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tv   Newsday  BBC News  October 20, 2017 12:00am-12:31am BST

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i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore, the headlines: the un says as many as 12,000 children are crossing into bangladesh every week, as they flee the violence in myanmar. lam i am surrounded by babies, children under the age of two months and they are all fighting for their lives. they are severely and acutely malnourished. white house chief of staff john kelly says he is stunned that donald trump has been criticised for the call he made to a military widow. i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme. new zealand has a new prime minister, the youngest in 150 years. helen clark, the former pm of the country, joins us live to talk advice and success at the top. tom hanks weighs into the harvey weinstein scandal. the hollywood star says it could be a turning point for the industry. i think we are at a watershed moment, this is a sea change. his last name will become
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a noun and a verb. live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news. it's newsday. good morning. it's 7am in singapore, midnight in london, and 5am on the bangladesh—myanmar border where the influx of rohingya muslims fleeing violence is showing no sign of slowing down. the number of young people caught up in the crisis is staggering. the un says 12,000 children arrive from myanmar every week and desperately need medical help. clive myrie has been to visit a refugee camp on the border. you may find some of the images in his report distressing... every breath is a struggle for mohammad ibrahim. six months old and fighting
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pneumonia, he is terribly weak and malnourished. he has just a 50—50 chance of seeing out another day. a sense of sorrow hangs heavy in the air at this clinic in bangladesh. 80% of the patients are rohingya muslim refugees, and many are malnourished children, the weakest of the weak. the mother of an 18—month—old summed up the nightmare of so many rohingya women. translation: we had to run from our village, but we had so little to eat. then, when we managed to get food, i couldn't feed my child. she's so sick, but if god wishes it, she'll survive. it is a depressing truth in this crisis that close to 60% of the more than half a million rohingya muslims who've escaped myanmar
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are children and teenagers. and they've seen some terrible things, like this girl. she's called this refugee camp in bangladesh home for almost two weeks. her story of the night she had to flee myanmar is depressingly familiar. villages torched, and her mother dying in the flames. "they're killing all the muslims," she told me. "slaughtering innocent rohingyas. "we have always been treated as lesser people in our own land. "now, they want to finish us off." but dangers lurk in exile, too. young women are vulnerable. and the chance of children falling into the hands of sexual predators or exploited for their labour is ever present. the families here have nothing. they are trying to survive on a daily basis. and some of them at some point might be tempted to give away one
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of their children for domestic work. you know, not going to school, sometimes sexual abuse. so, the risks are high. but there is light amidst all the gloom. children in the camps are getting vaccinated against cholera and other diseases. there's even a chance to watch cartoons. and youngsters are never allowed to feel ashamed of who they are. in this class, they're reciting nursery rhymes from their homeland. but some will never have the chance to return to myanmar. the day after we filmed mohammad, we were told he died. he was buried in a tiny grave before sundown. clive myrie, bangladesh, bbc news. our other top story this hour — the controversy over how president trump dealt with the family of a soldier killed in action has taken another turn. former marine and white house chief of staff generaljohn kelly — says he was "stunned" by the criticism made by a congresswoman who was with
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the family when they received a call from the president. sergeant la david johnson was one of four servicemen killed in niger by islamist militants earlier this month. here's some of what general kelly said: i was stunned when i came to work yesterday morning. and brokenhearted at what i saw a member of congress doing. the member of congress who listened in on a phone call from the president of the united states to a young wife. who, in his way, try to express that opinion. here's a brave man, falland express that opinion. here's a brave man, fall and he'll row. he knew he was getting himself into because he enlisted. there was no reason to yet he enlisted. it was where he wanted to be, exactly where he wanted to be with exactly the people he wanted to be with when his life was taken.
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that was the message. that was the message that was transmitted. it stu ns message that was transmitted. it stuns me that a member of congress would have listened in on that conversation. absolutely stuns me. and i thought at least that was sacred. john kelly had lost his own son in afghanistan. 0ur north america editorjon sopel was in the briefing room as kelly spoke. he explained to my colleaguejane 0'brien the politicised atmosphere the chief of staff found himself in. you could hear a pin drop in the briefing room as general kelly, who, as you say, lost his own son in afghanistan, and found that had been politicised earlier in the week when president trump, to justify his claim that he dealt with dead serviceman‘s families better than anyone else said, ask general kelly because barack anyone else said, ask general kelly because ba rack 0bama anyone else said, ask general kelly because barack 0bama did not call him when his son died. so you had john kelly trying to address and
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talking in painful detail the process of what goes on, of bringing a body back from the battlefield. it being packed in ice, going... the stages through it. it was a harrowing moments and general kelly had a clear agenda. he wanted to blast the congresswoman who had made public what the president had said. and your misguided and impression there that it is perfectly possible that both she was telling the truth and he was telling the truth. it may be that the president didn't express things with as felicitously as he could have done. nevertheless, his sentiment was honourable. it may be that she didn't quite well enough and that the family did take some offence. as you say, unsavoury, unseemly, whatever you want to call it, it is as though something sacred has been dragged through the mud. the european council president donald tusk has said there's no space for the eu to get involved in mediation over catalonia. he was speaking on the first
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day of an eu summit, and said the crisis over the region's bid for independence would not be widely discussed by european leaders. it's being called a scathing attack on president trump — one of his predecessors, george w bush, has criticised bullying and prejudice in today's american public life. though mr bush didn't mention his successor by name, he said that civic values were forgotten. the american dream of upward mobility seems out of reach for some who feel left behind in a changing economy. discontent deepened and sharpened. pardus and conflicts. bigotry seems emboldened. 0ur politics seems more vulnerable to conspiracy theories. and outright fabrication. the head of the cia — mike pompeo has said that a us—canadian couple kidnapped by islamist militants in afghanistan were held inside neighbouring pakistan for five years before being freed.
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it's the first time a us official has publicly stated that caitlan coleman, joshua boyle and their children spent their time in captivity in pakistan, contrary to accounts from pakistani officials. new zealand's new prime minister, labour's jacinda ardern is getting ready to put her plans for the country into action, after managing to put together a coalition. she gained the support of the small new zealand first party, whose leader winston peters said when faced with a decision between "modified status quo or change", he decided to go for change. in a minute, we'll hearfrom a previous labour prime minister, helen clark. but first, let's take a closer look at jacinda ardern. let's do this!
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decent healthcare for all new zealanders. so what canjacinda ardern expect as new zealand's third female prime
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minister. what better person to ask, than the country's second prime minister, helen clark, who won three elections for labour, and also worked with winston peters. i asked her what she made of his decision which has led to this coalition. quite incredible. it isjust 2.5 months since jacinda ardern became the leader of the new zealand labour party and here she is, having run a successful campaign and now, obviously, successful negotiations, and about to become the prime minister of new zealand. it is a meteoric rise we have never seen before in new zealand politics. you are an experienced politician and you have led new zealand for a number of years. three successive wins in an election campaign. what would your advice now be to jacinda
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as she embarks on one of the most importantjobs as she embarks on one of the most important jobs of her career? the three terms that i had were all leading minority coalition government is so do have a bit of experience in this. my advise would be to communicate, communicate, to communicate to the parties supporting you in government. in this case, the green party and the new zealand first party. leaders need to talk. the focal points of the officers need to talk. ministers need to talk with spokespeople. keep everybody communicating. if you can do that, there are no surprises and the ship will roll on. rolled on four me for nine years without, i recall, losing a parliamentary vote in that time. you say that with a big smile on your face. what should she be wary of them? she is facing a strong opposition. the opposition party, the national party actually polled rather well and it would be inhuman not to feel a little sorry
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for the alp gullwing prime minister because he got a good result. under proportional representation system, thatis proportional representation system, that is modelled on the german one, you have to be able to mobilise more than 50% of the votes in parliament in order to govern. the national party fell short of that. jacinda ardern has had the skills to negotiate an agreement that takes her over that line. if i might ask you a question about winston peters. he said that the party in the political system is now ready for change. —— the country and the political system. you have worked with him extensively for a number of yea rs. with him extensively for a number of years. how do you think what he says, his ideology, will be implemented by jacinda or can says, his ideology, will be implemented byjacinda or can it be? for the record, i worked very closely with him for the last three yea rs of closely with him for the last three years of my time as prime minister.
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we entered into an agreement based on working in good faith and i can say that we had no trouble with the implementation of that agreement. if he gives you his word, he keeps his word. we had a very smooth three yea rs of word. we had a very smooth three years of relationships with him and his party in that term. you sound very optimistic. we will take that positivity away with us on our. thank you forjoining us you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme... pollution is being linked to 9 million deaths every year. we will reveal the cities with the greatest hazard to our health. also in the programme. . . hazard to our health. also in the programme... hollywood actor tom hanks gives us his thoughts on the sexual abuse scandal and how he hopes it may shake up the industry. a historic moment that many of his victims have waited
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for for decades. the former dictator in the dock, older, slimmer and, as he sat down, obedient enough. dawn, and as the sun breaks through the piercing chill of night on the plain outside korem, it lights up a biblicalfamine, now, in the 20th century. the depressing conclusion — in argentina today, it is actually cheaper to paper your walls with money. we've had controversies in the past with great britain but as good friends, we have always found a good and lasting solution. concorde bows out in style after almost three decades in service. an aircraft that has enthralled its many admirers for so long taxis home one last time. this is newsday on the bbc.
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i'm sharanjit leyl in singapore. i'm babita sharma in london. our top stories: the un says as many as twelve thousand children are crossing into bangladesh every week, as they flee the violence in myanmar. many desperately need medical help. the white house chief of staffjohn kelly says he is stunned that donald trump has been criticised for the call he made to a military widow. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. many asian newspapers are continuing with their extensive coverage of the second day of the chinese communist party congress. the south china morning post looks at some of president xi jinping's close allies who could be about to get a top job.
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the china daily also unsurprisingly is almost completely absorbed by the congress in beijing. this story is dedicated to the fight against corruption among the party ranks. "corrupt up—and—comers can't hide" reads the title. the japan times instead quotes the remarks of us secretary of state rex tillerson on india and china. the article says this. the us vowed to work with india in preference to china over the next century. and finally, the international new york times opens with a picture from raqqa, the syrian city that's liberated by isis. but the paper says the terror group is still not vanquished and might go back to guerrilla warfare. now, babita, what story is sparking discussions online? it's the moment when three of europe's leading politicians decided to make their conversation a little less public. this is brussels, and the eu summit in the centre is the british prime
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minister theresa may, who is, of course, overseeing brexit. and flanking her is chancellor angela merkel of germany and france's president emmanuel macron. it's this moment, the three of them trying to avoid the eyes and ears of the watching media, that's got everyone talking. quite what it was, only the three of them will ever know. time and again we've reported on china's so—called "air—pocalypse" and on india's polluted rivers and places where the soil was left dead by the use of chemicals. now, a major report in the scientificjournal the lancet estimates the burden of pollution on our own health. it says nine million deaths in the world are linked to some form of pollution each year. that's one in six deaths. air pollution is the biggest culprit, linked to 6.5 million deaths. water pollution kills 1.8 million people. and where do they happen? well, nine in ten cases are in low—to middle—income countries. pollution is linked to one quarter
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of all deaths in somalia, central african republican and chad. it's a similar picture in india, but with a bigger population, more than two—and—a—half million deaths are linked to pollution there. and it contributed to more than 1.8 million deaths in china, making up one fifth of the total deaths in that country. let's speak now to richard fuller. he's co—chair of the global commission on pollution and health and president of pure earth. he joins me from new york. he designed this report. welcome. tell us about this report. many statistics to talk about. is it telling us anything new? it is the first time we have taken pollution asa first time we have taken pollution as a whole, all of the different aspects. air, water, soil, and
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exposures in the workplace, and brought them all in one place, and to measure the economic cost, as well as health effects on the people of the world. 0k. one well as health effects on the people of the world. ok. one of the writers, your colleague, says pollution and poverty and poor health and social injustice are intertwined. how much more exposed are poor nations? well, much more, asi are poor nations? well, much more, as i think you understand very much from your perspective in southeast asia. pollution is an endemic part of life throughout south east asia and south asia. it impacts an enormous amount of people with death and disability. but what it also does is it impacts children, especially in terms of their development and their ability to become bright and capable citizens
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of the future. i think, umm, when you look at statistics and see how much of an impact it has, it is something we need to put more attention into than we have so far. it is interesting because the report goes into looking at stages of development a country is going through to assess just how badly polluted those countries are. correct. as you see countries go through this industrialisation and urbanisation we have seen, you can see a burden from that time of pollution that goes on top of the sanitation issues you see in very, very poor countries. those two together produce just enormous impacts on health. what solutions would you suggest? what do you propose in the report to mitigate this? this is the good story in it all. these things have well structured solutions. there are
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examples. bangkok has done well with air pollution. china is flattening out the impact of air pollution in their country as well. there is a lot to do in different areas. but we do know how to solve these problems. time and time again, it is about bringing those solutions to bear. thank you very much. police in los angeles have opened an investigation against harvey weinstein regarding sexual assault allegations that date back to 2013. earlier this month police in new york and in london also began investigating similar claims against the movie producer. and according to oscar—winning actor tom hanks, there's now no way weinstein will ever be able to work in hollywood again. he was speaking to our arts editor, will gompertz, in new york, to mark the publication of his new book of short stories. one thing about the hermes 2000. it was a lot heavier than the toy typewriter.
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the green carrying case banged against her legs as she carried it home. she stopped twice, putting the machine down, not because she needed to rest, but because her palm had gotten sweaty. were you worried about coming out as a novelist? well, petrified, of course. i still can't believe that people have put my stories in a book and are going to try to make people pay in order to read them. it's astounding. all these, broadly speaking, are set in america. what was the picture you were trying to paint? america is a place of relentless ongoing chances. you don'tjust get second chances in the united states, you get third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh chances. you get to remake yourself in the united states. is there any chance for harvey weinstein to come back? no. no, i think we're in a watershed moment. this is...
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this is a sea change. i think his last name will become a noun and verb. he'll become an identifying moniker for a state of being for which there is a before and an after. i don't... no, not at all. imean, no. perhaps all men, myself included, should pipe down and not try to explain it and not try to comment on it. certainly not to try to defend it. i was talking to a very famous, very well—respected actress who is a very good friend of yours who said almost entirely the opposite. she said it's time for the men to stand up and do something. oh well. i'm saying that first we've got to hear from everybody so that we understand how vast and how all—encompassing this was. that's a. b is it's all got to change. talking of america,
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just touching on donald trump... 0k! is he a character you would like to play? oh no, dear lord no. we've had fools that have governed us and we've had brilliant people that have governed us but sometimes the fool ‘s got more stuff done than the brilliant people. who is governing you at the moment? fool or brilliant? oh, well... let's not say brilliant. that was the actor tom hanks speaking to will gompertz. you have been watching newsday. stay with us. and then there were none. we'll be looking at the australian manufacturer as the last holden to be fully manufactured in australia rolls off the production line. that's all for now. stay with bbc world news.
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hello. pretty grey for thursday. wet weather as well. heavy showers. rain lasting through the evening and in tonight. there is a squeeze in the isobars around low pressure bringing heavy rain through thursday and overnight. gales with this. this is the next set of autumnal gales. friday, it starts grey and gloomy. fogged in northern ireland and york and further north. low cloud and hill fog with low pressure further south. improving as the day goes on. dry and bright weather and even sunshine. that is until this next area of low pressure comes in bringing rain to northern ireland, wales, in the south—west. despite fresh air, it will be cold but
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bright in the afternoon. a grey start. the evening. the rain rattling east on strengthening winds. the game might be dry, west ham, brighton. not too far away. gales, severe gales, quite widely in southern and western areas. south—east ten areas, the first gales of the season. 60, locally, 70 around the coast. with the wet ground, that could bring down trees and disruption. this storm coincides with spring tides as well. dangerously large waves around the coast to be avoided. it looks like it will be a bit of a feature across the uk. southern areas especially. strong and gusty winds further west, eventually getting into ireland in
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south—west scotland. as well as that, wet weather. ahead of that, despite the wind, dry and bright weather on saturday and in eastern areas. 16 degrees. it will be the wettest weather in the way of, especially with these showers. saturday night, a low. pressure pulling away. a westerly wind driving them east. another showery day going into sunday. eastern areas are best. day going into sunday. eastern areas a re best. clearly, day going into sunday. eastern areas are best. clearly, there are warnings out. stay up—to—date with those warnings. they are on the website. i'm babita sharma with bbc world news. our top story. the united nations says twelve thousand rohingya children are fleeing into bangladesh from myanmar every week. many of them are in urgent need of medical attention. aid workers say they are struggling to cope with the high numbers of children at risk of dying. donald trump's chief of staff, john kelly, has said he was stunned by the criticism of the president's phone call to comfort the family of a sergeant ladavid johnson,
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who died while serving in niger. and this video is trending on it's the moment when three of europe's leading politicians decided to make their conversation a little less public. both the french president and german chancellor decided to keep their advice to the british prime minister private. what they actually said on their way into an eu summit in brussels is still a mystery.
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