tv The Travel Show BBC News October 7, 2017 10:30am-11:01am BST
thanks so much for being with us. tell us what we might see and what oui’ tell us what we might see and what our prospects are of seeing it. hopefully tonight, if it is clear which it is not looking like it at the moment here in bristol, but if you look to the northern sky tonight, just above the top of the plough, you should hopefully see some meteors. shooting stars. bright strea ks some meteors. shooting stars. bright streaks of light that passed right gci’oss streaks of light that passed right across the sky, all you need to do is get out, as soon as it turns dark, true dark, rather than twilight, preferably before the moon is up. look towards the northern sky, let your eyes adjust to the dark, get away from street lights or house lights, let your eyes adjust and you should hopefully begin to see about one or two every couple of minutes of these shooting stars gci’oss minutes of these shooting stars across the sky. what causes this phenomenon on? why do we see this? we see meteor showers at the same time every year because we pass
through what was the tale of a comet. comets come through our solar system every few thousand years or so system every few thousand years or so and leave behind this big trail of debris and ice and dust. as we passed through that every year, that debris and dust hits the atmosphere, super hits it and causes this great big streak of light. that's what a meteor shower is, these particles burning up in the atmosphere.” burning up in the atmospherelj think burning up in the atmosphere.” think the names are fascinating. where does this name come from? most meteor showers are named after the constellation where their radian is. the radiant is... if you took a picture of all of the meteors as they streak across the sky, they all seem they streak across the sky, they all seem to be coming from one place. in this case it's right in the head of the constellation of draconis. they're coming from the dragon and i and tomorrow night we should get a good view? yes. clear skies and turn
of the artificial light? yes, fingers crossed for clear skies! hopefully you should see the dragon spitting out some fire. excellent, looking forward to it. thank you for joining us. lets see what the weather prospects are like now. sarah has the details. after a breezy and cloudy morning with some outbreaks of rain, through the afternoon thing should tend to brighten up a little but for some of us. brighten up a little but for some of us. plenty of showers across parts of western scotland, northern ireland, north—west england as well. further south, sudden rain lingering in the south west but elsewhere we should start to see some brighter skies. temperatures around 14—17, on the cool side and quite breezy. if you are hoping to catch a glimpse of the meteor shower, it should be mostly clear for north—east scotland, eastern england. further north—west, more cloud and some showers but where ever you are, a mild night with temperatures staying in double figures. through the day tomorrow, a better day than today with fewer showers,
more sunshine and light winds. still a bit of showery rain for parts of northern ireland, western scotland, northern ireland, western scotland, north wales and north—west england but most places looking drier than today, a bit more sunshine and temperatures should feel a degree or so warmer temperatures should feel a degree or so warmer at 14—18. bye—bye for now. hello — this is bbc news, with me, shaun ley. the headlines at 10:35am: the foreign secretary has told fellow mps in a whatsapp group that they need to get behind theresa may and turn the fire onjeremy corbyn. us authorities have imposed more heavy tariffs on the import of bombardier planes, causing more concerns for one of northern ireland's biggest employers. rallies are expected in spain against catalonian independence, after last weekend's disputed referendum. back with more at the top of the
hour. now on bbc news — the travel show. i'm on a voyage through the heart of the balkans, exploring the places that have grown up along the route of the river sava. it's a journey through four countries that just over 25 years ago were at war. my trip started at the source in slovenia, and continued through to the wetlands of croatia. watch out! this week, i'll be following the river to bosnia and herzegovina, and then east into serbia. and meeting those who live along the river banks who want to move on from the conflicts of the ‘90s, and show us what their part of the world is really like. the cascading waterfalls and historic cities of bosnia
and herzegovina, now gaining more international attention. and here in gradiska, in the north of the country, the river sava is on the tourist agenda too. it's here that the river takes on a new and important role as an internationally recognised border. because over there is croatia, and on this side of the river is bosnia and herzegovina, where i will be continuing my journey. it's a far cry from the beleaguered war—torn image some might have of bosnia and herzegovina. during the 1990s, the river here was the scene of some of the fiercest inter—ethnic fighting. sparked by the break—up of yugoslavia. but today, the people who live here are recognising
the river's potential. during the war, the river was a physical barrier, separating opposing sides. attitudes towards the river might have changed since the war, but the natural environment is still feeling the effects. landmines and munitions were used extensively in the sava basin, which not only proved to be deadly, but also polluted the water
and the problem has been compounded by industrial waste. but this group of young people are determined that their natural heritage will not be placed in any further jeopardy. there are people who think it's a war still in our country, but it's not. it's finished. thank you. when we were at war, or after the war, older generations didn't have time to think about nature, but now it has ended and i am the new generation that came with that sense that we need to help our nature, so that that same nature can help us. why is it important for you that the nature around here is protected? we have an unused nature that tourists can... the potential.
yes, potential that tourists can help us with that, because we need money. so tourism could be the answer to unemployment amongst young people? yes, of course. like everywhere. how bad is unemployment? ah, very bad. so tourism may say that? yes. i think it's the only choice we have. just outside gradiska, on the flood plains of the sava, is the wetland. it's been recognised as an area of international importance because it supports a range of endangered species. but it's also under threat as some of the lakes have been drained and ploughed over for farmland. it's an issue the collective want to bring worldwide attention to by holding a music festival here. mirko was one of the djs. what is it about the land here that worries you, and what's happening to it? the thing that worries me is it
will all disappear, all the lake — it was 11, now it's only two. la kes ? yeah. so tell me then — what is so special about this area that makes you and your friends want to come here and relax? nature, nature, especially nature because it is breathtaking. when you look at the sunrise and everything, it's beautiful. so we wanted to check, let's do a festival. maybe someone will, with the money, come and say, "stop that." more than 500 people from across the region came to the festival, and the eco—collective plan to hold more events here in the future. some people might say, how is playing music with a dj sound system helping the nature? because that's in right now. the festivals are in. but i suppose what i'm saying is people might come
just for the party, 0k. they go, yeah, great party! and they go, not even knowing... when they come, when they see this beautiful place, they will stay. we are campaigning for saving this land. that is all. the festival is just the tool. and the eco—collective aren't the only ones hoping to encourage people to visit this region. i'm heading through lush countryside to meet a man who wants to link up the whole of the sava route by bike. what is your grand plan for the whole stretch of this river? well, the grand plan is actually to connect first, to connect people along the sava river. it's connecting a few important cities. well, once you know sava river was a war line, we want to change this, to become more or less
like a lifeline. he thinks the plan could unite all four countries with a common purpose, and he cycled the entire 850—kilometre route with his team to show it can be done. there are hurdles to overcome, like areas with undetonated landmines. but he says if the route succeeds, the rewards will be immense. this is just one of the answers that really could help people to think about a mutual future, not divided future. we finish our cycle ride in riverside city of brcko. brcko's position on the river near the croatian and serbian borders means it's been strategically important for centuries. its location also made it a huge sticking point in the 1995 peace talks that sought to end bosnia and herzegovina's ethnic conflict
by setting up two political entities within the country — one representing bosnian muslims and croats, and the other, serbs. no—one could agree which region brcko should be part of — the federation of bosnia and herzegovina, or the serb republic. and so, they made a decision. it would be neither. brcko's been called europe's only free city. in official terms, it is a semi—autonomous district with its own multi—ethnic government and education system. but achieving harmony hasn't been straightforward. for example, the local assembly couldn't agree on a shared memorial for those killed in the country's war. so they built three. brcko is a fascinating place to visit. it's been called a microcosm of the country as a whole
because here you can experience the culture of all the different groups that make up this complex nation. and that diversity is reflected in the music too. singing. this band specialise in performing folk songs from all the ethnic backgrounds that make up brcko. applause really, really good. fantastic. how do you do? thank you so much. that was brilliant. and tonight, i'm joining the band. can i ask you, first of all — how much of the music that you play is a combination of all the different cultures that are in this district?
singing of course, no—one's pretending that brcko is a utopia. it has a fiendishly compensated government structure and there is lingering resentment about which community effectively has the most power. but on nights like this, harmony reigns. singing all of us are mixed. there are serbians, croatians, bosnians. we are all the same. i don't even remember if someone is that way or this way or anything. it doesn't feel...
the atmosphere is very nice. and life goes on, and music goes on. yes. absolutely. well, in that case, shall we have a go? not good. power! wow! that's such a nice feeling! clapping next on myjourney, i'm heading east along the sava route to serbia. my endpoint will be the country's biggest city, and its grand capital, belgrade. but first, it's the city of sremska mitrovica on the river's northern bank. now, on the face of it, this city centre is much like any other in serbia, but what's intriguing and surprising is that beneath my feet,
beneath these streets are the ruins of a former capital of the roman empire. it was called sirmium then. the romans chose this spot because of its location on the sava. the word ‘sirmium' means flowing water. most of the roman city, including a hippodrome, still lies beneath the modern metropolis, but some remains, like this huge imperial palace complex, have been excavated. it was 1957 when the workers starting to make an apartment building and then these walls appeared. some historians think as many as 18 roman emperors were born in the territory of modern—day serbia, and that five of those were born here in sirmium itself.
it's a heritage this archaeologist thinks is little known outside of the balkans, largely due to the period in the late ‘90s when serbia was seen by some as a political pariah because of the conflict in kosovo. do you think people are surprised that serbia had such a roman history? ah, i think that it is not so much now, and for a long time, we were isolated and we did a lot during that time, according to the protection of archaeological heritage. and the archaeologists want the world to know about the incredible remains they found here. they're using new 3—d reconstruction techniques, so that people can digitally explore what parts of this ancient city might have looked like. these things which connect people, like roman heritage,
like these things which are similar and essential to all of us, which makes us a part of europe. and this is ourjoint past. and sirmium's incredible history isn'tjust linking present—day sremska mitrovica with the rest of europe, it's bringing the region global attention. beneath this field just outside the city is a roman palace. australian archaeologists from the university of sydney have joined with serbian colleagues to start the mammoth task of excavation. stefan is one of the people coordinating the dig. potentially, we are excavating the palace of roman emperor maximianus herculius and if it turns out to be emperor maximianus herculius, it definitely is one
of the most exciting finds in the world of european roman archaeology. the plan is to excavate the palace and find out more. but it's going to take years. anything i can help with here? anything i can do? yes. you may, in fact, you may use this thing. what does this do? shall i show you? yeah. it sprays the water, so you can clean the mosaic stones. incredible, incredible. this is really pleasurable, to literally uncover and expose works of building and art that, you know, were literally thousands of years old. incredible. and thousands of years ago, the romans continued down the river
to build the ancient city of singidunum — known today as serbia's capital belgrade. this is belgrade's most famous landmark, its fortress, the scene of many a battle during the last 2,000 years. and if you look over here, you can see exactly why. it's where our companion for the last 900km, the river sava, meets the danube, making it the most strategic point on our entirejourney. but today, the fortress grounds are the venue for more peaceful, if still fiercely contested, combat. and today, for some premier league stars. lazar, how are you doing? hi. now, you guys are professionals but what you're playing is a different kind of basketball, right? it's street basketball? yeah, street basketball. it looks like basketball but it's a completely
different sport, you know? how is it different? it's different because you play in half a court, you play with a smaller ball, and play three on three. 0k. you get 12 seconds to try and score and after each goal, the opposing team drives the ball out beyond the arc on the court and begins their attack. and i show them how it's done. 0h! well done! i've got a height disadvantage, but it doesn't mean i'm worse because i can nip through underneath — well, that's the theory, anyway! serbia is ranked number one in the world at the sport, which has just been added to the line—up for the 2020 olympic games in tokyo. and if you want to catch a match at this venue, the season runs from august untiljune and you can buy tickets at the courts. yes! come on!
the fortress grounds date back through two millennia of military history, but also bear witness to the more recent turbulence in serbia. this weaponry was used against nato air forces in the war over kosovan independence in 1999. there's evidence, too, in the city centre of buildings bombed in that same conflict. but the capital is not the war—ravaged, depressed city that some people might expect it to be. in fact, belgrade has picked up quite a reputation for its hedonistic night life and cafe—lined boulevards. the centre is a blend of neo—renaissance architecture intermingled with the brutalist blocks built when this was yugoslavia's capital. but perhaps the most distinctive features of the city are these things — floating jetties called splavs — that sit along the banks of the sava. dina tells me how important
the river is to the city. i think it looks more like the riviera than a river. well, yeah. basically, i mean, given that belgrade is in this amazing geographical place, like, on the confluence of the sava and danube, like, two great european rivers, this city basically lives by the river. dina works at a pioneering cultural centre in the artistic riverside neighbourhood of savamala, and feels the creative side of the city is often underestimated. i think, it's is in my opinion, i believe that the stereotype surrounding belgrade kind of moves between two bipolar stereotypes. the first one, i would say, is the old type of belgrade and serbia being this war—stricken country. and the other is that belgrade is basically this new berlin,
eastern berlin after the cold war, so kind of like the newly found utopia for the all clubbers. and honestly, i don't think that belgrade kind of applies to either of those. because the city is specific in its own way. dina hopes that the city can start to shake the perception held by some in the international community that belgrade, and serbia as a whole, are intolerant to minorities. we do have this legacy of retrograde attitudes towards minorities but we must all keep in mind that all those things were in the past. in recent years, we have had successful gay prides in belgrade — although with huge support from police security — but comparing to the first years of organising gay pride, when it was almost impossible to imagine that it would be held, the things have changed a lot.
and the face of the city is changing too. 3 billion euros have been pumped into regenerating belgrade's waterfront. it's a project that's been controversial with some locals, but it is hoped will bring investment and tourism to the capital. it's clear that whatever the future holds for belgrade, the river will still be at its very heart. and so, my near—1000km voyage down the river sava, through the balkans, is complete. and what a trip it's been. sings in serbian i've seen how the river has been a crucial artery stretching all the way back to roman times.
and how more recently, it was the backdrop to some of the most brutal fighting of the 1990s. both sing in serbian for me, it's been truly incredible to see how the river is now helping to heal the wounds of that conflict. and let's hope it continues to make new friends out of old enemies. both sing in serbian hello. the weather looking fairly mixed through the course of the weekend, cloudy skies today but some brightness likely to break through this afternoon. this is how the morning looked in stirling, by one of our weather watchers. 0ut morning looked in stirling, by one of our weather watchers. out of that cloud we have seen plenty of charles already but the showers should tend to ease later on. here is the weather front moving southward eastwards. elsewhere across the
country, some brighter spells trying to break through that cloud. still a grey story, particular towards the north—west, with further blustery showers around. it will feel quite breezy today where ever you are. during this afternoon that they will linger across parts of cornwall in particular, brightening up a bit for north devon and some sunny spells likely across southern parts of england. there could be some showers for the london region, east anglia and north—west england and wales. but north—east england and eastern scotland, you're likely to stay dry with some sunshine. northern ireland is in northern and western scotland with cloudy skies and further blustery showers moving in. temperatures 13—14d here. into this evening, if you're hoping to catch a glimpse meteor shower, clear skies in north—east scotland, north—east england, southern england and southern wales. further north—west across the country cloudy and inhibiting your view of the skies, with a few showers. but where ever you are, a mild and frost free
night. temperatures in double figures. sunday, the second half of the week and looks the better half of the weekend, with drier conditions, more sunshine and light winds. still some showers for parts of north wales, north—west england, western scotland but many of us should avoid showers through the data plan. in no sunny spells it will feel pleasant, 15—18 out of temperature. a fairly unsettled outlook for the weekend. several areas of low pressure lining up in the atlantic are moving in towards oui’ the atlantic are moving in towards our shores. it will be drier further south and east and in the sunnier spells and reasonably light winds, monday shouldn't feel too bad, 15-17d but monday shouldn't feel too bad, 15—17d but looking unsettled with stronger winds are more rain later in the week. bye—bye. this is bbc news. i'm sean ley. the headlines at 11. senior conservatives rally around the pm — borisjohnson tells mps to get behind theresa may and turn the fire onjeremy corbyn.
the severed head of swedish journalist kim wall has been found, two months after she disappeared following an interview with a danish inventor. rallies under way in spain against catalonian independence after last weekend's disputed referendum. concerns for on northern ireland employers after us authorities as heavy as bombardier. also in the next hour , a treat in store for sky gazers. the draconid meteor shower could show off dozens of shooting stars, in the skies above the uk.