of care. we have seen some improvements in some areas but some ongoing areas such as maternity, which is not what we would expect, and we have made it very clear to the trust that we need to see these improvements made in a much more robust manner and in a timely way. in a statement the trust says things are changing and serious incidents are being reported. but the question will be asked why so many years after families first raised concerns, issues around safety and culture are still being raised. a wider nhs investigation into a cluster of deaths among newborn babies at the trust, ordered by the health secretary, is under way. but despite the long—running campaign by those parents who have lost children, the nhs regulator clearly believes that safety
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at the trust needs to improve. dominic hughes, bbc news, telford. the long running bin strike in birmingham has been suspended after a breakthrough in talks between the city council and the unite union. the strike began injune in a row over working conditions and pay. birmingham city council, which is using agency staff and contractors to clear the backlog, had accused the refuse workers of holding the city to ransom and said the dispute was costing £40,000 a day. it's an evolutionary mystery that's baffled the experts for years — how a fossil of a dinosaur could consist of body parts from both meat eaters, like t—rex, and plant eaters, like the stegosaurus. well that puzzle mayjust have been solved after scientists said they now believe the so—called "frankenstein dinosaur", could provide the missing link between carnivores and herbivores. our science correspondent pallab ghosh explains.
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in the mountains of chile, researchers discover a dinosaur, the like of which has never been seen before. back in their lab in buenos aires, they carefully cut through the sandstone to find a bizarre skeleton. they named their dinosaur chilesaurus. this animal had a real mix of features from different groups of dinosaurs. it's hip bones were like those of plant eaters such as the stegosaurus. and its arms and body were like those of meat eaters such as the tyrannosaurus rex. and so, chilesaurus became known as the frankenstein dinosaur. but now a british researcher who studied the skeleton believes he has solved the mystery. chilesaurus has been revealed to be the missing link between one group of dinosaurs, which includes things like stegosaurus and triceratops, and another group of dinosaurs which includes things
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like tyrannosaurus rex. it really is the missing piece of the puzzle. tyrannosaurus rex and stegosaurus were thought to be in different branches of the dinosaur family tree. but the researchers have shown that they are both in the same branch. the frankenstein dinosaur now fits in perfectly, as an earlier animal that came before them, which is why its skeleton is a mixture of both. this reassessment is important, because it will radically change the theory of how dinosaurs evolved and split into different groups. chilesaurus is there at the beginning of one of these big splits. and hopefully, by understanding more about its biology, it will tell us what the kinds of driving factors leading to those big splits might have been. the frankenstein skeleton was once a puzzle, but now it could be the key to explain how dinosaurs evolved. pallab ghosh, bbc news. it will be test cricket — but not as we know it. at edgbaston tomorrow,
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england play the west indies under floodlights and with a pink ball. it's the first ever day/night test match in england as our sports correspondentjoe wilson reports from edgbaston in birmingham this week, play will start at 2pm, finish after dark. test cricket is chasing the evening. chasing the audience. schedule a match when the crowds can come to watch it. e is for entertainment. as well as for edgbaston. very excited, a few things unknown and that is a good challenge for us asa team. and that is a good challenge for us as a team. it will be interesting to see how it is viewed from people and fa ns a cross see how it is viewed from people and fans across the country. there is particular scrutiny on the new pink ball. cricketers spend their lives absorbed in that little
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sphere of influence. normally, traditionally in a test match you play with a red ball like this which starts off nice and shiny and deteriorates through the day and that is so much part of a test match. but under floodlights, it is too dark. no good. now a white ball against white test match kit, well, it doesn't really stand out and in any case it deteriorates too quickly, gets too dirty for a test match. so the compromise is the pink. visible, but durable. also, well, a little unpredictable. some reckon the pink ball moves differently under floodlights, even sounds different on the bat. well, england favour the dukes, the company is based in london where they've worked hard to develop the pink ball they believe is normal. in realistic terms about 18 months of research and batches being made and then rejected, then another batch, and so on, before you get the right colour. the ball is fundamentally the same as all the balls that we make. it is fundamentally the colour and the surface finish and we are aiming to make the ball as near as possible to all the other balls we make.
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so there is no huge difference. which team will use the pink ball better? west indies still have fast bowlers but lack the reputation of yesteryear. motivated in this series in fact by being written off. there is still a lot of pride. and the big picture. alongside tradition, test cricket knows it needs innovation. joe wilson, bbc news, edgbaston. which is due in 2019. but he told an american television show that this appearance would be his last as 007. it has been a closely guarded secret as to whether he would return. daniel craig, will you return as james bond? yes. cheering. thanks so much, daniel craig, everybody! time for a look at the weather.
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here's chris fawkes. we have something of a sky fall on the way this afternoon! cloud and rain on the way to the north—west of the british isles and that has already arrived across scotland, northern ireland and will slowly move into parts of west of england and wales. ahead of that still some decent soundtrack through the rest of the afternoon. so through the afternoon things cloud over across west wales and south west england. but much of the rain arriving towards the evening. staying wet in northern ireland and western scotla nd northern ireland and western scotland with some strong wind around the coast and hills. not feeling too bad


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