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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  December 4, 2017 10:00pm-10:31pm GMT

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tonight at ten. no breakthrough yet in the latest round of brexit talks. the future of northern ireland is the main issue. theresa may and jean—claude juncker say good progress has been made but more talks are needed later this week. some differences do remain which require further negotiation and consultation. this is not a failure. this is the start of the very last run. i am very confident that we will reach agreement in the course of this week. the irish border is the big challenge with the dup saying they'll resist any plans to align northern ireland with the rest of the eu. we have been very clear, northern ireland must leave the european union on the same terms as the rest of the united kingdom. what does that mean for this 300 miles of border? what customs posts
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we re miles of border? what customs posts were generally regarded as a thing of the past. and the irish government says it's surprised and disappointed at the outcome of today's talks. we'll have the latest. also tonight. the us supreme court allows president trump's travel ban against six mainly muslim countries to go into full effect. yemen's former president, ali abdullah saleh, has been killed after seeking a new alliance in the country's devastating civil war. a plan for zero tolerance of plastic waste in the oceans is being discussed at a united nations summit on pollution. and, australia remain in command of the second ashes test in adelaide despite a fightback by england. and coming up the fa cup third round draw throws up a merseyside derby. everton will travel to neighbours liverpool in january. good evening.
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there was no deal agreed in brussels today to move on to the next phase of the brexit talks, despite all the expectation that agreement was on the cards. the prime minister is believed to have broken off from talks with the president of the european commission — after an intervention by the democratic unionist party of northern ireland — mrs may's parliamentary partners. they were raising concerns about a possible solution to the issue of the border between northern ireland and the republic. further talks will now take place later this week, as our political editor laura kuenssberg reports from brussels. here to reveal the deal, or was it slipping away? the prime minister didn't exactly look delighted, but after weeks of trying to grip a deal, it seemed it was on.
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she'd only parked up for lunch, but it turned into a long lunch, and then later and later. by tea—time, look at their faces. it was off for today. it's clear crucially we want to move foort together but on a couple of issues some differences do remain by require further negotiation and consultation and those will continue but we will reconvene before the end of the week and i am also confident that we will conclude this positively. didn't feel very positively. didn't feel very positive this afternoon. despite our best efforts and significant progress, we and our teams have made over the past days on this, there remain withdrawal issues. it was not possible to reach complete agreement today. despite all the hope and aefgs the
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negotiating teams leave brussels today without a deal. so different today without a deal. so different to this morning. listen to this. sure—ish that the uk government would give enough to make it work, even despite what's been described as a contradiction over the irish border. as long as we have the commitment that there will be full alignment, it's ok, there will be no border. so, as far as you're concerned, sir, the text includes a concession from the british government over the northern irish border? right, but is that a surprise to you? the british government created for itself a contradiction. nothing today? no props peth today? i'm optimistic that it is possible. 50—50 to have something. but we have to be sure that on citizens rights, everything is ok. but watch this. as suggestions of a deal became the accepted truth, the dup, whose support theresa may needs, slammed on the brakes.
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we have been very clear. northern ireland must leave the european union on the same terms as the rest of the united kingdom, and we will not accept any form of regulatory divergence which separates northern ireland. as time ticked on, 20 minutes later, the prime minister broke off her meetings in brussels to phone mrs foster. i understand the dup made it plain they could not support the proposed deal. the precise opposite to the irish leader who has pushed and pushed, and talked of his shock. i'm surprised and disappointed that the british government now appears not to be in a position to conclude what was agreed earlier today. i accept that the prime minister has asked for more time, and i know that she faces many challenges. and i acknowledge that she is negotiating in good faith. uk government sources are eager to play down the idea that a deal today was ever a dead cert. but a document
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had been put together and accepted by officials on both sides. senior politicians here in brussels and in dublin had gone on the record to suggest it was pretty much done. it was only when it became clear that the prime minister's allies found it unpalatable that suddenly the deal was off. there is no question that it's suddenly all over, tonight there is no clear way back. those close to her claim it's not just the tories reliance on the dup that sunk the deal for today. yet she leaves having taken so many steps, but not moved very much further forward. today's intervention from the democratic unionist party was the latest reminder of the extreme difficulty of resolving the question of the future border between northern ireland and the republic. the dup said it could not accept any solution which meant northern ireland would be treated separately to the rest of the uk. in dublin, the taioseach leo
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varadkar said he was surprised and disappointed at the british government's approach. let's join our correspondent chris buckler on the border tonight. all along this border you will find old huts that were once customs posts. no one wants a return of them oi’ posts. no one wants a return of them or what sometimes is called a hard border. however, the dup has become concerned about what it sees as the potential price for keeping these roads completely open. it's worried that trading ties with the republic of ireland are prioritised over those with the rest of the uk and they could put in place difference and division between here, northern ireland and great britain. that is extremely politically sensitive and it's also extremely awkward for theresa may who relies on the dup support in the commons. the journey to a brexit deal is proving far from easy. the uk and the eu still have to find
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a way through the many problems posed by these border roads. the irish government are insisting that there should be no change along the 310 miles that connect northern ireland and the republic, that this should remain an invisible border. south of that dividing line in dundalk, which will stay a part of the european union, people started the day believing there was a prospect of a december deal. and for owners of shops like this, keeping trading rules and regulations the same across this island would be quite a gift. there's no restrictions at all. if you take stuff down, you can take it with you in the morning, you don't have to go through the customs. i remember what it was like, you lost a day going the customs in newry and then to dundalk. after a while, it's like everything else, when it's gone a while, you forget how bad it was, you know. but the dup hold quite a few cards in what is proving to be a grown—up game of poker. they worry that the trade—off for ensuring customs posts don't return to this island's roads could be new divisions and trading differences within the uk.
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potentially even new checks at ports for ships travelling between northern ireland and britain — what has been called a border in the irish sea. and north of the irish border in newry, many felt the conservatives had no choice but to listen to the democratic unionists, because they hold the balance of power at westminster. may needs the dup at the moment. could that scupper this deal? i think it might, because if they pull the plug, it will be a general election. still part of the uk, so that's the way it will work. but these are towns which rely on euros as well as pounds. and they worry that any border could put off visitors and their cash. you see, if they put a hard border, it would more or less destroy towns like newry and enniskillen, the border towns. currently, there appears to be a stark choice of a border on land or sea. to avoid that the whole uk could agree to follow the eu's rules,
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but the government are desperate to avoid any commitments ahead of discussing trade, and despite talk of technology, it's becoming difficult to see a simple solution. chris buckler, bbc news, newry. we'll talk to our political editor laura kuenssberg who's in brussels tonight but first to our europe editor katya adler. what is the view there in brussels tonight as about what happened there today? well, brussels has been left really rather open—mouthed. i have been told by sources close to the commission president as far as they we re commission president as far as they were concerned theresa may came here to do were concerned theresa may came here todoa were concerned theresa may came here to do a deal, all of the details we re to do a deal, all of the details were on the table and eu pens were poised to sign off on that next phase of brexit talks. of course at the back of negotiators' minds was this idea that the government in ireland might try to slam on the
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bra kes ireland might try to slam on the brakes of a breakthrough on brexit today but the dup‘s actions took eve ryo ne today but the dup‘s actions took everyone here completely by surprise. this all played out in this building behind me where theresa may was having a high powered lunch with the eu commission president, an eu diplomat described the scene and said she was put in an impossible position with what he said was a domestic political gun to the head as she realised her government could collapse all around her. there is brave talk here tonight in brussels that the drama today was not a failure, that the eu and the uk are closer than ever before on key brexit issues. but while that may all be true, it's also true that there is a return to frustration in eu circles that the eu feels once again that it's having to tread brexit water while waiting for uk domestic politics to play out. if theresa may can find wording over ireland that is acceptable to the dup, that doesn't ailianate
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dublin she's been invited back here to brussels by the latest on monday iam to brussels by the latest on monday i am told to try once again to firm up i am told to try once again to firm up this deal to widen brexit talks ahead of a key eu leaders' summit here in mid—december. laura, can we talk about theresa may's position. how much of a setback was today for her? well, is ita setback was today for her? well, is it a complete disaster? no. does it mean this process is totally doomed? no, it does not. is it a significant disappointment? yes, it is. officially the line out of government tonight is that number 10 was not taking a deal for granted, they did not believe that it was completely nailed on, that it was all in the bag. but a government source has told me that as recently as this morning the prime minister was told that the dup had been squared off, that essentially the road was clear for a deal. we know that all the mood music from this end and from dublin crucially was heading that way too. i think what's
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difficult for theresa may tonight is it's not as if the eu are the ones who seem to have thrown a spanner in the works. the kind of thing that could easily be dismissed by claiming that brussels was playing ha rd claiming that brussels was playing hard ball. the impression rather is that she has been wrong—footed by the dup, a group that is meant to be oi'i the dup, a group that is meant to be on her side. tonight things are left with this contradiction in place with this contradiction in place with no clear way back to really find an answer. perhaps the broader difficulty that this issue really highlights is what the uk really wants in terms of the future relationship. do we want a situation where we are still mirroring the eu, where we are still mirroring the eu, where we are still mirroring the eu, where we are still highly aligned to use that jargon? or do we want what others around the cabinet table want, something much looser where we can strike out on our own? that question has not been satisfyorily resolved over northern ireland but arguably the bigger problem is that
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it hasn't been resolved for the whole country either and theresa may has only got a few days to make some progress. thank you. the former president of yemen, ali abdullah saleh, has been killed just days after abandoning an alliance with a rebel group at the centre of the country's civil war. the current crisis started in 2015, when houthi rebels, believed to be backed by iran, took control of parts of the country. a coalition, led by saudi arabia, then began a campaign of airstrikes to try to oust them. saleh ran the country for more than 30 years and had been seeking talks to bring back the internationally recognised government. 0ur middle east editor jeremy bowen reports. ali abdullah saleh‘s house has been destroyed by the houthis. they might not be able to break the power of his extended family
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and the tribal network that helped him hold power in yemen for 30 years. a houthi tank crew near the house celebrated. a fighter said, "thank god for the great victory and the end of the most corrupt leader in the islamic world." houthi fighters killed saleh as he tried to flee sana, the capital, for his home town. mobile phone video of his corpse had echoes of the downfall of another long serving arab leader, libya's colonel gaddafi six years ago. since saleh‘s death people have been running for cover, as saudi—led air strikes hit houthi targets. sa na's ha rd—pressed hospitals took in more patients. the war was already a man—made catastrophe. the un fears that new political uncertainty after saleh could make it worse. key components such as fuel and food are in short supply. we need those to maintain our support to seven million people who are in a really bad state.
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with famine round the corner and the cholera re—emergence again makes it a very tragic future i think. for almost a week sana has been rocked by yet another front in yemen's war, as saleh‘s men and the houthis fought for the city. the fighting followed months of tension between them world then on saturday, he announced it was time for a new page, with the saudi—led coalition, that since 2015 has been bombing yemen to try to destroy the houthis. saleh had been a force in yemen, usually a dominant one, since the 1970s. he was a president for 3h years. world leaders courted him as a necessary man ina leaders courted him as a necessary man in a highly strategic place. saleh called governing yemen,
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dancing on the heads of snakes. he was very good at doing deals with yemen's tribes. but it looks as if he tried to make one deal too many, switching sides in the war and to stop it happening, the houthis were prepared to kill him. the houthis area prepared to kill him. the houthis are a powerful yemeni faction. they swept into sana in 2014 in alliance with saleh and his men. it's about more than who controls these streets for saudi arabia and its allies. they say the houthis take orders from iran, so the conflict here became part of the bigger confrontation across the middle east between the saudis and the iranians. yemen was the poorest arab country before the war pushed it to a new level of misery. saleh‘s killing could create more chaos, making the lives of yemenis, who've become pawns in the quarrels of much bigger
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battles, even more hellish. jeremy bowen, bbc news. within the past hour, the us supreme court has allowed president trump's travel ban — against people from six mainly—muslim countries — to take full effect, even though legal challenges continue in lower courts. let's join our north america editor, jon sopel, in washington. is it all over now? what does it mean now, is the the travel ban in place forever? this is going to grind on for some time yet as lower courts make their judgments. the really significant pa rt judgments. the really significant part of this, as far as donald trump is concerned, is the first time that one of the travel bans will come into force in its entirety. the nine—person supreme court, roughly speaking five conservative, four liberal, has voted 7—2 in the president's favour. that's a pretty strong indication that when the process has ground on for months or even process has ground on for months or eve n yea rs , process has ground on for months or even years, it will come down in the favour of the president. a lot has been made of donald trump's reveils
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over the russia inquiry, over his spat with theresa may last week, but at the weekend, his tax reform proposals were passed in the senate and now, the supreme court has taken and now, the supreme court has taken a big step in allowing the travel ban to go ahead. for that, donald trump will be immensely happy. jon, many thanks. earlier today, president trump faced criticism for his decision to reduce the size of two vast preservation areas, which contain some of america's most stunning scenery. the parks in utah were designated as national monuments by presidents clinton and 0bama. some critics say the move could pave the way for mining and drilling. mr trump was speaking in salt lake city, from where our correspondent james cook sent this report. nothing on earth prepares you for the valley of the gods. it looks like another planet.
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but this is the heart of the bears ears nature reserve in utah, although it seems not for much longer. for bruce adams, victory is at hand. come on! the rancher has been fighting to return federal lands to state control for years and now he's found his champion. i am just so grateful to president trump because he's not your ordinary politician. he believes in rural people. he believes in local decision—making. hundreds of miles north, this was the welcome for mr trump in salt lake city. he confirmed he was slashing the bears ears preservation area by 85% and cutting another protected area in half. some people think that the natural resources of utah should be controlled by a small handful of very distant bureaucrats located in washington.
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and guess what? they're wrong. in one of the poorest counties in the country these residents back the decision. some see an opportunity to mine for minerals or drill for oil. whether or not there are valuable resources under this landscape is controversial and contested. but above the ground, there are many treasures. these are hollows where the native people of this land ground their corn, perhaps 1,000 years ago. and this is where they stored that corn. but unfortunately, there's also evidence here of looting. the battle to save sacred sites, like this ancient dwelling, is being waged by native americans who are now a minority in this mainly mormon state. this is a struggle since the day the white people came here. the mormons came to this area in 1879. since the day they came, it has been destruction,
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destruction, looting, looting, looting. some of the rock art here may date back 10,000 years or more. but it was just 12 months ago when president 0bama declared this a protected area. president trump's fans say his plan to reverse that gives power to the people. his opponents call it cultural vandalism. james cook bbc news, bears ears in utah. a brief look at some of the day's other other news stories. the metropolitan police commissioner, cressida dick, has suggested that two retired officers, who alleged pornography was found on a cabinet minister's computer, could be prosecuted, if it's found to be untrue. she said bob quick and neil lewis breached confidentiality rules, when they made their assertions about damian green. mr green denies watching or downloading pornography on the machine. six former catalan ministers have been released from prison, but a spanish supreme courtjudge
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has refused to grant bail to two others and to two activists, who were arrested after the region declared independence. their leader, carles puigdemont, has attended an extradition hearing in belgium with four other former ministers. ten people — including two brothers — have been arrested in malta in connection with the murder of the journalist, daphne ca ruana galizia. she died when her car was blown up by a bomb. her family believe she was killed because of her investigations into corruption. there's been a significant increase in the number of children and pensioners in poverty, according to thejoseph rowntree foundation. the charity says that over the past four years an extra 700,000 children and pensioners in the uk fell into what's called " relative poverty". that's defined as households with less than 60% of the median income — the middle value of all incomes. the foundation says it's the first time in 20 years that these groups have seen sustained rises.
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0ur social affairs correspondent, michael buchanan, reports. here you are, francis, haven't you had any yet? this drop—in centre is a second home to flo singleton, a source of friendship, laughter and warmth. the 84—year—old has seen her pension increase in recent years, but pension credit, a benefit paid to the poorest pensioners, has not been similarly protected. she lives on £160 per week. it's a struggle, says flo. if you go out, you don't have to have your heating on, do you? trouble is, once it's dark in the evenings now, and cold, you have to put your heating on, don't you? so you go on the bus just to keep warm? yeah. well, you know! yeah! it's lovely and warm on the bus. and then you sort of try and extend it as long as you can. even though you've got to nowhere to go? yeah.
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it's mad, isn't it? the number of people in absolute poverty, not having enough food or water to live on, has fallen by 500,000 since 2010, say ministers. but today's figures refer to relative poverty, having a lot less than most other people. since 1994/95, the number of people in relative poverty has fallen slightly. for pensioners, the decrease was quite dramatic, then recently started rising. child poverty also fell, albeit more slightly. then it too began increasing. from around 2012, we finally saw wages start to outstrip inflation once more, so that meant incomes, particularly middle—income households, started to grow in real terms. that meant they started to pull further away from those on low incomes, who, over the same period, were also affected by cuts to benefits. the mantra has long been, if you're poor, get a job, and for most people, that is indeed the case. but increasingly for
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the poor, it is not true. today's report finds that one in eight workers don't earn enough money to avoid being in poverty. when cameron was born, his mother karla had to give up work. living on basic benefits has been trying. she has sometimes had to skip meals. but now he's six months old, the single mum would like to return to work, but she fears being unable to find flexible childcare for a zero—hours job as a learning disability support worker. i really did want to be able to go back to work. it just isn't reliable enough and secure enough. i need and he needs security, stability. we need routine. and without that, it's never going to be a settled life. the government say they're spending £90 billion a year supporting working—age people in need.
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such sums are not, however, preventing increasing numbers of people from falling into poverty. michael buchanan, bbc news. a plan for zero tolerance of plastic waste ending up in the oceans is being discussed at a united nations summit on pollution. it's estimated that as much as eight million tonnes of plastic enters the seas every year, and to limit that flow, governments are being asked to consider a new treaty. scientists say they're shocked to discover plastic is killing marine life, even in the remotest corners of the planet, as our science editor, david shukman, reports. it's an ugly but familiar sight around the world — plastic waste is now on every shoreline of every ocean. consumer products, used once and then thrown away, but creating a lasting impact on wildlife. in britain, the marine conservation society says litter on beaches here is actually increasing. no marine creature is safe, even a wandering albatross in antarctica. the next episode of blue planet ii shows how these magnificent birds
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scour the oceans for food but often collect plastic instead, which they then feed to their chicks. scientist lucy quinn found one chick that had died after swallowing a plastic toothpick. all kinds of plastic waste turns up in what's meant to be a pristine wilderness. whenever you see a chick that has been bringing back plastic or has been killed because of the ingestion of plastic, it's really hard not to be affected by that. clearly, you feel angry and it's horrifying that this plague of plastic is now in amongst our marine environment. what's depressing is that all of this waste was, at some stage, thrown away, but then found its way to antarctica, where adult birds fed it to their chicks. it's things we're all familiar with — clingfilm, plastic food packaging, even a lightbulb. even if this doesn't kill seabirds outright, it's definitely making them weaker.
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there's an obvious threat from plastic waste and also a hidden one. that's because plastic contains toxins. it also binds with chemical pollutants in the ocean. if animals like seabirds eat it, their health is put at risk. a sperm whale toys with a piece of a bucket. david attenborough says we've never been so aware of the problem
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and have never had so much power to tackle it, which comes down to how we all use plastic and what we do with it. david shukman, bbc news. the veteran indian actor, shashi kapoor, has died in hospital in mumbai at the age of 79. from one of india's greatest acting families, he appeared in more than 150 films, including a dozen in english. he starred in some of the biggest bollywood blockbusters of the ‘70s and ‘80s. cricket, and australia remain in command of the second ashes test in adelaide, despite a fight back by england. australia bowled england out for 227 but were then reduced to 53—4 at the end of the third day. 0ur correspondent, andy swiss, reports from adelaide. when it comes to batting, adelaide has seen the best. the home of the great sir donald bradman. but the fans descending on the oval were about to see how not to do it,


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