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tv   Beyond 100 Days  BBC News  January 2, 2018 7:00pm-8:00pm GMT

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you're watching beyond 100 days. six days of protests, several dead and now iran's supreme leader blames foreign countries for the unrest at home. demonstrators want better economic conditions and less engagement abroad — it's a sentiment we've heard around the world. the demonstrators are overwhelmingly young and frustrated at financial hardship and social repression. they're up against a government determined to stop them. donald trump is back in the white house — he has a packed agenda at home and multiple crises abroad. does he have a game plan for 2018? also on the programme... time's up, the new campaign sponsored by the women of hollywood, which vows to stamp out harassment and gender inequality. and if you are feeling bookish in these dark months of the year — how about trying to read a whole bookshop while running it? get in touch with us using the hashtag #beyond1000ays. hello and welcome —
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i'm katty kay in washington and christian fraser is in london. add iran to the list of countries grappling with a populist wave. the violent demonstrations of the past six days surprised everyone, but their roots look familiar. protestors are fed up with the establishment in tehran spending money on foreign ventures that cause economic hardship at home. the supreme leader, ayatollah ali khamenei, has blamed iran's enemies, the united states and saudi arabia. president trump certainly sees opportunity. but there is no leader of this movement, no obvious manifesto, so where does it lead and what it can actually accomplish? our middle east editor jeremy bowen reports. in tehran, squads of motorbike police are cruising the streets to break up groups of demonstrators. the protests have changed since they started last thursday. to begin with, they
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were about the economy. most of the protesters are young men. more than 50% of iranians are under 30. and perhaps 40% of them are unemployed. that pent up political frustration is spilling out and much of it has been directed at this man, the supreme leader ayatollah ali khamenei. he is the powerfulfigurehead of the islamic republic, and attacks on his posters will be seen as attacks on the islamic system. he's blaming iran's foreign enemies. translation: following recent events, the enemies have united and are using all their means — money, weapons, policies and security services — to create problems for the islamic republic. it's notjust ayatollah khamenei, the supreme leader, who's blaming foreigners.
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mohammad hartemi, a reformist, says iranians have the right to protest, but he blamed iran's enemies, led by the united states, for inciting people to destroy public buildings and to insult religious values. president 0bama, in 2009, was careful not to give the last big protest his backing. but president trump has tweeted his support. the people of iran, he declared, are finally acting against the brutal and corrupt iranian regime. but whatever president trump wants, this isn't a new revolution. they are still the most serious popular protests since the mass demonstrations that followed the disputed 2009 presidential election. those protests were beaten by the power of the state, even though they were led by top politicians and directed at a badly divided leadership. the new protests are not as well
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organised and may run out of steam. but the fact they're happening at all is very significant. they show how discontented iranians are with state repression and increasing poverty. jeremy bowen, bbc news. for more analysis, we can speak to professor mohammad marandi from the university of tehran. it's not surprising that the iranian people are bit fed up. they have unemployment among young people at 30%, the price of staple food and goods has risen by 40% in recent weeks, and yet sanctions have been lifted and the country ought to be feeling richard? first of all, sanctions have not been lifted. the united states has failed to abide by its side of the bargain. the iranians made many concessions with regard to the nuclear programme, and
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the americans basically refused to abide by their side of the bargain. as we speak, if i was to send you a single euro or dollar or pound to your bank account in england, that would be impossible, and vice versa. so no, most iranians recognise that the united states has betrayed the iranians. 0n the other hand, you have to make a sharp distinction between the protesters we have been seeing over the last few months who have been protesting after the colla pse have been protesting after the collapse of a number of banking institutions and a lot of people lost their money. they have been protesting in tehran in front of parliament and other places. that is not new. what happened in mashhad was that a small segment of the protesters began to riot. then in the following days, we saw more riots spread out in different cities, but smaller in number. gradually, the protesters separated themselves and they no longer
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participated because they didn't wa nt to participated because they didn't want to be seen with these more extreme groups. we have seen police ca i’s extreme groups. we have seen police cars burnt, banks destroyed. they took a fire truck and pushed it down a hill and if a took a fire truck and pushed it down a hilland ifa car, took a fire truck and pushed it down a hill and if a car, killing a family. they attacked a police station. in one attack, six people we re station. in one attack, six people were killed. unfortunately, social media apps are being used and the people who are instigating the violence and teaching people how to produce molotov cocktails are in europe and north america. in 2009, when we had the same phenomenon in london, these were called rioters and the prime minister of england was threatening to shut down social media. ultimately, the companies behind these applications cooperated with the british government to arrest these people. so when it comes to iran, these are protesters. when it is in england, they are
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rioters. a lot of criticism has focused on iran's foreign policy, which is pretty expansive in syria and iraq. shouldn't the government be looking after people at home rather than spending money on foreign ventures? well, if it wasn't foreign ventures? well, if it wasn't for iran, syria would have fallen and we would have had al-qaeda and ice ‘s flags flying over damascus. the same is true with iraq. but if you look at the polls carried out by the university of maryland, an american university, they have consistently shown that the overwhelming majority of iranians support iran's foreign policy in the region, because iranians know that if syria and iraq had fallen, it is basically because the united states and its allies like saudi arabia was supporting the extremists. if these countries had fallen, the battle would have started inside iran itself. we had a terrorist attack in tehran. if these countries had
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fallen, the situation in iran would be dramatically worse. so it is not only for the sake of security in the region that iran helped fight in these countries, but also for iran's national security. professor, thank you. professor mohammad marandi, who does have links to the iranian government and so can speak about what happens in tehran. it is worth pointing out how differently the 0bama and trump situations have handled the iran situation. injune 2009, a series of protests erupted in tehran over the election results. president 0bama stayed pretty quiet and was criticised for not strongly supporting the demonstrators. a week on, facing criticism that his response was weak, 0bama issued a white house statement which included the retort: "the iranian government must understand that the world is watching." fast forward to 2017 and protests break out once again — not dissimilar to those of eight years ago. and within one day, donald trump posts this on twitter: "many reports of peaceful protests by iranian citizens fed up with regime's corruption & its squandering of the nation's wealth
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to fund terrorism abroad. iranian govt should respect their people's rights, including right to express themselves. the world is watching! though you might recognise the "world is watching" line from 0bama, that's where the similarity ends. let's bring in robin wright, a joint fellow at the woodrow wilson center and us institute of peace who has reported extensively on iran. firstly, your thoughts on what the professor was saying? the protests in iran are different from 2009. this is grassroots. it doesn't have an apparent leadership. it was sparked by economic issues, although it has grown quickly into political issues challenging the regime. the question is how the regime will respond. unlike 2009, it has said that protests are legitimate as long as they don't turn into violence. that is where the dividing line is. in 2009, you had a hardline
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president and they clamped down on the protesters quickly and engaged in stalinist type trials and put many of them in jail for long prison sentences. we will have to see how this plays out, but the regime does face serious problems that will play out economically for a variety of reasons. this is a hard time. we didn't hear much sympathy for the protesters from the professor speaking in iran. where does this leave the white house? president trump has adopted a more aggressive tone towards the iranian government in his tweets. what is he going to do? he has several decisions to make in the coming weeks about the iranian nuclear deal, whether to wait sanctions against and how to proceed. the government has talked in some quarters about regime change oi’ in some quarters about regime change or demanding that the regime change its behaviour, which amounts to regime change. the question is how confrontational the trump administration will be. the 0bama
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administration will be. the 0bama administration invested in a nuclear deal, thinking that might open the way for discussions on other flash points or other issues of common interest. we a re points or other issues of common interest. we are headed towards, i think, a much deeper stand—off with iran. the question is, how far will the trump administration go? has bigger problems to face in north korea. can it take on two at the same time? the us ambassador to the un has spoken. she says the claims that america is behind this are plainly ridiculous. but it is a timeline for the trump administration, because if they look like they are trying to foment trouble within iran, it gives the regime an excuse. absolutely, and remember in 1953, the cia and british intelligence were involved in orchestrating a coup against a democratically elected government that had forced the shah to leave iran and abandon the throne. after six days, the shah was brought back.
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iranians believe their revolution in 1979 was in large part because when they tried evolutionary change themselves, they were blocked from doing it by the outside world. and that resonates today. how far the us goes and how far the european allies goes and how far the european allies go will be very instrumental in determining the state of relations between the west and iran, as well as the course of this very interesting and rest. and the reaction from the government tomorrow is probably going to be predictable. they will bring out huge numbers of people in rallies to try and swamp out the protest. yes, and they have done this before. but the reality is, time and again, in 1999 with the student protests and in 2009 with the millions who turned out to challenge the election and today, in more than 60 cities in iran, you see this very strong resistance. this is not over, even
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if the protests. in the near future. there are deep divisions inside the society. thank you for coming in. christian and i were speaking to an iran watcher here in washington this morning who was saying there are similarities to these populist waves. each one has its own independent characteristics, but if you look at the fact that they started in cities outside of iran and have been directed against the government in tehran, that they are around economic concerns, it is going too far to say that this is the kind of iran first moment, but there are elements of that. what is there are elements of that. what is the government doing, being engaged in iraq, syria and yemen, rather than looking after the price of food at home and unemployment levels? they want the focus to be on those issues. it is interesting that the ayatollah has spoken today. the fact that he felt it necessary to talk tells you how serious it is, and the fa ct tells you how serious it is, and the fact that they are bringing huge numbers of people out on the streets again reflects how serious they are.
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the difference between this protest and the one in 2009 is where it started. it is not so much focus in tehran, we are seeing it in the provinces, and if it spreads to the middle classes, that is when it will be interesting. one iranian pointed out another difference. the spread of smartphones in iran has increased dramatically since 2009. lots of people have smartphones now and there are managing to organise demonstrations around the country by using apt that the government hasn't yet totally shut down. let's move on to american politics. president trump began the new year with a string of foreign policy tweets — but he has an equally busy agenda at home. he's got to work to keep government funded and open, decide what to do about young undocumented immigrants and try for another big legislative win. he left washington before the holidays on a high after passing tax reform. now he says he wants to work with democrats to improve the country's infrastructure. it all sounds like politics as usual, but one thing we've learned with this president is never to expect the normal. so how will trump 2018 differ from trump 2017? joining me now is political
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analyst and former advisor to george w bush, ron christie. hgppy happy new year to you. happy new year. we are glad to have you back from the sunni west coast and with us on from the sunni west coast and with us on the freezing east coast. we know that president trump has a full agenda. let's have a quick look at some of the things he has to get done. if this was in my inbox on the 2nd of january, i done. if this was in my inbox on the 2nd ofjanuary, i think it would give me heart failure. he has to keep the government open. that ought to be fine. he has to come with a budget and decide what to do about dreamers, the young undocumented workers. he has to carry on trying to repeal 0bamacare. we don't need to repeal 0bamacare. we don't need to go through the whole list, but there are lots of things. will this bea there are lots of things. will this be a year in which president trump can work with democrats, which he needs to do on lots of those things, and get something big done for america? it could be. this is something that democrats have as
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much of an interest in as republicans. 0ur roads, bridges and infrastructure in the united states is crumbling. it is antiquated and out of date. this is one area where bipartisan consensus could help donald trump work with his friends, chat and nancy. they could forge bipartisan consensus. but here is where it gets more difficult, the budget you mentioned. the president has said, we will build a war with mexico in order to get a bucket and if we don't get the wall, we will not have the relief of those young undocumented migrants, otherwise known as the dreamers. this is where the trump and democrats will have their showdown. the trump get his wall? do the democrats get the dreamers, or do both compromise? sitting here in london, this is where president trump has a strong hand. looking at the world superpower of america with a huge economy and a creaking infrastructure and health care
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system that doesn't work, he is pretty strong on those things. those are two areas he is strong on. as a former real estate builder and developer, this is something he comes to with experience where he can say to democrats, if we put by amount of billion dollars into infrastructure spending, these are the sorts of returns we can get. this is a strong point for the president and one that if he were watching your programme on the first day back in the new year, i would say to him, mr president, this is a golden opportunity. go to the democrats, seek, mice and forge forward —— seek a compromise. democrats, seek, mice and forge forward -- seek a compromise. but he poisoned the well last year. our nancy and chuck going to want to play ball? that was so 2017, christian! now we are in 2018, right? who knows what the chuck and nancy tweets might guess in the new
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year. iam hopeful that nancy tweets might guess in the new year. i am hopeful that the president has put some of that rhetoric behind him as it relates to those two democrats and they can find a way to work together. but as we have all seen, with all those twitter characters, you never know what he is going to do. good to see you. you fly intojfk or dulles airport and feel like you have landed in the third world. you are right about infrastructure spending, but we have been hearing this argument for the last ten years in the united states, when money was free and they didn't do it then. so with democrats facing the mid—term elections, i am with democrats facing the mid—term elections, iam not with democrats facing the mid—term elections, i am not sure they are going to play ball as much as they might do. just saying! let's move on. more than 300 female hollywood a—listers have launched a campaign to fight sexual harassment in all workplaces. the campaign, called time's up, includes stars such as meryl streep and jennifer lawrence. they've already raised $13 million towards a legal defence fund for poorer women affected by harassment in all industries. 0ur colleague lucy
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hockings has more. a full—page ad in the first new york times of 2018. it begins "dear sisters". it's a letter addressed to every woman who has had to fend off sexual advances. it's the work of 300 actresses, directors, writers and others from across the entertainment industry who are determined to kick off the new year with real change in their industry, and for women in low—paid work. they call it time's up. in 2017, hollywood was overwhelmed with allegations of sexual abuse and misconduct against some of its most powerful players. it began with a flood of allegations against harvey weinstein, one of the film industry's biggest producers. it led to me too, a global initiative of women and men sharing their stories of sexual abuse and harassment. and the movement shows no sign of slowing down. oscar winners natalie portman, emma stone and cate blanchett are all among the supporters of time's up. their motives are clear. they say time's up is a unified call for change from women in
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entertainment for women everywhere. "we envisage nationwide leadership that reflects the world in which we live". they're also raising money to fund legal support for victims. they want to use that fund to help blue collar women who may be facing sexual harassment or sexual misconduct and have reported it to their human resources office and faced a backlash. many women in these circumstances do not have the money to fight big companies. that is where this legal defence fund will come in. hollywood is entering awards season, and on the red carpet this year, the project's organisers are asking actresses to wear black. the central promise of the movement, though, lies away from the glamour — holding workplaces accountable, an end to gender inequality, a rebalance of power and a final sign off in solidarity. what is interesting about this,
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christian, and we have said it before on the programme, is that workplaces are not going to change across the board unless it is not just media celebrities and people in the film industry and famous politicians who are held to account. it has to change for the waitresses in restaurants, the cleaning staff in the office buildings, the people who work in the local post office. if it doesn't take for them, the me too movement will not have made a safe workplace, which i think is the primary goal of what we are seeing. it can't just primary goal of what we are seeing. it can'tjust be revenge against a few individuals or holding to account of individuals, it has to be across industries. that is what is interesting. although they make clear that they have the platform to do this in their advertisement in the new york times. and if they can't speak out, who can? the one thing i like about what they are focusing on a from the legal fund is
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the nondisclosure arrangements, which we have talked about before on the programme, the idea that you can pay someone to shut them up and then perhaps carry on with the same behaviour. that is a pattern we have seen before. so if they put an end to the nondisclosure agreements, many would think that is a good thing. now, reading more books is a popular new year's resolution but what about reading an entire bookshop — while managing it at the same time? that's what holidaymakers are being given the chance to do in wigtown in scotland — as lorna gordon reports. between the hills and the sea in south—west scotland is a small town where they like their books — a lot. wigtown is scotland's national book town and among the many bookshops here, one is available to rent for a week at a time. it's run by enthusiasts who want to be surrounded by books while trying their hand at selling some too. alison drury is a police community support officer
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from bicester, but not this week. instead, she is stacking bookshelves and shifting stock. you are paying for the privilege of running a bookshop for a week. what do your friends make of it? a bit of a mixture. i think some of them think that i'm a bit eccentric and think that it's a very strange thing to do. by the same token, i've got some friends who think it's extremely exciting and are very excited for me and actually a bit envious. have you been enjoying it? i have. you can tell, can't you?! the temporary book store boss has free rein. displays can change. so too can the promotions. the chance to run a bookshop for a week or two has proved popular. people have come from as far away as new zealand, north america and south korea to run this place. there was a couple in their eighties who came on honeymoon, and others who liked the town so much that they stayed. this shop, which once came close to closure, turned around by those who have a dream of running a bookshop and want
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the chance to test it out. i think in everyone's life, you have that "what if" voice. what if ijust owned a book shop by the sea in scotland? we want to give people the opportunity to do it. this is actual real virtual reality, where you can come and be in a book shop and feel the cold and read the books and enjoy the community and kind of have little surprises of an adventure along the way. and if those who've come on their bookshop holiday are looking for ideas, with wigtown boasting 1a bookshops, there is plenty here to inspire. we love our bookshops, we love our books, yeah, and we've even got people coming from far and wide to run a book shop in wigtown, imagine that! it sounds a crazy idea, but what a fantastic thing for wigtown, opening wigtown to the world, encouraging people to come and share our love for books. that passion for selling books may be spreading. there's interest from a chinese firm looking to open its own version of the open book holiday business.
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so successful has this scottish one been, its booked up for the next two years. this is beyond 100 days from the bbc. coming up for viewers on the bbc news channel and bbc world news — first the tweet, then the reaction. protests in pakistan after president trump accuses the country of lies and deceit. and after a bumper year on the us stock market, will the economic good times continue? we'll get the thoughts of the cow guy — we'll explain. that's still to come. it's been a soggy evening out there
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and now the winds are strengthening ahead of storm eleanor with an amber one in force for the high winds. this is for parts of northern ireland, especially the east of northern ireland and northern england. and the storm is this lump and this hulk of cloud here which is ramping up towards the west of ireland and will be tracking across northern areas of england through the course of northern england and northern ireland tonight. the effects of the storm will be felt across a much wider area down to the south coast. because the centre is going here, doesn't mean that is the only area that will be affected. for a change, the north of scotland will not get too much wind on this occasion. 70 to possibly 90 miles an hour around the exposed coasts. that is very windy. very windy inland for
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many towns and cities, 60 miles an hourin many towns and cities, 60 miles an hour in many cities in england and wales. it will be a very blustery rush hour, with lots of showers. by that stage, we will have had disruption and possibly some trees down and a bit of damage to buildings. this is what it looks like in the afternoon. these are average wind speeds. there are more or less double the average wind speed. in the north of scotland, there was hardly any wind at all. but lots of showers around. a bit of sunshine, so it will not be all bad, but the winds will be slowly easing tomorrow afternoon and into tomorrow evening before the next weather front comes in and brings us some rain during the evening in cornwall. this time, it will not be as nasty as storm eleanor. this is another area of low pressure which will also
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bring some run—of—the—mill wet and windy weather. double—figure temperatures in the south. a bit colder in scotland. friday is looking pretty unsettled as well, with some rain on the cards. but in the short term, take care on the roads. this is beyond 100 days, with me katty kay in washington — christian fraser's in london. iran's supreme leader ayatollah ali khamenei accuses enemies of the country of deliberately stirring the current anti—government protests. president trump tweets his support for the protestors — praising them for acting against what he calls tehran's "brutal and corrupt" regime. coming up in the next half hour — president trump blasts pakistan saying in exchange for aid they have offered nothing but lies and deceit. the words spark a sharp reaction in karachi. what will the economy bring in 2018? the white house is hoping the good times continue. we'll get the take of our favourite trader. let us know your thoughts
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by using the hashtag... 'beyond—0ne—hundred—days' president trump may have been on holiday, in florida, but it didn't stop him tweeting. perhaps the only surprising thing was that the first tweet of 2018 wasn't about hillary clinton or fake news — instead it took aim at pakistan. the united states has foolishly given pakistan more than $33 billion in aid over the last 15 years, and they have given us nothing but lies and deceit, thinking of our leaders as fools. they give safe haven to the terrorists we hunt in afghanistan, with little help. no more! well those comments have led to demonstrations in the city of karachi where the us flag was burned and anti—american slogans were shouted. for more on the outburst and the reaction it has sparked we are joined now by daniel markey — author of no exit from pakistan. thanks very much forjoining us.
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presidents 0bama and bush made the calculation that they would tolerate the pakistani government not act too ha rd the pakistani government not act too hard with them in order to keep them stable. yes. because of the fear of nuclear weapons falling into the hands of extremists. president trump seems to be inching towards a different decision. yeah, this looks like a much more coercive approach than anything we've seen before. i would suggest both presidents bush and 0bama before also had the hope that by providing incentives the united states could gradually win pakistan over to our way of thinking about the war in afghanistan. less carrot and more stick? exactly. what would that look like? a greater stick is cutting off the carrots that have been flowing. we're seeing a restriction of aid across the board. likely cutting of $255 million in military assistance that was being held in a kind of escrow account to see if pakistan would come forward on attacking groups
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like the acannesy network and —— hakani network. first the downsizing the existing aid. 0ne hakani network. first the downsizing the existing aid. one can imagine a series of ratcheting up of moves against pakistan, targeting sanctions or reduced support for international loans from the imf or even more operations across the borderfrom even more operations across the border from afghanistan into pakistan. these are the kinds of ways we could ratchet up pressure on pakistan. we were saying earlier with iran you need to push, but you don't want to push too hard, because this is a nuclear power. it's a non—nato ally, an important one. 16,000 us troops in afghanistan, a lot of the weapons and supplies that go through to them goes through those paths, they need pakistan. no, they absolutely do. if you've got anything over 10,000 forces in afghanistan, you've got to figure out a way to move them in and out and if you look at a map you don't have many good options. i republican is blocked. central —— iran is
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blocked. central asia is difficult because of our relationship with russia. pakistan has been the way, especially for people and what we call especially for people and what we ca ll lethal especially for people and what we call lethal assistance or lethal equipment, anything from weapons to vehicles that we wouldn't want falling into the wrong hands, if they go over land. pakistan has some leverage. as has been mentioned, they have nuclear weapons. this is not a small country either. this is about 200 million people in an important part of the world and they have other friends, important part of the world and they have otherfriends, including important part of the world and they have other friends, including the chinese, who have been promising and delivering not just chinese, who have been promising and delivering notjust millions of dollars or tens of millions but billions of dollars in both assistance and investment. billions of dollars in both assistance and investmentm billions of dollars in both assistance and investment. if the white house goes ahead with the kinds of carrots that you've been talking about, incrementally — kinds of carrots that you've been talking about, incrementally - or sticks. sticks that you've been talking about, i'm getting confused with my metaphors! does that work? does that produce a pakistan more amenable to us and western interests than the one president 0bama got?
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there's a small chance but not likely. it's one thing to put pressure on pakistan. pakistan has important pressure on pakistan. pakistan has im porta nt interests pressure on pakistan. pakistan has important interests in the region. it has to be a combination of increased pressure on the one hand, and offering some sense to pakistan that a change in its strategy, this ending a double game, ending of support to groups like the hakani network could work in its favour. right now we see little reason to expect it would see the world that way. they're still worried we're going to leave afghanistan, leave the problems in place and leave them without friends in order to help them manage that situation. as of right now, i see little chance that this kind of incremental ratcheting up this kind of incremental ratcheting up of pressure would actually pay off. daniel, thanks very much for coming in. the european union has been working with libyan coastguards to reduce the number of migrants crossing the mediterranean sea. but many of those intercepted end up in detention centres in libya, where migrants complain they are abused and used as slaves. in this special report the bbc‘s stephanie hegarty went to the city
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of benin in southern nigeria to meet those recently released. many of those it who have walked the streets of benin have dreamed of going to europe. jackson and felix almost made it. but they were arrested in a boat off the coast of libya and sent to prison. they said when they were no longer needed, they were dumped in the desert. rescued by a man driving by, they were repatriated to nigeria with the help of the un. we spoke to several nigerian migrants, cross—checking the details of their stories and each told us of the same
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horrifying trend — prison authorities, leasing or selling migrants to local billses as labour. —— businesses as labour. it's a new development in a dark and brutal industry in which prison guards and traffickers exploit migrants. he was arrested in libya in to 15 and brought to prison. he says the man bought his freedom and forced him to work for nothing. after three months, he refused to continue. backin back in prison, he was told he was going to be deported. instead he was
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taken to going to be deported. instead he was ta ken to another location going to be deported. instead he was taken to another location for seven months. how many people due see die there? almost 20 of them. in this hotel in benin city, about 200 men and women, who've just arrived from libya, are being processed and received by the authorities here. many of them have stories of abuse and mistreatment at the hands of the authorities in the libyan detention centres, where they were held. at least three people that i've spoken to so far told me they were forced to so far told me they were forced to work for free or sold as slaves. again and again, the prison is mentioned as a place of terrible abuse. it's run by libya's ministry
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of interior, which itself is run by two militia groups. libya is in the middle of a civil war and these militia are only nominally under the un recognised government in tripoli. the libyan interior ministry didn't the libyar the rior ministry didn't the libyar the un's ninistry didn't the libyar the un'sninistry di agency interview. the un's migration agency says there are about 700,000 migrants still stuck in libya. several african governments have stepped up efforts to get their citizens home. thousands have been repatriated in the past few weeks. carrying untold trauma, those that do come home have to begin the hard work of rebuilding their lives. i often thought that i spent time on these ships in the med traina, that one of the best ways —— med traina, that one of the best ways to tackle this problem is to get some of the stories of how hard it is in libya back to the home countries. a lot of those stories don't go back, because
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families have spent so much money trying to send their loved ones across the sea. for shame, they don't want to send news back that it's been a failure or that they've found the dream life that they set off for. the stories don't get back so more and more come. i off for. the stories don't get back so more and more come. i do think that there is a lesson to be learned about sending some of those horror stories back to home countries, so others don't follow in their foot steps. news in brief: south korea is in favour of direct talks with north korea to discuss their participation in the winter olympic games. the north's leader, kimjong—un, said he was considering sending a team to pyeongchang in south korea for the event in february. the south korean president moon jae—in wants the meeting to happen next week to ensure the north's delegation attends. translation: we welcome that the north korea leader, kimjong un, expressed a willingness to send athletes to the olympics and hold talks during his new year address. i believe this is in response to our
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proposal to make the olympics an opportunity to improve inter—korean relations and peace. a second politician from germany's afd party is being investigated for allegedly inciting hatred on twitter. she expressed support for a fellow politician who tweeted discriminatory remarks about migrants. the comments came after the police sent a new year's eve greeting in several languages. al franken will officially resign his seat today. this follows sexual misconduct allegations. many of the accusations refer to incidents before he elected in 2008. for many americans the new year has brought record low temperatures. the bitter cold weather has reached as far south as florida, with warnings in place from texas to the atlantic coast. the northeastern united states is also set for another freeze at the end of the week. great news for us (! ((
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the israeli parliament, the knesset, has voted through a law (( that will make it harder for the government to hand over parts of jerusalem to the palestinians in any future peace deal. the decision has been criticised by palestinians who want occupied eastjerusalem as the capital of a future independent state. an israeli minister said the change would ensure the status ofjerusalem as the country's "united capital". however a palestinian official accused the us and israel of collaborating to destroy the two—state solution to the israel—palestinian conflict. yolande knell is in jerusalem for us. so what does the vote in the kinness et actually change? what this means is it would take more parliamentary support for any future peace deal with the palestinians that involved giving up control of part of jerusalem to have a much bigger parliamentary majority. instead of
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61 votes in the 120 seats israeli parliament, it would now take a two thirds majority, that's 80 seats. of course, this all really gets to the future ofjerusalem, course, this all really gets to the future of jerusalem, the course, this all really gets to the future ofjerusalem, the holy city, which is so much at the heart of the israel—palestinian conflict. you have the israelis who see all of jerusalem as being their eternal, undivided capital. the eastern part of the city was captured by israel in the 1967 war. it was later annexed in a move that is not internationally recognised. 0ne annexed in a move that is not internationally recognised. one of the israeli ministers, pushing through this change in legislation, said this would fortify israel, ensure that all ofjerusalem remained eternally israeli. for the palestinians, well, they want east jerusalem to be the capital of a future independent palestinian state. we had the palestinian
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president's office saying that this was a declaration of war on the palestinian people, when it's considered with the announcement made by president trump just last month, where he recognised jerusalem as being israel's capital. so what extent was this vote a reflection of president trump's move that you just referenced there, to move the american embassy to jerusalem? this was something that had long been planned by israeli law makers. but certainly it was given extra significance, extra weight following president trump's announcement. mr trump has said that he would like to have this year his peace plan presented to both sides, the israelis and the palestinians. he's had his son—in—law, jarrod kushner, and his aid and real estate lawyer over the past year going between the two sides, travelling around the
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region, trying to come up with a peace plan. after all the unrest that there was over mr trump's announcement aboutjerusalem, though he didn't specify the boundaries that he saw of israel's capital, really that led to the palestinians saying that they would not accept the us acting as a mediator in the peace process and there was a senior white house official who came out saying that there should be a cooling off period. so mr trump's announcement was significant, but this is something that had been planned prior to that. this is beyond 100 days. still to come — he's known as the cow guy , we'll be asking our favourite financial forecaster what 2018 has in store for the us, after a bumper year on the stock market. the biggest hike in train fares for five years — that's what commuters faced this morning as they returned to work after the christmas break.
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the average price for tickets rose by 3.4% today , with some commuters spending as much as £5,000 on a season ticket. the rail industry says the changes will mean a better service , and investment for the future. the department for transport said price rises were capped in line with inflation and improved the network. but unions say commuters are being priced out as the burden of paying for the rail system falls increasingly on passengers. 0ur transport correspondent richard westcott has the story. cani can i see your tickets please? another new year, another fare rise. regulated season tickets go up by 3. 6% this year. it will add just shy of £150 for the price for commuters coming into the london on the line from hove in east sussex. nearly £110 to a yearly ticket from liverpool to manchester. and commuters going into birmingham from gloucester must find £140 more this year. many now pay between £3,000 to
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£5,000 to get to work, with the most pricey tickets in the south of england. the government says it's spending record amounts on improving the network, with more seats being provided on newer trains and more reliable electrified lines. campaigners argue that ordinary people are being priced off our trains, with the latest figures showing a drop in the number of journeys made using a season ticket. i think this fare rise really throws the spotlight on value for money. passengers want a more reliable service. they want a better chance ever getting a seat and better information during disruption. the train companies can help take some of the sting out of this by offering direct debit payments for a season ticket and helping passengers pay for this big lump sum. they say fa res have for this big lump sum. they say fares have been outstripping wages for year and fares have been outstripping wages foryearand are fares have been outstripping wages for year and are calling for a price freeze. you're watching beyond 100 days...
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unemployment in the united states is at a 17—year low. the stock market is setting records. consumer confidence is at its best level since 2000. and guess who has been tweeting about it, over the christmas break. "jobs are kicking in and companies are coming back to the us unnecessary regulations and high taxes are being dramatically cut, and it will only get better. much more to come!" there is a lot to like about the economy during the first year of the trump administration. there are many factors that make the country's economic fortunes go up and down. but yes confidence, low taxes, and less bureaucracy it all helps. so is the president at the root of the recent success and what do the markets want to see in 2018? my my favourite trader, scott shellady from tjm brokerage is back with us. aka the cowman. happy new year. how are you? happy new year to you. strong end to the yearfor new year to you. strong end to the year for the trump administration. we've been through it, tax reform,
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corporate rates slashed, cutting red tape. is there a direct correlation between what he's doing and what the economy's doing. first, we always like to co—flight a high stock market with a great economy. that doesn't always equal. he's not the only one who will say that. a lot of governments around the world will try to make those two equal. they're not the same. they're two different time frames. number two, not the same. they're two different time frames. numbertwo, he's replaced sentiment. that's the ha rd est replaced sentiment. that's the hardest thing to do. that's a psychological thing. when you have psychology on your side, raerning than economic indicators, because some of them still haven't picked up since 0bama left office. psychology, arguably, david and goliath moment. you can do things that you normally couldn't. so it gathers a pace? that's why we've seen a lot of these gains, even though you might not have seen the economy do some of the great things that he wants it to do right now. you guys are making money, i hope you are, it's a good
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time to make money, the fact of the matter is, it's what 35% of the americans have money in the stock market, wages, as is the case here in the uk, are stagnant. they're not rising. they're not sharing in the wealth creation. that's one of the great una nswerables. we've wealth creation. that's one of the great unanswerables. we've got unemployment below 4%. we're probably going to tick below 4% this year. how can we have no wage inflation. how are employers not competing for people not to work? that's unanswered. we can't figure that out. if you ask me, that's a problem. i think catty mentioned 0% interest rates for a long time. we can't get the housing market catching on fire with even interest rates at 1%. there's a problem with that. there are some basic underlying problems, but he's gone after the psychology first and the numbers second. i think that's a winning trade. like him or not, if you can get the ceos to start spending, opening their pockets, buying plants and equipment and real
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estate, that's going to be a good head start. that's the big question, are the ceos going to do that, invest in the economy, in jobs and infrastructure or are they going to do share buy backs and make their shareholders happy? 0n confidence, theissue shareholders happy? 0n confidence, the issue of confidence, how come americans generally are feeling more confident about the economy. i know the stock market is doing super well. 0nly the stock market is doing super well. only 30% of americans have money invested on the stock market. a lot of gains that we have seen don't actually affect the average american. well, the bad answer to thatis american. well, the bad answer to that is the trickle down effect. i don't think it trickles down as other people think it does. i think probably other people think it does. i think pro ba bly less other people think it does. i think probably less of americans actually have money in the stock market. so we do see that gap between rich and poor getting greater. however, they feel more confident about theirjob being there next year. the ceos feel more confident about maybe opening up more confident about maybe opening up their pockets and buying that plant. if the confidence and the sentiment is there, even down to the man on the factory floor from the
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ceo up top, that's going to make a big dinks. that's the hardest —— big difference. that's the hardest thing to turn around. gdp over 3% that's great, to get the factory worker to feel better about their situation, that's the first time in eight years we've seen that. is there an economic down side to growing inequality, a lot of economists think the tax reform plan passed at the end of the year will produce more inequality, is there any down side no that? 100%. when more inequality, is there any down side no that? 10096. when you get rid of your middle class you get rid of your economy. that's been a problem as of late. especially over the 0bama years, i'm not knocking him, it happened with the federal reserve, when they started to print that free money, where do you take that free money, where do you take that free money, where do you take that free money? a lot of folks took it to the stock market u say 30% of americans have stocks. 0ur numbers show only 15% of americans own 85% of stocks. that's where the gains were. the people that already had the money made a lot more money. and the money made a lot more money. and the people that didn't don't. that's the people that didn't don't. that's the problem. when you lose your
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middle class you lose the economy. that will probably continue going. come on, what do you want in 2018, what about the $1 trillion on infrastructure? can you imagine with the tax cuts we've had, the gdp we've got and introducing an infrastructure spending bill, that would be fantastic. i'd like to see what the democrats would like to do about that. they can't stand him so much that if he came to congress with a cure for cancer, he'd be voted down. it will be interesting to see if we can get anything through there. at the end of the day, what a great starting point, great tax cuts into the end of the year. a gdp we've started to print two or three orfour in a row year. a gdp we've started to print two or three or four in a row of over 3%. i'm excited about what can happen. the problem is and mark my words for the rest of the year, we haven't seen the volatility in the market yet. if we get sm, that could change everything ( great to see you as ever. come back soon. do you have as ever. come back soon. do you have a new yea rs as ever. come back soon. do you have a new years resolution?” as ever. come back soon. do you have a new years resolution? i knew you we re a new years resolution? i knew you were going to ask me that. no. my
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resolution is no resolution. and you still don't have an answer. resolution is no resolution. and you still don't have an answerlj thought about it for a long time and i don't want to lie. how about you? ok, i don't want to lie. how about you? 0k, we had this discussion earlier. scott hasn't even got one. you've got a list as long as my arm of new year resolutions. i said i would try to come up with one by the end of the programme. what does that say about the three of us? by the way, you missed a question to scott, you should have asked him whether you should have asked him whether you should be buying or selling your huge portfolio. we're going to talk off cam ra. laughter that will cost him by the way. yeah, ok. i have a resolution, just for you christian. mine is to be less derailed by individual tweets that come out of the white house every morning at 6am and focus more on the big picture of what's happening in the country. i guess it lasted one day. amen to that. my team know that i fell off the day. amen to that. my team know that ifell off the wagon day. amen to that. my team know that i fell off the wagon in 2017. i've started drinking tea with sugar again. two sugars. i always drink
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tea with sugar. when you say i have tea with sugar. when you say i have tea and two sugars, you look at you like you're a pariah, you're a non—person. it used to be smoking and drinking, now it's, "you take sugar? you do what? i've got to get rid of the sugar. ok, you get rid of the sugar. it's expensive. laughter i like it. you should have been buying sugar futures. i think you should not go to california. i was out there filming before the christmas break. in california, they've given up eating balsamic vinegar in their salad dressings because it has too much sugar in it. the state of fads... because it has too much sugar in it. the state of fads. .. we're going to die of boredom people! that's what's going to kill us. you're not allowed to do anything any more. did you have a good time off, by the way, good break? yeah, non-twitter. do you know what, ten days without twitter ah, my word. better people,
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right. it's an evil. that is it. i love you all to my followers. just ten days without it. loved it. see you tomorrow. from both of us, goodbye. stay off twitter. it's been a very soggy evening out there. and now the winds are strengthening ahead of storm eleanor. the amber warning in force from the met office for the high winds and this is for parts of northern ireland, especially eastern northern ireland, especially eastern northern ireland, especially eastern northern ireland and northern england. and the storm is this lump of cloud, this hook of cloud here. it's just ramming of cloud, this hook of cloud here. it'sjust ramming up of cloud, this hook of cloud here. it's just ramming up across of cloud, this hook of cloud here. it'sjust ramming up across —— ramping up across the west of ireland and will be tracking across northern areas of england through the court of tonight. northern england, northern ireland and northern england. now the effects of the storm will be felt across a much wider area right down to the south
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coast. just because the centre is going here doesn't mean that this is the only area that will be affected. for a change, it looks as though the north of scotland won't be getting too much in the way of wind. 70 to possibly 90mph around some of the exposed coasts that. is very windy. very windy inland for major towns and cities, easily 50, 60mph widely across england and wales and in excess of 70 further south expected as well. it will be very blustery rush hour with lots of showers. by that stage, we will have had disruption, possibly trees down, damage to buildings as well. this is what it looks like during the afternoon. still very windy. these are average wind speeds here. 26 there. 32. more or less doubled the average wind speed. the further north you go, into the north of scotland, you can see hardly any wind at all. there's 3mph across the western isles. a about the of sunshine —— a bit of sunshine around
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too. it's not all bad. the winds slow tomorrow afternoon and into the evening, before the next weather front comes in and brings us some rain during the evening in cornwall. this time, this is not going to be as nasty as eleanor. remnants of eleanor here across the baltic. this is another area of low pressure which will bring some run of the mill wet and windy weather. here's the wind spilling across the uk and the wind spilling across the uk and the rain, double figure temperatures in the south, 13, bit colder there in an easterly wind in scotland. that's thursday. friday looking pretty unsettled as well with some rain on the cards. but in the short—term, early hours tonight and tomorrow, take care on the roads. this is bbc news. after the steepest fa re this is bbc news. after the steepest fare increase for five years, campaign is one that commuters are being priced off railways. we do not
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know why we have to pay so much money for such a bad service.“ know why we have to pay so much money for such a bad service. if i am not more than five minutes early, lam am not more than five minutes early, i am differently not going to get a seat. nhs england has been urging hospitals to be spawned all non—urgent surgery until the jury, to ease pressure on the hill service. the white house wants an emergency security council meeting to discuss the protest in iran. the west coast of ireland is taking the brunt of storm eleanor, gusts will batter the united kingdom
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