this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl, in singapore. the headlines: the un's accused of failing to do more to protect myanmar‘s rohingya muslims. half a million have fled after a month of atrocity and abuse. editing dna to prevent disease — a breakthrough in china brings hope to millions around the world. i'm kasia madera in london. also in the programme: stepping up pressure on pyongyang — china orders all north korean firms in the country to close by the year's end. their lives on hold but for how long? 100,000 are displaced, as bali's volcano threatens to erupt live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news — it's newsday. it's 8:00am here in singapore, 1:00am in london,
and you're watching newsday. the burmese government has invited the un secretary—general, antonio guterres, to visit myanmar. it comes after mr guterres told the un security council that violence against rohingya muslims has spiralled into the world's fastest growing refugee emergency. but the united nations itself has been accused of a series of failures. 0ur correspondentjonah fisher has seen internal un documents, outlining concerns about the handling of the rohingya conflict. this is his special report. in the months since rohingya muslims first began fleeing into bangladesh, the united nations has been at the forefront of the response. delivering aid and making robust statements, condemning the burmese authorities. the situation remains, or seems, a textbook example of ethnic cleansing.
but could, and should, the un have done more before the killing and burning started? really disturbing to think that some of this could have been prevented. this woman is a lawyer and aid worker. between 2013 and 2015 she ran the office of the top united nations official in myanmar. it was a stressful time. she says her boss was so afraid of upsetting the burmese government that any suggestion that they stand up for the rohingya's human rights was off—limits. even in internal meetings. we could do it but it would have consequences. negative consequences. consequences that maybe you are no longer invited to meetings or consequences of travel authorisations were not cleared. an atmosphere was created in which talking about these issues will simply not wrong. will simply not on.
the un is aware it does have a problem. this report commissioned by the un nine years ago and leaked to the bbc said the un focused too heavily on the oversimplified hope that the element of investment itself will reduce tensions. a memo prepared earlier this year for the new secretary general called the un in myanmar "glaringly dysfunctional". could the united nations have stopped this burmese army offensive? the answer is almost certainly no. but things may have been different if there had been a coherent strategy over the last few years, demanding that the rohingyas‘ basic rights be respected and making aid to other communities conditional on the rohingyas being treated better. she declined to be interviewed. in a statement her office said that they strongly disagree with the accusations that the resident co—ordinator prevented internal discussion, and stressed that she had the backing of the un secretary general. in the last month, half
a million rohingya have fled myanmar into bangladesh. their tales of atrocities and abuse are a reminder of the warnings that went unheard. hard to say which action would have been able to prevent this. what i know for sure is that whatever was done was never going to prevent it. why not? it was ignoring the issue. sharanjit will have more analysis on the royhinga issue a little later. first let's take a look at some of the day's other news: a chinese research team says it has performed precise chemical surgery on human embryos for the first time. using a technique called base editing, the team from sun yatsen university were able to remove a mutation
in the dna code. they say that base editing opens up a new avenue for treating and preventing inherited diseases. the bbc‘s james gallagher has the details. this is basically surgery but on a microscopic level, altering dna itself. so if you can understand what dna is built on, it is called a base. there are 3 billion of them. an error in a single one can cause disease. so what this team in china has done is they have scanned genetic code to find one error, something that causes the blood disorder, and change it so that it no longer causes the disease. there are thousands of genetic diseases, once passed down through families. most of them are caused byjust one error in that 3 billion. so, yes, this technology in theory could be applied to a whole range of different diseases such as cystic fibrosis and sickle—cell anaemia which are caused by one error.
also making news today: so—called islamic state has released an audio recording of what it says is its leader, abu bakr al—baghdadi. there had been claims the is leader might have been killed. the recording contains references to recent events, including tension between north korea and the united states. conservationists have warned that laos is the fastest growing ivory market in the world, undermining international efforts to stop the illegal trade. a kenya—based charity, save the elephants, says lax enforcement of laws on the sale of smuggled ivory is to blame, along with increased demand from chinese visitors. north korea has accused president trump of using the death, earlier this year of the us student, 0tto warmbier, to whip up hostility against it. pyongyang again denied that mr warmbier had been mistreated during more than a year of detention. his parents and mr trump have asserted that he was tortured. but a us coroner who examined
the student's body said there was no evidence of this. ryanair has been told to correct its compensation policy for hundreds of thousands of passengers whose flights have been cancelled. the uk's aviation authority says the airline must stop misleading passengers about their legal right to be re—routed with another airline. ryanair recently cancelled flights affecting more than 700,000 passengers, because of a shortage of pilots. a 3—year—old girl has been anointed the living goddess of kathmandu. this ancient hindu tradition will see trishna shakya living in a temple palace until she reaches puberty. she will be separated from her family and will only be allowed to leave the temple on special occasions. let's return to our main story —
the un secretary—general, antonio guterres, has said violence in myanmar has spiralled into the world's fastest—developing refugee emergency. we speak to a spokesman from the m. ——i owe them. the un coming under criticism for not having done enough about the plight of the rohingya is in myanmar. what does the un need to do to better address the situation? i have not read this leaked report but i know the un often face is this dilemma between a focus on development, a focus on the political side, the human rights
side, andi political side, the human rights side, and i think mulling over the situation of what actually happened ina myanmar situation of what actually happened in a myanmar in the past is not very productive at a point where we have a desperate humanitarian situation in bangladesh with half a million people coming across. you have just returned from cox ‘s bazaar, what is the situation like on the ground?m isa the situation like on the ground?m is a fairly chaotic situation because of this is an extraordinary number of people to come across in a short period of time. the last time something come parable to this happened, this number of people in this space of time, was probably in 1994 following the genocide in rwanda. 0ne 1994 following the genocide in rwanda. one of the bangladesh authorities and the aid agencies are doing at the moment is essentially
trying to respond, with very limited resources , trying to respond, with very limited resources, to an extraordinary humanitarian situation. people living in subhuman conditions, it is pouring with rain, very little shelter, very little access to clean water, very little access to food and healthcare. water, very little access to food and healthca re. a water, very little access to food and healthcare. a very rapid ramping up and healthcare. a very rapid ramping up of international intervention to support the bangladesh authorities but it is not enough and it is not fast enough to save people ‘s lives at this point. a sum of the major of agencies like yours are crucial —— what would you say? access is one of the biggest challenges. the bangladesh authorities have allocated land to some of these people coming across but it is hard
to access. it requires massive infrastructure— roads and water at this point — to get aid to people on the ground. in addition to that, there is a desperate situation because the rain is extremely muddy. —— the landscape. there is an enormous threat of a cholera outbreak in other waterborne diseases. thank you for bringing us up—to—date with the situation. china and north korea are long—time allies, but now they've hit a rough patch in their relationship, as beijing gets tough on its regional partner. china has announced new measures to greatly increase the pressure on the regime in pyongyang. north korean companies operating in china will have to close down by the end of the year. the moves have been welcomed by the us government which believes
chinese policy is now shifting. david campa nale reports. this is the sino—north korean friendship bridge, across it flows many goods that the communist satellite state relies on. in return, the north relies on china for over 90% of its international trade. for the locals along the border, jobs and prosperity are heavily dependent on this relationship continuing. but pyongyang's missile tests have prompted beijing to promise to act on un sanctions after america accused it of not doing enough to rein in its neighbour. translation: security council resolutions gave a buffer period for implementation of the ban on coal and seafood imports. china's practice is in accordance with the resolutions and china's laws and regulations of foreign trade. north korean companies must close down within 120 days
of the september 11 european security council sanctions. joint ventures will also close. this follows earlier sanctions which limits exports of petroleum products and textiles to north korea. coal, iron and seafood were already banned. what the sanctions will not stop is the presence of chinese business inside north korea. at this trade fair in pyongyang, one third of the stalls were hosted by chinese companies. they will be free to trade, even if the north korean businesses can no longer do so inside china. and pyongyang still maintains a vast financial network around the world that helps it avoid sanctions and gain hard currency. as warlike threats and insults continue between president trump and kimjong—un, china has shown it is prepared to act, even though the real cost to itself.
an "extortionist" has contaminated adult and baby food in southern germany in the hope of gaining millions of euros, police say. the blackmailer claimed to have poisoned items in german supermarkets. police in the city of konstanz, close to the swiss and austrian border, have recovered a small amount of baby food contaminated with a liquid used in anti—freeze. sarah corker reports. german police want to question this man, thought to be in his 50s. cctv shows in with an empty basket wandering around a store. he is suspected of poisoning just of baby food in an attempt to extort millions of euros from supermarkets. translation: this is an extraordinary case of blackmail and we have to consider we are chasing a
very reckless criminal who is risking very serious damage to people's health. supermarkets received and in all threatening to poison food throughout europe unless an11.7 million poison food throughout europe unless an 11.7 million euros ransom was paid. i'vejust had been poisoned, proving the threat was serious. a toxic liquid used to make antifreeze in them. authorities say there is no need to panic. no cases of poisoning have been reported so far but customers should check packaging. transaction mac you hear at ticking sound when you open them. this footage has been made public so that german police can, if necessary, ruled this man out their enquiries. 220 officers are working on the case
and authorities say they are taking the threat very seriously. you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: the sport of polo originated in central asia, but it's now seen as a sport for the elite. we'll hear from the world's top ranked female player. ben johnson, the fastest man on earth, is flying home isa is a nightmare that so many people have feared for so long. russians are killing russians. it was his humility which produced affection from catholics throughout the world. but his departure is a tragedy for the catholic church. israel's white bum at right wing are visited britain and that began the trouble.
he wants israel alone to have sovereignty over the holy sites, an idea unthinkable to the palestinians. after 45 years of division, it germany is one. in berlin, 1 million germans celebrate the rebirth of europe's extend richest nation. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories. the un has been accused of a series of failures in the lead—up to the crisis in myanmar. half—a—million rohingya muslims have left the country in the last month. beijing has taken a tough new stance on north korea — its businesses will be kicked out of china by january. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world.
the china daily looks at the preparations in beijing ahead of donald trump's visit to china in november. the paper has this picture of ivanka trump and her husband jared kushner, both advisors to the president, attending a reception at the chinese embassy in washington. the japan times leads — unsurprisingly — on the snap election and the dissolution of parliament. it writes that the election looks likely to become a two horse race between shinzo abe and tokyo's first female governor. and the new york times looks ahead to this sunday's referendum on independence in the spanish region of catalonia. the paper has a photo of a tourist draped in a catalan separatist flag and reports that the government in madrid has been trying to block the referendum which it sees as illegal. now what stories are sparking discussions online?
unsurprisingly, sharanjit, the death of the founder of playboy magazine, hugh hefner, has been dominating online conversations. and there's a heated debate about what hugh hefner's legacy and that of the adult magazine actually is. we have an article on the bbc news website which poses the question, was the playboy revolution good for women? you can also see a video of lesser known facts about the man in the silk robe. did you know that playboy was the first adult magazine to be published in braille? that and many other facts and of course debates on bbc.com/news. polo has long been perceived as a sport for the higher reaches of society. in the popular imagination one might think champagne instead of energy drinks as the popular refreshment.
but ask any player, and they'll tell you it's hard work. earlier i spoke to nina clarkin, the world's top ranked female polo player who is in town for a women's international polo match this weekend. she began by explaining what it is like for a woman in the sport. traditionally, certainly when i started playing a long time ago, it was a sport dominated by men. the great thing about polo is that men, women, young and old can play together because of the handicap system. in england now, and i think is happening all the world, women's polo is the fastest growing sector of the sport and it is just getting bigger. how does that fight this perception that it's a game for royalty? how do you get past that to make it more popular? i think it's difficult, but there is only about 2% of the sport that is actually glamorous. the rest of the time you are playing in the pouring rain in england.
i think it also encourages people to come and watch, and certainly when we play on sunday, hopefully in the final here at the singapore polo club, there is something for everybody. a champagne bar, a fashion show, there is something for everybody. yes, presumably not under the pouring rain however. what steps are being taken to make polo more popular? here in asia, it is gaining more traction? it is getting more and more popular. i think that is because it is able to be played by more and more people. we are dealing with a lot of great exposure at the moment and it is something we need to keep building on and getting more people to come and watch us play.
what is fascinating is that your husband is the top—ranked polo player in new zealand. what is it like coming from a polo family? we are so competitive with each other. we play together quite a bit, it is often quite fiery when we are on the field together. unfortunately, he is a bit better than me and i have to take the role of the underdog. thank you and best of luck on sunday. the number of people displaced by the threatened eruption of a volcano in bali has risen to more than 100,000. for now, mount agung is spewing white smoke, but there's no way of knowing when the eruption will take place. there are many on the island who remember the last time the volcano erupted — back in 1963. some of them have been speaking to the bbc. some had just minutes to leave their
homes, but one week on, the evacuees are still waiting to know their fate. with the threat of an eruption hanging over them, there is little more they can do than hoped—for good news. ketut says she has lost track of time. she cannot help but think of time. she cannot help but think of home and what she has left behind. translation: of home and what she has left behind. translationzlj of home and what she has left behind. translation: i am tired and sad. sad because i can not work and my children cannot go to school. i keep thinking about this but i do not know what to think. the mountain is the highest point in bali. if it rocks, larva can flow in any direction. smoke has been rising from the crater and there are regular earthquakes. the team monitoring the seismograph had been recording hundreds every day. but or
the scientific data can not answer the scientific data can not answer the question of if and when it will rock. mt agung is the spiritual centre of life on bali. many people here face towards it as they pray. some have been giving offerings to the gods to protect their family, knowing how destructive this volcano can be when it erupts. b 1963 eruption killed over 1000 people, however difficult the weight this time, people here understand the need for caution. some also remember what it feels like as things fall from the sky. translation: the mountain was erupting and there was a huge cloud above. the cloud flow to the earth in lumps. it started with a rumble. a small rumble. then it started falling from the sky. for the tens of thousands of evacuees, a
full week of waiting has been difficult. by what may be even harder is not knowing when it will end. that waiting continues. you have been watching you stay. stay with us because coming up we will be looking to the heavens and how one indian company hopes to take part by sending a rover to the moon. we will lend closer to home because we love pictures of cute baby animals. singapore zoo has one of the cutest babies we have seen in a while. this isa babies we have seen in a while. this is a white rhino and he isjust three weeks old. this rhino is yet to be named but here's at the moment spending time with his mother before he meets the public. hi there. over the last few days, we've been carefully tracking the progress of hurricane maria, which wrecked puerto rico. lots of weather in the atlantic. a big area of low pressure
and a powerfuljetstream over that, a big swell of cloud that looks like a massive ear pushing a band of rain eastwards over the uk over the next 12 hours or so. we will see some rain as we start friday, our main weather front across west scotland and western england and wales. ahead of that, patches of light rain, drizzle and foggy conditions over the hills of southern england, particularly salisbury plains and the downs. a mild start to the morning, temperatures 16—17 degrees even at eight o'clock in the morning. rain beginning to clear away from western england and wales, some sunshine coming out. the rain could be heavy for a time across north—west england. wet weather with us for some, and a soggy commute to work. most places have the chance of seeing some morning sunshine. through the day, brisk winds pushing rain eastwards across the country. eventually clearing away from east anglia, lincolnshire and yorkshire as well.
some blustery showers into northern ireland and western scotland, some quite heavy. starting to feel a good deal cooler across the north—west. temperatures 14—15 degrees. potentially reaching as high as 20 degrees, some sunshine across eastern england. further clumps of showers coming in across north—western uk, wind staying up overnight. wetter skies across central and eastern england. where those winds fall, it could turn quite chilly. temperatures potentially getting down into single figures in the countryside. the weekend, a mixed bag. a reasonable start, but turning wet and windy during the second half of the weekend. starting off with the forecast for saturday. for most of us, a decent start with some sunshine. quite windy across north—western areas. not entirely dry everywhere, one or two showers mostly across the western side.
14 degrees the top temperature in glasgow, 18 in london. those temperatures coming down a little bit. as for maria, it could bring heavy rain to southern parts of england on monday. quite a bit of uncertainty. getting mixed up in that weather system on sunday, in any case, bringing wet and windy weather to the uk. gales, evem severe gales across the coast across the southwest of the country. blustery showers feeling cool once again across the south—west. so, saturday the better of the two days the weekend. i'm kasia madera with bbc world news. our top story: the burmese government has invited the un secretary—general, antonio guterres, to visit myanmar. it comes after mr guterres told the un security council that violence against rohingya muslims has spiralled into the world's fastest growing refugee emergency. china has ordered north korean companies operating in china to shut down by january. it's part of beijing's efforts to enforce un sanctions punishing north korea for its nuclear weapons development. and this video is
trending on bbc.com... a huge white diamond found in angola has been displayed in hong kong ahead of its auction in november. 163 carats, it's by far the largest cut diamond of such quality to come up for auction. that's all from me for now. stay with bbc news. and the top story here in the uk: ryanair has been told to correct its compensation policy for passengers by friday afternoon after thousands of its flights were cancelled.