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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  February 19, 2018 9:00pm-10:01pm GMT

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. stu d e nts students are demanding a change to gun laws. president trump says he is open to enforcing tighter background checks. meanwhile the 17—year—old suspect, nikolas cruz, makes his second court appearance. he's accused of killing 17 students and teachers. turkey warns damascus against helping kurdish fighters in north—west syria where the turks are carrying out a military offensive. one of britain's most prolific paedophiles, is jailed for thirty—two years. falder was one of the most prolific child exploitation offenders and blackmailers we've ever seen, in the uk or even in the us. bbc news just got bigger today — we hear about the two new language services that have just launched. the florida shooting suspect,
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nikolas cruz made his second court appearance today. the 17—year—old is accused of 17 counts of murder. this was a status hearing and not part of the trial. we got this statement from the white house earlier. last april the president said... some people have jumped
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last april the president said... some people havejumped on that and said this is the president shifting his position. others have said, not so his position. others have said, not so much, it isjust about his position. others have said, not so much, it is just about enforcing what already exists. toa what already exists. to a certain extent it is but it is a step towards greater enforcement. arguably what would it have done to stop this shooting in florida? perhaps not very much because we know that nikolas cruz did by his guns illegally and there are loopholes, in spite of background checks you can still buy a gun from a private dealer or all without any background check. although this is a check whether or not it would make a big difference in this shooting or any other is still a matter of debate. a couple of other things i want to ask you about. we are told he is recovering but has
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a long road ahead. some of the survivors of this attack are now planning an attack on washington that will happen next month. here is one student on why she will be going. i want people to understand how much this hurts. how much it hurts to have your security and your friends and people that you see every day taken away from you all because this 19—year—old was allowed to buy a weapon and walk onto a school campus. i want people to realise that it is not ok and we need stricter gun control laws. america is listening to these stu d e nts america is listening to these students at the moment. they look like they are making the most of that chance. this is fascinating, the mobilisation of these young people, because they represent the biggest
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demographic block fought in the country. and although a lot of them cannot afford yet give them another year or $0 cannot afford yet give them another yearorso and cannot afford yet give them another year or so and they will, and they are angry and mobilise. and congress is going to start listening to them pretty quickly because this is all about numbers. and we also see that young people of that sort of each group are the only lock that is going up in terms of how many of them fought each year. a very significant development and eight new developments. we have not seen this type of reaction from young people themselves, from the victims themselves, after these deadly shootings. next we are going to talk about syria. the government has launched a number
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of attacks in this rebel on clear. —— rebel enclave. you can hear the pounding of the air strikes. activists are seeing more than 70 civilians have died in the last 2a hours. the question is whether the syrian army will launch an all—out offensive if the rebels do not surrender. there are 400,000 people living there. thank you forjoining us. given the upper hand held by the government what options are available to the fighters and civilians there? the civilians are paying the highest price. the fighters are still trying to resist. there are mortars falling over damascus. some areas attacked
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our civilian areas. there are many civilians trapped there. the last few months were the worst in terms of bombardment. and the government has reused barrel bombs. and the rebels controlling this area, where do they fit into the larger national picture in syria? there are different groups. we do not have isis. there are other
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islamist groups, they are locals from the area. the vast majority of people in this area are civilians. there is a scarcity of food. this escalation in the attacks, surface to surface missiles, barrel bombs, all launched in the past 24 of us. over 70 civilians died in the past 24 hours. this is a worrying situation. when you talk to people on the ground they feel that nobody ca res on the ground they feel that nobody cares about the agony or about their death. hours after syrian state media
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reported that pro—government forces were about to enter afrin in northern syria, there's still no sign of their deployment. the enclave is held by kurdish fighters who are under severe pressure from turkey. syrian state media said the government was going to help the kurds which raised the prospect of a direct confrontation between turkey and syria. here's the turkish foreign minister. translation: if they regime is sent into the area to confront pkk there is no problem but that comes in to protect ypg nobody can stop the turkish army.
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this map shows the parts of syria held by the government — that is controlled by kurdish forces known as ypg. a huge swathe of territory, much of which borders turkey. since news of this imminent arrival of troops supporting the syrian government, the kurds have now reported an increase in shelling on their positions by the turks. the consequences are already kicking in. here is our reporter on why the syrian government has chosen to get involved. the syrian government offers to get involved two weeks before the turkish offensive started because one of their targets is to take back as much territory as they can from syria. this was under kurdish
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control for months. it is for the interest to enter afrin. it was for the kurds to understand maybe they have to ask for help. yesterday it was leaked, this agreement was leaked, by that kurdish forces. it's made headlines this morning in the region in all newspapers. later this afternoon and this evening, another spokesman said there is no deal. we have been waiting all day for this agreement is to be implemented. but it seems that there were some means that exploded when the implementation of this deal, and nothing happened all day, so the syrian government said some popular
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units are entering, it is not the regular army. these are troops who are sympathetic to the syrian government, offering their help to the kurds. how significant a military intervention is that given that their opposition as the turkish military? these popular units, according to how the government called them, arc pro—iranian and union backed militias that are operating in neighbouring villages. these people are pro—government but they follow a different agenda as well. entering in this region could be problematic for the kurds and could be problematic for the turkish forces as well. we started reading into these statements to understand why the agreement wasn't permitted
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all day and why turkey has raised the tone. we have a number of state m e nts the tone. we have a number of statements by the turkish government saying this will complicate things and we will fight, we will not let the syrian forces destroy our achievement in that area. all these several messages, there is something thatis several messages, there is something that is not understood in this deal, was not agreed on the higher level, was not agreed on the higher level, was at local? did the americans and a few was at local? did the americans and afew in was at local? did the americans and a few in that? were the russians on board with this? all the information that we have got, that the russians we re that we have got, that the russians were present in this deal. and if they are present they have informed they are present they have informed the turkish side. but where things blew up we still don't understand. and as we try and understand, our
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collea g u es and as we try and understand, our colleagues are helping us. and later we will be telling you about new language services with the prospect of helping millions of people. prime minister theresa may has announced a review of university funding in england saying that stu d e nts funding in england saying that students face some of the highest funding in the world. she also called for an end to outdated attitudes to technical education. most journalists, attitudes to technical education. mostjournalists, politicians, attitudes to technical education. most journalists, politicians, took the academic group themselves and will expect their children to do the same. and there remains a perception that going to university is the only decidable route while going into training is something for other people's children. if we are going to succeed in building a fairer society and a stronger economy we
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need is to throw away this i stated attitude for good and create a system of tertiary education that works for all our young people. that means quality of access to university education not dependent on background, a greaterfocus on the technical alternatives also. welcome back to outside source. the white house is saying president trump is supportive of efforts to improve background checks on gun ownership following on from the shooting dead of 17 people at a florida school. the government of iran says it cannot confirm that the passenger plane which crashed on sunday has been spotted in a mountain range. 65 people were on board. israel says
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it has signed a multi—billion dollar gas deal with egypt. we understand that gas will be imported into egypt, some of it may be liquefied there, and then exported again. chinese authorities are demanding severe punishment for a man who is accused of stabbing fun stealing the thumb of this terracotta warriors statue —— accused of breaking off the farm. we now have nearly 40 language services. bbc bernie ‘s, bbc russian. today's focus is bbc nigeria.
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this can be primarily accessed through your mobile. we have been asking people if they can sing the nigerian national anthem in that language. they sing. these latest launchers are part of a bigger expansion of bbc world service and that is funded by the uk government. it is giving around
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$120,000 per year and it is aimed at reaching half a billion people by 2022 all around the world. this was a next two years ago when the uk government strategic defence and security review said, there is nothing new in this. lots of countries are investing in broadcasters. russia, turkey and china invests hugely in their broadcasters. it is worth adding that the uk government might be funding this expansion but it is not telling bbc news what to say. we have been talking to some of the people in nigeria who are about to get these new services. last year the service was launched, it has attracted a young, vibrant,
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digitally connected audience. for months now there has been anticipation about the launch of the new services. what do people make of them? i learned very well from it. they will understand what is going oi'i. they will understand what is going on. some of us cannot speak english flue ntly on. some of us cannot speak english fluently but if it is in our language. it is important to have something in our mother tongue.“ you want to get their news from the bbc in one of 40 languages head to the website and the rest will be easy. protectionism. donald trump is keen
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on it. he thinks free—trade deals have been bad for the us. he was to overhaul the free trade deal between mexico, canada and the us. he has pulled the us out of the transpacific partnership. and steel and aluminium production is central, he is proposing tariffs. and this is what the head of the un trade body says. anxiety amongst a large section of the population as a function of two different processes. at one level there is globalisation really assume that markets can fix things on their own. trade cannot automatically create equality, there has to be a regulatory authority in the country that tends to distribute the country that tends to distribute the benefits of trade. having said that a lot of the jobs are being lost to automation. you have to
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combine these different things. the decline retreat of the welfare state. the absence of a mechanism that he distributes the benefits of trade. this is proving controversial because there are accusations that donald trump's sun is exploiting the family's political influence. -- donald trump's son. this is the advert that has been in the national dailies. join donald
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trump junior the national dailies. join donald trumpjunior in the national dailies. join donald trump junior in conversation the national dailies. join donald trumpjunior in conversation and dinner. this seems to be doing the trick. just within one month of its launch, trump tower has already booked about 70 houses. that is a 2—storey property. already 70 people have pre—booked these flats. the way it works out as that the developers would be taking over the construction and that trump tower is just involved with the branding and would be taking royalties. although the developer of this project says that this was signed before donald trump became president, the timing of donald trump junior could trump became president, the timing of donald trumpjunior could not be more curious because this is the time where we have seen a slump in the real estate market, especially in the area read this project was launched. it seems that this sales pitch is a boosterfor
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launched. it seems that this sales pitch is a booster for both launched. it seems that this sales pitch is a boosterfor both builders to get that interest from luxury buyers. if you go to the bbc news website and look at the most red list right at the top is one story concerning kfc. it has had to close lots of outlets in the us —— in the uk because of a lack of chicken. no! when you've been promised kfc as a half term treat but there is no chicken. nine—year—old maxine is not happy. angry. sad. and disappointed. and hungry? very hungry! are you more hungry or angry? hungry! it's notjust maxine's local outlet. hundreds across the uk are shut because kf has no c. they've run out of chicken. pretty shocking, really, to be fair. pretty shocking. especially when you're hungry, like, you know what i mean?
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kfc have blamed teething problems with the new delivery contract. they switched to dhl last week, who say operational issues have disrupted the supply. it's a chicken place, so they should have enough chicken. they should be able to store it. it's a big chain, so it does seem unbelievable, really. all the chicken... there's farmers, surely there should be enough chickens. we tried several outlets across bristol today but found no fingers being licked. almost every store closed. it's lunchtime. you'd expect these hatches to be really busy at this point but the kitchen is empty, the fryers switched off. chicken with fries, please. chicken with fries. it's a far cry from this. tonight, the company is encouraging staff to take holidays until it can meet the demand again.
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kfc says its own employees will be paid, but the large majority of restaurants are franchises. it just seems amazing. i thought everything was pretty much automated these days and as they use chicken, more's ordered. something has gone seriously wrong. the company says it's working flat out to rectify the problem. but, for some, that is little consolation. jon kay, bbc news. ina in a couple of minutes time we are going to turn to their winter olympics and talk about this russian ca ra olympics and talk about this russian cara who has tested positive for a banned substance. we are awaiting the second test butterfat is also positive he and his wife who won bronze in mixed doubles, fa are
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found —— if he is found to have cheated, they will lose their medals. we are going to start this week at the world whether in a place you do not normally associate with heavy outbreaks of rain, the middle east. but this cloud has worked steadily eastwards and brought heavy falls of rain which would have been welcomed but also brought localised flooding. 80 millimetres fell across parts of lebanon, 70 millimetres in parts of iran, and almost 100 and parts of iraq. and as the winds picked up dust storms blew into kuwait, turning the sky is orange. that area
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of low pressure has worked eastwards bringing heavy rain and mountain snow across eastern areas of iran and into afghanistan. in the united states there is an area of cloud stretching from the rocky mountains to their great lakes, heavy snowfall across parts of utah, south dakota over the last 24 hours. that weather is working its way eastwards. risk of flooding. temperature contrasts across north america at the moment. arctic air is entrenched in canada, -15 arctic air is entrenched in canada, —15 in winnipeg, but highs of 29 celsius in miami. double trouble in australia and new zealand, this is extra pickle cyclone kelvin. this will be a
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double whammy of whether for new zealand. torrential falls of rain are on the way. 150—200 millimetres of rain across the south island. widespread flooding over the next couple of days. then there is the winds, damaging and destructive gusts of wind reaching 80 mph. and the remains of kelvin will bring heavy rain to parts of south and western australia. 150 millimetres of rain. there could be localised flash flooding. big thunderstorms as well affecting queens land. closer to home, in europe, if you love across eastern scotland, eastern parts of england, i am sure you have noticed cloud and rain, it is tied in with this weather system which is bringing wet weather across france,
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belgium and holland. we will continue to see that mixture of claudio bravo weather lasting into tuesday. there are signs that the weather is starting to turn colder across europe and that could be a sign of things to come. hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source, and these are the main stories here in the bbc newsroom students stage a "lie—in" outside the white house to demand changes to gun laws in america as president trump says he's open to enforcing tighter background checks. meanwhile the 17—year—old suspect, nikolas cruz, makes his second court appearance. he's accused of killing 17 students and teachers. one of britain's most prolific paedophiles, matthew falder is jailed for 32 years. us homeland security describe him as the worst of his kind. he was one of the most prolific child exploiters in the uk and even
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the us. olympic doping scandals come in many forms. try this one out. this is a russian athlete, he won a bronze medal, along with his wife, in the mixed doubles curling at the winter olympics in south korea. he tested positive for meldonium, which can increase an athlete's injuries and recovery. i should show you some curling footage, just some general action to give you an idea. you probably wouldn't call it an injury in sport, so this has had a few people rubbing their heads. here is
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a russian curling coach at the olympics. translation: let's wait for the official result. i can't comment on this yet but for me it is absolutely obvious that this cannot be possible, because after such a huge scandal in the last two years with meldonium, i did believe that a normal person could have taken it and use this method for the olympics. he would have to be com pletely olympics. he would have to be completely stupid. i just don't believe it. sasha is an intelligent and normal boy. i don't believe that this is possible. it might seem unbelievable that a cola would cheat using a drug well—known, but it is also worth mentioning that when russia hosted the olympics in sochi four years ago it also seemed unlikely that the host would be planning a huge operation to systematically doped many members of its own team, thus fundamentally undermining many of the events and being tired games. but that's what happened. that might also seem unlikely that four short years
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later, more than 150 russian athlete would be allowed to compete in the winter olympics, despite russia being banned, and despite us knowing about industrial scale cheating organised by the russians. that's happening too. the athletes are called olympic athletes of russia, not russian olympians, though you could be forgiven for not spotting the difference, they still wear red and white. there was another positive test at the olympic ‘s last week, this japanese speed skater was thrown out. so here is one anti—doping expert, looking at where we have got on this issue, this time around. this must be a huge disappointment for those who are trying very, very hard to make this a very clean games, but it is the second doping offence, or doping violation, rather, that is being reported. but it is perhaps more interesting to know that this particular substance is somewhat controversial. it was only added to
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the list in 2016, and perhaps the most famous athlete involved in this particular substance use was maria sharapova. so we know it has a medicinal use, but whether or not this particular individual had applied for and received a therapeutic use exemption, we may not know just yet. therapeutic use exemption, we may not knowjust yet. initially, these strict liability will apply, and the athlete will be disqualified, unless they can somehow show there is good reason to consider this as a com pletely reason to consider this as a completely non—intentional, perhaps even a situation where the athlete has been spiked or targeted in some way, it was not their fault. for more on this particular drug, bbc sport. the substance that he tested positive for cover meldonium, was developed in latvia and still widely available over—the—counter in many
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eastern european countries. away from sport it is used to treat heart conditions, but the world anti—doping agency put it on the banned list in 2016 because of the standard could have informants enhancing qualities because it increases blood flow and as a result could be used as a drug to boost in june. since it was put on the banned list, a numberof june. since it was put on the banned list, a number of eastern european athletes have tested positive for this. as far as this one is concerned, i understand he has told russian officials it could be as a result of a spiked drink at a pre—olympic training camp. he has gone to seoul to witness the opening ofab gone to seoul to witness the opening of a b sample, if it comes back positive he will have the right to hearing from the court of arbitration for sport, he could provide any evidence that could explain how the substance got into his system. if he is found guilty of a doping offence, that bronze medal they won in the mixed curling will be taken they won in the mixed curling will be ta ken away, they won in the mixed curling will be taken away, he could face a band of four years as well. this would have ramifications not just of four years as well. this would have ramifications notjust for him that for the neutral athletes, over
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150 of them competing injung chang, because they hoped that russia would because they hoped that russia would be reinstated by the closing ceremony. be reinstated by the closing ceremony. the ioc said they would ta ke ceremony. the ioc said they would take all factors into consideration as to whether they have met all the rules and regulations, and also this case as well, it could have ramifications on that. they will make a decision, the ioc, as to whether russia can march under the elliptic flag by the end of this week so we wait the outcome of this case. now to one of the top stories here in the uk. a british paedophile who blackmailed victims has been sentenced to 32 years in prison. matthew falder was a university lecturer — and he admitted 137 offences. he was caught after an operation involving the uk, australia, new zealand, slovenia and israel and america. here's what the us department of homeland security has said. matthew falder was one of the most prolific child exploiters and blackmail as we have ever seen or the us. it became the volume of
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victims and the techniques that were employed and the discipline that was employed and the discipline that was employed around the internet not be identified and the court was something we had never seen before. more on this from the bbc‘s sima kotecha, who has been covering the entire trial. so what was it i have done, what is it i was supposed to have done? dr matthew falder being arrested at his workplace last year. the 29—year—old spent years posing asa the 29—year—old spent years posing as a female artist online to trick his victims into sending him naked pictures of themselves. it sounds like the rap sheet from hell. he then researched their profiles on social media, and use that information to blackmail them into sending him more obscene images. he even installed secret cameras in people post zack holmes to film them in the shower and using the toilet. falder contacted more than 300 people worldwide. one of his victims
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told us she can no longer trust anyone. i was ashamed of what i have done. all relationships broke down. you can't be friends with someone that doesn't trust you, and i didn't trust them. even though they did nothing wrong. and i did nothing wrong. there was no trust any more. last year, he pleaded guilty to 137 charges, including encouraging the rape of a child and possessing a paedophile manual. today he was sentenced to more than 30 years. the feeling of helplessness he embodied in the victims, and took them to a place where they never wanted to go, is truly horrific. and those videos will be with me and the team probably for the rest of our lives. falder was under surveillance for several months during a four—year investigation. the cambridge graduate was identified by the national crime agency. they'd worked
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with partner agencies across the world, including the australian federal police and homeland security in america to find the man who was behind the messages. falder lived in this block of flats. he worked at birmingham university. now, officers say his motivation was power and control. he wanted his victims to feel embarrassed and humiliated, and he was confident he could outwit the authorities. he contacted vulnerable people seeking work on websites. he then used names such as 666 double and evil mind on the dark net, to communicate with other paedophiles. the dark net is a type of private computer network that is closed off from the rest of the world wide web. have you sent pictures of your blackmail victims to the parents of the victim? no comment. the grandparents? when questioned, falder did not cooperate. today the
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judgment called him a internet highway man. the paedophile showed no remorse or emotion throughout the proceedings. more information on that story and all the stories we cover on outside source on the bbc news website. there is full coverage on the florida school shooting and you can read more about president trump and the gun control debate. the leaders of eight british cities were in brussels today to hold talks with the eu's chief brexit negotiator michel barnier. they are making the case to keep strong links with the eu after brexit. these are the cities that held the meetings — london's not listed — the rest of the cities believe london is getting all the attention in brexit negotiations. they are arguing they deserve the intention because brexit will impact
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on their people. this is about putting uk cities on the map. in our region, we are really concerned we will end up with a brexit that only works for the city of london. it has got to work for the whole of the uk economy forced there are thousands ofjobs in our region at stake, and i've been making the case in the heart of europe to make sure our region has a voice in these negotiations. but the british government is doing the what can you really do? we have been raising the point our cities are raising, representing our communities, talking at the interests of businesses and making sure this is not just seen as businesses and making sure this is notjust seen as a london centric solution to brexit, this is a solution to brexit, this is a solution that benefits the whole of the uk and puts all of our uk cities firmly on the map. just before christmas, we covered a story that the eu began unprecedented disciplinary proceedings against poland. it argued that poland's government was flouting the rule of law by attacking the independence of polish courts and judges. the issue hasn't gone away.
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not least because poland's allies are clear they will stand by it. hungary, poland and most recently austria have seen right—wing nationalist parties do well in elections. this week, jenny hill is looking at these divisions this is creating within the eu. today, jenny reports from zambrov in poland, on the success of the law and justice party. when your country has come a long way, it is easy to feel left behind. poland has gone from communism, to the eu, to relative prosperity. but out here, many felt forgotten — until now. generous child benefits, a lower retirement age, small wonder perhaps the pis government gets the family vote. translation: everyone,
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all the other parties make promises, but they don't deliver. pis kept their promises, it is good and i support them and i don't see anything wrong with what they are doing. quite the opposite. but they have divided a country, enraged the eu. last year, protests in warsaw, pis attacks press freedom, access to abortion and the independence of the judiciary. translation: the system is already broken. there is no balance of power. we are moving towards an authoritarian state. one party will dominate parliament and will destroy independent justice. but resistance is giving way to resignation, the government is backed in part by the catholic church, the voice of tradition is growing louder. translation: most importantly
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was patriotism that drove me towards pis, the patriotism i inherited from my grandparents and my parents. i could only find that kind of patriotism in the pis party. it is as if there is a battle going on here for the very soul of this country. it divides society into liberal elite or populist patriot and it is a struggle which symbolises, perhaps even feeds, what is happening within the eu. this is no longer a defining moment simply for poland, but for the whole european project. because, it seems, no one is really sure how to deal with what is arguably the eu's most troublesome state. silvio berlusconi has been speaking
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to the bbc. he was italy's prime minister, trying to make a comeback. he says he is the best option for italians in the general election. he says his criminal conviction for tax fraud in 2013 was shameful, but that italians never lost faith in him. we shall see about that. he has had a bizarre exchange the bbc, as you will see. forts and italia! many thought he was politically finished, done. but silvio berlusconi, italy's four—time prime minister, is making a comeback. his centre—right coalition is set to win the most votes in the general election in two weeks' time. outside of italy, berlusconi's famous for his love of women, and his ability to remain freshfaced. but in many parts of
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this country, he is much more than that. translation: this country, he is much more than that. translationzlj this country, he is much more than that. translation: i am voting for berlusconi, his experience, i trust him,i berlusconi, his experience, i trust him, iam berlusconi, his experience, i trust him, i am sure he has learned from his mistakes. translation: he has built a good coalition, he has my full confidence. berlusconi can't technically become prime minister. in 2013, he was banned from public office because of his criminal convictions for tax fraud. but he can still lead his party. when i caught up with him, i asked why he thinks he is the best person for the job. translation: thinks he is the best person for the job. translationzlj thinks he is the best person for the job. translation: i was ousted from politics because of an unbelievably shameful sentence. the italian people know that everything that's been said about me is false, that all the accusations are made up. they never stopped trusting me, and i have governed this country for longer than anyone else. his main
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challenge will come from the 5—star movement, an antiestablishment political party on the right. so in a couple of weeks, silvio berlusconi, a man who can't be elected as an mp, and isn't even allowed to vote, could be back in power, leading a grand coalition in parliament here. this would be in effect the fifth time he has led this country. despite the prominent of feminist campaigns worldwide, including movements like me too, it seems many italian women can look beyond berlusconi's alleged sex scandals. translation: he is my idol. all men are like that. he was just a fool because he got caught. me too is not so strong in italy as it has been in the anglo—saxon countries. people don't remember very well the night of berlusconi, all the scandals. it is something far away in
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all the scandals. it is something faraway in our all the scandals. it is something far away in our memory. and not many interviews with covenant interviews in like this these days. translation: don't shake hands like that, too strong. men will think this one is going to beat me up and no one will marry you. let's try again. no, a little less! who is ever going to marry you? i'm joking, you have to joke every once in a while. for many, the idea that berlusconi would run the country again was itself a joke a year ago. but the man italians either love or hate seems on the verge of yet another comeback. and of course on the cover of weeks' time we will tell you how mr berlusconi got on. in zimbabwe, a huge crowd gathered earlierfor a memorial service for former opposition leader morgan tsvangirai. he passed away last week after a long battle with cancer.
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he was 65. many people wore red at the service, the colour of the party he founded, the movement for democratic change. mr tsvangirai lived long enough to see his political foe robert mugabe forced from power a couple of months ago. although of course mr mugabe was replaced by somebody else from within the same party. today's service was held in the civic square in harare. this is where opposition protests were often held during the mugabe era. shingai nyoka was there. hundreds of opposition supporters, leaders from across the political divide, as well as diplomats and representatives from some african countries, have gathered here did to morgan tsvangirai, and the speakers in this service remembered his contribution to democracy in this
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country. they say that he is an icon that should be honoured but there has also been reference to the fact that in his death his supporters should now unite behind one leader. we've talked a lot recently about political protest in ethiopia — there's been very different kind of protest today. people stayed at home. they're opposed to a six—month state of emergency that was imposed after the prime minister resigned last week. and he resigned because of other protests, like these from last week. the unrest dates back to 2015 and has claimed hundreds of lives. most of the unrest has centred on ethiopia's two largest regions, oromia and amhara. mary harper... the people who are staying at home, they are mainly in the norma —— northern region and they are one of the ethnic groups that feel very
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aggrieved with the ethiopian government. they are particularly angry because on friday the government reimposed a state of emergency, and introduced very strict rules about what people can and can't do under the state of emergency, and they are essentially are protesting against that. and thatis are protesting against that. and that is justified in the name of stability, presumably? it followed before the state of emergency was imposed, the prime minister unexpectedly resigned, and so it is a response to that because the country is basically in political turmoil. no new prime minister has been announced so they have imposed a state of emergency to try to control what are basically three yea rs of control what are basically three years of anti—government protests. so who is bossing this, the politicians or the military men? at the moment the politicians, because even within the governing commission, which has essentially been a very authoritarian form of rule, that is split and there are
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fears now that ethiopia's military might start to really muscle in. and that would really spell disaster for the country, because it's so important that ethiopia is kept politically stable, because it is in such a fantastically unstable part of africa. so if the military start to really move in, that will mean that ethiopia has become another basket case in a region which is already full of basket cases. basket case in a region which is already full of basket casesm basket case in a region which is already full of basket cases. it was only a few weeks ago you were standing here and we were talking about this big announcement of political prisoners being released, and there was a stain —— sense of optimism. that seems to have evaporated somewhat. yes, it is very strange because ethiopia had these months and months and months of protests, and it was scrambling around trying to work out what to do and eventually decided start releasing. it released about 6000 political prisoners, and people started to think, ok, the government is making some concessions to these
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two big ethnic groups who are in opposition. but then the prime minister resigned, and a new state of emergency was imposed, and so it looks like it is back to square one. thanks to mary, and if you heard someone shouting in the background, it sounded rather dramatic, we never found out who it was, but whoever it was, i think they were ok. oxfam has directly apologised to the haitian government today following the prostitution scandal. oxfam's regional director for latin america and the caribbean said "we came here to share the report with the minister and express our shame and apologies to the haitian government and to the haitian people. we've taken lots of measures to improve internal safeguarding measures." the report he's talking about was an internal investigation from 2011. here it is. parts are blacked out to protect identities. oxfam published it today and it reveals that three of the men accused of sexual misconduct in haiti physically threatened witnesses during that 2011 investigation. here's theresa may's reaction —
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given to bbc london radio. this is absolutely horrific, this is exactly the problem that we see, which means that all too often people don't feel able to come forward to report what has happened to them, the behaviour that they have been on the receiving end of. here's some more of what's been revealed in the report. one employee was dismissed and three resigned for using prostitutes on oxfam premises. two more were dismissed for bullying and intimidation. another was sacked for failing to protect staff. here's a member of the uk's international development committee. i don't think these sorts of reports should be secret. now that it is out in the open, we can actually do something significant about it, and that's what i'm going to be asking difficult to do, to have a central register, so we know anyone we give
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money to, any charity, has got the right procedures in place, and that the children and women are absolutely safe. see you tomorrow, goodbye. hello. thanks for joining hello. thanks forjoining me. we have only got about a week and a half to go until meteorological spring, the 1st of march but at the moment the indications are that the weather will do exactly the opposite, it will gradually turned colder, but the wiggo head is not looking too bad at all. a lot of dry weather, some frost around, but it will gradually get colder over the next few days in stock in the short term, we still have a weather system, a weather front coming off the atlantic, but this will be the last weather front for quite a while that will be coming off the atlantic. with it, at the moment you can see some hues of yellow and lime green, that is an indication that
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the air over us is relatively mild, because it hasn't been that cold. by now it has been drizzly and rainy and grey but the air itself has not been particularly cold across the uk. in the short term we have a weather front clearing the country very early on tuesday morning. the rest of the uk will be waking up to a lot of great weather, whereas eastern areas unfortunately where this weather front has stalled, and the words stored is very important, i will explain exactly why this weather front has stalled a little bit later on. but at the moment, suffice to say, the weather is improving on tuesday across most parts of the uk, even at 11 or 12 in the south, whereas these eastern areas are a little bit greyer. but what happens with the wind. you probably would have noticed this shift in the wind direction. rather than coming from the west, it is coming in from the east or the northeast, an indication that slightly colder air is starting to reach us. but this is first on wednesday morning, still a lot of cloud around so it is not that cold yet. we need the clear skies for the
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cold weather. come wednesday, look at the wind, it is coming out of scandinavia, central part of europe into the uk, and this is the early morning forecast for the first wednesday morning across much of europe. much of mainland europe is actually below freezing. these same easterly winds will be a real feature during the course, or the second half of this week. so a bit of cloud around on wednesday, so perhaps not clear blue skies, but it will still be cold. 6 degrees in norwich, 9 degrees in belfast. this big area of high pressure in winter months usually spells calm, settled weather, but it also means cold and at times grey and foggy weather. so the thinking is, come thursday, with this high building in out of northern and eastern europe, we will start to see very settled conditions, but at times perhaps foggy. conditions, but at times perhaps foggy, frosty in the morning. difficult to predict exactly how much sunshine we will get but it will be mostly dry. as we go through the weekend, we will start to see
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those temperatures levelling off around six or 7 degrees, but the key is in this wind direction. and easterly here in cardiff, in london as well, and quite a wind chill associated with that as well. this graphic needs quite a bit of explanation. look at this area of high pressure that stretches all the way from the uk, across scandinavia, into western pa rt way from the uk, across scandinavia, into western part of russia, in fact all the way into siberia and around this high we will get a flow of cold air. iam this high we will get a flow of cold air. i am trying to think of an analogy, almost like cold honey running around this area of high pressure. heading towards the uk. so thatis pressure. heading towards the uk. so that is the prediction for next week. much colder air, that is the prediction for next week. much colderair, possibly siberian air, on the way, and a chance of snow. thanks for watching. tonight at ten: a sweeping review of university funding in england amid concerns about the level of tuition fees. the system in england has become one of the most expensive in the world,
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raising major concerns about affordability. the prime minister — who says tuition fees will not be scrapped — says there needs to be a new look at the funding system. our goal is a funding system which provides value for money for graduates and taxpayers, so the principle that students as well as taxpayers should contribute to the cost of their studies is an important one. we'll be asking what the review might produce and we'll be looking at systems in other countries. also tonight: a university lecturer from birmingham is jailed for 32 years and described as one of the worst paedophiles ever found on the web. every year, millions of newborn babies around the world fail to live
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