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tv   Our World  BBC News  November 4, 2017 9:30pm-10:01pm GMT

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you're watching bbc news. the latest headlines: state media in saudi arabia say the military had shot down a ballistic missile that was fired from yemen. a loud explosion was heard in riyadh though no reports of injuries. iran has denied accusations is destabilising lebanon. the claims we re destabilising lebanon. the claims were made by the lebanese prime minister, who announced his resignation earlier. he said he stood down because his life is in danger. president donald trump and his wife have left hawaii on their way to japan. tokyo will be their first stop which were taken in south korea, china and the philippines. aus korea, china and the philippines. a us historian says he has been told by former president bushs that neither voted for donald trump and razie uber election. the elder bush voted for clinton and his son abstained. at ten o'clock, rachel
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schofield will be here with a full round—up of the day's news, intel then, our world. —— round—up of the day's news, intel then, ourworld. —— untilthen, our world. street by street, so—called islamic state is losing its last footholds in iraq and syria. the caliphate is almost finished on the battlefield but what of the children whose minds it moulded? the families who became part of islamic state? i have come to northern iraq to find those now trying to rebuild their lives after isis, to meet its child soldiers... if you didn't say the right thing, how did the punish you? ..its former slaves. ..and to search for some of the families of foreigners who chose to join isis. many of them have now disappeared without trace. children singing. in a classroom in northern
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iraq, they are singing to overcome their memories. these nine and ten year olds were all captives of so—called islamic state, where music was forbidden. chldren singing. from their smiles, you might not guess the violence they have seen but they are all scarred by it. isis enslaved this brother and sister three years ago. in the time of isis, what did you...what was it like then? what did they tell you about the guns? the children at this
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rehabilitation centre are yazidis, a part of the non—muslim minority singled out for particular cruelty by isis. in 2014, their villages were seized and thousands of men murdered on the spot. the women were sold into slavery and children taken for re—education, to serve the so—called caliphate. what did they say about your family? when first they talk about their experience, it was not actually easy and good but now they can express it in a different way. at first they were just too scared to talk about it? yeah.
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now they can talk about it but... freely. in a better way. like they do not express it with so much — i wouldn't say anger but they feel comfortable and relaxed now. now, every day brings more yazidi children to camps like this one, as they return from captivity. and many not only witnessed atrocities, they became instruments in the isis project themselves. the terror group trained thousands of boys like these. they called them lion cubs of the caliphate. they were fighters, informers, suicide bombers. more than 50 boys blew themselves up defending the biggest isis—held city, mosul, before it fell injuly. some were children were foreign fighters, others recruited or kidnapped from localfamilies. boys chanting.
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this 14—year—old yazidi boy reunited with his fatherjust three weeks ago but his three years away have left a gulf between them. he has lost his native language, kurdish, and was forcibly converted to the isis version of islam. you spent all of that time, and they were teaching guns, they were teaching you about the koran. what were they telling you about the koran? if you did not say the right things, how did they punish you? he nearly was killed, as he was launched into an attack just five months ago, over the syrian border. how is your leg now?
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who did they say the enemy was? the infidels, the non—muslims. according to isis, his own father is an infidel and, after three years, not surprisingly, part of the boys‘s mind may still belong to the group he was forced to fight for. what do they show, the videos? these two children, returning from their music class, are taking me to meet their mother. mother and daughter were separated from the boy, rayan, when isis captured them.
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the family later paid a $28,000 ransom for his release. rayan never had to fight for isis but his mother says that, while he was in captivity, he became attracted to weapons. as for the mother, she suffered the fate of all capturer yazidi women. she was forced to be a domestic servant and sex slave. her capturers‘s wives, she says, were as cruel as the men themselves. and other localfamilies did nothing did nothing to help her or the yazidis.
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she says many relatives are still in that living hell. now, there are still some family members missing, yes? that's a lot! because they say now that daesh is almost defeated, that everywhere is almost liberated. where do you think they are, where could they be? her sister—in—law says there is another problem, isis families may now be passing off captive yazidis as their own children. this four—year—old yazidi boy was filmed in mosul, earlier this year, with his isis fosterfather.
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he is dressed already as though for battle and there is a kalashnikov against the back wall. the boy is obviously totally dependent on the man, he can have only the vaguest memories of his realfamily. here he is again, looking queasy in the back of a car, as his guardian films him on a drive through mosul. where they're going, noone can tell. the boy has now been rescued by this man, khalil al—dakhi. he is a lawyer, and now devotes himself full—time searching for lost yazidi children and reuniting them with theirfamilies, despite the efforts of isis to hang on to them. that kid is only four years old.
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it'll be years before — however young they start — before he can become an isis soldier oi’ even a slave oi’ anything like that. from the looks in the video, it almost looks as though the man is being kind to him. khalil has rescued more than 200 children and women slaves, over the past two years. he has a network across iraq and syria that constantly searches for lost and trapped yazidis. he says that some isis families
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are living undetected, among other displaced people in camps, and have taken the captives with them. even now, though, the slaves are still too scared to try to escape. millions of people displaced by war now live in camps across iraq and syria. how could you hope to find all the remaining yezidi slaves amid this chaos?
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but there are other women and children also lost in the aftermath of islamic state's collapse. families of foreigners who chose to join the group. in the dying days of the caliphate, they have been desperate to escape its clutches. this is a russian muslim mother of three. i will call her zainab, although it isn't her real name. she and her sister were both married to isis fighters. they say their husbands kidnapped their children and took them to isis territory. zainab and her sister came to try to retrieve them but got trapped. zainab sent me frantic messages as isis collapsed around her. then there was this, to another contact, before her account was silenced. relatives of other lost isis
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families, particularly from muslim parts of the former soviet union, have also contacted me as i've been researching this story. one of them is malika. she spoke to me from chechnya about her daughter, seda, and two small granddaughters who were with isis in mosul, and are now lost. here is a family video of other russians living under isis in raqqa, in syria. isis wanted children like this to belong to the islamic state if theirfathers died. now, their fathers are mostly dead, but isis has fallen,
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and desperate grandparents back in russia have no idea what has happened to the women and children. grandmothers like her have asked me to find out anything i can. and finally, i do get a clue. i've just heard that a kidnapped yezidi girl has been reunited with her relatives. she was rescued from one of hundreds of foreign isis families detained by the iraqi authorities after the group's defeat. were some of the lost russian muslim children there with her?
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were there a lot of other children in the prison? i showed madiya the photos i'd been sent by russian grandmothers. were any of these children with her in the detention camp, where there were so many foreign families? oh, really? madiya has said she didn't know the girl's name but i recognise her too — she's the daughter of one of the women who sent desperate messages as they tried to flee isis. later, i discover that herfamily
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has survived and will soon be sent back to russia. but what of the other lost children i'm searching for? that child looks familiar. but i don't know. are they all — are they all from the same family? yes. 0k. they — there was 1,400 who arrived at one of our emergency sites. it wasn't something we were expecting. i don't think any of the children ever smiled at us, any of us. aid worker melanie markham saw the same foreign families that madiya was with in this camp for displaced people, before they were taken to the detention centre. no names of those there have been released by the authorities. some of the mothers may now be prosecuted for complicity in isis crimes. but melanie believes that the children should be returned to other relatives. two thirds of this group
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were children, so they would never be charged with a crime. and i saw tiny babies — what were they guilty of? so those children need to be with theirfamilies, and with people who care for them. and whatever way that can happen, the authorities and humanitarian organisations need to work together to ensure that. but the suffering of isis wives and children means little to yezidi families like madiya's. they've lost far more. gathering to welcome her back, they also lament her murdered father and her mother, sister, and brother, all kidnapped and still missing. hefa is a 19—year—old yezidi who has returned.
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herfather was murdered when isis took over their village three years ago. she was taken prisoner, along with her two sisters, and they all suffered more than three years of sexual slavery, passed from one isis rapist to another. but today, she is going for a ceremony that is meant to help cleanse women like her. hefa has come to the yezidi's holiest place, lalish. it's a complex of shrines where her people have celebrated their unique religion for hundreds of years — a religion isis regarded as devil worship. yezidi children have always come here for a form of baptism but now, that ceremony is repeated for those like hefa, returning from isis captivity. before leaving lalish, there are other prescribed rituals
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that hefa, her sisters and her brother should also perform. reconnecting with their faith comforts them, they say, but they're not planning to stay here in their historic homeland. now, what do you think your future will be? so you would you would leave all of these places behind? you'd leave lalish? you'd leave everywhere, forever? 0ne ceremony involves throwing a cloth over a pillar.
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if it lands, it's good luck, and that's something hefa and that all of the other victims of isis desperately deserve now. but what this family is wishing for is asylum in australia, and many of the yezidis want to leave too. isis may be defeated but they know that escaping the black shadow it's cast over this region will take much, much longer. we have had some wet weather, some sunny weather, some cold weather already this weekend and we will continue to see a bit of everything as we head through the week ahead. sunday starts with some showers and this chilly north—westerly winds, but as this area of high pressure
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sta rts but as this area of high pressure starts to build its way in from the south—west, things will settle down. the showers tend to fade away. they would do a while to do so, an area of showers drifting southwards into the afternoon, but for most, as we entered the day, some good spells of sunshine. windy to the south west and north east. temperatures struggling. these are the afternoon highs, 7—11. as we had through sunday night, bonfire night, it will get very chilly and of these clear skies. it's where we will keep the clear skies that we will see the lowest temperatures. quite a widespread frost. towns and cities down to freezing or a touch above, in the countryside may be down to —5 minus six celsius. for some, monday starting with a bit of frost but a bright start. further west, things beginning to change because of this frontal system. this front will be the major player in our weather as we head through the first part of the working week, bringing some
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outbreaks of rain. the from making slow progress. yes, things will cloud over in northern ireland and south—west scotland. 0utbrea ks cloud over in northern ireland and south—west scotland. outbreaks of heavy persistent rain. not much rain in england and wales, just turning cloudy and damp in the west. and after the frosty start, holding onto some sunshine all day in east anglia and the selfies. front still drifting slowly and erratically on tuesday, wriggling around on top of the british isles. the rain eventually pulling away from scotla nd eventually pulling away from scotland and northern ireland on tuesday on setting in in northern and western parts of england and wales. the south—east will be windy and a bit milder, 13 in london, but turning colder again out west, just 9 degrees in belfast. this is a cold front introducing colder air. the front, finally, we suspect will clear to the east by the first part of wednesday and then back to this area of high pressure, trying to ta ke area of high pressure, trying to take control of things from the south—west. wednesday, a window of mainly fine weather, could be some frost and fog to start, there can
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spells of sunshine, a little cooler at this stage, 9—11, but then it all happens again. that will bring some cold airagain happens again. that will bring some cold air again across the country. probably not as cold as it is at the moment but still cold enough for any showers that fall across northern areas, particular in scotland, to be wintry over high ground, some sleet and snow over the hills and mountains, sunshine and showers generally across the country and what will be a chilly and breezy day. the pressure pattern as we move from thursday to friday looks like this, low—pressure drifting away and this, low—pressure drifting away and this area of high pressure trying to muscle its way in. probably a drier day to come on friday. as we head into mexican, the pattern continues. high pressure exerting its influence at times and at other times drifting to the south—west, allowing areas of low pressure to move in from the north—west, bringing outbreaks of rain. the wettest weather will
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a lwa ys rain. the wettest weather will always be towards the north and north—west. still cold enough for some snow in higher ground in scotland. a bit of everything to come during the week ahead. this is bbc news. i'm rachel schofield. the headlines at 10: snp minister mark mcdonald has resigned from the holyrood government amid allegations about his private life. as the political turmoil at westminster continues, labour's shadow chancellor john mcdonnell calls for agreement on an independent system to tackle sexual harassment. when all the political parties meet my view is that there should be an element of independence in there, particularly for support as well so people can feel confident about where they can report these things and at the same time how it can be dealt with. the white house downplays a major report by us government scientists which is at odds with the president's stance on global warming. lebanese prime minister saad al—hariri resigns, saying
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that he fears for his life. and in a shock result boreham wood beat blackpool ion the first
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