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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  January 22, 2018 9:00pm-10:00pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. washington is back in business — for the time being at least. as the us senate approved a short—term fix on the federal budget. protests — from arab—israeli politicians — as mike pence says the us embassy will move to jerusalem before the end of next year. the woman behind a one—person protest in the centre of tehran — went missing. she removed her headscarf — now with the help bbc persian we will find more about who she is. and we're going to discuss the venice restaurant bill that topped out at more than 1,000 euros. the mayor is getting involved and i've been speaking with him. the us government shutdown
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is over, for now at least. it lasted three days and kept hundreds of thousands of federal workers at home today. it's over because the senate has agreed to a short—term spending bill. president donald trump has responded to the deal via his press secretary, sarah sanders. we're pleased to see senator schumer accept the deal that president trump put on the deal from the beginning. a statement from the president of the united states that i quote, i'm pleased that democrats have come to their senses and are willing to fund oui’ their senses and are willing to fund our great military, border patrol and insurance for vulnerable children. we will work to solve the issue of unfair illegal immigration. we will make a deal if and only if
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it is good for our country." the democrats agreed to this deal because republicans promised to address a key immigration issue. but the fall—out continues about why this shutdown ever happened. here's the most senior democratic senator blaming the president. the great deal—making president sat on the sidelines. despite and because of this frustration, i have been having conversations with the republican leader over the weekend about a path forward. after several discussions, offers, counter offers, the republican leader and i have come to an arrangement. we will vote today to re—open the government, to continue negotiating a global agreement, with the commitment that ifan agreement, with the commitment that if an agreement isn't reached by february 8th, the senate will
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immediately proceed to consideration of legislation dealing with daca. in this stand—off — the republican‘s wanted extra military spending, and money for donald trump's wall between mexico and the us. the democrats wanted to deal on the status of young immigrants — often called dreamers. a short time ago i asked jane o'brien what this deal has changed. not very much. i think that is the short answer to that. i think it is a question that democrats themselves will be asking. really what have they come away with? because at the end of the blame game and there is a lot of blame to go around everybody, what deal have they got that wasn't on the table on friday. they would say they have won a concession from the senate majority leader, mitch mcconnell that the senate will look at legislation that could give
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protection to the dreamers, but there is no guarantee. and further more the house has to be party to any legislation going forward and there is donald trump who has to sign it. and nobody‘s really sure what his views on immigration are. we also were listening to the white house press secretary a few moments ago and when she was pressed on specific issues about this, she seemed to imply that although the democrats would like to talk about the dreamers, the white house is looking at more comprehensive immigration legislation that will be ambitious and full of pit falls. this is the impact the shutdown has had. over the weekend, some services were affected, including access to national parks and visitors to the statue of liberty were turned away. space x had to delay rocket tests because it relies
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on assistance from the us air force. but today was the real test. you could see the difference on public transport — thousands of non—essential employees issued a "furlough" — a leave of unpaid absence. in fact the hashtag "furloughed" was getting heavy use. but because it wasn't prolonged, the cost to workers hasn't been too great. here is jane on that issue. here is jane on that issue. the political stakes were high, because when people start losing money, they feel the pain in their pocket, that is when they turn against their representatives and we're coming up to the midterm election and that is what both parties were worried about. when this happened last in 2013 the government was closed for 16 days and that hurt. to a certain
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extent the republicans and the democrats have dodged a bullet this time, because two of the three days we re over time, because two of the three days were over the weekend and the government is now starting to re—open again on a monday. so the pain has not been that sharp. but had it carried on, then there would have been serious problems and i think both parties would have faced far more of a political fallout than they have done so far. mike pence is in israel. here's how the us ambassador to israel described it: @usambisrael attending a special session of the knesset today, i was moved to tears as .@vp vice president pence delivered his extraordinary address. here's some of it. oi 0' our administration will advance its plan to open an embassy in jerusalem. that will open before the end of next year. next here's tom bateman.
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they signed a waver putting off the building ofa they signed a waver putting off the building of a new embassy for another six months, as his predecessor did. so we know more about where the centre of gravity in the united states is. some in the state department are wary about building a new embassy too quickly. it would be symbolic and it could be a symbol for protest among palestinians. now we know it will happen by the end of 2019. as for the response, we saw arab members of israeli parliament walk out. but the palestinians have called this a gift to extremists, that was the word of their chief negotiatedor negotiator.
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they believe it reduces the space that the plo has operate in and their president was in brussels trying to drum up support for eu recognition of a state of palestine thatis recognition of a state of palestine that is of coursesoming something we don't have an official word from the eu, other than to repeat their previous position on this. focus on a woman who made a remarkable protest in tehran in late december. a video of it has been widely shared. this is it. you can see a young woman standing on a grey box — she's waving her hijab as as a white flag on the end of a stick. in iran women have to wear the hijab. so this is a radical statement. this is where the protest
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took place. the name of the street means revolution. and hijabs have been compulsory for women since the 1979 revolution. this appears to have been a protest against that strict dress code. well as the video's been shared, people have been using the hashtag ‘where is she' on twitter. nahid seif tweet @nahidseif says ‘no one knows what happened to the girl who made a flag from her—own scarf. "no" to the mandatory hijab! she is symbol of courage!‘ artists have been sharing images that have been inspired by the protest. this is one. 0ne user called saina sa — "iranian women will never stop fighting for their freedom". well rana rahimpourfrom bbc persian came to see us earlier to say they had more information on this woman and where she's been. here's what she told me.
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we don't know her name, but we know she has been arrested. she is 31 yea rs old she has been arrested. she is 31 years old and she has a 19 month old baby a years old and she has a 19 month old babya human years old and she has a 19 month old baby a human rights lawyer, she went to the street which is a very busy down town street and spoke with the residents and talked about what happened on the 27th december. which happened on the 27th december. which happened to be a wednesday. and found out that she has been arrested. but that is as much as we know. why is it significant? it seems to be part of a campaign which started online called white wednesdays and many women were taking pictures of themselves wearing a whitehead scarf taking it off. taking pictures of themselves and sharing it online. this was the first time that somebody actually did it in public. in a street. standing fully silent. no
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conversation. no chanting. no demands, just stand there, offering a white piece of cloth which can be a white piece of cloth which can be a symbol of peace. it is connected to other protests? it is difficult to other protests? it is difficult to say there is necessary lay connection. but the fact that the other protests started the day after that shows that there is discontent throughout the country. what kind of punishment would you get for taking off your hijab like this? usually you might be put in prison for a few days and you sign a paper and you come out. because her case has become viral, it has turned into something much bigger than just offending the laws of the country. so i think that there might be more serious punishment against her. thank you. we will report from venice where
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some japanese tourists we will report from venice where somejapanese tourists got charged over a thousand euros in a restau ra nt over a thousand euros in a restaurant for a few steaks. a court has heard that a man who drove a van into a crowd of people near a mosque in north london last year wanted to kill as many muslims as possible. he denies murder and attempted murder. daniel sandford reports. the pandemonium on a summer night in north london after a large box van smashed into a crowd of worshippers at speed, leaving them strewn across the pavement — some with life—changing injuries. and leaving 51—year—old makram ali dead. today, his family were at woolwich crown court to watch as 48—year—old darren 0sborne from cardiff went on trial. jonathan rees qc for the prosecution said 0sborne deliberately drove into a group of muslims, trying to kill as many as possible. the prosecution say darren 0sborne became enraged after a bbc drama
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about sexual abuse by pakistani men in rochdale, and by the attacks on london and manchester. this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. the us senate agrees a short—term fix on the federal budget to allow government to reopen. more than 400 women's rights campaigners have held demonstrations in nairobi, demanding the implementation of a constitutional requirement that at least one—third of kenyan mps should be women. at the moment, only 19% are women. the most active volcano in the philippines, has erupted again. a huge ash cloud shrouded nearby villages in darkness. officials have now raised the alert level — meaning that a hazardous eruption is imminent. major intervention today
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from the uk's top soldier — general sir nick carter has been talking about russia. he's concerned about large scale military exercises like this one last year — several have been right on the border of nato countries. and then there are these long range missiles. they've been used by the russians in syria and they have a range of over 1,500km. general sir nick carter thinks this requires a response. this was earlier. i believe our ability to pre—empt or respond to these threats will be eroded if we don't match up to them 110w. eroded if we don't match up to them now. they represent a clear and present danger. they're not thousands of miles away, they are
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110w thousands of miles away, they are now on europe's doorstep. and the character of warfare is making it much harderfor us to recognise character of warfare is making it much harder for us to recognise true intentions and thus distinguish between what is peace and what is war. serving generals don't normally speak out like this. it's gone down well amongst other senior figures in military circles box 4 i'm amazed and delighted. it is unusualfor i'm amazed and delighted. it is unusual for serving chief to even talk about threats when those threats have got serious. but for them to talk about the need for more resources , them to talk about the need for more resources, i haven't known that in my 52 years in the navy. it is extraordinary. this is one example of why some have concerns about uk defence spending. the russians have been developing these new armata tanks. meanwhile this is the british army's challenger 2 — it's not been modernised for 20 years. and then there's troop numbers. britain's armed forces are now at their smallest
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since the napoleonic wars. it's gone from 100,000 personnel to 82,000 — in the last 7 years. but there's a different angle here. the uk spends more than many other countries — nato requires of its members that they spend 2% of gdp on defence. the uk is one of only a few members who do that. it spends 50 billion dollars. well deborah haynes from the times went to watch that speech by general carter earlier and then came to tell us what she made of it ssource
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this speech says the uk will not be able to respond if threatened and the threat of attack is, it is out there, it is not something that is not going to happen. isn't it a mistake to see the uk in isolation. in reality it would act with nato? yes the problem the uk is experiencing is something that is experienced across nato, including the united states. they have talked about how their military capability 01’ about how their military capability or their military competitiveness has eroded. because we have been focussing on countser terrorism operations as opposed to state—based threats. is the answer to russia flexing its muscles, the chinese are spending more for the west to spend more. 0r spending more for the west to spend more. or should there be diplomacy. both soft power is not credible
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u nless both soft power is not credible unless it is backed by hard power. we have seen across nato a reduction in defence spending and a hollowing of capabilities that we had hoped we wouldn't need and now it seems in this time of intensifying threat, those capabilities are necessary. why do you think this speech was able to go ahead. talk about the domestic political environment for defence spending. absolutely. we had a previous defence secretary calmed michael fallon. during his time there was tight control over what there was tight control over what the military chiefs were allowed to say. he left in november under a bit ofa say. he left in november under a bit of a cloud and a new chap called gavin williamson is there now and he was confronted with the problem of threats, a defence budget that is insufficient to match the ambition that the government stated. instead of talking up the spending, he is
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addressing the deficit. the us senate has agreed a temporary budget to end the government shutdown. let's see what the markets have made of it. samira hussain. what tiss news. on all three markets, they ended higher and in fa ct markets, they ended higher and in fact they broke records. record—breaking highs that. shows that markets are not concerned very much when it comes to some of the political machinations that are happening in washington. what they're concerned happening in washington. what they‘ re concerned about happening in washington. what they're concerned about is the impact things have on corporations. this shut down didn't impact corporations. so it didn't filter over into us markets. a quick one thank you. we will talk again tomorrow. the international monetary fund has
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upgraded its forecasts for the global economy for this this year and next. the international monetary fund is meeting in davos. 3,000 delegates are going including leaders from business, politics and royalty. all making an appearance. he is a president who has championed america first, challenging the concept of free trade and globalisation. a powerful audience for him, who have paid top dollar to attend. business leaders including the likes of a
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chinese entrepreneur, facebook and ibm to name a few. but it is no just about deal making, gender equality isa about deal making, gender equality is a theme, only 21% of delegates are women. there are high profile campaigns nowi are women. there are high profile campaigns now i under way notjust to tackle sexual harassment in the work place, but to end unfair pay. davosis work place, but to end unfair pay. davos is often criticised as just being a talking shop for the elite. so the big question is — can it bring about any lasting change? the international monetary fund has put its laters report and says there is growth coming. we heard from
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christine lagarde the concerns are will the benefits be shared? there are still too many people left out of recovery and acceleration of growth. in fact about one fifth of emerging and developing countries, one fifth of emerging and developing countries, saw their per capita income decline in 2017. a very big bill in venice — for four steaks, a plate of fried fish, water and service four japanese tourists got hit for 1,143 euros — that's $1,347! this is the actual bill. this happened in the italian city of venice,
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in the famous st mark's square. they complained about the bill to the police and the mayor of venice says: tweet @luigibrugnaro "if this disgraceful episode is confirmed, we'll do all we can to punish those responsible. we are forjustice — always!" so is this a frequent problem in venice? here's marco gasparinetti from a venice residents' forum. i would say this may happen in many different cities, paris included. there were so many million tourists are there just there were so many million tourists are therejust for a there were so many million tourists are there just for a day. and some cowboys think that these people are kind of meal cows, because they will never come back again and they can bejoe charged. never come back again and they can be joe charged. —— never come back again and they can bejoe charged. —— 0vercharged. never come back again and they can be joe charged. -- overcharged. the mayor sounds angry. we welcome this change of at lewd. last year when something happened to british
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citizens having lunch in a restau ra nt citizens having lunch in a restaurant in venice and they complained in britain, they wrote a letter to the city mayor. we very much welcome the change of attitude and we trust the local police, who is investigating this specific issue. as i said, you would expect to pay more for lunch in st mark's square. how does the city decide what an appropriate bill is? no, this is left to the free market. this was not in the st mark's. i think there is a misunderstanding, because some people may think this happened close to a restaurant close to st mark's square. it was not a restaurant. it was a kind of pub. that is why the price looks stranger. did these fourjapanese tourists pay? yes they did. with credit card. but they were not given
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any receipt which under italian legislation is compulsory. it is fiscal. can they expect to get their money back? this is the question. i wouldn't be sure about that. because there is an ongoing investigation, we would trust the local police. next time, next time, hopefully not, but these things shouldn't happen. but any british citizen who finds a similar situation the advice is to call, there is a number and they speak english. if you're in venice and you get a big bill, speak to the police. speak to you in a minute. the weather for the week ahead
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coming up in half an hour. we will talk of the milder weather in the uk and you can see that mild air due to and you can see that mild air due to a south—westerly wind driving through the uk. the cold air still underan area of through the uk. the cold air still under an area of high pressure in eastern europe. the dividing line is this front bringing snow across the alps for a time before things calm down. that snow likely to cause some disruptions later this week we have the world leaders gathering in davos to discuss their annual world economic forum and know has been falling through the alps. this is davos where we had half a metre of fresh snow. in the last couple of weeks we have had over three to four metres of snowfall in the alpine resorts. plenty of snow to come through monday. 0nce resorts. plenty of snow to come through monday. once we have got
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through monday. once we have got through monday. once we have got through monday into tuesday, things will quiet down and we will see more sunshine and the south—westerly flow driving the milder air in. you can see the difference across western europe, 12 or 13 degrees, but still cold. moscow seeing a day time maximum of minus 8. we had some stormy weather moving through the great lakes. that has cleared and things has quietened down. it is windy in north merck and america and we have another system moving in. some of that colder air is starting to push back across the great lakes and that will introduce something fresher for the next few days. nothing like the bitterly cold eweather we have seen of late. but temperatures in new york down to two degrees on thursday. but we keep some blue sky too. moving to asia
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and things have been cold and stormy. we have the cold air across northern china, korean peninsula. the snow leaving japan. things the largely quieter. some heavy rain in the southern philippines n australia, some stormy weather in the northern territories. we need to keep an eye on that. further south it is not as hot as it has been, that extreme heat easing. certainly welcome new tosser the tennis. but things will get —— welcome news for the tennis. that is it. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is 0utside source, the us government shutdown has been stopped after three days. the us
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senate has approved a short—term funding fix. turkey ignores international calls for restraint as it continues its incursion into kurdish—held territory in northern syria. george weah is sworn in as the new president of liberia — he told thousands of people at the inauguration in monrovia that he will do his ‘fair share' meet their expectations. if you have questions on any of the stories we are covering, please use the hashtag: #bbcos. it is day three of the turkish offensive against kurdish fighters in north—western syria. we were last week reporting on the turkish military build—up. all on the turkish side of the border, but all of the focus on an enclave just
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inside syria. turkey says the kurdish militia there are terrorists. translation: we will handle it. there is this stepping back from it. applause we discussed these with our russian friends. we have an agreement with them. we also discussed it with other coalition forces and the united states. our united states. 0ur spokesperson united states. our spokesperson is very close to the area, he has been telling us what he has been seeing and hearing. the turkish artillery is still bombing the area. from morning until now it hasn't stopped. at the same time the turkish army declared that they took over one of the strategic
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positions on the eastern side this afternoon. but has also come after a declaration of the turkish army, saying they took control of 11 points. five of them are kurdish villages in the north and also the western side where we are standing now. the situation is very difficult for the turkish army because they are still facing a very difficult situation under this bad weather and also the geographic reasons, because there is a mountain. that has made there is a mountain. that has made the movement for the turkish army very difficult. at the same time we must mention that the kurdish militia is still firing rockets towards the turkish villages. and today many rockets landed on the turkish side. that is what turkish medics said. many of the casualties
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have been recorded on the turkish side. see all of this in the context of the manoeuvring around who will control what in a post—war syria. in this case, turkey wants to minimise territory that's controlled by kurds. our istanbul correspondent selin girit has interviewed turkey's presidential spokesperson. here is some of that exchange. was this operation absolutely necessary? it was because this is a right that has been given to turkey asa right that has been given to turkey as a self—defence within the un charter article 50 one. turkey is a nato ally. we expect our nato allies to support us in our fight against terrorism. many people would say you are invading another country, syria, unilaterally. we are not, we're eliminating terrorist threat. that's why we said we had no interest in any syrian territory. is turkey moving away from nato and the
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western alliance? sometimes our public feels that nato is not paying enough attention to turkey's legitimate security concerns. the syrian war has entered its seventh year. we have had many casualties on oui’ year. we have had many casualties on our borders. we fought against the daesh terrorists, and other terrorist organisations, and we've received little help from nato. our public keep asking us, where is nato? but that doesn't mean that we are running away from nato, or nature was running away from turkey. key players are making their feelings known. russia is indicating it's sympathetic to turkey on this — that matters because the russians are now the dominant military force in syria. the uk and us have acknowledged turkey's right to secure its border — but they want the fighting to stop. here's more on the wider
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implications of this from rasha qandeel of bbc arabic. there is no way out unless there is an agreement between the us and russia over what should happen in northern syria and on the borders of turkey with syria. because the us is basically locked between two allies, turkey under nato, and the kurds, the other ally fighting isis. there is no way out unless there is a clear agreement between the two big forces, the us and russia, over syria. until now that doesn't seem to be coming under way. the russians said they were concerned about the turkish operation in syria but they didn't come anywhere near afterwards. the us, the scale of state m e nts afterwards. the us, the scale of statements from the department of state, has completely verged between
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total support to the kurds, to that they are acknowledging the concerns of turkey and thinking the operation can go but must be very limited in time and scope. it's a bit confusing for everyone, trump's take on this. why are the kurdish militia so committed to this small part of syria? this is the key to the whole north of having a complete effect in the north. if they managed to com plete the north. if they managed to complete their existence on the north, that means a safe area for them and a point of confirming authority of the us if they keep supporting them. this is a military mismatch, isn't it, between the turkish military and a relatively small amount of kurdish militia? many observers think that. especially the military ones. there
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isa especially the military ones. there is a difference between them whether the stf, the group that is on the border is supported by the us, or the other people's protection unit, which is following another kurdish party. they are the ones that fired the two rockets towards turkey the day before yesterday. everyday we bring you biggest global stories. that is the situation at three turkey and syria. next, liberia. george weah has been sworn in as the new president of liberia. it took place in a packed stadium on the outskirts of monrovia. this is a moment of huge significance — for weah he trades footballing stardom for political power. for liberia — it's the first time peaceful transition of power in more than 70 years. tamasin ford reports. it's going to be the biggest match of his life, south africa's first elected female, to the continent's
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first football head of state. expectations are high but his fans are confident. the i love him so much. i am are confident. the i love him so much. iam here are confident. the i love him so much. i am here for our country. are confident. the i love him so much. iam here for our country. i am so much. iam here for our country. i am so happy. weah made his fame in the 90s while liberia was fighting 14 years of civil war. weah is sworn in as the 24th president of liberia. what better way to do it than at a football stadium? what better way to do it than at a football stadium ? africa's what better way to do it than at a football stadium? africa's most celebrated footballer is now the 24th president of liberia. fans here are euphoric. he is called the country giant here. they are desperate that his glittering football success can be translated off the pitch. we want to narrow the
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gap between the rich and the poor. we wa nt gap between the rich and the poor. we want to make sure that the resources do not end up in the pockets of others. this marks the first peaceful handover of power in liberia for more than 70 years. he was an inspiration on the pitch, now there is huge pressure to do the same in politics. we do our best to pack all of the stories in. of course, there are more than we can get into one hour, you can see the rest on the bbc news website and you can use the bbc news app. at least six people have died of the democratic republic of congo during protests calling on the president to go. he was supposed to step down at
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the end of his second term in 2016 but he didn't. police have used live ammunition and tear gas at these protests which have been taking place at some of the most significant cities across the country. bearing in mind these demonstrations were banned but went ahead anyway. our correspondent has more on the story. you may find some of the scenes in the report disturbing. these were the scenes on the streets of contrast on sunday morning. this is the aftermath. witnesses say this 16—year—old was shot dead outside of charge in the congolese capital. translation: they fired at least five bullets. my older sister lost a lot of blood. we were there. there was nothing we could do. the un says six people died and 49 others were injured after security
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forces fired live rounds and tear gas to disperse the crowds. the government denies this. officials say two people were killed and nine police officers injured. despite the government ban on protests, demonstrators marched on sunday morning accompanied by catholic priests. they are calling on their president to step down. the president to step down. the president was expected to resign more than a year ago after the country's influential catholic church helped negotiate a deal, but elections have been delayed until december 2018. translation: the congolese people are determined. we are fed up. we need real elections. he needs to be removed from this country. he no longer wants to respect the law. he no longer even wants to respect the agreement. he no longerwants no longer even wants to respect the agreement. he no longer wants to respect the constitution. the catholic church remained a key
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voice of the opposition. in december it called for a government protest which led to at least six deaths. now pope francis has called for peace. translation: let's think about the congo now. from this square. and all of these young people. i ask the authorities, those responsible, and to everyone in that wonderful country to put all of their effort and work into avoiding all forms of violence. tensions remain high in the country after dozens were arrested during the protests. although elections are scheduled for the end of the year the government crackdown over the weekend has led many to lack confidence that it will actually ta ke confidence that it will actually take place. if you go backjust over a month on
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outside source we were telling you that iraq's prime minister was saying his forces had defeated the eye s group in iraq. —— defeated the is in iraq. but there are still daily attacks on iraqi soldiers. most are close to border with syria — is remains active there too. nafiseh kohn—avard from bbc persian has spent time with the us army in a place al-qaim on the iraqi side of the border. this is her report. this train station has seen many battles pass—through. the invasion of iraq and the fight against al-qaeda and two months ago it saw one of the final stanza of the militants who called themselves islamic state. this was an american base used back in 2008 to fight
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al-qaeda fighters. it now, as you can see, stands completely devastated after it was recently won over from isis militants. devastated after it was recently won overfrom isis militants. the prime minister declaring victory. but months later this station which sits on the border with syria is not at peace. the threat is still very real from isis. in the past ten days there have been attacks almost daily. attacking the border checkpoints, destroying iraqi tanks, vehicles, there has been many casualties. coalition forces are now placed here. they have been fighting attacks from across the border. they gave us exclusive access to their operations, covering one of the most challenging areas of the country. this area is a complicated mosaic of
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different tribes and different law enforcement and security organisations. the most popular are the iranians backed units. they have been key in fighting is. this was some action recently on the border. there is an uneasy understanding between the americans and many of the uranium backed fighters. they share a common enemy. but are far from friends. —— iranians backed fighters. for now they say they are focused on dealing with the threat from is and they know it could be a long fight. i don't know if we will ever be able to say that isis is over. what i think will happen one day is once the iraqi security forces and the government of iraq and people of iraq can work together
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to create conditions where isis looks around and realises it no longer has a place to insert itself, i think on that day we will wake up and realise that isis is gone. it won't be a decoration it'll be a realisation. —— declaration. won't be a decoration it'll be a realisation. -- declaration. but that day is not yet here. they are still clearly a threat. much more background on the situation in iraq online. we must turn to a story which has been getting lots of coverage in the uk. the leader of ukip henry bolton is refused to step down. has refused to step down. much to the consternation of many senior members of the party. ukip‘s national executive committee passed a vote of no confidence in henry bolton yesterday — all related to racist texts sent by his ex—girlfriend.
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this was mr bolton earlier. i shall respect the next steps in the constitutional process. and will therefore not be resigning as party leader. i shall repeat, i will not be resigning as party leader. instead, during the next four weeks, i shall be calling for the coordination and mobilisation of all leave campaigns to ensure the government delivers full independence from the european union in all areas of government and administration. and i shall be calling for the party itself to mobilise in order to support that effort. this is the most pressing matter facing our nation, and i am determined not to allow the nec to distract the party away from participating in the independence debate. without reflecting at all on its individual members, the nec, as presently constituted, is unfit for purpose. henry bolton also says he's going to overhaul the party.
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here's leila nathoo. this would have been a provocative statement from henry bolton. many of his colleagues wanted him to do the right thing, in their eyes, and stand aside for the good of the party. they said this episode with his ex govett had been a damaging distraction for the party. but he thinks the opposite, that the leadership and attaining these thoughts of a change at this time would be the distraction. he has dug his hand in, lay down the gauntlet to his party, he has said that it is time for change and time to reform, and he's the man do it. he has challenged the nec. he has said that it should be cleared out and that they should drain the swan. he was hoping that the statement would calm the atmosphere in ukip. i think this has done the opposite. before that general meeting of ukip members, who will consider the vote of
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no—confidence in henry bolton, i think the next few weeks are going to be pretty fractures. —— pretty crows. scientists think they're as good at solving problems as seven year old kids. here's some evidence. this is a caledonian crow showing off tool—making skills. this bird using its bill to make a hook. then it uses the hook to retrieve food. what is remarkable is not the use of the hook, although that is impressive, but also construct the tall you are using, well, that puts the crow in a small group because only humans and crows have shown themselves capable of making a hook and using it. even our closest relatives, the chimpanzees, cannot make them. victoria gill is our science
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correspondent and she explained how scientists have made this discovery. they can make hooks, it was spotted 20 years ago, that was just something which was seen in the wild. researchers thought they were using sticks to winkle food out of little crevices. they thought they we re little crevices. they thought they were told —— tool using birds. they we re were told —— tool using birds. they were ha rd to were told —— tool using birds. they were hard to reach. but because they we re were hard to reach. but because they were seen were hard to reach. but because they were seen to be potentially interesting and could reveal so much about this piece of technology they have started using spontaneously in the wild, these researchers from saint andrews built an aviary on that island so they could study the birds. bring in birds temporarily, put them to the test, see how they behave, and that is how this new research has been carried out. they are not just research has been carried out. they are notjust using hooks but they are notjust using hooks but they are making them, as well. exactly.
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the fact you can see in these experiments where they have time to how good they are when using the hooks at finding food, you can see how carefully they craft them in this video. this is a new caledonian crow. in one of the aviaries. they ta ke crow. in one of the aviaries. they take their time. they strip away the plant material. they turned the engine toa plant material. they turned the engine to a perfect, sharp hook. that will be more effective than just using a twig, which are the birds have been seen to do, in capturing the prey they want to get. that is why it has evolved. they are putting them to the test and seeing how well they work. researchers have said they have seen technology being developed in the animal kingdom. a reason why it would evolve spontaneously. very exciting. thus this animal shows signs of being intelligent in other ways? is it markedly different from other birds? they are an intelligent group of birds. crows and magpies, are the
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ones we are familiar with, but these guys, ones we are familiar with, but these guys, and a distant relative, the hawaiian crow, who also evolved on a tiny island with this unique ecology. there are very few predators. they also show signs of using tools. maybe it is something to do with this island effect, they are to do with this island effect, they a re left to do with this island effect, they are left to their own devices to be able to naturally develop these skills and this invention which has something to do with this. what are these researchers are looking to find out is what that could tell us about how technology developed in human life, as well, and how our a ncestors human life, as well, and how our ancestors developed fishing hooks for the first time all of those thousands of years ago. do they teach each other? do they share knowledge? good question. they have seen some knowledge? good question. they have seen some signs that the older birds are refining and fine tuning these hooks to make them better. they seem to be teaching one another. they have been studying them for such a short amount of time on an revolutionary timescale that they
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don't know exactly how this knowledge is shared. that is something for the future. where will they go next? are they making the technology better? are they learning from each other and creating a culture of technology? these are all the questions we want to find out. thanks to her for coming thanks to herfor coming by. remember this guy from the 2016 rio olympics? this is pita taufatofua who was tongan flag bearer at the opening ceremony — and pictures of his bare—chested outfit went viral. he was in rio as a taekwondo at competitor. he didn't find much much success. now he's trying cross country skiing. he's the first tongan to qualify for the winter olympics and he'll be in pyeongchang next month. the olympic games start on the 9th of february.
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of course tonga is a small pacific island — lots of palm trees and beaches less so snow. here's pita training on roller skis. this was a promotional video he was making to raise funds to get to the olympics. he has managed to do that. he hadn't seen snow until two years ago. we will keep an eye on how he does. thank you very much for watching. see you tomorrow. goodbye. i will give you a fair amount of detail on how we see the rest of the month panning out across the british isles. then we will take a quick look at some of the things we may develop in the first part of february. the coming week, a bit of
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a mixture. a mild start, certainly, but as we close out the week things will briefly turn cooler. not as cold as we have had it, but cooler than the start of the week. it'll be s0 than the start of the week. it'll be so cold because of this, notice we have two weather fronts lurking with intent across the british isles. the more easterly feature bringing a wet start across eastern parts. then we will drag this week feature down and across england and wales later in the day. behind that, there is a decent chance of seeing some decent sunshine. they will be at their best across angus and aberdeenshire, out towards the north and west is plenty of showers, similar across northern ireland. having had some sunny spells over england, they may well just fade away as the westerly feature drags its way down across northern parts of england through wales. with some showers if not longer spells of rain there.
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wednesday is interesting, not only do we have a vigorous area of low pressure towards the northern half of scotland, 70 mph gusts there at times, but this weather feature here, a band of cloud and rain and strong winds will work its way across all parts. no escape from that. following on behind, despite the presence of the sunshine, it's a mixture of sunny spells and showers. as we go into thursday we still have quite tightly packed isobars. the wind is a feature again. still coming from the south—west. that is important. that will keep a relatively mild field to proceedings. temperatures will have slipped back by a degree or two. but the wind will want to get around to the wind will want to get around to the north westerly, and at this time of year that is a cool direction. and the isobars are tightly packed. there will be an edge to the breeze,
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shall we say, if not a full on wind. undercut the temperature profile, five to nine. —— and look at the temperature profile. that short, sharp shock is just that because we start the weekend, isobars unlined, somewhere over the west and south—west. but again it brings the possibilities of frontal systems increasing the cloud, some rain moving in across western scotland, northern england, the top of wales may be, and into northern ireland, too. sunday will be dry in the south—eastern quarter. but this system has brought in mild airfor the most of the british isles. and into the following week it could well be that we see a high—pressure moving in under this great big eddie in thejet moving in under this great big eddie in the jet stream. that could settle things down in the southern part of
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the british isles, but less so in the british isles, but less so in the very far north of scotland. in the very far north of scotland. in the south a risk of fog and frost. wet and windy in the north, we suspect, but i think it could well be milder there. lots going on. take care. goodbye. tonight at ten: new evidence of the intense pressure on the nhs, as winter takes its toll. ambulances wait in line outside hospitals, unable to deliver patients, because there's no spare capacity inside. at the moment, we have no rooms in the a&e so these patients are just waiting for beds. we spent four days filming in a&e at a hospital in the north—east of england — one that has some of the best waiting times. they're marvellous, these two men. they've never left me. i know. i'm in agony. staff at north tees say they're doing the best they can, but they can't cope with the numbers coming for help. there's not the capacity. we don't have the capacity to safely look after the amount of patients that are coming through the door.
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we'll have an extended report from north tees, where the problems are similar to those in many other areas.
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