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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 2, 2018 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is nkem ifejika. our top stories: destroyed on re—entry. china says its abandoned space lab burned up after it finally fell to earth over the south pacific. beijing imposes new import taxes on us goods, as donald trump increases tariffs on steel and aluminium imports. israel rejects international calls for an investigation into the killing of 15 people during violent protests. in his easter message, the pope appeals for an end to conflict, and what he calls the carnage in syria. welcome. a defunct chinese space laboratory has re—entered the earth's atmosphere, breaking into pieces over the south pacific. china's space agency said the vast
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majority of the tiangong—i spacecraft burnt up as it made its descent in the last couple of hours. lebo diseko reports. heavenly palace blasting off. china's first space station was supposed be a launchpad for bigger and better projects. but since then, the eight—ton spacecraft, about the size of the school bus, has stopped working, and come crashing down to earth. in the end, the south pacific is where it came down. all of this is a far cry
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from the space station's glory days, when astronauts spent several days on board. but it all seems pretty embarrassing for the country's space programme. let's speak to an expert on space debris, ted muelhaupt of the aerospace corporation. do we know who saw what?” do we know who saw what? i haven't heard reports of exactly how they confirmed it. the us air force, the joint space operations centre, has confirmed the re—entry at 0016 universal time today, so a little earlier than we were predicting, only by about 1k minutes, which is outstanding given the uncertainties. but i don't have information as to how they arrived at that site time. 0k,
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how they arrived at that site time. ok, but how they arrived at that site time. 0k, butare how they arrived at that site time. ok, but are we confident, as they say, that everything burnt up? no, i would doubt that everything burnt up, but since the re—entry occurred over the pacific ocean, anything that didn't burn up almost certainly fell in the water, so we won't know exactly how much survived the re—entry, but it would be surprising if everything had put up. that would be very, very atypical unless you deliberately designed the system to do that. now, for the things that didn't burn up, will there be any desire to retrieve it if possible? in the ocean it will be difficult, but if the ocean the opportunity presented itself, will authorities wa nt to presented itself, will authorities want to access the stuff that fell to earth? no, generally we don't. u nless to earth? no, generally we don't. unless there is something we know is valuable on board, or hazardous, such as radioactive material, most people do not try and retrieve space debris. at the aerospace corporation we help to retrieve some of the
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degree because we are doing research as to how things burn up on re—entry and we want to make sure things do 01’ and we want to make sure things do or don't burn up, burn up when we wa nt or don't burn up, burn up when we want them to and don't burn up if we don't want them to. for that we need data and the best source of data is to collect some of the degree. so we actively look for the degree, but most organisations don't and i doubt the chinese well. and even we wouldn't go to the trouble of trying to retrieve them from the bottom of the ocean. for you, what have you learnt from the experience about the decommissioning and break up on re—entry of this spacecraft? decommissioning and break up on re-entry of this spacecraft? well, when you are in the space business, so when you are in the space business, so much of what you do is based on models. and real data is gold. it trumps models every time. so every time we can get real data, that is fantastic. and be in the agency did very co—ordination committee has used one of its campaigns to improve oui’ used one of its campaigns to improve our models of this. so we feel
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pretty good about the process. we have improved our predictions. we had eight separate models all tracking at once and looking for a convergence, so we tracking at once and looking for a convergence, so we certainly feel like we have improved the quality of oui’ like we have improved the quality of our predictions. and then the other thing i have learnt years, wow, when the media gets hold of something, it certainly changes things. the media gets hold of something, it certainly changes thingslj the media gets hold of something, it certainly changes things. i am sorry we keeping eu, we are like a dog would the! i want to ask you, this isa would the! i want to ask you, this is a chinese spacecraft, but in terms of how space agencies across the world work, is there any co—ordination or information sharing among agencies? 0ther chinese saying to the americans this is what we think is going to happen or are americansjust track think is going to happen or are americans just track here because they have the know—how to track these devices? i don't know that there is any extra co—ordination going on. most of the nations who launch into space, there are protocols at the un for notification. as far as i know, the chinese have followed all of those. it isa chinese have followed all of those.
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it is a cooperative thing. so spacefaring nations like to share info. i won't claim that by no of any particular information sharing that has gone on with the chinese, but most of the community tries to predict re—entry, and certainly the space debris community, has been watching this with interest, sharing the info. there is probably some level of friendly competition going on. we will all be interested to compare our on. we will all be interested to compare oui’ notes on on. we will all be interested to compare our notes on how well we did with the predictions. so that level of information sharing does go on, and usually the best way this happens is through papers at international conferences. i expect you will see a number of papers in the next few years on tiangong—1. depending on what data people think they have and what they think they can do with it which is worth sharing. and your telephone will have a rest until next time the media gets hold
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ofa until next time the media gets hold of a space object. china's foreign ministry says, from today, new tariffs will be imposed on a series of products imported from the united states. it has slapped retaliatory tariffs on 128 us imports, including pork and fruits. it is a direct response to president trump's announcement of new taxes on steel and aluminium brought into america. some industry analysts had warned that such actions could spark a global trade war. from washington, here is chris buckler. china was one of the countries foremost in president trump's mind when last month he detailed steep new tariffs on imported steel and aluminium. the american steel and aluminium industry has been ravaged by aggressive foreign trade practices. it's really an assault on our country. the workers who poured their souls into building this great nation were betrayed, but that betrayal is now over. retaliation from beijing was inevitable, and effective immediately there will be a 25% charge on pork exported from the us into china, as well as new taxes
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forfruit, nuts, wine, and a range of other products. the american authorities have already announced plans for further targeted tariffs for tens of billions of dollars' of chinese imports. they say that is in response to unfair trading practices in china, that affect us companies. but it raises the possibility of yet more action being taken, in what has become a tit—for—tat trade battle. let's talk to our correspondent stephen mcdonell now. stephen, i am just a bit confused here. pork coming to china. if you put tariffs on that, that will make it more expensive, won't it? and china is a big consumer of pork. well, the thing with this, it is not that china feels it wants to put his ta riffs that china feels it wants to put his tariffs on, but that it has to respond in some way. and this is
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what has analysts worried, that the whole thing can spiral out of control. you know, as wejust heard, this is only the first response from china. so the us has its first round of tariffs. china threatens to respond. the us announces its second round of tariffs, and today, china's threat of those first round of ta riffs threat of those first round of tariffs is starting. so in terms of the details, we have 128 us product, 120 of which will have 15% tariffs, and eight of which will have a 25% tariff. so apart from nuts, fruit, ginseng, wine, we have pork. china could ramp it up, of course. these are not things that are really going to hit the us as hard as it could. but they are looking for a way out. after all, if you burn it right down to the core, who would lose out more from this? i mean, both sides would
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be very hurt in a trade war. because of the surplus, i guess you would have to think it would hit china more in the long run than the us. and so they are going to be looking at some point for a negotiated settlement. 0n the us side, you have all these people who think, even if they don't agree with donald trump's tariff measures, because they are opposed to that, you know, they could see that it could be in breach of world trade organization provisions, but nevertheless here is criticism of china of stealing the ip, intellectual property of international companies, i think a lot of international observers would have something to be with that. for example, the chinese government says toa example, the chinese government says to a foreign company, all right, you wa nt to to a foreign company, all right, you want to operate in china? you have to bring with it all these intellectual goodies, and we are going to keep them. so german high—speed trade —— train companies, and the like, have been complaining about this for a long time. of
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course, the problem of using tariffs isa course, the problem of using tariffs is a measure to challenge this is that the whole thing risks spiralling out of control into a trade war which could drag in europe, other countries in asia, and we don't really know where it is going to go. because at the moment it is just tit—for—tat threats and measures, and no signs of negotiations. thank you very much for that. let's take a look at some of the other stories making the news: indian—administered kashmir has seen some of the worst violence for months, leaving at least 20 people dead after clashes between government forces and militants. at least three civilians are reportedly dead. police and residents said violence erupted on sunday when hundreds of people tried to prevent the indian soldiers from carrying out operations against suspected militants. president trump has reasserted his opposition to legalising the status of hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants brought to the united states as children. earlier on twitter, he accused mexico of doing "very little, if not nothing", to stop migrants crossing its northern border. he threatened to walk away from the north american free trade agreement.
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myanmar‘s de facto leader, aung san suu kyi, says her country must listen to the international community if it wants to be accepted as a responsible nation. in an address marking two years in government, ms suu kyi spoke of humanitarian problems in rakhine state, but again omitted any mention of the military campaign that has forced out 700,000 rohingya muslims. polls have closed in costa rica in a presidential run—off in which voters were choosing between a conservative evangelical, fabricio alvarado, and a former minister for the governing centre—left party, carlos alvarado. latest estimates show the two candidates are neck—and—neck. results are likely to be announced in the next few hours. israel has rejected calls for an independent inquiry into the killing of at least 15 palestinian protestors, by israeli troops in gaza on friday. both the united nations and the european union have called foran inquiry. the israeli defence minister
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says his soldiers were protecting the country's borders, and that ten of those who died were militant islamist activists. 0ur middle east correspondent tom bateman reports from the gaza strip. a third day of protests on gaza's border with israel. these tents sitjust hundreds of metres from the fence where israeli snipers watch. palestinians say they will stay put, as they talk about the events of friday. translation: we are innocent civilians, but the israeli occupation doesn't even give us the right to express ourselves. translation: our people, our sons, our youth — they were standing about 500 metres away from the border, but they shoot and kill. the numbers of protesters here have fallen since the events of friday. but for those who continue to come, they do so for a key reason, that they see as at the core of this conflict — the palestinian right of return.
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but for israel it is the position of these camps, so close to the fence, that they see as a provocation. as we filmed, more gunfire broke out. palestinian leaders say the force used on friday was disproportionate and indiscriminate. gaza's health ministry said, in addition to those killed, more than 750 people were injured from live ammunition on friday. the eu's diplomatic chief has echoed a call from the head of the united nations for an independent inquiry. but israel says it was protecting its fence from what it called violent rioters, arguing any breach would threaten israeli lives. it says at least ten of those killed belonged to militant islamist groups, including hamas, which controls the gaza strip. israel's defence minister rejected calls for an inquiry into the deaths. the rhetoric stepped up today as turkey's president,
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tayyip erdogan, labelled israel's prime minister a terrorist. mr netanyahu responded, saying... palestinians say they will protest here for six weeks, culminating when the us plans to move its embassy from tel aviv to jerusalem. many on both sides of this conflict fear further violence is on the horizon. tom bateman, bbc news, gaza. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: coming together to reduce child obesity. we see the work of a programme trying to do just that in amsterdam. the accident that happened here was of the sort that can, at worse, produce a meltdown. in this case,
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the precautions worked, but they didn't work quite well enough to prevent some old fears about the safety features of these stations from resurfacing. the republic of ireland has become the first country in the world to ban smoking in the workplace. from today, anyone lighting up in offices, businesses, pubs or restaurants will face a heavy fine. the president was on his way out of the washington hilton hotel where he had been addressing a trade union conference. the small crowd outside included his assailant. it has become a symbol of paris. a hundred years ago, many parisians wished it had never been built. the eiffel tower's birthday is being marked by a re—enactment of the first ascent by gustave eiffel. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: out of control and all burnt up. china says its abandoned space station re—entered the earth's atmosphere over the south pacific. beijing imposes new import taxes on us goods as donald trump increases tariffs on steel and aluminium imports. the wider middle east was part of the pope's easter address at the vatican on easter sunday. he called for reconciliation and an end to civil war in syria and in yemen. meanwhile the archbishop of canterbury, in his easter address, said everyone should have hope, whatever their circumstances. 0ur religion editor martin bashir reports. the stark surroundings of st peter's square on good friday were transformed this morning by 50,000 plants and flowers. but, on a joyous day in the christian calendar, pope francis described a world torn apart by conflict, beginning with syria, extending across the middle east to parts of africa. and he prayed for christians living in these places. "may our brothers and sisters in christ, who put up with injustices and persecution, be radiant witnesses of the risen lord," he said.
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services took place across the uk, including salisbury, where bishop nicholas holtam said the poisoning of sergei skripal and his daughter yulia had violated the city, but encouraged christians to rebuild relationships and confidence in one another. in canterbury, the archbishop, justin welby, spoke of choosing hope instead of despair. and, perhaps mindful of his recent appearance at the independent inquiry into child sexual abuse, he urged the church to be honest about its own wrongdoing. we must be a holy church made up of holy people, rejecting the seeking of power, transparent about our failings, humble when we sing.
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the royal family attended easter worship at st george's chapel in windsor, though the queen was not accompanied by the duke of edinburgh because of problems with his hip. also absent — prince harry and his fiancee, meghan markle, who will be married there next month. martin bashir, bbc news. north korea's leader, kim jong—un, has watched a performace by south korean k—pop stars at a rare event in pyongyang. the concert is the latest in a series of conciliatory gestures appearing to mark a thaw in relations between the two sides. the leaders of the two koreas are due to hold a summit on the border later this month. this report by james waterhouse contains some flashing images. the sight of kim jong—un waving to enthusiastic applause might not be anything new, but south korean reports say he is now the first north korean leader ever to go to a performance by an artistic group from the south. nearly 200 singers, dancers and technicians are in the capital for two concerts.
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south korean ministers say he showed much interest in the show, and asked about the songs and lyrics. the spectators were treated to performances of korean pop, also known as k—pop. including the group red velvet, who made their intentions clear before leaving south korea. translation: it is our great honour to perform with veteran singers. as we're the youngest singers, we'll do our best to deliver bright energy to the north korean people. translation: it is our great honour to perform with veteran singers. it is hoped this will serve as a peace gesture ahead of a meeting between the leaders of north and south korea. the south's taekwondo athletes also
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performed for an audience ahead of a joint display of their martial art on monday. beyond the concerts, south korea and the us have begun their annual joint military exercises. the pentagon says they will be on a similar scale to previous years — 300,000 troops will take part. but the drill will be a month shorter than usual, and won't involve nuclear submarines. but the drills have angered north korea. kim jong—un met the chinese president, xijinping, last week, and he has offered to have a face—to—face meeting with donald trump. no date yet, but it is expected before the end of may. a sugar tax comes into effect in britain this week aimed at tackling childhood obesity which is now a growing health
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problem around the world. in amsterdam, health officials have come up with an anti obesity programme that brings together schools, doctors and neighbourhood groups. so far, it's seen some positive results, asjeremy cooke explains. meet tyrell — a typical nine—year—old but struggling with weight, caught up in the global childhood obesity crisis. with one in five of its children overweight, amsterdam is determined to help kids like tyrell. you want to feel fit, and your condition has to be ok, so i try to make him aware already, like just think about your health. the amsterdam initiative means every child is put through their paces — weighed but also tested for strength, endurance and balance — to see who needs help. for tyrell, that means regular home visits from dieticians
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advising on healthy eating. and then there's the gym — free sessions twice a week with other children on the programme. they're having fun, getting fit and, crucially, losing pounds. the amsterdam mission is to educate kids and their parents to the benefits of exercise, the dangers of unhealthy food. and its targeted help. is it a healthy option? it's a little bit healthy. a little bit. a little bit healthy, yeah. it looks delicious. yeah. there's a special push to reach families in the low—income parts of town with large immigrant populations. in some middle eastern communities, almost 30% of kids are overweight — much higher than the national average. so they're coming together to share ways to improve their children's diets. in my shopping list, i have only healthy things. when i come home they say, "mum, it's only green, everything is green!" the children of amsterdam are on the move — on the ice, burning calories.
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it's free entry here and in other cities sports facilities. exercise helping to force obesity rates down. there's nothing more important than the future of our children, not only all political parties but also sports organisations, schools, shop owners, everyone is helping, and that creates an environment in which you can change. all schools in this programme banned junk food, and break time means eating only fruit, drinking only water. most parents are enthusiastic supporters, but of course there have been challenges. there has been some protest, yeah, some people think that we should not be sitting in their parenting chair and telling them how to raise their children. elements of what they're doing here in amsterdam have been tried elsewhere — including, of course, in the uk — but with limited success. what seems to be different
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here is that there is consistent consensus, a joined—up approach, meaning that these kids are getting the same message from city hall, through their classrooms, and into the family kitchen. in amsterdam, it's all about the children. lessons here perhaps for other cities hoping to build a better, leaner future. jeremy cooke, bbc news, amsterdam. breaking news, the centre—left presidential hopeful has an insurmountable lead. 61% of the vote so far. hello there.
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easter sunday was a little bit disappointing across many areas. it was rather cloudy, cool. the best of the sunshine was reserved across the north and the west of scotland. now we look to the south, to the next area of low pressure, which is going to bring disruptive weather for easter monday. it is an area of rain, sleet, and snow, fairly strong winds as well, continuing to push northwards during the early hours of easter monday with some snowfall likely across the higher ground of wales into central and northern england and even into northern ireland by early parts of easter monday. cold feel to things as well. particularly across scotland, where we'll have clear skies and widespread frost. for easter monday morning there could be travel disruption across northern ireland into central, southern scotland and northern england. widespread heavy wet, snow, could see up to 10—15 centimetres over the north pennines and into the southern uplands. some drifting of that snow because of the strong east
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to south—easterly wind. down to lower levels as well. a mixture of severe weather for the easter monday morning. further south, mainly rain. for england and wales milder air moving in. there will be a few sunny spells, one or two showers, temperatures in double figures, 10—13 degrees. cold and dry across the northern half of scotland with one or two wintry showers. if you are on the move easter monday bear in mind that there is snow across central northern areas that could cause problems. keep tuned to the bbc radio and subsequent weather forecasts. a big area of low pressure will be close to the uk as we head into the latter part of monday and into tuesday. one thing it will be doing is dragging up some very mild air from spain and from france. initially across england and wales and pushing on into southern scotland and northern ireland through tuesday. there is the remnants of the sleet and snow across the northern half of scotland, heavy snow, drifting. strong easterly wind. further south, outbreaks of rain. for england and wales
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we will see sunny spells. a few heavy, maybe thundery april showers. look at those temperatures. that mild air, 13 maybe 15 celsius. much milder than what we have been used to. low pressure still with us tuesday into wednesday. eastern areas will see the milder air. cold air pouring in behind this area of low pressure. outbreaks of rain for scotland, northern ireland, turning wintry over the higher ground of scotland, maybe down to the lower levels. elsewhere for england and wales it is another day of heavy april, maybe thundery showers and sunny spells. again, feeling quite mild, temperatures in double figures. this is bbc news. these are the headlines: china says its abandoned tiangong—1 space station re—entered the earth's atmosphere over the south pacific in the last few hours. experts say most of the eight tonne craft would have burnt up in its rapid descent. beijing is imposing import taxes on a range of us goods, in retaliation to donald trump's tariff increases on steel
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and aluminium imports. last month, china said it was planning tariffs on up to $3 billion worth of us imports. north korea's leader kimjong—un has attended a ground—breaking pop concert, featuring south korean stars. the event is the latest in a series of conciliatory gestures, that appear to mark a thaw in relations between the two sides. the leaders of the two koreas are due to hold a summit this month.
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